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ZIMBABWE

MINISTRY OF HIGHER AND TERTIARY EDUCATION

HIGHER EDUCATION EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL (HEXCO)

2012

REGULATIONS AND MODULES FOR THE

NATIONAL FOUNDATION CERTIFICATE

IN

AGROECOLOGY AND SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE: INTEGRATED LAND USE


DESIGN - SOIL

QUALIFICATION MODULE CODE: -------------------------------


IMPLEMENTATION DATE: JANUARY 2013
National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

PART 1: REGULATIONS

PREAMBLE

The qualification module is designed to develop a Farmer Facilitator with the knowledge, skills
and attitudes required to satisfy the needs of the Agriculture Sector. The entry requirement is a
minimum of 3 O level subject passes at Grade C or better or equivalent. The qualification
module duration is 642 hours (one year) of institutional based education and training plus. The
mode of study is full time or part time. The learner shall be assessed through continuous
assessment, written examinations and a project.

CONSULTATION YEAR

Department of Education and Farmer Training in the


Ministry of Agriculture Mechanisation and Irrigation 2012

Department of Economics and Marketing in the Ministry of


Agriculture Mechanisation and Irrigation 2012

AGRITEX 2012

Ministry of Lands and Rural Resettlement 2012

Association of Traditional Environmental Conservationist 2012

Hlekweni Friends Training Centre 2012

Practical Skills Development Association 2012

Kajiwa Development Co-ordinating Association 2012

Nyahode Union Learning Centre 2012

The Movement of Organic Smallholder Farmer Associations in


Zimbabwe, the MOSFA-Z GREEN NET 2012

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

1. ZIMBABWE QUALIFICATIONS FRAMEWORK (ZQF) TITLE AND LEVEL


OF AWARD

National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated


Land Use Design - Soil

2. AIM OF THE QUALIFICATION MODULE

The aim of the qualification module is to develop a competent Farmer Facilitator with
knowledge, skills and attitudes required to satisfy the needs of the Agriculture Sector.

3. GENERAL LEARNING OUTCOMES

By the end of the qualification module the learner should be able to:

3.1 design, develop and implement an ILUD-Soil

3.2 maintain soil fertility

3.3 practice agro-forestry and conservation agriculture

3.4 plan and carry out land preparation and field moisture conservation techniques

3.5 establish and manage a health inter-cropping system

3.6 process and produce seed adhering to seed certification regulations

3.7 conceptualise and demonstrate the utility of integrating local animals in farming
and fertility systems

3.8 develop and manage rangeland and pasture systems

3.9 organise processing of surplus crops and other surplus resources for value
addition

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

4. QUALIFICATION MODULE STRUCTURE

MODULE CODE DURATION IN


HOURS
CORE
1 Designing and Implementing and ILUD-Soil TBA 70
2 Basic Soil Science and Fertility TBA 66
3 Agro-forestry and Conservation Agriculture TBA 54
4 Land Preparation TBA 49
5 Crop Production TBA 93
6 Seed Production TBA 54
7 Integrating Local farm Animals into farming TBA 120
and Fertility Systems
8 Basic Rangeland and Pasture Systems TBA 41
9 Value addition TBA 35
10 Project TBA 60
TOTAL 642

5. QUALIFICATION MODULE DURATION

The duration of the National Certificate in Science Technology shall be 642 hours spread
over a period of one year plus one year On the Job Education and Training.

6. ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

A minimum of 3 O level subject passes at Grade C or better including English


Language, Mathematics and a Science subject or equivalent.

7. MODE OF STUDY

7.1 Full Time 642 hours spread over 1 year


7.2 Part Time 642 hours

8. DELIVERY STRATEGY

Lectures
Tutorials
Presentations
Group tasks
Case studies
Field studies

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

9. ASSESSMENT SCHEME

MODULE WRITTEN CONTINUOUS WEIGHTING


EXAMINATION ASSESSMENT
1 Designing and 3 hour paper 40% A minimum of
Implementing and ILUD- 2 assignments 10% 100%
Soil 2 tests 10%
4 Practicals 10%
ITTD Practice 30%
2 Basic Soil Science and 3 hour paper 40% A minimum of
Fertility 2 assignments 10% 100%
2 tests 10%
4 Practicals 10%
ITTD Practice 30%
3 Agro-forestry and 3 hour paper 40% A minimum of
Conservation Agriculture 2 assignments 10% 100%
2 tests 10%
4 Practicals 10%
ITTD Practice 30%
4 Land Preparation 3 hour paper 40% A minimum of
2 assignments 10% 100%
2 tests 10%
4 Practicals 10%
ITTD Practice 30%
5 Crop Production 3 hour paper 40% A minimum of
2 assignments 10% 100%
2 tests 10%
4 Practicals 10%
ITTD Practice 30%
6 Seed Production 3 hour paper 40% A minimum of
2 assignments 10% 100%
2 tests 10%
4 Practicals 10%
ITTD Practice 30%
7 Integrating Local farm 3 hour paper 40% A minimum of
Animals into farming and 2 assignments 10% 100%
Fertility Systems 2 tests 10%
4 Practicals 10%
ITTD Practice 30%
8 Basic Rangeland and 3 hour paper 40% A minimum of
Pasture Systems 2 assignments 10% 100%
2 tests 10%
4 Practicals 10%
ITTD Practice 30%

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

9 Value addition 3 hour paper 40% A minimum of


2 assignments 10% 100%
2 tests 10%
4 Practicals 10%
ITTD Practice 30%
10 Project 100%

10. GRADING

0% to 49% - Fail
50% to 59% - Pass
60% to 79% - Credit
80% and above - Distinction

11. CONDITIONS OF AWARD

11.1 A candidate should attend at least 85% of module learning sessions to qualify for
examinations.

11.2 Both continuous assessment and written examinations must be passed.

11.3 Non-submission of the required continuous assessment shall result in the candidate being
deferred.

11.4 A candidate who passes a single module assessment shall be credited for the achievement
and awarded a module certificate.

11.5 A candidate must pass all modules plus the project to be awarded a National Foundation
Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use Design -
Soil

12. RE-WRITE(S)

12.1 A candidate is given no time limit in which to re-write the failed module(s).

12.2 Re-write(s) shall conform to current regulations and qualification module.

13. EXEMPTION(S)

13.1 A candidate shall transfer credits of a fully attained qualification module.

13.2 Application for exemption(s) should be carried out at the time of enrolment.

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

14. LEARNING RESOURCES

14.1 Lecturer Qualifications

A minimum qualification of a National Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable


Agriculture or equivalent plus three years post qualification experience. A teaching
training qualification will be an added advantage.

14.2 Tools and Equipment

Aerial photographs
A-Frames
Balance
Basic laboratory equipment
Basic weather station
Castration equipment
Chisel Plough/Ridger
Crush
Cultivator
Cutting and slashing tools
Dairy facilities and equipment
Dehorner
Design equipment
Digging tools
Dipping equipment
Dosage equipment
Fencing equipment
Grinding mill
Hand tools
Harrow
Harvesting tools
Irrigation equipment
Labelling equipment
Maps
Measuring equipment
Oil press
Packaging equipment
Pangas
Pruning shears
Rotavator/Disc harrow
Saws
Shredder
Slashers
Slaughter equipment
Storage facilities
Tractor/Oxen

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

Trailer/Cart
Vaccination equipment

14.3 Materials

Stationary
Fencing material
Book-keeping materials

14.4 Suggested References

Attenborough D. (1984) The Living Planet, William Collins,


London
Miller T. (1986) Environmental Science: An
Introduction, Wadsworth Publishing
Company, California
Abercrombie M. et al (1980) Dictionary Of Biology, Penguin,
Middlesex
Chenje, Sola and Paleczny (1998) The State Of Zimbabwes
Environment, Ministry of Environment and
Tourism, Harare
Moyo S. (1991) Zimbabwes Environmental Dilemma:
Balancing Resource Inequities,ZERO,
Harare
Editors of The Ecologist (1972) A Blueprint For Survival, Penguin,
Middlesex
Lovelock J. (2007) The Revenge Of Gaia, Penguin Books,
London
Friedman T. (2009) Hot, Flat And Crowded, Penguin
Books, London

Conway, McCracken and Pretty (1987) Training Notes For Agro-ecosystem


And Rapid Rural Appraisal,
International Institute for
Environment and Development
Egerton University, Njoro, Kenya
Pretty, Guijt, Scoones and Thompson (1995) A Trainers Guide for Participatory
Learning and Action,
Sustainable Agriculture Programme,
International Institute for Environment and
Development, London WC1H ODD

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

Hobley M (1996) Participatory Forestry: The Process of


Change in India and Nepal
Rural Development Forestry Network,
ODI, London
Ziwa, Luswata, Vallery and Hlongwane (1998) Selection and Training of Farmers as
Facilitators, PELUM Association/Inades
Formation, Morogoro, Tanzania
Webster CC and Wilson PN (1990) Agriculture in the Tropics, ,
ELBS-Longman,Harlow, Essex, England
Alan King (1985) Agriculture: an Introduction for
Southern Africa
Cambridge University Press
Chard PGD (1991) Focus On O Level Agriculture,
College Press, Harare

IK Mariga (1991) Crop Production Skills Manual


AGRITE Harare
Olaitin and Lombin (1984) Introduction to Tropical Soil Science
Macmillan, London
Henry Elwell (1994) Soil Conservation
College Press, Harare
IIRR (1998) Sustainable Agriculture Extension
Manual for East and Southern africa,
IIRR, Nairobi
MYRADA, IIRR (1997) Resource Management in Rainfed,
Drylands,Myrada
Bangalore, India
Dupriez and De Leener (1988) Agriculture in African Rural
Communities,
Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural
Co-operation (CTA), Wageningen,
The Netherlands
Amalu and Gottwald (2004) Sustainable agriculture and Animal
Science, in Sub-Saharan Africa
Peter Lang, Frankfurt
Chavunduka , DM (1990) Cattle Production,
Mambo Press, Masvingo

Moran FT (1991) Success in Poultry Keeping,


Longman, Harare

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

TADG (1990) The Co-Op Guide to Poultry


Management,
Training Aids Development Group, Harare
Anil Agarwal and Sunita Narain (1997) Dying Wisdom: Indias Traditional
Water Harvesting Systems,
Centre for Science and Environment, New
Delhi
Tideman EM (1996) Watershed Management,
Omega ScientificPublishers, New Delhi
Dupriez and De Leener (1990) Ways Of Water: Run-Off, Irrigation And
Drainage,
CTA, Wageningen
Peter Stern (1985) Small-Scale Irrigation,
Intermediate Technology Publications,
London
Thomas Jordan (1984) A Handbook Of Gravity-Flow Water
Systems,
IT Publications, London
Peter Morgan (1999) Water Supplies And Sanitation,
Macmillan, Harare
Jeanette Clarke (1994) Practices In Zimbabwes Communal
Lands
Forestry Commission, Harare
FAO (1991) Household Food Security and Forestry,
Fao, Rome
Arnold JEM (1992) Community Forestry: Ten Years In
Review,
FAO, Rome
Arnold JEM (2001) 25 Years of Community
Forestry, FAO, Rome
Douglas S. and Hart R. (1985) Forest Farming, 1985,
Intermediate Technology
Publications, London
Ford Foundation (1998) Forestry For Sustainable Rural
Development, Ford Foundation,
New York

Bagadion et al (2000) Forest Policy and


Politics: the Dynamics of
Participatory Conservation,

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

United Nations Research Institute


for Social Development
(UNRISD), Manila, Philippines
Keith, Coates, Palgrave (1977) Trees of Southern Africa, Struik
Publishers, Cape Town
Pierce, Gumbo and Shaw (1992) The Ecology And Management
of Indigenous Forests In
Southern Africa, 1992, Forestry
Commission, Harare
Natural Resources Board Common Trees of the
Central Watershed of
Zimbabwe, NRB, Harare
Epstein S. (1995) Growing Fruit Trees, Forestry
Commission, Harare
Goldsmith and Carter (1992) The Indigenous Timbers
Of Zimbabwe, Forestry
Commission, Harare
Oldreive B. (1993) Conservation Farming, ART
Farm, Harare
Kerkhof P. (1990) Agro forestry In Africa, Panos
Publications, London
IIRR (1992) Agro forestry
Technology Information
Kit, IIRR, Philippines
PELUM Association (2002) Seed Security for Food
Security, PELUM Association,
Lusaka
Muliokela S. (1984) Zambia Seed Technology
Handbook, 1984, Ministry of
Agriculture, Food and Fisheries,
Lusaka
Almekinders and Louwaars (1999) Farmers Seed
Production, IT Publications,
London
Michel and Fanton J. (1993) The Seed-Savers
Handbook, The Seed-Savers
Network, Byron Bay, Australia

Mollison B. and Holmgren D. (1982) Permaculture One, Tagari


Publications, Tyalgum, Australia

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

Mollison B. and Mia Slay R. (1993) Introduction to


Permaculture, Tagari
Publications, Tyalgum, Australia
Morrow R. (1993) Earth Users Guide To
Permaculture, Kangaroo
Press, Kenthurst, Australia
Elwell and Maas (1995) Natural Pest And Disease
Control, Natural Farming
Network, Harare
Helen Vukasin et al (1995) Production Without
Destruction, 1995, Natural
Farming Network, Harare
Han Kyu Cho (1997) Korean Natural Farming,
Korean Natural Farming,
Goesun-gun, Korea
Murakami S. (1991) Lessons from Nature, Nonjok
Natural Farming Centre, Thailand
Kotschi J. (1990) Eco-farming Practices
for Tropical Smallholdings, Verlag
Josef Margraf
Henderson, R. (1999) Sharing the Harvest: A
Guide to Community-Supported
Agriculture, Chelsea Green Publishing
Company,Vermont
Storl W. (1979) Culture and Horticulture, Biodynamic
Publications, Rhode Island 02898
Hope A. and Timmel S. (1984) Training for Transformation, Mambo
Press, Harare
Wilson J. (1999) Mainstreaming Sustainable
Agriculture, Pelum Association, Harare
Kaplan A. Development Practitioners
Handbook, CDRA, Woodstock, Cape
Town
Savory A. (1980) Holistic Resource Management
Gilmour Publishing, Harare

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

PART II

MINISTRY OF HIGHER AND TERTIARY EDUCATION

HIGHER EDUCATION EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL


(HEXCO)

QUALIFICATION MODULE

FOR A

FARMER FACILITATOR

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

SECTOR: AGRICULTURE

QUALIFICATION FOR A: FARMER FACILITATOR

QUALIFICATION CODE: TBA

LEVEL: NATIONAL FOUNDATION CERTIFICATE

DATE OF PROMULGATION: TBA

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

Foreword

This document constitutes the first draft of a module for the occupation of a Farmer Facilitator,
which was developed using Occupational Standards as a basis.

This is in preparation for the registration of the Standards on the Zimbabwe Qualifications
Framework (ZQF). The ZQF is expected to be administered by the Zimbabwe Examination and
Qualifications Authority (ZIMEQA) once the ZIMEQA Bill currently before parliament
becomes law.

In line with the SADC Protocol on Education and Training, each SADC member state was
tasked to come up with its own Qualifications Framework that shall subsequently be linked to
the Regional Qualifications Framework (RQF). The development and registration of standards
on a qualifications framework is meant to facilitate the upward and horizontal movement of
individuals in their occupations, across occupations or in their areas of study within the country
or the SADC region.

As a draft, certain sections have not yet been addressed. These sections are denoted by a [TBA]
and will be attended to as information is finalised.

For ease of reference, a definition of terms commonly used in this document is included in the
document.

This particular module, for the occupation of a Farmer Facilitator was developed with the active
participation of expert workers from the industry and trainers from various institutions.

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

DEFINITION OF TERMS

Date of Date when standards and qualifications are approved and registered on the
promulgation ZQF.

Review date Anticipated date of revision of the module

Aim/purpose of the General statement concerning the overall goals, ends or intentions of the
Module module. Summary of the content of the module.

Learning outcome Statement of what a learner is expected to know, understand and able to
demonstrate after completion of learning. The smallest component of a
module with a meaningful outcome.

Outcome assessment Specific skills, knowledge and attitudes required to achieve a learning
criteria outcome.

Module content Teaching and learning topics for each outcome assessment criteria.

Tools, equipment Tools, equipment and materials required for the delivery of the module.
and materials

Learning resources Reference books, training manuals, periodicals, magazines, e-learning


materials.

Delivery strategy Methods and techniques for the facilitation learning

Assessment strategy Methods and techniques for assessing the achievement of learning
outcomes and their associated outcome assessment criteria

Accreditation ZQF requirements for the approval and accreditation of the module
requirements

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

LEVEL DESCRIPTORS

[TBA]

(Information on the description of levels still pending)

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

MODULE TITLES

NO. MODULE CREDITS

1 Designing and Implementing and ILUD-Soil 7


2 Basic Soil Science and Fertility 7
3 Agro-forestry and Conservation Agriculture 5
4 Land Preparation 5
5 Crop Production 9
6 Seed Production 5
7 Integrating Local farm Animals into farming and Fertility 12
Systems
8 Basic Rangeland and Pasture Systems 4
9 Value addition 4

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

SUMMARY OF MODULES

UNIT NO. MODULE TITLE CREDITS LEARNING OUTCOMES


1 Designing and 7 LO1.1 Identify land to be designed
Implementing and LO1.2 Design an ILUD - soil
ILUD-Soil LO1.3 Apply ILUD soil principles

2 Basic Soil Science 7 LO2.1 Classify soils


and Fertility LO2.2 Identify soil organisms
LO2.3 Manage and improve soil fertility

3. Agro-forestry and 5 LO3.1 Describe and practice agro-forestry


Conservation techniques
Agriculture LO3.2 Describe and practice conservation
agriculture techniques

4. Land Preparation 5 LO4.1 Identify local cropping practices


LO4.2 Plan and carry out land preparation
LO4.3 Plan and practice moisture
conservation techniques

5. Crop Production 9 LO5.1 Prepare appropriate cropping


programme
LO5.2 Prepare a crop input programme
LO5.3 Plant crops according to plan
LO5.4 Manage crops
LO5.5 Crop harvesting and storage

6 Seed Production 5 LO6.1 Comply with seed certification


regulations and procedures
LO6.2 Select and store seed
LO6.3 Bulk seed

7 Integrating Local farm 12 LO7.1 Identify the utility of integrating


Animals into farming local animals into farming and fertility
and Fertility Systems systems
LO7.2 Describe existing and potential
farming and fertility cycles
LO7.3 Demonstrate knowledge of animal
health and sanitary regulations and
practices

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

UNIT NO. MODULE TITLE CREDITS LEARNING OUTCOMES


8 Basic Rangeland and 4 LO8.1 Outline rangeland and pasture
Pasture Systems management systems
LO8.2 Identify and classify rangeland and
pasture species
LO8.3 Identify and classify species
succession in rangelands and pastures

9 Value addition 4 LO9.1 Mobilise communities


LO9.2 Perform value addition
LO9.3 Facilitate community
entrepreneurship

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

MODULE 1

Module Title: Designing and Implementing an ILUD-Soil

Module Code TBA

ZQF Level: NFC

Duration: 70hrs

Unit standard/s covered by the module: Integrated Land Use Design-Soil

Pre-requisite modules: TBA

Date of Promulgation: TBA

Review Date: TBA

Aim of the Module

By the end of the module the learner will be able to design, develop and implement an ILUD-
Soil

LEARNING OUTCOMES AND OUTCOME ASSESSMENT CRITERIA

LO 1.1 Identify land to be designed

Outcome Assessment Criteria:

1.1.1 Land is classified and clearly categorised


1.1.2 Land boundaries are delineated
1.1.3 Land and other physical natural resources are quantified
1.1.4 Land rights are defined
1.1.5 Local land management practices are profiled

LO 1.2 Design an ILUD - soil

Outcome Assessment Criteria:

1.2.1 Maps, aerial photographs and GIS data are interpreted


1.2.2 Detailed local map is drawn
1.2.3 An all-inclusive integrated land use plan is developed

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

LO 1.3 Apply ILUD - soil principles

Outcome Assessment Criteria:

1.3.1 ILUD principles, ethics and practices are defined


1.3.2 Logical framework analysis is developed
1.3.3 An implementation plan is carried out
1.3.4 A monitoring and evaluation framework is developed and implemented

Module Content

Identification of land to be designed


Designing an ILUD-soil
Application of ILUD principles

Tools and Equipment

A-frames
Measuring equipment
Digging tools
Maps
Aerial photographs
Design equipment

Materials

Stationery

Delivery Strategy

Lectures
Demonstrations
Discussions
Practical exercises/ case studies
Group tasks

Assessment Strategy:

Assignments
Practical
Examination

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

Assessment and certification

In order to gain credits for this module, a candidate must be assessed and demonstrate
competency in all the learning outcomes and outcome assessment criteria of this module.

Assessment will be conducted by accredited assessors. The results of the assessment will be
submitted to ZIMEQA. A candidate can apply to ZIMEQA for documentary evidence of their
achievements.

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

MODULE 2

Module Title: Basic soil science and fertility

Module Code TBA

ZQF Level: NFC

Duration: 66hrs

Unit standard/s covered by the module: Soil Management

Pre-requisite modules: TBA

Date of Promulgation: TBA

Review Date: TBA

Aim of the Module

By the end of the module the learner will be able to identify and classify soils and soil
organisms, build and maintain soil fertility

LEARNING OUTCOMES AND OUTCOME ASSESSMENT CRITERIA

LO 2.1 Classify soils

Outcome Assessment Criteria:

2.1.1 Soil types are identified


2.1.2 Local soil management practices are profiled
2.1.3 Soil is classified
2.1.4 Soil formation processes are identified

LO 2.2 Identify soil organisms

Outcome Assessment Criteria:

2.2.1 Macro-organisms are identified and classified


2.2.2 Micro-organisms are identified
2.2.3 Life cycles of soil organisms are described

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

LO 2.3 Manage and improve soil fertility

Outcome Assessment Criteria:

2.3.1 Nutrient cycles are described


2.3.2 Methods of improving soil fertility are executed
2.3.3 Methods of soil conservation are implemented
2.3.4 Soil sampling techniques are carried out
2.3.5 Simple soil testing techniques are carried out
2.3.6 The role of soil organisms in soil structure and fertility is described

Module Content

Soil formation processes


Soil types and classes
Soil organisms
Soil fertility and conservation

Tools and Equipment

Hand tools
A-Frames
A tractor or team of oxen
A ridger or chisel plough
A cultivator
A harrow
Basic laboratory equipment

Materials

Stationery

Delivery Strategy

Lectures
Demonstrations
Discussions
Practical exercises/ case studies
Group tasks

Assessment Strategy

Assignments
Practical
Examination

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

Assessment and certification

In order to gain credits for this module, a candidate must be assessed and demonstrate
competency in all the learning outcomes and outcome assessment criteria of this module.

Assessment will be conducted by accredited assessors. The results of the assessment will be
submitted to ZIMEQA. A candidate can apply to ZIMEQA for documentary evidence of their
achievements.

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

MODULE 3

Module Title: Agro-forestry and conservation agriculture

Module Code TBA

ZQF Level: NFC

Duration: 54hrs

Unit standard/s covered by the module: Soil Management

Pre-requisite modules: TBA

Date of Promulgation: TBA

Review Date: TBA

Aim of the Module

By the end of the module the learner will be able to describe and practice agro-forestry and
conservation agriculture

LEARNING OUTCOMES AND OUTCOME ASSESSMENT CRITERIA

LO 3.1 Describe and practice agro-forestry techniques

Outcome Assessment Criteria:

3.1.1 Agro-forestry techniques are described


3.1.2 Agro-forestry techniques are practiced

LO 3.2 Describe and practice conservation agriculture techniques

Outcome Assessment Criteria:

3.2.1 Conservation agriculture techniques are described


3.2.2 Conservation agriculture techniques are practiced

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

Module Content

Techniques and Practices in Agro-forestry


Techniques and Practices in Conservation Agriculture

Tools and Equipment

Hand tools
A-Frames
A tractor or team of oxen
A ridger or chisel plough
A cultivator
A harrow
Basic laboratory equipment

Materials

Stationery

Delivery Strategy

Lectures
Demonstrations
Discussions
Practical exercises/ case studies
Group tasks

Assessment Strategy

Assignments
Practical
Examination

Assessment and certification

In order to gain credits for this module, a candidate must be assessed and demonstrate
competency in all the learning outcomes and outcome assessment criteria of this module.

Assessment will be conducted by accredited assessors. The results of the assessment will be
submitted to ZIMEQA. A candidate can apply to ZIMEQA for documentary evidence of their
achievements.

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

MODULE 4

Module Title: Land Preparation

Module Code TBA

ZQF Level: NFC

Duration: 49hrs

Unit standard/s covered by the module: Soil Management

Pre-requisite modules: TBA

Date of Promulgation: TBA

Review Date: TBA

Aim of the Module

By the end of the module the learner will be able to identify local cropping practices, plan and
carry out land preparation and field moisture conservation techniques

LEARNING OUTCOMES AND OUTCOME ASSESSMENT CRITERIA

LO 4.1 Identify local cropping practices

Outcome Assessment Criteria:

4.1.1 Local cropping practices profiled


4.1.2 Local cropping practices are analysed

LO 4.2 Plan and carry-out land preparation

Outcome Assessment Criteria:

4.2.1. Local practices are incorporated into field planning


4.2.2. Land preparation resources are identified
4.2.3. Appropriate land preparation is carried out as per plan
4.2.4. Field plans are prepared and implemented

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

LO 4.3 Plan and practice moisture conservation techniques

Outcome Assessment Criteria:

4.3.1 Appropriate in-field water management infrastructure is installed


4.3.2 Run-off is managed to recharge field water tables
4.3.3 Field sealing techniques are practiced to conserve field moisture and improve fertility

Module Content

Identification of local cropping practices


Field planning and land preparation
Moisture conservation techniques and practices

Tools and Equipment

Hand tools
A-Frames
A tractor or team of oxen
A ridger or chisel plough
A cultivator
A harrow
Basic laboratory equipment

Materials

Stationery

Delivery Strategy

Lectures
Demonstrations
Discussions
Practical exercises/ case studies
Group tasks

Assessment Strategy
Assignments
Practical
Examination

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

Assessment and certification

In order to gain credits for this module, a candidate must be assessed and demonstrate
competency in all the learning outcomes and outcome assessment criteria of this module.

Assessment will be conducted by accredited assessors. The results of the assessment will be
submitted to ZIMEQA. A candidate can apply to ZIMEQA for documentary evidence of their
achievements.

30
National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

MODULE 5

Module Title: Crop production

Module Code TBA

ZQF Level: NFC

Duration: 93hrs

Unit standard/s covered by the module: Crop Management

Pre-requisite modules: TBA

Date of Promulgation: TBA

Review Date: TBA

Aim of the Module

By the end of the module the learner will be able to establish and manage a healthy inter-
cropping system to enhance soil fertility and productivity

LEARNING OUTCOMES AND OUTCOME ASSESSMENT CRITERIA

LO 5.1 Prepare appropriate cropping programme

Outcome Assessment Criteria:

5.1.1 The appropriate crop combination in time and space is identified


5.1.2 A rotation plan is developed
5.1.3 Appropriate plant populations are estimated

LO 5.2 Prepare a crop input programme

Outcome Assessment Criteria:

5.2.1 An inventory of quantified crop input requirements is prepared


5.2.2 A crop input budget is prepared
5.2.3 Sources of inputs are identified
5.2.4 Inputs are sourced timeously and stored appropriately

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

LO 5.3 Plant crops according to plan

Outcome Assessment Criteria:

5.3.1 Planting stations marked out


5.3.2 Appropriate manuring is done
5.3.3 Seed placement is carried out timeously
5.3.4 Seed covering, mulching and watering are carried out

LO 5.4 Manage crops

Outcome Assessment Criteria:

5.4.1 Weed seed management and weeding is done


5.4.2 Principles and practices of integrated plant and pest management (IPPM) systems are
implemented
5.4.3 Appropriate basic crop husbandry is carried out

LO 5.5 Crop harvesting and storage

Outcome Assessment Criteria:

5.5.1 Crop harvesting and storage techniques demonstrated


5.5.2 Post harvesting handling techniques are identified

Module Content

Preparation of cropping programme


Preparation of crop input programme
Planting and managing crops
Integrated plant and pest management issues (IPPM)
Crop harvesting and storage

Tools and Equipment

Tractor/Oxen
Trailer/Cart
Chisel Plough/Ridger
Cultivator
Harrow
Rotavator/Disc harrow
Hand tools
Cutting and slashing tools

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

Digging tools
Harvesting tools
Storage facilities
Packaging equipment
Irrigation equipment
Basic weather station

Materials

Stationery

Delivery Strategy

Lectures
Demonstrations
Discussions
Practical exercises/ case studies
Group tasks

Assessment Strategy

Assignments
Practical
Examination

Assessment and certification

In order to gain credits for this module, a candidate must be assessed and demonstrate
competency in all the learning outcomes and outcome assessment criteria of this module.

Assessment will be conducted by accredited assessors. The results of the assessment will be
submitted to ZIMEQA. A candidate can apply to ZIMEQA for documentary evidence of their
achievements.

33
National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

MODULE 6

Module Title: Seed Production

Module Code TBA

ZQF Level: NFC

Duration: 54hrs

Unit standard/s covered by the module: Crop Management

Pre-requisite modules: TBA

Date of Promulgation: TBA

Review Date: TBA

Aim of the Module

By the end of the module the learner will be able to adhere to seed certification regulations and
processes to produce seed where required

LEARNING OUTCOMES AND OUTCOME ASSESSMENT CRITERIA

LO 6.1 Comply with seed certification regulations and procedures

Outcome Assessment Criteria:

5.1.1 Knowledge of Seed Act and Statutory Regulations is demonstrated


5.1.2 Ability to inspect the seed production process is demonstrated
5.1.3 Ability to establish Seed Saver Networks is exhibited
5.1.4 Relevant seed production procedures are implemented

LO 6.2 Select and store seed

Outcome Assessment Criteria:

5.2.1 Seed selection procedures are demonstrated


5.2.2 Seed storage techniques are implemented

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

LO 6.3 Bulk seed

Outcome Assessment Criteria:

5.3.1 Local seed varieties are identified


5.3.2 Multiplication of selected local seed varieties is demonstrated
5.3.3 Appropriate seed harvesting techniques are demonstrated
5.3.4 Seed is appropriately packaged, labelled and distributed

Module Content

Seed Act and Statutory Regulations


Seed Production
Seed Storage and Distribution
Seed Saver Networking

Tools and Equipment

Tractor/Oxen
Trailer/Cart
Chisel Plough/Ridger
Cultivator
Harrow
Rotavator
Disc harrow
Hand tools
Cutting and slashing tools
Digging tools
Harvesting tools
Storage facilities
Packaging equipment
Irrigation equipment
Basic weather station

Materials

Stationery

Delivery Strategy:

Lectures
Demonstrations
Discussions
Practical exercises/ case studies
Group tasks

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

Assessment Strategy:

Assignments
Practical
Examination

Assessment and certification

In order to gain credits for this module, a candidate must be assessed and demonstrate
competency in all the learning outcomes and outcome assessment criteria of this module.

Assessment will be conducted by accredited assessors. The results of the assessment will be
submitted to ZIMEQA. A candidate can apply to ZIMEQA for documentary evidence of their
achievements.

36
National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

MODULE 7

Module Title: Integrating Local Farm Animals into farming and fertility
system

Module Code TBA

ZQF Level: NFC

Duration: 120hrs

Unit standard/s covered by the module: Integrated Animal Management

Pre-requisite modules: TBA

Date of Promulgation: TBA

Review Date: TBA

Aim of the Module

By the end of the module the learner will be able to conceptualise and demonstrate the utility of
integrating local animals in farming and fertility systems

LEARNING OUTCOMES AND OUTCOME ASSESSMENT CRITERIA

LO 7.1 Identify the utility of integrating local animals into farming and
fertility systems

Outcome Assessment Criteria:

7.1.1 Local animals are identified and classified


7.1.2 Role of animals in farming and fertility systems is described
7.1.3 Appropriate animal species balance is determined
7.1.4 The potential utility of local animals in the farming and fertility systems is determined
and quantified

LO 7.2 Describe existing and potential farming and fertility cycles

Outcome Assessment Criteria:

7.2.1 Existing and potential farming and fertility cycles are identified
7.2.2 Basic animal husbandry practices are demonstrated

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

LO 7.3 Demonstrate knowledge of animal health and sanitary regulations


and practices

Outcome Assessment Criteria:

7.3.1 Knowledge of statutory requirements for animal husbandry is demonstrated


7.3.2 Knowledge of local regulations for animal husbandry is exhibited

Module Content

Identification and Classification of Local Farm Animals


Integrated Animal Management
Statutory and Local Regulations

Tools and Equipment and:

Fencing equipment
Dipping equipment
Castration equipment
Dehorner
A crush
Vaccination equipment
Dosage equipment
A balance
A grinding mill
An oil press
A shredder
Slaughter equipment
Dairy facilities and equipment

Materials

Stationery

Delivery Strategy:

Lectures
Demonstrations
Discussions
Practical exercises/ case studies
Group tasks

Assessment Strategy:

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

Assignments
Practical
Examination

Assessment and certification

In order to gain credits for this module, a candidate must be assessed and demonstrate
competency in all the learning outcomes and outcome assessment criteria of this module.

Assessment will be conducted by accredited assessors. The results of the assessment will be
submitted to ZIMEQA. A candidate can apply to ZIMEQA for documentary evidence of their
achievements.

39
National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

MODULE 8

Module Title: Basic Rangeland and Pasture Systems

Module Code TBA

ZQF Level: NFC

Duration: 41hrs

Unit standard/s covered by the module: Management of Woodlands

Pre-requisite modules: TBA

Date of Promulgation: TBA

Review Date: TBA

Aim of the Module

By the end of the module the learner will be able to develop and manage rangeland and pasture
systems

LEARNING OUTCOMES AND OUTCOME ASSESSMENT CRITERIA

LO 8.1 Outline rangeland and pasture management systems

Outcome Assessment Criteria:

8.1.1 Rangeland and pasture management systems are defined


8.1.2 Multi-station and other grazing systems are described
8.1.3 Veld density and basal cover are determined
8.1.4 Veld management techniques are implemented

LO 8.2 Identify and classify rangeland and pasture species

Outcome Assessment Criteria:

8.2.1 Plant species are profiled


8.2.2 Plant species are characterised
8.2.3 Veld assessment techniques are demonstrated

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

LO 8.3 Identify and describe species succession in rangelands and


pastures

Outcome Assessment Criteria:

8.3.1 Rangeland and pasture succession are defined


8.3.2 Stages and processes in rangeland and pasture succession are described
8.3.3 Rangeland and pasture management succession interventions are implemented

Module Content

Rangeland Management
Pasture Management
Succession Management

Tools and Equipment

Fencing material
Fencing equipment
Saws
Slashers
Pruning shears
Pangas

Materials

Stationery

Delivery Strategy:

Lectures
Demonstrations
Discussions
Practical exercises/ case studies
Group tasks

Assessment Strategy:

Assignments
Practical
Examination

Assessment and certification

In order to gain credits for this module, a candidate must be assessed and demonstrate
competency in all the learning outcomes and outcome assessment criteria of this module.

41
National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

Assessment will be conducted by accredited assessors. The results of the assessment will be
submitted to ZIMEQA. A candidate can apply to ZIMEQA for documentary evidence of their
achievements.

42
National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

MODULE 9

Module Title: Value Addition

Module Code TBA

ZQF Level: NFC

Duration: 35hrs

Unit standard/s covered by the module: Value Addition through Community


Mobilisation

Pre-requisite modules: TBA

Date of Promulgation: TBA

Review Date: TBA

Aim of the Module

By the end of the module the learner will be able to organise processing of surplus crops and
other surplus resources for value addition

LEARNING OUTCOMES AND OUTCOME ASSESSMENT CRITERIA

LO 9.1 Mobilise communities

Outcome Assessment Criteria:

9.1.1 Formation of clubs and associations is facilitated


9.1.2 Formation of local processing centres is facilitated

LO 9.2 Perform value addition

Outcome Assessment Criteria:

9.2.1 Value addition methods/techniques are demonstrated


9.2.2 Product development, packaging and labelling are facilitated
9.2.3 Producer to consumer marketing systems are established

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

LO 9.3 Facilitate community entrepreneurship

Outcome Assessment Criteria:

9.3.1 Basic financial management skills demonstrated


9.3.2 Basic marketing skills articulated

Module Content

Entrepreneurship
Value Addition
Community Mobilisation

Tools and Equipment

Book-keeping materials
Packaging equipment
Labelling equipment

Materials

Stationery

Delivery Strategy:

Lectures
Demonstrations
Discussions
Practical exercises/ case studies
Group tasks

Assessment Strategy:

Assignments
Practical
Examination

Assessment and certification

In order to gain credits for this module, a candidate must be assessed and demonstrate
competency in all the learning outcomes and outcome assessment criteria of this module.

Assessment will be conducted by accredited assessors. The results of the assessment will be
submitted to ZIMEQA. A candidate can apply to ZIMEQA for documentary evidence of their
achievements.

44
National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

PART III

MINISTRY OF HIGHER AND TERTIARY EDUCATION

HIGHER EDUCATION EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL (HEXCO)

QUALIFICATION STANDARD

FOR

FARMER FICILITATOR: INTEGRATED LAND USE DESIGN-SOIL


(AGRICULTURE)

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

SECTOR: AGRICULTURE

QUALIFICATION FOR A FARMER FACILITATOR

QUALIFICATION CODE: TBA

LEVEL: NATIONAL FOUNDATION CERTIFICATE

DATE OF PROMULGATION: TBA

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

Foreword

This document constitutes the first draft of a standard for the occupation of a Farmer Facilitator
which was developed using Occupational Competence Profiles (OCPs) as a basis.

This is in preparation for the registration of the Standards on the Zimbabwe Qualifications
Framework (ZQF). The ZQF is expected to be administered by the Zimbabwe Examinations
Qualifications Authority (ZIMEQA) once the ZIMEQA Bill currently before parliament
becomes law.

In line with the SADC Protocol on Education and Training, each SADC member state was
tasked to come up with its own Qualifications Framework that shall subsequently be linked to
the Regional Qualifications Framework (RQF). The development and registration of standards
on a qualifications framework is meant to facilitate the upward and horizontal movement of
individuals in their occupations, across occupations or in their areas of study within the country
or the SADC region.

As a draft, certain sections have not yet been addressed. These sections are denoted by a [TBA]
and will be attended to as information is finalised.

For ease of reference, a definition of terms commonly used in this document is included in the
document.

This particular standard, for the occupation of a Farmer Facilitator was developed with the active
participation of expert workers from the industry.

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

Definition of Terms

Assessment A process of collecting evidence of a learners work to measure and make


judgements about the achievement or non-achievement of the specified
National Qualifications Framework standards or qualifications.

Certification Awarding of approved documentary evidence of a qualification.

Common essential Universal skills which apply to more than one occupation.
skills

Competences Critical relevant knowledge, skills and attitudes a learner requires in order
required in to achieve specified outcomes before assessment.
readiness for
assessment

Credit The value assigned to a unit completed or a value assigned to a unit


standard which reflects the relative time and effort required to complete
the outcomes.

Date of Date when standard and qualification have been approved, registered and
promulgation gazetted.

Element The smallest component of a unit with a meaningful outcome.

Level Position of achievement on the ZQF indicating depth, breadth and


complexity of competency.

Level descriptor A specific indicator of competence level on the ZQF.

Occupation A group of related economically beneficial work activities performed by a


person.

Performance A statement of competence or achievement against which the attainment


criteria of outcomes is measured.

Qualification Formal award of recognition of the achievement of the required


competency and/or capability level of the Zimbabwe Qualifications
Framework as may be determined by the relevant bodies registered for
such purpose by the Authority.

Range statement The context within which a competence is performed and assessed.

Review Date Date of revision of qualification as and when necessary but not later than
three years from date of issue.

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

Sector A section of the economy in which operators produce or provide similar


products or services.

Standard Registered statement of desired education and training outcomes and their
assessment criteria.

Unit The smallest combination of work activities capable of being a full-time


economically beneficial occupation.

Unit Standard Registered statement(s) of desired education and training outcomes, their
associated assessment criteria together with administrative information as
specified.

ZQF National qualifications framework approved by the minister for


registration of national standards and qualifications.

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

LEVEL DESCRIPTORS

[TBA]

(Information on the description of levels still pending)

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

UNIT TITLES

NO. UNIT DURATION

1 Carry out Integrated Land Use Design- Soil 30

2 Soil Management 90

3 Crop Management 140

4 Animal Management 50

5 Woodlands Management 50

6 Value Addition Through Community Mobilisation 60

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

SUMMARY OF STANDARD

UNIT UNIT TITLE CREDITS ELEMENTS


NO.
1 Carry out Integrated 11 1.1 Identify the land to be designed
Land Use Design- Soil 1.2 Demonstrate knowledge of
integrated land use design in relation to soil
1.3 Carryout integrated land use design

2 Soil Management 9 2.1Soil types


2.2 Soil Organisms
2.3 Build and maintain soil fertility
2.4 Practise Agro-forestry and conservation
farming

3 Crop Management 14 3.1 Assess local practices and beliefs


3.2 Production of seeds and bulking
3.3 Prepare field plans
3.4 Land preparation
3.5 Plant crops
3.6 Integrated plant pest management
3.7 Harvesting and storage

4 Integrated Animal 5 4.1 Integrate Local farm Animals into the


Management farming system
4.2 Rangeland and Pastures

5 Woodlands 5 5.1 Develop wood forest


Management 5.2 Develop Woodlands for Species
Conservation and Watershed Management

6 Value Addition 6 6.1 Communities mobilisation to organise


Through Community local processing of crop surplus
Mobilisation
6.2 Communities organisation to establish
processing centres to carryout value
addition

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

UNIT 1

Unit Title: Carry out Integrated Land Use Design- Soil

Unit Code TBA

ZQF Level: NFC

Duration: 30 hours

Occupation: Farmer Facilitator-ILUD-Soil

Date of Promulgation: TBA

Review Date: TBA

Aim of the unit standard

This unit will enable an individual to design, implement and monitor an Integrated Land Use
Design

ELEMENTS AND PERFORMANCE CRITERIA

Element 1.1 Identify the land to be designed

Performance Criteria:

1.1.1 The land to be designed is demarcated


1.1.2 The resources are identified
1.1.3 A plan is developed

Element 1.2 Demonstrate knowledge of integrated land use design in relation


to soil

Performance Criteria:

1.2.1 Principles and ethics of Integrated land Use Design are defined
1.2.2 Integrated land Use Design principles eg. Natural ethics, socialism, holistic decision
making etc

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

Element 1.3 Carryout integrated land use design

Performance Criteria:

1.3.1 Integrated land Use Design is implemented


1.3.2 Integrated land Use Design is monitored and evaluated

Competences required in readiness for assessment

Designing
Demonstration
Identification
Implementation
Facilitation
Practical
Monitoring

Common essential skills

Literacy
Numeracy
Communication

Tools and equipment

A-frame
Hand tools
Tape measure

Materials

Stationery

Assessment and Certification

In order to gain credits for this unit standard, a candidate must be assessed and demonstrate
competency in all the elements and performance criteria of this unit standard.

Assessment will be conducted by accredited assessors. The results of the assessment will be
submitted to ZIMEQA. A candidate can apply to ZIMEQA for documentary evidence of their
achievements.

54
National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

UNIT 2

Unit Title Soil Management

Unit Code TBA

ZQF Level: NFC

Duration: 90 hours

Occupation: Farmer Facilitator-ILUD-Soil

Date of Promulgation: TBA

Review Date: TBA

Aim of the unit standard

This unit will enable an individual to manage and conserve soil and soil fertility effectively

ELEMENTS AND PERFORMANCE CRITERIA

Element 2.1 Soil types

Performance Criteria:

2.1.1 Parent material is identified


2.1.2 Soil types are classified
2.1.3 Soil formation processes are described

Element 2.2 Soil Organisms

Performance Criteria:

2.2.1 Soil macro organisms are identified and classified


2.2.2 Soil micro organisms are identified and classified
2.2.3 Soil macro organisms and micro organisms life cycles are described3

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

Element 2.3 Build and maintain soil fertility

Performance Criteria:

2.3.1 Nutrient cycles described


2.3.2 Methods of improving soil fertility are execute
2.3.3 Methods of soil conservation are implemented
2.3.4 Soil sampling techniques are carried out
2.3.5 Simple soil testing techniques are carried out

Element 2.4 Practise Agro-forestry and conservation farming

Performance Criteria:

2.4.1 Agro-forestry techniques practised to improve soil fertility


2.4.2 Conservation farming techniques practised to improve soil fertility

Competences required in readiness for assessment:

Building
Designing
Classification
Identification
Conservation
Facilitation
Practical
Monitoring

Common essential skills

Literacy
Numeracy
Communication

Tools and equipment

Cultivating tools
Hand tools
Weathering equipment
Rain gauge

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

Materials

Stationery

Assessment and Certification

In order to gain credits for this unit standard, a candidate must be assessed and demonstrate
competency in all the elements and performance criteria of this unit standard.

Assessment will be conducted by accredited assessors. The results of the assessment will be
submitted to ZIMEQA. A candidate can apply to ZIMEQA for documentary evidence of their
achievements.

57
National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

UNIT 3

Unit Title Crop Management

Unit Code TBA

ZQF Level: NFC

Duration: 140 hours

Occupation: Farmer Facilitator-ILUD-Soil

Date of Promulgation: TBA

Review Date: TBA

Aim/purpose of the unit standard

This unit will enable an individual to manage crop production

ELEMENTS AND PERFORMANCE CRITERIA

Element 3.1 Assess local practices and beliefs

Performance Criteria:

3.1.1 An inventory of cropping practices and beliefs is compiled


3.1.2 A decision is made after local practices have been analysed

Element 3.2 Production of seeds and bulking

Performance Criteria:

3.2.1 Types of seed identified and described


3.2.2 Basic seed production techniques are practised
3.2.3 Seed processing and packaging techniques carried out
3.2.4 Seed sampling techniques executed for certification following Seed Act and Regulations

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

Element 3.3 Prepare field plans

Performance Criteria:

3.3.1 Cropping and inputs programme is developed


3.3.2 Field lay out is designed
3.3.3 Field plans marked out

Element 3.4 Land preparation

Performance Criteria:

3.4.1 Land preparation tools listed and in place


3.4.2 Land preparation techniques implemented
3.4.3 Water harvesting and conservation techniques put in place

Element 3.5 Plant crops

Performance Criteria:

3.5.1 Plant population estimated


3.5.2 Plant stations marked out
3.5.3 Crop seed placed in stations

Element 3.6 Integrated plant pest management

Performance Criteria:

3.6.1 Integrated plant pest management concepts explained


3.6.2 Integrated plant pest management techniques practised following established principles
3.6.3 Beneficial effects of integrated plant pest management demonstrated

Element 3.7 Harvesting and storage

Performance Criteria:

3.6.1 Appropriate harvesting techniques practised


3.6.2 Appropriate storage techniques implemented

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

Competences required in readiness for assessment

Assessment
Planting
Bulking
Controlling
Implementation
Harvesting
Management
Storing
Facilitation
Practical
Monitoring

Common essential skills

Literacy
Numeracy
Communication

Tools and equipment

Cultivating tools
Hand tools
Weathering equipment
Rain gauge
Spraying equipment
Harvesting equipment
Storage facility and equipment
Packaging material
Irrigation equipment

Materials

Stationery

Assessment and Certification

In order to gain credits for this unit standard, a candidate must be assessed and demonstrate
competency in all the elements and performance criteria of this unit standard.

Assessment will be conducted by accredited assessors. The results of the assessment will be
submitted to ZIMEQA. A candidate can apply to ZIMEQA for documentary evidence of their
achievements.

60
National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

UNIT 4

Unit Title Integrated Animal Management

Unit Code TBA

ZQF Level: NFC

Duration: 50 hours

Occupation: Farmer Facilitator-ILUD-Soil

Date of Promulgation: TBA

Review Date: TBA

Aim of the unit standard

This unit will enable an individual to manage an integrated animal management system

ELEMENTS AND PERFORMANCE CRITERIA

Element 4.1 Integrate Local farm Animals into the farming system

Performance Criteria:

4.1.1 Local farm animals identified and classified


4.1.2 Roles of farm animals identified
4.1.3 Animal management techniques practiced
4.1.4 Fertility cycles implemented

Element 4.2 Rangeland and Pasture Management

Performance Criteria:

4.2.1 Rangeland and pasture defined


4.2.2 Multi-station grazing system implemented
4.2.3 Beneficial and luvasive plant species identified
4.2.4 Rangeland management techniques practiced

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

Competences required in readiness for assessment

Planning
Demonstration
Identification
Implementation
Management
Facilitation
Practical
Monitoring

Common essential skills:

Literacy
Numeracy
Communication

Tools and equipment

Fencing tools
Dozing guns
Dipping facilities
Castrating and dehorning equipment
Dairy facilities, tools and equipment
Vaccinating, medicinal and stocking facilities
Weighing balances
Feed mills
Slaughtering equipment

Materials

Stationery

Assessment and Certification

In order to gain credits for this unit standard, a candidate must be assessed and demonstrate
competency in all the elements and performance criteria of this unit standard.

Assessment will be conducted by accredited assessors. The results of the assessment will be
submitted to ZIMEQA. A candidate can apply to ZIMEQA for documentary evidence of their
achievements.

62
National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

UNIT 5

Unit Title Management of Woodlands

Unit Code TBA

ZQF Level: NFC

Duration: 50 hours

Occupation: Farmer Facilitator-ILUD-Soil

Date of Promulgation: TBA

Review Date: TBA

Aim of the unit standard

This unit will enable an individual to manage woodlands

ELEMENTS AND PERFORMANCE CRITERIA

Element 5.1 Develop Woodlands Forest

Performance Criteria:

5.1.1 Local level guidelines for woodland established


5.1.2 Woodland management techniques practised

Element 5.2 Develop Woodlands for Species Conservation and Watershed


Management

Performance Criteria:

5.2.1 Woodland species identified, classified and analysed


5.2.2 Woodlands are managed for ecological succession and watershed management

Competences required in readiness for assessment

Developing
Identification
Classify
Analyse

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

Demonstration
Management skill
Implementation
Facilitation
Practical
Monitoring

Common essential skills:

Literacy
Numeracy
Communication

Tools and equipment

Ploughing tools
Cultivators
Tractors
Hand tools

Materials

Stationery

Assessment and Certification

In order to gain credits for this unit standard, a candidate must be assessed and demonstrate
competency in all the elements and performance criteria of this unit standard.

Assessment will be conducted by accredited assessors. The results of the assessment will be
submitted to ZIMEQA. A candidate can apply to ZIMEQA for documentary evidence of their
achievements.

64
National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

UNIT 6

Unit Title Value Addition through Community Mobilisation

Unit Code TBA

ZQF Level: NFC

Duration: 60 hours

Occupation: Farmer Facilitator-ILUD-Soil

Date of Promulgation: TBA

Review Date: TBA

Aim of the unit standard

This unit will enable an individual to facilitate value addition through community mobilisation

ELEMENTS AND PERFORMANCE CRITERIA

Element 6.1 Communities Mobilisation to Organise Local Processing of Crop


Surplus

Performance Criteria:

6.1.1 Facilitate the formation of smallholder clubs and associations to carryout value addition
6.1.2 Train smallholder farmers in basic entrepreneurship skills

Element 6.2 Community Organisation Establish Processing Centres to


Carryout Value Addition

Performance Criteria:

6.2.1 Facilitate communities to acquire processing machinery, tools, equipment and skills
6.2.2 Mobilise communities to establish local farmer markets and direct farmer-consumer
marketing

Competences required in readiness for assessment

Planning
Demonstration

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National Foundation Certificate in Agro-ecology and Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Land Use
Design - Soil

Identification
Implementation
Facilitation
Practical
Monitoring

Common essential skills:

Literacy
Numeracy
Communication

Tools and equipment

Bee-keeping materials

Materials

Stationery

Assessment and Certification

In order to gain credits for this unit standard, a candidate must be assessed and demonstrate
competency in all the elements and performance criteria of this unit standard.

Assessment will be conducted by accredited assessors. The results of the assessment will be
submitted to ZIMEQA. A candidate can apply to ZIMEQA for documentary evidence of their
achievements.

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