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scalers

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5. The displacement is along the Z direction, i.e.,

1. F = 4 i + 3 j 2 k ,

s = 10 k

r = 1 i + 1 j + 0 k

Work done W = F s

= r F

i j k W = (2 i + 15 j + 6 k )10 k = 60 J

=1 1 0 6.

D C

4 3 2

R =P+Q

= [ i (2) j (2) + k (3 4)] Q

= 2 i + 2 j k

A

B

| a | = 1 + 2 + ( 2 ) = 3 and

2 2 2

2. P

22 + 12 + ( 1) =

2

|b| = 6 R2 = P2 + Q2 + 2PQ cos

From this relation, it is clear that

|a | |b| R2 = P2 + Q2, when = 90

But two unequal vectors may have same

magnitude. R2 > P2 + Q2, when < 90

R2 < P2 + Q2, when > 90

eg.: if P = i + j k and Q = i j + k , then

two vectors are unequal but | P | = | Q | 7. 1 = a 2 + b 2 a2 + b2 = 1 .(i)

and ai + bj 2i + j = 0 2a + b = 0

resultant is maximum if 2 forces act along b = 2a

same direction, i.e., | R max | = | A + B | and Substituting for b in (i)

1 2

magnitude of resultant is minimum if 2 forces a2 + (2a)2 = 1 a = and b =

5 5

act in opposite direction, i.e., | R min | = | A B |

For all other directions, 8. r = i j

( )

R = A 2 + B2 + 2ABcos where, is the Torque at that point, = r F = i j ( 4F ) k

angle between A and B . i k = j and j k = i

Therefore the magnitude of the resultant

( ) ( )

between 3 N and 5 N will be between 8 N and = 4 F i k + 4 F j k

2 N.

= 4 F ( j) + 4 F ( i )

4. A = 3 units due east.

= 4 Fi + 4 F j

4 A = 4 (3 units due east)

= 12 units due east = 12 units due west. ( )

= 4 F i + j

1

Target Publications Pvt. Ltd. Std. XI : Triumph Physics

9. cos =

( i + j + k ) j

( )(

W = F. s = 7i + 2 j 4k 4i + 2 j + 2k )

( i + j + k ) ( j )

1/ 2 1/ 2

2 2 2 2

= 28 + 4 8 = 24 units.

i j + j j + k j 0 +1+ 0 1

= = = 14. Let, A = iA x + jA y , B = iBx + jBy

(1 + 1 + 1)

1/ 2

1 3 3

( ) ( )

three vectors. The x-component is Given Ax = 4 m, Ay = 6 m

Fnet x = F1 F2 sin 60 + F3 cos 30

Ax + Bx = 12 m , Ay + By = 10 m

= 3 4 sin 60 + 10 cos 30

Bx = 12 m Ax = 12 m 4 m = 8 m

3 3

=34 + 10 = 2.196 N By = 10 m Ay = 10 m 6 m = 4 m.

2 2

and the y-component is 15. The angle subtended is

Fnet y = F2 cos 60 + F3 sin 30 3 3

sin = =

= 4 cos 60 + 10 sin 30 = 3 N 6 +3 +4

2 2 2

61

The magnitude of net force is 3

= sin1

Fnet = Fnet2 x + Fnet2 y = (2.196) 2 + 32 61

= 3.72 N

The work done by the net force is 16. p = ip x + jp y

W = Fnet x x = (3.72) (5) 18.6 J

= i[3cos t] + j [3sin t]

A.B ABcos According to Newtons second law of motion,

11.

= = cot

| A B | ABsin dp

F =

dt

A.B 1

Given, = d

3 F = i 3cos t + j 3sin t

| A B | dt

1 = i (3sin t) + j(3cos t)

cot =

3

= cot1 = 60 = 3

3

A.B

12. The three vectors not lying in one plane 17. A B = | A | | B | cos cos =

cannot be zero. Also, their resultant will The component of A in the direction of B

neither be in the plane of P or Q nor in the A.B

= |A| cos = |A|

plane of R . Hence option (D) is correct. |A||B|

3+ 2 5

13. Net force on the body F = F1 + F 2 = = along B

( ) ( )

2 2

= 5i + j 2k + 2 i + j 2k

18. The vector product of two non-zero vectors is

= 7 i + 2 j 4k zero if they are in the same direction or in the

( )

s = 6i + 4 j 2k 2i + 2 j 4k opposite direction. Hence vector B must be

= 4i + 2 j + 2k parallel to vector A , i.e. along x-axis.

2

Target Publications Pvt. Ltd. Chapter 02: Scalars and Vectors

1

19. Area of the triangle = | A B|

2

i j k

1

= 2 3 4

2

1 0 2

1 +3)

= i(6 0) j (4 4) + k(

2

1

= 6i + 8j + 3k

2

1

= 36 + 64 + 9

2

1

= 109 = 5.22 units

2

20. A = a x i + a yj + a z k

Magnitude of vector A = | A | = a x 2 + a y 2 + a z 2

where, ax, ay and az are the magnitudes of

projections of A along three coordinate axes

x, y and z respectively.

| j k | = 12 + (1) 2 = 2

Component of vector A along the direction of

= ay az

(j k)

2

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