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Relative Clauses

Defining Relative Clauses It gives detailed


information defining a general term. These
clauses are not put in commas.
When can we use it? For example: My

When do you use them? brother who lives in France came to see me
It is essential information because we can
infer that you have more than one brother.
Relative Clauses are used to give With the help of relative
additional information about clauses, your text
Non-Defining Relative Clauses Give additional
something without adding another become more fluent, and
information about something, but it is not essential. These
sentence. helps avoid repeating
Clauses are put in Commas.
words.
When can we use it? For example: My brother, who lives
in France, came to see me. With the same example you can

What are Relative Pronouns? say that this is not essential information, but something
additional because we can infer that I have only one brother.

Who Whom Which That Whose


Object pronoun for Subject or object Subject or object
Subject or object Possession for
people. (When you pronoun for pronoun of people,
pronoun for people, animals
replace him/her) animals and animals and things
people. (like : she, & things.
things
he)
Ex. I didnt like the movie That boy, whose
Ex. Mr. Bean whom I met at Ex. The phone which
that we saw yesterday mom is a nurse, is really
Ex. My sister who lives in the Supermarket... we bought is new.
cute.
France came to see me.

Wrong Correct Why?


The man who was sitting next to me he The man who was sitting next to me had After a relative clause we do not repeat
had a Brown jacket a Brown jacket the subject.

He lent me the book, which I found it He lent me the book, which I found very A relative clause can have only one direct
Common very useful. useful. object.

Mistakes The winner, that was 25, will receive The winner, who was 25, will receive That cannot be used in non-defining
$1000. $1000. (extra information) clause.