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THE MEANING OF LITERATURE

-Collected oral and written works of a society that depict the people's beliefs,
values, mores and aspirations, as well as their struggles in life.

IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY OF LITERATURE

1. It shapes and influences cultural development.


2. It molds the minds of the people by sharing with others the intense realization of
human experience.
3. It preserves the experience of the past in cohesive manner. Timeless and forever
relevant, it appeals to one and all, anytime, anywhere because it deals with elemental
feelings, fundamental truths and universal conditions.

TYPES OF LITERATURE
1. PROSE
- literary works in the form of sentences and paragraphs.
2. POETRY
- The Highest Form of Talk
- literary works in the form of lines and stanzas.

KINDS OF PROSE
1. FICTION
-A lie told in a manner as to make it seem true.
- literary production of writers creative imagination.
2. NON- FICTION
- based on facts rather than imagination.
e.g.Essay - a short literary composition in prose dealing with a single matter
usually from a personal point of view of the author.

KINDS OF FICTION

1. PROSE ALLEGORY
- a prose form which the characters,ideas, and actions stand for something
else or for a system of ideas with meanings implied.
-Concrete characters are personifications of abstract ideas.

a. Fable
-the characters are usually animals talking like human beings but
keeping their animal traits.
-Moral is conveyed in the form of proverb.
b. Myths
-explaining the origin of the world and humankind.
c.Legends
-historical basis and possessing certain qualities that give the
tale verisimilitude.

2. PROSE ROMANCE
- stories of high culture, chivalric, magical and unrealistic.
a.Fairy Tales
- commonplace expression and typical themes are those which
develop from stock characters such as cruel king, cruel stepmother, naughty
sister,,magic,supernatural changes and restorations.
-Virtue is rewarded and always end happily.

3. PROSE NARRATIVES

a.Short Story
- a brief narrative that concentrates on one situation and involves two or
three characters.
b.Novel
- an extended narrative that includes more characters and complicated
plot.
c.Novelette
- intermediate between short story and the novels.
- more elaborate than a short story but can be read in a single sitting
unlike novel.

4.PROSE DRAMA
-a literary work written in dialogue and intended for presentation by actors.

a.Comedy
-aims primarily to amuse by its humorous speech and ends happily.
b.Tragedy
- morally significant struggle which ends disastrously.

KINDS OF POETRY

1.NARRATIVE POETRY
-tells a story in richly imaginative and rhythmical language.
a.Epic
- along,narrative poem divided into distinct parts and episodes bound
together by common relationship to a great hero.
b.Ballad
- a short narrative poem intended to be sung.

2. LYRIC POETRY
-expresses personal thoughts and feelings
a.Ode
- poem deals with a serious theme such as immortality.
-expresses enthusiasm, lofty praise of some person or thing.
b.Elegy
-a poem that can be distinguished by its subject death.
-contains authors personal grief.
c.Song
- melodious quality required by the singing voice.
d. Sonnet
- a poetic form of fourteen rhymed lines producing a single emotional
effect.

3.DRAMATIC POETRY
- portrays life and character through action in powerful, emotion-packed
lines.

POSTED BY ENGLISH 8 AT 2:31 AM 0 COMMENTS

6/17/11

BLACK AND WHITE THOUGHTS


" To speak a language is to take on a world, a culture."

Frantz Fanon
Welcome !

The study of literature has two aspects:one, of simple enjoyment and appreciation: the
other, of analysis and description.When we listen to a song that appeals to the ear or read
a story that appeals to the heart, for the moment at least, we discover a new world of
dreams and fancies.

ENGLISH 8 Language in Afro-Asian Literature in its revised edition aims to make


students aware of Afro-Asian neighbors as they learn the nuances of the English
language.It is organized to help them tie together the study of
literature,listening,speaking,writing,study and research, and language.The literary pieces
used in encounters have been carefully selected to bring about in the students not only
proficiency in the use of the language but also a consciousness of their growth and
development as social individuals.

Behind every story is the human being.Behind every human being is the
race.Behind every race is the whole world of humankind. Afro-Asian Literature
mirrors not only the customs and traditions of African and Asian countries but also their
philosophy of life which on the whole are deeply and predominantly contemplative and
hauntingly sweet. Afro-Asian Literature is the reflection of the storm and the stress of
developing nations seeking a place under the sun which students must understand so
they may know how this literature affects the history and culture of a nation.

It is hoped that this will help the students to gain broader knowledge and deeper insights
of human nature as they meet and learn black and white thoughts in enriching their
lives.
POSTED BY ENGLISH 8 AT 10:57 PM 0 COMMENTS

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LITERATURE : ITS DEFINTION AND TYPES

BLACK AND WHITE THOUGHTS

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