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KERALA

TECHNOLOGICAL
UNIVERSITY
Master of Technology

Curriculum, Syllabus and Course Plan

Cluster : 01

Branch : Mechanical Engineering

Stream : Propulsion Engineering

Year : 2015

No. of Credits : 67
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

SEMESTER 1

End Semester
Examination Slot

Course Number
Examination

Internal Marks
Name L-T-P

Duration

Credits
(hours)
Marks
Linear algebra, Random processes
A 01MA6015 2-1-0 40 60 3 3
and Special functions
B 01ME 6301 Fluid Mechanics and Heat transfer 3-1-0 40 60 3 4
Aerodynamics and Gas dynamics 60 3 4
C 01ME 6303 3-1-0 40
Thermodynamics and Combustion
D 01ME6305 2-1-0 40 60 3 3
science
E 01ME6307 Mechanical Measurements 3-0-0 40 60 3 3
S 01 ME6999 Research Methodology 0-2-0 100 2
T 01ME6391 Seminar I 0-0-2 50 1
U 01ME6393 Propulsion Engineering Lab I 0-0-2 50 2

TOTAL 15-4-4 400 300 - 22

TOTAL CONTACT HOURS : 23

TOTAL CREDITS : 22

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

2
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

SEMESTER 2

End Semester
Examination Slot

Course Number Examination

Internal Marks
Name L-T-P

Duration

Credits
(hours)
Marks
Air-breathing Propulsion and 3-1-0
A 01ME6302 40 60 3 4
Turbo machines
B 01ME6304 Rocket Propulsion 3-0-0 40 60 3 3
C 01ME6306 Advanced Heat Transfer Engineering 3-0-0 40 60 3 3
Elective I 3-0-0
D 40 60 3 3
Elective II 3-0-0
E 40 60 3 3

V 01ME6392 Mini Project 0-0-4 100 2


U 01ME6394 Propulsion Engineering Lab II 0-0-2 50 1
TOTAL 15-1-6 350 300 - 19

TOTAL CONTACT HOUR : 22

TOTAL CREDITS : 19

Elective I
01ME6312 Computational Fluid Dynamics
01ME6314 Finite Element Method For Heat Transfer And Fluid Flow
01ME6316 Advanced Numerical Methods

Elective II
01ME6318 Advanced Gas Dynamics
01ME6322 Mechanical behavior of materials
01ME6324 Energy Conversion and Management

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

3
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

SEMESTER 3

End Semester
Examination Slot

Course Number

Examination

Internal Marks
Name L-T-P

Duration

Credits
(hours)
Marks
A Elective III 3-0-0 40 60 3 3
B Elective IV 3-0-0 40 60 3 3

T 01ME7391 Seminar II 0-0-2 50 2

W 01ME7393 Project (Phase 1) 0-0-12 100 6

TOTAL 6-0-14 230 120 - 14

TOTAL CONTACT HOURS : 20

TOTAL CREDITS : 14

Elective III
01ME7311 Industrial Safety and Hazards Management
01ME7313 Advanced Optimization Technique
01ME7315 Nuclear Science And Technology

Elective IV
01ME7317 Multiphase flow
01ME7319 Turbulence
01ME7321 Cryogenics Engineering

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

4
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

SEMESTER 4

End Semester
Examination Slot

Course Number Examination

Internal Marks
Name L-T-P

Duration
(hours)
Marks

Credit
W 01ME7394 Project (Phase 2) 0-0-23 70 30 12

TOTAL 0-0-23 70 30 - 12

TOTAL CONTACT HOURS : 23

TOTAL CREDITS : 12

TOTAL NUMBER OF CREDITS: 67

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

5
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

SEMESTER - I
Syllabus and Course Plan

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

6
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Course No. Course Name L-T-P Credits Year of Introduction


LINEAR ALGEBRA,
01MA6015 RANDOM PROCESSES AND 2-1-0 3 2015
SPECIAL FUNCTIONS

Course Objectives

1. Develop a conceptual basis for Linear algebra.


2. Equip the Students with a thorough understanding of vector spaces and linear transformations
3. To learn some advance concepts in random processes.
4. To expose to ideas on special functions

Syllabus

Vector Spaces-linear Transformations-orthogonally-least square solutions-matrix factorizations-


random processes- Gaussian processes- Discrete time Markov chains-Birth death processes-
queuing Models-Series solution of ordinary differential equations- Bessels equation, Legendre
Equation, Hermite equation Laguerre Equation -Tschebyschevsequation orthogonlity-
generating functions

Expected Outcome
Upon successful completion of this course, students will be familiar with some of the basic tools in
higher mathematics viz,linear algebra random processes and special functions, which are essential
for higher studies and research in engineering.

References

1. David C. Lay, Linear Algebra, Pearson, 4th ed., 2012.


2. Seymour Lipschulz, Linear Algebra, Tata mc Graw Hill.
3. B. S. Grewal, Higher Engineering Mathematics, Khanna Publishers, 40th ed.
4. Peter V ONeil; Advanced Engineering mathematics Cengage Learning India Pvt ltd.
5. Alberto Leon-Garcia, Probability and Random Processes for Electrical Engineering, Pearson,
2nd ed., 2009
6.V.G.Kulkarni: Introduction to modelling and analysis of stochastic systems
7. S. M. Ross, Introduction to Probability Models, Elsevier, 10th ed., 2009.
8. T. Veerarajan, Probability and Random Process, Tata McGraw-Hill, 3rd ed., 2011

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

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Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

COURSE PLAN

Module Course description Hours End


semester
exam %
marks
1 Vector spaces and subspaces, null space , column space of a 7
matrix; linearly independent sets and bases; Coordinate 15%
systems; dimension of a vector space; rank ;change of basis;
linear transformations-properties-kernel and range-computing
kernel and range of a linear transformation-matrix
representation of a linear operator--Invertible linear operators
2 Inner product, length and orthogonality ; orthogonal sets; 7 15%
orthogonal projections; Gram Schmidt process; least square
solutions; Inner product spaces; QR factorization ; Singular
value decomposition
First Internal test
3 Random Process, auto-correlation, stationarity; power 7 15%
spectrum, Ergodicity; Poisson process;

4 7 15%
Discrete time Markov chains, Chapman- Kolmogorov Equations,
classification of states, Steady State Probabilities, continuous -
time Markov chain: State occupancy times, transition rates,
Steady State Probabilities, - global balance equations-Birth
Death processes-Queuing models (M/M/1 and M/M/c models
with infinite capacity).

Second Internal test


5 Ordinary Differential equations, Series Solution, Singularity, 7 20%
Regular Singularity, Forbenius method, Bessels equation,
Legendre Equation, Hermit equation (solution only), Laguerre
Equation (solution only), Tschebyschevs equation (solution
only),
6 7 20%
Bessel functions of first and second kind, Recurrence relation for
Jn(x), Value of J (x) , ,Generating function for Jn(x), Equations
reducible to Bessels equations, Orthogonality of Bessel
functions, Legendre polynomial, Rodrigues formula, generating
function for Pn(x), recurrence relation for Pn(x) , orthogonality
of Legendre polynomials

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

8
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Course No. Course Name L-T-P Credits Year of Introduction


FLUID MECHANICS AND
01 ME 6301 HEAT TRANSFER 3-1-0 4 2015

Course Objectives
The subject is aimed at providing knowledge for the mathematical formulation of fluid flow and
heat transfer. The students are trained to apply their mathematical skills in finding analytical,
approximate and numerical solutions to simple flow and heat transfer problems.

Syllabus

Mathematical modelling of fluid mechanics and heat transfer. Coordinate systems: Rectangular and
polar coordinates. Exact solutions; Analysis of Potential flow using complex variables; Boundary
layer theory: Hydrodynamic and thermal boundary layers, Reynolds Analogy, Clinton-Colburn
Analogy; Transient heat conduction, Radiation heat transfer

Expected Outcome
At the end of the course students are expected to know to develop governing partial differential
equations of fluid flow and heat transfer. They will have acquired the ability to simplify the
equations for practical situations along with solving them by different methods such similarity
variables technique, approximate methods and numerical method; Students also will have
acquired experience in the computer solutions of simple diffusion problems and visualization of
results in computer.

COURSE PLAN
Hours Allotted

% of Marks in
End-Semester
Examination
Module

Contents

Analysis of Stress in Fluid System-Stress Tensor, Stokes Hypothesis-


Analysis of Rate of Strain-Rate of Strain and Rotation Tensors. Reynolds 5
Transport Theorem-Derivation of Conservation Equations of mass,
I 15
momentum and energy in Integral and Differential Forms using
Reynolds Transport Theorem, Stream Function and Vorticity 5
Formulation in two dimension, Equations in rectangular and polar
Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

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Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

coordinates. Equations for potential flow and heat conduction

Exact Solutions to Navier Stokes Equations: Cases-Flow between


concentric rotating cylinders-Developed flow in an annulus-Couette 5
Flow-Feffery-Hamel flow; .Boundary layer theory (hydrodynamics and
thermal)-
II Parameters of boundary layer Momentum and Energy integral 15
equations. Karman Pohlhausen method for approximate solution to
5
momentum integral equation-separation and Vortex Shedding.

FIRST INTERNAL EXAM


Theory of Potential Flow Complex Flow Potentials-Uniform Flow,
Source, Sink, Vortex, Doublet Development of Complex Flow 4
Potentials by method of super positions.
III Flow past a cylinder with and without rotation. Calculation of Lift using 15
theory of complex variable. Mapping of a Flat Plate into a Cylinder,
Ellipse. Flow past a vertical flat plate. Joukowsky Transformations, 5
Schwartz-Christoffel Transformations

Convection and radiation heat transfer: Problems in force and natural


convection heat transfer- Correlations for Nusselt's number; 4
Bousinessq's approximation for modelling natural convection;
IV 15
Flow stability; small perturbation theory, transition
5

SECOND INTERNAL EXAM


Similarity solutions: Blasius solution; Skin friction coefficient , Nusselt's
number, Reynold Analogy, Clinton-Colburn Analogy;Plane stagnation
5
point flow-Suction and blowing-
V 20

Flow at a rotating disc- Flow in a convergent channel- Mixing layer-


Moving plate- Free jet- Wall jet-One dimensional transient heat 4
conduction
Derivation of Or Somerfield equation for flow stability and its solution. 4

Exact solution for natural convection boundary layer-Radiation heat


VI 20
exchange between surfaces-View factors-Thermal resistance for
5
radiation heat exchange

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

10
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Course No. Course Name L-T-P Credits Year of Introduction


AERODYNAMICS AND GAS
DYNAMICS
01 ME 6303 3-1-0 4 2015

Course Objectives
To develop experimental methodologies for solving problems and characterizing external flow
systems. To develop an ability an experimental design and data analysis, and to apply knowledge
of foundation disciplines and engineering to the design , implementation , analysis of experiments

Syllabus

Introduction to Gas dynamics, Rayleigh & Fanno flow, Nozzle flows and Shock waves,
Introduction to Aerodynamics, Aircraft Performance, Elementary ideas on space travel

Expected Outcome
Gain understanding about the concepts involved in Aerodynamics

References
1. Shapiro, A. H., The dynamics and thermodynamics of compressible fluid flow, vol. 1, New
York: John Wiley and Sons Inc., 1953

2. Fundamentals of Aerodynamics John D Anderson 1988

3. Aerodynamics L J Clancy 1986

4. Aerodynamics for Engineering Students Houghton & Carpenter

5. Aircraft Performance and Design John Anderson

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

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Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

COURSE PLAN

% of Marks
in End-
Hours
Module Contents Semester
Allotted
Examination

Gas Dynamics Inroduction-Compressibility of Fluids, Compressible &


Incompressible flows, Perfect Gas Equation of state, Calorifically Perfect
Gas. One Dimensional Flows- Basic Governing equations, Acoustic 5 15
wave ,Propagation speed, Mach Number, Reference states. Concept of
I stagnation properties. Normal shock waves.

Governing Equations. Mathematical derivation of Normal shock


solutions. Worked examples. Quasi One Dimensional flows. Governing 5
equations . Impulse Function.

Flow with heat addition Rayleigh flow Governing equations.


Illustrations on T-S and P-V diagrams. Thermal choking and its
consequences. Worked examples.
5
II
Fanno flow Governing equations. Illustrations on T-S and P-V diagrams. 15
Friction choking and its consequences. Worked examples
4

FIRST INTERNAL EXAM

Flow through Convergent nozzles, Convergent Divergent Nozzle.


Worked examples. Interaction between Nozzle flow and Fanno and 5
Rayleigh Flow.
III 15
Oblique shock wave introduction . Governing equation, detached
shocks, reflected shocks, Prandtl Meyer flow. 4

Aerodynamics- The atmosphere-characteristics of troposphere,


stratosphere, thermosphere and ionosphere-pressure, temperature and 5
density variations in the atmosphere.
3D or finite aerofoils-effect of releasing the wing tip vortices-
IV replacement of finite wing by horse shoe vortex system- the lifting line 15
theory- wing load distribution-aspect ratio, induced drag- calculation
5
of induced drag from momentum considerations. Skin friction and
form drag-changes in finite wing plan shape. Prandtls Lifting line
theory.
SECOND INTERNAL EXAM

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

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Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Aircraft performance-straight and level flight-Power required and


power available graphs for propellers and jet aircraft-gliding and
5
climbing-rate of climb- service and absolute ceilings-gliding angle and
V speed of flattest glide-take-off and landing performance- 20
length of runway required-aircraft ground run- circling flight-radius of
tightest turn- jet and rocket assisted take-off-high lift devices-range and 4
endurance of airplanes-charts for piston and jet engine aircrafts.

Wind tunnels- Supersonic & Subsonic tunnels. Worked examples 5


related to Wind tunnels. Elementary ideas on space travel

VI 20
Calculation of earth orbiting and escape velocities ignoring air
resistance and assuming circular orbit-Definition of orbital elements- 3
Elliptic orbits in vacuum

END SEMESTER EXAM

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

13
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Course No. Course Name L-T-P Credits Year of Introduction


THERMODYNAMICS AND
01 ME 6305 COMBUSTION SCIENCE 3-0-0 3 2015

Course Objectives

After completing first and second section, the student should understand the basic principles
of thermodynamics of reacting mixtures, bond energy, heat of formation, heat of reaction,
adiabatic flame temperature, evaluation of equilibrium constants and equilibrium
composition, elements of chemical kinetics, Law of mass action, order and molecularity of
reaction, Arrhenius Law, activation energy and collision theory of reaction rates etc. The
student should gain deep knowledge about basic of combustion which enables them to
extend the new technologies for practical
After completing third and fourth section the student should be able to understand various
theories of Ignition and flammability, factors affecting flammability limits, flame quenching,
flame propagation, factors affecting flame speed, premixed and diffusion flames,
characteristics of laminar and turbulent flames, flame stabilization and its stability diagrams
etc. The students will be able to propose new ideas for further developments in the existing
technologies.
After competing fifth and sixth section the student will get an idea about droplet combustion,
coal combustion, coal gasification, free burning fires, combustion generated air pollution,
clean combustion systems etc. for developing the technologies and providing new
innovations for improving mixing and provide better combustion characteristic in oil and gas
burners, stoves etc.

Syllabus

Molecular perspective of thermodynamics and transport phenomena, Introduction to thermo-


chemistry, chemical reaction kinetics, ignition and flammability, flame propagation and stabilization

Expected Outcome
1. For assessing students knowledge in the subject, various assignments and quizzes may be
conducted. Assignments like designing of a new product of improving an existing one may
be assigned to groups of students.
2. Students may be given a hands on experience to work with shock tubes, droplet combustion
studies, flames, etc for better understanding of the combustion characteristics.

References
Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

14
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

1. Holman, J.P., Thermodynamics, 4th Edition, McGraw-Hill Inc., 1998.


2. Sears, F.W. and Salinger G.I., Thermodynamics, Kinetic Theory and Statistical
3. Thermodynamics, 3rd Edition, Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi, 1993.
4. Anderson, J.D., Modern Compressible Flow , 3rd Edition, McGraw-Hill Inc.,2004
5. Bird, G.A., Molecular Gas Dynamics and the Direct Simulation of Gas Flows, Clarendon
Press Oxford , 1994
6. Cengel,Y.A., & Boles, M.A., Thermodynamics An Engineering Approach, Tata McGraw-
Hill
7. Fundamentals of combustion Streldow R. A.
8. Elementary Reaction Kinetics J. L. Rathan
9. Flames Gaydon A. G. &Wolfhard H. G.

COURSE PLAN

Hours Allotted

% of Marks in
End-Semester
Examination
Module

Contents

Microscopic approach to thermodynamics: The molecular model


requirement properties of simple gas - extension to gas mixtures real 4
I gas effects Kinetic theory of gases- 15
Velocity distribution functions The Boltzmann equation, equipartition
of energy 3

Molecular flux - Survival equation- Collision theory Collision cross-


sections collision dynamics. 4
II 15
Transport Phenomena Viscosity, Thermal conductivity and diffusion.
3

FIRST INTERNAL EXAM


Combustion-Gravimetric and molal analysis, Introduction to thermo-
chemistry, stoichiometry, bond energy, heat of formation, heat of 3
reaction,
III
adiabatic flame temperature Thermodynamics of reacting mixtures, 15
entropy changes for reacting mixtures chemical equilibrium -
4
equilibrium criteria evaluation of equilibrium constants and
equilibrium composition, The equilibrium collision theory,
The dissociation recombination reaction, Chemical Potential and
Gibbs Phase Rule. chemical reaction rates, Elements of chemical kinetics 3
Law of mass action
IV
order and molecularity of reaction rate equation Arrhenius Law 15
activation energy collision theory of reaction rates transition state
4
theory general theory of chain reactions combustion of CO and
hydrogen.

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

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Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

SECOND INTERNAL EXAM


Ignition and flammability methods of ignition self ignition thermal
theory of ignition
3
determination of self ignition temperature and experimental results
V
20
energy required for
ignition- limits of inflammability factors affecting flammability limits
4
flame quenching
effects of variables on flame quenching.
theory of laminar flame propagation empirical equations for laminar
and turbulent flame velocities. Flame stabilization stability diagrams
for open flames mechanisms of flame stabilization, critical boundary 4
VI velocity gradient stabilization by eddies bluff body stabilization
20
effects of variables on stability limits.
Flame propagation factors affecting flame speed premixed and
diffusion flames, physical structure and comparison characteristics of 3
laminar and turbulent flames
END SEMESTER EXAM

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

16
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Course No. Course Name L-T-P Credits Year of Introduction


MECHANICAL
01 ME 6307 3-0-0 3 2015
MEASUREMENTS

Course Objectives

1. To have an idea about the different characteristics of the measuring systems, including the
uncertainty in measurement and also have knowledge to statically analyze experimental data
Measurements are a valuable tool for practicing engineering students.
2. Measurement of field quantities temperature, pressure, velocity by intrusive and non intrusive
method under various conditions met with in practice like steady and unsteady condition
3. To get knowledge about various type of sensors, transducers and accelerometers used in
various types of propulsion systems. To impart knowledge about working and principle of
operation of various wind tunnel
4. Computer assisted data acquisition, data manipulation and presentation

Syllabus

Characteristics of Measurement Systems - Errors in measurements, Statistical analysis of experimental


data, Thermometry art of temperature measurement, Different methods for temperature
measurement, Introduction to Pressure Measurements-Mechanical and Electrical types, Measurement
in high speed flows, Laminar & Turbulent flow, Measurement of force or acceleration, torque, power,
principle and operation of wind tunnels, laser based flow measurement, Rayleigh scattering, Raman
scattering, issues in measurement, data acquisition and processing

Expected Outcome
1. Understand the basic principles related to measuring system, measuring uncertainty and
statistically analyze experimental data
2. Able to handle different equipments related to measurement of different field quantities
like temperature, pressure, velocity etc which works on intrusive and non intrusive
techniques
3. To have an idea about principle and operation of various types sensors, transducers
accelerometers etc. Wind tunnels are integral part of aerospace and propulsion systems. By
undergoing this the students will get an exposure about the operation of wind tunnels,
which will be useful for them will working on wind tunnel in laboratory classes.
4. The key to any experiments is its output which is obtained from a data acquisition system.
Students will be able to get an idea how data manipulation and presentation is done so as
to make sure that experimental results are properly recorded.

References

1. J.P.Holman, Experimental methods for Engineers, McGraw-Hill, 2007


2. S.P.Venkateshan, Mechanical Measurements, Ane-Books Pvt Ltd, 2012
3. Roy.D.Marangoni, John.H.Lienhard, Thomas.G.Beckwith,, Mechanical Measurements,

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

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Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Pearson education, 2007


4. Richard.S. Figiola, Donald.E. Beasley,Theory and design of mechanical measurements,
Wiley international, 2014
5. R.S.Sirohi, H.C.RadhakrishnaMechanical measurements, New age International, 1991
6. Ernest Doebelin, Mechanical measurements, McGraw-Hill, 2003
7. W. Bolton,Mechatronics, Pearson Education, 2011
8. John Mandal, statistical analysis of experimental data, Dover publications, 1984
9. D.Patranabis, Principle of industrial instrumentation, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2001
10. R.W.Ladenburg,Physical Measurements in Gas Dynamics and Combustion : High Speed
Aerodynamics and Jet Propulsion Vol.IX , Princeton university press, 1954

COURSE PLAN

Hours Allotted

% of Marks in
End-Semester
Examination
Module

Contents

Introduction Characteristics of Measurement Systems - Elements of


Measuring Instruments Performance characteristics - static and dynamic
4
characteristics.
I
15
Errors in measurements, Statistical analysis of experimental data, Error
estimation, Regression analysis: Parity plot 3

Thermometry art of temperature measurement, Thermoelectric


thermometer, Resistance thermometer, Thermistor, Pyrometer,
4
Measurement of transient temperature.
II 15
Introduction to Pressure Measurements-Mechanical and Electrical
types-Pressure transducer- Differential Pressure Transmitters 3

FIRST INTERNAL EXAM


Measurement of velocity(Velocity map using Pitot tube and Pitot static
tube, Hot wire anemometer, Doppler velocimeter and Time of flight
3
velocimeter .
III
20
High speed flow measurement Laminar & Turbulent flow
measurements - Determination of Reynolds stresses. 4

IV Measurement of force or acceleration, torque, power (Strain gauges and


Transducers), Mechanical vibrations : Accelerometers, frequency 4 20

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

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Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

analysis

High speed wind tunnels. Special purpose tunnels. Shock tubes, Ballistic
ranges. Schlieren, shadowgraph 3

SECOND INTERNAL EXAM


Principle and application of Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and Laser
Doppler Velociemtry (LDV); interferometry 4

V Fundamentals of spectroscopy; Rayleigh scattering; Raman Scattering, 15


Laser Induced Fluorescene, and their application in species
3
concentration and temperature measurements

Issues in measurement, Data Acquisition and Processing - General


4
Data Acquisition system - Signal conditioning -
VI
15
Data transmission - A/D & D/A conversion Computer aided
3
experimentation
END SEMESTER EXAM

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

19
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Course No. Course Name L-T-P Credits Year of Introduction


01ME6999 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 0-2-0 2 2015

Course Objectives
1. To prepare the student to do the M. Tech project work with a research bias.
2. To formulate a viable research question.
3. To develop skill in the critical analysis of research articles and reports.
4. To analyze the benefits and drawbacks of different methodologies.
5. To understand how to write a technical paper based on research findings.

Syllabus

Introduction to Research Methodology-Types of research- Ethical issues- Copy right-royalty-


Intellectual property rights and patent law-Copyleft- Openacess-
Analysis of sample research papers to understand various aspects of research methodology:
Defining and formulating the research problem-Literature review-Development of working
hypothesis-Research design and methods- Data Collection and analysis- Technical writing- Project
work on a simple research problem
Approach
Course focuses on students' application of the course content to their unique research interests. The
various topics will be addressed through hands on sessions.

Expected Outcome
Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to
1. Understand research concepts in terms of identifying the research problem
2. Propose possible solutions based on research
3. Write a technical paper based on the findings.
4. Get a good exposure to a domain of interest.
5. Get a good domain and experience to pursue future research activities.

References
1. C. R. Kothari, Research Methodology, New Age International, 2004
2. Panneerselvam, Research Methodology, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 2012.
3. J. W. Bames, Statistical Analysis for Engineers and Scientists, Tata McGraw-Hill, New York.
4. Donald Cooper, Business Research Methods, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi.
5. Leedy P. D., Practical Research: Planning and Design, McMillan Publishing Co.
6. Day R. A., How to Write and Publish a Scientific Paper, Cambridge University Press, 1989.
7. Manna, Chakraborti, Values and Ethics in Business Profession, Prentice Hall of India, New
Delhi, 2012.
8. Sople, Managing Intellectual Property: The Strategic Imperative, Prentice Hall ofIndia, New
Delhi, 2012.

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

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Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

COURSE PLAN

Hours Allotted

% of Marks in
End-Semester
Examination
Module

Contents

Introduction to Research Methodology: Motivation towards research -


Types of research: Find examples from literature.

Professional ethics in research - Ethical issues-ethical committees. Copy


I right - royalty - Intellectual property rights and patent law - Copyleft-
5
Openacess -Reproduction of published material - Plagiarism - Citation
and acknowledgement.

Impact factor. Identifying major conferences and important


journals in the concerned area. Collection of at least 4 papers in the
area.

Defining and formulating the research problem - Literature Survey-


Analyze the chosen papers and understand how the authors have
II
undertaken literature review, identified the research gaps, arrived at 4
their objectives, formulated their problem and developed a hypothesis.

FIRST ASSESSMENT

Research design and methods: Analyze the chosen papers to


III understand formulation of research methods and analytical and No end
4
experimental methods used. Study of how different it is from semester
previous works. written
examinatio
n
IV Data Collection and analysis. Analyze the chosen papers and study the
5
methods of data collection used. - Data Processing and Analysis
strategies used Study the tools used for analyzing the data.

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

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Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

SECOND ASSESSMENT

Technical writing - Structure and components, contents of a typical


technical paper, difference between abstract and conclusion, layout,
V
illustrations and tables, bibliography, referencing and footnotes- use of 5
tools like Latex.

VI Identification of a simple research problem Literature survey-


5
Research design- Methodology paper writing based on a hypothetical
result.
END SEMESTER ASSESSMENT

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

22
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Course No. Course Name L-T-P Credits Year of Introduction


01 ME 6391 SEMINAR I 0-0-2 2 2015

Course Objectives
To make students
1. Identify the current topics in the specific stream.
2. Collect the recent publications related to the identified topics.
3. Do a detailed study of a selected topic based on current journals, published papers
and books.
4. Present a seminar on the selected topic on which a detailed study has been done.
5. Improve the writing and presentation skills.

Approach

Students shall make a presentation for 20-25 minutes based on the detailed study of
the topic and submit a report based on the study.

Expected Outcome

Upon successful completion of the seminar, the student should be able to


1. Get good exposure in the current topics in the specific stream.
2. Improve the writing and presentation skills.
3. Explore domains of interest so as to pursue the course project

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

23
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Course No. Course Name L-T-P Credits Year of Introduction


01 ME 6393 PROPULSION ENGINEERING LAB I 0-0-2 1 2015

Course Objectives
1. Should develop knowledge on data acquisition system.
2. Should be able to do heat transfer experiments
3. Should acquire knowledge on CFD software packages.

Syllabus

Experiments on heat transfer equipments and wind tunnel, study performance evaluation of steam
turbines variable compression engines etc.; practicing Fluent software packages.

Expected Outcome
1. Understand data acquisition systems.
2. Understand heat transfer problems through lab experiments.
3. Understand the usage of commercial CFD software packages.

List of Experiments
1. Experiment on Transient Heat Conduction using data acquisition system.
2. Experiment on Boiling and Condensation.
3. Experiment on Heat Pipe.
4. Experiment on Variable Compression Engine.
5. Study of commercial CFD software (grid generation and preparation of simple models)
6. Analysis of Turbulent flow and heat transfer over a flat plate.
7. Evaluation of Cd, Nusselts number
8. Experiment on Wind Tunnel
10. Influence of mass flow rate on heat transfer in internal flow through duct Forced
convection.
11. Experiment on critical heat flux apparatus- for various wire geometry and materials.
12. Laboratory preparation of biodiesel from sunflower oil.

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

24
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

SEMESTER - II
Syllabus and Course Plan

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

25
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Course No. Course Name L-T-P Credits Year of Introduction


AIR-BREATHING
01 ME 6302 PROPULSION AND 3-1-0 4 2015
TURBOMACHINES

Course Objectives

The objectives of this course are to develop an understanding of how air-breathing engines
produce thrust; an ability to do overall engine performance analysis calculations; an ability to
carry out performance calculations for individual engine components; an understanding of
elementary overall engine design considerations. To study about turbo machines, their operation,
flow mechanism through them, performance evaluation, design and testing. To input knowledge
on gas turbines and its applications.

Syllabus

Air Breathing Engines Classification, Basics of Turbo machines ,Intake System in Airplane Engines,
Losses encountered in Turbo machines, Cascade testing, Nozzles, Combustors & Thrust
calculations in Turbojet and Turbofan Engines Working Principles and performance evaluation of
axial flow and radial flow Turbo machines.

Expected Outcome
1. An understanding of the generation of thrust in air-breathing engines and rockets;
2. An ability to carry out simple performance analysis of subsonic and supersonic inlets;
3. An ability to carry out overall performance calculations of turbojets, turbofans and turboprops;
4. An elementary understanding of combustors, afterburners, and exhaust nozzles;
5. Gain an overview of turbo machines, cascade testing and the resulting correlations, the losses
encountered and an understanding of axial and radial flow turbines and compressors.
6. Get an idea about gas turbines involved in aerospace applications
7. An understanding of axial flow compressors and turbines, and an ability to carry out flow

and performance calculations for these .

References

1. P.G. Hill and C. R. Peterson, Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Propulsion, Addison


Wesley, 2nd Edition, 1992
2. S.L.Dixon, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Turbomachinery, 1998

3. Shepherd D G, Principles of turbomachinery

4. H I H Saravanamuttoo, G F C Rogers, H Cohen, Gas Turbines theory, 2

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

26
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

COURSE PLAN

Hours Allotted

% of Marks in
End-Semester
Examination
Module

Contents

Air-breathing engines and classification- Airscrew, Turbojet,


I 5 15
Turboprop, Turbofan, Turbo shaft, Ramjet,

Scramjet. Aerothermodynamics of inlets, combustors and nozzles-


Subsonic inlets and its flow pattern. Worked examples 4

Definition and Classification of Turbo machines, Principles of operation,


Specific work- representations on enthalpy entropy diagram.
Fundamental equation of energy transfer, flow mechanism through the
5
impeller, vane congruent flow, velocity triangles, ideal and actual flows,
slip and its estimation, losses and efficiencies, degree of reaction, shape
number and specific speed. 15
II
Two dimensional cascades: cascade nomenclature, lift and drag,
circulation and lift, losses and efficiency, compressor and turbine
cascade performance, cascade test results, cascade correlations, fluid 4
deviation, off design performance, optimum space-chord ratio of
turbine blades

FIRST INTERNAL EXAM

Supersonic inlets- successive steps in acceleration and over speeding of


5
a supersonic inlet. External deceleration mechanism. Variable-geometry
intake in supersonic aircraft.
III 4 15

Gas turbine combustors- Fully annular combustion chamber and can-


annular combustion chamber.

Axial flow turbines: Two dimensional theory Velocity diagram,


Thermodynamics, stage losses and efficiency, Soderbergs correlation,
IV 5 15
stage reaction, diffusion within blade rows, efficiencies and
characteristics.

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

27
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Axial flow compressors: Two dimensional analysis Velocity diagram,


Thermodynamics, Stage losses and efficiency, reaction ratio stage
5
loading, stage pressure rise, stability of compressors.

SECOND INTERNAL EXAM


Flame holders-Simplified model of a flame holder. Nozzles- Subsonic &
Supersonic Nozzles. Working principle of a variable exhaust nozzle in 6
an afterburning Turbojet engine. Ramjet and SCRAM jet engines. Flame
V Stabilization techniques in hypersonic Airplanes. 20

Thermodynamic analysis of Turbojet and Turbofan engine. Problems of


3
thrust calculations in Turbojet, Turbofan and Turbojet with after burner

Gas turbine cycles - Intercooling, Reheating and Regeneration, its effect


on performance, operating variables, Open cycle arrangements, Higher
temperature turbine stages- effect of high gas temperature- methods of 3
cooling- high temperature materials- heat exchange in a cooled blade-
VI ideal cooled and actual cooled stage. 20

Compressor turbine matching- general and simplified methods for


equilibrium operation- Equilibrium points, Operating line, Transient 6
Operation.

END SEMESTER EXAM

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

28
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Course No. Course Name L-T-P Credits Year of Introduction


01 ME 6304 ROCKET PROPULSION 3-0-0 3 2015

Course Objectives

1. The student should develop an idea of the general operating principles of non-air breathing
engines.
2. They should be able to compare the non-air breathing engine based on the
3. propulsion system used like nuclear, electrical etc.
4. They should be able to judge the rocket performance parameters and their optimization
principles.
5. They should develop an in-depth understanding of liquid and solid propellant chemical rockets
and rocket system components like ignition system, combustion system, fuel storage and feed
systems etc.
6. They should develop an awareness of the problems associated with combustion, combustion
instabilities and the procedure of rocket testing.
7. The student should become familiar with the advanced propulsion concepts.

Syllabus

Motion in Space; Rocket Principle; Nozzles; Chemical Propellants; Solid propellant rockets;
Liquid propellant rockets; Monopropellant rockets; Hybrid rockets; Combustion instability;
Electrical rockets; Nuclear and advanced rockets; future goals

Expected Outcome
1. The students should show an understanding of the working of non air breathing engines and
predict their performance at different operating conditions.
2. The students should be able to analyze chemical rockets and design the different system
components.
3. They should be able to select the right propellant for a given application.
4. The student should be able to predict and avoid combustion instabilities and also appreciate the
new and emerging rocket propulsion concepts.

References

1. Hill, P. G. and Peterson, C.R., Mechanics and thermodynamics of propulsion, 2nd ed., Reading,
Massachusetts: Addison Wesley Publishing Company,, 1992.
2. Sutton, G. P. and Biblarj, O. Rocket propulsion elements, 7th Ed., New York: Wiley

3. Mukunda, H. S., Understanding aerospace propulsion, Bangalore: Interline Publishing, 2004,


Interscience Publications, 2001.

4. Ramamurthi, K., Rocket Propulsion, Macmillan (in press) 2009

5. Timnat, Y. M., Advanced chemical rocket propulsion, London: Academic Press, 1987.
Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

29
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

6. Shapiro, A. H., The dynamics and thermodynamics of compressible fluid flow, vol. 1, New
York: John Wiley and Sons Inc., 1953.

7. E. Stulinger, Electric propulsion development, Progress in Astronautics and Aeronautics, vol. 9,


Academic Press, New York, 1963.

8. M. Barrere, A. Jaumotte, B.J. Veubeke and J. Vandenkerckhove, Rocket Propulsion, Elsevier


Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1960.

COURSE PLAN

Hours Allotted

% of Marks in
End-Semester
Examination
Module

Contents

Introduction, Motion of bodies in space, parameters describing motion of


bodies, frame of reference, impulse, force, universal law for gravitational 3
force, motion in rotating frame of reference.
I pseudo-centrifugal force, Orbits, orbit velocities, orbital period, 15
geosynchronous and geostationary orbits, eccentricity and inclination,
polar, sun-synchronous and other orbits, Energy requirements for orbit, 4
escape velocity, orbital and suborbital flight, state of weightlessness
under free fall
Means of achieving orbit, Motion of a sled initially at rest, Motion of
giant squids, Rocket principle and Rocket equation, Mass ratio of rocket,
4

II 15
desirable parameters to achieve high velocities, propulsive efficiency,
Performance parameters of a rocket, staging and clustering, classification
of rockets
3

FIRST INTERNAL EXAM


Rocket nozzles: Expansion of gases from high pressure chamber, efflux
velocity, shape of nozzle, Convergent divergent nozzle, choking,
III
variation of parameters in nozzle, Expansion ratio of nozzles, 3 15
Performance loss in nozzles

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

30
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Under-expanded and over-expanded nozzles, flow separation, Contour


nozzles, adapted nozzles and unconventional nozzles, mass flow rates
and characteristic velocities, Thrust developed by a rocket, thrust
4
coefficient, vacuum and sea level specific impulse, efficiencies and thrust
correction factor

Chemical propellants: Choice from considerations of molecular mass,


specific heats, specific heat ratios, temperature and pressure , Choice of
chemical propellants: heats of formation, moles and mixture ratio; choice
of mixture ratio, Calculation of heat of combustion, temperature,
3
molecular mass and rocket Solid propellant rockets: burn rate of double
base and composite propellants, parameters influencing burn rates,
Choice of burn rates for stable operation,

Propellant grain configurations: design of solid propellant rocket,


IV Ignition of solid propellant rockets, ignition problems and solutions,
Characteristic burn times and action times of solid propellant rockets, 15
2
variation of burn rates with rocket size, erosive burning, components of
solid propellant

Rocket Solid propellant rockets: burn rate of double base and composite
propellants, parameters influencing burn rates, Choice of burn rates for
stable operation, Propellant grain configurations: design of solid
propellant rocket, Ignition of solid propellant rockets, ignition problems 2
and solutions, Characteristic burn times and action times of solid
propellant rockets, variation of burn rates with rocket size, erosive
burning, components of solid propellant rocket
SECOND INTERNAL EXAM
Introduction to liquid propellant rockets, propellant feed systems, cycles
of operation, gas generator, topping/staged combustion cycle, expander
and other cycles, factors influencing choice of cycle, Thrust chamber,
injector types, combustion chamber, Calculation of efficiency of liquid 4
propellant rockets from non uniform distribution of propellants and
incomplete vaporization, characteristic length of chamber, Cooling of
V
thrust chamber and nozzle. 20
Performance and choice of feed system cycle, Choice of parameters for
liquid propellant rockets, Turbo-pumps for liquid propellant rockets,
Expulsion of propellants using high pressure gas and mass
3
requirements, draining of propellants under microgravity conditions,
Complexity of liquid propellant rockets, determination of performance;
current trends, Monopropellant rockets , Hybrid rockets
Combustion instability in rockets; illustration through examples, bulk
and wave modes of instability, Modeling of bulk mode of instability in
VI solid and liquid propellant rockets, standing waves and characteristic 4 20
frequencies in different wave modes, Modeling of wave mode instability
in rockets, Other types of instabilities; Pogo, vortex shedding etc.,

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

31
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Methods of overcoming instability problems

Electrical rockets: electrical and magnetic fields, electro-thermal, arc-jet,


electrostatic and electromagnetic thrusters, Gridded ion thrusters,
neutralization and thrust limitations, Hall effect thrusters, Choice of
parameters for electrical thrusters, specific mass and optimum efflux 3
velocity, Current trends in electrical rockets, Nuclear, tri-propellant and
advanced propulsion: Future trends.

END SEMESTER EXAM

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

32
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Course No. Course Name L-T-P Credits Year of Introduction

ADVANCED HEAT 3-0-0 3 2015


01 ME 6306
TRANSFER ENGINEERING

Course Objectives

To introduce the fundamental concepts of various modes of heat transfer and to further elaborate
these concepts with theories and applications to the solutions of practically relevant engineering
problems.
To impart a basic concept of various types of heat transfer equipments
To make the student capable of designing different types of heat transfer equipments

Syllabus

Unsteady conduction, 2D steady conduction, Numerical solution of conduction problems, Introduction


to free and forced convection, Laminar flow heat transfer, Turbulent flow heat transfer, Radiation, View
factors, Enclosure analysis, gas radiation, Heat exchangers, Heat pipes

Expected Outcome

1. By undergoing this course the students and practicing engineers will be able to refresh fundamental
and technical information.

2. The student will be able to design, operate and maintain various types of heat transfer equipments

References

1. F.P. Incropera and D. Dewitt , Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer, 7th Edition by, John Wiley,
2011.
2. S.P.Venkateshan , Heat Transfer - 2 Ed, (Reprint) , Ane Books Pvt. Ltd. 2011
3. Yonus Cengel, Heat Transfer: A Practical Approach, Mc Graw-Hill, 2002
4. D. Poulikakos, Conduction Heat Transfer, Prentice Hall, 1994.
5. G.E.Myers ,Analytical methods in Conduction Heat Transfer, McGraw Hill, 1971.
6. W. Kays, M. Crawford and B. Weigand , Convective Heat and Mass Transfer, 4th Edition by,
McGraw Hill International, 2005
7. Ramesh . K. Shah and Dusan.P, Fundamentals of heat exchanger design, Wiley, 2002
8. G. P. Peterson An Introduction to Heat Pipes: Modeling, Testing, and Applications, Wiley 1994

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

33
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

9. D.A. Reay and P.A. Kew, Heat pipes Elsevier publications, 2007
10. Convection Heat Transfer, 3rd Edition by A. Bejan, John Wiley, 2004
11. Louis C. Burmeister Convective Heat Transfer, John Wiley and sons September 10, 1993
12. R. Siegel and J.R.Howell , Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer, Taylor & Francis, 2002.
13. E.M.Sparrow and R.D.Cess Radiation Heat Transfer, , Wadsworth, 1966.
14. H.C.Hottel and A.F.Saroffim, Radiative Transfer, , McGraw hill, 1967.
15. Radiative Heat Transfer, M.F.Modest, McGraw Hill, 2003.

COURSE PLAN

% of
Marks in
Hours End-
Module Contents Allotte Semester
d
Examinati
on

Concept of Biot number Lumped capacitance formulation simple


problems unsteady conduction from a semi-infinite solid- solution by 3
similarity transformation method.
I 15
Solution of the general 1D unsteady problem by separation of variables
4
and charts- example problems Laplace equation

Solution by variable separable method concept of superposition and


homogeneous boundary conditions. 3

Forced and free convection velocity and thermal boundary layer, 15


laminar and turbulent flows General equation for momentum and 4
energy transport

FIRST INTERNAL EXAM

Laminar flow heat transfer: Exact solutions of the 2D boundary layer


momentum and energy equations. Approximate calculations of the 3
III boundary layer by the momentum and energy integral 15

Turbulent flow heat transfer: Time averaged equations of continuity, 4


momentum and energy. Analog methods Reynolds, Prandtl and Von

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

34
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Karman. Free convection: Solutions of the boundary layer equations for a


vertical plate, Free convection with a turbulent boundary layer

Introduction to radiation, need for view factors, concept of view factors,


mathematical definition. View factor Algebra, Hottel's crossed string 3
method, view factors for 2D surfaces using algebra.
IV 15
View factors from 2D surfaces using charts. Radiosity Irradiation method
for gray diffuse enclosures Problems for 2 and 3 surface enclosures 4
parallel plate formula, radiation shields, concept of re-radiating surface.

SECOND INTERNAL EXAM

Introduction to gas radiation The equation of transfer derivation


Simple solutions to the equation of transfer 3

Elements of shell and tube heat exchanger, Thermal design of heat


V exchangers, Overall heat transfer coefficient, Fouling factor or dirt factor, 20
Temperature profiles in heat exchangers. Why multi-pass exchangers,
LMTD correction factor, Individual heat transfer coefficient. Pressure 4
drop in the heat exchanger Correlation for tube side pressure drop,
Correlation for shell side pressure drop.

Heat transfer effectiveness and number of transfer 8units, Calculation and


VI designing of the heat exchanger, Double-pipe heat exchanger, Shell and 20
4
tube heat exchanger

Heat Pipes: Theory , Practical Design Considerations- the working fluid,


wick structure, thermal resistance of saturated wicks, the container,
compatibility, fluid inventory, priming, starting procedure- special types 3
of Heat pipe- Applications

END SEMESTER EXAM

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

35
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Course No. Course Name L-T-P Credits Year of Introduction

01 ME 6312 COMPUTATIONAL FLUID 3-0-0 3 2015


DYNAMICS

Course Objectives

The subject is aimed at providing ability for mathematical modeling and solution of fluid flow and heat
transfer problems. Main thrust is selecting a numerical method of solution depending the mathematical
nature of the governing equations.

Syllabus

Review of governing equations of fluid flow and heat transfer, finite difference approximations for first
and second order derivatives and order of accuracy. Stability analysis, solution of system of equations,
finite volume discretisation for diffusion and convection terms, finite element discretisation for
diffusion and convection terms, Solution of flow field, pressure based methods, Finite volume
discretisation using OpenFoam

Expected Outcome

At the end of the course the student should be able to know the methods for solving fluid flow and heat
transfer problems. They should be able to write simple computer programs and visualisation of the
results using open source visualization tools.

COURSE PLAN
Hours Allotted

% of Marks in
End-Semester

Examination
Module

Contents

Review of equations of fluid mechanics and heat transfer. Central


difference approximations for first and second order differential 4
coefficients.
I 15
Analysis of order of accuracy, Von-Neumann analysis for stability of
numerical solution, Convergence of a numerical solution. 3

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

36
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Linear algebra, solution of tri-diagonal system of equations, Line by line 4


method, quadratic forms, differential of a quadratic form,
II
Conjugate gradient method, Gauss seidel and Gauss elimination 15
methods, Computer programs for the above methods 3

FIRST INTERNAL EXAM

Convection diffusion equations, finite volume method, finite volume


discretisations of diffusion and convection terms, 15
3
III
Upwind biased methods, higher order derivatives, evaluation gradients,
4
TVD schemes.

Finite element discretisation of convection diffusion equations, Shape


functions, 15
3
IV
Galerkin method, methods for compact storage of matrices. Solution
4
and postprocessing

SECOND INTERNAL EXAM

Solution of flow field, Collocated and staggered grid approaches,


Pressure based methods 20
4
V
SIMPLE and SIMPLER methods, PISO algorithm, computer
3
programming.

Finite volume discretisation using libraries in OpenFoam, Icofoam


VI 4 20
solver. Paraview, VTK format and visualisation,

Solution of problems such as flow in a driven cavity, buoyancy driven


flow in a square enclosure, Computations of Nusselts number, skin
friction 3

END SEMESTER EXAM

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

37
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Course No. Course Name L-T-P Credits Year of Introduction

01 ME 6314 FINITE ELEMENT METHOD


3-0-0 3 2015
FOR HEAT TRANSFER AND
FLUID FLOW

Course Objectives

The subject is aimed at providing knowledge for the mathematical formulation and solution using
Finite Element Method for engineering problems associated with heat transfer and fluid flow. Basic
formulation, solving and post processing will be studied.

Syllabus

Review of heat transfer, fluid flow and linear algebra. Finite element procedure using variational and
Galerkin procedure. Formation of solution matrix from the given physical problem. Solution methods.
Programming practice. Introduction to general purpose FEM packages.

Expected Outcome

At the end of the course the student will be able to solve complex physical problems coupled with heat
transfer and fluid flow using FEM. They will be able to identify the boundary conditions and their
incorporation in to the FE equations, solve the problems, interpret the analysis results for the
improvement or modification of the system.

COURSE PLAN
Hours Allotted

% of Marks in
End-Semester

Examination
Module

Contents

Review of heat transfer and fluid flow. Formation of governing


equation, initial and boundary conditions. Historical perspective of FEM
and applicability to Thermal Engineering problems. Approximate
I 15
methods, Variational and Galerkins methods. Types of elements, 4
interpolation polynomials. Formulation of element characteristic
matrices. Assembly considerations and boundary conditions.

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

38
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Two dimensional elements; triangular and quadrilateral elements,


natural coordinates, parametric representation, Subparametric,
3
superparametric and Isoparametric elements.

Conduction Heat Transfer and Formulation: Modelling heat conduction;


formulation of governing equation, differential and Variational
formulation. Initial, boundary and interface conditions.
4
15

II
Formulation of conductive, convective matrices and nodal heat rate
vectors. Analysis procedure for 2 D conduction with convection.
Programming of simple cases.
3

FIRST INTERNAL EXAM

Nonlinear Heat conduction Analysis: Galerkins method to nonlinear


15
transient heat conduction;
3
III Governing equation with initial and boundary conditions, one
dimensional nonlinear steady-state problems and transient state
4
problems. Programming excersices.

Review of Viscous Incompressible Flows: Governing equations, weak


IV 15
form, finite element model, penalty finite element models,
4
Problems in two dimensional flow fields. Formulation and
Programming. 3

SECOND INTERNAL EXAM

Review of Convective Heat Transfer: Basic equations, steady convection


diffusion problems.
4
V 20
Transient convection-diffusion problems.
3

Concepts of adaptive finite element analysis. Error estimates.


Implementation of the adaptive procedure. 4
VI 20
Introduction to general purpose FEM packages. Finite Element analysis
of simple cases using softwares. 3

END SEMESTER EXAM

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

39
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Year of
Course No. Course Name L-T-P Credits
Introduction

ADVANCED
01 ME 6316 NUMERICAL 3-0-0 3 2015
METHODS

Course Objectives:

1. To develop numerical skills in the solution of mathematical equations of various scientific


and engineering problems.
2. To acquire knowledge in the data analysis and statistical interpretation of experimental
results .
3. To acquire knowledge on the various prediction methods based on the experimental data.
4. To get knowledge on how to minimize the error growth in a particular solution procedure

Syllabus
Solutions of simultaneous equations Direct and Indirect methods-Gauss elimination, Gauss
Seidel and Relaxation methods-Convergence, Eigen value problem-vector iteration method.
Eigen Problems: Introduction ,Basic characteristics, Power method, Inverse power method,
Shifting Eigen values Numerical differential, Numerical integration-Newton Cotes integration
formula ,Gauss quadrature, Error estimate ,Double integration . Solution of ordinary differential
equations-single step and multi- step methods, Simultaneous first order differential equations,
Higher order differential equations. Numerical solution of integral equations. Partial Differential
Equations: General features, classification. Equilibrium problems, Eigen value problems and
propagation problems. Elliptic Equation: Introduction to Finite Difference Method, Finite
Difference approximations of Laplace equation, Consistency, order, stability and convergence,
Modified Differential equation. Finite Difference solution of Laplace equation.- Jacobi, Gauss
Seidel, Relaxation, and Successive over relaxation methods. Derivative boundary conditions.
Finite Difference solution of Poison equation-The Alternating Direction Implicit (ADI) method.
Introduction to Finite Difference Method for solving propagation problems-Fundamental
consideration-General features of convection, Diffusion and Dispersion .Finite difference grids
and finite difference approximation. Finite difference equations. Consistency, order, stability and
convergence. Modified Differential equation. Stability analysis-Discrete perturbation method
and von Neumann method.ParabolicEquations(TheDiffusionProblem):FTCS,Richardson,DuFort-
Frankel,\CrankNicolson.Drirvative boundary conditions. Hyperbolic Equations(The Convection
Problem): Introduction, The Lax Method, FTCS, Upwind, LeapFrog, The Lax Wendroff Method ,
MacCormack methods.

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

40
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Expected Outcome
After the completion of this course, students will get necessary foundation on the following:
Various Numerical strategy and its comparisons in the solution of mathematical
equations.
How to build mathematical formulations of various physical problems.
Statistical interpretation and data analysis of experimental results.
How to choose a particular numericalscheme for solving a physical problems .

References
1. Numerical methods for Engineers and Scientists, Joe D.Hoffman, McGraw-Hill
2. Numerical methods for Scientific and Engineering computation-Jain.M.K
3. Introduction to Numerical Analysis-Gupta A and Boss S C.
4. Introduction to Numerical Analysis-Hilderbrand FB
5. An Introduction to Numerical Analysis-Kendall E Atkinson
6. Statistics-Murrey R Spiegel
7. Numerical Mathematical Analysis James B.Scarborough
8. Applied Numerical Analysis-C F Gerald&P.O. Wheatley
9. Introductory Method of Numerical Analysis-S.S .Sastry

COURSE PLAN
Hours Allotted

% of Marks in
End-Semester
Examination
Module

Contents

Solutions of simultaneous equations Direct and Indirect methods-


Gauss elimination, Gauss Seidel and Relaxation methods- 4
I Convergence, Eigen value problem-vector iteration method. 15
Eigen Problems:
Introduction, Basic characteristics, Power method ,Inverse power 3
method, Shifting Eigen values.
Numerical differential, Numerical integration-Newton Cotes
II integration formula ,Gauss quadrature, Error estimate ,Double
4 15
integration .

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

41
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Solution of ordinary differential equations-single step and multi- step


methods, Simultaneous first order differential equations, Higher order 3
differential equations. Numerical solution of integral equations
FIRST INTERNAL EXAM
. Partial Differential Equations :General features, classification.
Equilibrium problems, Eigen value problems and propagation 3
III problems. 15
Elliptic Equation: Introduction to Finite Difference Method, Finite
Difference approximations of Laplace equation, Consistency, order, 4
stability and convergence, Modified Differential equation.
Finite Difference solution of Laplace equation.- Jacobi, Gauss Seidel,
Relaxation, and Successive over relaxation methods. Derivative 4
IV boundary conditions. 15
Finite Difference solution of Poison equation-The Alternating
Direction Implicit(ADI)method. 3

SECOND INTERNAL EXAM


Introduction to Finite Difference Method for solving propagation
problems-Fundamental consideration-General features of convection,
Diffusion and Dispersion .Finite difference grids and finite difference 4
V approximation. Finite difference equations. 20
Consistency, order, stability and convergence. Modified Differential
equation. Stability analysis-Discrete perturbation method and von 3
Neumann method.
ParabolicEquations(TheDiffusionProblem):FTCS,Richardson,DuFort-
Frankel,\Crank-Nicolson.Drirvative boundary conditions. 4
VI 20
Hyperbolic Equations(The Convection Problem): Introduction,The Lax
Method, FTCS, Upwind, LeapFrog,The Lax Wendroff Method , Mac 3
Cormack Methods

END SEMESTER EXAM

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

42
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Course No. Course Name L-T-P Credits Year of Introduction


ADVANCED GAS
01 ME6318 DYNAMICS 3-0-0 3 2015

Course Objectives
Gas flow is one of the main fundamental subjects of propulsion engineering. The objective of this
course to teach the students this subject in an advanced level. Formulation different problems and
solution to some of the simple cases is included to make the students capable of analyzing practical
problems involving compressible flow.

Syllabus

Generalized one dimensional flow ,ane waves in supersonic flow- weak and strong oblique shocks,
Small perturbation theory , two dimensional flow past a wavy wall, Similarity rules- Two dimensional
linearised flow, Introduction to Hypersonic flow, Hypersonic shock wave relations, Compressible
flow through Supersonic Wind Tunnels

Expected Outcome
The students will be able to analyze a flow situation and capable of using these theories in a real life
situation and take appropriate decisions with regard to design and manufacture of various fluid
handling devices

References
1. Shapiro,A.H.; Dynamics and Thermodynamics of Compressible Fluid Flow-Vol,I
2. Liepmann and Roshko; Elements of Gas Dynamics.
3. Becker E;Gas Dynamics
4. Owezarek J A ; Fundamentals of Gas Dynamics
Note; Use of approved charts and tables will be permitted in the examinations.

COURSE PLAN
Hours Allotted

% of Marks in
End-Semester
Examination
Module

Contents

Generalized 1D continuous flow- working equations and table of


influence coefficients- Flow with constant specific heat and molecular 4
I weight-General methods of solution-simple type of flow.
15
Examples of combined friction and area change- Examples of combined
friction and heat transfer. 3

Plane waves in supersonic flow- weak and strong oblique shocks-shock


II 3 15
polar diagram- expansion waves- Prandtl-Meyer expansion functions-

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

43
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Reflection and intersection of oblique shocks and expansion waves-


Shock expansion theory Thin aerofoil theory as applied to
4
lifting flat plates and diamonds.

FIRST INTERNAL EXAM


Small perturbation theory Derivation of perturbation equations in two
dimensions- Pressure coefficient-Boundary conditions- two dimensional 4
III flow past a wavy wall in high subsonic and supersonic flow- 15
supersonic thin aerofoil theory-linearised theory-Biconvex and diamond
airfoils-best airfoil shape 3

Similarity rules- Two dimensional linearised flow- Prandtl-Gluert and


Gothert rules- 4
IV
Linearised axially symmetric flow. The von Karman rule for Transonic 15
flow. Hypersonic similarity. 3

SECOND INTERNAL EXAM


Introduction to Hypersonic flow. The lift and drag of wings at
hypersonic speeds.
4

V
20
High temperature shock layer on a blunt body moving at hypersonic
speed. Hypersonic shock wave relations
3

Compressible flow through Supersonic Wind Tunnels- Hypothetical


4
Normal shock diffusers and oblique shock diffusers.
VI
Design of diffuser throat in supersonic wind tunnel. 20
3

END SEMESTER EXAM

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

44
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Course No. Course Name L-T-P Credits Year of Introduction

MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR 3-0-0 3 2015


01 ME 6322
OF MATERIALS

Course Objectives

The aim of the course is to provide information about the structure of crystalline materials, imperfections
in crystals and its implications in the strength of materials, elastic and plastic behavior of crystalline
materials to applied forces. In conjuction with the microstructural aspects of the plasticity a clear idea
about the dislocation theory, strengthening mechanisms and fracture mechanics is attained. Basic
information related to recovery, recrystallisation and grain growth and its influence on mechanical
properties is also obtained. An understanding about the mechanical behavior of polymers, ceramics and
composites is also achieved.

Syllabus

Structure and imperfections in crystals, Mechanical behaviour of metals, Strengthening mechanisms,


recovery, recrystallisation and grain growth, Alloying Fracture, Fatigue and creep. Mechanical behavior
of composites, polymers and ceramics. Advanced materials

Expected Outcome

At the end of the course the students will:

1. Have a thorough understanding about the structure of crystalline solids and the various imperfections
in it.

2. Attain an in-depth understanding about dislocation theory and the various strengthening mechanisms.

3. Achieve basic concepts of fracture mechanics and failure mechanisms like fatigue and creep.

4. Gives information about the mechanical behavior of polymers, ceramics and composites.

References

1. Mechancial Behaviour Materials by Marc Andre Meyers, K.K. Chawla,PHI

2. Mechancial Behaviour Materials by Thomas H. Courtney, Waveland Pr Inc; 2 edition

Reference books :

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

45
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

1. Mechanical Metallurgy by GE Dieter; McGraw-Hill Book Co. Kogakusha Co. Ltd.

2. Fatigue of Metals by PG Forrest; Pergammon Press.

3. Material Science by Abdul Mubeen; Khanna Publishers

COURSE PLAN

% of
Marks in
Hours End-
Module Contents Allott Semester
ed
Examinat
ion

Elements of crystal structure, Imperfections in crystals, dislocation 3


motion and dislocation theory, Slip in crystalline solids,

I 15
Deformation twinning and kink bands, Grain boundaries and poly
crystalline aggregates, Plasticity and the theoretical strength of
4
materials.

States of stress and strain, Elasticity: origins, isotropic materials, 3


anisotropic material, Stress-strain curves.

II 15
plasticity; empirical relations for stress and strain, criteria for necking,
Yield Criteria, strength coefficient and strain hardening exponent, 4
Effect of strain rate and temperature on tensile properties and torsion,
Mechanical testing methods

FIRST INTERNAL EXAM

Strengthening mechanisms: solid solution, grain refinement, strain


hardening, precipitation hardening, Recovery, recrystallisation and grain 3
growth, Principles of Alloying.
III Solid solutions and intermediate phases - Gibbs phase rule and 15
equilibrium diagram - types of binary phase diagrams ,Isomorphous -
4
Eutectic -Peritectic and Peritectoid reactions, Iron-iron carbide equilibrium
diagram, TTT diagram, martensitic transformation

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

46
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Ceramics, polymers and composites. Mechanical behavior of ceramics,


4
IV 15
Polymers and Composites, Advance and modern materials
3

SECOND INTERNAL EXAM

Types of fractures - Ductile and brittle fractures - features of fracture -


4
surface for ductile, brittle and mixed modes.
V 20
The history of failure of engineering structures and parts, high strain rate,
stress concentration and low temperature effects, impact tests and results, 3
transition temperature and factors affecting transition temperature.

Stress cycle, fatigue curve, fatigue fracture characteristics. Fatigue testing


and testing machines, determination of fatigue strength. Factors affecting
fatigue- size, surface, stress concentration, 3

VI 20
Creep, Creep curve, Creep mechanisms, Low temperature and high
temperature creep theories, Fracture at elevated temperature. Stress
rupture, Deformation mechanism maps, Material aspects of creep design, 4
Creep resistance as related to material properties and structure, Super
plasticity

END SEMESTER EXAM

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

47
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Course No. Course Name L-T-P Credits Year of Introduction


ENERGY CONVERSION
01 ME 6324 3-0-0 3 2015
AND MANAGEMENT

Course Objectives

1 To impart awareness regarding conventional and modern energy systems


2. Create knowledge about the direct energy conversion systems
3. To make the students aware of the management of energy sources and its utilization

Syllabus

Review of the conventional energy conversion systems hydro, thermal and nuclear power
plants. Solar Thermal Conversion Solar photovoltaic systems - applications of nano
materials/technology in solar energy - Power electronics for Photovoltaic systems - Solar
Photocatalysis. Utilisation of gasifier for electricity generation - Sustainable cofiring of biomass
with coal. Liquid biofuel - Synthesis biofuel . mini and micro hydro power plants Hydrogen
energy. Fuel cell working principle types and applications. Ocean energy conversion OTEC,
wave energy and tidal energy. Geothermal power plants. Magneto Hydro dynamic energy
conversion - Basics thermoelectric engine - Thermoelectric materials - Applications. Thermionic
emission - Richardsons equation - Analysis of high vacuum thermionic converter Gaseous
converters - Energy management and auditing Electrical Energy Management Thermal Energy
Management

Expected Outcome
1. Students will become aware of the sources of energy
2. Familiarize the modern energy conversion technologies.
3. Understand the importance of energy management.

References
1. Tiwari GN. Solar Energy, Fundamentals design, modeling and Applications. Narosa, 2002
2. Kishore VVN. Renewable Energy Engineering and Technologies, TERI, 2009
3. Mukunda H S. Understanding clean energy and fuels from biomass. Wiley-India Pvt, Ltd,2011
4. Rai G D, Non-conventional energy sources. Khanna Publication, 2001
5. G.R. Nagpal, S.C. Sharma, Power plant Engineering, Khanna Publishers, 2013

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

48
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

6. Jiandong T. Minihydropower. John Wiley, 1997


7. General aspects of energy management and energy audit, 2010 BEE Guide book.
8. Amlan Chakrabarti, Energy engineering and management, PHI Learning, New Delhi 2012

COURSE PLAN

Hours Allotted

% of Marks in
End-Semester
Examination
Module

Contents

Review of the conventional energy conversion systems hydro, thermal


2
and nuclear power plants
I 15
Solar Thermal Conversion Solar photovoltaic systems - applications of
nano materials/technology in solar energy - Power electronics for 5
Photovoltaic systems - Solar Photocatalysis
Utilisation of gasifier for electricity generation - Sustainable cofiring of
biomass with coal. 4 15
II
Liquid biofuel - Synthesis biofuel - mini and micro hydro power plants
3

FIRST INTERNAL EXAM


Hydrogen energy production, storage, transportation and application 4
III 15
Fuel cell working principle types and applications 3
Ocean energy conversion OTEC, wave energy and tidal energy
4
IV 15
Geothermal power plants - Magneto Hydro dynamic energy conversion 3

SECOND INTERNAL EXAM


Basics thermoelectric engine - Thermoelectric materials - Applications 3
V 20
Thermionic emission - Richardsons equation - Analysis of high vacuum
4
thermionic converter Gaseous converters
Energy management and auditing 4
VI 20
Electrical Energy Management Thermal Energy Management 3

END SEMESTER EXAM

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

49
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Course No. Course Name L-T-P Credits Year of Introduction


01 ME 6392 MINI PROJECT 0-0-4 2 2015

Course Objectives
To make students

Design and develop a system or application in the area of their specialization.

Approach

The student shall present two seminars and submit a report.The first seminar shall
highlight the topic, objectives, methodology, design and expected results. The
second seminar is the presentation of the work / hardwareimplementation.
Expected Outcome

Upon successful completion of the miniproject, the student should be able to


1. Identify and solve various problems associated with designing and implementing a
system or application.
2. Test the designed system or application

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

50
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Course No. Course Name L-T-P Credits Year of Introduction


PROPULSION
01 ME 6394 0-0-2 1 2015
ENGINEERING LAB II

Course Objectives
Enable the students to do convective heat transfer experiments and verify the correlations also
understand the importance of various dimensionless numbers in heat transfer analysis

Syllabus

Experiment on convective heat transfer, compact heat exchanger refrigeration system.

Expected Outcome
Students will be capable of analyzing heat transfer problems. Doing measurements using probes.

List of Experiments
1. Generation of correlation for natural convection process by experimental method.
2. Generation of correlation for forced convection by experimental method.
3. Performance evaluation of compact heat exchangers.
4. Experiment to determine the effect of condenser and evaporator pressure on Vapour
compression refrigeration system.
5. Analysis of Natural Convection in an enclosure. Evaluation of Nusselts number and comparison
with reported results.
6. Analysis of flow and heat transfer through porous media.
7. Flow and heat transfer in a rotating disc.
8. Pressure measurement using probes.
9. Experiment on flow visualization.

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

51
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

SEMESTER - III
Syllabus and Course Plan

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

52
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Course No. Course Name L-T-P Credits Year of Introduction


Industrial Safety and Hazards 3-0-0 3 2015
01 ME 7311
Management

Course Objectives

To provide comprehensive knowledge of safety and hazards aspects in industries and the
management of hazards.

Syllabus

Industrial processes and hazards potential. Safety and hazards regulations, Industrial hygiene.
Factories Act, 1948 and Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 and rules thereof. Shock wave
propagation, VCE and BLEEVE, explosions, multiphase reactions, transport effects and global
rates. Preventive and protective management from fires and explosion. Hazards identification,
Material safety data sheet, Hazards indices- Dow and Mond indices, hazard operability (HAZOP)
and hazard analysis (HAZAN). Spill and leakage, Estimation of leakage/spill rate, Release of toxics
and dispersion. Naturally buoyant and dense gas dispersion models. Case Studies

Expected Outcome
The students shall be able to identify the hazard potentials, to know the hazard regulations,
Environmental protection Acts, To control the leaks and their preventions.

References

1. Crowl D.A. and Louvar J.F., Chemical Process Safety: Fundamentals with Applications, 2nd Ed.,
Prentice Hall. 2001
2. Mannan S., Lees Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, Vol. I, 3rd Ed.,
Butterworth- Heinemann. 2004
3. Mannan S., Lees Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, Vol. II, 3rd Ed., Butterworth-
Heinemann. 2005
4. Mannan S., Lees Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, Vol. III, 3rd Ed., Butterworth-
Heinemann. 2005

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

53
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

COURSE PLAN

Hours Allotted

% of Marks in
End-Semester
Examination
Module

Contents

Introduction: Industrial processes and hazards potential, mechanical 4 15


electrical, thermal and process hazards.
I
Safety and hazards regulations, Industrial hygiene. Factories Act, 1948 and 3
Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 and rules thereof.

Fire and Explosion: Shock wave propagation, vapour cloud and boiling 3 15
liquid expanding vapours explosion (VCE and BLEVE),.

II
mechanical and chemical explosion, multiphase reactions, transport effects 4
and global rates

FIRST INTERNAL EXAM


Relief Systems: Preventive and protective management from fires and 3 15
explosion-inerting,

III
static electricity passivation, ventilation, and sprinkling, proofing, relief 4
systems relief valves, flares, scrubbers.

Toxicology: Hazards identification-toxicity, fire, static electricity, noise and 4 15


dust concentration;
IV
Material safety data sheet, hazards indices- Dow and Mond indices, hazard 3
operability (HAZOP) and hazard analysis (HAZAN).

SECOND INTERNAL EXAM


Leaks and Leakages: Spill and leakage of liquids, vapors, gases and their 4 20
mixture from storage tanks and equipment; Estimation of leakage/spill
V
rate through hole, pipes and vessel burst;

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

54
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Isothermal and adiabatic flows of gases, spillage and leakage of flashing 3


liquids, pool evaporation and boiling; Release of toxics and dispersion.
Naturally buoyant and dense gas dispersion models; Effects of
momentum and buoyancy; Mitigation measures for leaks and releases.
Case Studies: Flixborough, Bhopal, Texas, ONGC offshore, HPCL Vizag 4 20
and Jaipur IOC oil-storage depot incident.
VI
Oil, natural gas, chlorine and ammonia storage and transportation 3
hazards.

END SEMESTER EXAM

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

55
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Course No. Course Name L-T-P Credits Year of Introduction

Advanced Optimization
01 ME 7313 3-0-0 3 2015
Techniques

Course Objectives

1. To understand the techniques and applications of engineering optimization.


2. To choose the appropriate optimization method that is more efficient to the problem at
hand.
3. To formulate the given problem in a mathematical format that is acceptable to an
optimization algorithm
Syllabus

Introduction to Optimization Linear Programming Non Linear Programming One


Dimensional Unconstrained Minimization - Unconstrained optimization of functions involving
several variables Constrained optimization Integer and Discrete programming Penalty
Function methods - Goal programming Pareto optimality.

Expected Outcome

1. The student will be able to appreciate the application of optimization problems in


varied disciplines.
2. The student will be able to model a real-world decision problem as an optimization
problem.
3. The student will be able to perform a critical evaluation and interpretation of
analysis and optimization results.

References
1. H.A. Taha, Operations Research: An Introduction, Pearson Education

2. S.S. Rao, Engineering Optimization: Theory and Practice, New Age International Publishers.

3. A.D. Belegundu, T.R. Chandrupatla, Optimization Concepts and Applications in Engineering,


Pearson Education.

4. H. M. Wagner, Principles of Operations Research, Prentice- Hall of India Pvt. Ltd.

5. Kalavathy.S, Operations Research with C Programs, Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd.

6. M.S. Bazaraa, J.J. Jarvis, H.D. Sherali, Linear Programming and Network Flows, John Wiley
& Sons.

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

56
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

7. Kalyanmoy Deb, Optimization for Engineering Design: Algorithms and Examples, Prentice-
Hall of India Pvt. Ltd.

COURSE PLAN

Module Contents

Introduction to Optimization: Historical sketch, Engineering applications of


I optimization

Statement of an optimization problem, Classification of optimization problems.

Linear Programming (LP): Review of simplex method, Revised Simplex method.


II
Duality in LP, Decomposition principle, Sensitivity analysis

FIRST INTERNAL EXAM

Nonlinear Programming (NLP): One Dimensional Unconstrained minimization- Single


Variable minimization, Unimodality and Bracketing the Minimum
III
Fibonacci method, Golden Section method, Polynomial based methods: Brents
Algorithm, Newtons method.

Unconstrained optimization: Function involving several variables, Optimality


conditions, Convexity, The Steepest Descent method,
IV
The Conjugate Gradient method, Newtons method, Quasi-Newton method, DFP
method, BFGS method.

SECOND INTERNAL EXAM

Constrained Optimization: Problem formulation, Optimality conditions, Lagrange


V multiplier method, KKT conditions, Farkas Lemma, Convex problems, Zoutendijks
method, The GRG method.

Integer and Discrete Programming: Zero-one Programming, Branch and Bound


algorithm for mixed integers, Gomory cut method.
Penalty Function methods: Exterior Penalty Functions, Interior Penalty Functions, The
VI
Augmented Lagrangian method.

Goal Programming, Pareto optimality.

END SEMESTER EXAM

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

57
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Course No. Course Name L-T-P Credits Year of Introduction


Nuclear Science and
01 ME 7315 3-0-0 3 2015
Technology

Course Objectives

1.To introduce the basic concepts of nuclear energy production.

2. To introduce various types of reactors and factors involved in the construction of nuclear reactors.

3.To introduce the basic concepts radiation protection.

Syllabus

Review of elementary nuclear physics, Indias Nuclear Power programme, Nuclear Reactions and
Radiations, Nuclear reactor principles, Materials of reactor construction, Nuclear fuels and Nuclear fuel
cycle, Boiling water reactor, Pressurized water Reactor, Introduction to Light Water and Advanced heavy
water reactor concepts, Applications of nuclear reactor in space and marine propulsion , Liquid Metal
fast reactors, Reactor Heat Removal, The fusion process, Radiation safety, Safety approaches in reactor
Design, Regulatory process in India

Expected Outcome
1. Gain knowledge on different types of technologies employed in nuclear reactors
2. Gain knowledge on factors to be considered for designing equipments for nuclear power
plants
3. Awareness about the safety systems in nuclear power plant and radiation protection

References
1. Samuel Glasstone ,Alexander Sesonske , Nuclear Reactor Engineering Reactor Design Basics
(Volume - 1), 4th Edition, CBS Publisher,2004 .

2. Samuel Glasstone ,Alexander Sesonske , Nuclear Reactor Engineering : Reactor Systems


Engineering (Volume - 2), 4th Edition, CBS Publisher,2004.

3. Lamarsh, John. Introduction to Nuclear Engineering. 3rd ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall,
2001

4. G. Vaidyanathan, Nuclear Reactor Engineering, 1stEdition, S Chand,2013.

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

58
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

COURSE PLAN

Hours Allotted

% of Marks in
End-Semester
Examination
Module

Contents

Review of elementary nuclear physics. Liquid drop model of nuclear


fission, Introduction to Indias Nuclear Power programme 3
I 15
Nuclear Reactions and Radiations: Principles of radioactive decay-
interaction of , & rays with matter, neutron cross sections and 4
reactions.
Nuclear reactor principles: The fission process - chain reaction. Basic
principles of controlled fission. Reactor classification-critical size, basic
4
diffusion theory, slowing down of neutrons-neutron flux and power.
II
Four factor formula, six factor formula-criticality condition, basic 15
features of reactor control-fission product poisoning, effect of 3
temperature on reactivity.
FIRST INTERNAL EXAM
Materials of reactor construction: Fuel, moderator, coolant, structural
materials, cladding, radiation damage. 4

III Nuclear fuels: Metallurgy of uranium, general principles of solvent 15


extraction, reprocessing of irradiated fuel, separation process, Fuel
3
enrichment.

Boiling water reactor: Description of reactor system, main components,


control and safety features.
Pressurized water Reactor: Description of reactor system, main 4
IV components, control and safety features. 15
Introduction to Light Water and Advanced heavy water reactor
concepts. Applications of nuclear reactor in space and marine 3
propulsion
SECOND INTERNAL EXAM
Liquid Metal fast reactors: layouts, fuel design, Intermediate Circuits
3
Sodium pumps Auxiliary Circuits Reactor.
V Heat Removal: Basic equations of heat transfer as applied to reactor 20
cooling, decay heat removal, Reactor heat transfer systems, heat 4
removed in fast reactors.

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

59
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

The fusion process: Inertial confinement fusion, magnetic confinement,


Lawsons Criteria.

Radiation safety: Reactor shielding-radiation doses, standards of


4
radiation protection, nuclear waste disposal.
VI Safety approaches in reactor Design: Defense in depth, design basis
20
events, beyond design basis events. Regulatory process in India: Site
3
approval. Construction approval, operating license and regulatory
inspection
END SEMESTER EXAM

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

60
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Course No. Course Name L-T-P Credits Year of Introduction


01 ME 7317 Multiphase Flow 3-1-0 4 2015

Course Objectives

1. To prepare the students in understanding Two phase flow and how to model and analyze.
2. To introduce the students various research scope in multiphase flow.
3. To understand complex heat transfer mechanism in flow boiling and apply them in the
design of heat transfer equipment used in nuclear reactor ,boiler ,combustor ,rocket motors etc

Syllabus

Method of analysis-flow pattern-vertical and horizontal channels-flow pattern maps and transitions.
Void fraction-definitions of multiphase flow parameters-one dimensional continuity, momentum and
energy equation-pressure gradient components: frictional, acceleration and gravitational.

Basic Flow models: Homogeneous flow model-Pressure gradient-Two phase friction factor for laminar
and turbulent flow-Two phase viscosity-Friction multiplier. Separated flow model-Pressure gradient
relationship-Lokhart-Martinelli correlation -Parameter X and its evaluation

Empirical Treatment: Drift Flux model-Gravity dominated flow regime-correlation for void fraction and
velocity distribution in different flow regimes-pressure losses due to multiphase flow velocity and
concentration profilesConvective boiling: Thermodynamics of vapour /liquid systems-super heat
requirement-homogeneous nucleation-Isothermal and Isobaric Bubble dynamic in pool boiling, Bubble
departure from heated surface. Hydrodynamics of pool boiling -Helmholtz and Taylors instability-Pool
Boiling heat transfer, Commonly used non dimensional groups, Bubble agitation mechanism, Vapour
liquid exchange mechanism, Microlayer mechanism.

Regime of Flow boiling heat transfer-Boiling map-DNB-Critical Heat flux in forced convection boiling.
Microscopic analysis of CHF mechanism in flow boiling, Liquid core convection and boundary layer
effects in flow boiling. Condensation: Liquid formation-Droplet growth. Nusselt theory on film
condensation- -Condensation within vertical tube -Dropwise condensation-Pressure gradient in
condensing systems

Expected Outcome
1. After the course students shall become more equipped to design heat transfer equipment used
in Two phase flow such as boiler, condenser, fluidised bed combustor. etc
2. Since boiling phenomena is not yet fully understood and many associated factors are still
there to be uncovered students shall take interest to undertake research in this area.
3. Students shall use their knowledge in this field to many other major items of chemical and
power plant.

References

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

61
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

1. J .G Collier, Convetive Boiling &Condensation ,Second edition, McGraw Hill,1989


2. G. W.Wallis, "One Dimensional Two Phase Flow"
3. Y.Y.Hsu,R.W.Graham," Transport Processes in Boilig &Two Phase Flow"
4. L.S.Tong,Y.S.Tang,"Boiling Heat Transfer And Two Phase Flow",Tayloir $Francis
5. A.F.Mills,V.Ganesan,"Heat Transfer",Second edition,2009,Pearson Education

COURSE PLAN

Hours Allotted

% of Marks in
End-Semester
Examination
Module

Contents

Method of analysis-flow pattern-vertical and horizontal channels-flow


pattern maps and transitions. Void fraction-definitions of multiphase 5
I flow parameters 15
One dimensional continuity, momentum and energy equation-pressure
gradient components: frictional, acceleration and gravitational. 5

Basic Flow models: Homogeneous flow model-Pressure gradient-Two


phase friction factor for laminar and turbulent flow-Two phase
5
viscosity-Friction multiplier.
II
Separated flow model-Pressure gradient relationship-Lokhart-Martinelli 15
correlation -Parameter X and its evaluation 5

FIRST INTERNAL EXAM


Empirical Treatment: Drift Flux model-Gravity dominated flow regime-
correlation for void fraction and velocity distribution in different flow
5
III regimes- 15
Pressure losses due to multiphase flow velocity and concentration
profiles 4

Convective boiling: Thermodynamics of vapour /liquid systems-super


heat requirement-homogeneous nucleation-Isothermal and Isobaric 5
Bubble dynamic in pool boiling, Bubble departure from heated surface
IV Hydrodynamics of pool boiling -Helmholtz and Taylors instability-Pool 15
Boiling heat transfer, Commonly used non dimensional groups, Bubble
4
agitation mechanism, Vapor liquid exchange mechanism, Microlayer
mechanism
SECOND INTERNAL EXAM
Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

62
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Regime of Flow boiling heat transfer-Boiling map-DNB-Critical Heat


flux in forced convection boiling. 5
V 20
Microscopic analysis of CHF mechanism in flow boiling, Liquid core
convection and boundary layer effects in flow boiling 4

Condensation: Liquid formation-Droplet growth. Nusselt theory on film


condensation- -Condensation within vertical tube. 5
VI 20
Dropwise condensation-Pressure gradient in condensing systems
4

END SEMESTER EXAM

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

63
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Course No. Course Name L-T-P Credits Year of Introduction


01 ME 7319 TURBULENCE 3-1-0 4 2015

Course Objectives

This course aims at imparting knowledge about the basic features of turbulent flow, its characteristics,
mathematical basics for modeling. Turbulence models and modeling concepts.

Syllabus

Introduction to turbulence. Correlation Functions, Kolmogorov Hypothesis and Probability Density


Function. Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes Equations Vorticity Dynamics ,Turbulence models. Large
eddy and direct numerical simulations.

Expected Outcome
At the end of the course the students will gain knowledge to solve problems associated with turbulent
flow.

References
1. Tennekes, H. and Lumley,J.L. "A first course on turbulence" MIT Press, Cambridge Mass., 1972.
2. Pope S.B. "Turbulence" Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K., 2000.
3. Biswas, G. and Eswaran, V. C. "Turbulent flows" Narosa Publishing House NewDelhi,2002.
4. Davidson P.A, Turbulence Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K, 2004.
5. Wilcox, D.C. "Turbulence modeling for CFD", DCW Industries, La Canada, CA, 3rd edition 2006.

6. Lesieur, M. "Turbulence in fluids" Kluwer, Dordrecht, 4th edition, 2008.

COURSE PLAN
Hours Allotted

% of Marks in
End-Semester
Examination
Module

Contents

The Origin and Nature of Turbulence, Swirling Structure, Mean Motion


I and Fluctuations, Consequences of Turbulence, Homogeneous-Isotropic 15
5
Turbulence. Probability density function Correlation Functions, Ideas
about eddy size.

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

64
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Intensity of Turbulence or Degree of Turbulence. Kolmogorov


Hypothesis and Energy Cascade. Kolmogorov Universal Law for the
Fine Structure, Energy Cascade, Kolmogorov Length Scale, 5
Kolmogorov's First Hypothesis, Kolmogorov's Second Hypothesis.

Reynolds' Averaged Navier-Stokes Equations: Laws of Averaging,


Reynolds' Decomposition
5
II
Examples of Turbulent Fluctuations, Closure problem. Boussinisque 15
approximation, Eddy viscosity. 5

FIRST INTERNAL EXAM


Vorticity Dynamics: Introduction, Vorticity and the equations of motion,
Reynolds stress and vorticity. 4
III 15
The Vorticity Equation, Vorticity in Turbulent Flows. The Energy
Cascade 5

Wall Bounded Flows and Free Shear Flows. The Law of the Wall for
Wall Bounded Flows, The Universal Velocity Profile. 5
IV 15
Turbulent Jet: Free Shear Flows, Turbulent Jets, Uniform Eddy Viscosity
model . 4

SECOND INTERNAL EXAM


Eddy Viscosity Models, Zero-Equation Models. One-Equation Model:
V One-Equation Model, Two-Equation Model. Two Equation Models: k - 20
4
Model, SST (Shear Stress Transport) Turbulence Model. SST Model,

Discussion on Applicability Low Reynolds number k - model: Special


Features of Near Wall Flow, Near Wall Treatment in Transport Equation
based Models, Wall Function Approach, Low Reynolds number version
of k - model: Asymptotic Consistency, Damping Functions. RNG k - 5
Model and Kato-Launder Model: RNG k - Model and Kato-Launder
Model. The Realizable k - Model, Reynolds Stress Models.

Large Eddy Simulation (LES). The Filtered Navier-Stokes Equations,


Sub grid-Scale Closure, Standard Sub grid-Scale Model. 5
VI 20
Dynamic Model of LES : Dynamic Model of LES. Direct Numerical
Simulation. 4

END SEMESTER EXAM

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

65
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Course No. Course Name L-T-P Credits Year of Introduction


CRYOGENICS
01 ME 7321 3-0-0 3 2015
ENGINEERING

Course Objectives
The word cryogenics stems from Greek and means "the production of icy cold". The
objective of the course is to give the students basic idea about the history, material selection,
design, development, analysis and applications of Cryogenics in the various fields of
engineering, medicine and technology.

Syllabus

Simple vapour compression refrigeration cycle and actual cycle - analysis, Ewings
construction. Compressors - reciprocating, centrifugal and screw type, volumetric efficiency
and performance. Limitations of single stage vapour compression refrigeration system.
Analyses of multi pressure and multi evaporator vapour compression refrigeration
systems. Vapour absorption refrigeration systems: Derivation of COP, performance of the
system with different refrigerant and absorber combinations and criteria for selection-
performance characteristics Introduction to Cryogenics, Distinction between Refrigeration
and Cryogenics, Historical development, P r e s e n t areas involving cryogenic engineering
Applications of Cryogenics: Applications in space, Food Processing, super
Conductivity, Electrical Power, Biology, Medicine and Electronics . Cryogenic fluids
and their properties, Properties of materials at cryogenic temperature: Mechanical
properties, Thermal properties, Electrical and magnetic properties.

Production of low temperatures by Joule Thomson expansion, Inversion Curve,


Maximum Inversion temperature, Joule Thomson Coefficient, Isenthalpic expansion of
ideal gas, Joule Thomson expansion of a real gas, Adiabatic expansion, Comparison of J-T
and adiabatic expansions Gas liquefaction systems:
Introduction,Thermodynamicallyideal system, Simple Linde Hampson System, Precooled
Linde Hampson System, Linde Dual Pressure System, Claude System, Kapitza System,
Heylandt System, Collins System

Cooling by adiabatic demagnetization technique, Simon helium Liquefier, Special


liquefaction systems for neon, hydrogen and helium, Components of gas liquefaction
systems: Heat Exchangers, Compressors and Expanders Cryogenic Refrigeration cycles :
Carnot and Ideal Stirling Cycle, Derivation of its COP, Philips refrigerator, Actual Stirling
cycle, Cryocooler fundamentals, Different types and their applications, Stirling, Pulse Tube,
Gifford McMahon, Solvay Cryocoolers.
Cryogenic fluid Storage vessels, Cryogenic Insulations, Safety in Cryogenics

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

66
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Expected Outcome
After the completion of the course, the student should be able to apply this knowledge

1. In the design and development of refrigeration systems and their components


independently

2.In the design and development of cryogenic propulsion systems, gas liquefaction systems,
cryocoolers and their components for different Cryogenic applications like space,
superconductivity, medicine, biology etc

References
1. Klaus D.Timmerhaus and Thomas M.Flynn, " Cryogenic Process Engineering " Plenum
Press, New York, 1989.
2. Cryogenic systems by Randal F.Barron, McGraw Hill, 1986
3. Cryogenic Engineering by R. B. Scott
4. George P.Sutton.,Rocket propulsion elements, Jhon Wiley and Sons
5. Bell.J.h. Junior, Cryogenic Engineering, Printice Hall
6. Bazzere M. Rocket propulsion,Elservier Publishing company
7. Huzal D.K., Liquid rocket engines, NASA SP 1125

COURSE PLAN

Hours Allotted
% of Marks in
End-Semester
Examination
Module

Contents

Introduction to Cryogenics, Distinction between Refrigeration and


Cryogenics, Historical development, P r e s e n t areas involving
cryogenic engineering. 3
I 15
Applications of Cryogenics: Applications in space, Food
Processing, super Conductivity, Electrical Power, Biology, 4
Medicine and Electronics .

Cryogenic fluids and their properties, Properties of materials at


cryogenic temperature: Mechanical properties, Thermal properties,
II Electrical and magnetic properties. 4 15

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

67
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Production of low temperatures by Joule Thomson expansion,


Inversion Curve, Maximum Inversion temperature, Joule Thomson
Coefficient, Isenthalpic expansion of ideal gas, Joule Thomson
expansion of a real gas, Adiabatic expansion, Comparison of J-T and 3
adiabatic expansions

FIRST INTERNAL EXAM


Gas liquefaction systems: Introduction, Thermodynamically ideal
system, Simple Linde Hampson System, Precooled Linde Hampson
4
System, Linde Dual Pressure System, Claude System, Kapitza System,
III Heylandt System, Collins System 15
Cooling by adiabatic demagnetization technique, Simon helium Liquefier
Special liquefaction systems for neon, hydrogen and helium.
3
Components of gas liquefaction systems: Heat Exchangers, Compressors
and Expanders .
Cryogenic Refrigeration cycles : Carnot and Ideal Stirling Cycle,
Derivation of its COP, Philips refrigerator, Actual Stirling cycle, 4
IV Cryocooler fundamentals, 15
Different types and their applications, Stirling, Pulse Tube, Gifford
McMahon, Solvay Cryocoolers. 3

SECOND INTERNAL EXAM


Cryogenic fluids liquid hydrogen liquid oxygen etc. Cryogenic fluid
Storage and transfer systems, Cryogenic Insulations, Safety in 4
V Cryogenics adiabatic expansions. 20

Testing of rockets,test facilities modes of testing instrumentation,


cooling of detectors used in space crafts 3

Introduction to rocket engines, Working of solid and liquid propellant


engines, performance parameters, merits of cryogenic propellants, 4
multistage rockets, survey of cryogenic engines used world wide.
VI 20
Elements of cryogenic engines and their functions. Description of
various sub systems gas generator, propellant storage and feed
systems,combustion chamber ,nozzle etc., cooling of rocket engines. 3

END SEMESTER EXAM

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

68
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Course No. Course Name L-T-P Credits Year of Introduction


01ME7391 SEMINAR II 0-0-2 2 2015

Course Objectives
To make students
1. Identify the current topics in the specific stream.
2. Collect the recent publications related to the identified topics.
3. Do a detailed study of a selected topic based on current journals, published papers
and books.
4. Present a seminar on the selected topic on which a detailed study has been done.
5. Improve the writing and presentation skills.

Approach

Students shall make a presentation for 20-25 minutes based on the detailed study of
the topic and submit a report based on the study.

Expected Outcome

Upon successful completion of the seminar, the student should be able to


1. Get good exposure in the current topics in the specific stream.
2. Improve the writing and presentation skills.
3. . Explore domains of interest so as to pursue the course project.

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

69
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Course No. Course Name L-T-P Credits Year of Introduction


01ME7393 PROJECT (PHASE 1) 0-0-12 6 2015

Course Objectives
To make students

1. Do an original and independent study on the area of specialization.


2. Explore in depth a subject of his/her own choice.
3. Start the preliminary background studies towards the project by conducting
literature survey in the relevant field.
4. Broadly identify the area of the project work, familiarize with the tools required for
the design and analysis of the project.
5. Plan the experimental platform, if any, required for project work.
Approach

The student has to present two seminars and submit an interim Project report. The
first seminar would highlight the topic, objectives, methodology and expected
results. The first seminar shall be conducted in the first half of this semester. The
second seminar is the presentation of the interim project report of the work
completed and scope of the work which has to be accomplished in the fourth
semester.
Expected Outcome

Upon successful completion of the project phase 1, the student should be able to
1. Identify the topic, objectives and methodology to carry out the project.
2. Finalize the project plan for their course project.

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

70
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

SEMESTER - IV
Syllabus and Course Plan

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

71
Kerala Technological University
Master of Technology Curriculum, Syllabus & Course Plan

Course No. Course Name L-T-P Credits Year of Introduction


01ME7494 PROJECT (PHASE II) 0-0-23 12 2015

Course Objectives

To continue and complete the project work identified in project phase 1.

Approach

There shall be two seminars (a mid term evaluation on the progress of the work and
pre submission seminar to assess the quality and quantum of the work). At least one
technical paper has to be prepared for possible publication in journals / conferences
based on their project work.
Expected Outcome

Upon successful completion of the project phase II, the student should be able to
1. Get a good exposure to a domain of interest.
2. Get a good domain and experience to pursue future research activities.

Cluster: 1 Branch: Mechanical Engineering Stream: Propulsion Engineering

72