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# Civil Engineering :: Water Resources

Engineering
1. Water contains
A. one hydrogen atom and one oxygen atom
B. two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom
C.one hydrogen atom and two oxygen atoms
D.three hydrogen atoms and two oxygen atoms
E. two hydrogen atoms and three oxygen atoms.

2. Unit Hydrograph theory was enunciated by
A. Merril Bernard
B. W.W. Horner
C.Le-Roy K. Shermen
D.Robert E. Horten.

3. The theory of infiltration capacity was given by
A. Merrill Bernard
B. W.W. Horner
C.Le-Roy K. Shermen
D.Robert E. Horten.

4. Hydrology helps in
A. predicting maximum flows
B. deciding the minimum reservoir capacity
C.forecasting the availability of quantity of water at reservoir site
D.predicting the effects on the river water level on completion of dams
E. all the above.

5. Pick up the correct statement from the following :
A. Rivers, lakes, oceans and springs get water from the rains
B. Rain water is obtained by evaporation from rivers, lakes and oceans
C.Water remains in atmosphere as vapours
Hydrologic cycle is a continuous process of evaporation and precipitation of water
D.
in atmosphere
E. all the above.

6. Pick up the correct statement from the following :
Rain which is intercepted by buildings, vegetations and other objects, is generally
A.
known as rainfall interception
The difference between the total rainfall and intercepted rainfall, is generally
B.
called ground rainfall
When rainfall exceeds the interception rainfall, water reaches the ground and
C.
infiltration starts
The maximum rate of absorbing water by the soil in any given condition, is known
D.
as infiltration capacity
E. All the above.

7. The surface Run-off is the quantity of water
A. absorbed by soil
B. intercepted by buildings and vegetative cover
C.required to fill surface depressions
D.that reaches the stream channels
E. that gets evaporated.

8. Pick up the correct equation from the following :
A. Run off = Surface run off + Ground water flow
B. Run off = Surface run off - Ground water flow
C.Run off = Surface run off / Ground water flow
D.Run off = Surface run off x Ground water flow.

9. Infiltration capacity of soil depends upon
A. number of voids present in the soil
B. shape and size of soil particles
C.arrangement of soil particles
D.compaction of the soil particles
E. all the above.

10. Pick up the correct statement from the following :
When rainfall rate exceeds the infiltration capacity, the water enters the soil at full
A.
capacity rate
When rainfall rate is less than the infiltration capacity, the infiltration rate is
B.
approximately equal to the rainfall rate
The actual infiltration rate at any time may be equal to or less than the infiltration
C.
capacity
The actual prevailing rate of infiltration of water in the soil at any time, is known as
D.
infiltration rate
E. All the above.

6. Pick up the correct statement from the following :
Rain which is intercepted by buildings, vegetations and other objects, is generally
A.
known as rainfall interception
The difference between the total rainfall and intercepted rainfall, is generally
B.
called ground rainfall
When rainfall exceeds the interception rainfall, water reaches the ground and
C.
infiltration starts
The maximum rate of absorbing water by the soil in any given condition, is known
D.
as infiltration capacity
E. All the above.

7. The surface Run-off is the quantity of water
A. absorbed by soil
B. intercepted by buildings and vegetative cover
C.required to fill surface depressions
D.that reaches the stream channels
E. that gets evaporated.

8. Pick up the correct equation from the following :
A. Run off = Surface run off + Ground water flow
B. Run off = Surface run off - Ground water flow
C.Run off = Surface run off / Ground water flow
D.Run off = Surface run off x Ground water flow.

9. Infiltration capacity of soil depends upon
A. number of voids present in the soil
B. shape and size of soil particles
C.arrangement of soil particles
D.compaction of the soil particles
E. all the above.

10. Pick up the correct statement from the following :
When rainfall rate exceeds the infiltration capacity, the water enters the soil at full
A.
capacity rate
When rainfall rate is less than the infiltration capacity, the infiltration rate is
B.
approximately equal to the rainfall rate
The actual infiltration rate at any time may be equal to or less than the infiltration
C.
capacity
The actual prevailing rate of infiltration of water in the soil at any time, is known as
D.
infiltration rate
E. All the above.

Answer: Option C 21.float recording type D. Answer: Option A 19. is A.lesser for small rain drops. Answer: Option C 18.greater for large drops D. is called A. B. greater for lighter rain C.16. convective precipitation C. The deficiency in rain catch due to vertical acceleration of air forced upward over the gauge. greater for heavy rain B.M. D. sine of the angle of inclination with vertical . 10 cm B. weighing type B. In India the recording type rain gauge generally used. Precipitation caused by lifting of an air mass due to the pressure difference. its measurement is reduced by multiplying A.is sometimes called integrating rain gauge or continuous rain gauge D. Answer: Option A 17.M. 12 Noon C. Answer: Option D 20. records the cumulative rain C. 8 A. tipping type C.8 P. If a gauge is installed perpendicular to the slope. is A. A recording type rain gauge A.M.30 cm D.4 P.orographic precipitation D. In India.none of these. The standard height of a standard rain gauge.50 cm. 20 cm C. Answer: Option B 22.all the above. rain fall is generally recorded at A. produces a mass curve of rain fall B. is A.none of these. cyclonic precipitation B.

Answer: Option E 25. While calculating the average depth of annual precipitation in a catchment basin.None of these. both (b) and (c). It is known as A.depth is equal to critical depth D.none of these.by increasing the width of the channel E. A hydraulic jump in a control meter will be formed above the control.both (a) and (b) E.calibration coefficient of the gauge.General method D. Answer: Option A . both (a) and (c) of above. Arithmetical method B. cosine of the angle of inclination with vertical C.Isohyetal method D.Isohyetal method D. For determination of average annual precipitation in a catchment basin. Prof. Running suggested the method for extending the discharge curve. by lowering the bottom of the channel C. Logarithmic method B. depth is more than critical depth B. B. Thiessen's mean method C. Thiessen's mean method C.tangent of the angle of inclination with vertical D. Arithmetical method B. Answer: Option C 24. the best method is A. importance to individual raingauge station is given in A. depth is less than the critical depth C. The critical depth in a channel can be produced A. if its original A.by decreasing the width of the channel D. Answer: Option B 23. Answer: Option B 7. y method C.None of these. by raising the bottom of the channel B. Answer: Option E 26.

Precipitation .initial recharge. Initial recharge + ground water accretion + precipitation B. 2 hours B. 3 C. the distance of the critical point is 20 km and difference in elevation is 193 m. 0. is A. The over land flow time. Precipitation + ground water accretion + initial recharge C.rain absorbed by the moisture deficiency D. For computing the run off volumes of large areas. 3 hours C. depression storage C. 0.0.2 y C.4 D.3 hours and 30 minutes E. Answer: Option D 32. 0.5 y E. Answer: Option E 29. The run off is affected by A. Answer: Option D 31. Answer: Option E . The run off a drainage basin is A.5 Answer: Option A 33. From the Survey of India map. The initial basin recharge is equal to A. number of infiltrations used are A. 4 hours. type of precipitation B. rain intensity and duration of rainfall C.0. then the mean velocity is A.2 hours and 30 minutes D. If y is the depth of water at any section.6 y.1 y B. 2 B. interception B.3 y D. Answer: Option E 30.rain distribution and soil moisture deficiency D.all the above.28.direction of prevailing storm E.Precipitation . all the above.ground water accretion .ground water accretion + initial recharge D.

4 Answer: Option E 35. If s is the potential infiltration. B. If the potential infiltration of a water shed having a soil with fair pasture cover. The quantity of water retained by the sub-soil against gravity. is governed by the Darcy's law D.The term 'transmissibility' was introduced by Meinzer .3 E. yield B. the direct run off is : A. Answer: Option C 36. is known A.2 D. is called coefficient of permeability The rate of flow of water through a vertical strip of the acquifer of unit width and B. C.specific yield D. 1 C. 3 cm C.5 B. porosity C. is called coefficient of transmissibility C. is 10 cm and rainfall is 12 cm.8 cm.5 cm D. 0.34.specific retention E.The flow of water through acquifers. Pick up the incorrect statement from the following : The rate of flow of water through a unit cross-sectional area under a unit hydraulic A. the direct run off Q in cm is given by A. gradient. Answer: Option D 38. none of these. Answer: Option C 37. P is rainfall in cm in a drainage of a soil with fair pasture cover. full depth under a unit hydraulic gradient. the ordinates of a unit hydrograph may be obtained by dividing the ordinates of the storm hydrograph by A. If the area of storm hydrograph is equal to 102 cm. 2 cm B. D.

is equal E.The well has been sunk up to the surface of the unconfined aquifer E.25 m/day B. the effective size of soil particles in acquifer is 0. The aquifer is homogeneous and isotropic B.50 m/day C. Answer: Option D 42. None of these.25 m/day. Meinzer's formula B. 1.1. water table C. the Slitcher's constant is 400. Answer: Option E 41.Darcy's formula D.75 m/day D. Flow lines are radial and horizontal C. 0. Answer: Option B 40. Answer: Option D 39. 0. Slichter's formula C.00.5 mm and hydraulic gradient is 1 in 80. to the depth of acquifer through which water flows. Answer: Option D . If the viscosity of ground water is 1. In the derivation of Thiem's formula . the velocity of flow is A.Hazen's formula. The ratio of coefficient of transmissibility and coefficient of permeability. Pick up the correct statement from the following : A. It is known as A. the equation is used for determining the velocity of ground water flow in metres per day.0. the following assumption is not applicable A. Perched aquifer is found in unconfined aquifer The top surface of the water held in the perched aquifer. With the usual meanings ofletters.The slope of the water surface is too small D.Perched aquifer is formed in unfined accquifer if an impervious layer exists D.00 m/day E. is known as perched B.All the above.

P.485 m2/minute E.60 C. the formula used is A.S.5 m and in a well 20 m away water is lowered by 1.771 (1. The efficiency of a pump may be taken as A. For the estimate of high floods in fan-shaped catchment.all the above. the water level in a test well at a distance of 80 m is lowered by 0.K.70 Answer: Option C 46.K. D. formula in M. Answer: Option A 48. After 24 hours of pumping at 31.1. 1.43. slotted type tube wells C.465 - 0.evaporation D. Consumptive use of a crop during growth.55 B. is A.44 . 1.00732 B) (0. Ryve's formula C.pa).P. The transmissibility of the auifer.Inglis formula D. Dicken's formula B.0.285 m2/minute C. Roohwer's. 1. interception B.Dalton's formula in M.585 m2/minute.0. cavity type tube wells B.strainer type tube wells D. transpiration C.0 m. Shrouding is provided in A.S.185 m2/minute B.007375 V) (pe .Dalton's formula in F.65 D. the equation is given by A. Answer: Option B 45. Answer: Option C 44. For calculating the evaporation rate over a reservoir surface E = 0.385 m2/minute D.40 litres/minute. 0.none of these.1.perforated type tube wells. B.S. is the amount of A. Roohwer's formula in F. Answer: Option C . A well penetrates to 30 m below the static water table.0. C. 0. Answer: Option D 47.S.

rain water B.all the above. all the above.surface and underground water E. soil moisture C. The infiltration capacity during rain storm. Answer: Option E .all the above. flood water. Answer: Option D 5. residual rain C.vapours D.washing of fine particles E. Answer: Option C 4. Answer: Option D 3.49. Hydrology is the science which deals with A.rain in the net supply interval D. run off and drainage area C.rain fall D.drainage area. The surface run off is due to A. Answer: Option D 2.compaction due to rain D. liquid B. Hydrograph is a graphical representation of A. none of these. surface detention B. rainfall and drainage area B. initial rain B. Answer: Option C 1. is considerably reduced due to A. Burge formula cumecs is based upon A. surface run off B.drainage area and its shape D. river water C.discharge flowing in the river E. solid C. ground water flow C.sea water D. In nature water may occur as A.

rain B. Cyclonic precipitation caused by a warm front is generally continuous Convective precipitation generally occurs in the form of showers of high intensity in C. The polythene bottles are used for collecting rain water and.are generally used in hilly terrain D. snow C. short duration D.hail D. Precipitation includes A. Rain simulators are used for the determination of A.Greatest amount of orographic precipitation falls in the windward side of the barrier E. Answer: Option D 7. cm area. Answer: Option B 10.run off D.100 or 200 sq.infiltration capacity E. precipitation C. Answer: Option D 8. cm area C. 50 or 100 sq.10 litres . 2 litres B.are cylindrical in shape. All the above. Central portion of a cyclone acts as a chimney through which air gets lifted B. evaporation B. Pick up the correct statement from the following : A.all of these. Non-recording rain gauges A. 4 litres C.6. cm area B. their capacities is A. collect the rain whose volume is measured by means of graduated cylinders collect the rain which is directly measured by means of graduated cylinders in B. cm area D. Indian Meteorological department uses the standard gauges whose collectors have apertures of A. Answer: Option E 9. 100 or 150 sq. Answer: Option C 11. none of these.250 or 500 sq. centimetres of water depth C.

20 years C. height C. The intensity of rain is the rate at which it falls B.all the above. Answer: Option D 17. Answer: Option D 12.25 years D. Answer: Option E 15. Isohytes are the imaginary lines joining the points of equal A.float recording gauge D. Answer: Option D 13. 15 years B. The rainfall at any place is described by A.all the above. The duration of rain is the time for which it falls with a given intensity .non-recording gauge.Index of wetness gives an idea of the wetness of the year If the rainfall in a year is approximately equal to the annual average value. The rainfall cycle period in India is taken as A. weighing type gauge C. D. its duration C. particular year is said to be an average year E.30 years E. pressure B. period of 35 years C. Normal annual rainfall is obtained by taking the mean of the annual rainfall over a B. Answer: Option E 14. the D.its frequency D. tipping-bucket gauge B. Pick up the correct statement from the following : A. Symon's rain gauge is A. All the above. Answer: Option D 16.humidity D. Pick up the correct statement from the following : A. 35 years.rainfall. its intensity B.

sub-surface float. All the above.surface float D. may be obtained by taking the average of the readings of a current meter at a depth of A.The frequency of rain is the number of times. Answer: Option B . The best instrument for measuring the velocity of a stream flow is A.3 h and 0.river is of any type D. Answer: Option B 22. the average annual precipitation A.Both (a) and (b). Pick up the incorrect statement from the following : At two meteorologically homogeneous stations.All the above. 0. Answer: Option D 18.4 h and 0. Pick up the correct statement from the following : A.8 h C.Neither (a) nor (b) D. if falls D.9 h B. cross section of river is uniform B. is same If the average annual precipitation at two places is same these are B.0. The throat of the section of a control meter is either rectangular or trapezoidal B. pitot tube B. C.The floor of the expanding outlet of the control meter is given a steep slope A properly designed control meter is associated with the phenomena of hydraulic D. The floor of the control meter throat is almost level C. Discharge curve may be extended by logarithmic method if A.6 h.1 h and 0. The average mean velocity of a stream having depth h. Answer: Option E 20. river is broader and shallower C. Answer: Option B 19.none of these. meteorologically homogeneous stations C. Answer: Option A 21. Price's current meter C.7 h D. jump E.0.2 h and 0. 0.

The time required by rain water to reach the outlet of drainage basin. type of the ground surface C. time of concentration B. its compactness coefficient. 6 Answer: Option 24. is A.5 E. D. is affected by A. is A.concentration time of overland flow D. Answer: Option C 25. time of overland flow C.length of the flow path D. Time of overland flow. If the velocities of flow of a stream of 10 m depth recorded by a current meter at depths of 2 m and 8 m are 0. 3 C. C.23. If P and A are the perimeter and area of a drainage basin. 2 B. slope of the basin B.4 D.duration of the rainfall E.3 m respectively. is generally called A. none of these. B. Answer: Option D . the discharge per unit width of the stream in cubic metres. Answer: Option A 26.all the above.7 m and 0.

From the pattern of the rainfall shown in the below figure. Answer: Option B 28. 2 cm B. The rate of rainfall for successive 10 minute periods of a 60 minute duration storm.5 cm. are shown in the below figure. the run off will be A. the total precipitation is A. 3 cm C.27.4 cm D. 4 cm . If the value of φindex is 3 cm/hour.

B. the value of Windex is A.5 cm C.2.5. C. 4. 2 cm/hour C. 1. Izzard formula for the time of concentration in minutes for the plots having no channels. Answer: Option A . 6 cm. Answer: Option C 30.5 cm/hour D.5 cm/hour B. Answer: Option D 29. is (where Lo is the length of overland flow in metres and Kp rainfall intensity in cm/hour) A. B. D.5 cm E.2 cm/hour.5 cm D. From the data of the rain storm shown in the below figure.

Water in the zone of saturation. is equal to basin lag divided by A. Pick up the correct statement from the following : A. run off hydrographs of other storms of like durations D. All the above. remains under hydrostatic pressure E. Pick up the correct statement from the following : A. 3 C. is called zone of saturation B.25 mm D.31. 15 mm B. 20 mm C. y = 100 Q C. specific retention decreases C.5 Answer: Option C 34. The zone below water table.y = 150 Q D. surface area decreases B.4 D. The best unit period of a unit hydrograph.30 mm. is called ground water D. 2 B. The specified duration of unit hydrograph. A unit hydrograph is a hydrograph of a rain storm of a specified duration resulting from a run-off of A. the ordinate of Bernard's distribution graph. Answer: Option B 32.y = 200 Q E. is theoretically infinite E. The rain during specified duration. All the above. y = 50 Q B. is called unit storm A unit hydrograph for a particular unit duration may be utilised for evaluating the C.The number of unit hydrographs for a given basin. Answer: Option E 36.specific yield increases . is called zone of aeration C. may be calculated by the formula (where Q is the discharge in cumecs at the given time) A. If the grain size of soil increases A. y = 250 Q Answer: Option E 35.The water which exists in the zone of saturation. The zone above water table. is called unit duration B. Answer: Option E 33.8 cm. If total run off of a basin of 50 hectares is 0.

Darcy's formula D. water. acquifer The ordinary gravity wells which supply water from the top most water bearing C.Hazen formula. D. all the above. Answer: Option D 38. Answer: Option E 37. Answer: Option E 39. C. is known as an A. Assuming the coefficient of transmissibility of the soil as T. strata. Meinzer's formula B. are called water table wells A permeable stratum which is capable to yield appreciate quantities of ground D. the discharge Q may be given by A. Slichter's formula C. is known as non-artesion B. While determining the yield of a gravity well by pumping. B. D. The equation which is used for determining the velocity of ground water flow in metres per day is known as A. aquiclude The top most water bearing strata having no acquifer. Pick up the correct statement from the following : A confined bed of impervious material laid over an acquifer.water supply in well increases E. Answer: Option C . is known as an aquifer E. All the above. the depth of water table in two tests wells at distances r1 and r2 from the centre of the main well were found to be s1 and s2 respectively.

40. area of the water surface and depth of the water B.atmospheric temperature E. C. the permeability of an aquifer may be obtained from the equation A. all the above. The Dupuit formula is based on A.4/5 D. Evaporation losses depend upon A. all the above. Answer: Option E . is A.three observation wells D. A well is sunk in an unconfined aquifer having a saturated depth of 100 m. E. According to Thiem. nature of precipitation and type of vegetation C. Assuming the equilibrium flow conditions and a homogeneous aquifer and radius of influence to be same.no observation well E. Answer: Option D 42. Answer: Option E 41. two observation wells C. one observation well B. B.humidity and wind velocity D. D. none of these. 8/7 Answer: Option E 43. 5/4 C.7/8 E. 2/3 B. the ratio of discharges at 20 m and 40 m draw downs.

floating the boats and ships C. interception B. Pick up the correct statement from the following : A. Run off and surface run off are the same B.providing steam for running locomotives D. Answer: Option D 3. running hydroelectric turbines B. Answer: Option C 1. Answer: Option C 4. C. Water is useful for A.Run off is sometimes called discharge of the river D. None of these.none of these. D.Run off is expressed as total volume per day E.Surface run off is sometimes called stream flow. designing and construction of irrigation structures B. Yield of a drainage basin is the run off over long periods C. evaporation C.flood control works D. . Answer: Option C 45. Answer: Option E 2. B. Phytometer method is generally used for the measurement of A. designing and construction of bridges and culverts C. Dickens assumes that high flood in cumecs.warming dwelling units E. Run off includes the water flowing over the surface C.transpiration D. Pick up the correct statement from the following : A.Yield of a drainage basin is expressed as surface run off per year D.44.all the above. Yield of a drainage basin is the run off at any time B. Knowledge of hydrology is necessary for civil engineers for A. In the estimate of design flood. all the above. is proportional to catchment area raised to the power A.

called available moisture E.The maximum flow in the river due to rainfall. surface run off C. Pick up the correct statement from the following : A. Answer: Option E .capillary zone D.3. precipitation over catchment area of the stream and its attributaries B. is known as pellicular water The degree of resistance to movement of the pellicular water generally expressed B. All the above.ground water zone E. Answer: Option E 8.all the above. is called field capacity The portion of the pellicular water absorbed by the root action of the vegetation. is called peak flow D. Answer: Option E 7. all the above. intermediate zone C. 2. If the slope of a line for infiltration capacity curve is . All the above.Peak flows are different for rainfalls E.0.ground water flow D.3. Hydrograph is a plot of discharge and time B. Answer: Option B 5.5 C.0 D. the value of constant k in Horton's equation of infiltration capacity curve. is A. A soil strata may consist of A. Answer: Option E 9. soil zone B. time is plotted on X-axis C.0 B.The pellicular water held in any soil. Pick up the correct statement from the following : The amount of water retained on the surface of soil grains by molecular attraction. A. is D. In hydrographs. Answer: Option D 6. Run off includes A. 2. 4. by the surface tension C.5 E.

neither of these. vapour pressure C. influent stream If the water table is at higher level than the water level in channel. Horner C. increasing the temperature B. A volume of air at constant barometric pressure may be brought to dew point by A. Answer: Option E 13. dew will be formed B. at the same pressure C. channel enters into ground water E. Relative humidity is the ratio of actual vapour pressure to the saturation vapour pressure A. decreasing the temperature C. The equation P . frost will be formed C. If the dew point is greater than 0°C A. flows to the stream If the water level in stream is higher than the water table level. If ground water enters the channel. Pressure exerted by fully saturated air.10.neither (a) nor (b) D.Llyod D. is known A. the channel is said to be B.saturation vapour pressure D.both (a) and (b). Answer: Option A 11.Bernard. All the above. was suggested by A. at the same temperature B.saturation pressure E.vapours will be formed D. Answer: Option A 16. the channel is known as effulent channel If water goes out of channel to meet ground water. water from the D.in the same volume . ground water C. Pick up the correct statement from the following : A. partial pressure B. (c) and (d) of the above. Answer: Option E 12.Q = Te φindex for determining the infiltration capacity. Horton B. Answer: Option B 14.

The air from central portion of cyclone's gets lifted for causing precipitation C.cyclonic precipitation D. is called A. are A. the estimated storm precipitation at X is .none of these. convective precipitation C. Heavier the rain. Answer: Option B 19.in the atmosphere. more deficient will be the rain catch B. is called A. cm collector and 4 litres bottle B. D. The air from outer portion of cyclones gets lifted for causing precipitation B. 1200 and 1250 mm. 200 sq. cm collector and 10 litres bottle D.none of these. cm collector and 2 litres bottle C. Answer: Option E 22.100 sq.Coniferrous forest is idealy suited for installing the gauge E. Pick up correct statement from the following : A. B and C are 110. cm collector and 4 litres bottle. convective precipitation C. If the normal annual precipitation amounts at stations X. All the above. angles greater than 45° D. Pick up the correct statement from the following : A. Precipitation caused due to striking of air masses with a topographical feature.orographic precipitation D. 90 and 70 mm.None of those. A. Answer: Option B 18. should not subtend C.200 sq.The air from entire surface of the cyclones gets lifted for causing precipitation D. B and C are respectively 1000. The specifications of most commonly used standard gauges in India. 100 sq. Precipitation caused due to upward movement of warmer air as compared to surrounding air. cyclonic precipitation B. Answer: Option A 20. orographic precipitation B. The respective storm totals at three surrounding stations A. 1100. lesser will be the rain catch The trees serving as wind brakes in the vicinity of the gauge. Answer: Option A 21. Answer: Option A 17. Higher the gauge.

for streams carrying high sediment loads D. For efficient working of a control meter. 63. equal to the critical depth B. Answer: Option E 24. A. for large flows B.79 mm D.81 mm. The place may have 20 cm rain storm after every five years C.four times the critical depth. its throat length is approximately kept A. A control meter is preferred to a weir because A.5 cm E.5 cm. 60.I. for small flows C.for rivers carrying floating debris E. Answer: Option B 23. Sharp crested weirs are generally used A.61.5 cm D.) of 20 cm rain storm at a place is 5 years. none of these. The place will definitely have 20 cm rain storm after every five years B.The place may have 20 cm rain storm within a set of 5 years twice D. 75 mm B. The area enclosed by the adjacent isohyets of a catchment basin are shown under : The average depth of annual precipitation in the catchment basin will be A. Answer: Option B 25.three times the critical depth D.None of these.5 cm C. Answer: Option A 26. The recurrence interval (R. 60. Answer: Option C 27. A.0 cm B. twice the critical depth C.62. it measures the discharge even in silt laiden streams . 77 mm C.

25 D.30 E. Answer: Option D 28. The form factor of a drainage basin is obtained by dividing A.all the above.both (a) an (b) E. B. 0. The area of a drainage basin whose axial length is 100 km is 2500 sq. km. km.0. km. average width of the basin by the axial basin C. a segment of a circle can be fitted B.a trapezoidal section can be fitted E. area of the basin by the axial length B.it is not damaged by floating debris D. A river is said to be of uniform section if in its section A. 215 sq.10 B.235 sq. the total area of the basin is A. If the axial length of a drainage basin is 35 km and its form factor is 0. km. the velocity of approach of the channel increases above the control. 205 sq.all the above. Answer: Option D 30.elevation of the water shed D.20 C. both (b) and (c). Answer: Option E 29. 0. D. and thus B. 0. km. C.35 Answer: Option C 32. shape of the basin C. size of the basin B.0. The run off is affected by A.2. km.a rectangular section can be fitted D. Its form factor is A. Answer: Option E .225 sq. 245 sq. a parabolic section can be fitted C. E. removes the silt completely C. all the above.area of the basin by the square of the axial length D. Answer: Option E 31.

B. D. Answer: Option C 36.cubic metres per hour. C. Run off is measured in A. reduced level of the top most point of the basin B. reduced level of the lower most point of the basin C. is (where A is the area of basin and Po is one hour rainfall) A. cubic metres per sec. The formula for calculating the overland flow time (To) in hours for any basin.33. Answer: Option D 34.cubic metres per minute D. cubic metres B.average elevation of the highest and lowest point of the drainage basin obtained by the formula D. C. D. The elevation Z of the watershed is : (where letters carry their usual meanings) A. Answer: Option B 35. Answer: Option D . The rational formula for calculating the discharge. is (where Lo is the distance of the critical point and H is the difference in elevation) A. B. C.

Sum of the percentage of specific yield and specific retention is 100 E. All the above. the materials drained. the ordinates of unit hydrograph are B.none of these.100 cumecs.percentage of total surface run off on y-axis D. All the above.5 cm/hr. Answer: Option E 41. If the average infiltration capacity during the entire rain period is assumed to be 1. off in mm by 25 mm A tolerance of about 25% of specified duration of unit hydrograph may be D. Bernard's distribution graph is a plot of time on X-axis and A. drawn to represent piezometric heads C. Answer: Option D 39. accepted without any serious error E.percentage of total surface run off during uniform time intervals on y-axis E. run off on the y-axis B.drawn to piezometric surface D. multiplied by the multiplying factor The multiplying factor for storm hydrograph may be obtained by dividing the run C. Answer: Option E 38. is called Porosity Water retained by the interstices due to molecular attraction. Answer: Option C 40. drawn to represent water table B. total run off on the y-axis C. An intense rain is falling at a uniform rate of 7. be used to obtain the hydrograph of future storms of like duration To obtain the ordinates of storm hydrograph. Isopiastic lines are the contours A. Pick up the correct statement from the following : The unit hydrograph of a specified unit duration obtained from the past data can A. . is A. is called 'yield' D. is called pellicular B. 60 cumecs C. water The ratio of volume of water obtained by gravity drainage to the total volume of C.80 cumecs D.5 cm/hour for a period of 60 minutes on a basin whose areas is 500 hectares. Pick up the correct statement from the following : The ratio of total volume of voids in soil aggregates to the total volume of A. aggregate. none of these. 40 cumecs B.37. the maximum run-off rate based on 10 minute peak percentage of 16% from distributing graph of the basin.

Answer: Option C 42.h2 C. of the motor is A. If h is the loss due to friction in a pipe. B. The total height of confined aquifer H is given by A. The radius of influence is A.P. distance from the wall of main well to the point of zero draw down C. the draw downs in the test wells at 3 m and 6. Answer: Option B 45.none of these.h1 B.01 cm/sec. The coefficients of permeability of soils of an unconfined aquifer and another confined aquifer were determined by pumping water from the wells and observing the effect of water table in two test wells at equal distances was found to be equal.3 m respectively. 0.91 litres/sec. H the total head lift and η.0. H = h2 . If over-all depth of the pumping well was 16 m. is A. C.H = h2 + h1 D.0. the permeability of the soil. Total losses in strainer and bends may be taken as A. the efficiency of the pump.0005 cm/sec B. radius of the main well B. 0. Answer: Option C 44.45 h C.6 m and 0. When a constant discharge 2. H = h1 .0. If ω is unit weight of water. 0.01 h B.25 h .184 m were 2. D.20 h D. Q the discharge in cumecs.0.001 cm/sec C. (h1 + h2) Answer: Option D 43. 0. was obtained in a pumping test.002 cm/sec D. Answer: Option A 46. the H.distance from the centre of main well to the point of zero draw down D.

the rainfall recorded was 5 cm. If the pan coefficient is 0. At the end of the time. Answer: Option D 47.Q = CA1/4.storage equation method D.1. Answer: Option E 49. Levees and flood walls. is A. Q = CA3/4 B. E. If the loss due to friction in pipes is 4 m. 0. a pan 1. A. the evaporation loss is A. the total losses in strainer and bends may be taken as A. 4 mm C. Answer: Option B 52. Answer: Option C 50.6 mm. empirical formulae C.5 m D. Dicken's formula for high flood estimate. 0. all the above.Q = CA1/2 D.0. During a specified period of time. Northern India C. 3 cm of water was removed from the pan to keep the depth of water. the depth was 9 cm. The rate of evaporation from reservoirs may be determined by A. Ryve's formula for flood estimate in cumecs. are designed to carry unbalanced water load .energy budget method E.0 cm. 0.5 metres in diameter.6. Answer: Option D 48.3 h.6 mm D. pan-measurement method B.0 m. Q = CA2/3 C.20 m C.10 m B. was filled upto 8.Western India. Southern India B. Answer: Option B 51. is useful only for the catchments in A.Eastern India D. In estimating the rate of evaporation from the reservoir surface. 2 mm B.

Answer: Option D 46. rainfall and drainage area B.5 D.None of these.drainage area and its shape D. river walls C. 6. the best reliable method is A. Answer: Option B 49.drainage area.5 E. are known as A. Boston society of Civil Engineer's formula in cumecs/square km is based upon A. Unit hydrograph method B.B)5/4 cumecs. Pettis formula Q = C (P.5 B. run off and drainage area C. is based upon A.10.drainage area and its shape D. For high flood estimates the average value of the constant C in Dicken's formula Q = CA3/4. 11. rainfall and drainage area B. floods walls B.are never provided free-boards.are means of controlling floods D. are designed with adequate dimensions C.5 Answer: Option E 47. Answer: Option A 48. total run off and drainage area C. 8.levees D.drainage area. Answer: Option E . The earthen embankments constructed parallel to the river banks at some suitable distance for flood control. both (c) and (d). Answer: Option A 50. B. For predicting floods of a given frequency. is A. Gumbel's analytical method C.California method D.9.5 C.dikes E.