You are on page 1of 31

Sircal Instruments (UK) Ltd

MP-2000

RARE GAS PURIFIER

OPERATING & SERVICING
MANUAL

2

INDEX

SECTION PAGE NO.

INTRODUCTION 3

FRONT PANEL CONTROLS 6

INSTALLATION 7

HEATER BAKE OUT 8

OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS 9

REGENERATION OF MOLECULAR SIEVE TUBE 10

REPLACEMENT OF TITANIUM AND/OR COPPER
OXIDE TUBES 11

REPLACEMENT OF MOLECULAR SIEVE TUBE 13

GUIDE TO CALCULATING TUBE LIFE 15

FAULT CONDITION 16

IMPURE GAS 16

REPLACEMENT OF FURNACE HEATER 17

ELECTRONIC CONTROL PANEL 20

OPTIONAL FEATURE: Pressure Switch 27

WARRANTY AND SERVICE 28

SPARE PARTS LIST 29

APPENDIX: Side Entry Kits 30

DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY FOR EC 31

2 2

3

Introduction .
The MP-2000 Rare Gas Purifier is designed to purify rare gases. Rare gases include helium,
argon, xenon and krypton. Most users will be using the purifier to purify argon and the purifier
is shipped after being run on argon, so is ready for immediate use with this gas. Users
wishing to run on another rare gas must expect the outlet gas to be contaminated with argon
until all the argon has been purged out.

The purifier is capable of purifying impure argon at a typical impurity level of 10-50 vpm
(volumes per million) down to less than 1 vpm total impurity. The maximum flow rate
recommended is 10 litres/minute. Higher purification efficiency will be achieved at lower flow
rates. The MP-2000 purifier will remove the common impurities found in argon, that is:
oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen, moisture, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and hydrocarbons.

The purifier works by passing the rare gas through a heated bed of titanium granules at
700°C which removes oxygen and nitrogen by chemical reaction. The gas then passes
through a heated bed of copper oxide which removes hydrogen and hydrocarbons by
oxidation to carbon dioxide and water. Residual moisture and carbon dioxide is then
removed by passing the gas through a bed of molecular sieve.

The titanium, copper oxide and molecular sieve are contained in stainless steel tubes,
referred to as the “titanium tube” the “copper oxide tube” and the “molecular sieve tube”.
Eventually the titanium and copper oxide material will be consumed and the purification
process will become inefficient. At this stage the user will need to replace these tubes.
Details on how to do this are given later in this manual. The molecular sieve can be
regenerated by heating to around 250°C. The molecular sieve tube is equipped with band
heaters to enable the process of regeneration to be carried out. During the regeneration
process impurities held on the molecular sieve will be released. Therefore, during
regeneration, rare gas must be passed through the system to remove these impurities and
the gas outlet from the purifier should be diverted away from the downstream equipment

The molecular sieve can be regenerated many times, but eventually the regeneration
becomes less effective and the user may have to change this tube as well. Spare tubes are
available on an ex-stock basis from Sircal.

Fig 1 overleaf shows the main parts of the purifier. Other features to note in the diagram
include the heat exchanger block and the “ready” relay contacts. The gas passing out of the
copper oxide tube is hot; if it passes directly to the
molecular sieve tube without cooling, the molecular sieve will heat up causing partial
regeneration to take place and impurities to be given off. For this reason the gas is passed
through a heat exchanger block which cools the gas to near ambient temperature before it
enters the molecular sieve tube.

The gas connections at the rear of the purifier are self-sealing, preventing ingress of air while
the purifier is disconnected from a gas supply.

3 3

2000 Rare Gas Purifier (Front Cover and Electronics Assembly Removed) 4 4 . MODEL MP-2000 RARE GAS PURIFIER 4 H COPPER OXIDE E F GETTER TUBE TUBE FURNACE G (Cover removed to show internal details) MOLECULAR SIEVE DRIER TUBE THERMOCOUPLES BAND HEATERS (Mounted on heatsink) HEAT EXCHANGER BLOCK C TITANIUM B GETTER TUBE A D "READY" RELAY CONTACTS Drg P1567-00 GAS INLET EMC FILTER GAS OUTLET Fig. 1 MP.

in conjunction with a knowledge of the impurity level and flow rate can be used to estimate the number of hours remaining before the tubes should be changed. the aluminium oxide powder may have absorbed some moisture. The rate at which the titanium and copper oxide are used up will depend on impurity level and flow rate. The furnace heater is rated for continuous operation at 700°C. If the purifier has been left in storage for many months. This trapped moisture is released suddenly when the heater is turned on and can cause heater failure. 5 5 . 5 The “ready” relay contacts are available at the rear of the purifier and can be used to provide a remote confirmation that the purifier is switched on and is operating at the correct temperature for purification. Never pass air. The heater element is contained within an aluminium oxide powder contained within an outer metal tube. It is very important that the user never turns the furnace on without the unit being connected to a supply of rare gas. (heater bake-out function). This time. The hot titanium will be rapidly consumed if exposed to high levels of oxygen or nitrogen. oxygen or nitrogen through the purifier when the titanium is hot. To prevent this the switches on the front panel can be set to gently bake out the heater before full power is applied. or if a replacement furnace heater is installed at a later date. As an aid to the user a digital display on the front panel indicates the number of hours the furnace has run. Further information about this is given later in the manual.

To bake out the heater prior to applying full power turn on both the REGEN and PURE switches (only necessary after long-term storage or after replacing a heater element). OF HOURS FURNACE HAS RUN REGEN: TURN ON TO START DRIER REGENERATION Fig. If neither the PURE switch nor the REGEN switch is turned on the purifier is in a stand-by state. 6 Front Panel Controls Fig. COOL: LIGHTS GREEN WHEN POWER: LIGHTS GREEN TOINDICATE FURNACE BELOW 250 °C MAINS POWER TURNED ON WAIT: LIGHTS AMBER WHILE REGEN: FLASHES AMBER WHEN FURNACE HEATING UP DRIER TUBE BEING OR COOLING DOWN REGENERATED HOT: LIGHTS GREEN WHEN FURNACE AT OPERATING TEMPERATURE PURE REGEN FAULT: LIGHTS RED AND COOL POWER AUDIBLE ALARM UNDER WAIT REGEN FAULT CONDITION HOT FAULT FURNACE HOURS PURE: TURN ON TO HEAT FURNACE UP FURNACE HOURS: INDICATES NO. When the main power switch is turned on the power led will glow green. 2 below shows the location and function of the front panel controls and indicators. 2 Note that the main power switch is located at the rear of the purifier. 6 6 .

Blue – Neutral. 7 7 . 6mm is an alternative available at time of ordering) • 1 mains lead • 1 alternative fuse draw with neutral shorted • 1 “Ready” socket connector • 2 spare fuses In addition. 7 Installation The following accessories are provided: • 2 plug-in gas connectors for ¼” or 6mm tube (1/4” is standard. It may be removed by inserting a thin-bladed electrical screwdriver into the horizontal slot on the fuse draw and levering slightly to release it. Due to the restricted access. The spare tubes should be kept safely for future use. Wire up the mains lead to a suitable mains plug (Brown – Live. Green/Yellow – Earth) If local electrical requirements stipulate that only the live line should be fused. a blade bent as shown below will most effective. The fuse draw is located below the mains switch at the rear of the purifier. See APPENDIX at rear of this manual for more information on this option. The tubes do not need to be fitted now as the purifier is supplied with these tubes already fitted. the following parts may be supplied with the purifier if ordered when purchased: • Wall mounting brackets • 2 6mm-1/4” adapters for use with 6mm tubing • Spare titanium tube and/or copper oxide tube and/or molecular sieve drier tube • Gas Side Entry Kit. remove the existing fuse draw and fuse and replace with the alternative single-pole fuse draw. as indicated in the diagram below.

Plug the mains lead and gas lines into the purifier. copper or stainless steel). If the heater has not been used for a long time. Set REGEN and PURE switches to on position and leave for 1½ hours 4. The power switch can now be turned on. 8 Verify that the electrical supply matches the voltage requirement of the purifier. If the “Ready” contacts are required for remote indication of purifier status. The tubing should be inserted fully into the gas fittings and held securely while the nut is tightened up to swage the ferrules on to the wall of the tube. but ensure that both the PURE and REGEN switches are in the off position. Do not use plastic tubing as air can diffuse through the plastic wall and contaminate the gas. Turn on mains power 2. Connect gas inlet and outlet lines to the purifier using metallic tubing (e. (say more than 3-4 months) we recommend to bake out the heater element prior to running at normal temperature (see heater bake out below). Before connecting the rare gas supply to the purifier allow some rare gas to flow to sweep out any air in the tubing. Place purifier back into service and proceed to operating instructions overleaf 8 8 . Ensure that the tube wall is free from surface scratches to ensure no leak path can exist between the ferrule and tube. Switch off REGEN and PURE switches and leave gas flowing for further ½ hour. The relay contacts close when the purifier is at the correct temperature for purification. 5. The nut should be turned 1 ¼ turns from hand tight to ensure the correct degree of ferrule compression. Refer to the serial number label or the rear panel label to confirm the operating voltage of the purifier. Note that the “Ready” relay contacts are rated at 50V dc 100mA max.g. either with a down-stream valve or by adjusting the inlet pressure. otherwise proceed to the operating instructions overleaf. Set rare gas flow to a low flow rate and divert gas flow away from downstream equipment 3. Ensure that the main power switch is turned off. Heater Bake Out 1. wire up the plug with 2-core screened lead and ensure that the screen is connected to the plug shroud. Regulate the gas supply pressure to a maximum of 17 Bar (250 psig) and regulate the flow to the required level.

9 Operating Instructions 1. While the furnace is heating up the amber WAIT led will illuminate. The amber WAIT led will illuminate and will extinguish when the furnace has cooled down. 9. 4. 10. Turn on mains power switch at rear of purifier if not already on. To turn the purifier completely off turn the mains switch at the rear of the purifier to the off position. Set inlet pressure to a maximum of 17 Bar (250 psig) and the flow rate to no more than 10 litres/minute. 2. 8. Purge gas lines before connection to purifier. 9 9 . To turn the furnace off. Alternatively the inlet and outlet gas lines may be disconnected from the purifier by unplugging the gas connection. The HOT led will light green to indicate the purifier is at the correct temperature. 3. Allow rare gas to purge the purifier for 5 minutes and then press the PURE switch to the on position. 6. To ensure that the purifier remains filled with argon it is recommended that the gas flow is stopped by shutting the outlet line while keeping the inlet gas line pressurised. 11. 7. press the PURE switch to the off position. At this stage the COOL led will illuminate green. Purified rare gas should now be flowing from the outlet. 5. At this stage the gas supply can be shut down.

Press the PURE switch to the on position and reconnect the outlet gas stream to the downstream equipment. The user should expect to be able to carry this out 500 – 1000 times before any reduction of drying capacity becomes apparent. Follow the procedure below to carry this out. 3. 10 Regeneration of Molecular Sieve Drier Tube The drier tube can be regenerated many times. 1. Adjust the rare gas flow rate to about 1 litre/minute. 10 10 . Press the REGEN switch to the off position. Press the REGEN switch to the on position. It is not necessary to wait for the furnace to cool down before proceeding to the next step. Wait a further 30 minutes while the drier tube cools down. Disconnect the outlet gas stream from the downstream equipment if you do not want the equipment to be exposed to moisture and other impurities released from the molecular sieve while it is being regenerated. 2. Wait a minimum of 3 hours for the impurities to be released 6. 7. The COOL or WAIT led will extinguish and the REGEN led will start to flash amber 5. 4. The REGEN led will extinguish and the COOL led will light green. Turn off the furnace heater by pressing the PURE switch to the off position.

Disconnect the gas and electrical supplies. 3. Allow rare gas to flow through the purifier for 5 minutes before turning on the power and pressing the PURE switch. Use two spanners. Release the gas couplings A and B as indicated in Fig. Tighten the couplings firmly. 9. 8. 1 4. 11 11 . Refer to Fig. Pull the tubes completely out of the purifier and separate them by undoing the top couplings. Place small pieces of adhesive tape over the mouth of the couplings before pulling the tubes up any further. This is to prevent any debris falling into the couplings from the furnace. 12. The tubes may still be too hot to handle so wait a little longer for the tubes to cool. 3. Do not remove the protective tapes until the tubes are close to the couplings. 3 overleaf. 5. Replace the top and front covers. Apply rare gas to the inlet to pressurise the purifier and check for any gas leak using leak detector fluid. not forgetting to re-install the earth lead on the front cover. diluted detergent will suffice. Use a strong light and a magnifying glass to inspect for small bubbles which will indicate a leak. Turn off the purifier and wait until it has cooled down as indicated by the COOL led glowing green. 6. 2. 11 Instructions to Replace Titanium and/or Copper Oxide Tubes 1. 7. one to hold the lower wrench pad and to prevent any rotational torque being applied to the bodies of the couplings. 11. Remove the top cover by releasing the screws H as indicated in Fig. Replace the tubes as required and reassemble using the steps as described in reverse sequence. Pull the titanium and copper oxide tubes upwards a little until the tubes separate from the couplings. Reconnect the purifier to the rare gas supply and electrical supply. Remove the front cover of the purifier and disconnect the earth lead attached. Alternatively operate with the purifier laying on its back so debris cannot fall into the couplings. but avoid over-tightening. If no proprietary fluid is available. 10.

12 Step 3: LIFT TUBES OUT OF PURIFIER Step 1: REMOVE TOP COVER E F G C B Step 2: RELEASE A D COUPLINGS A & B Fig. 3 Replacement of Titanium and/or Copper Oxide Tube 12 12 .

7. 9. 3. Reconnect the band heaters to the wiring loom 12. 4. Follow steps 1 to 4 as described above for changing the titanium and copper oxide tubes. Reconnect the rare gas and electrical supply. 1. 8. D and G firmly. 13 Instructions to Replace Molecular Sieve Drier Tube. 13 13 . one to hold the lower wrench pad and to prevent any rotational torque being applied to the bodies of the couplings. Unplug the band heaters from the wiring loom. Use a strong light and a magnifying glass to inspect for small bubbles that will indicate a leak. 2. Remove the two split rings retaining the drier tube within the clips by grasping the clip with pliers and rotating the ring so that the clip goes between the split part of the ring. Note the orientation of the band heaters on the tube and replace in the same fashion. Apply rare gas to the inlet to pressurise the purifier and check for any gas leak using leak detector fluid. Slide the drier tube up to disengage the tubes from the couplings. 5. To accelerate purging of the molecular sieve tube it is recommended that the REGEN be used for around 30 minutes to accelerate desorption of air from the molecular sieve. Pull the drier tube away from the clips and remove the drier tube assembly from the purifier. By rotating 360° the ring will come free. but avoid over-tightening. 11. not forgetting to re-install the earth lead on the front cover. Replace the front cover. Allow rare gas to flow for 5 minutes before turning the purifier back on. except the top cover need not be removed. Tighten the couplings C. 10. 13. The rings prevent damage that may otherwise occur while in transit. Undo the couplings C and D using two spanners. Do not tighten up the coupling G at the other end of the tube until the assembly has been installed back in the purifier. Remove the drier tube from the assembly and replace with a new drier tube. 6. diluted detergent will suffice. 4 overleaf. If no proprietary fluid is available. Refer to Fig. These rings need not be replaced unless the purifier is to be transported somewhere. 14.

4 Replacement of Molecular Sieve Drier Tube 14 14 . 14 E F REMOVE SPLIT G RINGS C RELEASE COUPLINGS B D C AND D A Fig.

In practice the tube life is likely to be longer by up to 50% of this calculation. Molecular sieve drier tube: The formula assumes the molecular sieve has undergone a large number of regenerations and as a result its capacity has reduced by 65%. 15 Guide to Calculating Purifier Tube Life The lifetime of all three purifier tubes can be estimated by the following formula: T = 100. This is a worst case scenario.000 Fx V Where T = Lifetime in hours F = Flow rate in litres/minute For the titanium tube: V = Oxygen plus nitrogen impurity level in vpm (volumes per million) For the copper oxide tube V = Hydrogen plus carbon monoxide plus hydrocarbon impurity level in vpm For the molecular sieve drier tube V = Hydrogen plus hydrocarbon plus moisture level in vpm Example: F = 2 litres/minute V = 15 vpm T = 3333 hours Assumptions: Titanium tube: The formula assumes a 50% consumption of the titanium and a 1:1 ratio for the chemical reaction (worst case for nitrogen). A 25% safety margin is added also. 15 15 . Copper oxide tube: The formula assumes a 50% consumption of the copper oxide and an average 2:1 ratio (CuO:impurity) for the chemical reaction. especially if the hydrocarbon impurity level is low. The lifetime of the tube will probably be longer than the calculation indicates.

Check the furnace heater resistance to confirm this. First action should be to check the integrity of the thermocouples. If this fails to correct the situation. try using the REGEN facility to regenerate the molecular sieve drier tube. The REGEN switch has been pressed in error. If both thermocouples are OK the fault will be with the power control circuit and the control panel should be replaced or returned for servicing. In this case the WAIT led will still be on and the HOT led will have failed to light. The FAULT indicator can be reset by turning the PURE switch off which will put the purifier into stand-by mode. If none of these conditions apply. under one of the conditions listed below. Impure gas Impure gas is not necessarily a fault condition. however. In this case the drier will be regenerating and giving off impurities and the purifier furnace will be cold. 16 Fault Condition The front panel FAULT led will light red and the audible alarm will sound to indicate any of the following problems:- Furnace temperature has gone above normal operating temperature. The fault detection circuit will shut down power to the furnace and turn off the COOL. One of the thermocouples has gone short circuit. If the molecular sieve drier tube has undergone more than 500 regenerations. It may indicate that one of the purifier tubes may need changing. Note that the 230V model heater should measure around 65 ohms and the 110V model heater should be around 14 ohms. causing the furnace to cool down (equivalent to heater bake-out mode) The REGEN switch has been pressed instead of the PURE switch. consider replacing this tube also. Impure gas may arise. consider replacement of the titanium and copper oxide tubes. The furnace heater has gone open circuit. 16 16 . WAIT and HOT leds as these indicators may not be reliable under a fault condition.

15. Remove the titanium and copper oxide tubes as described in the procedure for replacing these tubes (steps 6 &7) 8. Unscrew the side face of the furnace that supports the heater and pull the panel out from the body of the furnace. 11. Replace the furnace top covers and reinstall the assembly within the enclosure 16. Adjust the positions of the thermocouples so they are in contact with the furnace heater. 7. 12. Refer to Fig. Unscrew the front face of the furnace (screws A in Fig. 5 overleaf while following these instructions. 4. Re-install the control panel assembly and electrical connections. Remove several layers of the ceramic fibre to expose the furnace heater. Turn off the purifier and wait for it to cool down if the furnace is still hot (it probably will be cold as the heater will probably have failed – unless the heater is being replaced as part of a preventative maintenance program) 2. 17 Replacement of Furnace Heater The furnace heater has a finite life and the user can expect to have to change it at some stage during the operational life of the purifier. but do not come into contact with the titanium tube. Remove the control panel from the purifier by unscrewing the supporting screws at the base of the purifier and disconnecting the connecting wiring loom and earth wires. 1. 17 17 . 3. Disconnect the gas and electrical supply to the purifier. Note: Use a dust mask and gloves when handling the ceramic fibre. (Labelled “X” in Fig . Undo the 6 M6 nuts securing the purifier assembly to the enclosure. Recheck that the thermocouples are in contact with the heater and then replace the ceramic fibre insulation. 5) and remove the insulating panel and metal plate below. 10. 9. Re-mount the side panel assembly 13. Re-insert the titanium and copper oxide tubes and tighten up the gas connections 14. The following instructions describe how to do this. Remove the front cover. 5. Lift out the assembly.1) 6. Mount a new furnace heater on the side panel.

with gas diverted away from downstream equipment. Leave for 1½ hours. Replace the enclosure front panel. 18. Set rare gas flowing at a slow rate (say 50-100 cc/min). Put purifier back into service. Use a strong light and a magnifying glass to inspect for small bubbles which will indicate a leak. 21. Reconnect the rare gas and electrical supplies. diluted detergent will suffice. 22. 18 17. Press the PURE and the REGEN switches to the on position. Apply rare gas to the inlet to pressurise the purifier and check for any gas leak using leak detector fluid. 20. 18 18 . If no proprietary fluid is available. Switch REGEN and PURE switches to off position and allow gas to flow for a further ½ hour. This will bake out the heater and release any moisture that may be trapped. 23. not forgetting to re-install the earth lead on the front cover 19.

REMOVE TITANIUM AND 19 COPPER OXIDE TUBES UNSCREW 4 SCREWS 'A' AND REMOVE COVER AND METAL COVER BELOW F A A E A A COPPER OXIDE TUBE SLEEVE REMOVE LAYERS OF CERAMIC WOOL INSULATION TO EXPOSE FURNACE HEATER & THERMOCOUPLES (N.B. 5 Replacement of Furnace Heater 19 19 . 5 Fig. USE FACE MASK & GLOVES !) REMOVE 4 SCREWS ON SIDE FACE TO RELEASE SIDE PANEL HOLDING FURNACE HEATER REMOVE FURNACE HEATER ON SIDE PANEL REMOVAL & REPLACEMENT OF FURNACE HEATER FIG.

R12 and R13 [R10. when set to 230 they are wired in series. Its wide initial tolerance (for this application) requires VR2 and R57 for final adjustment. 7. An additional selector switch SW4 controls the wiring for the REGEN heaters.000 V from this output. R14 and R15]. The following description of the circuit will aid troubleshooting. VR1 is set at initial test to give -5. R9. Reference U15 is a precision reference voltage generator. A mains selector switch SW3 controls the transformer primary connections for either 230 Vac or 115 Vac supplies. In this circuit it will indicate about 6 °C low at 300 °C 20 20 . Circuit references that apply to the second channel are given in [] brackets. The contact closure for remote indication of ‘HOT’ is available on PL3. between which is situated a thermistor cold junction sensor. one for each thermocouple. U12 is used to generate the equivalent negative reference voltage. It is configured as a unity gain invertor with R48 and R60 controlling the gain. smoothing and regulation. FS1 protects the low power control circuit. A type K thermocouple has a non-linear output with temperature. Using 0. The thermocouple input is filtered by R2 and C1 [R3 and C2] before being applied to the non- inverting input of U1 [U2].1% resistors and a precision amplifier keeps the positive reference voltage at +5. Thermocouple connections are made via two screw terminal blocks ST1 and ST2. Only one is described. Connections All mains supplies and heater connections are made via PCB mounted connector PL1.010 V. R11. an additional cable and earth tag soldered to GP1 is provided to ensure that the PCB ground is connected to the bracket. A 100 mA A/S fuse is fitted for 230 Vac. U14 provides a regulated -12 Vdc rail.000 V ±0. Power Supplies The power supply has a conventional format with a mains transformer. rectification. When set to 115 they are wired in parallel. 6 and a circuit diagram in Fig. The elapsed timer connections are available on PL2. Although an earth connection is present on PL1. Preamplifiers There are two identical amplifiers.. The amplifier gain is nominally set by R18 and R16 [R19 and R17] although it is also slightly affected by R8. and 160 mA A/S fuse for 115 Vac operation. The gain is set for maximum accuracy around the 700 °C area giving a +5 mV/°C output. U13 provides a regulated +12 Vdc rail. 20 Electronic control panel The component layout of the printed circuit board is shown in Fig.

21 Fig. 6 Component Layout 21 21 .

22 Fig. 7 Circuit Diagram 22 22 .

00 V at 25 °C and varies at -0. Precision 0. Proportional controller Error Amplifier U3 is an inverting error amplifier designed to amplify the difference between the average of the two thermocouples and a set point. The adjustment voltage is available on SKT1 to allow determination of the amount of adjustment added. R36 and C9 all control the oscillator frequency which is set to a nominal 0. The positive inputs via R20 and R21 are combined with the negative reference from R22 (or R23) and the difference is amplified with a gain of about 66. The accuracy of the set point is governed by the value and accuracy of R22 (or R23). The approximate change in set point is 5 °C/V allowing a ±25 °C adjustment. R = 50000000 The required resistor value for any set point (°C) can be calculated from Setpoint . R34 and R35 control the amplitude which is set for a nominal ±8. The output is nominally 0. The range of adjustment has been set to cover the proportional band.1 V/°C.1% resistors are used which allows the set point to be within ±7 °C of any required value. R35. R6 and R7 [R4] provide a slight positive bias to ensure that an open circuit thermocouple input will produce an output equivalent to >1000 °C which will trip the alarm circuits. R34. The accuracy required for burn-in is not critical and a 1% resistor is used. This output is subtracted from the amplified thermocouple signal by R8 and R9 [R10 and R11].7 s Period).7 Vp level.sets a burn-in temperature when both REGEN and PURE switches are on at the same time). The output varies by -0. The square wave output from U6/7 is gated with the FAULT and REGEN outputs to create a modulated warning.37 Hz (2. 23 G1 is a precision bead thermistor arranged as a single arm bridge across the two reference supplies. R5. Ramp Generator U6 is configured as a triangular wave oscillator.33 V/°C error and limits at the supply rails. An adjustment facility is provided by VR1. 23 23 . It also is non-linear and produces an error of about ±1 °C over the ambient range -10 to +50 °C. R24 and R25. The set point is chosen by the position of the REGEN switch to be either 685 °C (REGEN off) or 150 °C (REGEN on . Because the output is zero at 25 °C an additional subtraction is made by R12 and R13 [R14 and R15] to give a fully corrected output T1 [T2].

37 Hz changing its on:off ratio proportionally with the error. gas flow rate. 24 24 . E. The forward slash symbol (/) is used to denote the logical NOT function. R48 and R49 and are interactive. Mains drive U5 and Q1 provide the conversion from the proportional band output (U4) to an isolated mains drive. Safety Two relays are used to isolate the mains from the heaters. The output is high (power off) when the output from the error amplifier is lower than the ramp (temperature too hot). U7d uses the mean of the two thermocouple pre-amplifiers to detect the low threshold (LT) of 279°C below which the gas can be disconnected. These two thresholds are set by R47. An assumption has been made that the correct power to maintain temperature will occur when the error amplifier output is zero. As mains. The relays are driven between the - 12 V to +12 V rails to balance and minimise the current demand Threshold1 U7 is a quad comparator used to detect the various threshold levels required for control of the status indicators and fault conditions. /LIMIT means LIMIT is true when its voltage level is low. Mains drive U5 is an opto-isolated triac designed to interface with the power triac U5. ±21. Drive to the internal LED cannot occur until the PURE switch is on when EN1 and EN2 are connected together. R39 and C10 are suppression components.g.5 °C from nominal). When the output from the error amplifier is within the ±8. RLY2 allows mains to go to the regen heaters when the REGEN switch is set. The threshold is set by R44 and R45. and ambient temperature vary. 24 Proportional Band U4 is a comparator with inputs from the ramp generator and the error amplifier.7 Vp ramp level the output will cycle at 0. The gain has been set so that the variation from zero to full power requires a variation of 53 °C in the set point (i. U7c uses the mean of the two thermocouple pre-amplifiers to detect the high threshold (/HT) of 651 °C above which the purifier will be working. the actual temperature required to balance heat input against heat loss will vary. and low (power on) when the output from the error amplifier is higher than the ramp (temperature too cold). gas input temperature.e. U7a and U7b set /LIMIT if either thermocouple pre- amplifier registers a temperature over 751 °C. RLY1 removes mains from both the purifier heater and the regen heaters if the fault condition exists.

If both regen and pure switches are on (burn- in) the timer will still be on. HOT will be true when the high threshold is reached (/HT true) and FAULT is false and REGEN is false. FAULT will be false during normal operation. buzzer. This ensures that the fault condition can always be turned off by setting the pure switch off. relays. TIMER This output controls power to the elapsed timer. It will go true when /LIMIT is true and the pure switch is on (/PURE true). It will stay latched false if the pure switch is on (/PURE true) and /LIMIT goes false. 25 25 . It controls the mains supply to both heaters. and timer. 25 Logic U8. U9 and U10 are CMOS logic gates running between the -12 V and 0 V rails. the primary mains switch. It will go false if REGEN or FAULT go true. It will always return false if /PURE is false. They provide the combinatorial logic necessary for controlling the status LEDs. RELAY This output controls RLY2. It will change to true if /LIMIT is false and the pure switch is off (/PURE false). TIMER will be true when the pure switch is on (/PURE true) and there is no fault condition (FAULT false). The high voltage increases the noise immunity over 5 V logic and does not require additional supplies. At all other times TIMER will be false. Both are always on or off at the same time. HOT This output controls the HOT LED. It will stay true after /LIMIT goes false provided that /PURE is still true. The position of the regen switch has no effect. It also ensures that power will not be re-applied until the pure switch has been set off after the limit condition has been detected or if the mains supply has been removed and re-instated. Note that power to the heaters will not be applied until the /LIMIT condition is false even if the pure switch is off (see RELAY). RELAY will be false while /LIMIT is true. This ensures that no power can be applied to the heaters while the purifier temperature exceeds its limit no matter what state the pure switch is in. FAULT This output controls the FAULT LED and the buzzer.

Drivers All LED. The LED. relay and buzzer drivers (Q2-9) are N channel MOSFETs. the relay returns are +12 V. Q6 and Q9 are gated with the ramp square wave output.C. Q8 is driven directly from the regen switch. COOL This output controls the COOL LED. 26 WAIT This output controls the WAIT LED. It will go false if REGEN or FAULT go true. voltage from U12 ERROR: Amplified voltage difference between thermocouple and set points (set point is 685° with REGEN off and 150°C with REGEN on) ADJUST: Voltage added to thermocouple signal to bias signal to error amplifier (gives +/. COOL will be true when the high threshold is reached (/HT true) and FAULT is false and REGEN is false. It will go false if HOT or COOL or FAULT or REGEN go true. I. U11 -REF: Output of ref. buzzer and elapsed timer returns are 0 V.25°C swing to temperature set point) AVERAGE: Voltage average of T1 and T2 26 26 . WAIT will be true when HOT is false and COOL is false and FAULT is false and REGEN is false. Test Points Edge of pcb +REF 1 2 -REF CJC 3 4 T1 T2 5 6 AVERAGE ERROR 7 8 ADJUST EN2 9 10 TGND T1 & T2: Output of thermocouple preamplifiers +REF: Output of voltage ref. They are all referenced to the -12 V rail and the gates are driven to 0 V to turn them on. All others are driven from logic gates.

conducting) when pressure is lower than the required limit Pin 3: Ground Note that neither Pin 1 nor Pin2 are at 0V. It is connected to PL5 as follows: Pin 1: Power Pin 2: Output 1 Set so output is on (i.C.1V/°C where output at 25°C =0. Approx 0. Near set point EN2 should ramp up & down about every 2 ½ secs. 27 EN2: Output of proportional band comparator I. 27 27 .e. Note also that heat sinks are fitted to U13 and U14 if the pressure switch option is present. The alarm will sound.0V OPTIONAL FEATURES Pressure Switch The purifier may we supplied with a pressure switch which turns off the furnace if the inlet gas pressure falls below a set value. The pressure switch supplied has an electronic switch with an NPN output interface. A short from either if these pins to ground may result in power supply failure When pressure falls below the set limit the purifier is placed in FAULT mode and power to the furnace heater will be cut. The operator must check the pressure displayed by the pressure switch to see if the fault is a genuine fault condition or due to the inlet pressure being too low. U4. CJC: Output of thermistor.

Service Sircal Instruments may be contacted at the address below if you have any problems with the use of this purifier: SIRCAL INSTRUMENTS (UK) LTD TEL: +44 (0)20 8642 3022 27 CAMBORNE ROAD FAX: +44 (0)20 8770 2045 SUTTON EMAIL: sircaluk@aol. i. 28 Warranty and Service Warranty • Electronic control panel 24 months against electrical failure • Band heaters 24 months against electrical failure • Thermocouples 24 months against electrical failure • Furnace heater 12 months against electrical failure • Titanium tube 12 months against leakage only • Copper oxide tube 12 months against leakage only • Molecular sieve tube 12 months against leakage only The titanium. copper oxide and molecular sieve tube are consumable items.uk UNITED KINGDOM SM2 6RJ 28 28 . Tube lifetime is excluded from the terms of the warranty as SIRCAL has no control over their conditions of use SIRCAL undertakes to repair and return purifiers free of charge when the failed parts are within the specified warranty periods listed above.sircal.com SURREY WEB: www. leak tightness of welded joints.e.co. The warranty on these tubes is restricted to physical integrity.

29 29 . Titanium Tube MP2000/TMT/01 Copper Oxide Tube MP2000/CRT/01 Molecular Sieve Tube MP2000/MST/01 Furnace Heater 230V MP2000/FH/230/01 Furnace Heater 110V MP2000/FH/110/01 Band Heater MP2000/BH/01 Control Panel Assembly MP2000/CPNL/01 Thermocouple MP2000/TC/01 Mains Fuse (230V model) MP2000/FS/230 Mains Fuse (110V model) MP2000/FS/110 PCB Fuse (230v model) MP2000/PCBF/230 PCB Fuse (110V model) MP2000/PCBF/110 Male Quick-Connect Coupling (for ¼” tube) MP2000/MQC/1/4 ¼” to 6 mm Tube Adapter MP2000/TA Gas Side Entry Kit Type F MP2000/SEK/F/01 Note 1 Gas Side Entry Kit Type C MP2000/SEK/C/01 Note 2 Wall Mounting Bracket MP2000/WMB/01 Note 1 Factory fitted design – not for use in field on standard MP2000 purifier Note 2 designed for customer fitting to standard MP2000 purifier Always quote the serial number of the purifier when ordering spares. 29 Spare Parts List Spare Part Part No.

The Type F Side Entry Kit is only provided in combination with a special version of the MP2000 purifier (designated MP2000-SE). Side Entry Kit Type F Side Entry Kit Type C 30 30 . In both types two Quick-Connect gas connectors are mounted on a bracket on the left hand side of the purifier. The Type C is also the more expensive option as it entails the use of 4 Quick- Connect gas bulkhead connectors rather than two in the type F kit. whereas the Type F kit can only be used on a specially ordered MP2000-SE purifier. The Type C kit has the advantage. In the MP2000-SE the rear Quick-Connect gas connectors are replaced by simple inlet bulkhead connectors. or where on old version Sircal Rare Gas Purifier is being replaced with the new MP2000 model and the user wants to use the gas inlet and outlet pipes set up without any additional re-piping work. Two versions of the kit are available. The Type F kit has a lower profile than the Type C kit. of being adaptable to the standard MP2000 purifier. The MP2000 with a Type F kit can be placed almost flush against a rear wall. whereas the MP2000 fitted with a type C kit will require an additional 50mm of space to accommodate the bends of the tubes. The Type C Side Entry Kit is designed for use on a standard MP2000 purifier and can be fitted by the user at any time. 30 APPENDIX Accessories Gas Side Entry Kits A gas side entry kit is available as an optional extra for users who have restricted access to the rear of the purifier. however.

31 31 31 .