Program Pendidikan KPT Bersama Rakyat 2008

Introduction to Aerospace Engineering
Sany Izan Ihsan
Lecturer Mechanical Engineering Department Kulliyyah of Engineering International Islamic University Malaysia February 24, 2008

Presentation Outline
• • • • • Brief Overview What is Aerospace Engineering? Fields in Aerospace Engineering Career prospect Aerospace Engineering at IIUM

Introduction to Aerospace Engineering

Sany I Ihsan

Brief Overview
Past and Future
• Flying has been man’s dream since he has watched birds swoop through the air and navigate the highest reaches with ease..

Introduction to Aerospace Engineering

Sany I Ihsan

Brief Overview (cont...)
First Plane Flight
• The first plane flight, in 1903, by Charles and Orville Wright at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, was the first major step in making that dream a reality

Introduction to Aerospace Engineering

Sany I Ihsan

Brief Overview (cont...)
• This branch of engineering was unheard of until the Wright Brothers made their historic flight in 1903. • After this event, major developments took place in the field of aeronautical engineering, which basically deals with everything related to aircrafts. • During the First World War, many new aircrafts and missiles were developed for military purposes and this gave further boost to its growth. • The study of space was also included in aerospace engineering only in 1958. • The progress is being overseen by many major aerospace corporations like Airbus, Boeing, Honeywell, Embraer, etc.
Introduction to Aerospace Engineering Sany I Ihsan

What is Aerospace Engineering?
• Aerospace comprises the atmosphere of Earth and surrounding space. • Aerospace Engineering is an engineering field involve in the study related to aircraft and spacecraft, including airborne weapons technologies for use in civilian transportation, defense systems and space exploration. • Aerospace engineers design, develop, and test aircraft, spacecraft, and missiles, and supervise the production of these products. • Aerospace engineers working with aircraft are called aeronautical engineers, and those working specifically with spacecraft are called astronautical engineers.
Introduction to Aerospace Engineering Sany I Ihsan

What is Aerospace Engineering? (cont...)
• Aerospace engineers may specialize in:
Type of production - commercial transport, military fighter planes, helicopters, spacecraft, missile or rockets. Area of expertise - aerodynamics, thermodynamics, celestial mechanic systems, propulsion systems, acoustics, structural design, guidance, navigation and control, instrumentation and communication, production methods, etc.

Introduction to Aerospace Engineering

Sany I Ihsan

Fields of Study
1. Aerodynamics
• Aerodynamics is the relationship between air (wind) and the material (solid) that moves in it. • Various principles of Fluid Mechanics are considered in flying problem. • For example, aerodynamic study will determine a suitable shape for an aircraft, missile, etc.

Introduction to Aerospace Engineering

Sany I Ihsan

Fields of Study (cont...)
2. Structure
• This area will determine the integrity (strength) of a flying body such as an aircraft or a missile. • Using dimensions and tolerances, strength of material, shear flow and theory of thin plate, the structure of an aircraft can be determined. • Propulsion is a study of an aircraft power plant. • This study includes design and selection of appropriate power plant for a particular aircraft. • This field has developed vastly since the increase in the cost of petroleum. • Engineers have been competing to invent lighter and more economic power plants.
Sany I Ihsan

3. Flight Propulsion

Introduction to Aerospace Engineering

Fields of Study
4. Avionics
• Avionics is the acronym for ‘Aviation Electronics’. • Flying has been facilitated by the use of various electronic devices. • Electronic devices which facilitate flying such as radars, ILS (Instrument landing System), ADF (Automatic Direction Finder), etc were specifically invented by the Avionic Engineer.

Introduction to Aerospace Engineering

Sany I Ihsan

Fields of Study (cont...)
5. Materials
• This field focuses its study on selecting and determining metals, plastic composites, etc, which are suitable for building an aircraft, rocket, etc.

Introduction to Aerospace Engineering

Sany I Ihsan

Career Prospect
• Local organizations that require graduates in the field of aeronautics includes:
– – – – – – – – Malaysia Airline System Air Asia AIROD Eagle Aircraft SME aviation Malaysia Helicopter Services (MHS) TLDM and PDRM Air Unit TUDM

• Currently 150 aerospace firms in Malaysia in three categories Aero-structures, Engines and Apparatus

Introduction to Aerospace Engineering

Sany I Ihsan

Career Prospect (cont…)
• In the field of academic and research, opportunity is available for aeronautical engineers to serve in any institution that run courses and research in the field of Aeronautics (UIAM, USM, UPM, UTM and UKM). • International opportunities includes:
– All airlines companies – Aircraft manufacturers – Boeing, Airbus, Bombardier and others. – Components manufacturers - Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman, EADS and others.

Introduction to Aerospace Engineering

Sany I Ihsan

Aerospace Engineering at IIUM
LOCATION: – Main Campus: Gombak, Selangor (283 hectares) – Centre for Foundation Studies Campus: Petaling Jaya & Nilai – Kuantan Campus: Bandar Indera Mahkota (404 hectares) – International Institute of Islamic Thought & Civilization (ISTAC) Campus: Kuala Lumpur (8 hectares)

Introduction to Aerospace Engineering

Sany I Ihsan

STUDENTS: • Undergraduate: 15,807 Students (As of June 2007)

(Malaysian: 14,003, Internationals: 1,804)

• Postgraduate: 3,008 Students • International students come from over 90 countries STAFF: • Academic Staff: 1,633 Lecturers • Administrative Staff: 1,489 Staff

(As of Feb 2007)

Medium of instruction: • ENGLISH • ARABIC (for faculty of Laws & Islamic Revealed Knowledge)

No. of faculties: 15 (Some of them include; Laws, Economics &

Management Sciences, Engineering, Architecture, Medicine, Allied Health Sciences, Dentistry and Pharmacy)
Introduction to Aerospace Engineering Sany I Ihsan

Kulliyyah(Faculty) of Engineering

“world class centre of engineering education and research with values and ethics”
• The mission of the Kulliyyah of Engineering is to provide
– quality engineering education, – fundamental and specialized knowledge and practice in engineering – broad base knowledge in management, ethics, and humanities

• To serve the current and emerging needs of the society.

Introduction to Aerospace Engineering

Sany I Ihsan

Department of Mechanical Engineering
• The Department of Mechanical Engineering aims to produce engineers who are academically competent and posses a sound and balanced personality ready to face the challenges of the 21st century. • Engineering Programs Offered:
– Aerospace Engineering – Automotive Engineering.

Introduction to Aerospace Engineering

Sany I Ihsan

Aerospace Engineering at IIUM (cont…)
• Students registered for the programs undergo a common first year courses:
(Calculus, Computer programming, Electrical and Electronics technology, Engineering Drawing, Engineering mechanics, and Workshop technology).

• From the second year onwards students take courses suitable to their program along with courses in Islamic studies and management. • In the final year of their four year program, students opt for three elective courses to suit their area of specialization.

Introduction to Aerospace Engineering

Sany I Ihsan

Aerospace Engineering at IIUM (cont…)
• Students in Aerospace engineering study among other courses, Aerodynamics, Structural Mechanics, Flight Mechanics, Aircraft Structures, Automatic control, Propulsion, Aircraft design, Space Mechanics. • There are a variety of specialized courses in structures, design, automatic flight control systems, composite materials, guidance and control and flight testing

Introduction to Aerospace Engineering

Sany I Ihsan

Aerospace Engineering at IIUM (cont…)
• A key feature of the Departmental strategy regarding its undergraduate courses is to continuously develop the degree program to reflect new trends in the aerospace industry and new requirements set by the relevant professional bodies (Board of Engineers Malaysia). • Degrees are fully accredited by BEM and JPA.

Introduction to Aerospace Engineering

Sany I Ihsan

Entry Requirement (Matriculation)
• General Entrance Requirements
– Passed SPM – Credit in Bahasa Melayu – Credit Pendidikan Islam or – Pendidikan Al-Quran dan Sunnah or – Pendidikan Syariah Islamiah

Introduction to Aerospace Engineering

Sany I Ihsan

Entry Requirement (Matriculation)
• Engineering Program
– (Science / Technical Stream Applicant only) – Obtain 4B in Mathematics – Obtained Credits in the following subjects
• • • • Additional Mathematic (Matematik Tambahan) Fizik Kimia English

• Upon matriculation graduations the student can enter IIUM engineering degree program.

Introduction to Aerospace Engineering

Sany I Ihsan

The End…
Thank you, wassalam

Introduction to Aerospace Engineering

Sany I Ihsan

Biotechnology Engineering:
Making an Educated Choice

2 March 2008

Hamzah Mohd. Salleh Department of Biotechnology Engineering International Islamic University Malaysia

Biotechnology in Malaysia What is Biotechnology? Why Biotechnology receives lots of attention? Biotechnology Engineering at IIUM

• beneficial to human civilization • important for future development of Malaysia

2006 - NATIONAL BIOTECHNOLOGY POLICY AIMS: to build a conducive environment for Biotech R&D and Biotech industry development whilst leveraging on the country’s existing areas of strength.

1: Agriculture Biotechnology Development

2: Healthcare Biotechnology Development

3: Industrial Biotechnology Development 4: R&D and Technology Acquisition 5: Human Capital Development

9: Government Commitment


8: Strategic Positioning

7: Legislative and Regulatory Framework Development

6: Financial Infrastructure Development


the use of biological processes

to solve problems or make useful products

a) To understand more about the processes of inheritance and gene expression b) To provide better understanding & treatment of various diseases, particularly genetic disorders c) To generate economic benefits, including improved plants and animals for agriculture and efficient production of valuable biological molecules, including food

“Biotechnology is a promising young field that is predicted to be one of the pivotal forces of the 21st Century. Today it is saving lives through the development of breakthrough drugs and improving the quality of life with new agricultural and environmental products.”
Biotechnology Industry Organization


Multidisciplinary, Key: Molecular Biology Cellular Biology

Adapted from Molecular Biotechnology: Principles and Applications of recombinant DNA Technology (Glick and Pasternak, 2nd ed, 2002)

1. Biotechnology: to engineer living organisms 2. Biotechnology is not a product! • package of techniques & procedures where GM or GE is only one procedure • techniques to alter genes to perform certain functions

Full Potential of Biotechnology

brought cellular component within realm of engineering design

brought measurement, analysis, synthesis, control methods within the realm of cell and molecular biology

natural sciences
microbiology biochemistry chemistry etc..

technological fields
engineering manufacturing computer science etc..


From Molecular Biotechnology: Principles and Applications of recombinant DNA Technology (Glick and Pasternak, 2nd ed, 2002)

International Islamic University Malaysia
Established in 1983 Existing Faculties
> Laws > Economics and Management Sciences > Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences > Engineering (1994) > Medicine > Architecture and Environmental Design > Pharmacy > Sciences > Information and Communication Technology > Allied Health Science > Dentistry > Nursing

IIUM Engineering Educational Objectives
The general educational objectives of the engineering programmes at IIUM are to:




provide students with broad-based knowledge and the fundamentals of engineering, produce graduates with high level of competency in engineering design, analysis and problem solving, equip students with good communication and interpersonal skills needed to succeed in a professional career and development, and inculcate high professional ethics and morals in students.

IIUM UG Engineering Statistics (Sem. 2, 2007/08)
Aerospace Engineering Automotive Engineering Biotechnology Engineering Computer and Information Engineering Communications Engineering Manufacturing Engineering Materials Engineering Mechatronics Engineering NOT DECLARED

YEAR 1 42 60 55 25 67 71 35 71

YEAR 2 39 68 96 38 90 98 52 103

YEAR 3 32 65 62 34 65 70 26 69

YEAR 4 33 67 122 48 107 79 34 111

TOTAL 146 260 335 145 329 318 147 354 381 2415


• Biotechnology Engineering Department • multidisciplinary education concerning the useful manipulation of biological organisms and their sub cellular components for the development of techniques or products for industrial, medical and environmental applications. • curriculum designed to develop students with entrepreneurial values, creative, innovative and able to solve problems oriented to biotechnology engineering area.

BIOPROCESS ENGINEERING Bioreactor engineering, optimization, control, management of biosystems, biopharmaceutical products, production and processing of food and, animal feed, nutrition supplements etc. ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHNOLOGY Waste management and utilization, bioremediation, design, operation and management of water supply, water treatment and water pollution control, wastewater treatment (municipal and industrial), environmental pollution control, bioconversion of waste into value-added products BIOMOLECULAR ENGINEERING Enzyme production and product optimization, production of biomolecular materials for industrial applications e.g. food products, biopharmaceuticals, development of biosensors for process monitoring/testing and online bioprocess applications

Biotechnology Engineering

B. Eng ( Biochemical & Biotechnology) with Honours

Board of Engineers Malaysia (BEM) Registration of Graduates with BEM as Biochemical Engineers


Biotechnology Engineering Curriculum in General
Total Credits: 142 credit hours Four-year degree programme (after STPM/A-Level/Matriculation) First year common courses Core Courses Elective Courses Humanities Courses Language Courses Laboratory works to many theoretical courses Industrial Training (13-14 weeks; optional for 28 weeks) Final Year Project (Individual and team projects) External Examiners (International and National) Co-curriculum Requirement English as medium of instruction

Course Code MTH 2112 UNGS 2040 MEC 2910 MEC 2501 BTE 2440 BTE 2320 BTE 2211 CC xxxx Title Diff. Equations and Linear Algebra Islam, Knowledge and Civilization Fluid Mechanics Engineering Materials
SEMESTER 3 Introductory Microbiology

Course Code 3 3 3 3 2 2 1 . 5 UNGS 2050 BTE 3620 BTE 3210 BTE 3221 BTE 3420 BTE 3422 LM 2021 CC xxxx BTE 3191

Title Ethics and Fiqh for Everyday Life Environmental Engineering Transport Phenomena Bioinstrumentation and Safety Genetic Engineering Biotechnology Engineering Lab III Bahasa Melayu for Occupational Purpose Co-Curriculum Seminar I 3 3 3 3 2 2 1 . 5 . 5

Organic Chemistry for Biological Engineering Biotechnology Engineering Lab I Co-Curriculum

Course Code ECON 1550 MTH 2212 MEC 2601 BTE 2520 BTE 2450 BTE 2460 BTE 2511 CC xxxx

Title Introductory Economics for Engineering Computational Methods and Statistics Thermodynamics Biochemical Kinetics Cell and Molecular Biology Biochemistry I Biotechnology Engineering Lab II Co-Curriculum 3 3 3 3 2 2 1 . 5

Course Code MGT 1050 MTH 3112 BTE 3480 BTE 3710 BTE 3470 BTE 3460 CC xxxx BTE 3192

Title Introduction to Management (for non-ENM) Complex Analysis and Partial Differential Equations Bioseparation Processes Biochemical Processes Cell and Tissue Engineering Biochemistry II Co-Curriculum Seminar II 3 3 3 3 2 2 . 5 . 5

Course Code MGT 3050 GEN 4100 BTE 4411 BTE 4412 BTE 4198 BTE 4420 Title Decision Science Engineering Professional Ethics Bioprocess Control Biological Reactor Design and Analysis Project I Biotechnology Engineering Lab IV 3 3 3 3 2 1 BTE 4227 Course Code BTE 4199 BTE 4413 BTE 4414 BTE 42xx BTE 42xx BTE 42xx Title Project II Bioprocess Facility Design and Regulatory Waste Management Engineering Department Elective Department Elective Department Elective 3 3 3 3 3 3 BTE 4228 BTE 4216 BTE 4219 Course Code BTE 4220 BTE 4221 BTE 4223 BTE 4225 Title Food Process Engineering Bio-Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Engineering Aspect of Animal Cell Culture Computer Simulation in Biological Systems Design and Optimization of Process Biotechnology Special Topics in Biotechnology Engineering Biomass Energy Solid Waste Engineering 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

List of elective subjects

Courses Beyond Year 1
Fluid Mechanics Microbiology Organic Chemistry Biochemistry I & II Cell and Molecular Biology Genetic Engineering Waste Management & Utilization Cell and Tissue Engineering 3 Math Courses 3 Management Courses 3 Math Courses 3 UNGS Courses 4 Management Courses Industrial Courses 3 RKGS Training Final Year Project Industrial Training 4 Biotechnology Engineering Labs Languages Engineering Materials Thermodynamics Control in Biosystems Biochemical Processes Transport Phenomena Separation Processes for Biochemical Products Biotechnology Engineering Lab Biological Reactor Design and Analysis 3 Dept. Electives from a list of ~15Courses



Related to: – Genomic and Proteomic Level – Bioprocess –scaling-up, separation, purification and packaging – Environmental-biodegradation, bioconversion and bioremediation. pharmaceutical companies, chemical, agriculture and allied industries areas of planning, production and management of bio-processing industries Researcher Government or public sector Forensic (CSI) Academician Management field Agriculture others

Department of Biotechnology Engineering International Islamic University Malaysia P.O. Box 10, 50728 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA

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