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Applications for
Aromatic Fractionation
(BTX Extraction)

Aromatic Fractionation is when a refinery utilizes significant source. Pyrolysis gasoline is an aromatic rich
reformate from the catalytic reformer and extracts the naphtha stream produced by an ethylene plant when
aromatics rather than blend them into gasoline. The it cracks butane, naphtha, or gasoil. Pyrolysis gasoline
aromatics are then separated in pure benzene, toluene, resembles reformate and can serve as a high-octane
and mixed xylenes products at the BTX (benzene- blend stock for motor gasoline or for an aromatics
toluene-xylene) Unit. The BTX is then either processed extraction unit.
by a chemical unit within the refinery or sold to a
chemical facility for production into a wide range of The most common filtration problems in aromatic
chemicals from solvents, to fibers, films, and plastics. fractionation is foaming and fouling. Solid particulates
will cause foaming resulting in reduced process
For most BTX extraction units, the recovery of flow and the injection of costly foaming inhibitors to
aromatics occurs in a liquid-liquid extractor column regain control. Fouling will also occur from excessive
while the purification takes place in an extractive particulate concentrations and can reduce operating
distillation column. Steam stripping is used to remove efficiencies in the distillation and recovery towers, heat
the aromatics from the solvent. exchangers, and other downstream equipment. To
meet sales quality specifications of the BTX products;
While reformate is the major source of aromatics in an optimal filtration system is required to remove both
most of the world, pyrolysis gasoline is also a solid and liquid contaminants.

The Benefits of an Optimum

Filtration System includes:
Ability to meet sales product specifications.
Reduces the use of costly anti-foaming inhibitors.
Reduction in equipment fouling.
Lower operating and maintenance costs. |
Increased BTX extraction efficiency. 254.559.7591
Jonell Filtration Solutions for Aromatic Fractionation (Reformate) Process

Benzene Xylene

EDC Unit
Condencer 8 9 10


Catalytic Reformer
solvent SRC
added Raffinate Condencer
5 6 7
Extractive Distillation Column

added Water


The above schematic should be 3 4

Solvent Recovery Column

viewed as a general example of
where filtration systems could 2
be located within an Aromatic
Fractionation Process. These

Distillation Tower

Distillation Tower

Distillation Tower
processes will vary between
companies and facilities. As Aromatics-rich
such, each application should Solvent
be reviewed and considered
individually in order to choose the Steam
correct system technology.

Solvent Recycle


Filters 1-4: Jonell LiquiPleat Series Pleated Style Liquid Elements Benzene and
Mixed Xylenes
Filters 5-7: Jonell LiquiPleat HF Series High Flow Elements
Filters 8-10: Jonell Phase-LOK or PhasePUR Liquid Coalescing Elements

Location Jonell Filter Solution Filter Purpose Filter Benefit

1-4 LiquiPleat Series Pleated Style Removes scale and solid contaminants Protects downstream equipment.
Liquid Elements including iron sulfites. Prevents heat exchanger and tower fouling.
Reduces foaming problems.

5-7 LiquiPleat HF Series High Flow Removes solid particulates Protects coalescers and other downstream
Pleated Style Liquid Elements from the final product. equipment. Allows efficient operation of coalescers
to remove water from the final product.

8 - 10 PhasePUR or Phase-LOK Series Removes suspended water Maintains sales specification of final product.
Liquid/Liquid Coalescing Elements from the final product. Reduces disposal, maintenance, and
reprocessing costs.

*A wide range of absolute and nominal pre-filters and filters are available to meet specific process applications. To answer more questions about
filtration applications, replacement needs, or help troubleshooting process issues, contact an approved Jonell representative or Jonell direct.
Aromatics 6/17