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®

Introduction to
WebSphere® Message Broker Basics

© 2007 IBM Corporation


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Agenda
 What is ESB and Why is it required
 Message Broker Concepts
 Message Flows
 Message Nodes
 The Logical Message Model
 Message Broker Components
 Message Broker Toolkit
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Messaging
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A B
Fred Smith,
C
Graphics Card, 32,
1.50, 07/11/06
<order>
[Customer, Order, <name>Mr. Smith</name>
<item>Graphics Card</item>
Quantity, Price, <quantity>32</quantity>
Date] <price>1.05</price>
<date>11/07/06</date>
</order>
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Depository
Banks

A
Vendor Setup

Vendor
Process Servers Customer Perceived
Budget Maintenance VAN Universal Account
(Imaging) NEW Soundscan In-Stock
Analysis Tool Mesa Data Shows Reconcilliation
Printer S20-Sales
Maintenance Polling Auto
Hand Scan
Customer Replenishment Apps
Printer PO Order
Insertions Sales
Reports Orders
Calendar Corrections

Due Dates Warehouse


Print Costing
General Invoice App Management
Stores & Mrkts Broadcast Maintenance

D
Filter Interface PO
Smart Plus
Smart Plus Millennuim 3.0
Launcher Sales Posting
Cell
Tally Sheet Phones Return to
Mill. Post Load Vendor Credit App
Billing
Equifax
Stock Options
Employee Solution

B
Change Notice Software Satellite
Resource
A04 - Cust System
Scheduling -Promo
Refund Chks
1

DFK Analysis
On-line New
Hire Entry
AAS Price
Resumix P01- Marketing
Employee
Support
Masterfile Bus Systems
P09 - P17
Cobra ABC - ISP
Cyb. website
CTS Co Cycle Physical Tracking
Home Inventory
ACH Deliveries
V04-Sign
Prodigy
System CTO
Banks - ACH and Pos to POS -
Pay Transfers
Host to AS400
Communication
Plan Administrators
(401K, PCS, Life) Spec Source Stock
SKU Tracking Status Price
Counts Testing Supplier
Intercept Sales Compliance
Employee Tax Scanning Layaways
Purchase
Spec
PO
Source SKU
Receiving

E
Scorecard
Performance
Mkt
Reactions
Polling Coop
Price Management SKU Selection
Bonus/HR
System Inventory Info Tool

DRK
ABBX Customer Repair Planning
I35 Early Warning
Tracking
System
Rebate SKU Rep
Transfer
SKU
Purchase
Store Information Order Ad Expense
Monitor
PowerSuite General

C
Ledger
Store
Scorecard
Tex A Sign
System
N. Count Corrections Store Budget
Reporting
Media
Merchandise
Tx
Writer Analysis BMP - Bus
Workspace performance Mngt
EDI
Coordinator

Mngr Approval
Batch Forcasting AIMS Journal Entry Tool Kit
Ad Measurement AP

INVENTORY CONTROL APPS - PC INVENTORY CONTROL APPS - PC ACCTS REC APPS - PC


Cellular
AIMS Rollover OTHER APPS - PC
Ad Reporting House
Launcher Charges

Op. Recon
PSP File
Capital
Projects Connect 3 Credit
SS
In-Home
Data Warehouse Repair Connect 3 Connect 3
PDF Transfe Reports Cash Receipts/Credit
Fixed
Warranty Assets Misc Accounting/Finance Apps - PC/NT
Billing Repair
System Cash Over/
Short
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What needs to be done?

JMS Point MQI HTTP MQI Point


Pub/ Web
to to
Sub Service
Point Point
Interface Logic Interface Logic Interface Logic Interface Logic

Application
Service Application
Service Service
Application Service
Application
Java C++ .NET CICS

 Decouple  Detangle point-to-  Enable applications to  Facilitate


interface logic point connections communicate with each application
from so that any other regardless of reuse
applications application can  Programming languages
 System platforms
talk to any other  Programming models
 Connection protocols
 Data formats

The solution: SOA and the Enterprise Service Bus


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What is an Enterprise Service Bus?


An Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) is a flexible connectivity
infrastructure for integrating applications and services.

An ESB performs the following


between requestor and service
 MATCHES & ROUTES
communications between services

 CONVERTS
between different transport protocols

 TRANSFORMS
between different data formats

 IDENTIFIES & DISTRIBUTES


business events

Shape = Transport protocol


Color = Data format
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What is WebSphere Message Broker?

An ESB…..

Built for universal connectivity and transformation in


heterogeneous IT environments

Exploits MQ enterprise messaging backbone

• Integrates everything through standard protocols and WebSphere Adapters

Enables transformation between a wide range of data formats

Optimized for high-volume processing with a robust set of pre-built mediation function
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Value of Message Broker as an ESB


1. Eliminate point-to-point application connectivity
2. Change your I.T. with minimal disruption
3. Improve business flexibility
4. Reuse services for multiple purposes
Check Credit Book Flight
Travel
Reservation
NEW Check
Traveler Service Service Add new function
Process Service faster

Enterprise Service Bus

Hotel OLD Flight


Flight Book Hotel Book Car Change applications
Availability Availability
Availability
Service Service
Service
Service Service
with no impact to
existing applications
NEW Flight
Availability
Service
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ESB – an evolution of existing IBM technology

Direct Connectivity Traditional Enterprise


(Without middleware) Message Queuing Message Brokering Service Bus
Lines of maintainable code

Connectivity,
mediation & Connectivity logic
custom
adaptation logic Connectivity and
Mediation & mediation logic
custom Connectivity,
adaptation logic Custom adaptation mediation & custom
logic adaptation logic

Application Application Application Application as a


service
All connectivity, Removes the Removes the Reduces application
mediation and connectivity connectivity + to its core business
custom logic logic from the mediation logic from functions
buried within the application the application (i.e. a service)
application.

Reduced development and maintenance; increased flexibility and reuse


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Requirements of a Message Broker

 Join application and information


sources
 Heterogeneous
 Data matching and routing
 Data transformation
 Database integration
 Transactional
 Extensible
 Provide a means of implementing a
services oriented architecture
 Support for standards
 Simple to use
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WebSphere Message Broker


 Universal Connectivity
–Simplify application connectivity to provide a flexible and dynamic infrastructure
 Routes and transforms messages FROM anywhere, TO anywhere
–Supports a wide range of protocols
• MQ, JMS 1.1, HTTP(S), Web Services (SOAP/REST), File, EIS (SAP,SEBL…), TCP/IP…
–Supports a broad range of data formats
• Binary (C/COBOL), XML, Industry (SWIFT, EDI, HIPAA…), User
–Interactions and Operations
• Route, Filter, Transform, Enrich, Monitor, Distribute, Decompose, Correlate, Detect
 Simple programming
–Message Flows to describe application connectivity comprising…
–Message Nodes which encapsulate required integration logic which operate on…
–Message Tree which describes the data in a format independent manner
–Transformation options include Graphical mapping, Java, ESQL, XSL and WTX
 Operational Management
–Wide range of operating system and hardware platforms supported
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WebSphere Message Broker – Protocols and Applications


IBM Protocols Industry and Vendor Protocols
WebSphere MQ (+ PM4Data) Any 3rd -party JMS
(Enterprise applications (+ managed file transfer)) (TIBCO EMS, Sonic MQ, BEA JMS,
webMethods, See Beyond, Vitria)
WebSphere MQ Everyplace
(Mobile device applications) TIBCO Rendezvous
(plug-in component)

WebSphere MQ Telemetry HTTP and HTTP(S)


(RFID, sensors & actuators)

FTP and File


WebSphere MQ Real-time
(Very low latency over WANs, and
the Internet) TCP/IP Sockets

WebSphere MQ Multicast
(Reliable Multicast Messaging (RMM)) SMTP
(Very low latency for LANs) CICS
SAP JDEdwards Custom
Oracle Siebel
Peoplesoft

Enterprise Applications
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WebSphere Message Broker Constructs – Flows and Nodes

Message Flows
.
Provides the processing sequence required
to connect applications together

Nodes
Performs a different (input, output
or processing) action
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Message Nodes

output
node connectors
input
connector

Action
input
input terminal
message
tree output
terminals output
message
trees
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Node Types

 Input Protocol-specific
Transformation
 Output
Logical construct
 Processing

Examples:

HTTP JMS Databas MQ XML Try


Input Outpu e Insert Get Transform Catch
t
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Built-in Nodes

MQInput MQeInpu SCADAInput


t
MQOutput MQeOutput SCADAOutput

MQReply

MQGet

HTTP Input Aggregate


JMS-IP Input Control
HTTP Reply Aggregate Reply
JMS-IP Optimized
HTTP Request Aggregate Request

Publication JMS Input Timeout


Control
JMS Output Timeout Notify
Shaded items also in Event
Broker
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Built-in Nodes (continued)

TryCatch Compute Database

Throw Java Compute DataInsert

Trace XML DataDelete


Transformation
Mapping DataUpdate

Extract Warehouse
Label

RouteToLabel Check/Validate
Reset
Flow Order Content
New Era
Descriptor
Filter

User/Third Party
Shaded items also in Event
Broker
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The Logical Message Model - Addressing


InputRoot OutputRoot

Properties MQMD Body Properties MQMD Other Body

CustomerOrderMessage SupplySystemMessage

Item Address Person Item DespatchTo Supplier

Age Name Height ID Address

First Last
InputRoot.Body.CustomerOrderMessage.Person.Age
Examples:
 Update NAMESDB with the value of InputRoot.Body.CustomerOrderMessage.Person.name.last
 Set the output message OutputRoot.Body.SupplySystemMessage.DespatchTo field to be the value of
the input message InputRoot.Body.CustomerOrderMessage.Address
IBM Software Group | WebSphere software

Message Processing Examples

DataInsert
Compute

IF Body.Person.height > 183 THEN IF (XML format required) THEN


OutputRoot.Properties.MessageFormat = 'XML';
INSERT INTO Database.TallPeople ELSE IF (custom format)
(Name,Height,Age) OutputRoot.Properties.MessageFormat = 'CWF';
VALUES (Body.Person.Name, ELSE IF (SWIFT format)
Body.Person.height, OutputRoot.Properties.MessageFormat = 'TDS';
Body.Person.age); ENDIF;
ENDIF;

public class jcn extends MbJavaComputeNode {


public void evaluate(MbMessageAssembly assembly)
Java throws MbException
Comput {

e String personName =
(String)assembly.getMessage().evaluateXPath(“/Body/Person/Age”);

}
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Message Processing Examples

Mappin
g
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Logical Message Model


 Many message formats have been already
defined
– e.g. MQ, XML, SOAP, MIME, HTTP,
SWIFT, ACORD, AL3, EDI-FACT,
EDI-X.12, FIX, HL7, HIPAA

 …but you can always model your own from


within the advanced Eclipse tooling
– either from scratch or by importing
C structures, XML schema, COBOL
copybooks etc.

 Lazy and opaque parsing capability


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Product Architecture

Broker

Configuration Broker
Message Manager
Broker
Broker
Toolkit

 Broker Development and  Manages a domain of  Standalone runtime


Administration Environment brokers environment
 Based on Rational  Drives deployment  Execution groups for
Application Developer isolation and scalability
 Controls access to domain
 Windows and Linux  Many different platforms
 Also provides runtime
security model and
augmented pub/sub
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Components – Message Brokers Toolkit

 Development of broker artefacts


– e.g. message flows and message sets
– Stored in a local or team repository
 Administration of broker domains
– e.g. deployment and monitoring

 Based on Rational Application Developer


– Eclipse 3.0
– Windows and Linux platforms
Repository
– Included Java, XML development
environment
– Integrated debugging capability
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Simple steps to run what I developed


 The various artifacts we have developed must be grouped together for
deployment
 A Broker Archive file is used for this purpose
 The .bar file is created, populated and then deployed to the desired Broker
 The Toolkit passes this deployment request to the Config Manager who
communicates with the targeted Broker

MsgFlowProject

Deploy
.bar Config Broker
Manager
file
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Thank you for listening!