Name________________________________________

Absolutism
France
1. Who developed the new form of literature known as the essay?________________________
2. Who was getting married the day of the St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre?__________________
3. What was the major dynasty that ruled France during the Age of Absolutism?________________
And who was the first of this dynasty?_________________
4. What was the Edict of Nantes?_____________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
5. Who was Louis XIII’s major advisor?__________________________
6. In what two ways did Louis XIII advisor strengthen the French Monarchy?__________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
7.What dynasty did Louis XIII’s advisor felt was the biggest threat to France?__________________
8. What is skepticism?______________________________________________________________
9. Who is considered the most powerful leader in French history and the ultimate absolute ruler?
__________________
10. What did the motto “L’etat, c’est moi” mean?_______________________________________
11. Who was Cardinal Mazarin?_____________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
12. What event in Louis XIV life made it so he wanted to be an absolute ruler? ________________
________________________________________________________________________________
13. Who was the Louis XIV’s brilliant economic advisor and what economic system did he believe
in? _______________________ and ______________________
14. What had been the purpose of art during the Middle Ages?__________________ and during the
Renaissance it was to _____________________ now during Absolutism the purpose of art was to
_______________________
15. What term means to have alliance’s so no one country is too powerful?____________________
16. What alliance was made to keep Louis XIV at bay?_________________________________
17. During the War of Spanish Succession what dynasty died out?_______________ and what
dynasty actually became more powerful?______________ what was the name of the treaty that
ended the War of Spanish Succession?_______________________ what was the name for the war
in the America’s?_______________________. What country actually gained the most from the
war?___________________ The War of Spanish Succession also allowed what dynasty to condense
its holdings?___________________________

Central Europe
1. What allowed German rulers to pick the religion best suited for their people?________________
Except what religion was not allowed?______________________
2. How did the Thirty Year’s War start?________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
3. What King and his little army turn the tide of the war?__________________________________
4. Though a religious war what Catholic country sided with the Protestants?___________________
why did the leaders of this country do this?_____________________________________________

Name________________________________________
5. What did the Thirty Year’s war do to the area we call Germany today and what did it prevent?
______________________________________________________________________________
6. What treaty ended the Thirty Year’s war and what 5 important things came out of this treaty?
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
7. What ultimately was the most important result of the Thirty Year’s War?____________________
________________________________________________________________________________
8. Why did Central European nations take so long to mature compared to the West?_____________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
9. Unlike the west Central European countries still had a threat from _________________________
10. Charles VI of Austria had to do what to insure that his family would stay in power?__________
________________________________________________ This is known as Pragmatic Sanction
your book did not name it but you should know the name.
11.What two royal families had designs on Central Europe?______________and_______________
12.What war was ended with the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle? ________________ that was was also
Known as ______________________ in the America’s.
13. During what war was Austria,France, and Russia against Great Britain and Prussia?
________________________ that war was known as the _____________________________ war
in the America’s. This war saw no territorial changes in Europe but ________________ lost all her
colonies in North America to ________________ and ________________ gain sole economic
domination in India.
** Maria Theresa’s rule marked the beginning of the Hapsburg-Lorraine dynasty also one of her
daughter’s was Marie Antoinette of French fame that we will talk about later****

Russia
1. Why is Ivan III so important? ______________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
2. Who was the first Absolute ruler of Russia?________________________ what title did he take
For himself?________________________
3. Upon the death of his wife _______________________, Ivan blamed the ________________ for
poisoning his wife.
4. Upon the death of Ivan’s remaining son Russia went through the_______________________in
1613 _______________ became the new Czar thus establishing the _______________ dynasty.
5. Because of the Mongols what two major time periods did Russia not go through that Western
Europe went through thus making Russia backwards?_____________________________ and
______________________________
6. At this time the only major sea port for Russia to the west was?______________________
7. What religious difference did the Russia have?______________________________________

Name________________________________________
8. What Russian leader was the first to travel west and what was his journey called?_____________
_______________________________________________
9. What are some examples of Peter’s westernization of Russia?_____________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
10. What city finally became Russia’s “window of Europe”?______________________________

England
1. Who had been England’s major leader at the beginning of the Age of Absolutism?
_________________________________________
2. King James I had problems with what religious group?_________________ what is actually his
greatest contribution to religion?______________________
3. _______________followed King James I and was forced to sign the _____________________
by Parliament which included the following four points a)________________________________
_____________b)_________________________________________c)_______________________
________________________d)____________________________________________
4.From 1629 until 1641 Charles I dissolved _______________________
5. From 1642 until 1649 England fought a _______________________, those that supported the
King were known as _______________ (nickname). The major general for those that were proparliament was _____________________.
6. With the public execution of ________________ it marked the first time a reigning monarch in
Europe faced a public trial and execution.
7. Cromwell at first established a ___________________ in England and his good friend
_______________________ even established a written constitution the first in Europe but
Cromwell tore it up and formed a _____________________
8. With the victory of Cromwell what religion became dominate in England?__________________
9. What religious group did Cromwell allow to return ________________ but he did not tolerate
what religion?_________________________
10. When Cromwell dies the people of England ask who to rule them?________________________
His reign is known as the ______________________
11. Why is the Habeas Corpus Act important?___________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
12.What gave rise to England’s first political parties?_____________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
13. When Charles II dies who becomes King?___________________ why did many people in
England dislike him?__________________________ so Parliament invited ___________________
To overthrow the King, this bloodless revolution is known as the ___________________________
14. In 1688 England became a ______________________________ no longer any form of
Absolute Monarchy. Parliament drafted the ____________________ that made clear the limits to
the English Monarchy.
15. What became the link between monarchy and the major party in power in parliament in
England?_____________________________ thus the leader of the majority party in parliament is
known as the______________________ .

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