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You are on page 1of 7

=

We have the option of taking the above formula and solving for to get a

formula for _______________________.

radians, so if is in degrees, be sure to multiply

by to convert the angle measure into

radians.

Example 1: Finding Arc Length When the Angle Has Radian Measure

measure . Find the arc length.

Example 2: Finding Arc Length When the Angle Has Degree Measure

In a circle with radius 7.5 cm, an arc is intercepted by a central angle with

measure 76. Find the arc length. Approximate the arc length to the nearest

centimeter.

Example 3: The International Space Station is in an approximate circular

orbit 400 km above the surface of the Earth. If the ground station tracks the

space station when it is within a 60 central angle of this circular orbit

about the center of the Earth above the tracking antenna, how many km

does the ISS cover while it is being tracked by the ground station? Assume

that the radius of the Earth is 6400 km. Round to the nearest kilometer.

Example 4: Consider two gears working together such that the smaller gear

has a radius of 10 cm, while the larger gear has a radius measuring 25 cm.

Through how many degrees does the small gear rotate when the large gear

makes one complete rotation?

Area of a Circular Sector

What formula could we use if we wanted to find the area of the sector

created by ?

sector to the area of the entire circle

EQUAL TO

rotation.

Example 5: Finding the Area of a Circular Sector When the Angle Has

Radian Measure

Find the area of the sector with diameter 16 feet and central angle .

=15km

Section 3.3: Linear and Angular Speeds

Linear Speed

Heads up: Velocity and speed are usually used as synonyms in everyday

language, but they are two slightly different ideas:

Velocity The speed in which you are traveling and the direction you

are traveling.

constant speed, then the linear speed is given by

=

Where is the arc length and is the time.

equal to 2 miles. If the car records a time of 15 minutes for 9 laps, what is

the linear speed of the car in miles per hour?

Example 1.5: Linear Speed

equal to 1.5 miles. How many laps would the car need to complete in 20

minutes in order to average a linear speed of 75 miles per hour?

Angular Speed

then the central angle that is formed with the terminal side passing

through point also changes over some time at a constant speed. The

angular speed is given by

= where is given in radians.

with constant speed. If the beacon of light completes three rotations every

12 seconds, find its angular speed in radians per minute.

The Relationship Between Linear and Angular Speeds

So how are linear and angular speeds related? First, lets write down the

definition of radians:

= where = arc length and = radius.

with radius , then the linear speed and the angular speed are related

by

Example 3: (#34) Find the linear speed of a point traveling along the

circumference of a circle with = 8cm and angular speed = .

! "#

Example 4: (#47) Find the distance a point travels along a circle , over =

&

50.5 minutes, given that the angular speed is = and that the radius

' "#

of the circle is = 6.5 cm.

Example 5: (#62) How fast is a bicyclist traveling in miles per hour if his

tires are 22 inches in diameter and his angular speed is 5( radians per

second?

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