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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 01

I am very thankful to my respected teachers for their enormous help and precious guidance
throughout the process of my thesis work-

Dr. Joyita Guha Niogi.(Thesis Guide)

Dr. Suchandra Bardhan (Thesis Co-ordinator)

Dr. Sanjib Nag

Prof. Tapash Kumar Bhattacharya

Prof. Shivashish Bose

Prof. Debashish Das

Prof. Subhrajit Das

Prof. Sanghamitra Sarkar


I am also thankful to my classmates, juniors without whom it would not have been possible to
continue the thesis work so successfully, especially without-

Ananya Maji (2 nd year) , Arjun Das (3rd year), Swaraj Bose (3rd year) , Shubhodip Pan (3rd year)

And especially thanks to my seniors-

Sayantan Mondal

Arka Prava Barik

Rajkumar Ghosh

Gouranga Ghosh

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1.0 CONTENTS 01

1.0. INTRODUCTION

1.1. BACKGROUND
1.1.1.DEFINITION
1.1.2.JUSTIFICATION
1.1.3.LITERATURE STUDY

1.2. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES

1.2.1.HYPOTHESIS

1.3. SCOPE OF WORK AND LIMITATION

2.0. SITE STUDY


2.1. SELECTION
2.2. SITE LEVEL STUDY

3.0. PRIMARY CASE STUDY

4.0. SECONDARY CASE STUDY

5.0. CONCLUSION

6.0. DESIGN GUIDELINES

7.0. ANTHROMETRIC STUDY

8.0. DESIGN CONCEPT

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1.0 PREFACE 01

The thesis work has been a five years journey for my Bachelor Degree in
architecture in Jadavpur University, Kolkata..

I would firstly like to thank my parents who have immensely influenced me


in my thesis work..I am also grateful to my respectable teachers of my
department for their insightful comments and encouragement.

Sincere thanks to my supportative and capable academic friends,seniors


and juniors of my department. My express my gratitude to my thesis guide
Prf. Dr. Joyita Guha Neogi for motivating me to embark on the project.

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1.0 INTRODUCTION 01

1.1. BACKGROUND
India gained independence on 15th August 1947, and in January 1950, the Constitution was
promulgated and India became a Republic country.

Since Independence, our armed forces have protected the borders and sovereign territory of
India, and many soldiers have laid down their lives protecting and defending the country in a
number of wars, insurgencies, and even during times of peace.

The armed forces have lost close to 25,000 soldiers in various wars and operations such as
the Indo-Pak wars of 1947, 1965, and 1971; the Indo-China war of 1962; the Kargil war of 1999,
besides the peace keeping operations in Sri Lanka, counter insurgency operations, and
internal conflicts within the country. The country is proud of these soldiers and salutes their
sacrifice.

The Ministry of Defence, Government of India has decided to build a National Memorial in order
to honour the memory of all soldiers and their sacrifice.

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1.1. BACKGROUND
An International Design Competition open to designers from India as well as other countries
is thus proposed for the design and implementation of this commemorative National Memorial.
The Memorial is envisaged at a central location in the national capital (New Delhi) as a
structure and space depicting the solemnity of the purpose. As a tribute to the brave, it would
combine architectural aesthetics and public sentiment, and serve as a place for People to
show their respect for the soldiers who sacrificed their lives to keep us safe. It is also
envisioned as a concrete record of Indias Military history and heritage.

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1.1. BACKGROUND
1.1.1. DEFINITION

KEYWORDS :
WAR MEUSEUM THEORY

INDIA GATE, NEW DELHI APPLICATION


India gate:
The India Gate, (originally called the All India War Memorial) is a war memorial
located astride the Raj path, on the eastern edge of the ceremonial axis of New
Delhi, India, formerly called Kingsway.

India Gate is a memorial to 82,000 soldiers of the undivided Indian Army who died
in the period 191421 in the First World War, in France, Flanders, Mesopotamia,
Persia, East Africa, Gallipoli and elsewhere in the Near and the Far East, and the
Third Anglo-Afghan War.

13,300 servicemen's names, including some soldiers and officers from the United
Kingdom, are inscribed on the gate.

New Delhi:

New Delhi is the capital of India and one of Delhi cities' 11 districts.

The foundation stone of the city was laid by George V, Emperor of


India during the Delhi Durbar of 1911.

The new capital was inaugurated on 13 February 1931, by Viceroy and


Governor-General of India Lord Irwin.

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1.1. BACKGROUND
1.1.1. DEFINITION

The main focus of the thesis is to The design of the memorial & museum should be a fitting
monument to honour the memory of the brave soldiers. Located at the heart of national
capital, standing tall between the expanse of manicured lawns and grand buildings, the
National War Memorial must be majestic and timeless.

CHATRI RAJPATH

INDIA GATE PRESIDENT HOUSE

RED FORT TAJ MAHAL

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1.1. BACKGROUND
1.1.2. JUSTIFICATION

The Government of India has decided to erect a National War Memorial in the vicinity of
the India Gate, New Delhi, to honour its Armed Forces and memorialize armed forces
members killed in war after Independence in 1947. A War Museum will be constructed in the
adjoining Princes Park area. The proposed National War Memorial and the War Museum will be
connected by a subway. The War Memorial and Museum are expected to cost 400
crore (US$59 million). - WIKIPEDIA

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1.1. BACKGROUND
1.1.3. LITERATURE STUDY
TYPOLOGY:

MONUMENTS
The term monuments covers cenotaphs,
obelisks, pillars, columns and gates, usually
located in outdoor places.
INDIA GATE, NEW DELHI

SCULPTURE
War memorial sculptures are of men or
women in the armed force shown either
ready to fight or after a battle so that
the effect of war can be seen.

AMAR JAWAN JYOTI, NEW DELHI

PLAQUES
plaques can form the whole memorial or
be a part of a larger monument

NATIONAL MARTYRS MEMORIAL, BANGALORE

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1.1. BACKGROUND
1.1.3. LITERATURE STUDY
CONCEPT OF WAR MUSEUM:
A museum is an institution that cares for (conserves) a collection of artefacts and other
objects of artistic, cultural, historical, or scientific importance and some public museums
make them available for public viewing through exhibits that may be permanent or
temporary.Most large Museums are located in major cities throughout the world and more
local ones exist in smaller Cities, towns and Even the countryside. Museums have varying aims,
ranging from serving researchers and Specialists to serving the general public.

War museum is an institution that conserves a collection of artifacts and other objects
of artistic and historical importance related to war and make them available for public viewing
through exhibits that may be permanent or temporary.

A war museum is that type of museum where the


memory of war of a particular nation is being
preserved or conserved. That can be the Most
memorable and respect for the soldiers who
fought for us & our country.

An war museum is a museum exhibiting the


history and artefacts of war. In addition to actual
or replica ordnance (guns, mortars,ammunition,
etc.), exhibits can include photographs, maps,
models, dioramas, clothing and equipment used
by soldiers in a war.

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1.1. BACKGROUND

TOP 20 MOST FAMOUS WAR MUSEUM OF WORLD ACCORDING TO WIKIPEDIA

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1.1. BACKGROUND
1.1.3. LITERATURE STUDY
INDIAN ARMED FORCES:

The Indian Armed Forces are the military Forces of the Republic of India. It consists of
three professional uniformed services :
The Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force.
Additionally the Indian Armed Forces are supported by three paramillitary organisations:
Assam Rifles, Indian coast guard and Special Frontier Force.

INDIAN ARMED FORCES

INDIAN ARMY INDIAN NAVY INDIAN AIR FORCES

PARAMILITARY FORCES

ASSAM RIFLES INDIAN COAST GUARD SPECIAL FRONTIER FORCE

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1.2. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES


AIM

Enhancing the psychological impact of the area by


creating iconic built form & functional spaces
combined together, with respect to existing built
environment to represent the glory of martyrs
soldiers.

OBJECTIVES

To enhance the visual impact of the area.


To connect isolated spaces, both visually &
functionally.
To conserve the existing built environment.

A
C

1.2.1. HYPOTHESIS

VISUAL CONNECTIVITY IS THE MOST EFFECTIVE WAY TO PLACE A FORM INTO AN


EXISTING ARCHITECTURAL COMPOSITION

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1.3. SCOPE OF WORK AND LIMITATIONS

SCOPE OF WORK

The segments of the whole hexagonal area can be developed as a


monolithic unit in terms of visual connectivity.
The centre of hexagon can be the main axis of the development so that can
welcome the entrance.
As the site is located in heart of the country, this development can be
promoted as an international landmark.
As the road network is fixed so the museum can be designed considering
it's visibility from the raj path and other axis roads.

LIMITATIONS

The height of the built form in the hexagonal part is restricted to 1.5m.
The outer road network is out of the scope of design.

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2.0 SITE STUDY 01

2.1. SELECTION

SITE FOR
MUSEUM

TENTATIVE SITE PLAN

LOCATION MAP

Proposed Museum site is located at the junction of Copernicus Marg & Tilak Marg.

SITE AREA : 9.5 acres appx. For the Museum.

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2.1. SELECTION

HYDERABAD HOUSE

BARODA HOUSE

SITE FOR MUSEUM

BASE MAP

FIGURE GROUND RELATION

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2.1. SELECTION
HYDERABAD HOUSE BARODA HOUSE

SAGAR APARTMENT

SITE FOR
MUSEUM

Site for
museum

PATIALA HOUSE COURT

CHATRI

INDIA GATE
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2.2. SITE LEVEL STUDY

VEGETATION

SITE FOR MUSEUM

FLORA AND FAUNA

Mango Arjun Pipal Guava

Rubber Ashoka Palm Jamun Amaltas


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2.2. SITE LEVEL STUDY


CLIMATE ANALYSIS
VEGETATION

The climate of Delhi is a monsoon


influenced humid subtropical.
AVERAGE HIGH/LOW TEMPERATURE
Summer: Early April - Late June
(average temperatures near 32 C)
although occasional heat waves can
result in highs close to 45 C.
Heat waves from West (Thar Desert)

Monsoon: Late June - Mid September,


(average 797.3 mm)

Winter: November - January (average AVERAGE RAINFALL


temperatures around 1213 C). Cold
waves from Himalayas are common.

SUNSHINE HOURS GRAPH

PREVALENT WIND DIRECTION

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2.2. SITE LEVEL STUDY


CLIMATE ANALYSIS
VEGETATION

Window overhangs (designed for this latitude) or


operable sunshades (extend in summer, retract in
winter) can reduce or eliminate air conditioning.

Minimize or eliminate west facing glazing to reduce


summer and fall afternoon heat gain In this climate air
conditioning will always be required, but can be greatly
reduced if building design minimizes overheating

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2.2. SITE LEVEL STUDY


CLIMATE ANALYSIS
VEGETATION

Orient most of the glass to the north,


shaded by vertical fins, in very hot climates,
if there are essentially no passive solar
Needs

Good natural ventilation can reduce or


eliminate air conditioning in warm weather,
if windows are well shaded and oriented to
prevailing breezes

Locate door and window openings on


opposite sides of building to facilitate cross
ventilation, with larger areas facing up-wind
if possible

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2.2. SITE LEVEL STUDY


MUNICIPAL BYLAWS
VEGETATION
The site falls under tehe Lutyens Bungalow Zone in Delhi which is a heritage zone.

It belongs to the CPWD and falls under New Delhi Municipal Council.

But since NDMC does not have its own set of bylaws, the DDA bylaws are to be
followed.

FROM THE MASTER PLAN FOR DELHI 2021,

4.2.2 RESTRUCTURING AND UPGRADATION OF THE EXISTING AREAS

In Delhi, a large number of areas are old and are characterized by poor structural
condition of buildings,sub-optimal utilization of land,congestion,poor urban
forminadequate infrastructure services,lack of community facilities,etc. The stock in both
planned and unplanned areas can be enhanced through various approaches as given
below.

C. Bungalow Area

Lutyens Bungalow Zone comprises of large size plots and has a very pleasant green
environment. The essential character of wide avenues,large plots,extensive landscape
and low rise development,has a heritage value which has to be conserved. Mixed use,high
intensity development along MRTS corridor and de-dencification of trees/reduction of
green cover is not permitted at all.The strategy for development in this zone will be as
per the approved plans and the LBZ guidelines,as may be issued by Government of India
from time to time.
Civil Lines has also has Bungalow Area of which the basic character has to be maintained

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2.2. SITE LEVEL STUDY


MUNICIPAL BYLAWS
VEGETATION

7.5 NO INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITY ZONE

In order to maintain the citys ambiens and pollution free environment in


important and historic areas of Delhi, following locations are categorized as No
Industrial Activity Zone where no industrial activity including household industry,
shall be permitted: (a) Lutyens Bungalow Zones

FAR Allowed: 1.25 to 1.75

Height Restriction: one tree height or 8 Metres

The greenery is to be maintained as much as possible to retain the


character of LBZ.

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2.2. SITE LEVEL STUDY

ACCESS
Description
Access can be possible into the museum site from
Copernicus Marg & Tilak Marg.
For memorial site, direct access through Raj Path &
India Gate.
Analysis
External road network is fixed.
Traffic movement is very dense.
Conclusion
To provide an accessible road network inside the site
to connect external.

SPACE
Description
Temporary Residential area & garage- Princess
park.
Unorganized Commercial centers around the site.
Administrative space with heritage value- India
Gate.
Recreational open space- Proposed memorial site. BUILT FORM
Analysis
Lack of designed public spaces for recreational and
commercial purpose.
Conclusion
To provide designed public spaces. OPEN SPACE

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2.2. SITE LEVEL STUDY


FORM
Description
Buildings are almost symmetrical in form, 1-3 storied.
HYDERABAD HOUSE
Surrounding buildings have its own flavor.
Most of the buildings have compact design.
Analysis
Type of Form- Geometric
Administrative buildings have central circulation.
BARODA HOUSE
Conclusion
To maintain the functionality of circulation in built
forms.

ACTIVITY
Description PATIALA HOUSE COURT
Type of activity- Administrative
- Education
- Tourism
Activity zones- India Gate, Raj Path.

Analysis CHATRI BIKANER HOUSE


Magnets- India Gate, Raj Path, Presidents House.
Generators- people from all over India as well as
other countries.

Conclusion
To develop the area of India Gate to enhance its
activities in terms of administrative, education and
INDIA GATE
tourism.
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2.2. SITE LEVEL STUDY

VISIBILITY
Description
Viewpoint- India Gate-As the historical memorial of
India.
- Raj Path- View of the India gate as an axis.
Analysis
More viewpoints are needed in several areas for
proper visibility

Conclusion
To provide maximum possible viewpoints to experience
the scenic and heritage beauty of India Gate and recall
the martyr soldiers.

ARCHITECTURAL STYLE/FEATURES
Description
Most of the buildings surrounding the site have its own
architectural style.
Elevation of those buildings are very much similar to
the site context.
Analysis
Elevational features are mostly colonial and vernacular
in type.

Conclusion
To create such as iconic architectural style to enhance
the site context.

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3.0 PRIMARY CASE STUDY 01

3.1. CASE STUDY 1: VIRASAT-E-KHALSA, PUNJAB


Virasat-e-Khalsa is a museum of Sikhism, located in the holy town, Anandpur Sahib,
near Chandigarh, the capital of the state of Punjab.

FACILITIES :
Amphitheatre
Exhibition hall
Auditorium
Cafeteria
Museums
Gallaries
CONTEXTUAL FORM WITH SITE

DESIGN CONCEPT :

Segregation of services to the basement only

Form of the plan reflects the five virtue of sikhism

Simple & straight alley/passages provides ease of circulation

Journey not as pilgrimage, but as voyage of discovery


SECTIONAL ELEVATIONS
Texture of the material is contextual & similar with local fabric

Form of the building is quite relevant with the surroundings foothill of himalaya

Form & structure of the buildings allows large amount of natural light inside

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3.1. CASE STUDY 1: VIRASAT-E-KHALSA, PUNJAB


SITE PLANNING FEATURES :

The site plan is in a radial pattern


where the built spaces are arranged
around the periphery of a water pool.

All major activites have been greatly


separated from each other by means
of a connecting bridge.

The major activity complexex are


diivided into complex A,B and C.
FOOTHILL OF SHIVALIK RANGE OF HIMALAYA
Complex A- refrence
library,auditorium(cap. 400),
temporary exhibit library
Complex B- cafeteria, public toilets,
store.
Comlpex C- museum, permanent
exhibits, administration

MOVEMENT PATTERN OF VISITORS WITHIN THE MUSEUM

MAIN ENTRY LIBRARY AUDITORIUM BRIDGE CAFETERIA MUSEUM WATER POOLS

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3.1. CASE STUDY 1: VIRASAT-E-KHALSA, PUNJAB

GALLERY

PLAZA

FOOT BRIDGE

GURDWARA

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3.2. CASE STUDY 2: REDFORT & INDIAN WAR MEMORIAL


The Indian War Memorial Museum is located in
the Naubat Khana of the Red Fort in Delhi,
northern India.
LOCATION AND FACILITIES :

The museum is located on the first and second floor of the drum house. It contains
several galleries pertaining to the military history of India during the first and second
world war.

Items that are on display is a diorama of the Battle of Panipat (1526), in which Babur
defeated the forces of Ibrahim Lodi and established the Mughal Empire.

Further objects on display are traditional weapons such as daggers and gupti, as well
as arms and helmets. The advent of the industrialisation brought in new weapons such
as machine guns and grenades.

1ST FLOOR PLAN OF MUSEUM SECTION


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3.2. CASE STUDY 2: REDFORT & INDIAN WAR MEMORIAL

Low height of partition & clearstoried window allows large


amount of natural light inside
Narrow & zig zag alley/passages creats difficulty of
circulation
Narrow entry / exit point enhace possibility of accident
Over crowded due to narrow passage / space
Different time phase is exhibited at different room/zone
Segregation of services to the ground floor only

Total area : 255 acres INTERIOR OF THE MUSEUM

By Ustad Ahmed during mughal emperor Shah Jahan

Indian War Memorial & Swatantrata Sangram Museum

Open Air Theatre for light & sound show about histoty of
India

INTERIOR OF THE MUSEUM

Tourist destination for a day round span with


multiple activities

A mono scale walled city enriched with mughal


architecture

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3.3. CASE STUDY 3: AIRFORCE MUSEUM,NEW DELHI

The Indian Air Force Museum, Palam, is the museum of the Indian Air Force, and is located
at the Palam Air Force Station in Delhi, India.

The museum was the only one of its kind in India until the unveiling of the Naval Aviation
Museum in Goa in 1998.

ACCESSIBILITY:
The museum is situated next to technical area gate of air force station Palam, half an
hours drive from IGI airport, Delhi which is connected to all major cites in India and
world by air.
45 mins. drive by taxi/auto from New Delhi railway station or inter state bus terminus
connected to all major cities in India.

SITE PLAN OF AIR FORCE MUSEUM, NEW DELHI BASE MAP OF AIR FORCE MUSEUM, NEW DELHI
The air force museum has an annexe and a hanger.
The annexe is divided into three sections. The 1st section contains a photographic history
of air force from the early days.
The 2 nd section, contains photographs of decorated Indian officers of the 2nd world war.
The last section contains information of the important facts of modern aviation history.
The hanger houses 15 different types of military aircraft that have formed the backbone of
air force since its inception.

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3.3. CASE STUDY 3: AIRFORCE MUSEUM,NEW DELHI

The circulation is not well defined and it is confusing.


Proper signage is not defined.
Taking the visitors through in a chronological order.
The fighter jets and aircrafts are displayed in the hanger in an outdoor
area.
Indoor hanger for aircrafts of dimensions 12m. /15m. /18 m.
Outdoor gallery area for aircrafts of dimension 20m. /28m. /30 m.

The hanger does not have adequate lighting. A lighting system should provide.

The circulation appears monotonous and could have been worked out differently.

There are no separated work shed for maintenance of the fighter gets.

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4.0 SECONDARY CASE STUDY 01

4.1. CASE STUDY 1: IMPERIAL WAR MUSEUM, LONDON

Imperial War Museums (IWM) is a British national museum organisation with


branches at five locations in England, three of which are in London.
Founded as the Imperial War Museum in 1917, the museum was intended to record the
civil and military war effort and sacrifice of Britain and its Empire during the First
World War.
The museum's remit has since expanded to include all conflicts in which British or
Commonwealth forces have been involved since 1914.
As of 2012, the museum aims "to provide for, and to encourage, the study and
understanding of the history of modern war and 'wartime experience.

The museum is a part of the redevelopment project of the Bethlehem hospital, which
has been turned into a military museum.
The objectives were mainly to improve access and circulation through the museum,
open the interiors to daylight and views, and create new connections with the
surrounding park.
The approach is scooped out to create a single accessible entrance for all below the
existing portico stairs.

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4.0 SECONDARY CASE STUDY 01

4.1. CASE STUDY 1: IMPERIAL WAR MUSEUM, LONDON

SERVICES

PUBLIC PLAZA ATRIUM GALLERIES

SERVICES

GOUND FLOOR PLAN

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4.0 SECONDARY CASE STUDY 01

4.1. CASE STUDY 1: IMPERIAL WAR MUSEUM, LONDON

A new opening in the floor of the central


hall visually connects the different levels
and draw daylight into the spaces below.

A new gallery floor suspended acts as a


shading screen to protect the exhibits
below from solar gain.
FIRST FLOOR PLAN
The circulation around the atrium and the
visual connection with the exhibits is
interesting.

Daylight is introduced into the exhibition


space.

The museum has provisions for temporary


gallery spaces and exhibits areas. SECOND FLOOR PLAN

THIRD FLOOR PLAN FOURTH FLOOR PLAN

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4.0 SECONDARY CASE STUDY 01

4.1. CASE STUDY 1: IMPERIAL WAR MUSEUM, LONDON

CENTRAL ATRUM W ITH THE FIGHTER TO BRING THE SKILIGHT


JETS SUSPENDED FROM CEILING
GALLERY SPACES OVERLOOKING
THE CENTRAL ATRIUM
SERVICES FOR
EVERY FLOOR
CAFE
OPENING OUT TO THE
ADJOINING PARK

SECTION 1

CENTRAL ATRUM WITH VAULTED ROOF WITH


EXISTING HOSPITAL TRANSLUCENT GALLERY SPACES
STRUCTURE THE FIGHTER JETS UTILITIES
SUSPENDED FROM MATERIAL OVERLOOKING THE
CEILING TO BRING IN THE CENTRAL ATRIUM
LIGHT
ENTRY PORTICO

SECTION 2
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Manoj Saha| Roll: 001210201003| UG-V, 2nd Sem. | JU, DoA
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4.0 SECONDARY CASE STUDY 01

4.2. CASE STUDY 2: JEWISH MUSEUM, BERLIN

The Jewish Museum Berlin is one of the


largest Jewish Museums in Europe.

In three buildings, two of which are new


additions specifically built for the museum
by architect Daniel Libeskind, two millennia
of German-Jewish history are on display in
the permanent exhibition as well as in
various changing exhibitions.

The museum was opened in 2001 and is one


of Berlins most frequented museums.

In 1987, the berlin government organised an


anonymous competition for an expansion to the
original Jewish museum in berlin that opened
in 1933.

Conceptually, Libeskind wanted to express


feelings of absence, emptiness, and invisibility-
expressions of disappearance of the Jewish
culture.

Tne visitors should be able to relate to the


horrers of their ancestors and also relate to
how they overcame the hard times.

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Manoj Saha| Roll: 001210201003| UG-V, 2nd Sem. | JU, DoA
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4.0 SECONDARY CASE STUDY 01

4.2. CASE STUDY 2: JEWISH MUSEUM, BERLIN


ENTRANCE
There is no formal entrance, one must
enter through the old Baroque museum
through an underground corridor.

A visitor must endure the anxiety of


hiding and losing the sense of direction
before coming to a cross roads of three
routes to witness the Jewish experience
during the Holocaust.

VOIDS OF MEMORY
The accessible void, called the Void of
Memory is strewn with wrought iron sad
faces on the floor.

The visitor, due to the darkess,


unknowingly steps on them which
creates a shrieking sound, forcing one to
GROUND FLOOR PLAN contemplate ove the cries of the Jews
who were massacred by HItlers regime.

UNDERGROUND FLOOR PLAN SECTION

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Manoj Saha| Roll: 001210201003| UG-V, 2nd Sem. | JU, DoA
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4.0 SECONDARY CASE STUDY 01

4.2. CASE STUDY 2: JEWISH MUSEUM, BERLIN

VOIDS OF MEMORY
The accessible void, called the Void
of Memory is strewn with wrought
iron sad faces on the floor.

The visitor, due to the darkess,


unknowingly steps on them which
creates a shrieking sound, forcing
one to contemplate ove the cries of
the Jews who were massacred by
HItlers regime.
INTERIORS

HORRORS AND HOPE


The interiors have galleries, empty spaces and dead
ends.

Void of windows, reinforced concrete which reinforces


the moments of the empty spaces and dead ends where
only a sliver of light is entering the space.

It is a symbolic gesture by Libeskind for visitors to


experience what the Jewish people during WWII felt, such
that even in the darkest moments where you feel like you
will never escape, a small trace of light restores hope.

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Manoj Saha| Roll: 001210201003| UG-V, 2nd Sem. | JU, DoA
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4.0 SECONDARY CASE STUDY 01

4.3. CASE STUDY 3: CANADIAN WAR MUSEUM


This is the design concept for the new Canadian War Museum in Ottawa. The building
(more of an expressive landscape) emerges gently from the bank of the Ottawa River,
saluting the City and Parliament. Draped mostly with a blanket of grass on its rooftop, the
museum opened on May 8th of 2005.

Due to its expressive power, concrete was chosen to be the predominant building
material for the Canadian War Museum. Concrete was used as both the structure and
the finish for the building, making use of its unique dramatic qualities and practical
characteristics.

The building is structured with tilting planes that intersect with one another; some at
dramatic angles and some that are barely visible. Raw concrete walls emerge sharply
from sloped floors at 3 to 31 angle.

VIDEO PROJECTION IN THE LOBBY, PHOTOGRAPHS ON


SLOPING CONCRETE WALL

The memorial for the unknown soldiers is a


concrete cube, floating over a pool of water.

Lighting and the apparent lightness of the concrete


evokes asense of awe and reverence in the visitor

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Manoj Saha| Roll: 001210201003| UG-V, 2nd Sem. | JU, DoA
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4.0 SECONDARY CASE STUDY 01

4.3. CASE STUDY 3: CANADIAN WAR MUSEUM


The concept of Regeneration embodies the sequences of devastation, survival, rebirth,
adaptation and life. In times of war, nature comprising the land and the human spirit
nurtured thereon is ravaged and seemingly destroyed. Miraculously and somehow
inevitably, however, nature survives and regenerates as the power of life prevails. It is
this process of regeneration and healing that nourishes and rekindles human hope, faith
and courage.

Research Block
Staff, Semi-Public

War Museum
Galleries,
Public

War Memorial and other interactive


amenities,Public
ZONING OF THE FUNCTIONAL SPACES
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4.0 SECONDARY CASE STUDY 01

4.3. CASE STUDY 3: CANADIAN WAR MUSEUM

Circulation takes one


through the 4 halls,
artifacts are arranged
chronologically, depicting
the history

CIRCULATION PATTERN THROUGH THE GALLERIES

The Memorial Pattern used in the Hall of


Remembrance was to be smooth, clean and organized:
a contrast to the other two patterns.

In the Hall of Remembrance, the chaos, tension and


INTERGRATION OF THE MEMORIAL anguish of war are to be left outside; while the inside
SPACES WITH THE MUSEUM triumphed with tranquility,calm and reflection.

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Manoj Saha| Roll: 001210201003| UG-V, 2nd Sem. | JU, DoA
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5.0 CONCLUSION 01

To provide proper access to the site from external linkages.

To provide designed public spaces enhancing public participation.

To maintain the functionality of circulation in built forms.

To develop the India Gate area strategically to enhance its activities in terms of
education, tourism and public participation.

To provide maximum possible viewpoints to experience the scenic and heritage


beauty of the area.

To redefine the existing architectural style of the area and its surroundings to
enhance the site context in terms of space, form and aesthetics.

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Manoj Saha| Roll: 001210201003| UG-V, 2nd Sem. | JU, DoA
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6.0 DESIGN GUIDELINES 01

To design functional vehicular & pedestrian pathways.

To provide properly designed plaza & activity areas.

To design an architecturally justified composition in the hexagonal area, clearly


representing the theme of the project, respecting the constraints.

To provide multi-level gathering spaces/viewpoints.

To combine colonial & modern architectural style of the area, creating an


aesthetically sound built form.

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Manoj Saha| Roll: 001210201003| UG-V, 2nd Sem. | JU, DoA
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7.0 ANTHROPOMETRIC STUDIES 01

MUSEUM - DISPLAYS AND LIGHTING LIBRARY

LIGHTING OPTIONS

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7.0 ANTHROPOMETRIC STUDIES 01

VISUAL FIELD AND LIGHTING

DISPLAY CASES

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8.0 DESIGN CONCEPT 01

ZONING PLAN

RECHERCH
BLOCK

MUSEUM BLOCK

RECREATIONAL
AREA
AUDITORIUM
EXIT

ENTRY

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Manoj Saha| Roll: 001210201003| UG-V, 2nd Sem. | JU, DoA
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8.0 DESIGN CONCEPT 01

THREE BLOCKS REPRESENTING THREE


FORCES OF INDIA
ARMY,NAVY,AIR

FOCAL POINT (O.A.T.)


OBTAINED FROM THE SITE
GEOMETRY

LOCATION OF INDIA GATE

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Manoj Saha| Roll: 001210201003| UG-V, 2nd Sem. | JU, DoA
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8.0 DESIGN CONCEPT 01

VIEW OF GAZEBO

PERSPECTIVE VIEW

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8.0 DESIGN CONCEPT 01

PARKING

RESEARCH BLOCK

CONNECTING BRIDGE
MUSEUM BLOCK

RECREATIONAL
BLOCK

OPERN AIR THEATRE

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Manoj Saha| Roll: 001210201003| UG-V, 2nd Sem. | JU, DoA
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8.0 DESIGN CONCEPT 01

The building is developed through Five Steps which represents

Indo-Pakistan War, 1947-48


Indo-China War ,1962
Indo-Pakistan War, 1965
Bangladesh Liberation War, 1971
Kargil War, 1999

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Manoj Saha| Roll: 001210201003| UG-V, 2nd Sem. | JU, DoA