20 views

Uploaded by Fatos Shuli

calculus

save

- Integração
- stthm
- UWAMathsUnion MATH1002 corrections.pdf
- Tutorial 8
- Unit 8 the Integral
- Ejercicios Integr Cambio Variable
- 21 June Aptitude Test
- Lecture03.pdf
- Matlab 6
- 9783642029677-c1 (1).pdf
- June 2007
- Add Math Folio
- Lecture 17
- Notes on vector calculus
- Academic Planning Guide 2015-16
- Geoboard Activities
- WPH03_01_que_20180113_2
- Preface
- 8_MRT_Non_comp
- Include
- Impq-NCS303.docx
- Formula of Various Geometical Figures
- Mathematics Intervention Course of Study III
- Calculus Early Transcendentals - By David Guichard
- Solving Integral Equations in MS Excel
- ps7.pdf
- Yr09 Indices
- Contractor's Math
- Math Practices
- common core math standards jigsaw 3rd grade
- Matematike_Kl-1_Kurrikula-e-re.doc
- Formulari i Aplikimit 2017
- Olimpiada Kl 9 (Nr.theory&Inequalities&c)
- Formular Aplikmi Per Lektore
- 004 Matemaike Programi i Kl IV
- Teze 4 Olimpiades Se Matematikes 2014
- kangoroo 2
- classroomlanguage (1).pdf
- 9 Final Exam
- fc95a0f3-ca00-456a-8fa5-64789b2e2b55
- zgj.tezave2015
- kangoroo 2.docx
- 10.Sistemet e Inteligjences Ne Biznes Dhe
- matematike-10-drafti-i-gjeologji-lekt11gusht.doc
- MATEMATIKA-3-Plani-mësimor-vjetor
- Worksheet Triangles
- Prv Mature
- pedago
- 6th Grade Quiz-equations Ratio Proportion-A
- pyetje_drejtshkrim
- Bash Ke Site
- Class9 Alg Test06 Sets Yakup YAZICI
- Quiz-12
- Exam-6
- Rrah Man
- 25331325 Plani Lendor Lenda Matematike 12
- Quiz-11
- Class7 Algebra Test01 Sets Yakup YAZICI
- Competition 8

You are on page 1of 5

**Consider the function Can you think of a function such that ? (Answer:
**

many other examples.)

Since we differentiate to get we see that will work for any constant Graphically, we can

think the set of all antiderivatives as vertical transformations of the graph of

Notation and Introduction to Indefinite Integrals

The process of finding antiderivatives is called antidifferentiation, more commonly referred to as integration. We

have a particular sign and set of symbols we use to indicate integration:

**We refer to the left side of the equation as “the indefinite integral of with respect to
**

" The function is called the integrand and the constant is called the constant of integration. Finally the

symbol indicates that we are to integrate with respect to

**Using this notation, we would summarize the last example as follows:
**

Using Derivatives to Derive Basic Rules of Integration

As with differentiation, there are several useful rules that we can derive to aid our computations as we solve problems.

The first of these is a rule for integrating power functions, and is stated as follows:

**If and are integrable functions, and is a constant, then
**

Example 2:Compute the following indefinite integral.

Solution:

Using our rules we have Sometimes our rules need to be

modified slightly due to operations with constants as is the

case in the following example.

Example 3:

Compute the following indefinite integral:

Solution:We first note that our rule for integrating exponential functions does not work here since

However, if we remember to divide the original function by the constant then we get the correct antiderivative and have

**We can now re-state the rule in a more general form as
**

In problems #1–3, find an antiderivative of the function

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

1 1 x2 4

7. xx4 x

dx

x4 xx dx

2

4 C

x

Indefinite Integrals Practice

1. Verify the statement by showing that the derivative of the right side is equal to the integrand of the left side.

9 3 1

x dx 3 C 1 dx x 3 x C

3

4

a. b.

x x

3 2

2. Integrate.

1

t csc t C c. cot sin C d. 3 x 2 dx l. t C o. u 4 u 2 C p. you could have checked all of yours using differentiation!) 5 2. cos t C 3 7. c. dx f. 2 C 5 4 x 4x x4 6 73 3 2 3 5 1 1 i. dx d. t 3 C c. 6x C b. x C g. (2sin x 3cos x)dx b.5 Evaluating Definite Integrals If is continuous on the closed interval then where is any antiderivative of We sometimes use the following shorthand notation to indicate Example 1:Compute the following definite integral: Solution:Using the limit definition we found that We now can verify this using the theorem as follows: We first note that is an antiderivative of Hence we have We conclude the lesson by stating the rules for definite integrals. x 1 3 dx t2 2 u 3u 1 du p. 2 dx n. 3 dx x i. C 4 7 2 5 2x 4x 2 3 1 11 2 72 n. ydy 4x t Answers: (Of course. 2 dt x 1 6 x 5 dx y 2 2 o. t3 a. x x xC k. x 3 2 dx j. a. 2. 2x C j. b. a. x C f. most of which parallel the rules we stated for the Example 2: Compute Example 3:Compute 1. C h. 1 csc t cot t dt csc cos d t sin t dt 2 2 c. d. 1 m. u C 2x2 2 52 33 4 2 1 e. 2 C m. 2cos x 3sin x C b. Integrate. x 3 C l. 6dx 3t dt 5x du 2 3 a. dx h. xdx g. q. 2 . 2 x3 x 2 5 x C q. 2x 4 3 3x 1 dx k. y C t 4 2 2 7 1. C d. 3 1 1 x x 2x 2 3 e.

3 . However. The definite integral computes the net area under the curve. 7. the area between the curve and the x-axis is given by: We observe that the regions of interest are in the first and third quadrants from to We also observe the symmetry of the graphs about the origin. 4. Your friend states that there is no area under the curve of on since he computed Is he correct? Explain your answer. 9. 3. From this we see that the total area enclosed is Example 2:Find the area between the curves of and the axis from to Solution: We observe from the graph that we will have to divide the interval into subintervals and Example 3:Find the area enclosed by the curves of and Solution:The graph indicates the area we need to focus on. Review Answers 1 6 He is partially correct. 8. 6. 5.

4 3 7 16 1 1 3 1 4 m 2 2 C 3 C 6. 1 2 dt 12.) dx x 1 3 2 4x 6 6. x 1 2 x dx 3 x3 3x2 dx x 3 2 3 52 1. t 5 6t C 11. C 3 15 4 t 3x 1 3 2x 4x2 C 2 13. 7. 4. f ( x) x2 1. 3) (Hint: you will need to add 2 integrals) Area = 6 Integration by Substitution Practice Find the indefinite integral. g ( x) x Area = 1/6 6.) 2 dx 4. C C 5. on the interval (0. 4. 3 x3 1 2 1 x 2 2 x 3x 7 2 2 6 1 1 4 2 2 32 1 9. 3x dx 13. dt 11. g ( x) 3 x . dx 8. 1 x3 C 10. dx 6. 2. C 2. 4 x2 1 2 x x 2 1 dx 2. 9. 5.) 5. dx 5. dx x2 x 1 2 x 6x 2 3 4. 1 C 12. 3.) 3x 2 3 x3 dx x 3 x 1 2 x dx 3 5 2 3 3.) dx x 3x 7 2 3 Integrate. 2. 8. g ( x) 4 2 Area = 32/3 59 7. f ( x ) x . dx x3 1 1 x2 2 3 4x 6 x2 m m 2dm 3 4 7. 1. 2 t t 2 t Answers: x 1 2 4 2 1 3 x3 2 C 2 1 2 x2 C 3 x 3 2 C 7 4 1. 3. dx x 2 3x 7 3 1 x3 3 t 2t 2 1 1 3 2 x 4 x 1 4 x dx 1 10. 3. 3t dt 3) 5x 3dx 2 1) 6dx 2) 3 du x dx 2 3 4) 5) 6) xdx x 2 dx 1 1 x 2 x3 dx 3 7) dx 8) 9) x 10) 2x 4 3 3x 1 dx 11) 3 x 2 dx 12) 1 x3 dx 4 . f ( x) x .

x x 2 dx (e e ) Integrate. dx 2. dx 7. dx 1 1 2 e2 x 2e x 1 3e x3 e 4 x dx 8. dx * H int : Simplify by dividing by e x 2(e x e x ) 9.25 x 0. 3e e 3xe (2x+1)e 3 x 4e 3 x 0.5 x2 x2 x x 2 8 x 1. t2 2 1 13) 4 x 2 dx 14) t 2 dt 15) u 3u 2 1 du 16) x 1 6 x 5 dx 17) y 2 ydy x3 3 x 3 2 x2 4x 5/3 3 3) 5 dx 6 x 2 2 dx 5 4 1) x dx 2) dx 4) dx 5) x 4x x x x2 x 1 2 2x 1 x 3 dx u 5u 1 du 3 2 3 2 dx 2 6) dx 7) 8) 9) x 4x x t 4 t 4 x3 x 1 dx 10) t 2 dt 11) 12) y3 4 y3 dy Integrate the following using U-substitution. dx 3. 2 1 2x dx (2x) x 1 dx 4 2 3 1) 2) 3) (10 x) 5x 4dx 4) x 4 dx 2 4 5) x x 1 dx 6) x 1 2 x dx 2 3 2 7 x2 x 1 7) dx 8) dx 1 x 3 2 x 2 x 3 2 2 x2 4x 6 9) dx 10) dx x 3x 7 3 x2 4 x 3 2 Integrate the following using U-substitution. 4x 3 x3 1) 5x 3 1 x 2 dx 2) dx 3) dx 4) dx 1 x 2 2x 3 1 x4 5) x3 3x x2 1 dx 6) 1 2x dx 7) 3 2 x 4 x2 1 4 x dx 8) x 2 3x 2 3 3/2 dx Integrate. (e x e x ) 2 dx * H int : FOIL 10. ex ( x 1) / 2 6. dx 4. dx 5. 1 1 x x2 x3 1) x 1 dx 2) 3 2x dx 3) 2 x 1 dx 4) x3 1 dx 5) x 6x 7 2 dx 1 e x 4e2 x 6) dx 7) dx 8) dx x ln x 1 e x 5 e2 x 5 . (6 x e x ) 3x 2 e x dx 12. 9 xe x dx x 2 x e x 3 x 1dx 2 3 2 3 2 1) 2e2 x dx 2) e4x dx 3) 4) 5x2e x dx 5) 1 2/ x 1 x 6) 5e2 x dx 7) x2 e dx 8) x e dx Evaluate. e x 1 e x dx 11.

- IntegraçãoUploaded byFabio Coutinho Fernandes
- stthmUploaded bypann
- UWAMathsUnion MATH1002 corrections.pdfUploaded byFred
- Tutorial 8Uploaded byBhushan Rane
- Unit 8 the IntegralUploaded bycooooool1927
- Ejercicios Integr Cambio VariableUploaded byMariajo Perez Meseguer
- 21 June Aptitude TestUploaded byapi-26674800
- Lecture03.pdfUploaded bynhc2009
- Matlab 6Uploaded byMitul Kumar Ahirwal
- 9783642029677-c1 (1).pdfUploaded byhafeez
- June 2007Uploaded byapi-26543952
- Add Math FolioUploaded byMeth Dickson
- Lecture 17Uploaded byTauseef Ahmad
- Notes on vector calculusUploaded byYuki
- Academic Planning Guide 2015-16Uploaded byKevin Jiang
- Geoboard ActivitiesUploaded byyiannis
- WPH03_01_que_20180113_2Uploaded byRameez Mazhar Siddiqi
- PrefaceUploaded byAriana Ribeiro Lameirinhas
- 8_MRT_Non_compUploaded byRajasekhar Poonuru
- IncludeUploaded byyasirm3
- Impq-NCS303.docxUploaded byKartikay Sharma
- Formula of Various Geometical FiguresUploaded byGPrasanna Kumar
- Mathematics Intervention Course of Study IIIUploaded byShannon Robbins Artim
- Calculus Early Transcendentals - By David GuichardUploaded byNatasha Urbancic
- Solving Integral Equations in MS ExcelUploaded byanil0208
- ps7.pdfUploaded byRahmat Maftuh Ihsan
- Yr09 IndicesUploaded byGertrude Ramsbottom
- Contractor's MathUploaded byedwintks
- Math PracticesUploaded byHeinrichjohannes
- common core math standards jigsaw 3rd gradeUploaded byapi-28847298

- Matematike_Kl-1_Kurrikula-e-re.docUploaded byFatos Shuli
- Formulari i Aplikimit 2017Uploaded byFatos Shuli
- Olimpiada Kl 9 (Nr.theory&Inequalities&c)Uploaded byFatos Shuli
- Formular Aplikmi Per LektoreUploaded byFatos Shuli
- 004 Matemaike Programi i Kl IVUploaded byFatos Shuli
- Teze 4 Olimpiades Se Matematikes 2014Uploaded byFatos Shuli
- kangoroo 2Uploaded byFatos Shuli
- classroomlanguage (1).pdfUploaded byFatos Shuli
- 9 Final ExamUploaded byFatos Shuli
- fc95a0f3-ca00-456a-8fa5-64789b2e2b55Uploaded byFatos Shuli
- zgj.tezave2015Uploaded byFatos Shuli
- kangoroo 2.docxUploaded byFatos Shuli
- 10.Sistemet e Inteligjences Ne Biznes DheUploaded byFatos Shuli
- matematike-10-drafti-i-gjeologji-lekt11gusht.docUploaded byFatos Shuli
- MATEMATIKA-3-Plani-mësimor-vjetorUploaded byFatos Shuli
- Worksheet TrianglesUploaded byFatos Shuli
- Prv MatureUploaded byFatos Shuli
- pedagoUploaded byFatos Shuli
- 6th Grade Quiz-equations Ratio Proportion-AUploaded byFatos Shuli
- pyetje_drejtshkrimUploaded byFatos Shuli
- Bash Ke SiteUploaded byFatos Shuli
- Class9 Alg Test06 Sets Yakup YAZICIUploaded byFatos Shuli
- Quiz-12Uploaded byFatos Shuli
- Exam-6Uploaded byFatos Shuli
- Rrah ManUploaded byFatos Shuli
- 25331325 Plani Lendor Lenda Matematike 12Uploaded byFatos Shuli
- Quiz-11Uploaded byFatos Shuli
- Class7 Algebra Test01 Sets Yakup YAZICIUploaded byFatos Shuli
- Competition 8Uploaded byFatos Shuli