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PROGRAM NAME: SAP2000


REVISION NO.: 0

AISC LRFD-93 Example 002

WIDE FLANGE MEMBER UNDER COMBINED COMPRESSION & BIAXIAL BENDING

EXAMPLE DESCRIPTION
A check of the column adequacy is checked for combined axial compression and
flexural loads. The column is 14 feet tall and loaded with an axial load,
Pu = 1400 kips and bending, M ux , M uy = 200k-ft and 70k-ft, respectively. It is
assumed that there is reverse-curvature bending with equal end moments about
both axes and no loads along the member. The column demand/capacity ratio is
checked against the results of Example 6.2 in the 3rd Edition, LRFD Manual of
Steel Construction, pages 6-6 to 6-8.

GEOMETRY, PROPERTIES AND LOADING

Member Properties Loading Geometry


W14X176 Pu = 1,400 kips H = 14.0 ft
E = 29000 ksi Mux = 200 kip-ft
Fy = 50 ksi Muy = 70 kip-ft

TECHNICAL FEATURES TESTED


Section compactness check (compression)
Member compression capacity
Member bending capacity
Demand/capacity ratio, D/C

AISC LRFD-93 Example 002 - 1


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PROGRAM NAME: SAP2000
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RESULTS COMPARISON

Independent results are hand calculated and compared with the results from
Example 6.2 in the 3rd Edition, LRFD Manual of Steel Construction, pages 6-6 to
6-8.

Percent
Output Parameter SAP2000 Independent Difference
Compactness Compact Compact 0.00%

c Pn (kips) 1937.84 1937.84 0.00%

b M nx (k-ft) 1200 1200 0.00%

b M ny (k-ft) 600.478 600.478 0.00%

D/C 0.974 0.974 0.00%

COMPUTER FILE: AISC LRFD-93 EX002

CONCLUSION
The results show an exact comparison with the independent results.

AISC LRFD-93 Example 002 - 2


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PROGRAM NAME: SAP2000
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HAND CALCULATION

Properties:
Material: ASTM A992 Grade 50 Steel
Fy = 50 ksi, E = 29,000 ksi

Section: W14x176
A = 51.8 in2,
bf = 15.7 in, tf = 1.31 in, d = 15.2 in, tw = 0.83 in
hc = d 2t f = 15.2 2 1.31 = 12.58 in
Ix = 2,140 in4, Iy = 838 in4, rx = 6.4275 in, ry = 4.0221 in
Sx = 281.579 in3, Sy = 106.7516 in3, Zx = 320.0 in3, Zy = 163.0 in3.

Member:
Kx = Ky = 1.0
L = Lb = 14 ft

Other
c =0.85
b =0.9

Loadings:
Pu = 1400 kips
Mux = 200 k-ft
Muy = 70 k-ft

Section Compactness:
Localized Buckling for Flange:

=
( b=
f / 2) (15.7 / 2)
= 5.99
tf 1.31
65 65
=
p = = 9.19
Fy 50
< p , No localized flange buckling
Flange is Compact.

AISC LRFD-93 Example 002 - 3


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PROGRAM NAME: SAP2000
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Localized Buckling for Web:


h 12.58
= c= = 15.16
tw 0.83
b Py =b Ag Fy =0.9 51.8 50 =
2331 kips
Pu 1400
= = 0.601
b Py 2331

Pu
Since = 0.601 > 0.125
b Py
191 P 253
=p 2.33 u
Fy b Py Fy
191 253
=
p ( 2.33 0.601
= ) 46.714 = 35.780
50 50
< p , No localized web buckling
Web is Compact.

Section is Compact.

Member Compression Capacity:

For braced frames, K = 1.0 and KxLx = KyLy = 14.0 ft, From AISC Table 4-2,

c Pn =
1940 kips

Or by hand,

K y L Fy 1.0 14 12 50
=c = = 0.552
ry E 4.022 29000

Since c < 1.5,

(
Fy 0.658c
Fcr =
2

)=
50 0.658 0.5522
=
44.012 ksi

c Pn =
c Fcr Ag =
0.85 44.012 51.8
c Pn =
1937.84 kips

AISC LRFD-93 Example 002 - 4


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PROGRAM NAME: SAP2000
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From LRFD Specification Section H1.2,

Pu 1400
= = 0.722 > 0.2
c Pn 1937.84

Therefore, LRFD Specification Equation H1-1a governs.

Section Bending Capacity


50 310
=
M px F=
yZx = 1333.333 k-ft
12
M py = Fy Z y
Zy 163
However,= = 1.527 > 1.5,
S y 106.7516
So
Zy = 1.5 S y =1.5 106.7516 =
160.1274in 3

50 160.1274
=M py = 667.198 k-ft
12

Member Bending Capacity

From LRFD Specification Equation F1-4,

E
L p = 1.76ry
Fyf
29000 1
L= 1.76 4.02 = 14.2 ft > L= 14 ft
p
50 12 b

b M nx =
b M px
b M nx =0.9 1333.333
b M nx =
1200 k-ft

b M ny =
b M py
b M ny =
0.9 667.198
b M ny =
600.478 k-ft

AISC LRFD-93 Example 002 - 5


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PROGRAM NAME: SAP2000
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Interaction Capacity: Compression & Bending

From LRFD Specification section C1.2, for a braced frame, Mlt = 0.

M ux = B1x M ntx , where M ntx = 200 kip-ft; and


M uy = B1 y M nty , where M nty = 70 kip-ft

Cm
B1 = 1
P
1 u
Pe1

For reverse curvature bending and equal end moments:

M1
= +1.0
M2

M
C m = 0.6 0.4 1
M2
C m = 0.6 0.4(1.0 ) = 0.2
2 EI
pe1 =
( KL )
2

2 29000 2140
=pe1x = 21, 702 kips
(14.0 12 )
2

2 29000 838
=pe1 y = 8, 498
(14.0 12 )
2

C mx
B1x = 1
Pu
1
Pe1x
0.2
=
B1x = 0.214 1
1400
1
21702

AISC LRFD-93 Example 002 - 6


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B1x = 1
C my
B1 y = 1
P
1 u
P
e1 y

0.2
=
B1 y = 0.239 1
1400
1
8498
B1 y = 1
M ux = 1.0 200 = 200 kip-ft;
and
M uy = 1.0 70 = 70 kip-ft

From LRFD Specification Equation H1-1a,

1400 8 200 70
+ + =0.974 < 1.0 , OK
1940 9 1200 600.478
D
= 0.974
C

AISC LRFD-93 Example 002 - 7