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Background

In this assignment, you will build a stress polygon diagram to constrain the possible

stress magnitudes for sample data from the Barnett shale. The image logs from which the

fractures were picked in Homework 5 showed no signs of drilling induced tensile

fractures or wellbore breakouts. Use these key observations of the lack of wellbore

failure combined with the relations for borehole stresses and frictional faulting theory to

construct a stress polygon or Zoback-o-gram.

R to follow the steps below. Then, answer the questions below this .PDF document.

Instructions

Use the values below for your calculations of the components of the stress polygon.

Sv = 1.1 psi/ft; This is the vertical stress calculated from Homework 1.

Pp = 0.53 psi/ft;

Use frictional faulting theory relationships from Homework 4 (lecture 6, slide 29) to

calculate the stress magnitude constraints for each faulting regime in units of psi/ft.

a. Plot your results on SHmax vs. Shmin axes as is customary for the stress polygon.

b. Plot the value given of Sv on the same axes and draw in the boundaries between

the allowed stress magnitudes for each faulting regime. Label each area

correspondingly.

1

Part 2: Calculate thermal stress magnitude

Use the values below to calculate the thermal stress magnitude, as the drilling mud is 30

o

C cooler than the formation at the depth of interest (6100 ft).

= 2.4 10 6 !C 1

E = 2 10 4 MPa

T = 30 !C

= 2.2

Use Equation 6.22 from Unit 8, slide 39, to calculate the thermal stress at the depth of

6100 ft. Convert this value to psi/ft to be able to use Equation 7.8 for the next part (1

MPa=145 psi).

Use the values below for your calculations of the stress magnitude constraints.

wBO = 0; Width of Wellbore Breakout (expressed as an angle), setting this value to 0

signifies no wellbore breakouts were observed and the stress state is below the line

plotted.

2

Ceff = 4.0 psi/ft; Effective rock compressive strength.

T ; From part 2.

Use relationships for wellbore stress magnitudes (Lecture 9, slide 23) to calculate the

stress magnitude constraints in units of psi/ft.

a) Calculate the appropriate wellbore failure contour lines for both tensile (blue line)

and compressive failure (red line) using the constants given in Part 1 and the

observations of no drilling induced tensile failures or wellbore breakouts.

b) Plot the results on the same axes used in Part 2. Use the observation of no

wellbore breakouts or drilling induced tensile fractures to constrain the area of the

polygon corresponding to allowable stress states. Shade this area (green).

Part 4: Answer the questions on the webpage below this PDF document.

Use the stress polygon plot and the calculations from Parts 1-3 to find the coordinates of

the points marked 1 through 5 in the above plot in psi/ft. Enter their coordinates on the

webpage below this PDF document. The answers will be posted after the due date.

Numerical entry type responses have only a range of acceptable values (generally +- 10%

or so) and are graded electronically, so please adhere to the value of constants given here

to prevent misgrading of your submissions.

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