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6 views7 pagesA tutorial sheet on engineering mathematics

Jun 29, 2017

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A tutorial sheet on engineering mathematics

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A tutorial sheet on engineering mathematics

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MA 2201(Advanced Engg. Mathematics) Session: 2017----

Tutorial Sheet No. -- 2

MODULE IV

1. Reduce the following linear homogeneous differential equations into the Strum Liouville

form:

(i) xy + (1 x ) y + ny = 0 x 0.

(ii) (1 x 2 ) y xy + n 2 y = 0 x < 1.

(iv) y 2 xy + 2ny = 0

2. Find the eigen-values and eigen-functions of the following Strum Liouville boundary

value problem. Verify the orthogonality by direct calculations.

(i) y + y = 0, y (0) = 0, y ( ) = 0

(ii) y + y = 0, y (0) = 0, y (l ) = 0

(iii) y + y = 0, y (0) = y (2 ), y (0) = y (2 )

3. State Dirichlets conditions for the expansion of any function f (x ) in terms of Fourier

series. If f (x ) is a periodic function of period 2 and it is expressed in the series form

as:

a0

f ( x) = + a n cos nx + bn sin nx , l < x < l + 2 , then show that

2 n =1 n =1

l + 2 l + 2 l + 2

1 1 1

a0 =

l

f ( x )dx, an =

l

f ( x) cos nxdx, bn =

f ( x) sin nxdx.

l

1

2

1 1 1

Hence deduce that (i) 2 + + + + .................. = ,

1 2 2 32 4 2 6

1 1

2

1 1

(ii) 2 2 + 2 2 + .................. = .

1 2 3 4 12

5. Find the Fourier series to represent the function f(x) = x2 in (-, ).

1

2

1 1 1

Hence deduce that (i) 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 + .................. = ,

1 2 3 4 6

1 1

2

1 1

(ii) 2 2

+ + .................. = ,

1 2 32 4 2 12

1 1

2

1

(iii) 2 + 2 + 2 + ................. =

1 3 5 8

6. Show that the Fourier series to represent the function f(x) = x sinx in (-, ) is:

1 cos 2 x cos 3 x cos 4 x

x sin x = 1 cos x 2 + ..................

2 1.3 2.4 3.5

1 1 1 1

Hence deduce that = + + .............................................................

4 2 1.3 3.5 5.7

7. Assume an alternating current after passing through a rectifier posses the form

I 0 sin x , 0 x

I =

0, x 2

where I0 is the maximum current. Express I as Fourier series.

8. Find the Fourier series to represent the function f(x) = x-x2 in (-1, 1 ) as

1 4

(1) n 2 (1) n sin nx

f ( x) =

2 2

n =1 n

2

cos nx

n =1 n

,

2 1 1 1

Hence deduce that = 2 + 2 + 2 + ..................

8 1 3 5

9. Assume a sinusoidal voltage E sint which is passed through a half wave rectifier and

clips the negative portion of the wave. Express the resulting periodic function

0 , T /2 < t < 0

U (t ) = where T = 2 /, in a Fourier series as:

E sin t , 0<t <T /2

U (t ) = + sin t + + + ..................

2 1.3 3.5 5.7

x , 0 < x < 1

10. Find the Fourier series to represent the function defined as f ( x) =

0, 1 < x < 2

11. Find the half-range sine and cosine series for the function ex in 0 x 1.

12. Obtain the half-range cosine series for the function f (x) = (1-x)2 in the interval 0 x 1

1 4 cos x cos 2x cos 3x

as f ( x) = + 2 + 2

+ 2

+ ..................

3 1 2 3

1 , 0 x a/2

13. Obtain the half-range sine and cosine series for the function f ( x) =

1, a/2 x a

1 1 2nx l

14. Show that the series

n sin

n =1 l

represents x when 0 < x < l.

2

mx , 0 x /2

15. If f ( x) =

m( x), / 2 x

then obtain the half-range sine series for the function as

4m sin x sin 3 x sin 5 x

f ( x) = 2 2 + 2

..................

1 3 5

MODULE V

16. Derive Cauchy Riemann partial differential equations for the necessary conditions of

analyticity of a function of complex variable. When these conditions become sufficient?

17. Show that continuity does not imply differentiability by considering the function

2

f (z) = z .

x 3 y ( y ix )

, z0

18. Verify whether the function f ( z ) = x 6 + y 2 is non - analytic at z = 0 .

0, z=0

19. If f ( z ) = u + iv is an analytic function of z, prove that the two curves u ( x, y ) = c1 and

v( x, y ) = c 2 will intersect orthogonally.

20. Derive Cauchy Reimann equations in polar form and prove that

2 u 1 u 1 2 u 2 v 1 v 1 2 v

+ + =0 and + + =0

r 2 r r r 2 2 r 2 r r r 2 2

21. If and are functions satisfying Laplaces equation, show that S+iT is analytic, where

S= and T = +

y x x y

1 px

22. Determine p such that the function f ( z ) = log( x 2 + y 2 ) + i tan 1 is an analytic

2 y

function.

23. If = + i represents the complex potential for an electric field and

x

= x2 y2 + , determine the function .

x + y22

25. State and prove Cauchys Integral Formula.

2 +i

z

2

26. Evaluate I 1 = dz along the line OA where A is the point (2+i).

0

c

e z

28. Evaluate C z 2 dz round the contour C, where C is the circle z = 1.

3z 2 + z

29. Use Cauchys integral formula to evaluate C z 2 1 where C is the circle z = 2 .

30. Evaluate the integrals

cos z cos z 2 e2z

i)

C z 1

dz ii)

C ( z 1)( z 2)

dz (iii) C ( z + 1) 4 dz

where C is the circle z = 2 .

MODULE VI

1

31. Find the image of z 2i = 1 under the mapping = .

z

1

32. Show that the image of the hyperbola x 2 y 2 = 1 under the transformation w = is the

z

Lemniscate 2 = Cos 2 .

z i

33. Show that under the transformation w = real axis in the z-plane is mapped into the

z+i

circle w = 1 . What portion of the z-plane corresponds to the interior of the circle?

2z + 3

34. Show that the transformation w = changes the circle x 2 + y 2 4 x = 0 into the

z 4

straight line 4u + 3 = 0 .

35. Find the bilinear transformation which maps the points z=0,-i,-1 into w=i, 1, 0

respectively.

1

36. Expand f ( z ) = in Laurents series valid for the regions

( z + 1)( z + 3)

z2 1

37. Find the Taylors or Laurents series which represent the function f ( z ) =

( z + 2)( z + 3)

38. For the following functions, find the poles and the residues at each poles:

z2 1 z2 cot nz

(i) f ( z) = , (ii) f ( z) = (iii) f ( z ) =

( z + 2)( z + 3) ( z 1) 4 ( z 2)( z 3) ( z a)2

39. State Cauchys theorem of residues. Evaluate the following integrals using Cauchys

theorem of residues:

2z 2 + 1

C ( z + 1) 2 ( z 2) dz where C: (a) z = 3 , (b) z 1 = 1

2 2

1 2 1 2

(i) 0 2 + cos d = 3 , (ii) 0 1 + a 2 2a cos d = 1 a 2 , 0 < a < 1,

1

(i) (1 + x

2

)

dx =

2

cos x e b e a

(ii) ( x 2 + a 2 )( x 2 + b 2 ) dx = a 2 b 2

b

a

MODULE VII

x2 y2

(i) f (x2 +y2 - z2, x+y+z )=0 , (ii) 2z = 2

+ 2 , (iii) z = f ( x 2 + y ) + g ( x 2 y ) .

a b

43. Solve the following differential equations:

(i) xy2 p+xzq = y2, (ii) ( y + zx ) p ( x + yz)q = ( x 2 y 2 ) ,

(iii) (x2-yz)p+(y2-zx)q = z2-xy,

(iv) x2(y-z)p+y2(z-x)q=z2 (x-y), (v) ( y2+z2-x2)p -2xyq+2zx = 0.

44. Solve the following partial differential solutions, where D and D

x y

(i) ( D 2 2 DD 15D 2 ) z = 12 xy

(ii) ( D 2 2 DD D 2 ) z = sin( 2 x + 3 y )

(iii) ( D 2 2 DD ) z = 2e 2 x 3 x 2 y

(iv) ( D 2 DD + 2 D 2 ) z = ( y 1)e x

(v) (4 D 2 4 DD + D 2 ) z = 16 log( x + 2 y )

45. Solve the following partial differential solutions, where D and D

x y

(i) ( D 2 DD + D 1) z = cos( x + 2 y )

(ii) ( D 3D 2) 2 z = 2e 2 x tan( y + 3 x)

46. A string is stretched and fastened to two points l cm. apart. The string is displaced and

then released to vibrate in the x-t plane, where u ( x, t ) denotes the vertical displacement

of the vibrating string. The initial- boundary value problem modeling the motion of the

2u 2

2 u

string is given by =c , 0 < x < l , t > 0 , with the boundary conditions:

t 2 x 2

u (0, t ) = 0, u (l , t ) = 0, t > 0 , and the initial

conditions: u ( x,0) = x (l x), ut ( x,0) = 0. Solve it by the method of separation of

variables.

2u 2

2 u

47. Solve the one dimensional wave equation 2 = c , 0 < x < l, t > 0

t x 2

with the boundary conditions: u (0, t ) = 0, u (l , t ) = 0, t > 0 , and the initial conditions:

48. Solve the one dimensional heat conduction equation

u 2u

= c2 2 0 < x < l, t > 0

t x

with the boundary conditions: u (0, t ) = 0, u (l , t ) = 0, t > 0 , and the initial conditions:

x

u ( x,0) = 3 sin , 0 < x < l.

l

49. Solve the following boundary value problem:

u 2u

= c2 2 , 0 < x < l, t > 0 ,

t x

u (0, t ) u (l , t )

subject to the condition = 0, = 0 and u ( x,0) = x, 0 < x < l.

x x

50. Solve the following problem:

u 2u

= , for the conduction of heat along a rod without radiation, subject to the

t x 2

following conditions:

u (0, t ) u (l , t )

(i) = 0, =0

x x

(ii) u ( x,0) = lx x 2 , 0 < x < l.

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