You are on page 1of 27

https://www.facebook.com/groups/Dharmo.Rakshati.

Rakshitah/ Page - 1 of 27

Question Bank - LLB Sem-4 Gujarat University

Source : Print/ internet literature. Dedicated to students of the subject.


05-May-2017. Version-1.0 compiled by ketan.bhatt@iitbombay.org for his personal use.
References to questions listed herein below, are to such questions which were asked in
Gujarat University examinations. No claim is made/ implied about truthfulness of the
document.
IMP ---> This PDF doc has navigation built-in. ie viewer shall be able to quickly move
around the PDF with mouse clicks. However, sometimes due to browser limitations, click-
able links may not work. In that case just download the PDF and open it in a standard
PDF viewer like Adobe Reader.

CONTENTS

1) 301 --- Civil Procedure Code and Limitation Act.


2) 302 --- Criminal Procedure Code.
3) 303 --- Law of Evidence.
4) 304E --- Public interest Lawyering.
5) 305E --- Intellectual Property Law.
6) 306F --- Principles of Negotiable instruments.
7) 307K --- Rehabilitation of Criminals & Juveniles in Society & Law.

https://www.facebook.com/groups/LLB.GujUni/ http://duralex.bhatt.net.in/
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Dharmo.Rakshati.Rakshitah/ Page - 2 of 27

301 Civil Procedure Code and Limitation Act

Nov-2011 :
Explain a suit of civil nature with illustrations and decided cases.
Explain with decided cases the provisions of the place of suit.
Explain the principle of "Res-Judicata" with decided Cases.
Explain in detail the provisions relating to suit by or against the Government with
decided Cases.
Write in detail the provisions of summary proceedings in a civil suit with decided
cases.
Explain the provisions of the temporary Injunction as well as Permanent Injunction
with decided cases.
Explain the provisions of set off" and Counter claim in civil suit with decided cases.
Explain with decided cases the Provision of Appeal" and "Revision" under the Code of
Civil Procedure.
Discuss under Limitation Act : Aims and objects of the Limitation Act.
Discuss under Limitation Act : Effect of "part Payment on limitation.
Discuss under Limitation Act : Effect of "Legal disability" on limitation.
Discuss under Limitation Act : Effect of Acknowledgement in Writing" on limitation.

Nov-2012 :
Explain : "Suit of civil nature". Can a court try a suit without jurisdication ?
Write a detailed note on : "Stay of suits."
Explain Res-judicata and give two illustrations of Res-judicata.
In what cases temporary injunctions may be granted ? Enumerate and explain
essentials regarding grant of temporary injunctions.
What are the procedural requirements for suits by or against Government ?
What matters should be considered by a Court in a suit by or against minors ?
Has an aggrieved party unlimited right to prefer an appeal against orders by a Court ?
Explain the provisions regarding appearance of parties and consequences of
nonappearance of parties.
Write short notes : Caveat.
Write short notes : Receiver
Write short notes : Counter claim

https://www.facebook.com/groups/LLB.GujUni/ http://duralex.bhatt.net.in/
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Dharmo.Rakshati.Rakshitah/ Page - 3 of 27

Write short notes : Commissioner for local inspection


Explain extension and exclusion of time in cases of delay in preferring an appeal.
When and under what circumstances acknowledgement in Writing can extend the
period of limitation ?

Oct-2013 :
Write a detailed note on : "Stay of suits."
What matters should be considered by the Court in a suit by or against Minor ?
Write an eassy on : "Res-judicata".
What are the procedural requirements for suit by or against Government ?
Explain - "Suit of civil nature". Can a court try a suit without jurisdiction ?
Explain essentials regarding grant of Temporary Injunction.
Explain - "Representative Suit."
Discuss - "Inherent Powers of the Court".
Explain in detail the provisions relating to an Appeal.
Write short notes : Caveat
Write short notes : Mense Profits
Write short notes : Attachment before judgment.
Write short notes : Distinguish between Order and Decree.
When and under what circumstances acknowledgement in writing can extend the
period of limitation ?
Explain the effect of "Mistake" and "Fraud" on the period of limitation.

Nov-2014 :
Explain the provisions relating to the suit by or against minor with decided cases.
What is suit of a civil nature ? Explain in detail with illustrations and relevant cases.
Explain in detail the principle of Res Judicata with illustrations.
Explain the provisions of suit by indigent persons under the Civil Procedure Code.
Explain the meaning of "Set-off" and distinguish between set-off and Counter claim.
"A Court executing a decree cannot go beyond a decree." Discuss.
Discuss the provisions relating to the suit by or against the Government with
necessary cases.
Explain : Appointment of the Receiver.

https://www.facebook.com/groups/LLB.GujUni/ http://duralex.bhatt.net.in/
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Dharmo.Rakshati.Rakshitah/ Page - 4 of 27

Explain : Guiding rules for granting Temporary Injunction.


Explain : Attachment before judgment.
Explain : Service or summons.
Explain : Provisions of Appeal.
Explain : Caveat.
Explain : "The Limitation Act helps only those who are vigilent and not idle
Explain : Effect of "Fraud" and Mistake on period of limitation.
Explain : Effect of legal disability on the period of limitation.
Explain : Effect of acknowledgment in writing on account of debt on period of
limitation.

Dec-2015 :
Explain in detail "Suit of Civil Nature and describe the constituent elements of a civil
suit.
State the rules relating to drafting of pleadings and the provisions relating to
alteration and amendment in pleadings. In which circumstances the court will not
permit to amend the pleadings ?
Discuss about various modes of execution of decree and state the powers of court
executing a decree.
Explain in detail the doctrine of "Res Judicata' with illustration. How it differs from the
principle of Estoppel ?
Explain the following provisions under the Code of Civil Procedure : Procedure for
service of summons when the defendant refuses to accept the service of summons or
cannot be found.
Explain the following provisions under the Code of Civil Procedure : Procedure in a
suit in case of non-attendance of one or more of several defendants.
Explain the terms "Set Off" and "Counter Claim with illustrations and distinguish
between them.
Write explanatory note : Provisions relating to appointment, Powers and duties of a
receiver.
Write explanatory note : Provisions relating to summary procedure.
Write explanatory note : Interpleader Suit.
Write explanatory note : Revision and Review
Write note : Limitation Act : Law of Limitation helps only vigilant and not idle.
Write note : Limitation Act : Once time has begun to run, no subsequent disability or

https://www.facebook.com/groups/LLB.GujUni/ http://duralex.bhatt.net.in/
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Dharmo.Rakshati.Rakshitah/ Page - 5 of 27

liability stops it.


Write note : Limitation Act : Effect of Fraud and "Mistake' on the period of Limitation.
Write note : Limitation Act : Effect of Period of Limitation on continuing breaches and
torts.

Apr-2016 :
Explain in detail the provisions of place of the institution of suit provided in the code
of civil procedure.
Explain in detail the provisions relating to suit by or against the Government with
case laws.
Explain in detail the provisions relating to the principle of Res-Judicata with case
laws.
Explain in detail the provisions relating to suit by or against the Minor with case
laws.
Explain in detail the provisions relating to suit of summary proceedings with case
laws.
Explain in detail the Appointment, Duties and Powers of the Receiver.
Explain in detail the provisions and consequences of appearance and non-appearance
of parties to a suit with case laws.
Explain in detail the provisions for the grant of temporary injunction with case laws.
Explain under the Indian Limitation Act : Aims and objects of the Indian Limitation Act
Explain under the Indian Limitation Act : Effect of the Acknowledge on the period of
limitation.
Explain under the Indian Limitation Act : Effect of Legal Disability on the period of
limitation.
Explain under the Indian Limitation Act : Effect of Fraud and Mistake on the period
of limitation.

Go To Contents

302 Criminal Procedure Code

Nov-2011 :
Discuss the procedure in a trial of session case before a Court of Session, keeping in
mind the various stages of proceedings.

https://www.facebook.com/groups/LLB.GujUni/ http://duralex.bhatt.net.in/
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Dharmo.Rakshati.Rakshitah/ Page - 6 of 27

What is warrant case ? Explain in detail the trial of warrant case and summons case
and distinguish between them.
Discuss all provisions relating to an accused person on bail in bailable offence.
Discuss the provision relating to execution, suspension, remission and commutation of
sentences.
Write short notes : Powers of Chief Judicial Magistrate.
Write short notes : Complaint and First Information Report (FIR).
Write short notes : Power of Police to arrest without warrant.
Write short notes : Cognizable offence and non-cognizable offence.
Write short notes : Compoundable and non-compoundable offence.
Write short notes : Regular bail Sec. 439. Anticipatory Bail.
Write short notes : Tender of Pardon to an accomplice.
Write short notes : Legal aid to an accused at State expenses.
Describe the type of criminal courts, besides the High Court in every State and
explain their local jurisdiction and powers.
Discuss provisions relating to Charge in CrPC 1973. How charge is framed and court
can alter it ?
Explain : Child Welfare Committee, Formation, Powers and Proccedings.
Explain : Explain the matters pertaining to restitution and social reintegration of the
children under the J.J. Act.
Explain : Juvenile Offender's Crimes.
Explain : Juvenile Court
Explain : Juvenile delinquency against society.
Discuss : Appointment of probation officer and his duties.
Discuss : Powers of Court to require, release offenders to pay compensation and
costs.
Discuss : Power of Court to variation condition on probation.
Discuss : Restriction on imprisonment to below 21 years accused.
Discuss : Power of Court to make order of appeal and revision.

Nov-2012 :
Discuss all provisions relating to charge in Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973. How
charge is framed and when Court can alter it.
Discuss in detail the provisions of maintenance of wife, children and parents under

https://www.facebook.com/groups/LLB.GujUni/ http://duralex.bhatt.net.in/
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Dharmo.Rakshati.Rakshitah/ Page - 7 of 27

Code of Criminal Procedure. Can the amount of maintenance be altered


Subsequently ?
What is Warrant case ? Explain in detail the trial of warrant case and summons case
and distinguish between them.
Discuss the procedure in a trial of session case before a court of session, keeping in
mind the various stages of proceeding.
Write short note : Inherent powers of High Court
Write short note : First Information Report
Write short note : Public Prosecutor
Write short note : Cognizable and non-cognizable offence.
Write short note : Tender of Pardon to an accomplice.
Write short note : Power of Police to arrest without warrant.
Discuss the provisions regarding release of accused person on on bail in non-bailable
offence.
Describe the types of criminal courts besides the High Court in every State and
explain their local jurisdiction and powers.
Write Short Note : Anticipatory Bail
Write Short Note : Powers of Chief Judicial Magistrate
Write Short Note : Procedure for removal of public nuisance
Write Short Note : Security for keeping peace and good behaviour
Write Short Note : Summons case and summary case
Write Short Note : Police diary of proceeding in Investigation
Write Short Note : Legal Aid to accused
Write Short Note : Reference and Revision

Oct-2013 :
Explain the type of Criminal Court besides the High Court in every State and explain
its local jurisdiction and powers.
Explain in detail the procedure in a trial before a court of session keeping in mind the
various stages of proceedings.
Explain in detail the provisions of charge stated in the Code of Criminal Procedure.
Explain in detail the provisions of the "Trial of Summons cases as Well as Warrant
cases stated in the Cr. P.C.
Explain in detail the provisions relating to taking security for keeping peace and good
behaviour stated in the Cr.P.C.

https://www.facebook.com/groups/LLB.GujUni/ http://duralex.bhatt.net.in/
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Dharmo.Rakshati.Rakshitah/ Page - 8 of 27

Discuss in detail the provisions relating to an Accused Release on Bail in Non-Bailable


offences.
Explain in detail the provisions of Appeal and Revision stated in the Cr.P.C.
Discuss in detail the provisions relating to the maintenance of wife, children and
parents stated in the Cr.P.C.

Explain in detail : First Information Report and complaint
Explain in detail : Concept of Plea - Bargaining
Explain in detail : Further statement of an Accused
Explain in detail : Provisions of Anticipatory Bail

Nov-2014 :
Discuss in detail the provision of maintenance of wife, children and parents under
Cr.P.C. Can the amount of maintenance be canceled subsequently ?
Discuss the procedure in a trial of session court after committal the criminal case to
Session Court.
Describe the types of Criminal Courts besides the High Court in every state and
explain their local jurisdiction and powers.
Discuss all provision relating to charge in Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973. How
charge is framed and when court can alter it ? Explain along with Judicial decision,
When an accused can be released on bail in non-bailable offence ? Explain.
Explain : Power of police to arrest without warrant.
Prevention is better than cure." Keeping in view the statement, state the provisions
"regarding taking securities for maintenance of peace and good behaviour.
Write short note : Search Warrant.
Write short note : Anticipatory Bail,
Write short note : Cognizable offence and Non-Cognizable offence,
Write short note : Summons case and Warrant case.
Write short note : Legal aid to accused at Govt. expense
Write short note : Public prosecutor,
Write short note : An approver,
Write short note : Security for good behaviour from a habitual offender.
Write short note : Inherent powers of High Court.
Write short note : First information Report.

https://www.facebook.com/groups/LLB.GujUni/ http://duralex.bhatt.net.in/
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Dharmo.Rakshati.Rakshitah/ Page - 9 of 27

Write short note : Tender of Pardon to an accomplice.


Write short note : Powers of Judicial Magistrate.
Write short note : Summons case and Summary case.
Write short note : Police diary of proceeding in investigation.
Write short note : Reference and Revision.
Write short note : Procedure to remove public nuisance.

Dec-2015 :
Explain F.I.R., and criminal complaint. In non-bailable offences on which ground court
grant the bails ?
Discuss the provisions relating to attachment and forfeiture of property under the
Criminal Procedure Code
Explain in detail the jurisdiction of criminal courts under the Criminal Procedure Code
Discuss the provision of maintenance of wife, children and parents under the Criminal
Procedure Code, Can the amount of maintenance be cancel subsequently ?
Explain the process of additional or all alteration of charges. How separate charges
frame against distinct offences
Discuss : Summons trial cases & warrant trial cases under the provision of Cr. IPC
Explain the provisions of appeals and discuss the powers of the appellate courts.
Explain : Person once convicted or acquitted, not to be tried for same offence under
Cr, P.C.
Discuss the provisions of accused persons of unsound mind under CRPC.
Explain the legal provisions for Anticipatory Bill.
Explain: Cognizable offence and Non-cognizible offence.
Discuss : Security for good behaviour from habitual offender.
Write short note : Public prosecutor
Write short note : An approver
Write short note : Legal aid to accused at Govt. expenses
Write short note : Reference and Revision
Write short note : Power of police to arrest without warrant
Write short note : Inherent powers of High Court
Write short note : Procedure to removal of public nuisance
Write short note : Search Warrant.

https://www.facebook.com/groups/LLB.GujUni/ http://duralex.bhatt.net.in/
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Dharmo.Rakshati.Rakshitah/ Page - 10 of 27

Apr-2016 :
Explain in detail the jurisdiction of criminal courts under the criminal procedure code.
What is a warrant case ? What are the types of warrant case ? Discuss in detail the
trial of warrant case.
Discuss in detail the provisions of maintenance of wife , children and parents
under Cr. P. Code. In which circumstances the amount of maintenance be cancel
subsequently ?
Prevention is better than cure. Keeping in view the statement, state the provisions
regarding taking securities for maintenance of peace and good behaviour.
The judicial procedure cannot be re-initiated against the person who has been
sentenced or acquitted. Explain.
Discuss the procedure in a trial of sessions case before a Court of session.
What is charge ? There should be separate charge for every distinct offence.
Discuss.
Discuss all provisions relating to an accused person regarding his release on bail in
non-bailable offences.
Write short note : Search Warrant
Write short note : Cognizable offence and Non-cognizable offence
Write short note : Legal aid to accused at Govt. expenses
Write short note : Public prosecutor
Write short note : An Approver
Write short note : Anticipatory Bail
Write short note : Inherent powers of High Court.
Write short note : First Information Report.
Write short note : Summons case and Summary case.
Write short note : Police diary of proceeding in investigation.
Write short note : Reference and Revision.
Write short note : Powers of Appellate Court.

Go To Contents

https://www.facebook.com/groups/LLB.GujUni/ http://duralex.bhatt.net.in/
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Dharmo.Rakshati.Rakshitah/ Page - 11 of 27

303 Law of Evidence

Nov-2011 :
"Evidence means and includes oral evidence, documentary evidence and conclusive
proof." Explain.
"The Evidence Act is common in civil and criminal proceedings". Criticize this
statement and state if any exceptions to it.
What is a leading question ? When may it be asked ? When it may not be asked ?
Who is a hostile witness ? When can a party cross examine his own witness ?
Can firm and partner's statement before excise officer under Section-14 of the Excise
Act, 1944 is admissible in evidence ? Discuss on the basis of provision of Indian
Evidence Act.
Discuss how far a character is relevant in criminal cases.
Discuss when the facts are proved under the Indian Evidence Act.
"Hearsay evidence is not admissible in Law." Explain this statement with an exception.
Explain examination in chief, cross-examination and pre-examination. Discuss their
scope and limitations.
Write short note : 30 years old document
Write short note : Accomplice
Write short note : Judicial notice
Write short note : How the handwriting can be proved ?
Explain : Explain facts in issue and relevant facts.
Explain : Public document.
Explain : Dumb witness.
Explain : Competency to give evidence in Court.
Explain : An admission and confession.
Explain : Refreshing memory of witness.

Nov-2012 :
Define "Evidence" and explain the distinction between oral and documentary evidence
with decided cases.
Explain in detail the provisions of "Burden of Proof" with decided cases.
Discuss in detail when the opinions of the third persons are relevant with case laws.
Explain in detail the provisions of "Dying declaration" and its evidential value with

https://www.facebook.com/groups/LLB.GujUni/ http://duralex.bhatt.net.in/
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Dharmo.Rakshati.Rakshitah/ Page - 12 of 27

decided cases.
Explain in detail the provisions of "Estoppel" and its kinds with decided cases.
Hearsay evidence is not admissible in evidence." Discuss this statement in detail and
State its exception with decided cases.
State in detail the stages of examination of witnesses with decided cases.
Explain with case laws the provisions of privileged communications in Indian Evidence
Act.
Explain in detail : Provisions of admission and confession.
Explain in detail : Evidential values of the child witness.
Explain in detail : May presume and shall presume.
Explain in detail : Evidential value of an accomplice.

Oct-2013 :
Write an essay on - "Dying Declaration".
Explain the principle of Estoppel and its kinds.
Explain - "The Burden of Proof".
Explain the difference between Oral and Documentary evidence,
Explain the stages of Examination of Witness.
Explain the difference between Admission and Confession,
Write short note : Dumb Witness
Write short note : Accomplice
Write short note : Circumstantial evidence
Write short note : Hostile Witness
Write short note : Judicial Notice
Write short note : Public Document
Write short note : Leading questions
Write short note : Distinguish between Facts in issue' and 'Relevant facts'.

Nov-2014 :
Explain in detail the provisions of Admission" with decided case laws.
Explain in detail the provisions of "Confession" with decided case laws.
Explain in detail the provisions of "Burden of Proof" with case laws
Explain in detail the provisions of "Dying declaration and its evidential value with

https://www.facebook.com/groups/LLB.GujUni/ http://duralex.bhatt.net.in/
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Dharmo.Rakshati.Rakshitah/ Page - 13 of 27

decided cases.
Explain the stages of Examination of Witnesses with case laws.
Explain in detail the provisions of Privileged Communications with decided cases.
Explain in detail the principle of Estoppel and its kinds with decided cases.
"Hearsay evidence is not admissible" Discuss this statement in detail and state its
exception with decided cases.
Explain in detail the evidential value of the child witness with decided case laws.
Explain in detail the evidential value of an Accomplice with decided case laws.

Dec-2015 :
Define the term "Evidence" and explain in detail the meaning of oral as well as
documentary evidence with case law.
Define the terms "Primary" as well as "Secondary" evidences and state their
evidential values with case laws.
Explain in detail the principle of Estoppel and its kinds.
Explain in detail the meaning of "Proof" and explain term "Burden of Proof" in detail
with case laws,
Explain in detail the stages of examination of witness with case laws.
Explain in detail regarding "Leading Questions" with case laws.
Explain in detail the meaning of "Dying Declaration" and state its evidential value with
case laws.
Explain in detail when the opinions of a third person are relevant with case laws.
Explain in detail : Circumstantial Evidence
Explain in detail : Admission and Confession
Explain in detail : Evidential value of Child witness
Explain in detail : Kinds of privilege communications

Go To Contents

https://www.facebook.com/groups/LLB.GujUni/ http://duralex.bhatt.net.in/
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Dharmo.Rakshati.Rakshitah/ Page - 14 of 27

304E Public interest Lawyering

Nov-2011 :
Public Interest Litigation is not litigation for gaining publicity. Explain.
"Public Interest Litigation is the exception to the Rule of Locus Standi." Discuss this
statement with appropriate cases.
How Public Interest Litigation helps to prevent custodial violence Explain.
Explain the steps taken by the Supreme Court for the protection of Environment
through public interest litigation with the help of decided cases.
Explain how the human rights of poor and illiterate persons can be protected by Public
Interest Litigation, taking into consideration the role of the Supreme Court.
Explain with the decided cases of the Supreme Court, the contribution of Public
Interest Litigation in preventing sexual harassment to women.
Discuss : Nilabanti behra vls. State of Orissa (1993) 2SCC 746.
Discuss : Murli Deora vls. Union of India (AIR 2000 SC 40)
Discuss : People's Union for Civil Liberties vs. Union of India (AIR 1997 SC 568)
(Telephone Tapping Case)
Discuss : M. C. Mehta vls. Union of India (AIR 1997 SC 735) (Taj Trapezium Case)
"Lok Adalats are the best arrangements to get speedy justice Explain.
Legal Aid is in tune with the Constitutional Mandate of Equality and Equal justice
Discuss.
Write note : Contribution of Non Governmental Organizations in Para-legal Services.
Write note : Legal literacy camps.
Write note : Objects of Legal Services Authorities Act
Write note : Persons entitled to get free legal services.

Nov-2012 :
Define Public Interest Litigation. Who can apply for ? When application can be filed?
Which court has jurisdiction ?
Public interest litigation is the best instrument for the protection of Environment.
Discuss this statement in details.
Discuss the cases decided by the Supreme Court relating to for protection of Human
Rights.
Explain the provisions regarding legal aid under the Criminal Procedure Code, Civil
Procedure Code and the Indian Constitution.

https://www.facebook.com/groups/LLB.GujUni/ http://duralex.bhatt.net.in/
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Dharmo.Rakshati.Rakshitah/ Page - 15 of 27

Public Interest Litigation is the best instrument for the protection of custodial
violence. ?
Public Interest Litigation application is not advertisement application. Discuss.
Define Lok Adalat. Explain its procedure and importance.
Explain : Kinds of para legal services.
Explain : Free legal aid and legal aid clinic.
Explain : Constitution and function of national legal service authority.
Explain : Person-entitled to legal services.
Explain : Chairman Railway Board Vs. Chandrima das (AIR 2000 SC 988)
Explain : Demerits of Public Interest Litigation
Explain : constitution and functions of State Bar council
Explain : Vishakha vs. State of Rajasthan
Explain : Accounts and Audit of Legal Aid Fund.

Oct-2013 :
What do you mean by Public Interest Litigation ? Explain in detail in which
circumstances the Public Interest Litigation can be initiated and when the court may
refuse to entertain it.
Explain in detail with the decided cases how the Supreme Court of India through
Public Interest Litigation and Article-142 of the Constitution of India supplements the
Legislature by indirectly discharging legislative functions.
"Public Interest Litigation is a part of the Writ Petition." Discuss this statement by
explaining the Powers of different court to entertain the Public Interest Litigation.
Write explanatory note on - Public Interest Litigation An effective tool for the
protection of Environment.
Explain the Salient features of the Gujarat High Court (Practice and Procedure for
Public Interest Litigation) Rules, 2010.
Public Interest Litigation is the effective way to prevent the politicians from misusing
or arbitrarily exercising their powers." Discuss the statement with decided cases of
the Supreme Court.
Discuss about the limitations of the Public Interest Litigation.
Discuss about the role of the Public Interest Litigation in maintaining the
independence and impartiality of judiciary.
Discuss : Nilabati Behra V/s. State of Orissa (AIR 1993 SC 1960)
Discuss : Narmada Bachao Andolan V/s. Union of India (AIR 2000 SC 3751)

https://www.facebook.com/groups/LLB.GujUni/ http://duralex.bhatt.net.in/
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Dharmo.Rakshati.Rakshitah/ Page - 16 of 27

Discuss : Lily Thomas V/s. Union of India (Ban on contesting election to the accused
who is convicted by trial courts for more than 2 Years' imprisonment) (Writ Petition
490/2005 SC)
Discuss : Vishakha V/s. State of Rajasthan (AIR 1997 SC 3011)

Nov-2014 :
What is Public Interest Litigation ? Write its origin, object, its development in lndia
and importance.
Explain the steps taken by the Supreme Court in PIL regarding Environment Security
with decided cases.
Public Interest Litigation is an important instrument to prevent Custodial violence.
Which court are having jurisdiction to hear Public Interest Litigation ? Describe their
powers.
Advantages - Disadvantages and Limitations of Public Interest Litigations.
Public Interest Litigation is the Rule of Locus Standi, Explain.
"Public Interest Litigation is not an instrument for a Lawyer to gain publicity." Explain.
Public Interest Litigation puts proper restriction upon the powers of politician Explain.
Write note : Rural litigation and Entitlement Kendra Vs. State of U.P. (1985) (2SCC
43)
Write note : D.K. Basu V/s. State of West Bengal (AIR 1997 SC 610)
Write note : Rudul Shah vs. State of Bihar (AIR 1983 SC 1086)
Write note : Indian Railway Board V/s. Chandrima Das (AIR 2000 SC 988)

Dec-2015 :
Public interest litigation has played major role in protecting India's environment.
Why public interest litigation is called an exception to the rule of locus standi ? Write a
short essay.
Explain the judicial activism through public interest litigation.
Explain : Public interest litigation and custodial violence.
Explain : "Public interest litigation is not an instrument for getting publicity."
Explain : Misuse and limitations of public interest litigation.
Explain : Advantages and disadvantages of public interest lawyering.
"Public interest litigation can be filed even by a person whose fundamental or
constitutional right is not violated." Discuss this statement by taking into
consideration decided cases of the Supreme Court.

https://www.facebook.com/groups/LLB.GujUni/ http://duralex.bhatt.net.in/
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Dharmo.Rakshati.Rakshitah/ Page - 17 of 27

Explain the importance of law journals and magazines while initiating public interest
litigation.
Which precautions should be taken by a lawyer before initiating public interest
litigation ?
Discuss : Public interest litigation is blessing for poor and illiterates. 20
Discuss the guideline declared by the Supreme Court in the case of Vishakha Vls.
State of Rajasthan about sexual harassment.

Apr-2016 :
Public Interest Litigation is a silent revolution. Discuss this statement with the
appropriate decisions of the Apex Court.
Explain in detail about the origin, nature and scope of Public Interest Litigation and its
development in India.
Discuss in detail the role of the Public Interest Litigation in rendering justice in cases
of the custodial death and custodial violence.
Explain the process for PIL before the High Court of Gujarat taking into consideration
the provisions of the Gujarat High Court PIL Rules, 2010.
Public Interest Litigation is an effective tool to prevent politicians from misusing their
powers. Discuss this statement with the appropriate decisions of the Supreme Court
of India.
Discuss the matters to be considered by a lawyer preferring PILs and challenges
thereof.
Explain in detail the facts and ratio laid down : Peoples Union for Civil Liberties v/s
Union of India (Right to exercise option of NOTA) (2013) 10 SCC 1
Explain in detail the facts and ratio laid down : Narmada Bachao Andolan v/s Union of
India (AIR 2000 SC 3751)
Explain in detail the facts and ratio laid down : Bandhua Mukti Morcha v/s Union of
India (AIR 1984 SC 802)
Explain in detail the facts and ratio laid down : Vishaka v/s State of Rajasthan (AIR
1997 SC 3014)
Explain the contribution of Public Interest Litigation in maintaining independent and
impartial Judiciary.
Discuss in detail the contribution of PILs in the protection and preservation of
Environmental in India along with relevant cases.

Dec-2016 :

https://www.facebook.com/groups/LLB.GujUni/ http://duralex.bhatt.net.in/
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Dharmo.Rakshati.Rakshitah/ Page - 18 of 27

Which courts are competent to entertain the public interest litigation ? Discuss in
detail the powers thereof.
Discuss about the origin and development of the public interest litigation in India and
importance thereof.
Public interest litigation is helpful in protecting the rights of poor and illeterate
people Discuss this statement with decided case of the Apex Court.
How the rights of prisoners and arrestees are protected by the Public interest
litigation ? Discuss.
Public interest litigation is not a pill or penicillin for every wrong Discuss this
statement in the light of various decisions of the Supreme Court and explain the
limitations of PILs.
Public interest litigation is not a publicity interest litigation Discuss this statement
and explain the precautions required to be taken by a lawyer before initiating Public
interest litigation.
Explain : SCC advocates on Record Association -vs- Union of India (1991) 4 SCC 699
Explain : Lili Thomas -vs- Union of India (2013) 7 SCC 653
Explain : Murli Deora -vs- Union of India (2001) 8 SCC 765
Explain : D K Basu -vs- State of West Bengal (AIR 1997 SC 610)
Write note : Main provisions of the Gujarat Highcourt PIL Rules 2010 and significance
thereof.
Write note : Development of compensatory jurisprudence through PILs.

Go To Contents

305E Intellectual Property Law

Nov-2011 :
Discuss suits for infringement of Patent under the Patents Act, 1970.
Discuss the meaning, types of specification under the Patents Act, 1970.
Discuss the registration under the Trade Marks Act, 1999.
Discuss the procedure for infringement of action and passing of action under the
Trade Marks Act, 1999.
Discuss the infringement of copyright under the Copyright Act, 1957.
Discuss the meaning of copyright and work in which copyright subsists under the
Copyright Act, 1957.

https://www.facebook.com/groups/LLB.GujUni/ http://duralex.bhatt.net.in/
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Dharmo.Rakshati.Rakshitah/ Page - 19 of 27

Explain the provisions relating to registration under the Designs Act of 2000.
Discuss Design Controller under the Designs Act, 2000.
Write note : Inventions which not-patentable.
Write note : Lapsed Patent.
Write note : Registered Users.
Write note : Trade description - False trade description.
Write note : First owner of copyright.
Write note : Term of copyright

Nov-2012 :
Discuss under the Trade Mark Act, 1999 : Relative grounds for refusal of registration.
Discuss under the Trade Mark Act, 1999 : Absolute grounds for refusal of registration.
Discuss under the Trade Mark Act, 1999 : Deceptive similar.
Discuss under the Trade Mark Act, 1999 : Effect of registration.
Discuss under the Trade Mark Act, 1999 : Trade description.
Discuss under the Trade Mark Act, 1999 : Collective marks.
Discuss under the Trade Mark Act, 1999 : Assignment of Trade mark.
Discuss under the Trade Mark Act, 1999 : Prohibition of registration of some names.
Discuss under the Patent Act, 1970 : Rights of Patentee.
Discuss under the Patent Act, 1970 : Patentable invention.
Discuss under the Patent Act, 1970 : Qualification of a patent agent.
Discuss under the Patent Act, 1970 : Power of Central Government to make rules.
Explain act not be infringement of Copyright under the Copyright Act, 1999.
Explain : Term of Copyright.
Explain : International Copyright.
Explain : First owner of Copyright.
Explain : Copyright Societies.
Explain : The remedies available against infringement of Copyright.
Discuss under the Design Act, 2000 : Design.
Discuss under the Design Act, 2000 : Design Controller.
Discuss under the Design Act, 2000 : Piracy of Registered Designs.
Discuss under the Design Act, 2000 : Prohibition on registration of Designs.

https://www.facebook.com/groups/LLB.GujUni/ http://duralex.bhatt.net.in/
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Dharmo.Rakshati.Rakshitah/ Page - 20 of 27

Discuss under the Design Act, 2000 : About cancellation of registration of Design.

Oct-2013 :
Explain under the Trademark Act, 1999 : Meaning of Trademark
Explain under the Trademark Act, 1999 : Register of Trademark
Explain under the Trademark Act, 1999 : Absolute grounds for refusal of registration
Explain under the Trademark Act, 1999 : Prohibition of registration of some names
Explain under the Trademark Act, 1999 : Application for registration
Explain under the Trademark Act, 1999 : Infringement of Trademark
Explain under the Trademark Act, 1999 : Registration as registered user
Explain under the Trademark Act, 1999 : Alteration of registered Trademark
Explain under the Copyright Act : Meaning and characteristic of Copyright
Explain under the Copyright Act : Author
Explain under the Copyright Act : International Copyright
Explain under the Copyright Act : Copyright Societies
Explain under the Copyright Act : First owner of Copyright
Explain under the Copyright Act : Civil remedies available against Infringement of
copyright
Explain under the Copyright Act : Term of Copyright
Explain under the Copyright Act : Powers and procedure of copyright board.
Explain under the Patent Act : Concept of Patent
Explain under the Patent Act : Invention
Explain under the Patent Act : Powers of Controller
Explain under the Patent Act : Renovation of Patents
Explain under the Design Act : Design
Explain under the Design Act : Owner of Design
Explain under the Design Act : Piracy of Registered Design
Explain under the Design Act : Rectification of register

Nov-2014 :
Explain the meaning of intellectual property and discuss its various forms,
Discuss the amendments lone in various legislations relating to intellectual properly
law in India and their effects,

https://www.facebook.com/groups/LLB.GujUni/ http://duralex.bhatt.net.in/
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Dharmo.Rakshati.Rakshitah/ Page - 21 of 27

Explain the meaning of Copyright and discuss its essential elements,


Discuss : Compulsory licence for benefit of disabled,
Discuss : Power and procedure of Copyright Board,
Discuss the provisions of piracy of registered designs,
Discuss in detail "deceptive similar| under the Trade Mark Act,
Who can apply for patents and who can not apply for patent ?
State the powers of controller under Patent Act,
Write Short note : Assignment of Trade Mark
Write Short note : Designs
Write Short note : Procedure for registration of designs
Write Short note : Design controller.

Dec-2015 :
Discuss the development of Intellectual Property Law in India in the international
regime.
Discuss : Government work (Under Copyright Act)
Discuss : Power and procedure of Copyright Board
How to oppose registration under Trade Marks Act ?
Discuss in detail "deceptive similar" under the Trade Marks Act.
Explain patentable invention and rights of patentee under Patent Act.
Explain the controls over Registration of Designs.
Who can apply for patent and who can not apply for patent ?
Discuss the essential elements of Copyrights.
Write short note : Collective Trade Mark
Write short note : Design Controller
Write short note : Assignment of Trade
Write short note : Terms of Copyrights
Write short note : False Trade Mark
Write short note : Infringement of Literary Work

Apr-2016 :
Explain in detail the meaning of Intellectual Property with illustrations and case-laws.
Explain in detail the main forms of Intellectual Property.

https://www.facebook.com/groups/LLB.GujUni/ http://duralex.bhatt.net.in/
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Dharmo.Rakshati.Rakshitah/ Page - 22 of 27

Explain the status and position of IPRs in India in context with the International
Regime.
Explain in detail the Amendments in various legislations relating to IPRs in India.
Explain in detail the meaning of Copyright and state the Historical evolution of the
Copyright Law in India.
Explain in detail the various kinds of infringement of copyrights and state the
remedies under the Copyright Law.
State the definition and concept of trademarks in goods and service with case-laws.
State the definitions and concept of passing off and infringement of trademarks and
distinguished between passing off and infringement of trademarks.
Explain in detail : Concept and essentials of patent
Explain in detail : Patent in computer programme and computer software
Explain in detail : Rights and obligations of a patentee
Explain in detail : Remedies in case of infringement of the patent.

Go To Contents

https://www.facebook.com/groups/LLB.GujUni/ http://duralex.bhatt.net.in/
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Dharmo.Rakshati.Rakshitah/ Page - 23 of 27

306F Principles of Negotiable instruments

Mar-2014 :
Explain in detail the Definition of Negotiable Instrument and its kinds.
Explain the provisions of Bill of Exchange and distinguish between Bill of Exchange
and Promissory Note.
Explain in detail the definition of the Holder and Holder in due course and explain
in detail their Rights and Duties.
Explain in detail the Types of Crossing and Kinds of Endorsement.
Explain in detail the Rights and Duties of the Drawee and Payee of the Negotiable
Instruments with case laws.
Explain the essential ingredients for initiating criminal proceedings against the drawee
of a cheque in the event of dishonour of cheque under the Negotiable Instrument Act,
1881 along with the approach of the Supreme Court of India.

Nov-2014 :
Explain in detail essential factors of a valid Promissory Note. Distinguish it from Bill of
Exchange.
Define and explain the term Cheque and Electronic Cheque. Describe in detail
various type of crossing and advantages thereof.
Explain : Maturity and days of grace.
Explain : Objects and reasons of the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881.
Explain : Negotiation and Negotiation Back.
Explain : Power and Jurisdiction of court in a case punishable under section 138 of the
Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881.
Explain in detail with illustrations, the rights of the Holder-in-due course of an
instrument.
What do you mean by Endorsement ? Explain the types of Endorsement and the
effects thereof.
Discuss the provisions relating to the dishonour of cheque and remedies available
against the drawer of a cheque under the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881.
Explain : Inchoate Stamped Instrument.
Explain : Acceptance for honour and payment for honour.
Explain : Ambiguous Instrument.

https://www.facebook.com/groups/LLB.GujUni/ http://duralex.bhatt.net.in/
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Dharmo.Rakshati.Rakshitah/ Page - 24 of 27

Dec-2015 :
Define and explain in detail the essential ingredients of the Promissory Note. How it
differs from Bills of Exchange ?
What do you mean by Bills of Exchange ? Explain its elements in detail. Distinguish it
from cheque.
Define and explain Holder and Holder in due Course. Discuss about the rights
available to Holder in due course of a negotiable instrument.
Explain : Types of Crossing
Explain : Endorsement and its kinds
Explain : Liability of Directors of a company nominated by the Government in the
event of dishonour of cheque.
Explain : Drawee in case of need.
Explain : Ambiguous Instrument.
Explain : Acceptance for Honour and Payment for Honour.
Explain : Electronic Cheque.
Explain : Negotiation Back
Discuss in detail about liability of the drawer of a cheque in case of the dishonour of
cheque under the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881 in the light of decided cases of
the Supreme Court of India.
Explain : Importance of Mens Rea in cases of dishonour of Cheque.
Explain : Liabilities of Partner of a firm in case of dishonour of cheque.

Apr-2016 :
Explain in detail the characteristics and presumptions of the Negotiable Instruments.
Explain in detail the meaning of the terms Holder and Holder in Due Course and
its provisions with case laws.
Explain in detail the various kinds of crossing of cheques and its provisions with
decided cases.
Explain in detail the various kinds of Negotiable Instruments and its provisions with
case laws.
Explain in detail the meaning of the terms Ambiguous Instruments and Inchoate
Stamped Instruments and its provisions with case laws.
Explain in detail the provisions relating to the Drawee in case of Need with case laws.
Explain in detail the provisions of criminal proceedings in case of Dishonour of
cheques with case laws.

https://www.facebook.com/groups/LLB.GujUni/ http://duralex.bhatt.net.in/
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Dharmo.Rakshati.Rakshitah/ Page - 25 of 27

Explain in detail provisions of criminal liability of the managements of the company


and partners of the firm in case of Dishonour of Cheques with case laws.

Go To Contents

https://www.facebook.com/groups/LLB.GujUni/ http://duralex.bhatt.net.in/
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Dharmo.Rakshati.Rakshitah/ Page - 26 of 27

307K Rehabilitation of Criminals & Juveniles in Society & Law

Mar-2014 :
Man is not born as a criminal, but the circumstances compel him to commit crime.
Critically discuss this statement in the light of various theories of crime.
Kill the Crime and not the Criminal. Discuss this statement in the light of
reformative approach and explain how far the above statement is accepted in India.
Discuss various theories of causation of Crime.
Discuss : Neglected Juveniles
Discuss : Power of the Supreme Court to do Complete Justice
Discuss : Tender of pardon to accomplice under the Criminal procedure code
Discuss : Pardoning power of the President and Governors under the Constitution.
Explain : Powers of the Court to release offenders after admonition and after payment
of compensation and cost under the Probation of Offenders Act, 1958.
Explain : Appointment, powers and duties of the Probation Officer under the Probation
of Offenders Act, 1958.
Explain : Parole and furlough : Concept and facilities
Explain : Explain : Object, reasons and salient features of the Juvenile Justice (Care
and Protection of Children) Act, 2000.
Discuss about the role of the Society, Government and NGOs towards rehabilitation of
criminals and Juveniles.
Discuss under the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 :
Observation Homes and Special Homes
Discuss under the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 :
Constitution, functions and powers of the Juvenile Justice Board.
Discuss under the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 :
Juvenile in conflict with law and child in need of care and protection.
Discuss under the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 :
Provisions relating to Presumption and determination of age of Juveniles

Jan-2016 :
Explain in detail the reformative theory of punishment prevailing in the civilized and
cultural societies.
Explain in detail the various theories of Punishment.
State in detail the various theories of Causation of Crimes.

https://www.facebook.com/groups/LLB.GujUni/ http://duralex.bhatt.net.in/
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Dharmo.Rakshati.Rakshitah/ Page - 27 of 27

Humans are not born criminal but circumstances compels them to do crime. Explain
in detail.
Explain in detail the aims, objectives and salient features of the Juvenile Justice (Care
and Protection of Children) Act, 2000.
Explain in detail the approach of the Government as well as Non-Government
Organizations towards rehabilitation of criminals and Juveniles.
Explain in detail the provisions of the criminal procedure code for probation of the
offenders.
Explain in detail the powers of the President as well as Governors to tender the
Pardon of criminals.

Apr-2016 :
Discuss in detail the Differential Association Theory of Crime given by Prof.
Sutherland.
Explain various theories of punishment.
Write note : Power of the President and Governor of State to tender pardon to
criminal.
Write note : Kinds of punishment under the Indian Penal Code.
Write note : Tender of pardon to accomplice under the Criminal Procedure Code.
Write note : Security for keeping peace and good behaviour under the Provisions of
Criminal Procedure Code.
Discuss the powers of the Court under the Probation of Offenders' Act, 1958.
Explain : Explain the powers and duties of the Probation Officer.
Explain : Restriction on imprisonment of offenders under the age of 21 years.
Explain in detail the provisions relating to the mechanism taking care and
rehabilitation of Juveniles in conflict with law under Juvenile Justice (Care and
Protection of Children) Act, 2000.
We need to change our approach towards the criminals and juveniles in conflict with
law and help them to live as a law abiding citizens in the society again. Discuss.

Go To Contents

https://www.facebook.com/groups/LLB.GujUni/ http://duralex.bhatt.net.in/