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HELMET

Environment Health Safety

Volume - 4, Issue - 2 April - June 2014

L&T L.I.F.E
Living Injury Free Everyday
Focus
The new fiscal has dawned rich with
promise. Recognition and accolades
Contents
have poured in from several quarters,

18
including overseas, for our sustained
and continued commitment towards
EHS practices. ICs are enthusiastically
Rope suspended platform.....
exploring fresh avenues and strategies to

22
further enhance EHS performance and
germinating interesting new approaches Diesel safety........................
such as L&T - L.I.F.E, Safety Ladder and
the Nudge Theory which are expected to

31
breed a path-breaking EHS culture across
the organization. Risks of reversing................
In the contents spread, we have shown
why the Rope Suspended Platform is so
versatile, dwelt on why lifting is a critical
exercise with a piece on cranes, got into
L&T L.I.F.E........................... 44
47
the mind of the Project Manager of The
Address as to how he stewarded his team
to achieve 25 million man hours and much
Micro-tunneling..................
more

Happy reading!
Nudge theory...................... 65
Water - The elixir of life.......
68
Editor : Vinod Jacob Chacko

Associate Editor : Gopi Kannan. S

Editorial team : V. Ramesh Kumar


Ashwin Chand | Mayura. K
Shamala Vsn Nadendla

Content by : M. Kamarajan | P. Nagarajan


Md Quaisar Imam
Sathyanarayana Seelamanthula
Stephen Philip Storey
Murali Krishnan | P. V. Kaliappan
Nick Abalde | K. S. Sudheesh Kumar
Mathivanan Palaniappan
S. Anantha Prasanna Venkatesh

Photography : V. S. Natanavelu | R. Vijay Kumar

Design & layout : Global Print Design, Chennai


Come, be a part of the cultural
transformation
Dear Colleagues, of safety culture is inadequate/ inappropriate in meeting the
organizations expected safety performance, then the safety
All of us have heard the term cultural transformation off and
culture needs to be suitably modified through education,
on and, in fact, the Suraksha Jeet initiative was started with a
training and / or any other method. Which, in essence, is
primary purpose of bringing about a cultural transformation
the long and short of cultural transformation. It would be
in our organization. Many initiatives have been embarked
appropriate to first understand the current level of safety
upon under this initiative, all towards ushering in a positive
culture before we attempt to transform it. The following model
culture. Lets dwell on the word culture in this issue, examine
will help identify our current level of safety culture.
its relevance in todays context and its importance to help us
enhance our safety performance. The safety culture model of Hudson, presents five fundamental
levels of safety culture: viz - pathological, calculative, reactive,
The dictionary defines culture as the development or
proactive and generative and by understanding the typical
improvement of the mind by education or training or the
characteristics of each of these levels one can decide where
behaviour and belief characteristics of a particular social,
his/her workplace stands with reference to these five levels of
ethnic or age group. In our context, let us re-define culture
safety culture. Though this model was published in an earlier
as the beliefs, attitudes and behaviours of L&T employees
issue of Helmet, it is worth repeating, especially with the added
towards safety. If L&T, as a whole, feels that the present level
details about each level of safety culture.

Buildings & Factories HELMET, April - June 2014 3


1) Pathological level: People who will happen. Everybody in the towards the future rather than
belong to organizations at this organization believes strongly what happened in the past.
level can often be heard saying that safety has to be enforced / People ask themselves, Are we
who cares, as long as we are safety compliance has to be forced doing the right things, rather
not caught? They even add on employees but the bad news is than focusing on accidents?
our lawyers say it is okay to do that it is kept hidden and brushed Employees become more
things like these! or of course under the carpet. process oriented and their
we have accidents, but then it is ownership on procedures
3) Calculative level: In such
a dangerous business. Bad news increases. There is a very high
organisations, there is a system
will usually be ignored in such level of safety integration and
in place to manage hazards, there
an organization. Whistle-blowers all business decisions consider
are plenty of audits to study the
(those who expose problem areas) safety perspectives too.
system implementation and
will be shot at and silenced. New Managers are aware of hazards
the employees believe that
ideas will be actively discouraged and have clearly specified
they have cracked it. Managers
and if anybody reports accident(s), processes of communication
are often seen talking about
there will be serious tendency to and mitigation strategies
the importance of safety while
fire / blame the person and hence while workmen know what
safety advisors are chasing
nobody has either the motivation managers expect from them.
accident statistics to analyse
or the guts to report problems / There is lesser emphasis on
and learn lessons from it.
accidents. supervision/ bureaucracy/
Bad news is tolerated, but is
audits, workload decreases and
2) Reactive level: Although safety definitely unwelcome. Despite
accountability increases among
is important to an organization this, injuries still occur and
employees. People volunteer by
of this type, it is focused on only people are surprised as to why
saying you can count on me,
when there are major accidents! the system is not preventing
rather than being told they will
Employees in such organizations accidents.
be held accountable for safety
will keep saying you have
4) Proactive level: Organizations performance. Resources are
to consider the conditions
at this level of culture have made available to fix things,
under which we are working,
a genuine care for its people. before accidents can happen.
it is different here, hinting
Managers and leaders treat
(indirectly) that accidents cannot 5) Generative level: Such
safety as a value, not as a priority
be prevented! On the other hand, organizations are termed HRO
(which may change, depending
managers will say, if only they (all (High Reliability Organizations).
on situations / environment).
others except him / her) do what HSE is how they do business. They
These organizations look
they are supposed to, no accident know and strongly believe that

4 HELMET, April - June 2014 Buildings & Factories


good HSE performance will take them to better business method, which will result in better productivity as well.
performance. They set very high HSE targets and aim At this level, people need not be told why they need to
to exceed them. Employees here are brutally honest work safely, since they already know the importance of
about their failures because there are opportunities to working safely.
improve. While managers know exactly what happens
Employees at conscious incompetence stage have to be
at the workplace, since the workers are willing to tell
repeatedly told why they have to work safely (in addition
them, bad news is actively searched for and there is
to how they can work safely) so that they will try to move
a chronic unease, since all employees are actively
themselves up to the next stage of conscious competence.
searching for what can go wrong.
However, a totally different approach may have to be
Having understood the five levels of culture, we request taken for people who are at the first stage of unconscious
you to write to us stating the culture level existing in their incompetence. Managers have to find out what makes the
respective workplace. Understanding the current level of employees conclude that the best way to do the job in this
culture is crucial in deciding what approach should be workplace is to do it unsafely, thus allowing them to come to
adopted towards bringing about cultural transformation. the stage of unconscious incompetence.
If we do not understand our current level of safety
We seek your feedback and assure you that all your responses
culture, all our efforts towards changing it can only be
to this article shall be dealt with confidentially. Responses can
futile. To help you understand deeper, there is yet another
be sent to Mr. Gopi Kannan (gopikannan@lntecc.com). Your
perspective of our current level of safety culture! Observe
valuable responses will be summarized and used for formulating
the four pictures in this article.
future strategies to design cultural change initiatives. Of course,
Competence the key word here, which includes knowledge, the key insights of the analyses will be published in the next
skill and attitude/ behaviour of employees, is a critical issue.
requirement to establish and sustain a positive culture.
Last date for sending your responses is 31 st August. Late
Unconscious competence is the highest level of culture
responses may be sent to Mr. Kamarajan directly at
(people work safely as a second nature in other words,
(krajan@lntecc.com). The best entries with good explanations
they need not be told how and why they should work safety.
and appropriate comments will be rewarded. Come and be a
They know it and follow it instinctively.
part of revolutionising the EHS culture!
Employees will be able to reach that level of unconscious
competence, only when they perform at conscious
competence level for a considerable amount of time. At Kamarajan. M
this level, people are willing to learn and work safety - they The author is Head of EHS, Buildings & Factories
only need to be told how to work safely and the different Independent Company
ways of working safely, so that they can choose the best

Buildings & Factories HELMET, April - June 2014 5


Safety
of Honour
R o ll

Helmet congratulates the following sites for achieving


three million and more LTI free safe man-hours

40 Mumbai Airport Project


January 2013 to June 2014
13 River View PH II Project, Lucknow
March 2012 to June 2014

26 NISER Project , Bhubaneswar


September 2011 to June 2014 11 Godrej Garden City Ph I & II Project, Ahmedabad
November 2011 to June 2014

26 The Address - Wadhwa Housing Project, Ghatkopar


January 2010 to June 2014 11 Bengal NRI Housing Project, Kolkata
September 2013 to June 2014

23 Delhi One Project


December 2011 to June 2014 11 ESIC Hospital Project, Joka
November 2009 to June 2014

21 Rajashree cement plant Project, Malkhed


March 2011 to May 2014
10 CMRL Depot project, Koyambedu
December 2010 to June 2014
20 Prestige Bella Vista Project, Chennai
April 2012 to June 2014
10 Maruthi C Line Project, Manesar
October 2010 to June 2014
19 Cognizant Elcot IT Park Project, Sholinganallur
October 2012 to June 2014
10 AIIMS Project, Bhubaneswar
October 2011 to June 2014
17 Kohinoor Project, Mumbai
May 2009 to June 2014
9 TCS Customer Care Centre, Siruseri

16 Torrent Pharmaceuticals Project, Dahej


September 2011 to May 2014
April 2012 to June 2014

9 Lodha New Cuffe Parade Project, Wadala


15 ESIC Hospital Project, Kollam
April 2010 to May 2014
March 2012 to June 2014

15 MRO Boeing Project, Hyderabad 9 TCS IT SEZ project, Adibatla, Hyderabad


September 2012 to June 2014
March 2011 to May 2014

15 ITC Sonar Hotel Project, Kolkata 8 MSIL Proving Ground Project, Rohtak
July 2011 to June 2014
August 2009 to June 2014

14 IIT Phase I Project, Hyderabad


December 2012 to June 2014
8 Minerva Tower Project, Mumbai
July 2011 to June 2014

13 Godrej Garden City Ph-III project, Ahmedabad


July 2011 to June 2014
8 Omkar Rehab project, Bhoiwada
June 2011 to June 2014

13 ESIC Hospital Project, Coimbatore


March 2011 to June 2014 8 BMRCL R3 a Project, Bengaluru
January 2010 to June 2014

6 HELMET, April - June 2014 Buildings & Factories


8 Jaypee Orchards Project, Delhi
August 2012 to June 2014
5 PBEL City PH II Project, Hyderabad
August 2011 to June 2014

8 Water Edge PH I Project, Bengaluru


May 2012 to June 2014
5 Reliance Twin Tower Project, Mumbai
May 2013 to June 2014

7 Grasim VSF Unit Project, Ahmedabad


June 2013 to June 2014
5 Mall of India Project, Noida
September 2013 to June 2014

7 Agartala Medical College Project, Kolkata


April 2013 to June 2014
5 RG1 CAR PARK Project, Mumbai
February 2013 to June 2014

7 HCL Ph III Project, Noida


January 2013 to June 2014
4 Prestige Ferns Project, Bengaluru
March 2013 to June 2014

7 Lodha Fiorenza Project, Goregaon


August 2011 to June 2014
4 Cognizant Technologies Project, Cochin
September 2013 to June 2014

7 Olympia Grande Project, Chennai


June 2012 to June 2014
4 COD Project, Jabalpur
April 2012 to April 2014

7 DLF Maiden Heights Ph I Project, Bengaluru


November 2012 to June 2014
4 J K Cement Project, Delhi
August 2013 to May 2014

6 Honda Ph II Project, Delhi


April 2012 to June 2014
4 BARC Project, TROMBAY
June 2012 to June 2014

6 BMRCL R4 Project, Bengaluru


May 2009 to June 2014
4 Orient Cement Plant Project, Chittapur
May 2013 to June 2014

6 HCL Technologies Project, Chennai


March 2013 to June 2014
4 Vaishnavi Terraces Project, Bengaluru
November 2012 to June 2014

6 Ahuja Tower Project, Mumbai


November 2012 to June 2014
4 Shell NTCB Project, Bengaluru
January 2014 to June 2014

6 UP Awas Vikas Basement Project, Ghaziabad


August 2012 to June 2014
4 Seawoods PH II Project, Mumbai
December 2013 to June 2014

5 Omkar Worli Sales Project, Mumbai


December 2012 to June 2014
3 Godrej Garden City Ph 3C & 3D Project, Ahmedabad
June 2012 to June 2014

5 Airport Terminal building Project, Chandigarh


September 2013 to June 2014
3 MSIL R&D Labs Facility Project, Rohtak
September 2011 to June 2014

5 Sahara Star Hotel Project, Mumbai


April 2011 to May 2014
3 Godrej Palm Grove Project, Chennai
August 2013 to June 2014

5 Kingfisher Tower Project, Bengaluru


October 2011 to June 2014
3 Sargam Housing Project, Lucknow
March 2013 to June 2014

5 Planet SKS Project, Mangalore


October 2011 to June 2014
3 Reliance LDC Project, Mumbai
March 2013 to June 2014

5 Hill Crest Project, Bengaluru


July 2012 to June 2014
3 Provident Sunworth PH I Project, Bengaluru
May 2013 to June 2014

5 C-17 IAF Hindan Project, Ghaziabad


August 2012 to June 2014
3 Midlife Rehabilitation Workshop Project, Jhansi
December 2011 to June 2014

Buildings & Factories HELMET, April - June 2014 7


International / national standards
Understanding the high and low of cranes

This article continues publishing the excerpts of IS 13667


- Part 1 that deals with general Safety use of cranes Code
of practice. The previous issue of Helmet covered details on
selection of personnel, their duties and signals during material
handling. Let us now understand the types, selection, safety
factors and safety devices in cranes.

Types of cranes
yy Mobile Cranes
yy Lorry Loaders (Jib Type)
yy Tower Cranes
yy Derrick Cranes
yy Over Head/ Under hung Travelling Cranes
yy Goliath Cranes
yy High Pedestal and Portal Jib Dock side Cranes
yy Manually and Power Operated Light Cranes
yy Container Handling Cranes
yy Rail Mounted Low Carriage Cranes

Mobile cranes

Mobile cranes are versatile enough to move their wheels


or tracks while carrying loads (only under certain
circumstances) or may require stabilizers or outriggers to
lift design loads. This equipment consists of a jib mounted
on a designed chassis.

8 HELMET, April - June 2014 Buildings & Factories


Mobile crane

Larger mobile cranes may consist of fixed base, crawler tracks, rails or wheels Overhead/ under hung travelling
separate units that can be assembled or onto another structure. cranes
for jobs that demand operation from a
Derrick cranes Also called EOT (Electric Overhead
fixed base. Enhanced duties may call
Travelling) cranes, this equipment
for attachment of additional structural These cranes consist of a jib which is consists of a bridge girder(s) mounted
members and counterweights or by supported by ropes from a mast which on end carriages housing the long travel
mounting the mobile crane on a special in turn is supported either by guy ropes, wheels which travel along a gantry
base or track, or by a combination of stays or other means. track. The girders support a crab fitted
both.
with hoisting machinery along with a
Lorry loaders (jib type) hook, magnet or grab and traversing
machinery. The crab may support a
Lorry loaders consist of a jib crane fixed or slewing under hung jib or mast.
mounted on a load carrying vehicle The crane is normally operated from a
primarily intended for handling loads cabin either suspended from the main
on or off the vehicle to which it is girders or attached to the crab.
attached.
Goliath cranes
Tower cranes
These cranes, also known as gantry
The tower crane essentially consists of cranes, have a bridge girder or girders
a jib mounted at an elevated level on a mounted on vertical legs. The crane may
vertical tower with the jib being capable Lorry loader be fixed, rail-mounted or on steer able
of slewing through 360 degrees or more. wheels. The girders support a crab fitted
Tower cranes may be mounted on a with hoist and traversing motions. Such

Buildings & Factories HELMET, April - June 2014 9


types of cranes are normally operated
from an elevated cabin.

High pedestal and portal jib dockside


cranes

Specifically designed for the rapid


loading or unloading to / from ships,
and barges of general or break bulk
cargo, these cranes are usually mounted
near a quay edge on rails or in a fixed
position. The rails maybe at quay level
or elevated to facilitate the movement of
cargo and transport along the quay.

The elevated superstructure gives better


visibility for the driver and improved
clearance for the crane jib. Cranes of
this type are characterized by their high
hoisting, luffing and slewing speeds.

Manual / power operated light cranes

These are manual / power operated light Container handling crane


cranes that can either be complete units
or those from which the lifting appliance
can be removed. The jibs/runways/
tripods/shear legs maybe cantilevered,
horizontal, movable or fixed.

Container handling cranes

These cranes are specifically designed


for handling containers and incorporate
a purpose built spreader in their
construction. High pedestal jib crane Derrick crane

Rail mounted low carriage cranes

Equipped with a derricking jib with Selection of cranes


or without the capability of travelling
Selection of crane plays a vital role in completing the operation safely and
using their own power along with a
within the time frame. The following points need to be considered in the
suspended load, they are suitable for use
selection of cranes:
at locations such as docks, shipyards,
yy Weights, dimensions and characteristics of loads
sidings and factories where railway
tracks are readily available. yy Operational radii, speeds of various operations, heights of lifts and areas
of movement
Selection of cranes yy Number, frequency and types of lifting operations
yy Time for which the crane will be required or anticipated life expectancy
From understanding the various
for a permanently installed crane
types of cranes available, it is now
imperative that there needs to be a clear yy Site, ground and environmental conditions or restrictions arising from
understanding of the purpose of lifting the use of existing buildings
so as to select the right crane for the yy Space available for crane accesses, erection, travelling, operation &
right load/purpose. dismantling
yy Any special operational requirements or limitations imposed

10 HELMET, April - June 2014 Buildings & Factories


It happened; it can happen again; prevent it
What happened? What went wrong?

Investigation findings revealed the following:


A residential apartment project, consisting of many towers,
had reached the stage of structural completion and external yy Failure to control unauthorized work by the building
painting works were being carried out. Two painters who were in-charge
working in a hoist (Mast Climbing Work Platform - MCWP) yy Failure to communicate job specific hazards and control
on one of the faces of a tower came down at the end of the measures before starting work activities, which is one of
days work with a small quantity of paint left over in their paint the significant causes for many accidents
buckets. yy Lack of control by the respective sub-contractor over his
workmen
Their supervisor asked the workmen to use the remaining
paint in some other location. Since the hoist operator had yy Failure to comply with the permit to work system
already left the site, the workmen went up the stairs to reach established for carrying out work at higher elevations
13th floor and started painting the exterior of the tower using yy Failure to use safety harness
roller brushes attached with extended handles, overreaching
from one of the balconies. How to prevent it?
yy Entry control system shall be established by which
Even though, they had been provided with the recommended following can be ensured
PPE (Personal Protective Equipment Full Body Harness), the
No activity shall be carried out without the approval
workmen decided to work without using the PPE.
of the tower / block in-charge
While applying brush strokes to the wall, one of the No activity shall be carried out without preparing the
workmen fell to the ground level and sustained multiple safe to start card and workmen should be briefed
injuries. about the safe to start work card

(Note: Safe to start work is the system by which the site engineer
verifies whether the hazards at the workplace have been adequately
controlled or not and authorizes the workmen to start work. Based
on this card, they pre-brief the workmen before starting the activity)
yy Door with lock system should be provided at each floor
level entrance where work is completed or where the
permission/ authorization has not been given by the
concerned in-charge
yy All external plaster / painting work should be carried out
using MCWP, Rope Suspended Platform (RSP) or Scaffold
yy Refresher training programs should be carried out
frequently to sensitize the workmen about work at heights
and understand the importance of using PPE

The fact remains that in the construction industry, over 60% of


the workmen are unskilled / semi-skilled who are deployed in
tasks such as housekeeping, manual excavation, floor cleaning
and hence are prone to accidents when they are exposed
critical activities. Therefore, it is very important to educate
them on the hazards and control measures before embarking
on each and every activity as also closely monitoring them.
Disclaimer: Accident details published in this magazine are
collected from friendly sources, and being circulated with the only
objective of learning from the incidents and to take preventive
action. This does not represent incidents from any particular Making mistakes is not a crime. Not learning from
organization/site. them / repeating them is criminal.

Buildings & Factories HELMET, April - June 2014 11


Safety

TRAINING PROGRAMMES

Name / Subject Duration


No. of
Date of the Training Faculty Coordinator (days/ Cluster
Praticipants
Programme hours)

EHS Leadership Mr. M Kamarajan, Head EHS,


June 5, 2014 1 day 12 Ahmedabad
Program B&F IC

Construction Dr. Sanjai Kumar Srivastava,


May 8-9, 2014 2 days 42 Bangalore
Safety Program CEHSM, Bangalore Cluster

Construction Mr. R V Sudhakar, CEHSM,


April 16-17, 2014 2 days 23 Chennai
Safety Program Chennai Cluster

Construction Mr. KumudKumar Jha,CEHSM,


April 15-16, 2014 2 days 26 Delhi
Safety Program Delhi Cluster

Construction Mr. KumudKumar Jha, CEHSM,


May 15-16, 2014 2 days 35 Delhi
Safety Program Delhi Cluster
Competence
Mr. M Kamarajan, Head EHS,
April 24, 2014 Building 1 day 26 Delhi
B&F IC
Workshop

Construction Mr. Devendra Singh Gaur, CEHSM,


June 24-25, 2014 2 days 31 Gurgaon
Safety Program Gurgaon Cluster

EHS Leadership Mr. M Kamarajan, Head EHS,


April 3, 2014 1 day 16 Hyderabad
Program B&F IC
Competence
Mr. M Kamarajan, Head EHS,
April 4, 2014 Building 1 day 20 Hyderabad
B&F IC
Workshop

Construction Mr. G. Madhava Kumar, CEHSM,


April 10-11, 2014 2 days 16 Hyderabad
Safety Program Hyderabad Cluster

Construction Mr. A Srinivas Reddy, Sr. EHS


May 14-15, 2014 2 days 24 HMRP
Safety Program Manager, HMRP

Mr. V. Bhavani Shankar, CEHSM,


Construction
April 14-15, 2014 MBCL - CB&A & Mr. Hemant Kadu, 2 days 19 Mumbai
Safety Program
CEHSM, MBCL - RB&F
Mr. V. Bhavani Shankar, CEHSM,
Construction
May 16-17, 2014 MBCL - CB&A & Mr. Hemant Kadu, 2 days 17 Mumbai
Safety Program
CEHSM, MBCL - RB&F
Competence
Mr. M Kamarajan, Head EHS,
May 17, 2014 Building 1 day 14 Mumbai
B&F IC
Workshop
EHS Leadership Mr. M Kamarajan, Head EHS,
June 6, 2014 1 day 14 Mumbai
Program B&F IC

12 HELMET, April - June 2014 Buildings & Factories


Competence Building Workshop at
Delhi Cluster

Construction Safety Program at


Bengaluru Cluster

Construction Safety Program at


Mumbai Cluster

EHS Leadership Program at


Hyderabad Cluster

Buildings & Factories HELMET, April - June 2014 13


Enhancing soft skills
The art of attaching
This is a series of articles that provide tips on better utilization of various
software that we use normally in our day-to-day work-life. It deals with the
inclusion of different type of files in PowerPoint presentations.

Step 1

While preparing a PowerPoint


presentation, you may have come
Step 2
across a situation when you need to You will notice that a new Window
add additional information in the slide called Insert Object appears on the
without cluttering it. In such situations, screen. In this new window, there are
you have the option of including the two options, either to create a new file
information, in an unobtrusive manner, as an embedded object in the slide itself
as a link to another file such as Word, or to create an object from an existing
Excel, PowerPoint or as an Image file. file (browse from the system) using the
Though this sounds simple, it is not radio button.
without its limitations. The major
drawback being that one has to carry the For creating a new file
linking file along with the presentation.
Click on the Create new radio button,
If the file is missed in the presentation
check the box that says Display as
folder, the hyperlink will not work. This
icon and then select the type of object
article is intended to help you embed
that you want to create from the list.
files in the presentation, without having
In this illustration, let us create a word
to use the hyperlink option.
document. The change icon may be
used for changing the name and icon of
Step 1 the file which is going to be displayed in
the presentation.
Open the PowerPoint slide in which
you have to insert an embedded object For selecting an existing file
and click on the Insert Tab followed by
Text group click on the Object icon. Click on the Create from file radio

14 HELMET, April - June 2014 Buildings & Factories


Step 2: For creating a new file

button and click the Browse option for selecting the file.
Then, repeat the above procedure that checks the box and says
Display as icon and then select the type of object that you
want to create from the window list. In this case let us use an
excel format for the purpose of embedding the file.

Modifying the name and colour of the embedded object

Using the option Change icon, you may select the icon for
your embedded object and provide a name of your choice.

Now, your embedded object would is created. Using the


formatting object, you may now provide colour or modify the
line of your embedded object.

Step 2: For selecting an existing file

Buildings & Factories HELMET, April - June 2014 15


Step 2: Modifying the name and colour of the embedded object

Step 3 Step 3
You can now see that the Embedded
Object icon has been inserted into
the slide and if you want to open the
document, simply double click on the
icon.

In most of the cases, people would


proceed until this level without much
difficulty. Although the file opens when
double-clicked, it will not appear as a
clickable link when in the slide show
mode. This is a common problem many
face. In order to access the file, one is
forced to exit from the slide show
mode and then double-click on the icon.

However, the following simple procedure


will help to open the file by clicking on
the icon while in the slide show mode
also. Click once on the embedded object.
Now, you will find an option called
action under the Insert tab links group
enabled. When you click on the action
button, the following window will open.
Now, select the Object Action as edit
under mouse click tab and click OK.

Your embedded object is now ready. You


can just open/view/edit the attached file
from the slideshow mode itself.

We welcome your suggestions, queries and feedback. Please email to :


gopikannan@lntecc.com or ngfernandez@lntecc.com

16 HELMET, April - June 2014 Buildings & Factories


Three golds for Buildings & Factories!
The Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents (RoSPA) has
adjudged the prestigious RoSPA Gold Award for Occupational
Health & Safety to three projects of Buildings & Factories
Independent Company for the year 2014.

Details of award-winning projects are:

Sl. No. Name of Project Business Unit Project Manager EHS Incharge Award

Mr. Sankara
CMRL Project, Mr. Hari Prasad
1 IT & IS Subramanian Ts Gold
Chennai Goddati
Manian
MSIL Proving Mr. Chunduru
2 Factories Mr. Jesus T Daniel Gold
Ground at Rohtak Rajendra Prasad
Minerva Tower Mr. Palwinder Mr. NasirHussian
3 Elite Housing Gold
Project, Mumbai Singh Khan

Mr. Errol Taylor, RoSPA Deputy Chief Executive presenting the award to Mr. Mr. Errol Taylor, RoSPA Deputy Chief Executive presenting the award to Mr.
Palwinder Singh, Project Manager, Minerva Project NasirHussian Khan, EHS Manager, Minerva Project

The awards are given in recognition of efforts to develop and implement


highly effective Environment, Health & Safety (EHS) systems &
procedures and achieve outstanding performance in construction
projects across the country.

The Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents is a registered charity


and has been at the heart of accident prevention in the UK and around
the world for more than 90 years. The awards were presented on May
15, 2014 at Birmingham, United Kingdom.

Buildings & Factories HELMET, April - June 2014 17


Know your equipment!

Components
1) Suspension mechanism or roof support devices
2) Counter weights
3) Cradle
4) Hoist motors with gear box
5) Control panel
6) Working wire rope
7) Safety wire rope
8) Safety device

Rope suspended platform How does it work?


Finishing works in a construction project is like the icing Suspension mechanism or roof support devices of RSP
on a cake! Considered very daunting, this task involves are installed on an elevated rigid structure/floor with
massive scaffolds that can hamper site logistics (movement counter weights. Working wire rope and safety wire
of vehicles/ men). With the advent of newer technologies, rope are suspended up to the ground level through the
however, mechanization has helped reduce such hurdles rope guides in the suspension mechanism. The working
with innovative equipment such as the Rope Suspended wire rope is fixed into the hoist motor gear box while the
Platform (RSP). safety wire rope is fixed into the safety device through
the cradle and the lower end of both wire ropes are tied
Being an enabling equipment that offers vertical access to
to heavy hammers (dead weights) 100 mm above the
external surfaces of building/structures, the RSP is generally
ground.
used for external walls finishing, painting, faade, cleaning
and renovation works. RSP is by far safer, more productive When the up button on the control panel is pressed,
and cost effective when compared to the traditional access both the hoist units will start climbing onto the working
scaffolds.

18 HELMET, April - June 2014 Buildings & Factories


Safety Device Safety Device Top limit switch Overload relay

wire ropes taking the cradle with them; similarly when Overload limit switch
the down button is pressed, both the hoist units will
The limit switch prevents over loading of the cradle by sounding
crawl down on the working wire rope bringing the cradle
an alarm to the operator. The Over load limit switch is a recent
to the ground.
development and is available only in recently procured RSPs.
During ascent or descent, due to the asymmetric
Overload relay
rotation of the motors if the cradle inclination increases
a predefined angle (say more than 300), a safety device Overload relay is provided to ensure the safety of electric hoist
will get activated and the cradle will stop. To rectify the motors which will trip the power supply whenever the motor
situation, one of the motors has to be selected through draws excess current.
the selector switch on the control panel, and by
Centrifugal speed limiter
operating that motor up or down, the cradle can be
brought to 0 deg. In case of a power failure to the drive The centrifugal speed limiter restricts the platform movement
motors, the cradle can be brought to the ground level beyond the specified speed of 15m/min and avoids free fall in
manually by releasing the motor brakes simultaneously the case of brake failures.
inch by inch. Electromagnetic brake with manual release

Devices that deliver The hoist motor is provided with an electromagnetic brake as
a primary holding device. A manual release mechanism helps
Safety Device the operator to lower the cradle to the ground level in case of
a power failure.
The safety device is fixed on either ends of the cradle through
which the safety wire rope passes and helps stop the movement
of the cradle whenever inclination of the cradle exceeds 400.
Installation
The device also prevents free fall of the cradle if the working In case the RSP has to be installed on a parapet wall, it should
wire rope snaps. be ensured that the parapet is of RCC with double layer rebar
and should be at least 200 mm wide.
Over hoist /top limit switch
The amount of counter weights required varies based on the
The limit switch prevents the overrun of the cradle and thereby
distance from the front to the rear leg which is indicated in a
hitting the suspension mechanism.
reference chart that is usually provided by the manufacturer.

Overload limit switch

Buildings & Factories HELMET, April - June 2014 19


Do's
yy Independent fall arrest arrangement should be provided for all workmen so that they can hook their harness to it.
The number of fall arrestors should be equal to the number of workmen on the platform
yy The authorised operator should be identified and his picture should be displayed on the RSP
yy The control panel should have an emergency switch with lock and key
yy The load should be equally distributed on all the panels of the platform. Safe working load per panel should be
displayed
yy Overhead protection should be provided. Protection should be movable upwards (pivoting on rear side, so that the
protection moves upwards and will not cause injury to workmen in case the cradle has a free-fall)
yy Workmen/staff inside the platform should always wear safety harnesses and the lifeline should be hooked to the
fall arrestor
yy The suspension mechanism/roof supporting device should be assembled properly, as per the recommendation of
the manufacturer
yy The wire rope U-clamp should be properly fastened
yy The reinforcement rope should be clamped properly
yy The turn buckle should be adequately tightened
yy The Hammer weight or dead weight should be clamped with the safety wire rope
yy The safety lock, limit switch, limit switch stopper and emergency switch should be checked for proper functioning
before beginning the operation
yy Third party inspection is mandatory if the suspension mechanism of RSP is dismantled and erected at a different
location on the roof

Donts
yy Unskilled / untrained workmen should never be
employed for the installation or operation of RSP

yy The limit switch, wire rope, turn buckle and


counter weights should not be disturbed

yy RSPs should not be used like a passenger hoist /


material hoist for frequent movement/shifting of
material or men. It is to be used only as access
equipment for finishing works

yy Dont repair the safety device. It should be


replaced

yy Don't allow persons to stand or material to be


loaded in one platform section alone. Ensure
uniform load is distributed across the platform
sections

yy Dont use RSP near high tension electric cables

yy Dont use RSP when wind speed is above


35-40 kmph
Electromagnetic brake with manual release

20 HELMET, April - June 2014 Buildings & Factories


Installation

TO RSP

C - CLAMP 200mm
WIDE AND DEEP
10mm THK. PLATE
WITH 12 DIA. BOLTS

PARAPET WALL

TERRACE SLAB

Centrifugal speed limiter

Installation checkpoints Daily checkpoints


1. CMPC approval for structural stability of the location 1. Condition of structure
2. Condition of structure 2. Proper fixing of anchor fasteners ( for wall
3. Proper fixing of anchor fasteners (for wall mounted RSPs)
mounted RSPs) 3. Availability of reqd. no. counter wt per leg and
their locking arrangement
4. Total no. of counter weights per leg
4. Horizontal outreach of out rigger as per OEM
5. Max. horizontal outreach of out rigger
5. Wire rope condition
6. Max. vertical outreach of out rigger
6. Over load limit switch
7. Max. permissible working height
7. Cradle anti tilt limit switch
8. Max. load capacity / no of people permissible 8. Over hoist limit switch
9. Size of platform in present location 9. Centrifugal brake
10. Travelling speed 10. Manual lowering
11. Wire rope specs and condition 11. Condition of fall arrestor and rope
12. Over load limit switch 12. Functioning of SWL display

13. Cradle anti tilt limit switch 13. Lock & key for operation panel
14. Availability of trained operator
14. Over hoist limit switch
15. Centrifugal brake
For any clarifications, queries and feedback related
16. Manual lowering
to the above article, you may please write to
17. No. of fall arrestors available gopikannan@lntecc.com or ngfernandez@lntecc.com.
18. Functioning of SWL display
19. Lock & key for operation panel
Vishnuvardhan
20. Availability of trained operator
The author is P&M TSC Co-ordinator West Zone,
Buildings & Factories Independent Company

Buildings & Factories HELMET, April - June 2014 21


Diesel
SAFETY

Diesel is a liquid fuel used in internal combustion engines. It is produced from


the fractional distillation of crude oil between 200C (392F) and 350C
(662F) at atmospheric pressure. The quality of the diesel fuel is measured
by its cetane number. A higher cetane number indicates that the fuel ignites
more readily when sprayed into hot compressed air.

Diesel-powered cars generally have a better fuel


economy than equivalent gasoline engines and
produce less greenhouse gas (GHG) emission
which is due to the higher energy per-liter
content of diesel fuel and the intrinsic efficiency
of the diesel engine. Petro diesel, due to its high
density, results in higher GHG emissions per liter
compared to gasoline.

22 HELMET, April - June 2014 Buildings & Factories


Environmental considerations
High levels of sulfur in diesel are harmful to the environment
as they use more advanced technologies, such as nitrogen
oxide (NOx) adsorbers, to reduce emissions. Moreover, sulfur
in the fuel is oxidized during combustion, producing sulfur
dioxide and sulfur trioxide. Further, in the presence of water
they rapidly convert to sulfuric acid which results in acid rain.
However, the process for lowering sulfur also reduces the
lubricity of the fuel, and hence a lubricant needs to be added.

Color & odor of diesel


Diesel is yellow / brown. Low sulphur diesel fuels are colorless
to light yellow. Regular sulphur diesel fuels may be colorless to
yellow / brown and are usually dyed red for taxation purposes.
Odor of diesel is similar to Gasoline i.e. sweet, ether like.

Toxicology of diesel
The acute toxicity values of diesel are: oral LD50Rat 490 mg/kg,
Dermal LD50 Rat >2500mg/kg, Inhalation LC50 Rat >340mg/
UN numbers or UN IDs m3 1h. The carcinogenic effect, as per ACGIH, is A3, which
means that it is confirmed as an animal carcinogen with
unknown relevance to humans.
Four digit UN numbers identify hazardous
substances (such as explosives, flammable liquids,
toxic substance, etc.). UN numbers range from
Flash point and auto ignition point of
UN0001 to about UN3506 and are assigned by the diesel
UN Committee of Experts on the Transport of
In diesel engines, there is no ignition source (such as spark
Dangerous Goods.
plugs in gasoline engine), so diesel must have a high flash
point and low auto ignition temperature. The flash point is >52
Class 1 Explosives
C (126 F) and auto ignition temperature is 256 C (493*F).

Class 2 Gases
Case study
Class 3 Flammable liquids On October 30th, 2013 a luxury bus hit a culvert and caught
fire. It was found that the design of the bus was faulty, with
Class 4 Flammable Solids
the 300 liter main fuel tank between two front tires and two
supplementary fuel tanks behind the front tires.
Class 5 Oxidizing Substances and
Organic Peroxides As diesel has a high flash point, it got flashed immediately once
the tank hit the culvert and the bus was soon up in flames. The
Class 6 Toxic and Infectious Substances tanks burned as they were made of hard poly carbonate, the
floor got fire as it was made of plywood instead of steel and
Class 7 Radioactive Materials the seats burned as they were made of a highly inflammable
material. This has of course been subsequently contested by
Class 8 Corrosive Substances the vehicle manufacturer.

Class 9 Miscellaneous Ms. K Subhashini


The author is Sr. EHS Engineer, Buildings & Factories
Independent Company

Buildings & Factories HELMET, April - June 2014 23


B&F IC bags three safety awards from
National Safety Council (NSC) India
Buildings & Factories Independent Company of Larsen & Toubro Limited, has bagged THREE Safety Awards from the National
Safety Council India (NSCI)under the Construction Awards Scheme 2013 in various categories.

The details of award winnings projects are:

Sl No Name of the project BU Project Manager EHS Incharge Level of award

Shreshtha Suraksha Puraskar


1. TCS Project, Kochi IT&IS Mr. E. Arul Mr. M.R. Das (2nd Level Award - Silver
Trophy)
Godrej Garden City PH3 Affordable & Prashansa Patra (4th Level
2. Mr. G. Suresh Mr. Shailesh Patel
Project, Ahmedabad Mass Housing award)
The Address Wadhwa Prashansa Patra (4th Level
3. Elite Housing Mr. P. Dhananjaya Mr. IHL Kingston
Project, Mumbai award)

Stringent evaluation process is adopted such as verification of the data provided in the application through the Client
Organizationand presentation before the Awards Committee by senior representatives of the top short-listed contenders.

The following projects have received certificate of appreciation,


yy CMRL Koyambedu Depot Project, Chennai
yy HCL Sholinganallur, Chennai
yy DLF-MICO Project, Chennai
yy Renault Nissan Project, Chennai
yy Mall of India Project, Noida
yy SNU Project, Dadri
yy DIAL ATC Tower Project
yy MSIL Proving Ground Project, Rohtak
yy Century Textile Cement plant Project, Manikgarh
yy UTCL Rajashree Cement Plant Line 4 Project, Malkhed
yy ITC - Sonar Hotel Project, Kolkata
yy Ahuja Tower Project, Mumbai
yy Wadhwa BKC Project, Mumbai

These projects are awarded in recognition of excellent implementation of environment,


health & safety (EHS) systems and procedures.

National Safety Council (NSC) is a tripartite body set up by Ministry of labour, Govt of India
in 1966 constituting members from employees, employers & government.

24 HELMET, April - June 2014 Buildings & Factories


Wadhwa The hi-rise in safe
million man hours!
25 and going strong is what work. And for a person who has worked
Mr. P. Dhananjaya, Project Manager, of all along in IT projects, it was the first
The Address Wadhwa, articulates as he residential project and hence thinking
shakes hands with the editorial team out of the box came naturally to me.
of Helmet. That he is very methodical To begin with, we implemented in just
in his approach is reflected in his one tower a method of external bracket
neatly organized cabin that has an and enveloping the entire tower using a
open door that bespeaks another trait safety net. Since it seemed to work very
of his easily approachable to those well and the workmen felt safer, it was
who need him. soon replicated in other towers also.
Such innovations were implemented
It is not every day that a hi-rise building
for the first time in the Address project
project spread across many acres and
and hence it became a model site that
consisting of several towers clocks 25
attracted visits from many prospective
million LTI free safe man hours. The
clients which also kept the team
editorial team of Helmet was excited to
motivated to aim at higher levels of
understand what lay behind this great
achievement.
achievement and decided to chat with
the steward who had spearheaded this
brilliant team feat!
Cost implications
When it comes to EHS, I feel that
The seeds of safety cost should never be a limitation.
The necessity of creating a safe work
When it comes I joined L&T in 1995 with the ITPL
culture should be done at any cost and
Bangalore project and later moved
to EHS, I feel on to Hitech City, Hyderabad. Both
an ideal project manager, as a leader,
is responsible to develop and sustain
that cost should these were landmark projects that laid
the EHS trend in a desired manner. For
a great emphasis on a positive EHS
never be a culture. Following this, project exposure
instance, we had shifted to a temporary
office at the project site for a very short
limitation in other significant projects such as
period and there was limited approach
RPL Jamnagar gave me an excellent
Mr. P. Dhananjaya, to the office. There was a general
Project Manager, opportunity to implement and practice
feeling that pedestal supports and
The Address Wadhwa a good EHS culture.
overhead covers need not be put up.
I would say that safety essentially starts But, as a project leader, I felt that the
with an attitude. Once this attitude is safety of people approaching the office
cultivated among people by inculcating was more important and implemented
discipline, it can be nurtured through the safety systems without any second
motivation. thoughts.

Out of the box practices Donning the EHS hat


For me, every project is unique. In the Every meeting used to begin with
case of The Address, it was a long drawn discussions on EHS and there were
project that involved major scope of regular sun-rise meetings at some

Buildings & Factories HELMET, April - June 2014 25


point at the project site and, similarly,
sun-set meetings too. During the
regular site visits, I refused to move
from the spot if I found a hazard or
unacceptable practice that was not
as per the norms and standards. Of
course, I also got involved in certain
EHS campaigns, for instance, project
EHS committee walk-down, chairing
the EHS meetings, daily safety pledges
and tool box meetings to display my
commitment towards EHS.

Progress Vs safety
conformance
A lot of planning happens on a
monthly basis for every aspect of the
project and certainly EHS is given its
due consideration. Several attributes
are discussed during such meetings.
For instance, in one particular case
I have even informed a construction
manager who was not very aligned
to the accepted standards of EHS
to forget about progress and start
performing on EHS to be allowed to
go any further.

Positive EHS culture


My weekly walk-downs did send out
the right signals on my commitment
towards safety. The presence of the
entire hierarchy of the staff and
workmen at the spot helped improve
safety and sensitize the team on global
safety aspects. The safety meetings did
go a long way in inculcating culture
among the staff, who in-turn spread it
down the line.

A project team can usually be divided


into three segments of 30 % each.
While the first segment is intrinsically
safety conscious, the second segment
needs to be guided for compliance.
There is also the third segment
which, despite given guidance keeps
deviating and thereby arises the need
for implementing punishments. So in a

26 HELMET, April - June 2014 Buildings & Factories


project management scenario, a mix of
Retention and training
carrot and stick theory works best.
of workmen
Key contributors to a Health and hygiene were the first steps
positive EHS culture that were made mandatory at the site
for which a full time doctor initially
The key contributors for developing
screened the workmen. Following this
a positive EHS culture include
stage, engineers and trade specific
adoption of EHS best practices such
experts screen them to ensure that only
as those followed in other projects
the best get through. Following this, an
and international best practices:
induction is held which is followed by
the implementation of 'safe to start
trade specific training.
work' card system; EHS improvement
slip; raising the awareness among
Access control system
workmen on EHS which improves
upward communication; method Being located across several acres and
statement/risk assessment for all involving many towers, controlling
the activities; competency training access was a great challenge, especially
and assessment; daily safety with multiple agencies working at
pledge; effective tool box talks; the same site. In the Address project
comprehensive audit system; safety however, biometric access systems
walkthroughs and safety campaigns. were installed to control access and

Buildings & Factories HELMET, April - June 2014 27


prevent unauthorized entry thereby innovate and implement global EHS
improving compliance towards access practices.
control.
Taking EHS to the next
Near miss reporting level
There was an integral culture among
The young and dynamic team at
the project team to immediately report
this project will soon be leaders and
near misses because we all understand
project managers in the future. With
that such a system can go a long way
this background of EHS culture, the
in preventing possible future potential
upcoming generation should be able
accidents. Investigations were carried
to easily surpass the current levels
out systematically using the latest
and aim at reaching zero incidents
analysis techniques to ensure that no
with impeccable systems and
relevant data was missed out.
mechanization processes.

Interface issues due to


external agencies
Interviewed by
L&T is looked upon as a leader in
setting EHS trends. With this added Gopi Kannan. S
responsibility on our shoulders, L&Ts N. Gabrial Fernandez
EHS team was highly motivated to

28 HELMET, April - June 2014 Buildings & Factories


Safety
of Honour
R o ll

Helmet congratulates the following sites for achieving


three million and more LTI free safe man-hours

31 Beawar Pali Pindwara Road Project


December 2011 to May 2014
5 Bharuch - Dahej RC Project
June 2009 to May 2014

17 Krishnagiri Walajah Road Project


December 2011 to May 2014
4 10MTPA Rail Siding, TATA JSR Project
July 2009 to May 2014

12 Kandla Mundra Road Project


April 2011 to May 2014
3 Ariyalur Valadi RC Project
December 2010 to May 2014

9 Samakhiali Gandhidham Road Project


October 2012 to May 2014
3 CMRL ballast less track work project
February 2011 to May 2014

6 Panskura - Kharagpur RC Project


September 2009 to May 2014
3 Delhi Agra Road Project
October 2012 to May 2014

6 Ganjbasoda - Sanchi RC Project


March 2010 to May 2014

Online monitoring system for lifting


tools and tackles
The roads, runways and elevated corridor business unit
has launched an online monitoring system for lifting tools
and tackles that comes as a new initiative to enhance EHS
compliance at project sites. Mr. D. K. Sen, Senior VP & Head TI
IC and Mr. K. V. Praveen, VP & Head RR & EC BU launched this
online system in the presence of Mr. M K Mahanta - EHS Head
RR & EC BU on 28th April 2014. This online system, developed in
EIP Vidhya, would serve as an excellent platform for deriving
the safety status of lifting tools and tackles at project sites,
which is also a statutory requirement for EHS compliance.

Transportation Infrastructure HELMET, April - June 2014 29


Faridabad campus hosts railway SBG
EHS conference

A two day conference for EHS personnel from project sites


was organized at Railway SBG HQ, Faridabad on 21st& 22nd
April 2014. The program was inaugurated by Mr. D. K. Sen,
Sr. V P & Head - Transportation Infrastructure IC, in presence
of Mr. Rajeev Jyoti, Chief Executive- Railway Business,
Mr. P. John Rajkumar, V P & Head - Railway Construction
BU, Mr. Alok. C. Sharma, Head EHS - Railway Business,
Mr. D. K. Nanda, Segment Head- Railway Construction BU,
Mr. V. Mohanasundarm, Segment Head - Railway Systems BU
and other senior colleagues of railway SBG. The workshop
covered significant areas of EHS that included best practices
and safety performance & achievement. Specific training
programs such as behavior based safety, EHS legal requirement
and railway construction safety were also covered apart from
safety thrust areas for the year 2014-15 which is expected to
greatly enhance the overall safety performance. Mr. D. K. Sen, Sr. V P & Head - TI IC addressing the gathering at the two day
conference

30 HELMET, April - June 2014 Transportation Infrastructure


Reduce the risks of reversing
Reversing a vehicle is both a science and
an art and needs not only precision but
also forethought, perhaps precisely why
several of the drivers inadvertently get
into avoidable incidents while doing so.
But when armed with the right sense
of reversing, these people can enhance
safety standards considerably.

It is a point to ponder that most of


incidents that occur in the construction
industry are due to vehicles and,
more often than not, when reversing.
Negligent reversing of vehicles results
in not only injury to humans, but also Regularly check the reversing alarm
damage to vehicles and equipment.
and reversing lamps
While this fact remains demoralizing,
what is heartening is that many of these
incidents can be avoided. Read on to
understand and help others understand Making a mark yy He will need to stand in a safe
how to reduce the risks involved in
position, from which to guide the
reversing. The reversing areas, if completely
reversing vehicle without being in
unavoidable, need to be clearly marked
Plan ahead its way
and made visible to the drivers.
yy He should wear very visible
It makes better sense to always plan Signalman support clothing, such as safety reflective
ahead and drive into the project area in
jackets, and ensure that his signals
such as manner so as to avoid reversing Project sites can also consider employing
are clearly seen.
wherever possible. It also becomes the a trained signalman / banks man, to keep
yy He should maintain eye contact
responsibility of the project planning the reversing area free from pedestrians
with drivers / operators at all times.
personnel to plan the project site in such and to guide drivers. While employing
a manner as to avoid the need reversing such signalmen, it is important to note Precaution is certainly better than
as far as possible. that: cure
yy The signalman / banks man must
not perform any other task or There are many aspects which may
activity while undertaking these act as precaution that can deter the
duties possibility of incidents while reversing.
The first and foremost being speed. It
yy A clear, fixed system of signaling is
is always better to reverse the vehicle
required
at extremely low speed. People who
do not need to be in reversing areas
should be kept clear from the area with
the help of signalman / banks man.
Drivers should be instructed that if
they lose sight of the signalman they
should stop the vehicle immediately
and always obey the signalman / banks
man. Most importantly, the site layouts

Transportation Infrastructure HELMET, April - June 2014 31


can be deliberately modified by increasing the area allowed for
reversing which will reduce the risk caused by blind spots.

Vehicles should be fitted with reversing alarms and it is also


important that the external side-mounted and rear-view
mirrors be kept clean and in good condition. The reversing
camera, if any, should be in operational condition with
reversing alarms fitted.

Specific tips for safe reversing


yy Where vehicles need to reverse up to structures / edges
of excavation areas, it is mandatory to provide barriers /
wheel stops / wedges to warn drivers when and where
they need to stop.
yy In case of simultaneous operations SIMOP risk yy It is important that drivers / operators do not use mobile
assessment needs to be prepared and all control measures phones, music players or any other devices while driving
be implemented and monitored. / operating the equipment. Gadgets that could distract
yy Defensive driving training should be imparted to all the attention of drivers / operators should be strictly
drivers and re-training conducted periodically. prohibited at work site.
yy Display of different case study / awareness posters on M K Mahanta
reversing incidents using different languages should be The author is Head - EHS Road, Runways & Elevated corridors,
displayed at vantage points of the project sites. Transportation Infrastructure Independent Company

Focussing on behaviour based safety


Behaviour Based Safety (BBS) as an application of behaviour science research has proved that more than 90% of accidents at the
work place are triggered by unsafe human behaviour which is also OHSAS 18001 compliance. The top management has identified
BBS as a proper tool for targeting ZERO incidents
at the sites and hence increased the focus on BBS
targeted and structured training programmes.

The BBS project is now an initiative to observe and


correct unsafe behaviour at the workplace and
has been launched recently at Ahmedabad Cluster
of TIIC. The programme had an external faculty
Mr. K. G. Vardarajan, safety expert who provided
excellent insights on the subject. Inaugurated by
Mr. Vivek Singh, Chief Project Officer, KMRP, the
programme was coordinated by Mr. A. Chandra
Sekhara Rao,Cluster EHS In-charge. About 22
staff members participated in the very beneficial
programme and committed to work towards
the transformation of BBS culture by adopting
proactive steps to ensure safe behaviour of
workmen at work sites.

32 HELMET, April - June 2014 Transportation Infrastructure


International accolades

TI IC has bagged the prestigious International Safety Awards for


five Projects from British Safety Council UK for the year 2014.

Name of the Project Cluster Project Manager EHS Incharge

Krishnagiri Walajahpet Road


Chennai Mr. J Jeeva David Mr. P.K.Behera
Project

Samakhiali Gandhidham
Ahmedabad Mr. Suneel Joshi Mr. S C C Pattnaik
Road Project

Kandla Mundra Road Project Ahmedabad Mr. Vivek Singh Mr. J S Prasad

CMRL Ballastless Track Work


Chennai Mr. S.Sundar Mr. R.Mohan
Project

Rahuri-Daund Railway
Mumbai Mr. Santosh Kumar Chauhan Mr. D.Jaganathan
Electrification Project

British Safety Council, a registered charity period, leadership commitment and effective
is one of the worlds leading professional implementation of EHS Management
bodies in Occupational Health, Safety & Systems including risk assessment, EHS
Environment (OHSE). The key areas of performance monitoring system and EHS
evaluation include significant continual objectives. The projects have been honored
improvement achieved during the award under the merit and pass category.

Transportation Infrastructure HELMET, April - June 2014 33


Mr. R.Prabakaran, Dy. Project Director,
Bathina express highway Oman LLC
receives the award during a function which
was held at UK on 25th April 2014

Mr. S.Sundar, Project Manager, CMRL Track


work, LLC receives the award during a
function held at UK on 25th April 2014

34 HELMET, April - June 2014 Transportation Infrastructure


Safety

TRAINING PROGRAMMES

Training Faculty No. of


Date Duration Location
Program coordinator participants
Mr. P K Singh,
Scaffold
February 3rd - Mr. N. S. Pawar,
Competence 30 4 Days CSTI - Panvel
6th 2014 Mr. Sawant
Building Program
Mr. Dnyaneshwar B.
Railway
Mr. Alok Sharma
April 9th , 2014 construction safety 40 01 Day Sanchi
Mr. Rajesh V.S
training program
Safety
th
M/s Bosch (External
April 11 , 2014 Demonstration on 36 03 hrs SGRP- Varsana
agencies)
hand held tools
Safety
th
M/s Bosch (External
April 11 , 2014 Demonstration on 30 03 hrs KMRP- Veedi
agency)
hand held tools
Safety
Demonstration M/s Messer (External
May 16th , 2014 33 01 Day SGRP Varsana
on Gas cutting & agency)
welding activities
EHS leadership
May 29th , 2014 Mr. M K Mahanta 20 01 Day KIAL - Kannur
training program
EHS leadership
May 30th , 2014 Mr. M K Mahanta 15 01 Day KWRP - Vellore
training program

EHS leadership training program - KWRP EHS leadership training program - KIAL

Transportation Infrastructure HELMET, April - June 2014 35


Are LPG cylinders a ticking bomb?
There seems to be an ironical pattern
to most of the LPG related accidents
because they are all invariably incidents
that could have been averted simply
by adhering to some simple safety
guidelines. Perhaps what does not get
to the attention of the media is the gross
negligence of people who, in their hurry,
forget to adhere to the minimum safety
precautions for their own good. The
imperative question is therefore, are
LPG cylinders, a ticking bomb?

If you are only scanning for a quick


answer, then the answer is NO but
dont you want to find out why? While
there is no refuting the fact that there are
inherent dangers, simple precautionary
steps can certainly prevent untoward
incidents.

36 HELMET, April - June 2014 Transportation Infrastructure


Starting right yy Always keep the gas stove on
a platform above the cylinder
LPG management starts right at the level
source i.e. when you purchase the yy Check periodically for leaks, if any
cylinder:
yy Avoid curtains on the windows
yy Always buy LPG cylinders from near the gas stove
government authorized dealers
only The environment
yy Check and ensure that the cylinder yy Always wear cotton clothes and
seal is intact at the point of home cotton aprons while cooking: never
delivery. Do not accept the cylinder synthetic clothes such as silk or
if the seal is broken chiffon
yy Always use BIS approved yy Do not keep electrical appliances
appliances only (regulators and such as the refrigerator inside
rubber tubes) that are bought the kitchen. Power fluctuations
from authorized LPG distributors in such appliances can act as
a source of fire in case of LPG
Check before use leakage
yy Keep cylinders away from other yy Do not place inflammable items
sources of heat near the flame
yy Check the cylinder valve to ensure yy Never leave your cooking
that the rubber o ring is present to unattended. The food or liquid
avoid leakage from your cooking vessel could
yy Never keep kerosene or other overflow and extinguish the
stoves on the floor where an LPG burners, causing gas to leak.
cylinder is in use
yy Always store the LPG cylinder in an In case of emergencies
upright position at ground level in yy Do not panic Immediately close the
a well-ventilated place regulator and burner knobs

Transportation Infrastructure HELMET, April - June 2014 37


yy Open all the doors and windows to distributor immediately and ask
ventilate the area for assistance

yy Do not operate electrical switches yy Never tamper with your LPG


or appliances in the room cylinder
yy Get your gas appliances serviced
yy Isolate the main electrical supply
periodically. Remember that self-
from the outside
repair is unsafe and always call
yy Put off all flames, lamps, and distributors mechanic for even
incense sticks small repairs
yy Call your distributor or service cell Expiry date for LPG cylinders (Physical
for help life) do they even have one?

Precautions Of course they do! Expired cylinders numeric represents the year up to which
are not safe for use and may cause the cylinder is valid. Hence D-06 would
yy Always keep the LPG valve /
accidents. You can safeguard yourself at mean that the cylinder is safe for use
regulator switched off when your
the time of accepting the LPG cylinder up to the year ended 2006. Such simple
gas stove / oven is not in use,
from the distributor by checking its checks and precautions can go a long
especially at night or while on a
expiry date. On one of three side stems way in safeguarding yourself and your
vacation
of the cylinder, the expiry date is coded loved ones from the inadvertent perils
yy Always keep the rubber tube of LPG-related incidents.
alpha numerically as follows A or B or C
uncovered and visible
or D and a two digit number follows this
yy Check the rubber tube regularly code e.g. D-06.
for cracks and change them at least R Sudarsan
once in two years The alphabet pertains to the quarter
The author is EHS Engineer - RR & EC,
of the year, A for March (first quarter), Transportation Infrastructure
yy Ensure all parts of the LPG
B for June (second quarter), C for Independent Company
installation are in good condition.
September (third quarter) and D
If you should find anything
for December (fourth quarter). The
wrong with any part, contact your

38 HELMET, April - June 2014 Transportation Infrastructure


Safety
of Honour
R o ll

Helmet congratulates the following sites for achieving


three million and more LTI free safe man-hours

43 Kakrapar Atomic Power Project


February 2010 to May 2014
6 DMRC CC 28 Project
May 2011 to May 2014

17 Badarpur Faridabad DMRC Project


February 2012 to May 2014
5 CMRL Elevated Project
June 2013 to May 2014

10 Singoli Bhatwari HEP Project


June 2011 to May 2014
4 DMRC CC 27 Project
October 2013 to May 2014

10 Sawalkote Project
August 2011 to May 2014
4 Kolkata RVNL Project
August 2012 to May 2014

9 DMRC CMC1 Project


July 2010 to May 2014
3 DMRC CC 05 Project
September 2013 to May 2014

7 Subansiri Lower HEP Project


May 2011 to May 2014

National fire service day 2014


celebration

National Fire Service Day 2014 was celebrated across


all the projects on 14 th April 2014. Fire safety awareness
was increased among the workforce through structured
training programs, fire-fighting demos and audio
visual inputs.

Heavy Civil Infrastructure HELMET, April - June 2014 39


Ever wondered why the earth pin is
bigger on a three pin plug?
The simple answer is To protect
people from electric shock. But if that
sounds too elementary, read on. When
we use electrical appliances with
metal bodies, we require protection
against possible electric shock. If there
is a fault current (leakage) inside
the appliance, the whole metal case
becomes live. If you happen to touch
it, a current will flow through you
to the earth which in other words is
called an electric shock. To prevent
electric shocks, we need to ensure
that the system is properly earthed or
'grounded'. Then, even if you were to
touch a faulty appliance, you will not
get electrocuted!

Still wondering why is the earth pin Insertion of a longer (earth) pin
made bigger? Its as elementary as it is helps in opening the shutters and
brilliant! facilitating the insertion of the other
two pins. These are called earth-pin
The earth pin on a plug is longer than operated shutters.
the live and neutral pins. This means the
earth pin is the first to connect and the Though it is impossible to insert the
last to disconnect. plug into the socket upside down,
yy While inserting the plug, the earth one may try to insert the plug top in
connection is made before the a misaligned position. For instance,
current carrying contacts of the trying to insert the earth pin into the
phase socket with the other two pins
plug become live.
further down out of the socket. Hence,
yy While withdrawing the plug, the earth pin is made thicker so that
the current carrying contacts even by mistake it cannot be inserted
shall separate before the earth into the live or neutral hole of the
connection is broken. socket. This prevents the earth pin
from establishing an electrical contact
Thus, the earthing connection is always
with the live terminal.
maintained to ensure safety.
This is called making the appliance
There is also another reason. These
idiot-proof!
days, many wall sockets have safety
shutters (see image) on the live and
neutral lines to prevent children Murali Krishnan
The author is Asst. Manager - EHS
from inserting conducting materials
Heavy Civil Infrastructure
which may result in electric shock. Independent Company

40 HELMET, April - June 2014 Heavy Civil Infrastructure


Celebration on
world day for safety and health at
work - 28th April, 2014

28th April, 2014 was observed as


World Day for Safety and Health at
Work across all projects. Training
programs were conducted for
employees and workmen with a view
to spread awareness on chemical
safety. Hazards and relevant safety
precautions associated with storage
and handling of chemicals at
work were communicated to the
workforce.

National safety week


celebration
Mr. Suhas Y Patil (Manager - Civil) from Sahar Elevated
Access Road Project was awarded by the client, GVK, with a
certificate and trophy for his outstanding contribution towards
Health, Safety and Environment in the project. This certificate
and trophy was awarded on the eve of National Safety Week
celebration.

Heavy Civil Infrastructure HELMET, April - June 2014 41


Safety

TRAINING PROGRAMMES

S No. Date Programme Location Day/Hours


FIRE DRILL for staff by
1 14th Apr 2014 HMRL Project Half Day
M/s Falcon, DNS.

2 15th Apr 2014 EHS Leadership Training Chennai HQ Half Day

3 16th Apr 2014 EHS Leadership Training Delhi Cluster Half Day

4 19th Apr 2014 EHS Leadership Training HMRL Project One day

5 22nd Apr 2014 EHS Leadership Training KAPP Project Half Day

6 14th May 2014 EHS Leadership Training DFCC Project Half Day

7 15th May 2014 EHS Leadership Training Mumbai Cluster Half Day

8 16th May 2014 EHS Leadership Training Kochi Metro Project Half Day

9 17th May 2014 EHS Leadership Training CMRL UG Project Half Day

10 21st May 2014 EHS Leadership Training Bhutan Project Half Day

11 23rd May 2014 EHS Leadership Training Kolkata cluster Half Day

Training on Construction EHS


12 27th & 28th May 2014 Delhi Cluster 2 Day
Requirements

EHS Leadership Training - Chennai EHS Requirements - Delhi

42 HELMET, April - June 2014 Heavy Civil Infrastructure


Accolades for Heavy Civil IC
The Heavy Civil IC has bagged five
prestigious International Safety Awards
- 2014 from RoSPA (The Royal Society
for the Prevention of Accidents)
UK. The awards have been given for
organizations individual occupational
health and safety performance.

Awarded projects
yy Kakrapar Atomic Power Project
yy DMRC CC 06 project
yy HMRL Project
yy DMRC CC-27 project
yy Chennai Metro Tunnelling project

Kakrapar Atomic Power Project


bagged the prestigious Golden Shield
(Sarvashreshtha Suraksha Puraskar)
award from National Safety Council for
2013. This is the first time in the history of
the Indian construction industry where
the same project has been selected for
this coveted GOLDEN SHIELD for two
consecutive years.

CMRL U/G package L &T SUCG JV project


has been awarded 4 STAR RATING EHS
excellence award by CII (Confederation
of Indian Industry) towards Excellent
Commitment in Environment Health
and Safety Practices and Policies for
2013.

Heavy Civil IC has bagged five


international safety awards - 2014
from British Safety Council (BSC)-
UK for maintaining high standards in
Occupational Health and Safety.

Awarded projects
yy Mumbai Monorail project
yy DMRC CC 06 project
yy Kakrapar Atomic Power Project
yy DMRC CC 28 project
yy Chennai Metro Tunneling project

Heavy Civil Infrastructure HELMET, April - June 2014 43


Safety
of Honour
R o ll

Helmet congratulates the following sites for achieving


three million and more LTI free safe man-hours

13 Storm Water Drainage Project-Jabalpur


September 2010 to June 2014
4 AREVA 125MW CSP Solar Thermal Plant - Total
man hours achieved
May 2012 to March 2014

6 Sewerage Scheme in Hoshiarpur & Jalandhar


December 2010 to June 2014
4 LE120180-Civil Works - 1 125 MW Solar Thermal
Power Project
May 2012 to March 2014
5 Hogenikkal Water supply & Fluorosis Mitigation
Project PKG -5
July 2011 to June 2014
4 Trans Varuna Sewerage Works Varanasi
November 2009 to June 2014

4 Underground Drainage & Water Supply


Improvement Scheme- Nizamabad
March 2008 to June 2014 3 Godavari Drinking Water Supply Scheme
Hyderabad
November 2008 to April 2014

4 Nellore Water Supply Improvement Scheme


Nellore
February 2008 to June 2014 3 Dahej Water Supply Scheme-Miyagam Intake -
25 MGD & 50 MGD
September 2012 to June 2014

4 Nalgonda Underground Drainage & Water Supply


Scheme Nalgonda
2007 to April 2014
3 Rehabilitation of Bhagirathi WTP Delhi
December 2011 to June 2014

4 Dhanbad Water Supply Project


May 2011 to June 2014

Online CAT (Confirmation Action Taken)


yy Mr. S. Rajavel Executive Vice President & Head - Water & Renewable Energy launched online EHS
management observation on 9th may 2014.

yy Online CAT (Confirmation Action Taken) was launched on 28thMay 2014.

46 HELMET, April - June 2014 Water & Renewable Energy


Being granular about micro-tunneling
Underground utility works always involve a complex maze populated or has heavy traffic movement. This technology
of processes cutting across service installations such as water is very useful especially while working in narrow streets
networks, sewages, canals, communication and power cables. where the sewer levels are deep and open excavation is
The task is both laborious and highly risky as it involves not possible.
public and community interface. However, with the advent
of avant-garde technology, manned access for the installation The working principle
of underground utilities has been reduced along with a sea
change in executing such critical works. The product pipe is installed to the exact line and grade by
the use of a guided pilot tube which is headed by a boring
Micro-tunneling is an exemplary modern technology that machine with a cutting head. The product pipes are installed
is now being used in the process of installing underground sequentially and jacked from rear end to form the complete
utilities without the need for manned access and entry. stretch of the pipeline from jacking shaft to receiver shaft.
The process utilizes the principles of pipe jacking with the The boring machine is provided with a spoil removing
integration of remote guidance and control of gradient system that collects the spoils during the cutting process
and alignment. The system is configured so that it may and pumps it out through a slurry discharge pumping
be used both above and below the water table and is best mechanism. The progression of the pilot tube is controlled
suited for laying of pipelines in locales which are densely by a remote guidance system.

Micro-tunneling in progress without interrupting the traffic above ground

Water & Renewable Energy HELMET, April - June 2014 47


The sequence of operations

yy Geotechnical studies

yy Surveying

yy Design and construction of jacking and receiver


shafts

yy Installation of jacking equipment/machineries in


jacking shafts

yy Tunneling operations

yy Dismantling/moving out the machineries from


shafts

Jacking and receiver shafts

yy The design of the shafts depends on the type


of tunnel and the equipment planned. The
shape and size would vary according to the
requirements of a particular job such as circular,
rectangular, elliptical, etc.

yy The surface condition including soil type and


ground water table determines the method of
construction of the shafts. For instance, trench
boxes may be feasible for small conventional
tunneling through stiff clay above the water
table

yy The shafts must be designed to withstand the


extreme combinations of jacking pressures such
as surcharge loads, machineries and people
movement apart from hydraulic pressure due to
ground water and slurry blow backs

yy The provision for managing inadvertent effects


caused by the vibrations of jacking machineries
and outside traffic must be accommodated in
the design

yy The platform of the shaft should be able to


accommodate the weights and vibrations from
the jacking equipment

Construction of jacking shaft

48 HELMET, April - June 2014 Water & Renewable Energy


Safe operating procedures

yy Specific job training in micro-tunneling operations


for engineers and workmen

yy Implementation of an effective work permit system

yy Being aware of emergency situations and


conducting monthly mock drills on the identified
emergency

yy Assessment of the presence of existing underground


utilities such as electrical, telephone lines, sewers
that are within the range of the excavation

yy Clearances to be obtained from the local authorities


prior to taking up of the work

yy Observation of proper traffic management


procedures that suit site conditions

yy All workmen to be provided with minimum PPE

yy Proper ventilation to be maintained inside the


shaft
Pipe jacking
yy Working area to be hard barricaded (Reflectorized)
in order to protect fall of men, machinery and
vehicles

yy Sufficient illumination for work at night

yy Sloping, shoring or any suitable technique to be


adopted to prevent collapse of soil

yy Removed soil to be placed at a distance equal to the


depth of shaft from the edge of the shaft

yy Regardless of the surface and water table


conditions, the shafts must always be provided
with watertight excavation supports to prevent
blow back of the pressurized slurry

yy The walls and platform of the shaft must be


pressure grouted to protect it from water seepage
350mm jack pushing pipes ready for use at the tunneling and slope collapse if the situation demands

yy Proper access and egress arrangements to be


provided with ladders/winch mechanism

yy All electrical connections to be protected with


RCCB

Water & Renewable Energy HELMET, April - June 2014 49


Jacking unit inside Jacking Shaft Jacking of pipe in progress

Installation of jacking equipment Tunneling operations

Jacking equipment and other machineries can be installed by yy Slurry pumped with great pressure during the process of
using cranes. For shafts lower than 6m in depth, cranes must tunneling must be contained properly
be operated from a distance equal to that of the depth of the yy The slurry pipe outlet must be secured to a fixed support
shaft and a minimum of 6 m if the depth is greater.
yy Safe procedure for handling and securing of the pipes
yy Only trained personnel should be deployed for signaling must be followed
the crane operator ensuring that there is no movement of yy Grouting is to be done to fill the annular space between
workmen within the swing area of the crane the outer surface of the pipelines and the drilled hole.

yy The exposed rotating parts of the crane must be shielded The following precautions must be taken to prevent hazardous
and ensured that the crane is equipped with reversing effects due to the grouting operation:
alarm
1. Only skilled and experienced personnel must be deployed
yy No workman should be allowed to go inside the shaft to for the job because of the high risks involved if mishandled
guide the crane operator for placing the machine/pipes, if 2. PVC, latex or rubber gloves must be used for hand and
necessary, the person should be properly trained before wrist protection
entry
3. Safety goggles must be worn for protection of eyes from
yy Noise protection equipment must be provided to the high speed splatters from the nozzle
workmen based on the noise levels during jacking 4. Breathing masks must be provided for protection against
small sand particles/powder entering the airway of
yy Air quality has is to be maintained in the shaft during the personnel
operation. If required, artificial breathing system must be
provided to the people working inside the shaft Dismantling
All the machinery must be taken out of the shaft with the help of
yy Suitable control measures must be taken to protect the cranes (crane to be operated from the specified distance) and shafts
operators/workmen from injuries caused by vibration must be closed and properly identified by using reflective stickers/
and heat tapes to avoid fall of men/vehicles.

50 HELMET, April - June 2014 Water & Renewable Energy


Safety

TRAINING PROGRAMMES

Name/Subject of the Training Duration No. of


Date Trainer Name
Program (Days) Participants
Construction Safety Program,
22 & 23 April, 2014 K S Sudheesh Kumar 2 26
Ahmedabad.
K S Sudheesh Kumar,
29 & 30 May, 2014 EHS Review Meet, Chennai. 2 19
Mathivanan.P
Construction Safety Program, K S Sudheesh Kumar &
12 & 13 June, 2014 2 26
Bhubaneswar. S.Anantha Prasann Venkatesh
Construction Safety Program,
20 & 21 June, 2014 K S Sudheesh Kumar 2 20
Bangalore.

EHS review meet at Chennai EHS review meet at Chennai

CSP training program at ABCO

CSP training program at BLRO CSP training program at BLRO

Water & Renewable Energy HELMET, April - June 2014 51


Safety
of Honour
R o ll

Helmet congratulates the following sites for achieving


one million and more LTI free safe man-hours

4 6X660 MW UMPP Sasan


September 2011 to May 2014
1 400 KV D/C Quad Rasipalayam to Salem TL
September 2013 to May 2014

2 RE-Projects, Jalpaiguri under BRGF Scheme


November 2012 to May 2014
1 800 kV Nidhaura Agra TL
May 2013 April 2014

2 765 kV Varanasi Kanpur TL


Million June 2013 April 2014
1 JHTL Trans. Scheme under consultancy
services to JSEB
January 2013 to May 2014

Developed APDRP
EHS passport
APDRP EHS passport was developed in Hindi for supervisors
and sub-contractor workmen for spreading caution and
awareness in APDRP works. The passport on dos & donts
exclusively for APDRP safety contains easy to understand
graphics,safety pledge, pit excavation, pole erection, shut down
activity, steel structure fitting, transformer erection, stringing,
material handling and golden safety rules.

52 HELMET, April - June 2014 Power Transmission & Distribution


EHSO review meet
A one day EHSOs meet was
conducted at Mumbai cluster
office on 2nd June 2014.
Mr.N.Kalinagarajan, Cluster
Operations Head (Mumbai
Cluster) who presided over
expressed the significance
of positive work culture that
focusses on safety.

He also expressed that the


safety team is significant to the
organization to ensure that new
joinees or lateral entry staff are
oriented towards L&Ts safety
culture.

The programme convener was


Mr.J.Johnson David, CEHSM
Mumbai & Nagpur Cluster
and a team of eleven EHSOs
participated in the programme.

Training on Electrical & Instrumentation


A one day safety training program
on Electrical & Instrumentation
was organized at Nagpur on 22nd
May 2014 in which 16 employees
participated. Mr.Shivnesh
Upadhaya, Project Manager
(Kordi - Thermal Power Project)
inaugurated the program in
which Mr.J.Johnson David,
CEHSM (Mumbai & Nagpur
Cluster) and Mr.Manoj Pawar,
EHS In-charge (Koradi Thermal
Power Project) were the faculty
members.

Power Transmission & Distribution HELMET, April - June 2014 53


Annual EHS rolling trophy 2013

The following projects of Power Transmission & Distribution


(Domestic) have been awarded Annual EHS Rolling Trophy for
the year 2013-14. Three projects were honoured as Winner and
three projects were runners-up.

Sl. Award
Project Name BU Project Manager EHS Incharge
No. Category
E&I works at BSP Sinter Plant 3
1 E&I Mr. Probodh de Mr. R. Veeramani Winner
(Industrial Sector)

3X660 MW-Thermal Power Mr. Shivneshkumar Mr. Manoj Subhash


2 E&I Runner
Project Koradi Upadhyay Pawar

Mr. Ravish Kumar


3 Biharsarif Sasaram TL Project TL Mr. R Singadurai Winner
Prajapati
Mr. Sukhen Nandy/
400KV D/C Quad Barh -
4 TL Mr. S K Sazzad Aswini Pradhan/Vineet Runner
Gorakhpur TL
Kumar

5 BRGF Jalpaiguri PKG 1 EHV SS Mr. Nandalal Chandra Mr. Tara Pad Pramanik Winner

765/400 KV Substation RRVPNL, Mr. Manish Kumar


6 EHV SS Mr. Dipankar Biswas Runner
PHAGI Rathi / Thamotharan T

54 HELMET, April - June 2014 Power Transmission & Distribution


Confederation of Indian Industry (CII)
Safety, Health and Environment (SHE)
excellence award 2013
Project Award Project Incharge EHS Incharge

3X660 MW TPS Project, Mr. Shivnesh Kumar


Appreciation Award Mr. Manoj Pawar
Koradi, Nagpur Upadhyay

3X660 MW Koradi TPS Project, Koradi, Nagpur has been awarded the Appreciation award in the
Service Sector at the 10th edition of CIIs (WR) Safety, Health and Environment (SHE) Excellence
Award 2013.

The award ceremony was held on 30th April 2014 in Mumbai. The Award was received by
Mr.D.P.Shinde Segment Head E&I Projects (Power & Infra) from Mr.V.B.Sant Director General
NSC (Mumbai)

Power Transmission & Distribution HELMET, April - June 2014 55


Client accolades / appreciation certificates

1. 400 kV Quad D/C Brah Gorakhpur (Part-2)


TL has received a certificate of appreciation
from its client, Power Grid Corporation of
India Limited, for achieving two million safe
man-hours. The certificate was issued by
Mr. R. C. Yadav, Sr. Engineer, PGCIL to Project
Manager Mr. S. K. Sazzad

2. 3X660 MW Supercritical Thermal Power Plant


Project, Talwandi Sabo has been recognized with
a trophy as Safety Champion by client SEPCO-1
for the period Jan-March 2014. The award was
received by Mr. L. N. Mohanty, (Project Manager) &
Mr. Anil Kumar, (Safety In charge) from Mr. Govinda
Rao. (HSE Manager, SEPCO-1). Mr. Parmod Kumar
(Safety Supervisor, L&T) has received a certificate
of appreciation for his valuable contribution in
maintaining safe working environment.

M/s. Talwandi Sabo Power Limited has also


recognized L&Ts PT&D IC for Best Safety
Conscious Company. The award was received by
Mr.L.N.Mohanty (Project Manager), Mr. Krishna
Kumar (Cluster EHS Manager-Delhi) and Mr. Anil
Kumar (EHS Engineer) from M/s Vedanta Group.

3. 4X600 MW JPL Tamnar Electrical Installation


site has been honored for the Overall Best Safety
Performance award from client, (Jindal). A memento
& certificate was issued by Shri. T. J. Reddy ED
(Projects) to Project Manager Mr. D. Ramesh.

56 HELMET, April - June 2014 Power Transmission & Distribution


Harnessing safe work at heights

Half Body
Safety Belt

Ever paused to wonder at all those imposing


transmission line towers stretching overhead? For
most of us, they resemble a steel goliath, but for the
men who erect them, its all about precision while
working at dizzying heights. To take a closer look
at their lives and the equipment they use to protect
themselves when working so high above the ground,
read on

The quest to evolve a foolproof safety method for


working at heights was not born overnight. Prior to
the 1970s, there was no safety fall protection system
in place and consequently the risk of injury was very
high. Workmen were not comfortable to use body
belts which were, in any case, a rarity those days due
to its weight. However, with rise in accidents and
injuries, the need to evolve a comprehensive safety
solution for fall protection was increasingly felt.

Between the 70s and 80s, half body safety belts were
being used but were soon considered not a reliable
solution as it could severely impact the chest and
backbone during a fall.

By the 1990s, full-body harnesses (including


anchorage devices, ropes, lanyards, and body
harnesses) were becoming popular as they were
designed to bear the body load on the thigh bone to
reduce the impact on the chest. The full-body harness

Power Transmission & Distribution HELMET, April - June 2014 57


Free falling distance

yy 1.75m lanyard
was secured by two lanyards to move at heights by anchoring
one lanyard at a time and though they provided a superior
protection during fall, injury in the event of a fall could not be
totally eliminated, even if the person was suspended in a body
belt for a short while.

yy 2.00m shock absorber

yy 1.75m body

yy 1.00m safety

To avoid such impact on the body, manufacturers came up


with harness with energy absorber that can absorb the
shock during fall and this was further improved through the
self-retracting system that was introduced to reduce fall from
distances, sudden stops, provide improved deceleration and
improved ease of rescue.

58 HELMET, April - June 2014 Power Transmission & Distribution


OSHA recommends that workmen For people falling from a height of 2
should not be allowed to fall from more meters with full body harness (with
than 6 feet and limits the maximum energy absorber), the force applied on
deceleration distance to 3.5 feet to the body is 600kg which can save lives
withstand twice the impact energy of a without internal injuries.
worker free-falling from a distance of 6
In case a harness with energy absorber
feet.
is being used, a 6.5metre free fall

Forces that act during distance is required to arrest the fall


whereas the retractable fall arrestor
a fall can retract a person within a distance
of 0.3 metres. It is therefore crucial to
In the case of fall, the impact on the body
hook-up the harness while working at
is dependent on two factors: body weight
heights for people to be safe!
and fall distance. If the fall distance is
0.5 meters and the body weight is 85 kg,
shock absorption is not required.
Md. Quaisar Imam
For people falling from a height of 2 The author is Asst. Manager - EHS
meters with full body harness (without Power Transmission & Distribution
Independent Company
energy absorber), the force applied on
body is 1755 kg which can be fatal as
the anchor points are tested only up to
1000 Kg =10 KN

Power Transmission & Distribution HELMET, April - June 2014 59


British safety council
International safety awards 2014

PT&D (Domestic) bagged seven Prestigious British Safety


Council International Safety Award 2014 for the assessment
year 2013. Out of seven awards, two are honored with Merit &
five are the in pass category (category of award: Pass 36 -Merit
48 59 & Distinction 60).

British Safety Council (BSC) Award - 2014


Award
Sl. Project BU PM/CM EHSO
Category

Mr. Alam Khan &


1 Talwandi Sabo Plant EHV SS, UPD & E&I Merit Mr. Laxmi Narayan Mohanty
Anil

2 Biharsarif Sasaram TL TL Merit Mr. Ravish Kumar Prajapati Mr. R Singadurai

765 kV Sub-station PHAGI,


3 EHV SS, UPD & E&I Pass Mr. Dipankar Biswas Mr. Manish Kumar
RRVPNL

4 3 x 660MW TPP KORADI EHV SS, UPD & E&I Pass Mr. Shivanesh Kumar Mr. Manoj S. Pawar

5 765 kV SS DHARMJAYGARH EHV SS, UPD & E&I Pass Mr. Sabyasachi Majumdar Mr. Rajendra Sahoo

6 765 kV Raipur Wardha TL TL Pass Mr. Naga Chaitanya Mr. Narottam Beura

400/220 kV GMR Transmission


7 TL Pass Mr. Arun Kumar Singh Mr. Ravin, Sajith
Line

60 HELMET, April - June 2014 Power Transmission & Distribution


Safety
of Honour
R o ll

Helmet congratulates the following sites for achieving


two million and more LTI free safe man-hours

8 Qatar Power Transmission System Expansion Phase


X Substation Package S1, S2 & S6, Million Safe Man
1 N 7733 Supply and Installation of New 220/33
kV Grid Station in Zaker Area, Million Safe Man
Hours Qatar Hours- UAE

4 ADPC 1001 272 Khalifa Port & Industrial Zone,


Million Safe Man Hours UAE
1 EPIC for PFC Building for Dukhan 33 kV
Electrical Work Million Safe Man Hours
Qatar

1 N 11446 Lot 2.2 220 kV OHL works Bab 2 G/s, Bab


and Habshan 5 and LOT 2.3 220 kV OHL works
Asab2 Switching station to Shah, Million Safe Man
1 N-7733 Zakher Grid Station, Al Ain Million Safe
Man Hours
Hours- UAE

Think and act green or we will soon be


all at sea!
Alarmed at the rising sea levels?
The seas are fast eating up our land! You can experience it
every time you visit a beach and find that the waters have
reached further in-shore. The fact is that the global sea levels
are rising at alarming proportions. In fact, since the turn of the
20th century, the average rise has gone up to about 1.7mm per
year which is quite a lot. At present, it is estimated that the
rise is at 3mm per year and to put it more practically, about
300 years at the current rate, we may see an increase in sea
level of about 1 foot. If this trend continues, bustling coastal
cities such as London, Bangkok, New York, Shanghai and
Mumbai would have gone under the waves. A grim picture of
the future indeed! The warning bells have sounded loud and
clear, its time to raise our voices together, gain insights and
take measures to contain this menace.

Power Transmission & Distribution (I) HELMET, April - June 2014 61


Is it in you to start?
Chart the green plot
What is bad for you is also bad for the world at large. Too much
of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is the major case for The way forward is to evolve a proactive strategy that
global warming. Air conditioners, for example, though having must encompass comprehensive control measures to
become a way of life, is dangerously warming mankinds only control the sea level rise. The following control measures
home, Planet earth. We have to act as a community. Now! can be adopted:
Boost energy efficiency
Walk the green path
Adopt green transportation
Every effort and act must be driven with a green consciousness. Rev up renewable
Become a green champion by taking up the following ideals.
Phase out fossil fuel electricity
yy Power is scare and needs to be used judiciously. Reduce
Manage forests and agriculture
your power consumption. Switch off and remove the
Develop and deploy new low-carbon and
electrical cord of equipment whenever not in use. Opt
zero-carbon technologies

for LED lights instead of conventional bulbs and tubes.


Use non-conventional energy such as solar and wind,
wherever possible
yy Avoid use and throw products such as paper cups /
plates, non-rechargeable batteries, pet bottles, and plastic
shopping bags. Instead use reusable products that are
cheaper, longer lasting and non-polluting
yy Optimize the use of paper and minimize depletion of
forests. You can also consider subscribing to electronic
news instead of wanting to open up the newspaper every
morning.

A. Mohammed Rafiq
The author is Asst. EHS Manager, KSA
Power Transmission & Distribution Independent Company

62 HELMET, April - June 2014 Power Transmission & Distribution (I)


Knowing our strengths
Awake, arise and be aware!
It is sessential to be aware to improve ourselves and reduce
occurrences due to human errors at project sites. Knowledge
is key to addressing and combating flaws.

Recently, an EHS quiz contest helped the EHS team measure


the level of EHS knowledge among L&T employees.
The analysis highlighted an amazing fact: that training
programmes with the least interaction was the most
understood among all the topics. The astounding inference
is that a majority of people already knew what to do in times
of emergencies. While the EHS team was assured that people
could address a crisis if the need arises, the employees
knowledge was accessed once again during the EHS month
celebrations. The results once again complemented the
earlier findings.

This is thanks to those who have been making efforts to


make employees aware of the EHS practices and systems
both domestically and across projects in the Middle East.
Electrical safety and chemical safety are areas of primary
focus, especially when work is being executed amidst risk
and hazard factors. The EHS team is now confident that
employees at L&T have adequate knowledge to provide
suitable control measures for preventing incidents involving
electricals and chemicals.

This is a positive indicator and an incentive to seek steps


for further improvement. The EHS team plans to improve
and monitor the EHS performance more closely while also
focusing on imbibing acceptable levels of knowledge within
workmen with regard to equipment safety and working at
heights.

It is a matter of great concern that knowledge on working


at heights and the personal protective equipment a person
requires for such jobs is alarmingly low. Therefore, the EHS
team at PT&D is focused on addressing these concerns to
help create a brighter and safer future.

P V Sreejith
The author is EHS Engineer, N 6977 B Project, UAE
Power Transmission & Distribution Independent Company

Power Transmission & Distribution (I) HELMET, April - June 2014 63


How hydrogen sulfide works poison

European Union (EU) had classified H2S as:

Flammable or Explosive Poisonous Environmental Hazardous

Hydrogen sulfide is a colorless gas with the characteristic


foul odor of rotten eggs; it is heavier than air, very poisonous,
Syndrome of exposure
yy Eye/Nose/Throat irritation
corrosive, flammable, and explosive.
yy Sickness
Hydrogen sulfide often results from the bacterial breakdown
yy Dizziness
of organic matter in the absence of oxygen, such as in swamps
yy Lack of muscle control
and sewers. This process is commonly known as anaerobic
digestion. H2S also occurs in volcanic gases, natural gas and yy Coughing, drowsiness and loss of consciousness,
some well waters. The human body produces small amounts respiratory tract irritation
of H2S and uses it as a signaling molecule. yy Immediate respiratory arrest, loss of consciousness,
followed by death
What you need to know about H2S?
yy H2S will enter through the lungs and is considered a
If you encounter H2S
yy Dont panic
chemical asphyxiate as it blocks the transfer of oxygen
to the blood cells and causes paralysis of the respiratory yy Hold your breath and put on your Emergency Escape
system Hood
yy It is heavier than air. Specific gravity is 1.189 yy Check the wind direction from the wind socks
yy Forms an explosive mixture with a concentration between yy Move to the safe assembly point in the cross wind direction
4.3% and 46% by volume yy Then break the BGU (Break Glass Unit) to summon
yy Auto ignition occurs at 500 F (260 C) which is a very low
o o assistance and alert the site
ignition temperature yy Or call the emergency number
yy Extremely toxic (almost as toxic as Hydrogen Cyanide) yy Report the incident to your supervisor or EHS department
yy 5 to 6 times as toxic as Carbon Monoxide
A gas detector will give off an alarm if there are any unwanted
yy H2S can only be smelt at low concentrations (1-50 ppm). gases such as H2S.
yy Beyond 50 ppm, the nerve endings are destroyed. You are
no longer able to smell anything after about 15 ppm S. Nellaiappan
The author is EHS Manager, UAE, GASCO Project
Power Transmission & Distribution Independent Company

64 HELMET, April - June 2014 Power Transmission & Distribution (I)


Nudge theory - a key element for
improving safety culture
One day, when I was shopping at a mall, I saw an interesting
garbage bin designed to resemble a basketball ring. Quite
naturally, and as anticipated, people thought it was great fun in
aiming their garbage at the ring and landing it inside the trash
can. Then I realized that this was conceptualized on a particular
theory - Nudge Theory. The theory is based on an indirect
suggestion aimed to achieve non-forced compliance that
can influence the motives and decision making of groups or
individuals alike, at least as effectively if not more effectively
- than direct instruction, legislation, or enforcement.

An Australian writer, Mr. Andrew Hopkinss concept, the


mindful organization refers to the shadow that describes
leadership may apparently do little things which will have a
big impact on the safety culture of an organization.

For instance, merely by his presence in some/any of EHS


activities, workmen feel that they conform and comply to all
EHS requirements. Another example of the Nudge Theory is,
when starting a meeting, a project manager expresses, safety
is our number one priority, but lets just get the EHS matters
out of the way quickly and get on with other important stuff.
By simply using the word but it becomes apparent that he
actually means Ignore what I just said. Practice what you preach
Human error is not the cause but the There are many ways to exercise the Nudge Theory:
yy Management participation and commitment
effect demonstration
Zero Harm yy Any education system should encourage
yy It has been a constant debate whether the zero harm participation from all participants
objective is a useful concept or even a genuine goal. There yy Information on noticeable bulletin boards, signage
is an increasing opinion that a realistic approach towards and facilities to emphasize an encouragement to
safety might give rise to achievable targets. comply
yy A fair culture, where there is no blame game
Conclusion
yy All analysis and data emphasize on the reasons
yy To reiterate the importance of the Nudge Theory, the key
behind it and the root cause on why the data and
is not to look merely at the outer cover but drill deeper in
performance is required
to a subject and ask probing questions that will reveal the
purpose
yy It is easy to change a culture when employees voluntarily
agree to things that they deem necessary rather than
things that are enforced upon them.

Nick Abalde
The author is EHS Manager, Dubai C4 Airport UAE
Power Transmission & Distribution Independent Company

Power Transmission & Distribution (I) HELMET, April - June 2014 65


Whats on your mind?

Do you understand what it means: Watch your thoughts, healthy workplace. Poor mental health not only hurts the
for they become words. Watch your words, for they become individual, it also reduces corporate profits. Therefore, it calls
actions. Watch your actions, for they become habits. Watch for commitment and engagement right from the Board
your habits, for they become character. Watch your character, of Directors, management, finance, and human resources
for it becomes your destiny. In simple words it means - A departments - to address this problem.
sound mind is the key to an individuals success both at work
Several key issues have been shown to have a significant effect
and life at large.
on employee mental health. Organizations need to consider all
Organizations have a moral reasonability in ensuring of these to create a mentally healthy workplace.
that employees and workmen have a positive frame of
Workplace issues that affect mental health include:
mind and sound mental health that are imperative for a
yy Stigma and discrimination
yy Demand/control and effort/reward relationships
yy Job burnout
yy Harassment, violence, bullying and mobbing
yy Substance use, misuse and abuse at work

The benefits of having good mental health in the workplace


results in reduced Absenteeism

yy Employee turnover (means reduced recruitment and


retraining costs)

yy Grievances

yy Health costs

yy Medical leave/disability

66 HELMET, April - June 2014 Power Transmission & Distribution (I)


yy Workplace injuries and accidents, and

yy Work time loss There are more ways by which we can creative
positivity:
What can we do to encourage positive mental health?

yy Encourage active employee participation and decision yy Assess psychological safety in workplace and
making develop a plan to address it.

yy Clearly define employees' duties and responsibilities yy Develop a policy statement reflecting the
organizations commitment to making workplace
yy Promote work-life balance
mental health a priority. A policy demonstrates
yy Encourage respectful and non-derogatory behaviors leadership and commitment.

yy Manage workloads yy Explicitly include mental health and psychological


yy Allow continuous learning safety in your occupational health and safety
(OH&S) committee mandate.
yy Have conflict resolution practices in place
yy Develop policies and practices for curbing
yy Recognize employees' contributions effectively
workplace harassment, violence and bullying.
Review current policies and procedures and
consider how they might be positively or negatively
contributing to issues of violence and harassment.

yy Provide education and training that ensures


managers and employees know how to recognize
hazards such as harassment, bullying, and
psychologically unhealthy work conditions. This
training provides concrete ways for co-workers to
recognize and talk about mental health issues in
general. Managers can additionally contribute to a
positive work environment if they have the skills
and knowledge to identify and respond to issues
before they escalate.

yy Educate all EHS committee members about the


importance of mental health in the workplace.

yy Ask the worker(s) on the EHS Committee to bring


forward general workplace mental health issues
that affect workforce rather than any individual's
particular situation. Ensure that individual privacy
and confidentiality is respected at all times.

yy Develop substance abuse policies (i.e., use of illicit


drugs at work, alcohol consumption at work,
inappropriate Internet use, etc.) and make sure
that all employees are aware of them.

Amit Om Prakash
The author is EHS Manager, Qatar
Power Transmission & Distribution Independent Company

Power Transmission & Distribution (I) HELMET, April - June 2014 67


Water The elixir of life

Water supports life. Every facet of our existence depends on 2. Production of the industrial products which is considered
water. Agriculture, industry, households, recreation and the as virtual water consumption such as paper, cotton,
environment all have to use water! Much of this need is clothes. This part amounts to 167 liters per day about 4.7%
met by fresh water which is scare. 97 percent of the water on of 3,496 liters.
the Earth is salt water and only three percent is fresh water. If
3. Food consumption which is considered as virtual water
that sounds astounding, read this! Slightly over two thirds of
consumption which is 91.39% of 3,496 liters.
this quantity of fresh water is frozen as glaciers and polar ice
caps. The remaining unfrozen fresh water is found mainly as The domestic consumption can also be divided into:
groundwater, with only a small fraction present above ground
yy Bathing - Showering - 35%
or in the air.
yy Flushing toilet - 30%

What if I told you, you use 3,496 liters


of water every day?
It might sound strange, but you are about to discover that
actually you eat loads of water, in fact you are addicted to it,
and you dont know it, yet.

Individual water consumption can be divided in three


stages:

1. Domestic consumption which is 135 liters per day per


head about 3.91% of 3,496 liters.

68 HELMET, April - June 2014 Power Transmission & Distribution (I)


Breakdowns to some water food consumption

yy Coffee - 18,900 liters water per kilo yy Rice - 2, 500 liters water per kilo

yy Beef - 15,400 liters water per kilo yy Soya beans - 2,145 liters water per kilo

yy Sheep - 10,400 liters water per kilo yy Wheat - 1,830 liters water per kilo

yy Pork - 6,000 liters water per kilo yy Sugar - 1780 liters water per kilo

yy Goat - 5,500 liters water per kilo yy Barley - 1,425 liters water per kilo

yy Chicken - 4,300 liters water per kilo yy Maize - 1,220 liters water per kilo

yy Cheese - 3,180 liters water per kilo yy Apple - 822 liters water per kilo

yy Laundry - 20% drinks during the three years. And, can


yy Cooking - Drinking - 10% we forget the 7000 liters for servicing
the farmhouse and for slaughtering
yy Cleaning - 5%
processes? Therefore, in total,
Now, it is imperative to understand why 3,091,000 liters of water is required for
food consumption has the highest water producing 200 kilos of boneless beef.
virtual consumption level. This means, to produce 1 kilogram of
boneless beef, we need 15,400 liters of
Consider red meat for water. All completely hidden in a big
steak!
instance
Fresh water is a renewable resource,
In an industrial beef production yet the world's supply of groundwater
system, it takes an average three years is steadily decreasing. Although it
before the animal is slaughtered to is still unclear as to how much of
produce about 200 kilos of boneless natural renewal balances this usage
beef. During those three years of life, and whether ecosystems are really
To produce 1 kilogram of boneless beef, we need the animal consumes nearly 1300 kg
15,400 liters of water threatened, water will still remain
of grains such as wheat, oats, barley, precious. Not just for drinking, but
corn, dry peas, and other small grains. as food! So we need to do our part to
It also consumes 7200 kg of roughages conserve it.
such as pasture, dry hay and silage.
The production of all the grains and
roughages requires 3,060,000 liters
Wellington Mohankumar
of water. We also need to take into
The author is Manager - EHS, UAE
account 24,000 liters of water that it
Power Transmission & Distribution
Independent Company

Power Transmission & Distribution (I) HELMET, April - June 2014 69


Putting a magnet to the metal
It is always a challenge to maintain good
housekeeping in a workplace especially
in the construction activity. Moreover
it is our responsibility to make sure that
good housekeeping is maintained. What
we usually do is assign a person(s) to
clean specific areas and maintain it. This
method is effective but inefficient, costly
and demanding since you either need
more people to do it or more time to finish
a specific task.

We always know that using equipment


does help a lot in any kind of task. That
is why we, at Larsen and Toubro, have
identified equipment that enhances
the efficiency of housekeeping using a
magnetic roller for cleaning.

The aim is to separate metal parts like


nails, bolts, etc. and leave the other
materials behind for ease of cleaning.
With automated cleaning, we are more
efficient, effective and are able to segregate
garbage for recycle.

One application to this equipment is


flooring activity where corrugated bars
are tightened with metal wires and edges
of such wires are shortened. Another
example is in areas where nails are
generously dropped during hammer jobs.
There are plenty of applications where
this equipment can be very effective and
its up to us on how we can maximize the
use from such an equipment.

Ravikumar Rajappan
The author is Manager - EHS, FEWA Project UAE
Power Transmission & Distribution
Independent Company

70 HELMET, April - June 2014 Power Transmission & Distribution (I)


Seek and ye shall know
Do you have a pressing question in mind on aspects of
Environment, Health and Safety? You can now ask and clarify
your concerns. L&T provides its employees and workmen
opportunities to know about safe practices and methods
through various communication platforms such as:

yy Safety Committee Meetings yy What are the main causes of accidents within the
organization?
yy Site Weekly EHS Meetings
yy For giving best performance award, how would I be
yy Monthly Review Meetings
evaluated?
yy Toolbox Meetings
yy What is most challenging to implement?
yy Prior start to work meetings (DSTI)

yy Open door to all employees to come and ask.

All these avenues offer the opportunity for an individual to


ask questions and gain insights. The management also uses
such methods to assess an employees attitude and mind set
towards compliance to EHS.

Do your homework
Doing your homework begins by clarifying what you want
to know. This may sound obvious, but the more you dwell
on significant issues, the better you will understand about
the organization and the systems that will lead you to a more
stronger set of questions. It is also advisable to be realistic and
support your questions with facts.

Formulate your questions


Once you have done your homework, frame your questions
to ensure they appear informed and respectful. Always try to
ask open-ended questions to draw people into a discussion.
The power of clarity
Providing an opportunity to demonstrate experience or having
handled a particular situation is effective and brilliant. While Clarifying by asking will give you a much greater appreciation
there are no hard and fast rules on the number of questions you because it shows that you are open to comply and proactively
can ask, ideally you should prepare 6 to 8 on the assumption participate in accident prevention. It will provide you a better
that at least half of them will be addressed. understanding on what you have to do and ensure a good
performance. Do your research and ask quality questions that
While the questions you ask may be fairly specific, ask
are thoughtful and focused. It will also reveal much about the
generic questions too.
health and safety challenges within the organization, and help
yy To what extent is the compliance to such procedures from you decide whether your team is really working safely.
each project or organization?

yy To what degree does the senior management get involved P. V. Kaliappan


in these programs? The author is Head of EHS
Power Transmission & Distribution
yy How does the EHS department capture the compliance of Independent Company
individuals?

Power Transmission & Distribution (I) HELMET, April - June 2014 71


A perfect 10 from British Safety Council

Mr. O.V. Divakaran, Project Manager, BKC Project, Mr. A.T. Lakshmanan, Project Manager, CTS Project & Mr. V. Bavanishankar, CEHSM,
Mumbai Cluster are seen with certificates

Ten projects of B&F IC have bagged the prestigious International Safety Award with Merit from British Safety
Council (BSC), one of the worlds leading professional bodies in Occupational Health, Safety & Environment (OHSE)
for the year 2014.

Details of the award winning projects are:

SL No Name of the Project Business Unit Project Manager EHS Incharge


1 Aditya Cement Plant Project, Rajasthan Factories Mr. S. K. Gill Mr. Amiya Dwivedi
2 DLF Maiden Heights Project, Bengaluru Elite Housing Mr. G. C. Sangameswarappa Mr. S. Rajkumar
3 IIT Project, Hyderabad IT & IS Mr. A.V.S.S.S. Kiran Mr. K Babu Rao
4 Mahatma Mandir Ph II Project, Ahmedabad IT & IS Mr. MaulikKataria Mr. N. Sabari Raja
5 NISER Project, Bhubaneswar IT & IS Mr. V. Satyanarayana Mr. M. K. Bhadra
6 Planet SKS Project, Mangalore Elite Housing Mr. Madan Bhar Mr. R. P. Venkat Raman
7 TCS IT SEZ Project, Hyderabad IT & IS Mr. V. Ramesh Mr. DunnaGanapathi
8 Cognizant Project, Chennai IT&IS Mr. A. T. Lakshmanan Mr. S. Kamardheen
9 BKC ONE Wadhwa Commercial Project, Mumbai IT&IS Mr. O. V. Divakaran Mr. Yogesh Amarale
10 RG1A, Car park Project, Mumbai IT&IS Mr. Pankaj Tare Mr. Sukanta Bhattacharya

The key areas of evaluation include significant EHS performance monitoring system, EHS
continual improvement achieved during the objectives etc.
award period, effective implementation of The awards were presented in a glittering function
EHS Management Systems, Risk assessment, organized at London on April 25, 2014.

Printed at Nagaraj and Co. Pvt. Ltd., Chennai. Edited by Mr. Vinod Jacob Chacko for L&T Construction from L&T Construction Headquarters,
Manapakkam, Chennai - 600 089. The views expressed in this magazine are not necessarily those of the Management. The contents
of this magazine may not be reproduced without the written permission of the Editor. Not for sale. Only for circulation among employees
of L&T Construction.