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Building Technology

FLEA 2013 Review

UAP-Dubai Chapter
Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern.
Like slate, roofing tiles are fire-resistant, durable, and require little maintenance. They are also heavy and
require roof framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles.

Roofing tiles are normally installed over a solid plywood deck with an underlayment of 30 lb. or 45 lb.
roofing felt. Special tile units are used at ridges, hips, rakes and eaves.


Plain Tile or Flat Tile - Plain tiles are always 265 x 165mm in overall size and require 60 tiles per
square meter. They are sometimes referred to as "double lapped" or "double lap" tiles - a reference to
the fact that when they are laid on the roof, at all critical points there must be a double overlap (three
layers of tile) to prevent the ingress of water. There are two types of plain tiles as follows:

Pantile - The shape most commonly associated with historic clay roofing tiles is probably that of
convex or rounded tiles, often grouped together generically as "pan tiles" or "pantiles."

Spanish or S tile S-shape tiles where one interlocks with the other
Barrel or Mission tile - Tiles where one halfcylinder overlaps another inverted halfcylinder to
form a cover and pan (cap and trough) arrangement.
Overlapping - tiles which overlap the next tile in the same course but which fit
together without interlocking bars simply by overlapping

Interlocking - Tiles with fully interlocking bars (side and head on the upper surface
and the opposing 2 sides beneath). Interlocking tiles are, like overlapping tiles,
sometimes referred to as "single lapped" or "single lap" tiles.
Flashing refer to thin continuous pieces of sheet
metal or other impervious material installed to prevent
the passage of water into a structure from an angle or
joint. Flashing generally operates on the principle that,
for water to penetrate a joint, it must work itself upward
against the force of gravity or in the case of wind-driven
rain, it would have to follow a tortuous path during
which the driving force will be dissipated. Exterior
building materials can be configured with a non-
continuous profile to defeat water surface tension.
Al Ayn University Mosque

American University
of Sharjah
Department of
Architecture, Design
and Language
San Sebastian Church
This small jewel-box church is the first all-steel church in
the Philippines and in Asia; and the second in the world.
Design for the church was finished in 1883 and was
prefabricated in Belgium. The completely knocked-down
church was shipped backed to the Philippines in 6 ships.