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TECHNOLOGICAL

UNIVERSITY

Master of Technology

Cluster : 01

Year : 2015

No. of Credits : 67

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

SEMESTER 1

End Semester

Examination Slot

Course Number

Examination

Internal Marks

Name L-T-P

Duration

Credits

(hours)

Marks

Linear algebra, Random processes

A 01MA6015 2-1-0 40 60 3 3

and Special functions

B 01ME 6301 Fluid Mechanics and Heat transfer 3-1-0 40 60 3 4

Aerodynamics and Gas dynamics 60 3 4

C 01ME 6303 3-1-0 40

Thermodynamics and Combustion

D 01ME6305 2-1-0 40 60 3 3

science

E 01ME6307 Mechanical Measurements 3-0-0 40 60 3 3

S 01 ME6999 Research Methodology 0-2-0 100 2

T 01ME6391 Seminar I 0-0-2 50 1

U 01ME6393 Propulsion Engineering Lab I 0-0-2 50 2

TOTAL CREDITS : 22

2

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

SEMESTER 2

End Semester

Examination Slot

Internal Marks

Name L-T-P

Duration

Credits

(hours)

Marks

Air-breathing Propulsion and 3-1-0

A 01ME6302 40 60 3 4

Turbo machines

B 01ME6304 Rocket Propulsion 3-0-0 40 60 3 3

C 01ME6306 Advanced Heat Transfer Engineering 3-0-0 40 60 3 3

Elective I 3-0-0

D 40 60 3 3

Elective II 3-0-0

E 40 60 3 3

U 01ME6394 Propulsion Engineering Lab II 0-0-2 50 1

TOTAL 15-1-6 350 300 - 19

TOTAL CREDITS : 19

Elective I

01ME6312 Computational Fluid Dynamics

01ME6314 Finite Element Method For Heat Transfer And Fluid Flow

01ME6316 Advanced Numerical Methods

Elective II

01ME6318 Advanced Gas Dynamics

01ME6322 Mechanical behavior of materials

01ME6324 Energy Conversion and Management

3

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

SEMESTER 3

End Semester

Examination Slot

Course Number

Examination

Internal Marks

Name L-T-P

Duration

Credits

(hours)

Marks

A Elective III 3-0-0 40 60 3 3

B Elective IV 3-0-0 40 60 3 3

TOTAL CREDITS : 14

Elective III

01ME7311 Industrial Safety and Hazards Management

01ME7313 Advanced Optimization Technique

01ME7315 Nuclear Science And Technology

Elective IV

01ME7317 Multiphase flow

01ME7319 Turbulence

01ME7321 Cryogenics Engineering

4

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

SEMESTER 4

End Semester

Examination Slot

Internal Marks

Name L-T-P

Duration

(hours)

Marks

Credit

W 01ME7394 Project (Phase 2) 0-0-23 70 30 12

TOTAL 0-0-23 70 30 - 12

TOTAL CREDITS : 12

5

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

SEMESTER - I

Syllabus and Course Plan

6

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

LINEAR ALGEBRA,

01MA6015 RANDOM PROCESSES AND 2-1-0 3 2015

SPECIAL FUNCTIONS

Course Objectives

2. Equip the Students with a thorough understanding of vector spaces and linear transformations

3. To learn some advance concepts in random processes.

4. To expose to ideas on special functions

Syllabus

random processes- Gaussian processes- Discrete time Markov chains-Birth death processes-

queuing Models-Series solution of ordinary differential equations- Bessels equation, Legendre

Equation, Hermite equation Laguerre Equation -Tschebyschevsequation orthogonlity-

generating functions

Expected Outcome

Upon successful completion of this course, students will be familiar with some of the basic tools in

higher mathematics viz,linear algebra random processes and special functions, which are essential

for higher studies and research in engineering.

References

2. Seymour Lipschulz, Linear Algebra, Tata mc Graw Hill.

3. B. S. Grewal, Higher Engineering Mathematics, Khanna Publishers, 40th ed.

4. Peter V ONeil; Advanced Engineering mathematics Cengage Learning India Pvt ltd.

5. Alberto Leon-Garcia, Probability and Random Processes for Electrical Engineering, Pearson,

2nd ed., 2009

6.V.G.Kulkarni: Introduction to modelling and analysis of stochastic systems

7. S. M. Ross, Introduction to Probability Models, Elsevier, 10th ed., 2009.

8. T. Veerarajan, Probability and Random Process, Tata McGraw-Hill, 3rd ed., 2011

7

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

COURSE PLAN

semester

exam %

marks

1 Vector spaces and subspaces, null space , column space of a 7

matrix; linearly independent sets and bases; Coordinate 15%

systems; dimension of a vector space; rank ;change of basis;

linear transformations-properties-kernel and range-computing

kernel and range of a linear transformation-matrix

representation of a linear operator--Invertible linear operators

2 Inner product, length and orthogonality ; orthogonal sets; 7 15%

orthogonal projections; Gram Schmidt process; least square

solutions; Inner product spaces; QR factorization ; Singular

value decomposition

First Internal test

3 Random Process, auto-correlation, stationarity; power 7 15%

spectrum, Ergodicity; Poisson process;

4 7 15%

Discrete time Markov chains, Chapman- Kolmogorov Equations,

classification of states, Steady State Probabilities, continuous -

time Markov chain: State occupancy times, transition rates,

Steady State Probabilities, - global balance equations-Birth

Death processes-Queuing models (M/M/1 and M/M/c models

with infinite capacity).

5 Ordinary Differential equations, Series Solution, Singularity, 7 20%

Regular Singularity, Forbenius method, Bessels equation,

Legendre Equation, Hermit equation (solution only), Laguerre

Equation (solution only), Tschebyschevs equation (solution

only),

6 7 20%

Bessel functions of first and second kind, Recurrence relation for

Jn(x), Value of J (x) , ,Generating function for Jn(x), Equations

reducible to Bessels equations, Orthogonality of Bessel

functions, Legendre polynomial, Rodrigues formula, generating

function for Pn(x), recurrence relation for Pn(x) , orthogonality

of Legendre polynomials

8

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

FLUID MECHANICS AND

01 ME 6301 HEAT TRANSFER 3-1-0 4 2015

Course Objectives

The subject is aimed at providing knowledge for the mathematical formulation of fluid flow and

heat transfer. The students are trained to apply their mathematical skills in finding analytical,

approximate and numerical solutions to simple flow and heat transfer problems.

Syllabus

Mathematical modelling of fluid mechanics and heat transfer. Coordinate systems: Rectangular and

polar coordinates. Exact solutions; Analysis of Potential flow using complex variables; Boundary

layer theory: Hydrodynamic and thermal boundary layers, Reynolds Analogy, Clinton-Colburn

Analogy; Transient heat conduction, Radiation heat transfer

Expected Outcome

At the end of the course students are expected to know to develop governing partial differential

equations of fluid flow and heat transfer. They will have acquired the ability to simplify the

equations for practical situations along with solving them by different methods such similarity

variables technique, approximate methods and numerical method; Students also will have

acquired experience in the computer solutions of simple diffusion problems and visualization of

results in computer.

COURSE PLAN

Hours Allotted

% of Marks in

End-Semester

Examination

Module

Contents

Analysis of Rate of Strain-Rate of Strain and Rotation Tensors. Reynolds 5

Transport Theorem-Derivation of Conservation Equations of mass,

I 15

momentum and energy in Integral and Differential Forms using

Reynolds Transport Theorem, Stream Function and Vorticity 5

Formulation in two dimension, Equations in rectangular and polar

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

9

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

concentric rotating cylinders-Developed flow in an annulus-Couette 5

Flow-Feffery-Hamel flow; .Boundary layer theory (hydrodynamics and

thermal)-

II Parameters of boundary layer Momentum and Energy integral 15

equations. Karman Pohlhausen method for approximate solution to

5

momentum integral equation-separation and Vortex Shedding.

Theory of Potential Flow Complex Flow Potentials-Uniform Flow,

Source, Sink, Vortex, Doublet Development of Complex Flow 4

Potentials by method of super positions.

III Flow past a cylinder with and without rotation. Calculation of Lift using 15

theory of complex variable. Mapping of a Flat Plate into a Cylinder,

Ellipse. Flow past a vertical flat plate. Joukowsky Transformations, 5

Schwartz-Christoffel Transformations

convection heat transfer- Correlations for Nusselt's number; 4

Bousinessq's approximation for modelling natural convection;

IV 15

Flow stability; small perturbation theory, transition

5

Similarity solutions: Blasius solution; Skin friction coefficient , Nusselt's

number, Reynold Analogy, Clinton-Colburn Analogy;Plane stagnation

5

point flow-Suction and blowing-

V 20

Moving plate- Free jet- Wall jet-One dimensional transient heat 4

conduction

Derivation of Or Somerfield equation for flow stability and its solution. 4

VI 20

exchange between surfaces-View factors-Thermal resistance for

5

radiation heat exchange

10

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

AERODYNAMICS AND GAS

DYNAMICS

01 ME 6303 3-1-0 4 2015

Course Objectives

To develop experimental methodologies for solving problems and characterizing external flow

systems. To develop an ability an experimental design and data analysis, and to apply knowledge

of foundation disciplines and engineering to the design , implementation , analysis of experiments

Syllabus

Introduction to Gas dynamics, Rayleigh & Fanno flow, Nozzle flows and Shock waves,

Introduction to Aerodynamics, Aircraft Performance, Elementary ideas on space travel

Expected Outcome

Gain understanding about the concepts involved in Aerodynamics

References

1. Shapiro, A. H., The dynamics and thermodynamics of compressible fluid flow, vol. 1, New

York: John Wiley and Sons Inc., 1953

11

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

COURSE PLAN

% of Marks

in End-

Hours

Module Contents Semester

Allotted

Examination

Incompressible flows, Perfect Gas Equation of state, Calorifically Perfect

Gas. One Dimensional Flows- Basic Governing equations, Acoustic 5 15

wave ,Propagation speed, Mach Number, Reference states. Concept of

I stagnation properties. Normal shock waves.

solutions. Worked examples. Quasi One Dimensional flows. Governing 5

equations . Impulse Function.

Illustrations on T-S and P-V diagrams. Thermal choking and its

consequences. Worked examples.

5

II

Fanno flow Governing equations. Illustrations on T-S and P-V diagrams. 15

Friction choking and its consequences. Worked examples

4

Worked examples. Interaction between Nozzle flow and Fanno and 5

Rayleigh Flow.

III 15

Oblique shock wave introduction . Governing equation, detached

shocks, reflected shocks, Prandtl Meyer flow. 4

stratosphere, thermosphere and ionosphere-pressure, temperature and 5

density variations in the atmosphere.

3D or finite aerofoils-effect of releasing the wing tip vortices-

IV replacement of finite wing by horse shoe vortex system- the lifting line 15

theory- wing load distribution-aspect ratio, induced drag- calculation

5

of induced drag from momentum considerations. Skin friction and

form drag-changes in finite wing plan shape. Prandtls Lifting line

theory.

SECOND INTERNAL EXAM

12

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

power available graphs for propellers and jet aircraft-gliding and

5

climbing-rate of climb- service and absolute ceilings-gliding angle and

V speed of flattest glide-take-off and landing performance- 20

length of runway required-aircraft ground run- circling flight-radius of

tightest turn- jet and rocket assisted take-off-high lift devices-range and 4

endurance of airplanes-charts for piston and jet engine aircrafts.

related to Wind tunnels. Elementary ideas on space travel

VI 20

Calculation of earth orbiting and escape velocities ignoring air

resistance and assuming circular orbit-Definition of orbital elements- 3

Elliptic orbits in vacuum

13

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

THERMODYNAMICS AND

01 ME 6305 COMBUSTION SCIENCE 3-0-0 3 2015

Course Objectives

After completing first and second section, the student should understand the basic principles

of thermodynamics of reacting mixtures, bond energy, heat of formation, heat of reaction,

adiabatic flame temperature, evaluation of equilibrium constants and equilibrium

composition, elements of chemical kinetics, Law of mass action, order and molecularity of

reaction, Arrhenius Law, activation energy and collision theory of reaction rates etc. The

student should gain deep knowledge about basic of combustion which enables them to

extend the new technologies for practical

After completing third and fourth section the student should be able to understand various

theories of Ignition and flammability, factors affecting flammability limits, flame quenching,

flame propagation, factors affecting flame speed, premixed and diffusion flames,

characteristics of laminar and turbulent flames, flame stabilization and its stability diagrams

etc. The students will be able to propose new ideas for further developments in the existing

technologies.

After competing fifth and sixth section the student will get an idea about droplet combustion,

coal combustion, coal gasification, free burning fires, combustion generated air pollution,

clean combustion systems etc. for developing the technologies and providing new

innovations for improving mixing and provide better combustion characteristic in oil and gas

burners, stoves etc.

Syllabus

chemistry, chemical reaction kinetics, ignition and flammability, flame propagation and stabilization

Expected Outcome

1. For assessing students knowledge in the subject, various assignments and quizzes may be

conducted. Assignments like designing of a new product of improving an existing one may

be assigned to groups of students.

2. Students may be given a hands on experience to work with shock tubes, droplet combustion

studies, flames, etc for better understanding of the combustion characteristics.

References

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

14

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

2. Sears, F.W. and Salinger G.I., Thermodynamics, Kinetic Theory and Statistical

3. Thermodynamics, 3rd Edition, Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi, 1993.

4. Anderson, J.D., Modern Compressible Flow , 3rd Edition, McGraw-Hill Inc.,2004

5. Bird, G.A., Molecular Gas Dynamics and the Direct Simulation of Gas Flows, Clarendon

Press Oxford , 1994

6. Cengel,Y.A., & Boles, M.A., Thermodynamics An Engineering Approach, Tata McGraw-

Hill

7. Fundamentals of combustion Streldow R. A.

8. Elementary Reaction Kinetics J. L. Rathan

9. Flames Gaydon A. G. &Wolfhard H. G.

COURSE PLAN

Hours Allotted

% of Marks in

End-Semester

Examination

Module

Contents

requirement properties of simple gas - extension to gas mixtures real 4

I gas effects Kinetic theory of gases- 15

Velocity distribution functions The Boltzmann equation, equipartition

of energy 3

sections collision dynamics. 4

II 15

Transport Phenomena Viscosity, Thermal conductivity and diffusion.

3

Combustion-Gravimetric and molal analysis, Introduction to thermo-

chemistry, stoichiometry, bond energy, heat of formation, heat of 3

reaction,

III

adiabatic flame temperature Thermodynamics of reacting mixtures, 15

entropy changes for reacting mixtures chemical equilibrium -

4

equilibrium criteria evaluation of equilibrium constants and

equilibrium composition, The equilibrium collision theory,

The dissociation recombination reaction, Chemical Potential and

Gibbs Phase Rule. chemical reaction rates, Elements of chemical kinetics 3

Law of mass action

IV

order and molecularity of reaction rate equation Arrhenius Law 15

activation energy collision theory of reaction rates transition state

4

theory general theory of chain reactions combustion of CO and

hydrogen.

15

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Ignition and flammability methods of ignition self ignition thermal

theory of ignition

3

determination of self ignition temperature and experimental results

V

20

energy required for

ignition- limits of inflammability factors affecting flammability limits

4

flame quenching

effects of variables on flame quenching.

theory of laminar flame propagation empirical equations for laminar

and turbulent flame velocities. Flame stabilization stability diagrams

for open flames mechanisms of flame stabilization, critical boundary 4

VI velocity gradient stabilization by eddies bluff body stabilization

20

effects of variables on stability limits.

Flame propagation factors affecting flame speed premixed and

diffusion flames, physical structure and comparison characteristics of 3

laminar and turbulent flames

END SEMESTER EXAM

16

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

MECHANICAL

01 ME 6307 3-0-0 3 2015

MEASUREMENTS

Course Objectives

1. To have an idea about the different characteristics of the measuring systems, including the

uncertainty in measurement and also have knowledge to statically analyze experimental data

Measurements are a valuable tool for practicing engineering students.

2. Measurement of field quantities temperature, pressure, velocity by intrusive and non intrusive

method under various conditions met with in practice like steady and unsteady condition

3. To get knowledge about various type of sensors, transducers and accelerometers used in

various types of propulsion systems. To impart knowledge about working and principle of

operation of various wind tunnel

4. Computer assisted data acquisition, data manipulation and presentation

Syllabus

data, Thermometry art of temperature measurement, Different methods for temperature

measurement, Introduction to Pressure Measurements-Mechanical and Electrical types, Measurement

in high speed flows, Laminar & Turbulent flow, Measurement of force or acceleration, torque, power,

principle and operation of wind tunnels, laser based flow measurement, Rayleigh scattering, Raman

scattering, issues in measurement, data acquisition and processing

Expected Outcome

1. Understand the basic principles related to measuring system, measuring uncertainty and

statistically analyze experimental data

2. Able to handle different equipments related to measurement of different field quantities

like temperature, pressure, velocity etc which works on intrusive and non intrusive

techniques

3. To have an idea about principle and operation of various types sensors, transducers

accelerometers etc. Wind tunnels are integral part of aerospace and propulsion systems. By

undergoing this the students will get an exposure about the operation of wind tunnels,

which will be useful for them will working on wind tunnel in laboratory classes.

4. The key to any experiments is its output which is obtained from a data acquisition system.

Students will be able to get an idea how data manipulation and presentation is done so as

to make sure that experimental results are properly recorded.

References

2. S.P.Venkateshan, Mechanical Measurements, Ane-Books Pvt Ltd, 2012

3. Roy.D.Marangoni, John.H.Lienhard, Thomas.G.Beckwith,, Mechanical Measurements,

17

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

4. Richard.S. Figiola, Donald.E. Beasley,Theory and design of mechanical measurements,

Wiley international, 2014

5. R.S.Sirohi, H.C.RadhakrishnaMechanical measurements, New age International, 1991

6. Ernest Doebelin, Mechanical measurements, McGraw-Hill, 2003

7. W. Bolton,Mechatronics, Pearson Education, 2011

8. John Mandal, statistical analysis of experimental data, Dover publications, 1984

9. D.Patranabis, Principle of industrial instrumentation, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2001

10. R.W.Ladenburg,Physical Measurements in Gas Dynamics and Combustion : High Speed

Aerodynamics and Jet Propulsion Vol.IX , Princeton university press, 1954

COURSE PLAN

Hours Allotted

% of Marks in

End-Semester

Examination

Module

Contents

Measuring Instruments Performance characteristics - static and dynamic

4

characteristics.

I

15

Errors in measurements, Statistical analysis of experimental data, Error

estimation, Regression analysis: Parity plot 3

thermometer, Resistance thermometer, Thermistor, Pyrometer,

4

Measurement of transient temperature.

II 15

Introduction to Pressure Measurements-Mechanical and Electrical

types-Pressure transducer- Differential Pressure Transmitters 3

Measurement of velocity(Velocity map using Pitot tube and Pitot static

tube, Hot wire anemometer, Doppler velocimeter and Time of flight

3

velocimeter .

III

20

High speed flow measurement Laminar & Turbulent flow

measurements - Determination of Reynolds stresses. 4

Transducers), Mechanical vibrations : Accelerometers, frequency 4 20

18

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

analysis

High speed wind tunnels. Special purpose tunnels. Shock tubes, Ballistic

ranges. Schlieren, shadowgraph 3

Principle and application of Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and Laser

Doppler Velociemtry (LDV); interferometry 4

Laser Induced Fluorescene, and their application in species

3

concentration and temperature measurements

4

Data Acquisition system - Signal conditioning -

VI

15

Data transmission - A/D & D/A conversion Computer aided

3

experimentation

END SEMESTER EXAM

19

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

01ME6999 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 0-2-0 2 2015

Course Objectives

1. To prepare the student to do the M. Tech project work with a research bias.

2. To formulate a viable research question.

3. To develop skill in the critical analysis of research articles and reports.

4. To analyze the benefits and drawbacks of different methodologies.

5. To understand how to write a technical paper based on research findings.

Syllabus

Intellectual property rights and patent law-Copyleft- Openacess-

Analysis of sample research papers to understand various aspects of research methodology:

Defining and formulating the research problem-Literature review-Development of working

hypothesis-Research design and methods- Data Collection and analysis- Technical writing- Project

work on a simple research problem

Approach

Course focuses on students' application of the course content to their unique research interests. The

various topics will be addressed through hands on sessions.

Expected Outcome

Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to

1. Understand research concepts in terms of identifying the research problem

2. Propose possible solutions based on research

3. Write a technical paper based on the findings.

4. Get a good exposure to a domain of interest.

5. Get a good domain and experience to pursue future research activities.

References

1. C. R. Kothari, Research Methodology, New Age International, 2004

2. Panneerselvam, Research Methodology, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 2012.

3. J. W. Bames, Statistical Analysis for Engineers and Scientists, Tata McGraw-Hill, New York.

4. Donald Cooper, Business Research Methods, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi.

5. Leedy P. D., Practical Research: Planning and Design, McMillan Publishing Co.

6. Day R. A., How to Write and Publish a Scientific Paper, Cambridge University Press, 1989.

7. Manna, Chakraborti, Values and Ethics in Business Profession, Prentice Hall of India, New

Delhi, 2012.

8. Sople, Managing Intellectual Property: The Strategic Imperative, Prentice Hall ofIndia, New

Delhi, 2012.

20

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

COURSE PLAN

Hours Allotted

% of Marks in

End-Semester

Examination

Module

Contents

Types of research: Find examples from literature.

I right - royalty - Intellectual property rights and patent law - Copyleft-

5

Openacess -Reproduction of published material - Plagiarism - Citation

and acknowledgement.

journals in the concerned area. Collection of at least 4 papers in the

area.

Analyze the chosen papers and understand how the authors have

II

undertaken literature review, identified the research gaps, arrived at 4

their objectives, formulated their problem and developed a hypothesis.

FIRST ASSESSMENT

III understand formulation of research methods and analytical and No end

4

experimental methods used. Study of how different it is from semester

previous works. written

examinatio

n

IV Data Collection and analysis. Analyze the chosen papers and study the

5

methods of data collection used. - Data Processing and Analysis

strategies used Study the tools used for analyzing the data.

21

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

SECOND ASSESSMENT

technical paper, difference between abstract and conclusion, layout,

V

illustrations and tables, bibliography, referencing and footnotes- use of 5

tools like Latex.

5

Research design- Methodology paper writing based on a hypothetical

result.

END SEMESTER ASSESSMENT

22

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

01 ME 6391 SEMINAR I 0-0-2 2 2015

Course Objectives

To make students

1. Identify the current topics in the specific stream.

2. Collect the recent publications related to the identified topics.

3. Do a detailed study of a selected topic based on current journals, published papers

and books.

4. Present a seminar on the selected topic on which a detailed study has been done.

5. Improve the writing and presentation skills.

Approach

Students shall make a presentation for 20-25 minutes based on the detailed study of

the topic and submit a report based on the study.

Expected Outcome

1. Get good exposure in the current topics in the specific stream.

2. Improve the writing and presentation skills.

3. Explore domains of interest so as to pursue the course project

23

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

01 ME 6393 PROPULSION ENGINEERING LAB I 0-0-2 1 2015

Course Objectives

1. Should develop knowledge on data acquisition system.

2. Should be able to do heat transfer experiments

3. Should acquire knowledge on CFD software packages.

Syllabus

Experiments on heat transfer equipments and wind tunnel, study performance evaluation of steam

turbines variable compression engines etc.; practicing Fluent software packages.

Expected Outcome

1. Understand data acquisition systems.

2. Understand heat transfer problems through lab experiments.

3. Understand the usage of commercial CFD software packages.

List of Experiments

1. Experiment on Transient Heat Conduction using data acquisition system.

2. Experiment on Boiling and Condensation.

3. Experiment on Heat Pipe.

4. Experiment on Variable Compression Engine.

5. Study of commercial CFD software (grid generation and preparation of simple models)

6. Analysis of Turbulent flow and heat transfer over a flat plate.

7. Evaluation of Cd, Nusselts number

8. Experiment on Wind Tunnel

10. Influence of mass flow rate on heat transfer in internal flow through duct Forced

convection.

11. Experiment on critical heat flux apparatus- for various wire geometry and materials.

12. Laboratory preparation of biodiesel from sunflower oil.

24

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

SEMESTER - II

Syllabus and Course Plan

25

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

AIR-BREATHING

01 ME 6302 PROPULSION AND 3-1-0 4 2015

TURBOMACHINES

Course Objectives

The objectives of this course are to develop an understanding of how air-breathing engines

produce thrust; an ability to do overall engine performance analysis calculations; an ability to

carry out performance calculations for individual engine components; an understanding of

elementary overall engine design considerations. To study about turbo machines, their operation,

flow mechanism through them, performance evaluation, design and testing. To input knowledge

on gas turbines and its applications.

Syllabus

Air Breathing Engines Classification, Basics of Turbo machines ,Intake System in Airplane Engines,

Losses encountered in Turbo machines, Cascade testing, Nozzles, Combustors & Thrust

calculations in Turbojet and Turbofan Engines Working Principles and performance evaluation of

axial flow and radial flow Turbo machines.

Expected Outcome

1. An understanding of the generation of thrust in air-breathing engines and rockets;

2. An ability to carry out simple performance analysis of subsonic and supersonic inlets;

3. An ability to carry out overall performance calculations of turbojets, turbofans and turboprops;

4. An elementary understanding of combustors, afterburners, and exhaust nozzles;

5. Gain an overview of turbo machines, cascade testing and the resulting correlations, the losses

encountered and an understanding of axial and radial flow turbines and compressors.

6. Get an idea about gas turbines involved in aerospace applications

7. An understanding of axial flow compressors and turbines, and an ability to carry out flow

References

Wesley, 2nd Edition, 1992

2. S.L.Dixon, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Turbomachinery, 1998

26

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

COURSE PLAN

Hours Allotted

% of Marks in

End-Semester

Examination

Module

Contents

I 5 15

Turboprop, Turbofan, Turbo shaft, Ramjet,

Subsonic inlets and its flow pattern. Worked examples 4

Specific work- representations on enthalpy entropy diagram.

Fundamental equation of energy transfer, flow mechanism through the

5

impeller, vane congruent flow, velocity triangles, ideal and actual flows,

slip and its estimation, losses and efficiencies, degree of reaction, shape

number and specific speed. 15

II

Two dimensional cascades: cascade nomenclature, lift and drag,

circulation and lift, losses and efficiency, compressor and turbine

cascade performance, cascade test results, cascade correlations, fluid 4

deviation, off design performance, optimum space-chord ratio of

turbine blades

5

a supersonic inlet. External deceleration mechanism. Variable-geometry

intake in supersonic aircraft.

III 4 15

annular combustion chamber.

Thermodynamics, stage losses and efficiency, Soderbergs correlation,

IV 5 15

stage reaction, diffusion within blade rows, efficiencies and

characteristics.

27

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Thermodynamics, Stage losses and efficiency, reaction ratio stage

5

loading, stage pressure rise, stability of compressors.

Flame holders-Simplified model of a flame holder. Nozzles- Subsonic &

Supersonic Nozzles. Working principle of a variable exhaust nozzle in 6

an afterburning Turbojet engine. Ramjet and SCRAM jet engines. Flame

V Stabilization techniques in hypersonic Airplanes. 20

3

thrust calculations in Turbojet, Turbofan and Turbojet with after burner

on performance, operating variables, Open cycle arrangements, Higher

temperature turbine stages- effect of high gas temperature- methods of 3

cooling- high temperature materials- heat exchange in a cooled blade-

VI ideal cooled and actual cooled stage. 20

equilibrium operation- Equilibrium points, Operating line, Transient 6

Operation.

28

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

01 ME 6304 ROCKET PROPULSION 3-0-0 3 2015

Course Objectives

1. The student should develop an idea of the general operating principles of non-air breathing

engines.

2. They should be able to compare the non-air breathing engine based on the

3. propulsion system used like nuclear, electrical etc.

4. They should be able to judge the rocket performance parameters and their optimization

principles.

5. They should develop an in-depth understanding of liquid and solid propellant chemical rockets

and rocket system components like ignition system, combustion system, fuel storage and feed

systems etc.

6. They should develop an awareness of the problems associated with combustion, combustion

instabilities and the procedure of rocket testing.

7. The student should become familiar with the advanced propulsion concepts.

Syllabus

Motion in Space; Rocket Principle; Nozzles; Chemical Propellants; Solid propellant rockets;

Liquid propellant rockets; Monopropellant rockets; Hybrid rockets; Combustion instability;

Electrical rockets; Nuclear and advanced rockets; future goals

Expected Outcome

1. The students should show an understanding of the working of non air breathing engines and

predict their performance at different operating conditions.

2. The students should be able to analyze chemical rockets and design the different system

components.

3. They should be able to select the right propellant for a given application.

4. The student should be able to predict and avoid combustion instabilities and also appreciate the

new and emerging rocket propulsion concepts.

References

1. Hill, P. G. and Peterson, C.R., Mechanics and thermodynamics of propulsion, 2nd ed., Reading,

Massachusetts: Addison Wesley Publishing Company,, 1992.

2. Sutton, G. P. and Biblarj, O. Rocket propulsion elements, 7th Ed., New York: Wiley

Interscience Publications, 2001.

5. Timnat, Y. M., Advanced chemical rocket propulsion, London: Academic Press, 1987.

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

29

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

6. Shapiro, A. H., The dynamics and thermodynamics of compressible fluid flow, vol. 1, New

York: John Wiley and Sons Inc., 1953.

Academic Press, New York, 1963.

Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1960.

COURSE PLAN

Hours Allotted

% of Marks in

End-Semester

Examination

Module

Contents

bodies, frame of reference, impulse, force, universal law for gravitational 3

force, motion in rotating frame of reference.

I pseudo-centrifugal force, Orbits, orbit velocities, orbital period, 15

geosynchronous and geostationary orbits, eccentricity and inclination,

polar, sun-synchronous and other orbits, Energy requirements for orbit, 4

escape velocity, orbital and suborbital flight, state of weightlessness

under free fall

Means of achieving orbit, Motion of a sled initially at rest, Motion of

giant squids, Rocket principle and Rocket equation, Mass ratio of rocket,

4

II 15

desirable parameters to achieve high velocities, propulsive efficiency,

Performance parameters of a rocket, staging and clustering, classification

of rockets

3

Rocket nozzles: Expansion of gases from high pressure chamber, efflux

velocity, shape of nozzle, Convergent divergent nozzle, choking,

III

variation of parameters in nozzle, Expansion ratio of nozzles, 3 15

Performance loss in nozzles

30

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

nozzles, adapted nozzles and unconventional nozzles, mass flow rates

and characteristic velocities, Thrust developed by a rocket, thrust

4

coefficient, vacuum and sea level specific impulse, efficiencies and thrust

correction factor

specific heats, specific heat ratios, temperature and pressure , Choice of

chemical propellants: heats of formation, moles and mixture ratio; choice

of mixture ratio, Calculation of heat of combustion, temperature,

3

molecular mass and rocket Solid propellant rockets: burn rate of double

base and composite propellants, parameters influencing burn rates,

Choice of burn rates for stable operation,

IV Ignition of solid propellant rockets, ignition problems and solutions,

Characteristic burn times and action times of solid propellant rockets, 15

2

variation of burn rates with rocket size, erosive burning, components of

solid propellant

Rocket Solid propellant rockets: burn rate of double base and composite

propellants, parameters influencing burn rates, Choice of burn rates for

stable operation, Propellant grain configurations: design of solid

propellant rocket, Ignition of solid propellant rockets, ignition problems 2

and solutions, Characteristic burn times and action times of solid

propellant rockets, variation of burn rates with rocket size, erosive

burning, components of solid propellant rocket

SECOND INTERNAL EXAM

Introduction to liquid propellant rockets, propellant feed systems, cycles

of operation, gas generator, topping/staged combustion cycle, expander

and other cycles, factors influencing choice of cycle, Thrust chamber,

injector types, combustion chamber, Calculation of efficiency of liquid 4

propellant rockets from non uniform distribution of propellants and

incomplete vaporization, characteristic length of chamber, Cooling of

V

thrust chamber and nozzle. 20

Performance and choice of feed system cycle, Choice of parameters for

liquid propellant rockets, Turbo-pumps for liquid propellant rockets,

Expulsion of propellants using high pressure gas and mass

3

requirements, draining of propellants under microgravity conditions,

Complexity of liquid propellant rockets, determination of performance;

current trends, Monopropellant rockets , Hybrid rockets

Combustion instability in rockets; illustration through examples, bulk

and wave modes of instability, Modeling of bulk mode of instability in

VI solid and liquid propellant rockets, standing waves and characteristic 4 20

frequencies in different wave modes, Modeling of wave mode instability

in rockets, Other types of instabilities; Pogo, vortex shedding etc.,

31

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

electrostatic and electromagnetic thrusters, Gridded ion thrusters,

neutralization and thrust limitations, Hall effect thrusters, Choice of

parameters for electrical thrusters, specific mass and optimum efflux 3

velocity, Current trends in electrical rockets, Nuclear, tri-propellant and

advanced propulsion: Future trends.

32

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

01 ME 6306

TRANSFER ENGINEERING

Course Objectives

To introduce the fundamental concepts of various modes of heat transfer and to further elaborate

these concepts with theories and applications to the solutions of practically relevant engineering

problems.

To impart a basic concept of various types of heat transfer equipments

To make the student capable of designing different types of heat transfer equipments

Syllabus

to free and forced convection, Laminar flow heat transfer, Turbulent flow heat transfer, Radiation, View

factors, Enclosure analysis, gas radiation, Heat exchangers, Heat pipes

Expected Outcome

1. By undergoing this course the students and practicing engineers will be able to refresh fundamental

and technical information.

2. The student will be able to design, operate and maintain various types of heat transfer equipments

References

1. F.P. Incropera and D. Dewitt , Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer, 7th Edition by, John Wiley,

2011.

2. S.P.Venkateshan , Heat Transfer - 2 Ed, (Reprint) , Ane Books Pvt. Ltd. 2011

3. Yonus Cengel, Heat Transfer: A Practical Approach, Mc Graw-Hill, 2002

4. D. Poulikakos, Conduction Heat Transfer, Prentice Hall, 1994.

5. G.E.Myers ,Analytical methods in Conduction Heat Transfer, McGraw Hill, 1971.

6. W. Kays, M. Crawford and B. Weigand , Convective Heat and Mass Transfer, 4th Edition by,

McGraw Hill International, 2005

7. Ramesh . K. Shah and Dusan.P, Fundamentals of heat exchanger design, Wiley, 2002

8. G. P. Peterson An Introduction to Heat Pipes: Modeling, Testing, and Applications, Wiley 1994

33

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

9. D.A. Reay and P.A. Kew, Heat pipes Elsevier publications, 2007

10. Convection Heat Transfer, 3rd Edition by A. Bejan, John Wiley, 2004

11. Louis C. Burmeister Convective Heat Transfer, John Wiley and sons September 10, 1993

12. R. Siegel and J.R.Howell , Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer, Taylor & Francis, 2002.

13. E.M.Sparrow and R.D.Cess Radiation Heat Transfer, , Wadsworth, 1966.

14. H.C.Hottel and A.F.Saroffim, Radiative Transfer, , McGraw hill, 1967.

15. Radiative Heat Transfer, M.F.Modest, McGraw Hill, 2003.

COURSE PLAN

% of

Marks in

Hours End-

Module Contents Allotte Semester

d

Examinati

on

problems unsteady conduction from a semi-infinite solid- solution by 3

similarity transformation method.

I 15

Solution of the general 1D unsteady problem by separation of variables

4

and charts- example problems Laplace equation

homogeneous boundary conditions. 3

laminar and turbulent flows General equation for momentum and 4

energy transport

momentum and energy equations. Approximate calculations of the 3

III boundary layer by the momentum and energy integral 15

momentum and energy. Analog methods Reynolds, Prandtl and Von

34

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

vertical plate, Free convection with a turbulent boundary layer

mathematical definition. View factor Algebra, Hottel's crossed string 3

method, view factors for 2D surfaces using algebra.

IV 15

View factors from 2D surfaces using charts. Radiosity Irradiation method

for gray diffuse enclosures Problems for 2 and 3 surface enclosures 4

parallel plate formula, radiation shields, concept of re-radiating surface.

Simple solutions to the equation of transfer 3

V exchangers, Overall heat transfer coefficient, Fouling factor or dirt factor, 20

Temperature profiles in heat exchangers. Why multi-pass exchangers,

LMTD correction factor, Individual heat transfer coefficient. Pressure 4

drop in the heat exchanger Correlation for tube side pressure drop,

Correlation for shell side pressure drop.

VI designing of the heat exchanger, Double-pipe heat exchanger, Shell and 20

4

tube heat exchanger

wick structure, thermal resistance of saturated wicks, the container,

compatibility, fluid inventory, priming, starting procedure- special types 3

of Heat pipe- Applications

35

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

DYNAMICS

Course Objectives

The subject is aimed at providing ability for mathematical modeling and solution of fluid flow and heat

transfer problems. Main thrust is selecting a numerical method of solution depending the mathematical

nature of the governing equations.

Syllabus

Review of governing equations of fluid flow and heat transfer, finite difference approximations for first

and second order derivatives and order of accuracy. Stability analysis, solution of system of equations,

finite volume discretisation for diffusion and convection terms, finite element discretisation for

diffusion and convection terms, Solution of flow field, pressure based methods, Finite volume

discretisation using OpenFoam

Expected Outcome

At the end of the course the student should be able to know the methods for solving fluid flow and heat

transfer problems. They should be able to write simple computer programs and visualisation of the

results using open source visualization tools.

COURSE PLAN

Hours Allotted

% of Marks in

End-Semester

Examination

Module

Contents

difference approximations for first and second order differential 4

coefficients.

I 15

Analysis of order of accuracy, Von-Neumann analysis for stability of

numerical solution, Convergence of a numerical solution. 3

36

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

method, quadratic forms, differential of a quadratic form,

II

Conjugate gradient method, Gauss seidel and Gauss elimination 15

methods, Computer programs for the above methods 3

discretisations of diffusion and convection terms, 15

3

III

Upwind biased methods, higher order derivatives, evaluation gradients,

4

TVD schemes.

functions, 15

3

IV

Galerkin method, methods for compact storage of matrices. Solution

4

and postprocessing

Pressure based methods 20

4

V

SIMPLE and SIMPLER methods, PISO algorithm, computer

3

programming.

VI 4 20

solver. Paraview, VTK format and visualisation,

flow in a square enclosure, Computations of Nusselts number, skin

friction 3

37

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

3-0-0 3 2015

FOR HEAT TRANSFER AND

FLUID FLOW

Course Objectives

The subject is aimed at providing knowledge for the mathematical formulation and solution using

Finite Element Method for engineering problems associated with heat transfer and fluid flow. Basic

formulation, solving and post processing will be studied.

Syllabus

Review of heat transfer, fluid flow and linear algebra. Finite element procedure using variational and

Galerkin procedure. Formation of solution matrix from the given physical problem. Solution methods.

Programming practice. Introduction to general purpose FEM packages.

Expected Outcome

At the end of the course the student will be able to solve complex physical problems coupled with heat

transfer and fluid flow using FEM. They will be able to identify the boundary conditions and their

incorporation in to the FE equations, solve the problems, interpret the analysis results for the

improvement or modification of the system.

COURSE PLAN

Hours Allotted

% of Marks in

End-Semester

Examination

Module

Contents

equation, initial and boundary conditions. Historical perspective of FEM

and applicability to Thermal Engineering problems. Approximate

I 15

methods, Variational and Galerkins methods. Types of elements, 4

interpolation polynomials. Formulation of element characteristic

matrices. Assembly considerations and boundary conditions.

38

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

natural coordinates, parametric representation, Subparametric,

3

superparametric and Isoparametric elements.

formulation of governing equation, differential and Variational

formulation. Initial, boundary and interface conditions.

4

15

II

Formulation of conductive, convective matrices and nodal heat rate

vectors. Analysis procedure for 2 D conduction with convection.

Programming of simple cases.

3

15

transient heat conduction;

3

III Governing equation with initial and boundary conditions, one

dimensional nonlinear steady-state problems and transient state

4

problems. Programming excersices.

IV 15

form, finite element model, penalty finite element models,

4

Problems in two dimensional flow fields. Formulation and

Programming. 3

diffusion problems.

4

V 20

Transient convection-diffusion problems.

3

Implementation of the adaptive procedure. 4

VI 20

Introduction to general purpose FEM packages. Finite Element analysis

of simple cases using softwares. 3

39

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Year of

Course No. Course Name L-T-P Credits

Introduction

ADVANCED

01 ME 6316 NUMERICAL 3-0-0 3 2015

METHODS

Course Objectives:

and engineering problems.

2. To acquire knowledge in the data analysis and statistical interpretation of experimental

results .

3. To acquire knowledge on the various prediction methods based on the experimental data.

4. To get knowledge on how to minimize the error growth in a particular solution procedure

Syllabus

Solutions of simultaneous equations Direct and Indirect methods-Gauss elimination, Gauss

Seidel and Relaxation methods-Convergence, Eigen value problem-vector iteration method.

Eigen Problems: Introduction ,Basic characteristics, Power method, Inverse power method,

Shifting Eigen values Numerical differential, Numerical integration-Newton Cotes integration

formula ,Gauss quadrature, Error estimate ,Double integration . Solution of ordinary differential

equations-single step and multi- step methods, Simultaneous first order differential equations,

Higher order differential equations. Numerical solution of integral equations. Partial Differential

Equations: General features, classification. Equilibrium problems, Eigen value problems and

propagation problems. Elliptic Equation: Introduction to Finite Difference Method, Finite

Difference approximations of Laplace equation, Consistency, order, stability and convergence,

Modified Differential equation. Finite Difference solution of Laplace equation.- Jacobi, Gauss

Seidel, Relaxation, and Successive over relaxation methods. Derivative boundary conditions.

Finite Difference solution of Poison equation-The Alternating Direction Implicit (ADI) method.

Introduction to Finite Difference Method for solving propagation problems-Fundamental

consideration-General features of convection, Diffusion and Dispersion .Finite difference grids

and finite difference approximation. Finite difference equations. Consistency, order, stability and

convergence. Modified Differential equation. Stability analysis-Discrete perturbation method

and von Neumann method.ParabolicEquations(TheDiffusionProblem):FTCS,Richardson,DuFort-

Frankel,\CrankNicolson.Drirvative boundary conditions. Hyperbolic Equations(The Convection

Problem): Introduction, The Lax Method, FTCS, Upwind, LeapFrog, The Lax Wendroff Method ,

MacCormack methods.

40

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Expected Outcome

After the completion of this course, students will get necessary foundation on the following:

Various Numerical strategy and its comparisons in the solution of mathematical

equations.

How to build mathematical formulations of various physical problems.

Statistical interpretation and data analysis of experimental results.

How to choose a particular numericalscheme for solving a physical problems .

References

1. Numerical methods for Engineers and Scientists, Joe D.Hoffman, McGraw-Hill

2. Numerical methods for Scientific and Engineering computation-Jain.M.K

3. Introduction to Numerical Analysis-Gupta A and Boss S C.

4. Introduction to Numerical Analysis-Hilderbrand FB

5. An Introduction to Numerical Analysis-Kendall E Atkinson

6. Statistics-Murrey R Spiegel

7. Numerical Mathematical Analysis James B.Scarborough

8. Applied Numerical Analysis-C F Gerald&P.O. Wheatley

9. Introductory Method of Numerical Analysis-S.S .Sastry

COURSE PLAN

Hours Allotted

% of Marks in

End-Semester

Examination

Module

Contents

Gauss elimination, Gauss Seidel and Relaxation methods- 4

I Convergence, Eigen value problem-vector iteration method. 15

Eigen Problems:

Introduction, Basic characteristics, Power method ,Inverse power 3

method, Shifting Eigen values.

Numerical differential, Numerical integration-Newton Cotes

II integration formula ,Gauss quadrature, Error estimate ,Double

4 15

integration .

41

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

methods, Simultaneous first order differential equations, Higher order 3

differential equations. Numerical solution of integral equations

FIRST INTERNAL EXAM

. Partial Differential Equations :General features, classification.

Equilibrium problems, Eigen value problems and propagation 3

III problems. 15

Elliptic Equation: Introduction to Finite Difference Method, Finite

Difference approximations of Laplace equation, Consistency, order, 4

stability and convergence, Modified Differential equation.

Finite Difference solution of Laplace equation.- Jacobi, Gauss Seidel,

Relaxation, and Successive over relaxation methods. Derivative 4

IV boundary conditions. 15

Finite Difference solution of Poison equation-The Alternating

Direction Implicit(ADI)method. 3

Introduction to Finite Difference Method for solving propagation

problems-Fundamental consideration-General features of convection,

Diffusion and Dispersion .Finite difference grids and finite difference 4

V approximation. Finite difference equations. 20

Consistency, order, stability and convergence. Modified Differential

equation. Stability analysis-Discrete perturbation method and von 3

Neumann method.

ParabolicEquations(TheDiffusionProblem):FTCS,Richardson,DuFort-

Frankel,\Crank-Nicolson.Drirvative boundary conditions. 4

VI 20

Hyperbolic Equations(The Convection Problem): Introduction,The Lax

Method, FTCS, Upwind, LeapFrog,The Lax Wendroff Method , Mac 3

Cormack Methods

42

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

ADVANCED GAS

01 ME6318 DYNAMICS 3-0-0 3 2015

Course Objectives

Gas flow is one of the main fundamental subjects of propulsion engineering. The objective of this

course to teach the students this subject in an advanced level. Formulation different problems and

solution to some of the simple cases is included to make the students capable of analyzing practical

problems involving compressible flow.

Syllabus

Generalized one dimensional flow ,ane waves in supersonic flow- weak and strong oblique shocks,

Small perturbation theory , two dimensional flow past a wavy wall, Similarity rules- Two dimensional

linearised flow, Introduction to Hypersonic flow, Hypersonic shock wave relations, Compressible

flow through Supersonic Wind Tunnels

Expected Outcome

The students will be able to analyze a flow situation and capable of using these theories in a real life

situation and take appropriate decisions with regard to design and manufacture of various fluid

handling devices

References

1. Shapiro,A.H.; Dynamics and Thermodynamics of Compressible Fluid Flow-Vol,I

2. Liepmann and Roshko; Elements of Gas Dynamics.

3. Becker E;Gas Dynamics

4. Owezarek J A ; Fundamentals of Gas Dynamics

Note; Use of approved charts and tables will be permitted in the examinations.

COURSE PLAN

Hours Allotted

% of Marks in

End-Semester

Examination

Module

Contents

influence coefficients- Flow with constant specific heat and molecular 4

I weight-General methods of solution-simple type of flow.

15

Examples of combined friction and area change- Examples of combined

friction and heat transfer. 3

II 3 15

polar diagram- expansion waves- Prandtl-Meyer expansion functions-

43

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Shock expansion theory Thin aerofoil theory as applied to

4

lifting flat plates and diamonds.

Small perturbation theory Derivation of perturbation equations in two

dimensions- Pressure coefficient-Boundary conditions- two dimensional 4

III flow past a wavy wall in high subsonic and supersonic flow- 15

supersonic thin aerofoil theory-linearised theory-Biconvex and diamond

airfoils-best airfoil shape 3

Gothert rules- 4

IV

Linearised axially symmetric flow. The von Karman rule for Transonic 15

flow. Hypersonic similarity. 3

Introduction to Hypersonic flow. The lift and drag of wings at

hypersonic speeds.

4

V

20

High temperature shock layer on a blunt body moving at hypersonic

speed. Hypersonic shock wave relations

3

4

Normal shock diffusers and oblique shock diffusers.

VI

Design of diffuser throat in supersonic wind tunnel. 20

3

44

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

01 ME 6322

OF MATERIALS

Course Objectives

The aim of the course is to provide information about the structure of crystalline materials, imperfections

in crystals and its implications in the strength of materials, elastic and plastic behavior of crystalline

materials to applied forces. In conjuction with the microstructural aspects of the plasticity a clear idea

about the dislocation theory, strengthening mechanisms and fracture mechanics is attained. Basic

information related to recovery, recrystallisation and grain growth and its influence on mechanical

properties is also obtained. An understanding about the mechanical behavior of polymers, ceramics and

composites is also achieved.

Syllabus

recovery, recrystallisation and grain growth, Alloying Fracture, Fatigue and creep. Mechanical behavior

of composites, polymers and ceramics. Advanced materials

Expected Outcome

1. Have a thorough understanding about the structure of crystalline solids and the various imperfections

in it.

2. Attain an in-depth understanding about dislocation theory and the various strengthening mechanisms.

3. Achieve basic concepts of fracture mechanics and failure mechanisms like fatigue and creep.

4. Gives information about the mechanical behavior of polymers, ceramics and composites.

References

Reference books :

45

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

COURSE PLAN

% of

Marks in

Hours End-

Module Contents Allott Semester

ed

Examinat

ion

motion and dislocation theory, Slip in crystalline solids,

I 15

Deformation twinning and kink bands, Grain boundaries and poly

crystalline aggregates, Plasticity and the theoretical strength of

4

materials.

anisotropic material, Stress-strain curves.

II 15

plasticity; empirical relations for stress and strain, criteria for necking,

Yield Criteria, strength coefficient and strain hardening exponent, 4

Effect of strain rate and temperature on tensile properties and torsion,

Mechanical testing methods

hardening, precipitation hardening, Recovery, recrystallisation and grain 3

growth, Principles of Alloying.

III Solid solutions and intermediate phases - Gibbs phase rule and 15

equilibrium diagram - types of binary phase diagrams ,Isomorphous -

4

Eutectic -Peritectic and Peritectoid reactions, Iron-iron carbide equilibrium

diagram, TTT diagram, martensitic transformation

46

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

4

IV 15

Polymers and Composites, Advance and modern materials

3

4

surface for ductile, brittle and mixed modes.

V 20

The history of failure of engineering structures and parts, high strain rate,

stress concentration and low temperature effects, impact tests and results, 3

transition temperature and factors affecting transition temperature.

and testing machines, determination of fatigue strength. Factors affecting

fatigue- size, surface, stress concentration, 3

VI 20

Creep, Creep curve, Creep mechanisms, Low temperature and high

temperature creep theories, Fracture at elevated temperature. Stress

rupture, Deformation mechanism maps, Material aspects of creep design, 4

Creep resistance as related to material properties and structure, Super

plasticity

47

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

ENERGY CONVERSION

01 ME 6324 3-0-0 3 2015

AND MANAGEMENT

Course Objectives

2. Create knowledge about the direct energy conversion systems

3. To make the students aware of the management of energy sources and its utilization

Syllabus

Review of the conventional energy conversion systems hydro, thermal and nuclear power

plants. Solar Thermal Conversion Solar photovoltaic systems - applications of nano

materials/technology in solar energy - Power electronics for Photovoltaic systems - Solar

Photocatalysis. Utilisation of gasifier for electricity generation - Sustainable cofiring of biomass

with coal. Liquid biofuel - Synthesis biofuel . mini and micro hydro power plants Hydrogen

energy. Fuel cell working principle types and applications. Ocean energy conversion OTEC,

wave energy and tidal energy. Geothermal power plants. Magneto Hydro dynamic energy

conversion - Basics thermoelectric engine - Thermoelectric materials - Applications. Thermionic

emission - Richardsons equation - Analysis of high vacuum thermionic converter Gaseous

converters - Energy management and auditing Electrical Energy Management Thermal Energy

Management

Expected Outcome

1. Students will become aware of the sources of energy

2. Familiarize the modern energy conversion technologies.

3. Understand the importance of energy management.

References

1. Tiwari GN. Solar Energy, Fundamentals design, modeling and Applications. Narosa, 2002

2. Kishore VVN. Renewable Energy Engineering and Technologies, TERI, 2009

3. Mukunda H S. Understanding clean energy and fuels from biomass. Wiley-India Pvt, Ltd,2011

4. Rai G D, Non-conventional energy sources. Khanna Publication, 2001

5. G.R. Nagpal, S.C. Sharma, Power plant Engineering, Khanna Publishers, 2013

48

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

7. General aspects of energy management and energy audit, 2010 BEE Guide book.

8. Amlan Chakrabarti, Energy engineering and management, PHI Learning, New Delhi 2012

COURSE PLAN

Hours Allotted

% of Marks in

End-Semester

Examination

Module

Contents

2

and nuclear power plants

I 15

Solar Thermal Conversion Solar photovoltaic systems - applications of

nano materials/technology in solar energy - Power electronics for 5

Photovoltaic systems - Solar Photocatalysis

Utilisation of gasifier for electricity generation - Sustainable cofiring of

biomass with coal. 4 15

II

Liquid biofuel - Synthesis biofuel - mini and micro hydro power plants

3

Hydrogen energy production, storage, transportation and application 4

III 15

Fuel cell working principle types and applications 3

Ocean energy conversion OTEC, wave energy and tidal energy

4

IV 15

Geothermal power plants - Magneto Hydro dynamic energy conversion 3

Basics thermoelectric engine - Thermoelectric materials - Applications 3

V 20

Thermionic emission - Richardsons equation - Analysis of high vacuum

4

thermionic converter Gaseous converters

Energy management and auditing 4

VI 20

Electrical Energy Management Thermal Energy Management 3

49

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

01 ME 6392 MINI PROJECT 0-0-4 2 2015

Course Objectives

To make students

Approach

The student shall present two seminars and submit a report.The first seminar shall

highlight the topic, objectives, methodology, design and expected results. The

second seminar is the presentation of the work / hardwareimplementation.

Expected Outcome

1. Identify and solve various problems associated with designing and implementing a

system or application.

2. Test the designed system or application

50

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

PROPULSION

01 ME 6394 0-0-2 1 2015

ENGINEERING LAB II

Course Objectives

Enable the students to do convective heat transfer experiments and verify the correlations also

understand the importance of various dimensionless numbers in heat transfer analysis

Syllabus

Expected Outcome

Students will be capable of analyzing heat transfer problems. Doing measurements using probes.

List of Experiments

1. Generation of correlation for natural convection process by experimental method.

2. Generation of correlation for forced convection by experimental method.

3. Performance evaluation of compact heat exchangers.

4. Experiment to determine the effect of condenser and evaporator pressure on Vapour

compression refrigeration system.

5. Analysis of Natural Convection in an enclosure. Evaluation of Nusselts number and comparison

with reported results.

6. Analysis of flow and heat transfer through porous media.

7. Flow and heat transfer in a rotating disc.

8. Pressure measurement using probes.

9. Experiment on flow visualization.

51

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

SEMESTER - III

Syllabus and Course Plan

52

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Industrial Safety and Hazards 3-0-0 3 2015

01 ME 7311

Management

Course Objectives

To provide comprehensive knowledge of safety and hazards aspects in industries and the

management of hazards.

Syllabus

Industrial processes and hazards potential. Safety and hazards regulations, Industrial hygiene.

Factories Act, 1948 and Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 and rules thereof. Shock wave

propagation, VCE and BLEEVE, explosions, multiphase reactions, transport effects and global

rates. Preventive and protective management from fires and explosion. Hazards identification,

Material safety data sheet, Hazards indices- Dow and Mond indices, hazard operability (HAZOP)

and hazard analysis (HAZAN). Spill and leakage, Estimation of leakage/spill rate, Release of toxics

and dispersion. Naturally buoyant and dense gas dispersion models. Case Studies

Expected Outcome

The students shall be able to identify the hazard potentials, to know the hazard regulations,

Environmental protection Acts, To control the leaks and their preventions.

References

1. Crowl D.A. and Louvar J.F., Chemical Process Safety: Fundamentals with Applications, 2nd Ed.,

Prentice Hall. 2001

2. Mannan S., Lees Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, Vol. I, 3rd Ed.,

Butterworth- Heinemann. 2004

3. Mannan S., Lees Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, Vol. II, 3rd Ed., Butterworth-

Heinemann. 2005

4. Mannan S., Lees Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, Vol. III, 3rd Ed., Butterworth-

Heinemann. 2005

53

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

COURSE PLAN

Hours Allotted

% of Marks in

End-Semester

Examination

Module

Contents

electrical, thermal and process hazards.

I

Safety and hazards regulations, Industrial hygiene. Factories Act, 1948 and 3

Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 and rules thereof.

Fire and Explosion: Shock wave propagation, vapour cloud and boiling 3 15

liquid expanding vapours explosion (VCE and BLEVE),.

II

mechanical and chemical explosion, multiphase reactions, transport effects 4

and global rates

Relief Systems: Preventive and protective management from fires and 3 15

explosion-inerting,

III

static electricity passivation, ventilation, and sprinkling, proofing, relief 4

systems relief valves, flares, scrubbers.

dust concentration;

IV

Material safety data sheet, hazards indices- Dow and Mond indices, hazard 3

operability (HAZOP) and hazard analysis (HAZAN).

Leaks and Leakages: Spill and leakage of liquids, vapors, gases and their 4 20

mixture from storage tanks and equipment; Estimation of leakage/spill

V

rate through hole, pipes and vessel burst;

54

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

liquids, pool evaporation and boiling; Release of toxics and dispersion.

Naturally buoyant and dense gas dispersion models; Effects of

momentum and buoyancy; Mitigation measures for leaks and releases.

Case Studies: Flixborough, Bhopal, Texas, ONGC offshore, HPCL Vizag 4 20

and Jaipur IOC oil-storage depot incident.

VI

Oil, natural gas, chlorine and ammonia storage and transportation 3

hazards.

55

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Advanced Optimization

01 ME 7313 3-0-0 3 2015

Techniques

Course Objectives

2. To choose the appropriate optimization method that is more efficient to the problem at

hand.

3. To formulate the given problem in a mathematical format that is acceptable to an

optimization algorithm

Syllabus

Dimensional Unconstrained Minimization - Unconstrained optimization of functions involving

several variables Constrained optimization Integer and Discrete programming Penalty

Function methods - Goal programming Pareto optimality.

Expected Outcome

varied disciplines.

2. The student will be able to model a real-world decision problem as an optimization

problem.

3. The student will be able to perform a critical evaluation and interpretation of

analysis and optimization results.

References

1. H.A. Taha, Operations Research: An Introduction, Pearson Education

2. S.S. Rao, Engineering Optimization: Theory and Practice, New Age International Publishers.

Pearson Education.

5. Kalavathy.S, Operations Research with C Programs, Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd.

6. M.S. Bazaraa, J.J. Jarvis, H.D. Sherali, Linear Programming and Network Flows, John Wiley

& Sons.

56

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

7. Kalyanmoy Deb, Optimization for Engineering Design: Algorithms and Examples, Prentice-

Hall of India Pvt. Ltd.

COURSE PLAN

Module Contents

I optimization

II

Duality in LP, Decomposition principle, Sensitivity analysis

Variable minimization, Unimodality and Bracketing the Minimum

III

Fibonacci method, Golden Section method, Polynomial based methods: Brents

Algorithm, Newtons method.

conditions, Convexity, The Steepest Descent method,

IV

The Conjugate Gradient method, Newtons method, Quasi-Newton method, DFP

method, BFGS method.

V multiplier method, KKT conditions, Farkas Lemma, Convex problems, Zoutendijks

method, The GRG method.

algorithm for mixed integers, Gomory cut method.

Penalty Function methods: Exterior Penalty Functions, Interior Penalty Functions, The

VI

Augmented Lagrangian method.

57

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Nuclear Science and

01 ME 7315 3-0-0 3 2015

Technology

Course Objectives

2. To introduce various types of reactors and factors involved in the construction of nuclear reactors.

Syllabus

Review of elementary nuclear physics, Indias Nuclear Power programme, Nuclear Reactions and

Radiations, Nuclear reactor principles, Materials of reactor construction, Nuclear fuels and Nuclear fuel

cycle, Boiling water reactor, Pressurized water Reactor, Introduction to Light Water and Advanced heavy

water reactor concepts, Applications of nuclear reactor in space and marine propulsion , Liquid Metal

fast reactors, Reactor Heat Removal, The fusion process, Radiation safety, Safety approaches in reactor

Design, Regulatory process in India

Expected Outcome

1. Gain knowledge on different types of technologies employed in nuclear reactors

2. Gain knowledge on factors to be considered for designing equipments for nuclear power

plants

3. Awareness about the safety systems in nuclear power plant and radiation protection

References

1. Samuel Glasstone ,Alexander Sesonske , Nuclear Reactor Engineering Reactor Design Basics

(Volume - 1), 4th Edition, CBS Publisher,2004 .

Engineering (Volume - 2), 4th Edition, CBS Publisher,2004.

3. Lamarsh, John. Introduction to Nuclear Engineering. 3rd ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall,

2001

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Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

COURSE PLAN

Hours Allotted

% of Marks in

End-Semester

Examination

Module

Contents

fission, Introduction to Indias Nuclear Power programme 3

I 15

Nuclear Reactions and Radiations: Principles of radioactive decay-

interaction of , & rays with matter, neutron cross sections and 4

reactions.

Nuclear reactor principles: The fission process - chain reaction. Basic

principles of controlled fission. Reactor classification-critical size, basic

4

diffusion theory, slowing down of neutrons-neutron flux and power.

II

Four factor formula, six factor formula-criticality condition, basic 15

features of reactor control-fission product poisoning, effect of 3

temperature on reactivity.

FIRST INTERNAL EXAM

Materials of reactor construction: Fuel, moderator, coolant, structural

materials, cladding, radiation damage. 4

extraction, reprocessing of irradiated fuel, separation process, Fuel

3

enrichment.

control and safety features.

Pressurized water Reactor: Description of reactor system, main 4

IV components, control and safety features. 15

Introduction to Light Water and Advanced heavy water reactor

concepts. Applications of nuclear reactor in space and marine 3

propulsion

SECOND INTERNAL EXAM

Liquid Metal fast reactors: layouts, fuel design, Intermediate Circuits

3

Sodium pumps Auxiliary Circuits Reactor.

V Heat Removal: Basic equations of heat transfer as applied to reactor 20

cooling, decay heat removal, Reactor heat transfer systems, heat 4

removed in fast reactors.

59

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Lawsons Criteria.

4

radiation protection, nuclear waste disposal.

VI Safety approaches in reactor Design: Defense in depth, design basis

20

events, beyond design basis events. Regulatory process in India: Site

3

approval. Construction approval, operating license and regulatory

inspection

END SEMESTER EXAM

60

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

01 ME 7317 Multiphase Flow 3-1-0 4 2015

Course Objectives

1. To prepare the students in understanding Two phase flow and how to model and analyze.

2. To introduce the students various research scope in multiphase flow.

3. To understand complex heat transfer mechanism in flow boiling and apply them in the

design of heat transfer equipment used in nuclear reactor ,boiler ,combustor ,rocket motors etc

Syllabus

Method of analysis-flow pattern-vertical and horizontal channels-flow pattern maps and transitions.

Void fraction-definitions of multiphase flow parameters-one dimensional continuity, momentum and

energy equation-pressure gradient components: frictional, acceleration and gravitational.

Basic Flow models: Homogeneous flow model-Pressure gradient-Two phase friction factor for laminar

and turbulent flow-Two phase viscosity-Friction multiplier. Separated flow model-Pressure gradient

relationship-Lokhart-Martinelli correlation -Parameter X and its evaluation

Empirical Treatment: Drift Flux model-Gravity dominated flow regime-correlation for void fraction and

velocity distribution in different flow regimes-pressure losses due to multiphase flow velocity and

concentration profilesConvective boiling: Thermodynamics of vapour /liquid systems-super heat

requirement-homogeneous nucleation-Isothermal and Isobaric Bubble dynamic in pool boiling, Bubble

departure from heated surface. Hydrodynamics of pool boiling -Helmholtz and Taylors instability-Pool

Boiling heat transfer, Commonly used non dimensional groups, Bubble agitation mechanism, Vapour

liquid exchange mechanism, Microlayer mechanism.

Regime of Flow boiling heat transfer-Boiling map-DNB-Critical Heat flux in forced convection boiling.

Microscopic analysis of CHF mechanism in flow boiling, Liquid core convection and boundary layer

effects in flow boiling. Condensation: Liquid formation-Droplet growth. Nusselt theory on film

condensation- -Condensation within vertical tube -Dropwise condensation-Pressure gradient in

condensing systems

Expected Outcome

1. After the course students shall become more equipped to design heat transfer equipment used

in Two phase flow such as boiler, condenser, fluidised bed combustor. etc

2. Since boiling phenomena is not yet fully understood and many associated factors are still

there to be uncovered students shall take interest to undertake research in this area.

3. Students shall use their knowledge in this field to many other major items of chemical and

power plant.

References

61

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

2. G. W.Wallis, "One Dimensional Two Phase Flow"

3. Y.Y.Hsu,R.W.Graham," Transport Processes in Boilig &Two Phase Flow"

4. L.S.Tong,Y.S.Tang,"Boiling Heat Transfer And Two Phase Flow",Tayloir $Francis

5. A.F.Mills,V.Ganesan,"Heat Transfer",Second edition,2009,Pearson Education

COURSE PLAN

Hours Allotted

% of Marks in

End-Semester

Examination

Module

Contents

pattern maps and transitions. Void fraction-definitions of multiphase 5

I flow parameters 15

One dimensional continuity, momentum and energy equation-pressure

gradient components: frictional, acceleration and gravitational. 5

phase friction factor for laminar and turbulent flow-Two phase

5

viscosity-Friction multiplier.

II

Separated flow model-Pressure gradient relationship-Lokhart-Martinelli 15

correlation -Parameter X and its evaluation 5

Empirical Treatment: Drift Flux model-Gravity dominated flow regime-

correlation for void fraction and velocity distribution in different flow

5

III regimes- 15

Pressure losses due to multiphase flow velocity and concentration

profiles 4

heat requirement-homogeneous nucleation-Isothermal and Isobaric 5

Bubble dynamic in pool boiling, Bubble departure from heated surface

IV Hydrodynamics of pool boiling -Helmholtz and Taylors instability-Pool 15

Boiling heat transfer, Commonly used non dimensional groups, Bubble

4

agitation mechanism, Vapor liquid exchange mechanism, Microlayer

mechanism

SECOND INTERNAL EXAM

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

62

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

flux in forced convection boiling. 5

V 20

Microscopic analysis of CHF mechanism in flow boiling, Liquid core

convection and boundary layer effects in flow boiling 4

condensation- -Condensation within vertical tube. 5

VI 20

Dropwise condensation-Pressure gradient in condensing systems

4

63

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

01 ME 7319 TURBULENCE 3-1-0 4 2015

Course Objectives

This course aims at imparting knowledge about the basic features of turbulent flow, its characteristics,

mathematical basics for modeling. Turbulence models and modeling concepts.

Syllabus

Function. Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes Equations Vorticity Dynamics ,Turbulence models. Large

eddy and direct numerical simulations.

Expected Outcome

At the end of the course the students will gain knowledge to solve problems associated with turbulent

flow.

References

1. Tennekes, H. and Lumley,J.L. "A first course on turbulence" MIT Press, Cambridge Mass., 1972.

2. Pope S.B. "Turbulence" Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K., 2000.

3. Biswas, G. and Eswaran, V. C. "Turbulent flows" Narosa Publishing House NewDelhi,2002.

4. Davidson P.A, Turbulence Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K, 2004.

5. Wilcox, D.C. "Turbulence modeling for CFD", DCW Industries, La Canada, CA, 3rd edition 2006.

COURSE PLAN

Hours Allotted

% of Marks in

End-Semester

Examination

Module

Contents

I and Fluctuations, Consequences of Turbulence, Homogeneous-Isotropic 15

5

Turbulence. Probability density function Correlation Functions, Ideas

about eddy size.

64

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Hypothesis and Energy Cascade. Kolmogorov Universal Law for the

Fine Structure, Energy Cascade, Kolmogorov Length Scale, 5

Kolmogorov's First Hypothesis, Kolmogorov's Second Hypothesis.

Reynolds' Decomposition

5

II

Examples of Turbulent Fluctuations, Closure problem. Boussinisque 15

approximation, Eddy viscosity. 5

Vorticity Dynamics: Introduction, Vorticity and the equations of motion,

Reynolds stress and vorticity. 4

III 15

The Vorticity Equation, Vorticity in Turbulent Flows. The Energy

Cascade 5

Wall Bounded Flows and Free Shear Flows. The Law of the Wall for

Wall Bounded Flows, The Universal Velocity Profile. 5

IV 15

Turbulent Jet: Free Shear Flows, Turbulent Jets, Uniform Eddy Viscosity

model . 4

Eddy Viscosity Models, Zero-Equation Models. One-Equation Model:

V One-Equation Model, Two-Equation Model. Two Equation Models: k - 20

4

Model, SST (Shear Stress Transport) Turbulence Model. SST Model,

Features of Near Wall Flow, Near Wall Treatment in Transport Equation

based Models, Wall Function Approach, Low Reynolds number version

of k - model: Asymptotic Consistency, Damping Functions. RNG k - 5

Model and Kato-Launder Model: RNG k - Model and Kato-Launder

Model. The Realizable k - Model, Reynolds Stress Models.

Sub grid-Scale Closure, Standard Sub grid-Scale Model. 5

VI 20

Dynamic Model of LES : Dynamic Model of LES. Direct Numerical

Simulation. 4

65

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

CRYOGENICS

01 ME 7321 3-0-0 3 2015

ENGINEERING

Course Objectives

The word cryogenics stems from Greek and means "the production of icy cold". The

objective of the course is to give the students basic idea about the history, material selection,

design, development, analysis and applications of Cryogenics in the various fields of

engineering, medicine and technology.

Syllabus

Simple vapour compression refrigeration cycle and actual cycle - analysis, Ewings

construction. Compressors - reciprocating, centrifugal and screw type, volumetric efficiency

and performance. Limitations of single stage vapour compression refrigeration system.

Analyses of multi pressure and multi evaporator vapour compression refrigeration

systems. Vapour absorption refrigeration systems: Derivation of COP, performance of the

system with different refrigerant and absorber combinations and criteria for selection-

performance characteristics Introduction to Cryogenics, Distinction between Refrigeration

and Cryogenics, Historical development, P r e s e n t areas involving cryogenic engineering

Applications of Cryogenics: Applications in space, Food Processing, super

Conductivity, Electrical Power, Biology, Medicine and Electronics . Cryogenic fluids

and their properties, Properties of materials at cryogenic temperature: Mechanical

properties, Thermal properties, Electrical and magnetic properties.

Maximum Inversion temperature, Joule Thomson Coefficient, Isenthalpic expansion of

ideal gas, Joule Thomson expansion of a real gas, Adiabatic expansion, Comparison of J-T

and adiabatic expansions Gas liquefaction systems:

Introduction,Thermodynamicallyideal system, Simple Linde Hampson System, Precooled

Linde Hampson System, Linde Dual Pressure System, Claude System, Kapitza System,

Heylandt System, Collins System

liquefaction systems for neon, hydrogen and helium, Components of gas liquefaction

systems: Heat Exchangers, Compressors and Expanders Cryogenic Refrigeration cycles :

Carnot and Ideal Stirling Cycle, Derivation of its COP, Philips refrigerator, Actual Stirling

cycle, Cryocooler fundamentals, Different types and their applications, Stirling, Pulse Tube,

Gifford McMahon, Solvay Cryocoolers.

Cryogenic fluid Storage vessels, Cryogenic Insulations, Safety in Cryogenics

66

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Expected Outcome

After the completion of the course, the student should be able to apply this knowledge

independently

2.In the design and development of cryogenic propulsion systems, gas liquefaction systems,

cryocoolers and their components for different Cryogenic applications like space,

superconductivity, medicine, biology etc

References

1. Klaus D.Timmerhaus and Thomas M.Flynn, " Cryogenic Process Engineering " Plenum

Press, New York, 1989.

2. Cryogenic systems by Randal F.Barron, McGraw Hill, 1986

3. Cryogenic Engineering by R. B. Scott

4. George P.Sutton.,Rocket propulsion elements, Jhon Wiley and Sons

5. Bell.J.h. Junior, Cryogenic Engineering, Printice Hall

6. Bazzere M. Rocket propulsion,Elservier Publishing company

7. Huzal D.K., Liquid rocket engines, NASA SP 1125

COURSE PLAN

Hours Allotted

% of Marks in

End-Semester

Examination

Module

Contents

Cryogenics, Historical development, P r e s e n t areas involving

cryogenic engineering. 3

I 15

Applications of Cryogenics: Applications in space, Food

Processing, super Conductivity, Electrical Power, Biology, 4

Medicine and Electronics .

cryogenic temperature: Mechanical properties, Thermal properties,

II Electrical and magnetic properties. 4 15

67

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Inversion Curve, Maximum Inversion temperature, Joule Thomson

Coefficient, Isenthalpic expansion of ideal gas, Joule Thomson

expansion of a real gas, Adiabatic expansion, Comparison of J-T and 3

adiabatic expansions

Gas liquefaction systems: Introduction, Thermodynamically ideal

system, Simple Linde Hampson System, Precooled Linde Hampson

4

System, Linde Dual Pressure System, Claude System, Kapitza System,

III Heylandt System, Collins System 15

Cooling by adiabatic demagnetization technique, Simon helium Liquefier

Special liquefaction systems for neon, hydrogen and helium.

3

Components of gas liquefaction systems: Heat Exchangers, Compressors

and Expanders .

Cryogenic Refrigeration cycles : Carnot and Ideal Stirling Cycle,

Derivation of its COP, Philips refrigerator, Actual Stirling cycle, 4

IV Cryocooler fundamentals, 15

Different types and their applications, Stirling, Pulse Tube, Gifford

McMahon, Solvay Cryocoolers. 3

Cryogenic fluids liquid hydrogen liquid oxygen etc. Cryogenic fluid

Storage and transfer systems, Cryogenic Insulations, Safety in 4

V Cryogenics adiabatic expansions. 20

cooling of detectors used in space crafts 3

engines, performance parameters, merits of cryogenic propellants, 4

multistage rockets, survey of cryogenic engines used world wide.

VI 20

Elements of cryogenic engines and their functions. Description of

various sub systems gas generator, propellant storage and feed

systems,combustion chamber ,nozzle etc., cooling of rocket engines. 3

68

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

01ME7391 SEMINAR II 0-0-2 2 2015

Course Objectives

To make students

1. Identify the current topics in the specific stream.

2. Collect the recent publications related to the identified topics.

3. Do a detailed study of a selected topic based on current journals, published papers

and books.

4. Present a seminar on the selected topic on which a detailed study has been done.

5. Improve the writing and presentation skills.

Approach

Students shall make a presentation for 20-25 minutes based on the detailed study of

the topic and submit a report based on the study.

Expected Outcome

1. Get good exposure in the current topics in the specific stream.

2. Improve the writing and presentation skills.

3. . Explore domains of interest so as to pursue the course project.

69

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

01ME7393 PROJECT (PHASE 1) 0-0-12 6 2015

Course Objectives

To make students

2. Explore in depth a subject of his/her own choice.

3. Start the preliminary background studies towards the project by conducting

literature survey in the relevant field.

4. Broadly identify the area of the project work, familiarize with the tools required for

the design and analysis of the project.

5. Plan the experimental platform, if any, required for project work.

Approach

The student has to present two seminars and submit an interim Project report. The

first seminar would highlight the topic, objectives, methodology and expected

results. The first seminar shall be conducted in the first half of this semester. The

second seminar is the presentation of the interim project report of the work

completed and scope of the work which has to be accomplished in the fourth

semester.

Expected Outcome

Upon successful completion of the project phase 1, the student should be able to

1. Identify the topic, objectives and methodology to carry out the project.

2. Finalize the project plan for their course project.

70

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

SEMESTER - IV

Syllabus and Course Plan

71

Kerala Technological University

Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

01ME7494 PROJECT (PHASE II) 0-0-23 12 2015

Course Objectives

Approach

There shall be two seminars (a mid term evaluation on the progress of the work and

pre submission seminar to assess the quality and quantum of the work). At least one

technical paper has to be prepared for possible publication in journals / conferences

based on their project work.

Expected Outcome

Upon successful completion of the project phase II, the student should be able to

1. Get a good exposure to a domain of interest.

2. Get a good domain and experience to pursue future research activities.

72

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