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My comment as follows: 1.

for a research paper, the background/introduction should be shorter


than current version, and you need mention some background and then focus on what you think
and what you did. 2. For discussion part, normally you can write as experiment-physical
characterization/electrochemical characterization and finally conclusion.
You can organize the paper as the Nanoscale Horizon published by our group and use similar number
of words for each section.

Literature Review:
Bimetallic MOFs have been extensively studied recently for modifying of framework
characteristics. This includes the improvement of framework stability, adsorption and
absorption behaviour of gases, catalytic reactivity on surfaces and even magnetic
properties [13]. A general approach towards the bimetallic MOFs is to use two different metal
reactant ions in the conventional solvo-/solvothermal reaction process. During the process, the
reaction of an organic ligand with the two different metal ions will result in a single bimetallic
phase rather than a mixture of two homometallic [13] phase of MOFs.
There are several works done in modifying MOFs to obtain the optimum morphology
for large surface areas of reactions and good electrocatalyst performances. One area of
modification is the use of bimetallic MOFs. They are used as templates for deriving metal
oxides or meso/nanoporous carbons. Extensive studies have been done to synthesise bimetallic
metal organic frameworks where different morphologies and characteristics can be formed,
which may be favourable for better electrode synthesis. In a study done by Song et al. [14], the
cobalt-based bimetallic phosphide encapsulated in carbonised zeolitic framework synthesised
with different compositions are used for water electrolysis. Upon mild doping of CuxCo3-
xP/Nitrogen-doped Carbon (NC) where x=0.3, the lowest charge transfer resistance and largest
reaction kinetics can be obtained, which present opportunities for the material to be developed
into a highly conducting electrode. The behaviour can be explained when one Co atom is
replaced by a Cu atom, there is charge accumulation around the Co atom with less accumulation
around the Cu atom. No charge accumulation has been found, hence no bond is formed between
the P and Cu atoms. Hence, this enhances the conductivity in Cu-doped systems as the
introduction of Cu decreases the number of covalent bonds Co-P in the systems by creating
more free electrons [14].
In another study, the development of Fe-doped CoP nanoarray on Ti foil (Fe-CoP/Ti)
was demonstrated with superior activity as a sturdy monolithic water-splitting catalyst [15].
The nanoarrays provide a favourable characteristic whereby it has high structural stability,
large surface area with more exposed active sites and high cycling stability. The high
performing compound can be further investigated as a potential material for supercapacitor
applications as the nanostructures are desirable and allow for high and efficient electrolyte
penetration.
Several studies have been conducted on incorporating nickel with cobalt into MOFs to
produce ultrathin-nanosheets for electrocatalytic oxygen evolution [16]. By developing
ultrathin MOFs in 2D nanosheets, MOFs-based high performance electrocatalysts can be
obtained as the ultrathin thickness allow for extremely quick mass transport, efficient electron
transfer and significant amount of exposed catalytic surfaces for high evolution activity. This
leads to excellent catalytic stability and high reactivity on material surface with intimate contact
with electrodes [17]. In addition, the ultrathin nanosheets allow for more surface dangling
bonds of unsaturated metal atoms as main active centres for electrocatalytic activity, and it is
further enhanced by the bimetal coupling between Co and Ni.
In a particular study [18], bimetallic sulphides showed obvious enhanced performance
as compared with those of pure cobalt sulphides (Co3S4). Homogenous bimetallic MOFs are
used as templates to transform into hollow bimetallic sulfides by solvothermal sulfidation and
thermal annealing. Especially for ZnxCo3xS4, optimal Hydrogen Evolution Reduction (HER)
catalytic activity occurs when x=0.3, with low overpotential and low Tafel slope. In addition,
the exchange current density obtained for Zn0.3Co2.7S4 is 6 times higher compared to that of
pristine Co3S4 [18]. These enhanced behaviour of the bimetallic sulphide are obtained in both
alkaline and neutral media, with excellent stability and nearly 100% faradaic yield and
observed to be better than most of the reported transition-metal based HER electrocatalysts
with similar catalyst loading. It has thus been proposed that the secondary metal helps stabilise
the Co-based building blocks into the bimetallic compound [19], and enhanced reactivity which
promotes the water dissociation in HER. Thus, in addition to transition metal doping with zinc,
similar works also shows that bimetal MoSx (Co or Ni) [19]has improved HER stability and
activity when operated in alkaline or neutral media.
Therefore, it is of particular interest to take advantages of the characteristics exhibited
by the bimetallic compounds and MOFs, which will mainly consist of deriving the metal oxide
from the MOFs for electrode material, which can then be used in improving the characteristics
required for supercapacitor applications.