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Workshop 02.1: 2D Gear and Rack


Introduction to ANSYS Mechanical

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Goals
We are designing a press that should be
capable of delivering 2500 N of force to the
rack.
In order to design the mechanism for applying
the load, we need to know the required Remote
torque in the gear to produce the necessary Displacement
force.
Well apply the desired force in the rack and
extract the moment reaction at the gear.
We will use a Remote Displacement to
constrain the gear (instead of a fixed support)
because this type of support provides
rotational as well as translational constraints.
Force = 2500 N
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Assumptions
We will approach the problem with a 2D plane stress model
of thickness 12 mm.

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Project Schematic

1. Double click Static Structural


analysis type to add a new system.

2
2. RMB the Geometry cell and request
Properties.

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Project Schematic

3. In the Analysis Type field specify


2D.
Once this setting is made, the
properties window may be closed
if desired.

Note: This setting indicates the model


to be analyzed is not a full 3D model,
but a 2D plane stress idealization. It is
important that this setting is made
prior to importing geometry, as it
cannot be changed after geometry 3.
import.

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Geometry Setup
4. From the Geometry cell,
RMB > Import Geometry
and browse to: 4.
Gear_Set_2D.stp.

5. Double click the Model cell


to start Mechanical. 5.

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Preprocessing
6. Set the working unit system:
6a.
a. Units > Metric (mm, kg, N, s, mV, mA).

7. Set the Plane Stress options: 7a.


a. Highlight the Geometry branch.
b. Verify the 2D Behavior to be Plane
Stress (default).
7b.

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Preprocessing
8a.
8. Set the geometry thickness:
a. Highlight the Gear and Rack parts (use
shift or control for multi-select).
b. Set the thickness field to 12 mm. 8b.
9. Set the contact options:
a. Highlight the contact region under
ConnectionsContacts.
9a.
b. Change the contact type to No
Separation.
(The No Separation contact type allows for
relative sliding in directions tangent to the contact
surfaces but constrains all relative motion normal
to the contact surfaces, and thus does not allow 9b.
the surfaces to separate. Contact Types are
explained further in Module 06.)
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Preprocessing
10. Create a remote point: 10a.
a. Highlight the Model branch.
b. Set the selection filter to edge select. 10b.
c. Select the circular inner edge of the gear.
d. RMB > Insert > Remote Point.

10c. 10d.

Note the annotation flag indicating


the remote point location.
(Remote Points are explained further in Module 06.)
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Environment
11. Apply a remote displacement:
a. Highlight the Static Structural branch.
b. RMB > Insert > Remote Displacement.
c. Change the scoping method to Remote Point.
d. Select Remote Point from the RP list
11a.
e. Set X, Y and Rotation Z = 0.

11c.
11d.

11e.
11b.

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Environment
12. Apply frictionless support to the model:
a. Highlight the right edge of the rack.
b. RMB > Insert > Frictionless Support.
12a.

12b.

We use a frictionless support along


the edge of the rack to simulate the
guide that the part rides in.
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Environment
13. Apply a force to the model:
a. Select the bottom edge of the Rack.
b. RMB > Insert > Force.
c. Change to the Components method.
d. Input a Y component = 2500 N.

13c.
13d.

13a.
13b.

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Solution
14. Solve the model. 14.
15. Insert a Total Deformation result:
a. Highlight the Solution branch.
b. RMB > Insert > Deformation > Total.
c. RMB > Evaluate All Results. 15a.
15b.

15c.

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Postprocessing 16a.
16. Extract the moment reaction in the gear:
a. Highlight the Solution branch.
b. From the context menu choose Probe >
Moment Reaction.
c. In the probe details choose Remote
Displacement from the drop down list. 16b.
d. RMB > Evaluate All Results.

16d.
16c.

Moment reaction about Z axis

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Conclusion
Our stated goal was to determine the required moment that must be
applied to the gear in order to produce a 2500 N force in the rack. We
conclude that a torque of approximately
92,000 N*mm will be required. - 92,000
N*mm

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Go Further!
If you find yourself with extra time, try the following:
1. Select the Remote Displacement to display its Details view.
2. Change Rotation Z to Free.
3. Insert a Moment and scope it to the Remote Point.
4. Give the moment a magnitude of -92,005 N*mm.
5. Delete Force.
6. Insert a Frictionless Support and scope it to the bottom edge of the rack.
7. In the Results section, insert a Force Reaction probe and scope it to the
Frictionless Support created in Step 6 above.
8. Solve and observe the value for the Force Reaction.

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END
Workshop 02.1: 2D Gear and Rack

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