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Operating Instructions

E106 Electrolyser 65

E107 Electrolyser 230


Introduction and Intended Use
The growing significance of PEM stored in chemical form in the gases
electrolyzers mirrors the development can be converted back to electrical
of fuel cells. Electrolyzers generate the energy in a fuel cell as and when
hydrogen required by fuel cells from required.
water in an environmentally conscious
manner. The electrical energy required The equipment has been developed for
for this purpose can be gained from teaching and demonstration purposes
renewable sources such as solar cells, only.
wind farms or hydroelectric plants.
Any other use is prohibited.
Water reacts in the electrolyzer under
the influence of electrical energy Danger!
according to the following formula: The hydrogen (H2) and oxygen (O2)
2H20 2H2 + O2. This process takes produced represent a source of danger
place in the MEA (membrane electrode if handled improperly. In order to avoid
assembly). The MEA consists of the any risks you must follow the General
cathode, the anode, and a special Safety Precautions when working with
polymer membrane (PEM) which is the electrolyzer.
permeable to protons but which
presents a barrier to electrons.

Your h-tec electrolyzer functions on the


PEM principle. The gases produced We wish you many enjoyable hours
can be collected in storage tanks (h-tec learning about this technology with the
Storage 1 or Storage 80). The energy electrolyzer!

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General Safety Precautions
z The system is intended for teaching can concentrate to form an explosi-
and demonstration purposes in ve mixture.
schools, universities, institutions and
z As the equipment is capable
companies only.
of producing large
z It may only be set up and operated quantities of hydrogen, we
by a competent person. recommend that hydrogen sensors
be employed for monitoring of the
z Read the Operating Instructions
ambient atmosphere.
before setting up the electrolyzer.
Follow them during use and keep z Remove from the vicinity of
them readily available for reference. the system anything that
could ignite the hydrogen
z Wear protective goggles.
(naked flame, materials that can
z The system is not a toy. Operate the become charged with static elec-
electrolyzer and keep it and the tricity, substances with a catalytic
gases produced out of the reach of action).
small children.
z Remove from the vicinity of the sys-
z Unless specified otherwise, do not tem all substances that could spon-
short-circuit or reverse the polarity of taneously ignite with increased
the terminals. oxygen concentration.
z Do not operate the system empty. z Do not smoke.
Always ensure that it contains
sufficient water (between the water
level marks).
z Hoses, plugs and tanks are used for
z Remove inflammable gases, va-
pressure compensation. They must
pours and liquids from the vicinity of
not be fixed or secured with clamps,
fuel cells and electrolyzers. The
adhesive, etc.
catalysts contained in the system
can trigger spontaneous z Only use the gas storage tanks
combustion. belonging to or supplied with the
system to store gas. Never connect
z Hydrogen and oxygen
other alternatives.
may escape from the
system. To prevent the z Only operate the system at room
gases collecting and temperature and ambient pressure.
forming explosive mixtures only use
z Do not position any solar modules
the system in well-ventilated rooms.
and lights in use closer than the
z Never operate the system in a minimum permitted distance (30 cm
display case, as escaping hydrogen between h-tec solar modules and

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General Safety Precautions
the h-tec Videolight, and 50 cm z Tell your students about any poten-
between them and the h-tec Spot- tial dangers and carefully supervise
light, or see other manufacturers' experimentation.
stipulations).
h-tec will not accept any responsibil-
z The surface of solar modules can ity for injuries or damage sustained
get very hot during extended in the event of these Safety Precau-
operation. tions not being followed.

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Electrolyzer
Electrolyzer StaXX652

Water tank

Negative Positive
terminal terminal
(black) (red)
Oxygen sides
Hydrogen
Hydrogen side outlet

Electrolyzer StaXX
Electrolyzer 65 2

electrolyzer 65
The Electrolyzer StaXX
is a 2 is a two-cell
two-cell electrol- the
havecell
thehave the function
function of supplying
of supplying water and
electrolysis
ysis stack.
stack. The Theofcentre
centre of houses
the cell the cell water andthe
removing removing
oxygenthe oxygen The two
produced.
houses
the the hydrogen
hydrogen side
side of the twoof individual
the two produced. Theare
individual cells twoconnected
individual electrically
cells are
individual
cells. cells.
The two The sides
outer two outer
of thesides
cell of connected
in series. electrically in series.

Electrolyzer
Electrolyzer 2307
StaXX

Water tank

Negative
terminal
(black)

Positive
Hydrogen terminal
outlet (red)
Electrolyzer StaXX
Electrolyzer 230 7

The Electrolyzer
electrolyzer 230 is a7 seven-cell
StaXX is a seven-cell generated escapes
generated escapesthrough
throughthe
thewater
water
electrolysis
electrolysisstack.
stack.The Thewater
waterrequired
required hydrogen produced
tank. The hydrogen producedisiscol-
for electrolysis
electrolysis isis supplied
suppliedfrom
frombelow
below lected through
collected a connecting
through pipe,pipe,
a connecting and is
through
through aa distribution
distributionpipe.
pipe.TheTheoxygen
oxygen delivered
and to the hydrogen
is delivered outlet. outlet.
to the hydrogen

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Operating Instructions
and place the compensation tank
on top of it.
-A-
Deionised 4. Fill the water reservoir of the
-Min-
water electrolyzer with deionised water up
to the -A- mark.
5. Connect the power supply to the
positive (red) and negative (black)
terminals of the electrolyzer.
Observe the maximum permissible
voltage (see Technical Data).
The electric current causes the
1. Read the General Safety water to be split into oxygen and
Precautions. hydrogen.
2. Connect the hydrogen outlet of the The oxygen escapes into the
electrolyzer to the hydrogen inlet of atmosphere; the hydrogen is
the gas storage tank (h-tec Storage 1 collected in the gas storage tank.
or Storage 80).
6. Top up with distilled water when the
3. Fill the h-tec gas storage tank with water level drops below the MIN
distilled water up to the 0 cm3 mark, mark.

Maintenance
Although the described model of z Use fresh, deionised water for each
electrolyzer does not require any session.
maintenance, you should:

Technical Data
Electrolyzer StaXX
65 2 Electrolyzer StaXX
230 7
Item No. 3011
E106 3017
E107
HxWxD 140 x 180 x 120 mm 190 x 264 x 200 mm
Weight 460 g 1.480 g
Electrode area 2 cells of 16 cm2 each 7 cells of 16 cm2 each
Power 15 W at 4 V DC 50 W at 14 V DC
Permissible voltage 3.0 - 4.0 V DC 10.5 - 14.0 V DC
Permissible current 0 - 4.0 A DC 0 - 4.0 A DC
Gas production (H2 ) 65 cm3/min 230 cm3/min