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Abstract

The Dynamic Speed Governor is a system that can be implemented effectively for an
efficient and perfectly controlled traffic system. This system can limit the speed of a moving
vehicle over an area where the speed has to be restricted and retained within a predetermined
value. The Dynamic Speed Governor consists of mainly two parts, the Transmitter section
and the Receiver section.

The transmitter section is mounted on the signal board, on which the speed limit over that
area is indicated. Receiver section is kept inside the vehicle. The radio frequency signal from
the transmitter is transmitted and the receiver receives it.

If the speed of the vehicle is greater than the speed limit proposed for that particular area,
which in turn is transmitted by the transmitter section, the speed governor comes into action
and restricts the driver from going beyond that rated speed. If the system detects that the
speed of the vehicle has gone beyond the speed limit, a signal is generated from the dynamic
speed governor circuit.

This signal in turn is used to drive the mechanical part of the vehicle, which closes the fuel
nozzle of the vehicle thereby restricting the vehicle from going beyond that speed. In this
particular reproduction of the system, to indicate the signal produced, the signal output from
the circuit is used to trigger a monostable multi - vibrator, which in turn sounds a buzzer.

Dynamic speed governor is designed with the aim of dynamically limiting the speed of the
vehicle to a preset value, when the driver drives through an area that has a preset speed limit,
thereby encouraging safe driving and preventing accidents.

The main idea is to transmit the speed limit for the area to the vehicle, as it approaches an
area that has speed restriction, so that the driver can be warned and the speed of the vehicle is
automatically reduced. The system is implemented with the help of a RF transmitter that
transmits a speed limit to the approaching vehicle, and an RF receiver inside the vehicle that
accepts the incoming signal and then feeds the speed limit as one of the inputs to a
comparator.

The other input of the comparator comes from a digital tachometer. When the comparator
detects an input speed that is greater than the speed limit received by the RF receiver, it will
trigger off a chain of reactions that induce the mechanical functioning of the vehicle to
automatically bring down the speed of the vehicle to a range in tandem with the preset value
and thus the desired results are obtained from the system.