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12/21/2015 ElectricalPowerTransformer|DefinitionandTypesofTransformer|Electrical4u

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ElectricalPowerTransformer|Definition
andTypesofTransformer
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http://www.electrical4u.com/electricalpowertransformerdefinitionandtypesoftransformer/ 1/8
12/21/2015 ElectricalPowerTransformer|DefinitionandTypesofTransformer|Electrical4u

Thispageisallabout
DefinitionofTransformer
History
UseofPowerTransformer
TypesofTransformer

DefinitionofTransformer
Atransformerisastaticmachineusedfortransformingpowerfromone
circuittoanotherwithoutchangingfrequency.Thisisaverybasic
definitionoftransformer.

HistoryofTransformer
Thehistoryoftransformerwascommencedintheyear1880.Inthe
year1950,400KVelectricalpowertransformerwasintroducedinhigh
voltageelectricalpowersystem.Intheearly1970s,unitratingaslargeas
1100MVAwasproducedand800KVandevenhigherKVclass
transformersweremanufacturedinyearof1980.

UseofPowerTransformer
Generationofelectricalpowerinlowvoltagelevelisverymuchcost
effective.Henceelectricalpowerisgeneratedinlowvoltagelevel.
Theoretically,thislowvoltagelevelpowercanbetransmittedtothe
receivingend.Butifthevoltagelevelofapowerisincreased,thecurrent
ofthepowerisreducedwhichcausesreductioninohmicorI2Rlossesin
thesystem,reductionincrosssectionalareaoftheconductori.e.
reductionincapitalcostofthesystemanditalsoimprovesthevoltage
regulationofthesystem.Becauseofthese,lowlevelpowermustbe
steppedupforefficientelectricalpowertransmission.Thisisdonebystep
uptransformeratthesendingsideofthepowersystemnetwork.Asthis
highvoltagepowermaynotbedistributedtotheconsumersdirectly,this
mustbesteppeddowntothedesiredlevelatthereceivingendwiththe
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12/21/2015 ElectricalPowerTransformer|DefinitionandTypesofTransformer|Electrical4u

helpofstepdowntransformer.Thesearetheusesofelectricalpower
transformerintheelectricalpowersystem.

Twowindingtransformersaregenerallyusedwhereratiobetweenhigh
voltageandlowvoltageisgreaterthan2.Itiscosteffectivetouseauto
transformerwheretheratiobetweenhighvoltageandlowvoltageisless
than2.Againthreephasesingleunittransformerismorecosteffective
thanabankofthreesinglephasetransformerunitinathreephase
system.Butstillitispreferabletousethanthelaterwherepowerdealing
isverylargesincesuchlargesizeofthreephasesingleunitpower
transformermaynotbeeasilytransportedfrommanufacturer'splaceto
worksite.

TypesofTransformer
Transformerscanbecategorizedindifferentways,dependingupontheir
purpose,use,constructionetc.Thetypesoftransformerareasfollows,

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12/21/2015 ElectricalPowerTransformer|DefinitionandTypesofTransformer|Electrical4u

1. StepUpTransformer&StepDownTransformerGenerallyused
forsteppingupanddownthevoltagelevelofpowerintransmission
anddistributionpowernetwork.

2. ThreePhaseTransformer&SinglePhaseTransformerFormer
isgenerallyusedinthreephasepowersystemasitiscosteffective
thanlaterbutwhensizematters,itispreferabletousebankofthree
singlephasetransformerasitiseasiertotransportthreesinglephase
unitseparatelythanonesinglethreephaseunit.

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3. ElectricalPowerTransformer,DistributionTransformer&
InstrumentTransformerTransformerisgenerallyusedin
transmissionnetworkwhichisnormallyknownaspowertransformer,
distributiontransformerisusedindistributionnetworkandthisis
lowerratingtransformerandcurrenttransformer&potential
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12/21/2015 ElectricalPowerTransformer|DefinitionandTypesofTransformer|Electrical4u

transformer,weuseforrelayandprotectionpurposeinelectrical
powersystemandindifferentinstrumentsinindustriesarecalled
instrumenttransformer.

PowerTransformer
Power&DistributionTransformerPower&DistributionTransformer

4. TwoWindingTransformer&AutoTransformerFormeris
generallyusedwhereratiobetweenhighvoltageandlowvoltageis
greaterthan2.Itiscosteffectivetouselaterwheretheratiobetween
highvoltageandlowvoltageislessthan2.

5. OutdoorTransformer&IndoorTransformerTransformersthat
aredesignedforinstallingatoutdoorareoutdoortransformersand
transformersdesignedforinstallingatindoorareindoortransformers.

IntroductionofTransformer

Introduction of transformer

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12/21/2015 ElectricalPowerTransformer|DefinitionandTypesofTransformer|Electrical4u

ObjectiveQuestionsonTransformer(MCQs)

Whatistransformer?DefinitionandWorkingPrincipleofTransformer

IdealTransformer

TheoryofTransformeronloadandnoloadoperation

EMFEquationofTransformer|TurnsVoltageTransformationRatioof
Transformer

MobileSubstation|PortableSubstation|MobileTransformer

WhatisAutoTransformer?
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