Theory of Knowledge: Emotion Lesson 1 Introduction: Everybody has emotions.

Are they an obstacle (a filter) to or source (a lens) of knowledge? Emotions are important to everybody and affect our decision-making. Some people believe emotions are more important than reason. Are emotions reasonable? Is there, or should there be a balance between reason and emotion? Aims: • • to introduce the above concepts to students to introduce some theoretical concepts which will be expanded in this section on knowledge.

Objectives: 1. to examine whether some emotional responses are similar for most people 2. to appreciate how emotions influence our reactions to situations 3. to examine what causes different emotional responses 4. to recognise how emotion can be a source of knowledge 5. to recognise how emotion can be an obstacle to knowledge Lesson: Activity 1: As students enter the class slowly show powerpoint of slides called “Group Emotional Reponse”. Say nothing. At the end ask students what they felt. Hopefully the group will have felt similar emotions. Disgust for the first 3 slides. Peacefulness or happiness for the last 3 slides. (Emphasise Obective 1) People, like politicians, journalists, parents, rely on the people they want to influence, to feel a certain way. Activity 2: Students choose a partner. Give an “Emotions Dialogue” to each student. The “Server” in the pair is given a piece of paper (see Six

Basic Emotions cards) with an emotion on it. They keep this secret. Later, they must act as if they have that emotion, while the “Customer” acts normally. Students read the dialogue and practice alone for a few minutes. Without saying which emotion is being shown, choose at least 6 pairs, one for each emotion, to perform in front of the class. The class has to identify the emotion being shown. There are 6 primary emotions, hopefully represented here: anger; sadness; fear; surprise; disgust; and happiness. The customer must say how they felt. (Emphasise Objective 2) Activity 3: Answer the Emotions questionnaire individually, then discuss as a group. (Emphasise Objective 3) Activity 4: Briefly introduce the concepts of: • • • James-Lange Theory The role of beliefs Emotional Energy

(Described on pp 148-150 of Lagemaat) (Emphasise Objective 3) Activity 5: Introduce the concepts that emotions can be an obstacle to and a source of knowledge: Discuss how emotions can be an obstacle (filter) to knowledge - how do they distort perception, reason and language? - think of situations where this is true and why. - rationalisations - irrational behaviour Discuss how emotions can be a source (lens) of knowledge - they help narrow down our choices - people without emotions or with too many emotions are seen as “abnormal” - emotions are often rational - intuition


reason-emotion continuum

(Described on pp 151-158 of Lagemaat) (Emphasise Objectives 4 and 5) Conclusion: Are emotions a lens or a filter when it comes to ways of knowing and areas of knowledge? (questions for discussion or journals on p168 of Lagemaat) H/W: How emotionally intelligent are you? Do this quiz: 121 Brigette van Dorsselaer 21/5/2007 WIS

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