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TYPE OF WRITING STRUCTURE BASIC DOS BASIC DON'TS

PARAGRAPH 1 Introduce each paragraph with a Dont use colloquial expressions.


Introduce the topic and give topic sentence, outlining the Dont use short forms.
your opinion. Say whether you main ideas. Dont use emotive vocabulary.
agree or disagree with the Do not write about advantages Dont give personal examples.
statement. or disadvantages or points for or
PARAGRAPH 2 against.
Give a reason to support your Write in formal style.
OPINION ESSAY/ARTICLE opinion. The last paragraph should leave
PARAGRAPH 3 the reader with something to
Give a second reason to think about and relate back to
support your opinion. the introduction.
PARAGRAPH 4
Summarize your ideas and
repeat your opinion using
different words.

PARAGRAPH 1 Remember to use a variety of dont use informal style ( no


Introduce the topic. The structures and vocabulary contractions, colloquial words,
opening should engage the adequate to your level. or emotional language).
readers interest and give a Use connectors of contrast and Avoid unjustified generalisations
hint of what is to follow. purpose. by using may and might.
PARAGRAPH 2 Clearly indicate where your Avoid bringing disadvantages
state your arguments for paragraphs start and where they that are merely the opposite of
FOR AND AGAINST ESSAY/ARTICLE
PARAGRAPH 3 end. the advantage.
state your arguments against.
PARAGRAPH 4
refer back to the topic and
summarize. Here you can say
why you find one side more
convincing than the other.
TYPE OF WRITING STRUCTURE BASIC DOS BASIC DON'TS

OPENING PARAGRAPH Keep it clear, concise and to the dont use informal style ( no
State why you are writing. point. contractions, colloquial words,
Establish a point of contact or emotional language).
(advertisement in a specific place for a
specific position; a particular person's
suggestion that you write): give some
brief idea of who you are (a Senior
engineering student at UW; a recent
Ph.D. in History).

PARAGRAPHS 2, 3
Highlight a few of the most salient
points from your enclosed CV.
Arouse your reader's curiosity by
COVERING LETTER mentioning points that are likely to be
important for the position you are
seeking.
Show how your education and
experience suit the requirements of the
position, and explain what you could
contribute to the organization.

CLOSING PARAGRAPH
Politely request an interview at the
employer's convenience.
Thank the reader for his/her
consideration and indicate that you are
looking forward to hearing from
him/her.
TYPE OF WRITING STRUCTURE BASIC DOS BASIC DON'TS

follow the standard composition don't be rude, angry, sarcastic in


Salutation
format for a formal letter tone, and don't threaten
Introduction why am I writing?
describe your problem and the leave out any background
Explaining the problem
COMPLAINT LETTER outcome you want information that isnt absolutely
Expressing dissatisfaction
be organized. essential to your complaint
Saying what you want
ask for a response within a
Closing the letter
reasonable time

Introduction the information should be reports are the most impersonal


This report is intended for... organised and presented as kind of writing and it is usually
The objective/aim of this report is to... clearly and logically as possible best to avoid expressing
Headings use the impersonal It personal opinions or feelings
Reports should have a clear factual construction and a passive, e.g. avoid introducing sentences
REPORT heading and may also have subheadings It seems that It was found that with I think... because a report
which divide the writing into shorter needs to be objective. We can
sections. use passive voice use sentences such as according
Making recommendations to, it is based on
Therefore, I would recommend that..
It would be advisable

Make sure you answer all the Avoid repeating the same
Your readers will be a judge or panel of points required in the task. vocabulary.
judges. Look for other ways to express
You are expected to provide a response ideas.
to a question. Sound enthusiastic.
COMPETITION ENTRY Your entry needs to catch the readers Be descriptive.
attention. Use a good range of appropriate
vocabulary and some informal
expressions or phrasal verbs.
Use language of persuasion.
Include a strong final paragraph.