Tales of the Cocktail 2010 ~ New Orleans ~

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts
By: Andrew Nicholls & Darcy O’Neil

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts
Introduction Speakers:

Darcy O’Neil Andrew Nicholls

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts
What are Essential Oils & Extracts?
Definition of Extract:
To withdraw (a juice etc.) or seperate (a constituant of a mixture, etc) by a physical or chemical process

Definition of Essential Oil:
Any of various volitile oils that impart charectoristic odors to plants and are used esp in perfumes and flavourings.

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts
Whats the Difference between Essential Oils and Absolutes?
An Absolute is an Essential Oil produced by means of Enfleurage or Solvent Extraction.

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts
How are Essential Oils Produced?
•Essential Oils are generally produced through Distillation

Other Methods of Production are used to Create Absolutes. These Include:
•Enfleurage
•Old French technique whereby flowers were placed in animal fat until it had absorbed the desired amount of aroma. The fat was then placed in alcohol to draw and preserve the floral notes from the fat.

•Solvent Extraction
•Compounds are seperated due to their relative soluability.

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts
General Uses for Essential Oils & Extracts

•Perfume •Cosmetics •Soap •Incense •Medical/Aromatherapy •Food and Drink Is there a Difference in Quality?

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts
General History

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts
Traditional Uses on the Bar
•Flavoring & Colouring Spirits •Liqueurs •Cordials •Syrups •Sodas •Acid Phosphates and Lactarts •Colouring •Cocktails, Mixed Drinks and Medicinal Drinks

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts
Examples of Colouring Agents

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts
Examples of Liqueurs •Solerno Blood Orange Liqueur
•Extraction using Alcohol •Extraction is Distilled •Oils are carried with the Alcohol •Essential Oil

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts
Examples of Syrups

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts
Examples of Syrups for Sodas

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts

What are Acid Phosphates & Lactarts?

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts
Examples of Phosphates & Lactarts
Phosphates & Lactarts were generally served as long refreshing drinks, flavored by a chosen syrup.

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts
Phosphates & Lactarts with Eggs

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts
Comparing the Golden Fizz

Golden Fizz from Harry Johnson’s New and Improved Bartender’s Manual

Golden Fizz from Darcy O’Neil’s Fix the Pumps

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts
Examples of Medicinal Drinks

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts

What is the Worlds most Famous Phosphate?

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts Coca-Cola
• Made almost exclusively of Essential Oils as the flavouring compounds.

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts
Reverse Engineered Cola
•Orange Oil •Lemon Oil •Nutmeg Oil •Cassia Oil •Coriander Oil •Neroli Oil •Lime Oil •Lavender Oil

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts
Time for a Drink
Corpse Reviver #2 (Variation) 1 oz London Dry Gin 1 oz Kina Lillet (Recreation: Lillet with a couple dashes Angostura Bitters) ¾ oz Solerno Blood Orange Liqueur 1 Barspoon Acid Phosphate 1 Dash Absinthe

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts
Oils in Drinks?
OIls are used as Flavoring or Aromatizing agents in Alcohol •Amyl Acetate = Pear Oil •Amyl Vaterianate = Apple Oil •Butyric = Pineapple Oil or Rum Ester An Essential Oil of Peppermint means that only the Oils responsible for the Peppermint flavor/aroma have been captured. It is therefore “Essential”.

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts
Examples of Oils used in Ingredients for Drinks

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts
Other Examples of Essential Oils & Extracts
Fruit Vinegars

Shrubs

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts
How Oils and Vinegars are Flavoured...

•Methods for Flavoring Oils & Vinegars

•The importance of Ingredient Selection •Organic or Not? •Importance of Region?

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts
Other Uses for Bars

•Scented Candles •Scented Soap •Atomizers •Egg Osmosis

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts
The Use of Essential Oils & Extracts on the Modern Bar
•Bring back the understanding of Essential Oils & Extracts from the past •Aroma •Modern Sodas, Tonics & Mixed Drinks •Using ingredients and knowledge to create a better drinking experience for guests

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts
A Second Drink Perhaps?
2 oz Hendricks Gin 1 oz Solerno Blood Orange Liqueur ½ oz Maiden Hair Syrup 1 oz Lemon Juice Top with ginger ale Slice of Orange, wedge of Pineapple, Mint and Grated nutmeg on top.

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts
Where to Find more Information

The missing link in the world of Mixed Drinks:

Fix the Pumps, by Darcy O’Neil

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts

Questions?

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts
Thank You Tales of the Cocktail Sharon & Team

Solerno Blood Orange Liqueur

The History, Science & Creativity of Essential Oils & Extracts
Darcy O’Neil:
www.artofdrink.com dsoneil@gmail.com

Andrew Nicholls:
www.andrewnicholls.com info@andrewnicholls.com