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RULE IV - TYPES OF CONSTRUCTION

SECTION 401. Types of Construction

For purposes of the Code and its IRR, all buildings proposed for construction shall be
classified according to the following types:

1. Type I - shall be of wood construction. The structural elements may be any of the materials
permitted by the Code.

2. Type II - shall be of wood construction with protective fire-resistant materials and one-hour
fire-resistive throughout, except, that permanent non-bearing partitions may use fire-retardant
treated wood within the framing assembly with one-hour resistivity.

3. Type III - shall be of masonry and wood construction. Structural elements may be any of the
materials permitted by the Code provided, that the building shall be one-hour fire-resistive
throughout. Exterior walls shall be of incombustible fire-resistive construction.

4. Type IV - shall be steel, iron, concrete, or masonry construction and walls, ceiling and
permanent partitions shall be of incombustible fire-resistive construction, except, that
permanent non-bearing partitions of one-hour fire-resistive construction may use fire-
retardant treated wood within the framing assembly.

5. Type V - shall be four-hour fire-resistive throughout and the structural elements shall be of
steel, iron, concrete, or masonry construction.

SECTION 402. Changes in Types

No change shall be made in the type of construction of any building which would place the
building in a different sub- type or type of construction unless such building is made to comply
with the requirements for such sub- type of construction: Except, when the changes is approved
by the Building Official upon showing that the new or proposed construction is less hazardous,
based on life and fire risk, than the existing construction.

SECTION 403. Requirements on Type of Construction

The following standards are prescribed:

1. Fire Resistive Requirements

a. Exterior bearing and non-bearing walls of Types II and III Constructions shall have one
hour fire-resistive rating, while those of Types IV and V shall have four-hour fire-resistive
rating.

b. Interior bearing walls, permanent partitions, floors, and roofs of Types II, III and IV
Construction shall have one-hour fire-resistive rating while those of Type V shall have
three-hour fire-resistive rating for bearing walls and one-hour fire-resistive rating for
vertical openings, floors and roofs.

c. Structural frames of Types II and III Construction shall have one-hour fire-resistive rating,
while those of Type IV shall have two-hour fire-resistive rating and those of Type V shall
have three hour fire-resistive rating.

d. Exterior doors and windows shall have one hour fire-resistive rating for all Types.

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2. Interior Wall and Ceiling Finishes

a. Finishes for interior walls and ceilings of any building shall be classified according to their
flame-spread characteristic using generally accepted engineering standards. The smoke
density shall not be greater than that obtained from burning of untreated wood under
similar conditions when tested in accordance with the Tunnel Test in the way intended
for use. The products of combustion shall be no more toxic than the burning of untreated
wood under similar conditions. These finishes include: interior wainscoting, paneling, or
other finish applied structurally or for decoration, acoustical correction, frames and trims
of doors and windows, surface insulation or similar purposes.

b. Requirements for flame-spread characteristics of finishes shall not apply to frames and
trim of doors and windows and to materials which are less than 1.00 millimeter in
thickness cemented to the surface of walls or ceilings.

c. Materials required to be flame-spread proofed shall be treated with a flame-retardant


having a flame-spread of fifty (50) or less as determined by the Tunnel Test.

3. Standards for materials use in structural framework, exterior walls and openings, floors, exits,
stairs & roofs shall be governed by the pertinent provision of the Fire Code of the Philippines.

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