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Assignment#05 DryingShrinkageand

NadarajahVasanthapragash Creep
ID:118591

ReversibilityofDrying Definition
ReversibilityofCreep
Shrinkage
CreepStrainduetolossofphysically
absorbedwaterfromCSHofHydratedcement
pasteunderagivenlevelofsustainedstress

DryingShrinkage(DS)Strainduetolossof
physicallyabsorbedwaterfromCSHof
saturatedcementpasteunderambient
humiditybelowsaturation

EquationstoEstimate
strains

ReversibleshrinkagePartof ForCreep ForDryingShrinkage


ReversiblecreepPartofTotal
Totalshrinkagethatis Cc/Cp=(1g)a Sc/Sp=(1g)n
reproducibleonwetandDry creepthatisreproducibleon
CcCreepofConcrete ScShrinkageofConcrete
Cycles loadingandunloadingcycles
CpCreepofcementpaste SpShrinkageofcementpaste
gVolumefractionof gVolumefractionofaggregate
IrreversibleshrinkagePartof aggregate n(1.21.7)Dependsonelastic
Totalshrinkageonfirstdryingthat IrreversiblecreepPartofTotal
Forlimitationssee modulusofconcrete
cannotbereproducedon creepthatcannotbereproduced
referencebook Forlimitationsseereferencebook
subsequentwetdrycycles onloadingandunloadingcycles

Creeprecoverygradualdecrease
instrainfollowedbyinstantaneous
orelasticrecovery
Assignment#05
Aggregatecontentof Grading,Maximumsize,
Aggregate NadarajahVasanthapragash
concrete shapeandtexture
ID:118591

Modulusofelasticity

Fineness& Affectcreepof
Strengthatthetime
compositionof Influence concrete
ofapplicationofload
Portlandcement

NegligibleeffectonDrying
ShrinkageofConcrete
FactorsAffectingdryingShrinkage&Creep

Cement&Water Foragivencement Adecreaseinstrength Anincreasein


content contentwith &Modulus Creep
increasingw/cratio

Anincreasein Anincreasein
Foragivenw/cratio, permeabilityofthe dryingShrinkage
withincreasing system
cementcontent
Anincreaseincement Anincreasein Areductionin
pastevolume dryingShrinkage creep

Anincreaseinthevolume Anincreaseinthe
Admixtures offineporesinthecement dryingshrinkage&
hydrationproduct creep

DryingShrinkageandcreep
Relative increaseswiththe
Humidity decreaseofRH

Geometryofthe DryingShrinkageandcreep Theoreticalthickness=Area


concrete increaseswiththedecreaseof ofsection/semiperimeterin
element Theoreticalthickness contactwiththeatmosphere

Effectdiminishes
withthetime
Time
dependancy

AdditionalfactorsthataffectCreep

Magnitudeofsustained Temperatureof
stress Exposure

HighTthannormalTduring
HighCuringT thetimeunderload

Creepreducesas Creepincreases
strengthincreases
Assignment#05
NadarajahVasanthapragash
Thedegreebywhich Definition ID:118591
temperaturedropsor Shrinkagestrainassociatedwith
rises heatingandcooling
1.UseChilledmaterials(e.g.water,
aggregatesetc.}
2.Selectaggregateswithlow
thermalexpansion
Howto
Dependson ThermalShrinkage 3.Uselowheatcement
Control
4.Usecoolingpipeswhenplacing
Massconcrete
5.ControlTemp.gradientby
Coefficientofthermal Factorsaffectingthermal coveringwithinsulators
expansionofofmaterial Shrinkage

Variesdirectlywiththe 1.CementcontentandType ProbleminMassive


coefficientofthermal 2.Pozzalancontentsincement structures
expansionofaggregates 3.ThermalexpansionofAggregates E.g.PileCaps,Deep
4.PlacingTemperature beamsDamsetc.
5.VolumetoSurfaceratioofconcrete

ElasticBehavior&ModulusofElasticity

FlexuralModulusofelasticity
StaticModulusofelasticity
1.Determinedfromdeflection
1.TangentModulus
testonaloadedbeam
2.SecantModulus(slopeorigin TypesofElasticModuli
E=PL3/48Iy;ydeflection
&40%stress)
2.Usedindesignandanalysisof
3.Chordmodulus
pavements

DynamicModulusofelasticity
1.initialTangentModulus
2.Correspondstoverysmall
instantaneousstrain
3.Usedinearthquakeorimpact
loadAnalysis

Factorsaffectingmodulusofelasticity

Wetcondition
testingshows
higherE

VolumeFraction EofAggregate Porosity&composition Moisturestateof


Eofcement
(Eincreaseswith (denseAggt. (microcracks,CaOH2 theSpecimen&
pastematrix
VF) HavehighE) crystals)ofinterfacial loadingconditions
transitionzone

Quickloadinggives
higherE
Porosity Porosity Timerangenormally
requiredis25
mins.

Interfacial Cementpaste Testing


Aggregate
transitionzone matrix Parameters