Cold form section Purlin design as per IS 811 & BS 5900

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Cold form section Purlin design as per IS 811 & BS 5900

© All Rights Reserved

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You are on page 1of 12

DATE :

Input Data: Purlin Geometry

Span of the purlin = 5.500 M

Spacing of the purlin = 1.15 M

No. of Sag rods = 1

Slope of the Roof = 10 deg.

Number of Spans = 3

(for 1 or 2 spans, Bending Moment Coefficient is 8, for 3 or more spans, it is 10)

(in case of Bending about minor axis, (No of spans)x(No of sagrods+1) is used.

Dead Loads

Weight of Sheeting = 6 kg/sqm

Self Weight of Purlin = Automatically Calculated from Section properties

Extra for cleats, as % of Purlin weight = 10 %

Additional Dead Loads to Consider = 4 kg/sqm

Live Loads

Live load on Roof = Automatically Calculated from Slope

= 75 kg/sqm

Additional Live Loads to be considered = 0 kg/sqm

(For Design of Wall Girt (Cladding Runner), additional Live loads to be considered can be entered as -ve of LL on roof)

(Live load will be 0 effectively)

Wind Loads

Basic Wind Speed 44 m/s Terrain Category 3

k1 1 Maximum Horizontal Dimension of Building 44 m

k3 1 Hence, Bldg Class B

Height of Top 8.25 m

Based on the data on right, k2 is obtained from the tables

k2 0.88

Width of the building, w = 24 m

Length of the Building, l = 44 m

and l/w = 1.833

Based on the h/w and l/w, the values of Cpe is obtained from tables as noted below:

Maximum Downward Cpe (include sign) -1.2

Maximum Upward Cpe (include sign) -0.8

y: Multibuild Consultants, Vapi

26.MBC.MWV.FGPM3

16-06-2017

ion properties

of LL on roof)

will be 0 effectively)

Input Data: Purlin Section Being Checked

Try C 200x50x20x3.15

Flange Width, b 50 mm

Depth of section d 200 mm

Thickness t 3.15 mm

Length of Lip lip_l 20 mm

Inner Bending Radius 4.73 mm

Zxx 53.50 cm3 Section Modulus about Major Axis

Zyy 7.89 cm3 Section Modulus about Minor Axis

Ixx 535.00 cm4 Moment of Inertia about Major Axis

Iyy 29.20 cm4 Moment of Inertia about Minor Axis

Output Summary

OK Based on IS 801 Clause 5.2.2.1

Stresses Ok? Ok

Critical Stress Factor 0.999

Notes:

1. Section Properties Check based on Section 9 of B:5950 Part 5 is a guideline and not mandatory

Hence, Design is considered Safe even if above check only is not okay but all other che

2. Currently, this design only works if full width is effective. If full width is not effective,

this spreadsheet will report Failure in Stress Check

3. Not suitable currently for curved roofs.

4. Design is not suitable for varying spans of purlins (varying truss spacing)

e and not mandatory

okay but all other checks are okay

effective,

Z Purlin Design

Created

Report by Madurai ES Consultancy Services Pvt Ltd

Cold Form Purlin Design Report Modified By: Multibuild Consultants, Vapi

User: Arif

Revision History R0: Basic Design with checks for Stresses and Deflection based on IS 800 only

R1: Added Section property checks and Allowable Stress Calculations based on IS 801

Span of the purlin = 5.500 M

Spacing of the purlin = 1.15 M

No. of Sag rods = 1

Slope of the Roof = 10 deg.

Number of Spans = 3

Bending Moment Coefficients: Use 8 for Single/Two spans, 10 for 3 or more spans

Bending Moment Coefficient for Mxx(BMCX) 10

For Bending About Minor Axis, Number of spans= number of spans x (number of sagrods+1)

Number of Spans about Minor Axis = 6

Bending Moment Coefficient for Myy(BMCY) 10

TRY PURLIN SIZE - C 200x50x20x3.15 (IS 811)

Cross Sectional Area of Purlin 9.86 cm2

Purlin Weight = 7.740 kg/m (Area in sqcm x 0.785 kg/sqcm/m) in kg/m

= 6.731 kg/sqm (Weight in kg/m)/spacing

DEAD LOAD

Self Weight of Purlin (calculated above) 6.731 kg/sqm

Extra load for weight 10 % of purlin weight 0.673 kg/sqm

Other Dead Loads 4.000 kg/sqm

= 0.174 kN/sqm

LIVE LOAD

Live Load on Roof = 75 kg/sqm if slope is less than 10 degrees. If Slope is more than 10 degrees, LL = 75 2x(slope-10), subject to minimum of 40 kg/sqm

Live load on Roof = 75 KG/M2

Additional Live Loads to be considered = 0 KG/M2

(For Design of Wall Girt (Cladding Runner), additional Live loads to be considered can be entered as -ve of LL on roof)

= 0.750 kN/sqm

WIND LOAD

k1 1

k3 1

Terrain Category 3

Maximum Horizontal Dimension of Building 44 m

Hence, Building Class is B

Height of Top 8.25 m

k2 0.88

Design Wind Pressure pz=0.6Vz^2 899.543 N/sqm

= 0.900 kN/sqm

Page 5

Z Purlin Design

Created

Report by Madurai ES Consultancy Services Pvt Ltd

Length of the Building, l = 44 m

and l/w = 1.833

Based on the h/w and l/w, the values of Cpe is obtained from tables as noted below:

Maximum Downward Cpe (including sign) -1.2

Maximum Upward Cpe (including sign) -0.8

Since, Dead Load and Live Load are downward, DL+WL will be critical for the maximum upward wind force

Similarly, DL+LL+WL will be critical for the maximum downward wind force

Cpi to use (for upward, use -) -0.7

Cpi to use (for upward, use -) 0.7

Design Calculations: Primary Load Cases Conversion of forces to Normal And Tangential Components

Slope of the Roof = 10 degrees

DL Tangential Component = DL x Spacing x sin(slope) = 0.035 kN/m

LL Tangential Component = LL x Spacing x sin(slope) = 0.150 kN/m

WL is normal to roof

Hence, WL1 normal component = WL1 x Spacing = -1.966 kN/m

And, WL1 Tangential component = 0.000 kN/m

WL is normal to roof

Hence, WL2 normal component = WL2 x Spacing = -0.103 kN/m

And, WL2 Tangential component = 0.000 kN/m

From above calculations, the components of load in the various load combinations are tabulated

Page 6

Z Purlin Design

Created

Report by Madurai ES Consultancy Services Pvt Ltd

Normal Load 1.046 -1.768 0.943 kN/m

Tangential Load 0.185 0.035 0.185 kN/m

For Strength Design, 0.75 factor is applicable for combinations with Wind Load since 33.33% extra stress is allowed

Hence, the components of load in the various load combinations for Strength design are

DL+LL 0.75(DL+WL1) 0.75(DL+LL+WL2)

Normal Load 1.046 -1.327 0.707 kN/m

Tangential Load 0.185 0.026 0.138 kN/m

Section Name C 200x50x20x3.15

Flange Width, b 50 mm

Depth of section d 200 mm

Thickness t 3.15 mm

Length of Lip lip_l 20 mm

Internal Bending radius 4.73 mm

Total bending Radius, rad 7.88 mm

Zxx 53.50 cm3

Zyy 7.89 cm3

Ixx 535.00 cm4

Iyy 29.20 cm4

= 6.731 kg/sqm (Weight in kg/m)/spacing

Design Calculations: Checking Basic Section Properties based on Section 9 of BS:5950 Part 5 1998

Overall Depth 200 mm

100t = 315 mm

L/45 = 122.222 mm

Hence Ok

Flange Width, b 50 mm

35t = 110.25 mm

Hence Ok

Width of Lip 20 mm

B/5 = 10 mm

Hence OK

Total Width over both flanges 96.85 mm

L/60 = 91.667 mm

Hence OK

Check No. 5 Zxx of Purlin >= WL/1400 for Simply Supported Purlin and >=WL/1800 for Continuous Purlin

Zxx = 53.50 cm3

L is span of purlin in mm

W= 5.756 kN

Page 7

Z Purlin Design

Created

Report by Madurai ES Consultancy Services Pvt Ltd

L= 5500 mm

Number of Spans = 3

Hence, denominator = 1800

WL/denominator 17.587

Hence Ok

Design Calculations: Checking Basic Section Properties based on IS 801 for Lip of Purlin

Minimum Depth of Lip shall be 2.8 x t x ((w/t)^2-281200/Fy)^(1/6) and not less than 4.8t

t= 3.15 mm

w= 34.24 mm

Fy= 2400 kg/sqcm

w/t= 10.87

2.8 x t x ((w/t)^2-281200/Fy)^(1/6) 8.810 mm

4.8t= 15.12 mm

Lip l= 20 mm

Hence Ok

Here, w/t = 10.8698412698

Hence Ok

f is the actual stress in compression element computed based on effective width

Compression stress based on full width = Max (Mxx/Zxx+Myy/Zyy) for all three unfactored combinations

= 5.500 m

Span for minor axis bending = Span of purlin / (no. of sagrods + 1)

= 2.75 m

Bending Moment Coefficient for Myy(BMCY) 10

Note: Calculation for the above is at the top of the report

Normal Load 1.046 -1.768 0.943 kN/m

Tangential Load 0.185 0.035 0.185 kN/m

Myy 0.140 0.026 0.140 KN-m

Myy/Zyy 17.687 3.331 17.687 N/sqmm

f = 103.320 N/sqmm

= 1033.202 kg/sqcm

Page 8

Z Purlin Design

Created

Report by Madurai ES Consultancy Services Pvt Ltd

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OBXsA1vuKR0

https://www.483scaffolddesign.com/design-calculations

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OsIsmRdoJ8I

Page 9

Z Purlin Design

Created

Report by Madurai ES Consultancy Services Pvt Ltd

w/t = 10.8698412698

Maximum Compressive Stress based on Lateral Buckling of Flange, as per Clause 6.3 of IS 801

Calculate X=L2Sxc/(dIyc)

and Y = Pi2ECb/Fy

Fb, the Allowable Compressive Stress based on Lateral Buckling of Flange is calculated as

X<0.18Y implies, Fb = 0.6 Fy - CASE (i)

X>0.18Y but X<0.9Y implies, Fb= 0.667 Fy Fy . X / (2.7 Y) - CASE (ii)

X>0.9Y implies Fb = 0.3 Fy . Y / X - CASE (iii)

Sxc = Compression Section Modulus of section about major axis = Zxx 53.50 Cm^3

d = Depth of Section = 20 cm

Iyc = Moment of Inertia of the compression portion = Iyy/2 14.6 Cm^4

Pi = 3.1415926536

E = Modulus of Elasticity, as per IS 801 is taken as 2074000 kgf/sqcm

Cb as per IS 801 can be taken conservatively assuming M1=0 (end span) 1.75

Fy = 2400 kg/sqcm

And, 0.9 Y = 13433.148

Hence, Fb = 0.3 Fy . Y / X

= 775.588710987 kg/sqcm

= 77.559 N/sqmm

= 144 N/sqmm

Mxx/Zxx+Myy/Zyy 76.858 103.320 71.009 N/sqmm, calculated above

Allowed 77.559 103.386 103.386

As per clause 6.4.1 of IS 801,allowed maximum average shear stress Fv in kgf/sqcm is calculated as

Case 1: If h/t is less than 4590/sqrt(Fy), Fv=1275 x sqrt(Fy) / (h/t) 1275 x sqrt(Fy)/(h/t) = 1015.773

Case 2: If h/t is more than 4590/sqrt(Fy), Fv=5850000 / (h/t)^2 5850000/(h/t)^2 = 1547.098

Both are subject to maximum 0.4Fy 0.4Fy = 960

t 3.150

Hence, h/t = 61.492

4590/sqrt(Fy) = 93.693

Hence, Case is : 1

= 960.000 kgf/sqcm

Page 10

Z Purlin Design

Created

Report by Madurai ES Consultancy Services Pvt Ltd

= 96.000 kgf/sqmm

Actual Shear '=wl/2 Here, w = SQRT(Wn^2+Wt^2)

Normal Load 1.046 -1.327 0.707 kN/m

Tangential Load 0.185 0.026 0.138 kN/m

Hence, Shear= 2.922 3.649 1.982 kN

Shear Stress fv=V/dt 4.789 5.980 3.249

Hence Ok

As per clause 6.4.2of IS 801 for the design check of allowable stress in combined shear and bending

Fbw = 36560000/(h/t)^2

Here, h/t already calculated above as 61.492

966.870 N/sqmm

Basic Allowable Design Stress calculated earlier = 0.6Fy

144 N/sqmm

Already calculated fbw = Mxx/Zxx since Zyy at web is very high (x=t/2, Z=I/x)

DL+LL DL+WL1 DL+LL+WL2

Mxx/Zxx 59.171 99.989 53.322 N/sqmm

Fbw 144.00 191.952 191.952

Max. Safety Ratio 0.521

In summary, Bending stresses in Web is: Ok

As per clause 6.4.3 of IS 801 for the design check of allowable stress in combined shear and bending

SQRT((fbw/Fbw)^2+(fv/Fv)^2) must be less than 1

In this clause, Fbw is not restricted by 0.6Fy and Fv is not restricted by 0.4Fy

Hence, Fbw = 966.870 1289.160 1289.160

And Fv = 1015.773 1354.364 1354.364

fbw 59.171 99.989 53.322

fv= 4.789 5.980 3.249

fv/Fv 0.005 0.004 0.002

Overall Safety Ratio 0.999

Page 11

Z Purlin Design

Created

Report by Madurai ES Consultancy Services Pvt Ltd

Theoretical Deflection is calculated as (5/384) (wl^4/EI) for Simply Supported beam and (3/384) (wl^4/EI) for multiple spans

w is normal component of unfactored distributed load in kN/m, max. of all load combinations

= 1.768 kN/m

= 207400 N/sqmm

Hence Ok

As per MBMA, allowed deflection from Live load component must be within Span/240

Span 5.500 m

or 5500 mm

Span/240 = 22.92 mm

Hence, deflection from Live Load = 5.47 mm

Hence Ok

Results Summary

OK Based on IS 801 Clause 5.2.2.1

Stresses Ok? Ok

Critical Stress Factor 0.999

Notes:

1. Section Properties Check based on Section 9 of B:5950 Part 5 is a guideline and not mandatory

2. Currently, this design only works if full width is effective. If full width is not effective,

this spreadsheet will report Failure in Stress Check

3. Not suitable currently for curved roofs.

4. Design is not suitable for varying spans of purlins (varying truss spacing)

Page 12

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