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Vacuum Circuit-Breaker 3AH4

24kV to 36kV
24kV 36 kV

Operating Instruction/ Order-No:/ : 3ZX1812-0AH40-0AN0/9229 9862 174-SLC PTD MC

Vacuum circuit-Breaker 3AH4 (36kV/31.5kA/2500A)

3AH4 (36kV/31.5kA/2500A)

All right reserved /

S iemens AG 1996 & SLC PTD MC 2001

Operating Instruction Siemens 3AH4 / 3AH4

Central legend

13. Check marking 60. Mechanism housing

15. pole plate 60.1 Cover
16.1 Upper post insulator 60.2 Transport hole
16.2 Lower post insulator 60.3 Crane hook symbol
19. Pole assembly, 61. Dashpot
complete 62. Closing spring
20. Upper interrupter 63. Breaker shaft
support 64. Opening spring
27. Upper terminal
66. Closing damper
28. strut
68. Auxiliary switch S1 S1
28.1 Centering piece (6NO+6NC) (6 +6 )
29. Lower terminal
68.0.1.Extended auxiliary S1
29.1 Flexible connector switch S1 (12 +12 )
29.2 Clamp (12NO+12NC)
30. Vacuum interrupter 68.1 Operating rod
31. Fixed contact piece 68.7.1 Low voltage plug 64 X0
31.1 Connection surface connector X0 (64-
32. Insulator pole)
33. Arcing chamber 69. Contactor
34. Metal bellows 70. Earthing bolt M12
35. Guide 90. Mechanical
36. Moving contact piece
36.1 Drive and terminal
40. Lower interrupter
48. Insulating operate
48.6 Angle lever
49. Contact pressure
50. Hand crank
50.1 Opening for fitting
hand crank
50.2 (Charging) gear
50.4 Motor M1 M1
50.4.1Position switch
50.5 Hand crank coupling
50.6 Adapter for hand
51. Rating plate
51.1 Opening for rating
53. Closepushbutton
53.1 Closing solenoid Y9 Y9
54. Openpushbutton
54.1 Shunt release Y1 Y1
54.2 Shunt release Y2 Y1
54.3 Current transformer-
operated release Y4
55. Closing spring
charged indicator
55.1 Opening for indicator
Closing spring charged
58. Operating cycle
58.1 Opening for
59. ON-OFF indicator
59.1 Opening for
closed/open indicator

Operating Instruction Siemens 3AH4 / 3AH4

Contents Page
General 1/1 1/1
Technical data 1/2~1/9 1/2~1/9
Type designation 1/2 1/2
Rating plate 1/2 1/2
Standards and specification 1/3 1/3
Ambient temperature/humidity and , 1/3
loadability 1/3
Site altitude 1/4 1/4
Electrical data 1/5 1/5
Operating times 1/6 1/6
Switching duties 1/6 1/6
Motor operating mechanism 1/6 1/6
Auxiliary switch 1/7 1/7
Low-voltage plug connector 1/7 1/7
Shunt closing release 1/7 1/7
Shunt release 1/7~1/8 1/7~1/8
Undervoltage release 1/8 1/8
CT-operated release 1/8 1/8
Breaker tripping signal, cut-out
switches(S6,S7) 1/9 1/9
Varistor module (V1 to V3) 1/9 (V1 V3) 1/9
Electrical local closing / 1/9
/ Electrical interlocking 1/9
Mechanical interlocking 1/9 1/9
Dimensions and weights 1/9 1/9

Description 2/1~2/5 2/1~2/5

Construction 2/1~2/3 2/1~2/3
Vacuum interrupters 2/4 2/4
Complement 2/5 2/5

Installation 3/1~3/4 3/1~3/4

Installing in cubicle or on truck 3/1 3/1
Flat bar connection 3/1~3/2 3/1~3/2
Control leads 3/2 3/2
Earthing 3/2 3/2
Circuit documents 3/2 3/2
Function schematic diagram 3/3~3/4 3/3~3/4

Operation 4/1~4/2 4/1~4/2

Commissioning 4/1~4/2 4/1~4/2
Charging and closing spring 4/2 4/2
Closing 4/2 4/2
Tripping 4/2 4/2

Maintenance 5/1~5/5 5/1~5/5

Safety measures 5/1 5/1
Servicing 5/1~5/3 5/1~5/3
Checking the contact systems 5/4 5/4
Checking the vacuum 5/4 5/4
Service life 5/5 5/5
Accessories and spare parts 5/5 5/5

Subject to changes due to improved design

Note: The items illustrated in the Figures are : .
enumerated in the foldout central

When ordering the operating instructions please 3ZX1812-0AH40-

quote the order No.3ZX1812-0AH40-0AN0/9229 0AN0/9229 9862 174 - SLC PTD MC.
9862 174 - SLC PTD MC.

Operating Instruction Siemens 3AH4 / 3AH4

This equipment contains hazardous volt- ,
ages and mechanical parts which move .
at high speed and may be controlled

Non-observance of the safety instructions

can result in severe personal injury or .
property damaged.

Only qualified personnel should work on ,

or around this equipment after becoming
thoroughly familiar with all warnings, .
safety notices, and maintenance procedu-
res contained herein.

The successful and safe operation of this

equipment is dependent on proper , , .
handling, installation, operation and

General: :
Siemens 3AH4 vacuum circuit-breakers (V- 3AH4 ,
breaker) are of the triple-pole indoor type for high , 120,000
switching frequency up to a service life of at least 24kV 36kV.
120,000 mechanical operating cycles. The rated
voltage ranges between 24 and 36kV.

The vacuum circuit-breaker consists of the ,

mechanism housing complete with stored-energy , ,
mechanism and control elements, the three poles .
with vacuum interrupters, cast-resin insulators and
operating rods.

The mounting position (relative to the vacuum ( ).

interrupters) is vertical. The vacuum circuit- .
breaker can be used in practically any system

- 1/1 -

Operating Instruction Siemens 3AH4 / 3AH4

Technical data
Type designation
3AH4 vacuum circuit-breakers are identified by a 3AH4
machine-readable product designation made up of a .
series of figures and letters.

Basic type

Rated voltage

Rated short circuit breaking current

Rated normal current

3 A H 4 2 6 6 - 6
(See catalog HG 11 for selection and ordering data of the ( 11)
respective circuit-breaker)
Rating plate

The rating plate which can be read in the operating , :

position, contains the following information:
1 Manufacturer 7 Rated short-circuit 1 7
2 Type designation 8 Weight 2 8
3 Serial number 9 Rated operation 3 9
4 Design code 10 Rated frequency 4 10
5 Year of manufacture 11 Rated lightning impulse 5 11
6 Rated normal current withstand voltage 6
12 Rated short-circuit 12
breaking current
13 Rated voltage 13

4266 2Q 4266 2Q
32444557 32444557
24 2500 24 2500
40 40
125 68 125 68

Fig.1/1 .1/1
Rating plate

Note: In the event of any queries state the type : (2), (4),
designation(2), designation code(4) and the serial (3).
number(3). - 1/2 -

Operating Instruction Siemens 3AH4 / 3AH4

Standard specifications
The 3AH4 vacuum circuit-breakers comply with the 3AH4 IEC 56, IEC 694, BS
provisions of IEC 56, IEC 694, BS 5311 and DIN VDE 5311 DIN VDE 0670 .

Ambient temperature/humidity and loadability ,

The 3AH4 V-breakers are designed for the normal 3AH4
operating conditions laid down in the standards. .
Permissible ambient temperatures:

Maximum value =+40C =+40C

Average over a period of 24 hours =+35C 24 =+35C
Minimum value = -5C = -5C
Permissible atmospheric humidity: :
Relative humidity, 24 hours mean <95% 24 <95%
Relative humidity, 1month mean <90% 1 <90%

Under these conditions condensation may occasionally , . 1/4 DIN

occur. The rated normal currents listed in Fig. 1/4 were VDE/IEC 40C .
laid down for 40C ambience in accordance with DIN .
VDE/IEC. Use under conditions other than normal is
possible with certain measures that can be implemen
-ted on request.

The maximum permissible load current as a function of 3AH4 , 1

the 3AH4 V-breaker ambient temperature has been . .
plotted in Fig.1/2. The load currents indicated apply to , ,
open-type switchgear. Metal-enclosed switchgear must .
be derated as specified by switchgear manufacturer.

Load current A

Determination of the load characteristic number

Rated normal current load characteristic

1250A 2
2000A 4
2500A 5

Fig.1/2 Maximum permissible load current as a function of the

switch ambient temperature
. 1/2
Ambient temperature C

-1/3 -

Operating Instruction Siemens 3AH4 / 3AH4

Site altitude
The rated insulating capacity values (rated impulse ( ,
withstand voltage, rated power frequency withstand ) ) VDE 0111 IEC-71
20 C
1 3
voltage) ) specified for Siemens the equipment are, in ( 1013 h Pa, 11g/m )
accordance with the provisions if VDE Standard 0111 , .
and IEC Publication 71, based on standard , , .
atmospheric conditions (1013 h Pa, 20C , and 11g/m 1000m, 9%, ,
water content ).i.e. sea lever. The insulating capacity of VDE,IEC .
an insulation in air decreases with increasing altitude
as a result of change in the air density, Standards prom
-ulgated by VDE, IEC and other disregard this
decrease in insulating capacity for altitude of up to
1000m, i.e. the decrease of approximately 9% at this
altitude is still permissible.

The standards provide no guideline for altitudes of 1000m

more than 1000 m with respect to insulation ratings; , .
they leave this up to an agreement between manufa-
cturer and user.

Our own recommendation is as follows: , :

Since this method used for rating insulation up to 1000m
altitudes of 1000 m has proved to be satisfactory, it , . a
should also be applied to higher altitudes. The altitude 1000m ,
correction factor a should therefore be based on the 9%( 0.91 1/1.1).
insulating capacity at 1000m, which is lower by 9%
(corresponding to 0.91 or 1/1.1) than the capacity at
sea level.
The following expression thus applies for the selection :
of the equipment:
2 2
Rated withstand voltage to be selected ) )
2 2
Required rated withstand voltage ) )
> >
(1.1xa) (1.1xa)
Example: :
Site altitude above sea level 3000 m 3000 m
Required rated impulse withstand voltage 125kV 125kV
(For a 24kV system according to IEC) ( 24kV IECI )
Correction factor a 0,73 a 0.73
(According to Fig. 1/3) ( 1/3)
Rated impulse withstand voltage to be selected: :
125kV 125kV
=156kV =156kV
1.1x0.73 1.1x0.73
Switchgear with a rated voltage of 36kV, List2 (rated 36kV, 2( 170 kV)
lightning impulse withstand voltage of 170kV) meet this .
The actual insulating capacity at the site is then
3 2 3 2
withstand voltage ) = a* rated withstand voltage ) )=a* )
of the selected switchgear unit.
Correction factor/
Relationship between the correction factor a and the
site altitude.
a .

Altitude of site above sea level/

The following definitions apply: :
) Rated withstand voltage2)=require value corresponding to 1
) 2
the provision of DIN ,VDE,IEC for sea level
withstand voltage 3)= actual value for the given altitude 3
)= .
2 2
) Rated lightning impulse withstand voltage )
Rated power frequency withstand voltage
3 3
) Lightning impulse withstand voltage )
Power frequency withstand voltage
-1/4 -

Operating Instruction Siemens 3AH4 / 3AH4

Electrical data
3AH4 vacuum circuit-breaker 3AH4

- (11)
U UW Us ISC tth Ima D.C. PA MLFB
1st to 7th place
1250A 2000A 2500A 1 7
(kV) (kV) (kV) (kA) (s) (kA) (%) (mm)
2 4 6
24 125 50 40 3 100 36 275 EU 3AH4 266-6
36 170 70 31.5 3 80 36 350 EK 3AH4 305-2*
EK 3AH4 305-4*
EK 3AH4 305-6*
40 3 100 36 350 EU 3AH4 306-6*
* Us to 85kV on request; UW to 185 kV on request; * 85kV; 185Kv;

Note: available :
1. Rated voltage (maximum permissible system voltage) at 50 to 1. ( ) 50-60Hz
2. Rated lightning impulse withstand voltage (peak value) 2. ( )
3. Rated power frequency withstand voltage (RMS value) 3. ( )
4. Rated short-circuit current 4.
5. Rated short-circuit duration 5.
6. Type designation 6.
7. Rated normal current 7.
8. Rated short-circuit making current 8.
9. DC component of rated short-circuit breaking current 9.
10. Pole center distance 10.
11. Switching duties U= Rapid load transfer 11. U=
K= rapid auto-reclosure +U K= +U
E= electrical operating energy E=
Fig.1/4 electrical data for 3AH4 vacuum circuit-breaker .1/4 3AH4

- 1/5 -

Operating Instruction Siemens 3AH4 / 3AH4

Operating times

Closing time/ ms <80

Spring charging time/ s <15
Opening time/ Shunt release/ 3AY 15 (Y1) ms <65
Supplementary release 3AX 11/
3AX11 (Y2,Y4,Y7) ms <45
Arcing time/ ms <15
Break time/ Shunt release/ 3AY15 (Y1) ms <80
Supplementary release 3AX11/
3AX11 (Y2,Y4,Y7) ms <60

Dead time/ ms 300

Close-open-time/ Shunt release/ 3AY15 (Y1) ms <90
Supplementary release 3AX11/
3AX11 (Y2,Y4,Y7) ms <70

Minimum pulse duration/

Close/ Closing solenoid/ 3AY15 (Y9) ms 45

Trip / Shunt release/ (Y1) ms 40
Trip / Supplementary release 3AX11
3AX11 (Y2,Y4,Y7) ms 20

ms >15
shortest pulse duration of breaker tripping signal for 1st shunt release/1 .
shortest pulse duration of breaker tripping signal for 2nd and 3rd shunt release
ms >10
/2 3 .
Fig.1/5 operating times/ .1/5

Closing time = the interval of time between the initiation of =

the closing operation and the instant when the contacts .
touch in all poles.
Opening time = the interval of time between the initiation of =
the opening operation and the instant when the contacts .
separate in all poles.
Arc time = the interval of time between the instant of the = .
first initiation of an arc and the instant of final arc extinction
in all poles.
Breaking time = the interval of time between the beginning = .
of the opening time of a circuit breaker and the end of the
arcing time.
Close-open-time = the interval of time (in a make-break - =
operation cycle) between the instant when the contacts .
touch in the first pole in the closing process, and the instant
when the arcing contacts separate in all poles in the
subsequent opening process
Switching duties 3AH4 .
The operating mechanisms of the 3AH4 circuit-breakers are
40kA ; 31.5kA
suitable for rapid auto-reclosure. Breakers for a rated short-
circuit breaking current of 40kA are, at rated data levels,
suitable for rapid load transfer; up to 31.5kA they can also
be used for rapid auto-reclosure.
Motor operating mechanism
The maximum DC power input is 500 W (approx.) the 500W. 650VA.
maximum AC power input is 650VA (approx.). During part .
of the short spring charging time the motor operate in the .1/6 .(
overload range. The recommended rating for motion , )
protection devices are shown in Fig.1/6 (the protection
devices are not supplied with the vacuum breakers and
must be ordered separately)
Rated supply voltage DC24V DC48V DC60V DC/AC 110V DC220V/AC230V
50/60HZ 50/60HZ
Recommended rating of protection device* 8A 6A 4A 2A 1.6A

*) 8RL74, G

*) MCB assembly TYPE 8RL54 or MCB with G characteristic *) 8RL54 G

Fig.1/6 Rated currents of motor protection device. .1/6

The supply voltage may deviate from the rated value by -15% +10% .
-15% to +10%.

- 1/6 -

Operating Instruction Siemens 3AH4 / 3AH4

Auxiliary switch (S1) 3SV92 (S1) 3SV92
Two versions of the auxiliary switch can be supplied. .
The standard version is fitted with 6 NO contacts and 6 6 . 12 12 .
6 NC contacts. The extended version is fitted with
12NO contacts and 12NC contracts.

Rated insulation voltage: AC/DC 250 V : AC/DC 250V

Insulation class : C acc. to DIN VDE 0110 : C DIN VDE 0110
Current : 10A : 10A
Making capacity: 50A : 50A

Breaking capacity/
AC 40 to 60 Hz/ 40~60Hz DC/
Voltage Operational current Voltage Operational current/
I (A)
U (V) I (A) U (V) Resistive load/ Inductive load/
<230V 10 24 10 10
48 10 9
60 9 7
110 5 4
220 2.5 2
Fig.1/7 Breaking capacity of 3SV92 auxiliary switch
.1/7 3SV92

Low-voltage plug connector (X0) (X0)

The control elements of the 3AH4 vacuum circuit- 3AH4

breaker provided in the mechanism housing are wired (X0), 64 .
for external connection to the plug connector (X0). The
standard version is provided with a 64-pole plug

Shunt closing release (Y9) 3AY1510 (Y9) 3AY1510

The closing solenoid unlatches the charged closing ,
spring and thus closes the circuit-breaker electrically . , , .
It is available for both AC and DC operation. After
completion of a closing operation, the closing solenoid
is de-energized internally.

Power consumption approx. 100 W/VA 100 W/VA

Shunt releases (shunt opening releases) ( )

The shunt releases are used for automatic tripping of
circuit-breakers by means of appropriate protective ,
relays and for deliberate tripping by other electrical . ,
means. They are designed for connection to external ,
voltage (DC or AC voltage). In special cases, for
deliberate tripping, they can also be connected to a
voltage transformer.

Shunt releases based on two different operating .

principles are used.

Shunt release (Y1) 3AY1510 (Y1) 3AY1510

The 3AY1510 shunt release is used as standard in the 3AY1510 .
basic circuit-breaker version, with this design, the " " ,
electrically supplied tripping pulse is passed to the .
open latching mechanism by means of a direct-action
solenoid armature and the circuit-breaker is thus

Power consumption approx. 100 W/VA 100 W/VA

- 1/7 -

Operating Instruction Siemens 3AH4 / 3AH4

Shunt release (Y2) 3AX1101 1) (Y2) 3AX1101 1).
The 3AX1101 shunt release is fitted if more than one , 3AX1101 .
shunt release is required. With its design, the electrical , ,
opening command is transferred in boosted form to the , .
Open latching mechanism via a solenoid armature
through unlatching of a energy store and thus the
circuit-breaker is opened.
Power consumption: <55VA or <60W : <55VA <60W
Undervoltage release (Y7) 3AX1103 ) 1
(Y7) 3AX1103 1)
Undervoltage release consist of a stored-energy ,
mechanism, an unlatching mechanism and an , ,
electromagnet system which is connected continuously . , ,
to the supply when the circuit-breaker is in the close .
state. If this voltage drops to below a certain value the
unlatching mechanism is released and opening of the
circuit-breaker is thus initiated via the stored-energy
The deliberate tripping of undervoltage release
generally takes place via an NC contact in the tripping .
circuit. But it can also be carried out via an NO contact
by short-circuiting of the magnet coil. With this type of , (
tripping, the short-circuit current is limited by the built-in 3/4)
resistors (see circuit diagram Fig.3/4)
Under voltage releases can also be connected to
voltage transformers. When the operating voltage ,
drops to impermissibly low levels, the circuit-breaker is , .
tripped automatically.
Power consumption: <7.5VA or <6.5W
CT-Operated release (Y4) 3AX1102 1) : <7.5VA or <6.5W
CT-operated releases consist of a stored-energy (Y4) 3AX1102 1)
mechanism, an unlatching mechanism and an ,
electromagnet system. When the tripping current is .
exceeded (90% of the CT-operated release rated 90% , ,
current) the unlatching device of the stored-energy . ,
mechanism is released and thus opening of the circuit- .
breaker is initiated. In addition to the primary current
transformer, matching transformers are required for
application of the CT-operated releases.
Power consumption for 0.5A and 1A<6VA at 90% of
the rated current and with open armature. 0.5A 1A , 90%
CT-operated release (Y6) 3AX11041) , , <6VA
(Low-energy release 0.1Ws) (Y6) 3AX11041)
In connection with a solid-state release (7SJ41 over- ( 0.1Ws)
current time protection or similar) and low-power ( 7SJ41 )
primary current transformers (window-type ( ) ,
transformers), it is possible with the 3AX1104 to create 3AX1104
a CT-operated release without additional supply .
The 3AX1104 is of similar design as the 3AX1101
/1102 releases. With its coil data and its low energy 3AX1104 3AX1101/3AX1102
requirement of < 0.1Ws, it is designed to be directly . <0.1Ws ,
actuated by a release impulse provided by a capacitor
of the above-mentioned electronic release systems. .

) Can be ordered on request, retrofitting possible. 1) , .

Operating Instruction Siemens 3AH4 / 3AH4

Breaker tripping signal, cut-out switches (S6 S6 S7
and S7)
When the vacuum circuit-breaker is tripped by means , S6
of a release, the position switch S6 briefly makes , . ,
contact. This contact making can be used for S7 .
signalling. In the event of intentional mechanical
tripping, the cut-out switch S7 breaks this contact.

Varistor module (V1 to V3) 3AX1526 1) (V1 to V3) 3AX1526 1)

The disconnection of inductive loads in DC circuits may
cause switching overvoltage which pose a risk to . ,
electronic control units. In order to prevent this, the ( , ,
inductances of the circuit-breaker mechanism and ( ). 3AX1526
control (motor, closing solenoid, shunt release and 60V-220V;
auxiliary contactor) can be connected to varistor (with 500V .
DC operation). For rated operating voltage of 60V to .
220V DC the varistor module 3AX1526 is available as
an accessory; it limits the overvoltage to about 500V.
The module contains 2 separate varistor circuits.
Electrical local closing/electrical interlocking1) / )
In the basic version, the closing spring must be , ,
released mechanically if the breaker is to be closed . .
locally. A version with electrical local closing can also .
be supplied. In this version, the making circuit of the
circuit-breaker is activated electrically via a push- . ,
button. In this way, allowance can also be made for .
station-specific interlocks, and undesired making
operations prevented. For example, interlocking of the
circuit-breaker is possible via the auxiliary contact of a
Circuit-breaker with electrical local closing cannot be
closed mechanical. .

Mechanical interlocking1) 1
Operating mechanism of disconnectors can be fitted )
with a mechanical switchgear interlocking facility. The .
disconnector and the associated circuit-breaker are in .
this case interlocked mechanically.
The sensing parts check the switch position of the
circuit-breaker and prevent if from closing mechanically , ,
and electrically if the associated disconnector is not in
a position to allow safe operation. On the other hand, , . ,
the disconnector is prevented from being operated , .
when the circuit-breaker is closed.

The mechanical interlocking facility can also be used to

interlock breaker trucks or draw-out breaker parts. .

Adjustment instruction: 3G 460 00127 (3AX1520-3C)

: 3G 460 00127 (3AX1520-3C)
Dimensions and weight
The dimensions and weights of the vacuum circuit-
breaker are shown in the relevant drawings. .

For planning purposes, the drawings showing detailed

overall dimensions, can be ordered through the ,
appropriate Siemens agency. .

The weight is also stated on the breaker rating plate.


1) Can be ordered on request, retrofitting possible. 1) , .

- 1/9 -

Operating Instruction Siemens 3AH4 / 3AH4

The vacuum circuit-breaker consists of the mechanism (60.), 3 (19.)
housing (60.), the 3-pole assemblies (19.) with vacuum (30.), (16.1 16.2),
interrupter (30.), cast-resin post insulators (16.1and (28.2 28.3) (48.).
16.2), struts (28.2 and 28.3) and of the operating rods
(48.). with contacts pressure springs (49.).

Each of three pole assemblies (19.), is supported by (19.), (16.1

two cast-resin post insulators (16.1and 16.2), which are 16.2) ,
bolted to the traverses (14.1 and 14.2) respectively. (14.1 14.2 ).

The main features of the 3AH4 vacuum circuit-breaker 3AH4 2/1.

are shown in Fig.2/1.

Fig.2/1 3AH4 vacuum circuit-breaker

2/1 3AH4

The mechanism housing (60.) accommodates all (60.)

electrical and mechanical elements required for . .2/2 .
opening and closing the vacuum circuit-breaker. Fig.
2/2 shows the arrangement of the individual modules in
the mechanism housing.

The mechanism housing has a detachable cover 60.1( .2/3).

This cover (60.1) has cutouts for the actuating and (60.1) .
indicating devices.
The vacuum circuit-breaker is closed by means of the (53.) . (50.4)
pushbutton (53.). The motor (50.4) immediately (62.) . ,
recharges the closing spring (62.). In the event of (50.) .
motor power supply failure, the closing spring can be (50.1), (50.2)
charged by means of a hand crank (50.). The cover (50.5). (55.)
includes an opening (50.1) for the hand crank, behind . (59.) ( - ).
which the hand crank coupling (50.5) of the gearing (58.) . (51.)
(50.2) is located. The stored-energy mechanism state (51.1) .
is shown by the indicator (55.). The indicator (59.)
shows the breaker state (ON-OFF). The operating
cycle counter (58.) indicates the number of charging
operations. The rating plate (51.) is attached to the
mechanism housing but visible through an opening
(51.1) in the cover.
The movement is transmitted to the pole assemblies (48.) .
via moulded-plastic operating rods (48.).

- 2/1 -

Operating Instruction Siemens 3AH4 / 3AH4

Fig. 2/2 View of an open mechanism housing
. 2/2


Tightening torque/


Fig. 2/3 Actuating and indicating devices

. 2/3

- 2/2 -

Operating Instruction Siemens 3AH4 / 3AH4

The pole assembly consists (19.) of the upper (19.) (27.) (20.),
interrupter support (20.) with the upper terminal (27.), (30.), (29.) (40.),
the vacuum interrupter (30.), the lower interrupter (29.1) (48.6) (29.2) .
support (40.) with the lower terminal (29.), the clamp (28.1) (28.) ,
(29.2) with the flexible connector (29.1) and the angled (2/4.).
lever (48.6). The centering piece (28.1) and the struts
(28.) relieve the vacuum interrupters of external forces
see (Fig. 2/4.).

Fig. 2/4 3AH4 pole assembly

. 2/4 3AH4

- 2/3 -

Operating Instruction Siemens 3AH4 / 3AH4

Vacuum interrupters

The basic construction of the vacuum interrupters for 3AH4 2/5.

the 3AH4 vacuum circuit-breaker is shown in the
sectional view in Fig.2/5.

Depending on its type, the vacuum interrupter (30.) is , (30) ( )

fixed to the upper interrupter support (20.). The arcing (20.) . (33.)
chamber (33.) is located between two ceramic insulator (32.) .
(32.). The fixed contact piece (31.) is connected (31.) (36.)
directly with the housing. The moving contact piece (36.1) (35.) .
(36.) is fixed to the terminal bolt (36.1) and is located (34.) .
centrally in the guide (35.). The metal bellows (34.)
forms the vacuum-proof connection to the interrupter

Fig.2/5 vacuum interrupter

. 2/5

The vacuum interrupters fitted in the 3AH4 vacuum

circuit-breaker are type-approved in accordance with 3AH4 ,
the X-ray regulations of the Federal Republic of X . (
Germany. They conform to the requirements of the X- 144 ) 5 8 DIN VDE/IEC
ray regulations of January 8, 1987 (Federal LAW X .
Gazette Page 144) 8 and annex section 5 up to
rated short-time AC voltage stipulated in accordance

- 2/4 -

Operating Instruction Siemens 3AH4 / 3AH4


The basic version of the vacuum circuit-breaker :


Electrical operating mechanism (charging motor) ( )

With mechanical and electrical
anti-pumping feature (M1) (M1)
Closing solenoid (Y9) (Y9)
Shunt release (Y1) 1 (Y1)
Low-voltage plug connector, 64-pole (X0) 64 (X0)
with grommet sleeve housing
Auxiliary switch 6NO+6NC (S1) 6 +6 (S1)
Position switch for signaling
"Closing spring charged" (S41, S42) " " (S41, S42)
Breaker tripping signal, cut-out switch (S6, S7) (S6, S7)
Operating cycle counter

Each 3AH4 vacuum circuit-breaker can be equipped 3AH4 :

with the following supplementary devices:

Terminal block (X0) (X0)

Extended auxiliary switch 12NO+12NC (S1) 12 +12 (S1)
Shunt release 3AX1101 (Y2) 2 3AX1101 (Y2)
Current transformer-operated release
3AX1102 (Y4, Y5) 3AX1102 (Y4, Y5))
Low-energy CT-operated release 3AX1104 (Y6) (Y6)
Undervoltage release 3AX1103 (Y7) 3AX1103 (Y7)
Electrical manual closing (S14, S15) (S14, S15)
Electromechanical interlock (S12) (S12)

In addition to the standard shunt release Y1, the 3AH4 Y1 , 3AH4

vacuum circuit-breaker can be fitted with a maximum of 3AX 11.
two release of type 3AX 11

The permissible combination of supplementary HG 11.

equipment and special versions are stated in catalogue
HG 11.

- 2/5 -

Operating Instruction Siemens 3AH4 / 3AH4

Installing in cubicle or on truck
The 3AH4 vacuum circuit-breaker are supplied in the 3AH
open state with the closing spring discharged (55.). 3AH4 ,
indication (55.) visible. Before installing the 3AH4 V- ( ).
breaker, remove the transport device (skids and
spacers). Mount face loose supplied phase barrier in
accordance with the supplied drawings.

Before installing the 3AH4 vacuum circuit-breaker in a ,

cubicle or a truck check its rating plate data (to avoid ( )
confusion) and compare the rated voltage indicated in .
the delivery papers with the power supply voltage
available at the site.

On the vacuum circuit-breaker with undervoltage (Y7) 3AX1103 ,

release (Y7) 3AX1103, the arresting screw of the A B (
hammer must be moved from position A to B (see (60.) ).
annex to operating instructions for release or note card
in mechanism housing [60.] of vacuum circuit-breaker).

On the pole plate (15.) and mechanism housing (60.) (15.) (60.) 14 -
there are a total of 14 fixing holes - to suit the various ( .3/1).
types of installation (Fig.3/1).

Using M12 fixing bolts - strength class 8 making M12 - 8

reference to the mandatory dimension drawings. .

The rack or frame must be adapted to the operating

conditions and have adequate load bearing capacity . View Y/ Y
and stability.

*Holes for M12 bolts/M12

Fig.3/1 Means of fixing 3AH4 vacuum circuit-breaker

.3/1 3AH4
View Z/ Z
Flat bar connection

Prior to fitting the conductors fix them so as to ensure ,

smooth contact with their connecting parts and with the .
holes in full alignment.

Rub the contact faces to be bolted together with criss-

crossing strokes using a wire brush until bright metal .
shows and wipe then with a clean rag.

Note! Copper-sprayed and spray silver-plated surfaces ! .

should be cleaned a rag and not brushed.
- 3/1 -

Operating Instruction Siemens 3AH4 / 3AH4

Differing contact materials (AL/CU) must not be ( / ) ,
workedwith the same cleaning tool. Thinly grease the ( Shell 8420)
bright contact faces with acid-free Vaseline (e.g. Shell , ).
Vaseline 8420) or equivalent anti-corrosion agent and
bolt them together immediately ).

Note: :
Silver-plated parts must not be bolted together with .
aluminium bars.
Use the appropriate M12 nuts and bolts of strength 8 M12 ,
class 8 and corresponding spring elements and plain .

Note! When tightening the terminal screws, counteract ! , ,

the torque (70Nm~7mkp) by resisting it with a suitable 70Nm~7mkp.
spanner or socket wrench.

Control leads
Vacuum circuit-breaker of standard design are 64 X0 (68.7.1).
provided with a 64-pole low-voltage plug connector X0 1.5mm
(68.7.1). The corresponding plug for external , .(
connection is designed for crimp connection of control Harting 09 99 000 0110 09 99
2 2
leads with a nominal section area of 1.5mm . Use only 000 0111) ).
crimping tools (e.g. Harting crimp tongs 09 99 000 01
10 with positioning sleeve 09 99 000 0111) ).

Make reference to the circuit diagram supplied. .


Connect the vacuum circuit-breaker to the appropriate (60.)

high voltage protective earth by means of the suitable M12 (70.)( .3/3)
marked M12 (70.) (See Fig.3/3) terminal on the top of ,
the mechanism housing (60.) using flat copper, copper (DIN VDE 0141/7.76 5.3).
cable or hot galvanized steel strip (DIN VDE 0141/7.76
Item 5.3).

If the V-breaker with the mechanism housing are ,

installed in an earth metal rack so that firm electrical . (DIN
contact is established, the mechanism housing need 6789).
not be earthed separately. When installing the switch
externally, toothed serrated washers (DIN 6789) must
then be placed under the bolt heads.

Fig.3/2 0

Circuit documents
The wiring and connection of circuit-breaker is shown
in the circuit diagram supplied, depending on the ,
particular model and complement. .

Typical circuit diagram for circuit-breaker are shown in . 3/3 3/5.

Fig. 3/3 and 3/5.
) ShellVaseline 8420, Deutsche Shell AG Abt.
VSM berseering 35, D-22 297 Hamburg P.O.Box 60 05 55
) Harting Crimpzange, Harting Elektronic GmbH.
Marienwerder strae3, D-32 339 Espelkamp P.O.Box 1140. - 3/2 -

Operating Instruction Siemens 3AH4 / 3AH4

Function schematic diagram

Release "off"

-Y6 -Y5

Motor drive Closing and anti- 1st shunt Switch closing spring charged signal
pumping device release tripping signal

HA Manual tripping/
Fig.3/3 V circuit-breaker 3AH4 with manual and electrical HE Manual closing/
closing with 64-way plug connector K1 Anti-pumping contactor
.3/3 , 64
M1 Motor operating mechanism/
P Energy store/
R1 Resistor/
Tripping via S1 Auxiliary switch/
Tripping via NC NC contact S21, S22 Position switches (cut-out motor after
System wiring charging)
( )
S3 Position switches
(open when closing spring charged )

( )
Breaker wiring
S41, S42 Position switches (signals charged state)
( )
S6, S7 Position switches (for switch tripped signal)
( )
X0 Low-voltage plug connector

Y1 1st shunt release/

Y2 2nd shunt release/
System wiring
Y4, Y5, Y6 CT operated release/
Y7 Undervoltage release/
Y9 Closing solenoid/
S10, S11 Position switches (mech. Pumping prevention)
Fig.3/4 Typical circuits for connection of undervoltage release Y7 / ( )
- 3/3 -

Operating Instruction Siemens 3AH4 / 3AH4

Function schematic diagram

Extended auxiliary switch

Release "off"

-Y6 -Y5

Motor drive Closing and anti- 1st shunt 1st CT operated Switch Closing spring charged signal
closing pumping device release release tripping signal

Fig.3/5 V circuit-breaker 3AH3 with electrical manual closing with 64- HA Manual tripping/
way plug connector HE Manual closing/
Example for extended fitting with Y4 and varistor circuit for DC K1 Anti-pumping contactor
.3/5 64 3AH4
M1 Motor operating mechanism/
P Energy store/
S1 Auxiliary switch/
S21, S22 Position switch (cut-out motor after charging)
With this model, the auxiliary switch terminals are wired to the plug connector as illustrated
( )
S3 Position switch
(opens when closing spring charged )
Auxiliary switch standard Auxiliary switch extended
( )
S41, S42 Position switches (signals charged state)
( )
S6, S7 Position switches (for switch tripped signal)
( )
X0 Low-voltage plug connector

Y1 1st shunt release/

Y2 shunt release/
Y7 Y4, Y5, Y6 CT operated release/
Y9 Y7 Undervoltage release/
D7 B3 B8 C5 D8 D9 B9 C9 Y9 Closing solenoid/
S10, S11 Position switches (mech. pumping prevention)
Wiring not applicable if ( )
B Y2 (2nd shunt release) fitted B 2 Y2
E Y7 (undervoltage release) fitted E Y7

Operating Instruction Siemens 3AH4 / 3AH4

High voltage! !
Touching of live will result in death or severe .
personal injury.

This equipment shall be operated only by

qualified personnel after becoming thoroughly .
familiar with the respective instruction manual
and in particular all safety instructions.

This equipment contains hazardous voltages ,
and mechanical parts which move at high .
speed and may be control remotely.

Non-observance of the safety instructions .

can result in severe personal injury or
property damage.

In particular: :
Do not remove the cover (60.1). Do not reach (60.1).
inside any openings in the operating mecha- .
nism. Dot not touch pole assemblies(19.) (19.) (48.).
and operating rods (48.).


Prior to commissioning, check the V-breaker in accordance :

with the following points:

1. Clean them as applicable (for details refer to cleaning 6. ( 5/1.).

page 5/1.).
2. Check all fixing and terminal screws for tightness. 6. .
3. Examine the circuit-breaker for any external damage, 6. , ,
especially to the control leads, post insulators .
and interrupters.

The V-breaker may be operated only with the ,
original hand crank (50.), in order to avoid (50.).
injures as a result of the motor suddenly
starting up.

4. Charge the closing spring (62.) with the hand crank (50.) 6. (50.) (62.) ( .4/1),
(see Fig.4/1), press the close push-button (53.) and (53.), , (54.) .
after closing, trip the breaker by pressing the open
push-button (54.).

On the 3AH3 V-breaker with undervoltage release (Y7) 3AX1103 3AH3 ,

(Y7) 3AX1103, the arresting screw of the hammer A B .( 3AH4
must be moved from position A to B. (see note card in [60.] )
mechanism housing[60.] of 3AH4vacuum circuit
breaker )

- 4/1 -

Operating Instruction Siemens 3AH4 / 3AH4

5. For test operations with the motor mechanism switch on 5. ,
the supply voltage. The motor will start immediately and (62.) .
charge the closing spring (62.). check the mechanical . 4 ,
and electrical indication of the charging state of the .
closing spring. Actuate the mechanism as indicated
under 4. And check the mechanical and electrical state

6. Check the auxiliary switch S1 (68.) and position switches 6. 3AH3 , S1 (68.)
(50.4.1) electrically in both end positions by actuating the (50.4.1) .
3AH3 vacuum circuit-breaker.

7. Also check-by electrical actuation the function of the 7. Y9 (53.1)

closing solenoid Y9 (53.1) and all fitted shunt release. .

When correct functioning of the 3AH3 V-breaker has been 3AH3 , .

ascertained it can be put into service.

Charging the closing spring

When the supply voltage is applied the motor (50.4) , (50.4) (62.) .
automatically charges the closing spring (62.). Should , (50.) . ,
the supply fail the closing spring (62.) can also be charged by .4/1 , (50) (50.6) (50.1)
hand crank (50.). In the lattercase, as shown in Fig.4/1,the (50.5) , (55.3)
hand crank(50.) is inserted with the forwards pushed adapter ( .4/2
(50.6) through the opening (50.1) onto hand crank coupling ).
(50.5) and turned clockwise, until the symbol "closing spring
discharged shown in the indicator opening (55.3) is
changed to "closing spring charged (Fig. 4/2).

Fig.4/1 Charging the closing spring with the hand crank

The adapter (50.6) is designed so that the hand crank (50.) is
decoupled on the recovery of the motor supply. (50.6)

Fig.4/2 Closing spring charged

Fig.4/2 Closing spring discharged


If operation is not blocked by the mechanical interlock, press

the close push-button (53.) or the corresponding control , (53.)
switch until the 3AH3 vacuum circuit-breaker closes and both 3AH3
indicates and signals this state. .

After closing (and, if applicable, releasing of the close

push-button (53.) the closing spring (62.) is immediately and ( (53.) ), (62.)
automatically recharged the "closing spring charged (55.) ,
and indication becomes visible once again. (55.).


The opening spring (64.) is charged during closing.

(64.) .
To trip the breaker press the open push-button (54.) or
corresponding control switch until the V-breaker trips and .
both indicates and signals this state. - 4/2 -

Operating Instruction Siemens 3AH4 / 3AH4


Safety measure

Maintenance, repair and subsequent conver- ,
sion work may be carried out only by specially .
trained personnel in accordance with the
operating instructions and/or special
conversion instructions. Training and
information sessions for personnel can be
provided by the competent Siemens
before starting any work on V-breakers, ,
reference must be made to the local safety , (DIN VDE 0105/07.83
regulations for high-voltage switchgear, e.g. 9 , 1 ).
the five safety rules (DIN VDE 0105/07.83 ( "
Part 1, item 9). Switch off the power supply " ),
and then close and open the V-breaker by .
hand ( V-breaker in open state "closing spring
discharged" indication visible), in order to

Ensure that the closing spring is discharged. .

Non-observation can result in death, severe
personal injure or substantial property


3AH4 vacuum circuit-breakers are designed for an 3AH4

extremely high number switching operations and, with . .
theis aim in view, are subjected to routine testing ,
based on special test methods. To make sure that they ( ,
retain their reliability throughout their service life, and ), , ,
with due regard to the operating conditions (see .
section on ambient temperature, humidity and load
capability), number of mechanical an electrical
operating cycles, and the operating time, we
recommend regular servicing in accordance with the
maintenance schedule below.

- 5/1 -

Operating Instruction Siemens 3AH4 / 3AH4

Maintenance schedule/

Sequence work/ Materials/ Frequency/ Remarks/


10,000 mech. Operating cycles

30,000 mech. Operating cycles

60,000 mech. Operating cycles




1. Circuit-breaker/
1.1 Clean insulating components Warm water, X See note 1)/ 1)
and breaker external parts household
/ detergent
Grease bearings and sliding X See Figs. 5/2 and 5/3/ 5/2 5/3
surfaces as shown in Figs.5/2 Isoflex Topas L32 Note 2/ 2)
switching operations/ Shell Tellus Oil 32 Note 3/ 3)
5/3 3 5

2. Breaker pole/ X As applicable, depending on the

Replace vacuum interrupters/ number of electrical operating
chapter on service life, page 5/5


3. Breaker operating mechanism/ Note 4/ 4)

3.1 Replace motor M1
3.2 Replace closing spring

3.3 Replace closing solenoid -Y9 X

3.4 Replace opening solenoid -Y1 X
3.5 Replace opening solenoid -Y2 X If present/
3.6 Replace undervoltage release Y7 X If present/
3.7 Replace auxiliary switch -S1 X
3.8 Replace position switch -S3 to S42 X Note 5/ 5)
-S3 S41

Examine and replace if necessary Note 6/ 6)

4.1 All electrical devices in the drive X

4.2 Check all cable connections for firm it X

Fig.5/1/ 5/1

1) If the 3AH4 vacuum circuit breaker is used in
1) 3AH4 ( ,
unfavourable indoor conditions (strong, frequent
), , ( )
moisture condition, dust-laden air etc.), we recommend
that the insulating parts and, if necessary, the external
breaker parts be regularly cleaned at frequent intervals.
2) Joints and bearings which can not be dismantled must
not be treated with a cleaning agent prior to
reapplication of anticorrosive.

Operating Instruction Siemens 3AH4 / 3AH4

3) Lubricants:
3) :
Bearing, sliding surface: , :
Isoflex Topas L32 Isoflex Topas L32
Klber- Lubrication KG Klber- Lubrication KG
Geisenhausener Strae 7 Geisenhausener Strae 7
Postfach 70 10 47 Postfach 70 10 47
81379 Munich 81379 Munich
Federal Republic of Germany Federal Republic of Germany

Bearings inaccessible to grease and bearings of the

auxiliary switch S1: S1 :
SHELL Tellus Oil 32
SHELL oil trade company GmbH SHELL Tellus Oil 32
Zitadellenstrae 5 SHELL oil trade company GmbH
P.O. Box 900915 Zitadellenstrae 5
21079 Humburg P.O. Box 900915
Federal Republic of Germany 21079 Humburg
Federal Republic of Germany

Lubricants (for special conditions) are available from the

Siemens agent responsible: ( )

Order No
180 g Klber-Isoflex topas L32 3AX1133-3A
and 50 g SHELL Tellus Oil 32 180 g Klber-Isoflex topas L32 3AX1133-3A
and 50 g SHELL Tellus Oil 32
180 g Klber-Isoflex topas L32 3AX1133-3H
180 g Klber-Isoflex topas L32 3AX1133-3H
50 g SHELL Tellus Oil 32 3AX1133-2G
50 g SHELL Tellus Oil 32 3AX1133-2G
1kg SHELL Tellus Oil 32 3AX1133-2D
1kg SHELL Tellus Oil 32 3AX1133-2D
1kg Klber-Isoflex Topas L32 3AX1133-3E
1kg Klber-Isoflex Topas L32 3AX1133-3E
4) The hardware elements used on all replaced parts must
also be renewed (spring washers, SL fuse, splints, etc.). 4) ( , )

An assortment of hardware elements are offered by

Siemens Representative Office.
Order number 3AY1550-0A 3AY1550-0A
5) The position switches must not be fitted too firmly;
the plunger must move freely. 5) , .
6) Replace only if necessary, e.g. if the switching time are
no longer complied with mechanical damage has 6) , .

Key to parts
a Crank pin for pushbutton
operating a
b Lever bearing
c Cam contour b
d ON latching c
e Diverting auxiliary switch d
f Auxiliary switch e
g Opening spring guide f
h Diverting auxiliary switch g
j Switching shaft bearing h
k OFF latching j
l Cam for OFF latching k
m Stop l
p Opening spring bearing m

Fig. 5/2 Isoflex Topas L32

. 5/2 Shell Tellus oil 32

Operating Instruction Siemens 3AH4 / 3AH4

- 5/3 -
Checking the contact system .
The contact system is subject to wear both by contact , (30.) (36.1)
erosion and by compression of the contact pieces and (13.9) .5/3. 3AH4
the guide bolts. To check the contact wear, the moving ,
terminal bolt (36.1) of the vacuum interrupter (30.) is .
provided with the check marking (13.9) Fig. 5/3. As
long as the marking is wholly or partly visible when the
3AH4 vacuum circuit-breaker is closed, the shortening
of the contacts is within the permissible range.

Fig.5/3 Check mark

Checking the vacuum

, .
. .
Such a check should be made if there is any risk of an
interrupter having developed a leak. Busbar and cable
connections must be split. The check is performed with
an HV test unit. If necessary, further information may
be obtained from the appropriate Siemens Regional

- 5/4 -

Operating Instruction Siemens 3AH4 / 3AH4

Service life of vacuum interrupter
The maximum permissible number of mechanical operating 30,000 .
cycles is 30,000. The permissible number of operating cycles .5/4.
as a function of the breaking current is shown in Fig.5/4. , .
When this permissible maximum has been attained, the .
interrupters must be renewed. Detailed instructions are
supplied with the replacement interrupters.

When ordering replacement interrupters or pole assemblies, / , ,

state the circuit-breaker type, design code and serial number ( ).
(see name plate).

Determination of the load characteristic number/

Rated voltage Rated short-circuit breaking current Load characteristic number at rated normal current

kV kA 1250A 2000A 2500A

24 40 - - 1
- - - -
36 31.5 2 2 2
40 3 3 3
operations n

Breaking current I (kA)

Fig.5/4 Permissible number of operating cycle as a function of breaking current In


Accessories and spare parts

A hand crank 3AX 1530-2B for charging the closing spring 3AX 1530-2B :
can be supplied as an accessory:

Owing to the fact that all parts of this breaker type have been ,
optimized to the last the normal service life, it is not possible ,
to recommend particular spare parts for keeping in stock. .

When ordering spare part state the following:

1. Type designation, design code and serial number of the :
3AH4 vacuum circuit-breaker (see rating plate) 1. 3AH4 , ( ).
2. The designation and part number, making reference to
illustrations in these operating instructions or to a
photograph or sketch as applicable. Alternatively, a 2. ,
sample may be submitted. , .


Operating Instruction Siemens 3AH4 / 3AH4

Published by the
Power Transmission and Distribution Group
Schaltwerk Berlin Schaltwerk
Translated by
Edition 1/March. 2001 1/03/2001
Subject to change

Order No. / : 3ZX1812-0AH40-0AN0 / 9229 9862 174 SLC PTD MC

Operating Instruction Siemens 3AH4 / 3AH4
Place of order / : SLC PTD MC ShangHai