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List of infectious diseases • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever : most severe

The various causes of common infectious diseases are rickettsial illness in the United States.
bacteria, fungus, parasites, prions and viruses. • Salmonellosis : causes typhoid fever, paratyphoid
fever and foodborne illness.
Bacterial infectious diseases
• Scarlet fever : infection may occur through
bloodstream or skin and underlying tissues.
• Anthrax : multiplication of Bacillus anthracis in the • Shigellosis : dysentery due to poor hygiene.
body. • Syphilis : sexually transmitted disease due to sexual
• Bacterial meningitis : inflammation of the protective contact or congenital mode.
membranes of the central nervous system. • Tetanus : prolonged contraction of skeletal muscle
• Botulism : blockage of nerve function and respiratory fibers.
as well as musculoskeletal paralysis. • Trachoma : infectious disease of human eye probably
• Brucellosis : entrance of Brucella bacteria by direct leading to blindness.
contact or untreated/contaminated milk of animals. • Tuberculosis : generally attacks the lungs but may
• Campylobacteriosis : an inflammatory and at times affect central nervous system, circulatory system,
bloody diarrhea or dysentery. lymphatic system, bones, joints, genitourinary system
• Cat scratch disease : after 7 to 14 days or 2 months and skin.
after a cat scratch, tender regional • Tularemia : heachache, fatigue, muscle pains,
lymphadenopathy, slight fever, headache, chills, dizziness, nausea, loss of appetite, inflammation of
malaise, abdominal pain, backache, convulsions or face and eyes and lymph nodes.
sterile suppurative papules at the site of inoculation • Typhoid fever : due to ingestion of food or water
occur. adulterated with feces of an infected person.
• Cholera : transmission of Vibrio cholerae by • Typhus : severe headache, sustained high fever,
ingestion of contaminated food or water causes severe muscle pain, rash, cough, chills, stupor,
diarrheal disease. decreasing blood pressure, delirium characterize it.
• Diphtheria : upper respiratory tract illness having • Urinary tract infections : cystitis or pyelonephritis.
sore throat, low-grade fever and an adherent layer
on the tonsils, nasal cavity, pharynx.
• Epidemic Typhus : caused by louse-borne bacteria. Fungal infectious diseases
• Gonorrhea : common sexually transmitted disease
caused by Neisseria gonorrheae. • Aspergillosis : allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis
• Impetigo : superficial skin infection common in the or pulmonary aspergilloma or invasive aspergillosis.
age group of 2 to 6. • Blastomycosis : inhalation of fungus from the natural
• Legionellosis : pneumonia or mild respiratory illness soil habitat.
like acute influenza. • Candidiasis : found in exposed and moist parts of the
• Leprosy (Hansen's disease) : granulomatous body like the vagina, vulva, penis, foreskin, skin
disease of the peripheral nerves and mucosa of the around nostrils, nostrils, ear, oral cavity, nipples, folds
upper respiratory tract. of skin in diaper area.
• Leptospirosis : biphasic disease with meningitis, liver • Coccidioidomycosis : caused by inhalation of
damage and renal failure. airborne, fungal particles called arthroconidia.
• Listeriosis : occurs in newborn infants, elderly • Cryptococcosis : caused by inhalation of soil
people and immunocompromised patients. contaminated with the encapsulated yeast.
• Lyme disease : rash and flu symptoms followed by • Histoplasmosis : primarily affects the lungs.
musculoskeletal, psychiatric, neurologic, arthritic and • Tinea pedis : affects the epidermis of the foot.
cardiac manifestations.
• Melioidosis : caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, Parasitic infections diseases
which is found in soil and water.
• MRSA infection : characterized by quick weight loss • African trypanosomiasis : transmitted by the tsetse fly.
and muscle depletion. Symptoms are fever, headaches and joint pains.
• Nocardiosis : Nocardia asteroides or Nocardia • Amebiasis : due to ingestion of water or food
brasiliensis affects either the lungs or the entire contaminated with amoebic cysts.
body.
• Ascariasis : due to ingestion of food contaminated
• Pertussis (Whooping cough) : severe hacking cough
with fecal matter containing Ascaris eggs.
followed by high intake of breath.
• Babesiosis : generally transmitted by ticks.
• Plague : occurs when person is bitten by an infected
flea. • Chagas disease : transmitted to humans by blood-
sucking assassin bugs.
• Pneumococcal pneumonia : illness of the lungs and
respiratory system where the alveoli are inflammed • Clonorchiasis : caused by the Chinese liver fluke.
and filled with fluid. • Cryptosporidiosis : caused by contaminated material
• Psittacosis : contracted from parrots, pigeons, hens, like earth, water, uncooked or cross-contaminated
ducks, sparrows and sea gulls. food in contact with the feces of an infected person or
animal.
• Q fever : due to inhalation of contaminated particles
in the air or contact with the vaginal mucus, milk, • Cysticercosis : caused by larvae of tapeworm,
feces, semen, urine of infected animals. generally found in pork.
• Diphyllobothriasis : characterized by abdominal transmitted to human beings who eat infected
discomfort, vomiting, weight loss and diarrhea. carcasses.
• Dracunculiasis : caused by drinking water containing • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease : rare and incurable
infected copepods. degenerative neurological disorder (brain disease).
• Echinococcosis : fatal disease due to infection by • Fatal familial insomnia : rare autosomal dominant
tapeworm larvae. inherited brain disease, that is fatal.
• Enterobiasis : infection due to pinworms leading to • Kuru : characterized by headaches, joint pains and
poor appetite, restless sleep and itching of the anus. shaking of the limbs. Affects the brain and is fatal.
• Fascioliasis : caused by Fasciola hepatica and • Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy : a group
Fasciola gigantica. of progressive conditions that affect the brain and
• Fasciolopsiasis : caused when aquatic plants are nervous systems.
eaten raw and water drunk unheated.
• Filariasis : transmitted by mosquitoes or deer fly. Viral infections diseases
• Free-living amebic infection : caused by Naegleria
fowleri and Acanthamoeba found in lakes, tap water, • AIDS : specific damage to the immune system caused
swimming pools and air conditioning units. by human immunodeficiency virus.
• Giardiasis : starts in the small intestine. • AIDS related complex : individuals susceptible to
• Gnathostomiasis : due to migrating immature opportunistic infections and tumors.
worms. • Chickenpox (Varicella) : caused by varicella-zoster
• Hymenolepiasis : caused by Hymenolepis nana or virus and spots appear mainly on the body and head.
Hymenolepis diminuta. • Common cold : disease of the upper respiratory
• Isosporiasis : symptoms are diarrhea and weight system. Also called acute viral nasopharyngitis.
loss. Sometimes linked with AIDS. • Cytomegalovirus infection : generally concerning
• Leishmaniasis : transmitted by certain varieties of salivary glands, though may be found anywhere in the
sand fly. body.
• Malaria : transmitted by female Anopheles • Colorado tick fever : transmitted from the bite of an
mosquitoes. infected wood tick.
• Metagonimiasis : symptoms are diarrhea and colicky • Dengue fever : transmitted by Aedes aegypti
abdominal pain. mosquito.
• Myiasis : caused by fly larvae feeding on the host's • Ebola haemorrhagic fever : symptoms are diarrhea,
necrotic or living tissue. internal and external bleeding, fever, general body
• Onchocerciasis : the second leading infectious pain and vomiting.
cause of blindness. • Hand, foot and mouth disease : common cause is
• Pediculosis : infestation of lice on the human body. Coxsackie A virus and usually affects infants and
• Scabies : characterized by superficial burrows, children.
secondary infection and intense itching. • Hepatitis : characterized by the presence of
• Schistosomiasis : due to infection of the blood with inflammatory cells in the liver tissue.
schistosome leading to weakness, liver and • Herpes simplex : symptoms are itching, swelling,
intestinal damage. emission of fluid from swelling, headache, fatigue,
• Taeniasis : infection involving pork and beef overall gloomy mental state.
tapeworms. • Herpes zoster : affects the nervous system with or
• Toxocariasis : caused by ingestion of dog or cat without appearance of a rash on the skin.
roundworm. • HPV : DNA-based viruses that infect the skin and
• Toxoplasmosis : due to ingestion of raw or partly mucous membranes.
cooked meat, contaminated cat feces, drinking water • Influenza (Flu) : symptoms are sore throat, fever,
containing Toxoplasma, transplacental infection in headache, muscle pains, weakness, coughing and
utero or infected organ transplant or blood discomfort.
transfusion. • Lassa fever : initially mucosa, intestine, lungs, urinary
• Trichinellosis : caused by eating raw or undercooked systems are affected, then vascular system and then
pork and wild game products infected with the larvae every tissue in the body.
of a species of roundworm. • Measles : is spread through respiration and is highly
• Trichuriasis : infection of the large intestine by a contagious.
parasite whipworm. • Marburg haemorrhagic fever : spread though bodily
• Trichomoniasis : sexually transmitted disease that fluids like saliva, vomit, blood and excrement.
infects the genitourinary tract. • Infectious mononucleosis : common in adolescents
• Trypanosomiasis : caused by parasitic protozoan and young adults, characterized by fever, muscle
trypanosomes of the genus Trypanosoma. soreness, sore throat, fatigue.
• Mumps : characterized by painful swelling of the
Prion infectious diseases salivary glands and fever. Painful testicular swelling
and rash may also occur.
• Poliomyelitis : spread from one person to other via the
• Alpers syndrome : a progressive degenerative fecal-oral route eg. poor hand washing.
disease of the central nervous system. • Progressive multifocal leukencephalopathy : occurs
• Bovine spongiform encephalopathy : a fatal, exclusively in people with severe immune deficiency.
neurodegenerative disease of cattle that is
• Rabies : transmitted through bites, aerosol through
mucous membranes, transplant surgery or kisses.
• Rubella : virus enters body via nose or throat.
• SARS : symptoms are fever, lethargy, myalgia,
cough, sore throat, gastrointestinal symptoms.
• Smallpox (Variola) : caused by Variola major and
Variola minor. May cause characteristic skin scars
and occasionally blindness due to corneal
ulcerations and infertility in male survivors.
• Viral encephalitis : an acute inflammation of the
brain.
• Viral gastroenteritis : inflammation or infection of the
gastrointestinal tract, generally of the stomach and
intestines.
• Viral meningitis : inflammation of the protective
membranes covering the nervous system.
• Viral pneumonia : an illness of the lungs and
respiratory system.
• West Nile disease : transmitted through the bite of
an infected mosquito.
• Yellow fever : important cause of hemorrhagic
illness in many African and South American nations.