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AUTHOR OBJECTIVES VARIABLES METHODS FINDINGS

Vivar, P., The study investigated Survey questionnaire The results of the study show that
Salvador, P., the municipal solid Solid Waste was made and used Barangay Lahug LGU has a weak
Abocejo, F., (2015) waste management in Management to inquire the enforcement of city ordinances but
VILLAGE-LEVEL Baragay Lahug, Cebu Municipal Solid respondents. One for showed effectiveness and
SOLID WASTE City. Specifically, the Wastes the household and the efficiency through the high
MANAGEMENT IN study aims to achieve is One for the satisfaction by the respondents.
Local
LAHUG, CEBU (a) to examine the Cebu commercial/business The researchers recommend in
Government
CITY, City ordinances and its establishment order answering SWM, the strict
PHILIPPINES implementation on Solid Unit respondents. A implementation and following of
Retrieved from: Waste Management in Republic Act personal interview segregation. The government
http://ojs.ssu.edu.p Barangay Lahug , (b) 9003 with a Barangay LGU shall have to exert more effort as
h/index.php/CDRJ/ practices and City Ordinance Lahug representative financial assistance shall be
article/download/50/ compliance and (c) the 2031 was held to inquire the needed to educate people and
42/ awareness and Lahug amount of waste raise awareness on solid waste
satisfaction of production in management.
Household and Barangay Lahug. Data
Commercial generated from the
respondents in survey interviews
Barangay Lahug were used to generate
concerning the Solid graphs and charts by
Waste Management. analysis and
interpretation
AUTHOR OBJECTIVES VARIABLES METHODS FINDINGS

Guerrero, L.A., The research aimed to Integrated The study used data The study found out that
Maas, G., determine the solid waste indicators from databases waste management
Hogland, W., (2012) stakeholders including Public health, involves a large number of
Solid waste action/behavior that Management Economy and environment. different stakeholders, with
management has a role in the waste Generation They also flaunt different fields of interest
challenges for cities in management process rate questionnaires about the that play a role in shaping
developing countries and to analyze stakeholder and the state of the system of a city, but
Retrieved from: influential factors on Quality solid waste in their city. often it is seen only as a
http://www.sciencedire the system, in more Stakeholder Information was gathered responsibility of the local
ct.com/science/article/ than thirty urban areas from more than thirty urban authorities. The study
pii/S0956053X120042 in 22 developing Influential areas. The results were shows that an effective
05 countries in 4 factor initially explored using a system is not only based in
continents. KolmogorovSmirov test technological solutions but
Developing indicating that the data were also environmental, socio
countries not normally distributed. cultural, legal, institutional
Consequently, a non and economic linkages
standard parametric test was that should be present to
used in the subsequent enable the overall system
statistical analysis. Lastly to function.
Spearmans correlation
coefficient measures to help
obtain relationships between
city factors.
AUTHOR OBJECTIVES VARIABLES METHODS FINDINGS

Mascarenhas, F.O., The study aims to offer an Ethics Approach used in the The study concludes and
DSouza, D.Sr., integrated before Ecology study is the Input found out that If not in
George SJ, S., (2016) duringafter approach of E-waste ProcessOutput redesign, designers and
Ethics of E-waste inputs, processes and Morality Analytic Approach manufacturers should do the
Management: An outputs. They first Sustainability next best thing in waste
InputProcessOutput characterize the e-waste management: such as
Analytic Approach. enterprise in its proper labeling of hazardous
Retrieved from: antecedent inputs of materials, proper bundling
http://journals.sagepub design and production, in and packaging of hazardous
.com/doi/abs/10.1177/ its process of distribution materials that are considered
0258042X16649467 and marketing, and in its absolutely necessary for
consequent outputs of e- safe use of e-products
consumption, e-disposal
and e-waste. Several
ethical theories are
invoked and applied and
their potential for
resolving the e-waste
problem explored.
AUTHOR OBJECTIVES VARIABLES METHODS FINDINGS

Yates, J., The paper aimed to help Food waste The paper addressed The study revealed that
Gutberlet, J., (2011) fill the thematic gap by Organic waste the gaps in urban there is unequal flow of food
Reclaiming and using urban political management political ecology by and food waste as well as it
recirculating urban ecology as a lens for building an empirical opened up the processes of
natures: integrated analyzing flows of food foundation. They subordination and
organic waste in the Brazilian City explore integrated exploitation to challenge and
waste management in of Diadema. organic waste contestation. The finding
Diadema, Brazil management through: also questioned the extent to
Retrieved from: The horizontal which more inclusive waste
http://journals.sagepub integration of management models are
.com/doi/abs/10.1068/ agriculture with capable of escaping process
a4439 solid waste of subordination and
management exploitation. There is now a
The integration need to address the broader
of alternative implications of that finding to
options for one Diadema. The study now
type of waste integrates the technological,
The integration economic, cultural, social,
of informative, and environmental variables
economic, of waste management into a
regulatory and coherent policy framework
voluntary that will facilitate the national
mechanisms implementation of strategies
The integration which have been successful
of different in Diadema, such as
political agents inclusive selective waste
collection and recycling.
AUTHOR OBJECTIVES VARIABLES METHODS FINDINGS

Wilson, D., The paper uses the Integrated The study uses Analytical The study found out that it
Rodic L., lens of integrated and sustainable framework which is possible to make
Scheinberg, A., sustainable waste waste distinguishes three progress in modernizing
Velis, C., management or ISWM management, dimensions for analysis and improving the solid
Alabaster, G., (2012) to analyze the new solid waste divided into two triangle the waste management
Comparative analysis data set compiled on management, hardware components: system. So we need to
of solid waste 20 cities in 6 continents cities, the public health, focus on building up
management in 20 for the UN-Habitat comparative the environment and existing recycling rates,
cities flagship publication; analysis, resource management and on taking measures to
Retrieved from: Solid Waste governance, Software components: bring waste growth under
http://journals.sagepub Management in the technologies, Inclusivity control. This is particularly
.com/doi/full/10.1177/0 Worlds Cities. benchmark Financial Stability important, as every ton of
734242X12437569 indicators, A base of sound waste reduced, reused or
recycled (the 3Rs) is a ton
informal institution
A detailed methodology was of waste that the city does
sector
prepared. Both quantitative not have to pay to collect
and Qualitative covering both and dispose safely. In
general and specific waste summary, a reliable
data. For each city they also approach is to be critical
designate a person or city and creative; to start from
profiler who functioned as the existing strengths of
lead researcher which the city and to build upon
provided most of the data them; and to involve all the
based on their own records. stakeholders in designing
their own local models.
AUTHOR OBJECTIVES VARIABLES METHODS FINDINGS

Babayemi, J.O., The quantity and rate Evaluation The study uses extensive The study found out that
Dauda, K.T., (2009) of solid waste of Solid literature search, they though the level of awareness
Evaluation of Solid generation in several waste also administer of waste
Waste Generation, cities in Nigeria, factors Nigeria questionnaire. Interview collection services and waste
Categories and influencing the Disposal and personal observation management
Disposal Options in generation, solid waste Options were also employed. regulations were relatively
Developing types and categories, Questionnaires high in Abeokuta, the
Countries: A Case collection, administered, covers the percentage of those who
Study of Nigeria disposal, reuse and major parts of Abeokuta: used other indiscriminate
Retrieved from: recycling, and solid waste disposal methods
http://www.ajol.info/ind environmental Panseke like open dumping, open
ex.php/jasem/article/vi problems were Okeilewo burning, and dumping in
ew/55370/43836 investigated in this Ibara housing estate drainages was higher.
study. Asero housing estate Nigerian states should be
Camp energized, and various
And several other environmental organizations
parts of Abeokuta. and societies to do more until
the dreamed clean
environment in Nigeria
becomes a reality. Their
Government should
reinforce waste collection and
disposal systems in
every state while
strengthening and enforcing
the appropriate laws. To
prevent serious
environmental
disaster in Nigeria, priority
should be given to waste
management.
AUTHOR OBJECTIVES VARIABLES METHODS FINDINGS

Amit, R., (2008) This article takes a waste The study used a This article has argued against the
Waste Management in detailed look at the hierarchy couple of data tables large-scale import of recyclable
Developing Asia Can inadequacies of waste international to examine the trend wastes by developing Asian
Trade and management in Asia and engagement in import and export nations based on the proposition
Cooperation Help? underscores the need for waste trading wastes in the Asian that they provide cheap resources
Retrieved from: greater international recycling countries. required for economic growth. The
http://journals.sagepub engagement in tackling solid waste article instead reasoned that there
.com/doi/abs/10.1177/ the menace. In this waste is no alternative to robust
1070496507310742 context, the article management international cooperation for
critically examines the international dissemination of knowledge and
factors behind increasing trade technology and building of
trade in recyclable capacity and institutions in the
wastes involving Asian developing countries as per the
nations and finds that the principles of waste hierarchy.
adverse economic and The 3R concept proposed by
environmental impacts Japan envisages all these but also
resulting from such trade unnecessarily stresses
far outweigh the transboundary movement (or
proclaimed benefits. trade) in wastes.The article
concludes by saying that a high
degree of bilateral, regional, or
multilateral cooperation, rather
than trade in wastes, may be a
better option for these countries,
as it may enable them to develop
appropriate capacities, expertise,
and techniques required for
establishing a modern and
environmentally sound waste-
management model.
AUTHOR OBJECTIVES VARIABLES METHODS FINDINGS

Cornea, N., Solid waste management is Solid waste In this paper, they use an A key dynamic highlighted by
Veron, R., an environmental problem management urban political ecology this case study is the role of
Zimmer, A., (2016) facing local governments in Environment approach to examine a local electoral politics.
Clean city politics: India and elsewhere in the al recent segregation-at- Governance decisions
An urban political global south. Solid waste is governance source project in a small regarding SWM and the
ecology of solid not simply a managerial urban politics town in West Bengal as a environment more generally
waste in West problem but is in many ways urban lens to understand more can come at a political cost,
Bengal, India. a highly political issue that political general multi-scalar, even electoral defeat, which
Retrieved from: involves diverse political ecology socio-political urban in the case of elected
http://journals.sagep actors at different scales. small cities processes. Drawing councilors in small-town India
ub.com/doi/abs/10.1 The research points to the India primarily upon qualitative may imply a loss of livelihood.
177/0308518X16682 complexity of urban field research, the paper Considering these dilemmas
028 environmental governance shows how diffuse forms between desired governance
and everyday politics in of power and different outcomes, and electoral and
which action repertoires govern mentalities were livelihood success serves to
ranging from threats, the applied between and avoid simplistic narratives of
creation of environmental within state-level lacking political will. These
and hygienic subjects, moral government agents, conditions facilitated the
appeals and economic municipal authorities, implementation of the pilot
rationality, underpinned by local waste workers and project, in spite of the political
the harmful character of local communities to disincentives at the local level
waste and by socio-cultural implement and (re)shape and the general unpopularity
imaginaries thereof, this project. of 12 Environment and
(re)produced uneven political Planning a waste segregation
ecologies of waste between at source in India. Those
and within different finding points to a need to
neighborhoods of the city examine temporality in the
study of the political economy
of environmental governance.
AUTHOR OBJECTIVES VARIABLES METHODS FINDINGS

Singh, H.N., (2012) The main aim of this Carbon The research The study explain the finding by
Innovative Industries study is to get an overall emission methodology adopted is making a framework wherein
Approach to Control picture of carbon Clean energy based on secondary they take two examples each
Emissions, Waste emissions, water Sustainable data available with for control and reducing the
Waters and Waste wastage and wastage development institutions, impact of the following:
Generation towards increase, and the Water governments, national 1. Carbon emissions
Achieving Sustainable practices to overcome all wastage and international 2. Water wastage
Ecological of them. This article Waste bodies, websites, 3. Waste generation
Development. looks into the sorts of generation literature, Acts, They can conclude on the basis
Retrieved from: decision-making protocols. Collection of of the above two examples
http://journals.sagepub methods and tools secondary data was each in case of controls of
.com/doi/abs/10.1177/ reported in literature and done by finding and carbon emissions, water
2319510X1200800211 those already in practice. studying reasons for wastage and waste generation
?journalCode=abrb It is aimed that the carbon emissions, water that the standard practices of
findings will lead to new wastage and material their assessment and controls,
research settings wastage, and devising as narrated in the conceptual
together with directions two methods each for framework, are being followed
for future research. their control. Finally, a by practitioners, corporate
framework was entities and society, towards
developed to sustainable growth.
benchmark such
controls.
AUTHOR OBJECTIVES VARIABLES METHODS FINDINGS

Pickren, G., (2014) Utilizing empirical work on the Political Quantitative The study found out that two
Political ecologies of development of certification ecology political ecology themes stand
electronic waste: and labeling schemes E-waste out as significant both in terms of
uncertainty and designed to ensure the safe Certification e-waste politics and for the larger
legitimacy in the recycling of used electronics, Labeling trend of voting with your dollars
governance of e-waste or e-wastes, across a global environmental to rectify social and
geographies. supply chain, this paper justice environmental problems. The first
Environment and extends lessons learned from is the way certifications conflate
Planning these critical analyses of market shifts with democracy.
Retrieved from: consumer politics to ongoing The second is the potential for
http://journals.sagepub debates about e-waste, trade, consumer-based politics to be
.com/doi/abs/10.1068/ and recycling. I highlight the diversionary and to close off
a45728 ambiguities and democratic more politically difficult, yet more
deficits that emerge from effective, alternative actions.
promoting global
environmental justice politics
through market-driven
disposal choices.
AUTHOR OBJECTIVES VARIABLES METHODS FINDINGS

Singh, J., In this article, progress and Global The respondents of Our study concludes that
Laurenti, R., different sustainability challenges the study were the the inextricable link
Sinha, R., challenges facing the global Resource staff and heads of between economic growth
Frostell, B., (2014) waste management system management different and resource consumption
Progress and are presented and Root causes offices/department. and wastes is a vital
challenges to the global discussed. The study leads Systems This research utilized challenge throughout the
waste management to the conclusion that the approach descriptive method of world. The situation of WM
system. current, rather isolated Wastes research. in the middle- and low-
Retrieved from: efforts, in different systems income countries is very
http://journals.sagepub.c for waste management, serious owing to the lack of
om/doi/abs/10.1177/073 waste reduction and infrastructure for WM and
4242X14537868 resource management are rapidly growing waste
indeed not sufficient in a amounts. The study
long term sustainability highlights that current
perspective. I statistics on waste under-
represent the real severity
of the waste problems and,
from a global perspective,
the overall WM system
development is not on a
sustainable trajectory
AUTHOR OBJECTIVES VARIABLES METHODS FINDINGS

Nitivattananon, V., In Davao City, one of the Public utility The study conducts a The results of the study show that
Velez, G., (2007) highly urbanized areas in jeepneys field data collection jeepneys continue to exist
IMPROVING AIR the Philippines, public Vehicle wherein their primary because of its affordability,
QUALITY THROUGH utility jeepneys are emission data is the Estimated accessibility and employment-
MANAGING VEHICLE considered as the management Pollutants Emitted generating conditions, all of which
EMISSIONS AMONG dominant mode of Urban air around Region XI. satisfy commuters demand for a
JEEPNEYS IN informal urban public quality Second is the mass public transport. The city
DAVAO CITY, transport among Informal Emission Inventory of government and other local
PHILIPPINES. commuters. This study public Selected mobile organizations have undertaken
Retrieved from: determines the transport sources. Finally, the several mechanisms to manage
http://s3.amazonaws.c conditions why jeepneys Transport Related jeepney emissions such as the
om/zanran_storage/w remain a major mode of Policies in Davao city. passing of the Anti-Smoke
ww.sea- public transport in Davao Belching Ordinance, promotion of
uema.ait.ac.th/Content City despite its alternative fuels, inspection and
Pages/42739289.pdf# consequent maintenance of jeepney engines,
page=9 environmental problems among others. While these
and what has been done mechanisms are necessary, a
to manage its emissions. proactive approach in
transportation planning and
vehicle emission management
among local organizations should
be strengthened to ensure the
sustainability of good air quality in
the city
AUTHOR OBJECTIVES VARIABLES METHODS FINDINGS

Reyes, P., This study aims to The study involved the The study finds out that the
Furto, M., (2013) determine the solid waste Level of residents of the residents implement proper waste
Greening of the management practices in implementati selected communities management practices such as
Solid Waste selected communities in on among the 105 selling of bottles, collection of
Mnagement in Batangas City. Solid waste barangays in garbage, and segregation.
Batangas City a) to determine the level of Solid waste Batangas City as the Furthermore, most of the residents
Retrieved from: implementation of solid management respondents. Random observed the good effects of
http://research.lpub waste management sampling using Fish proper solid waste management
atangas.edu.ph/wp- b) to determine the effects Bowl Technique was such as clean and orderly
content/uploads/20 of the implementation of used to select the surroundings. However, residents
14/04/JETP- solid waste management possible communities encountered problems in the
Greening-of-the- practices to the to be included in the implementation such as non-
Solid-Waste- environment and health of study. Using Slovin operation of good facility,
Management.pdf the community people Formula, the irresponsible government officials,
c) to investigate the researchers used rapid urbanization etc. To sum it
problems encountered by sample of 69 up different communities in
the community barangays with the Batangas City differ in the
d) to determine if there a total number of 204 level of implementation of solid
significant difference in the respondents with a waste management practice e) the
level of implementation of margin of error of 7%. proposed plan of action may
solid waste management The number of enhance the
practices among the respondents taken level of implementation of solid
different communities of from each community waste management practices in
Batangas City was determined by Batangas City.
e) to propose a plan of stratified sampling
action that will enhance the
level of implementation of
solid waste practices.
.
AUTHOR OBJECTIVES VARIABLES METHODS FINDINGS

Newman, P., (2006) The study aim to The three approaches The study found out that rather
The environmental analyze the three Cities was then applied in than assisting with the
impact of cities approaches to Ecological the city of Sydney, environmental impact of cities, an
Retrieved from understanding Footprint Australia. anti-population perspective can
http://journals.sagep the environmental Environmental harm the environment through
ub.com/doi/pdf/10.1 impact of cities namely : impact inadequate city policies. With the
177/0956247806069 Population ecological footprint approach, the
599 Population impact situation is better in terms of
impact Sustainability understanding global impacts but
Ecological assessment it is just as weak in terms of
Footprint
supporting positive policies that
and
enable cities to solve their local
Sustainability
and global problems.
assessment.
A sustainability assessment
approach to cities takes
environmental impact seriously,
and gives it mainstream
consideration while
simultaneously
asserting the value of social and
economic progress. Thus the
positive aspects of cities can be
merged into a net benefit
approach where the enduring
value of environmental
improvement, social gain and
economic enhancement can be
seen as a joint legacy for the
future.
AUTHOR OBJECTIVES VARIABLES METHODS FINDINGS

Mbeng, L., Probert, J., Household waste is an Q methodology The study work uses The result shows a strong
& Fairweather, R., environmental and public Public attitudes Q-methodology, a concern for a clean
(2009) health problem, especially and behavior social science environment and the belief
Assessing Public for the large cities in Sub- methodology in the
Household waste that learning, information
Attitudes and Saharan African analysis of subjectivity and awareness campaign
Behaviour to countries. composting of household waste
Household Waste The study aims to use Q- Education management in
are important drivers to
Management in methodology, a powerful Capacity building Douala, Cameroon. behavior change. This
Cameroon to Drive methodology for Third sector work using Q methodology
Strategy identifying the different organisations examined behavioral
Development: A Q trends in behavior in the trends in household waste
Methodological management of management in Douala,
Approach household waste in Cameroon. But despite
Retrieved from: Douala, Cameroon. the fact that Q
http://www.mdpi.com/2 methodology has proven
071-1050/1/3/556/pdf useful in the analysis of
peoples subjectivity, the
impact of cultural issues
on recycling and
composting behavior
should in future be
investigated to provide a
holistic and general
overview of household
waste management
practices in Cameroon
and Sub-Sahara Africa.
AUTHOR OBJECTIVES VARIABLES METHODS FINDINGS

Samoylik, M. S.1 To identify economic Risk for the population Conducted a SWOT- The study forms an algorithm of
Case Study on and ecological model of from the sphere of solid analysis of the current identification of optimal
Economic and optimal management of waste disposal state of solid waste managerial strategies and
ecological optimal the system of solid Total expenditures for disposal in the Poltava mechanisms of their realization,
strategies of waste disposals target this sphere region. which allows solution of the set
management of the functions and forms functioning tasks of optimization of
system of regional optimization scenarios development of the sphere of solid
solid waste disposal of management of this waste disposal at a given set of
Retrieved from : sphere of solid waste values and parameters of the
http://web.b.ebscoh disposal with state of the system for a specific
ost.com/ehost/detail theoretically optimal type of life cycle of solid waste
/detail?sid=3ac6f57 parameters' values and different subjects of this
1-65bf-42ed-b8c5- sphere. Through modelling of this
acfd5d5133c7%40s situation by basic (current
essionmgr120&vid= situation) and alternative
0&hid=115&bdata= scenarios and finds out that, at
JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3 this stage, it is most expedient to
QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d build in the region four sorting
#AN=95763058&db lines and five regional solid waste
=bth grounds, while expenditures on
this sphere are UAH 62.0 million
per year, income from secondary
raw material sales -- UAH 71.2 per
year and reduction of the
ecological risk -- UAH 13 million
per year.
AUTHOR OBJECTIVES VARIABLES METHODS FINDINGS

Sgeat, Radu To prevent waste yield Climate change, National Waste In Romania, the implementation of
Damian, Nicoleta by improving production biodiversity, Management the EU policies in matters of waste
Mitric, Bianca, technologies and demographic pressure, Strategy, management is inscribed in the
Case Study on make consumers opt for use of 2014-2020 National Waste Management
Waste less-polluting resources and the Strategy 2014-2020 and the
management items; policies of waste quality of life enhance National Waste Management
system in the recycling and reuse environment-associated Plan, both documents, approved
riparian towns of (wrapping paper, cars uncertainty and by Government Decision No
the Romanian out of use, batteries, risks 1,470/2004, stipulate the following
Danube sector electric and electronic strategic objectives: developing an
Retrieved from : devices, etc.) to institutional and organizational
http://web.b.ebscoh recover and finally framework; raising decision-
ost.com/ehost/detail eliminate them; makers awareness; stimulating
/detail?sid=785c3af preoccupations for reducing waste
5-1a8e-4534-8da9- amounts; using all technical and
b97691e4bbd4%40 economic ways and means for
sessionmgr104&vid waste recovery and recycling;
=0&hid=115&bdata developing sorting methods and
=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc systems at the generating source
3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3 and/or before dumping;
d#AN=115791021& developing waste treatment
db=a9h, technologies and facilities in line
with EU and national regulations,
as well as technologies for
ultimate waste disposal in
conformity with European and
national stipulations.
AUTHOR OBJECTIVES VARIABLES METHODS FINDINGS

V. V. Ulyanova and To study the possibility Oil products (OP) and Case Study The study comes out with the
N. A. Sobgaida of using production heavy metal ions following conclusions :
Case Study on waste from the Robert (HMI) ; Effluent A binder for preparing granulated
Comprehensive Bosh Saratov company cleaning to MPC sorbents from ceramic workshop
solution of sewage as a sorbent for values waste reduces the materials
cleaning and waste cleaning effluent from absorption capacity ; use of a
utilization ecological HMI combined absorbent based on a
problems mixture of heat-treated sunflower
Retrieved from : husk and ceramic production waste
http://web.b.ebscoh with a ratio of 50/50 after heat
ost.com/ehost/pdfvi treatment at 300C for 20 min makes
ewer/pdfviewer?sid it possible to increase heavy metal ion
=75a9a479-7ed3- cleaning efficiency. By means of a
4552-ab94- subsidy given for developing the
5077f45b2897%40s project a semi-industrial unit was
essionmgr101&vid= created for preparing adsorbents
1&hid=115 from waste.
AUTHOR OBJECTIVES VARIABLES METHODS FINDINGS

Bernardo, EC., To identify whether the People in a barangay Interview with Results showed that the
Case Study on RA 9003, also known as (village) in Manila, household members households generated an average
Solid-waste the Ecological Solid garbage collectors as using open-ended of 3.2 kg of solid waste per day, or
management Waste Management Act well as scavengers. questions 0.50 kg/capita/day. The types of
practices of of 2000, is being fully wastes commonly generated are
households in implemented in Metro food/kitchen wastes, papers, PET
Manila, Philippines Manila. bottles, metals, and cans,
Retrieved from : boxes/cartons, glass bottles,
https://www.ncbi.nl cellophane/plastics, and
m.nih.gov/pubmed/ yard/garden wastes. The
18991942, respondents segregate their
wastes into PET bottles, glass
bottles, and other waste (mixed
wastes). No respondents perform
composting. It is worth noting,
however, that burning of waste is
not done by the respondents. The
households rely on garbage
collection by the government.
Collection is done twice daily,
except Sundays, and household
members bring their garbage
when the garbage truck arrives.
However, there are those who
dump their garbage in non-
designated pick-up points, usually
in a corner of the street. The
dumped garbage becomes a
breeding ground for disease-
causing organisms. Some
household respondents said that it
is possible that the dumping in
certain areas caused the dengue
fever suffered by some of their
family members. Mothers and
household helpers are responsible
for household waste management.
Scavengers generally look for
recyclable items in the dumped
garbage. All of them said that it is
their only source of income, which
is generally not enough for their
meals. They are also aware that
their work affects their health.
Most of the respondents said that
garbage collection and disposal is
the responsibility of the
government. The results of the
study showed that RA 9003, also
known as the Ecological Solid
Waste Management Act of 2000,
is not fully implemented in Metro
Manila.
AUTHOR OBJECTIVES VARIABLES METHODS FINDINGS

Yang, LC., Zhulei To analyze the growth Chinese Academy of Case Study The study revealed that the output
L., Ting, W., Rui and development of Sciences, Tongji of MSW research in China has
W., Jia Xie, W., MSW research University, Shanghai rapidly increased over the 15
Case Study on productivity in China in and Tsinghua years in contrast with USA.
Research output terms of publication University, Beijing Chinese authors contributed 730
analysis of output as reflected in publications out of which 708 were
municipal solid science citation index journal articles, 17 reviews, 3
waste: a case study for the period 1997- editorial materials, 1 correction
of China 2011 and 1 meeting abstract, from 421
Retrieved from : institutions. About 13.70 % of
http://web.a.ebscoh publications were contributed by
ost.com/ehost/detail Chinese Academy of Sciences,
/detail?sid=9b9f49a followed by Tongji University,
3-6299-42be-89e6- Shanghai (13.15) and Tsinghua
f48d13b23c6b%40s University, Beijing (11.10 %). That
essionmgr4006&vid impact factors of the top 20
=0&hid=4201&bdat journals publishing most papers
a=JnNpdGU9ZWhv were between 0.30 and 4.63.
c3QtbGl2ZQ%3d% Leading 20 authors in the area of
3d#AN=88979541& MSW research published at least
db=lxh 13 articles per person. The annual
share of publications varied from
0.27 to 20.96 % per year. The
share was highest in the year
2009 at 20.96 %. An analysis of
the title-words showed that
'landfill', 'incineration' and
'management' were recent major
topics of municipal solid waste
research in China. The results
could help researchers
understand the characteristics of
research output and search hot
spots of MSW field in China
AUTHOR OBJECTIVES VARIABLES METHODS FINDINGS

Ciplak, N., Kaskun, To reveal deficiencies, Healthcare wastes; EU Case Study It was revealed that nearly 1
S., Case study on inconsistencies, and waste regulations; million people live in the region,
Healthcare waste improper applications of Comparative studies; resulting in 5 million hospital
management healthcare waste Developing countries admissions annually. All the
practice in the West management in the healthcare waste produced (1000
Black Sea Region, western part of the tons yr1) is treated in an
Turkey: A Turkish Black Sea autoclave plant. However, treating
comparative Region some categories of healthcare
analysis with the wastes in autoclave units
developed and mismatches with the EU waste
developing regulations, as alternative
countries treatment technologies are not
Retrieved from : technically able to treat all types of
http://web.b.ebscoh healthcare wastes. A proper waste
ost.com/ehost/detail management system, therefore,
/detail?sid=6e8c82 requires an internal segregation
46-09ab-4856- scheme to divert these wastes
a066- from the main healthcare waste
5cfd150cf555%40s stream. The existing malpractice
essionmgr120&vid= in the region could cause serious
0&hid=115&bdata= health problems if no measure is
JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3 taken urgently. It is expected that
QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d healthcare waste management in
#AN=111242295&d the region and then all across
b=8gh Turkey will be improved with the
significant deficiencies and
inconsistencies pointed out in this
research. Implications: In
developed countries, specific rules
and regulations have already been
implemented along with the
recommendations for handling of
healthcare waste. However, in
Turkey, these wastes are treated
in autoclave units, which
mismatches with the European
Union waste regulations, as
alternative treatment technologies
are not technically capable to treat
all types of healthcare wastes.
The existing malpractice could
cause serious health problems if
no measure is taken urgently. The
authors demonstrated the existing
status of Turkish waste
management and revealed
deficiencies, inconsistencies, and
improper applications in
comparison with developed and
developing nations to align
Turkish practice to European
Union requirements.
AUTHOR OBJECTIVES VARIABLES METHODS FINDINGS

Pant, Deepak, To identify whether Biomedical waste Survey Small hospitals are the grassroots
Case Study on small hospitals present management ; for the big hospital structures, so
Waste in Dehradun follow the Disposal hospital waste proper waste management
management in proper way of taking ; practices require to be initiated
small hospitals: care of segregation of Infectious hazardous from there. Small hospitals
trouble for waste generated in the characteristics ; contribute a lot in the health care
environment hospital that pose Small hospitals facilities, but due to their poor
Retrieved from : serious biomedical waste management practices,
http://web.b.ebscoh waste pollution. they pose serious biomedical
ost.com/ehost/detail waste pollution. Greater value of
/detail?sid=54535a per day per bed waste was found
72-5dfc-4f4c-98d6- among the small hospitals (178 g
3d751d581f86%40s compared with 114 g in big
essionmgr101&vid= hospitals), indicating unskilled
0&hid=115&bdata= waste management practices.
JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3 Small hospitals do not follow the
QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d proper way for taking care of
#AN=76487560&db segregation of waste generated in
=8gh the hospital, and most biomedical
wastes were collected without
segregation into infectious and
noninfectious categories.
AUTHOR OBJECTIVES VARIABLES METHODS FINDINGS

Akbali, S., To portray the aspects Solid waste Case Study The solid objects, kept away
Meydan, A., Case of the elementary Recycling ; regularly to protect the school
Study on Evaluation school administrators Elementary schools - environment can be defined as
of the Problems of relating to the recycling Administration solid wastes. To portray the
Solid Wastes at of solid wastes, School administrators aspects of the elementary school
Elementary Schools developing and raising administrators relating to the
Depending on the an awareness of recycling of solid wastes,
Views of School teachers and students. developing and raising an
Administrators awareness of teachers and
Retrieved from : students, this study was
http://web.b.ebscoh conducted. This is a descriptive
ost.com/ehost/detail study and carried on with 11
/detail?sid=e5530c elementary school administrators
b5-a069-40f3-baf3- in a big city of Konya of Turkey.
9f2d3e40875d%40s The results showed that, recycling
essionmgr104&vid= of solid wastes is provided in the
0&hid=115&bdata= schools and required awareness
JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3 is improved to create a clean and
QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d sustainable school media. The
#AN=59347978&db centralized management and local
=trh sources should be benefited to
enable solid waste services
effectively in schools and to
develop projects. School
administration, teachers, students
and parents should make a
contribution for the achievement of
recycling activities in the schools
not only for the awareness but
also as a contribution for the
growing waste pollution.
AUTHOR OBJECTIVES VARIABLES METHODS FINDINGS

Borthakur, A., To review two key Electronic waste Case Study E-waste is a complex stream of toxic
Govind, M., Case elements greatly disposal ; Consumers waste which requires specific handling
Study on accountable for disposal behavior considerations. Effective and responsible
Emerging trends in influencing sustainable management of E-waste is a global
consumers E- E-waste management concern today. Taking into account the
waste disposal initiatives: Consumers locale specific characteristics of
behavior and E-waste 1) Disposal consumers E-waste disposal behavior
awareness: A Behavior and 2) and awareness, we have attempted to
worldwide overview Awareness perform an extensive review on the
with special focus global context and identify the measures
on India. adopted by the consumers of different
Retrieved from : countries to dispose off their E-waste.
http://web.a.ebscoh We observe significant differences in
ost.com/ehost/detail consumers E-waste disposal behavior
/detail?sid=7dc332 not only between the developed and
ad-277f-43d6-a8d9- developing countries, but also within
0d830cfa39b6%40s these countries. The paper further
essionmgr4010&vid especially explains the complexities in
=0&hid=4107&bdat Indias E-waste management system
a=JnNpdGU9ZWhv due to its multifaceted socio-economic,
c3QtbGl2ZQ%3d% cultural and other associated
3d#AN=120142946 connotations influencing consumers
&db=8gh, disposal behavior and awareness. We
conclude that global experiences on
consumers E-waste disposal behavior
and awareness could be helpful for a
particular country to devise inclusive E-
waste management strategies to
adequately address their current E-
waste crisis.
AUTHOR OBJECTIVES VARIABLES METHODS FINDINGS

Steuer, B., Et. Al., To present a qualitative Informal stakeholders Semi-structured Despite the intensive efforts that the
Case Study on and quantitative and - Peoples Republic of China has invested
Analysis of the description of the quantitative in the improvement of municipal solid
value chain and informal sector and its questionnaire waste management, Municipal Solid
network structure of role in the collection of survey Waste collection is still heavily contested
informal waste recyclables in Beijing. by the informal sector. These informal
recycling in Beijing, stakeholders divert recyclables such as
China waste metals, plastics, paper and glass
Retrieved from : out of municipal solid waste and sell
http://web.a.ebscoh these along informal trading networks for
ost.com/ehost/detail a living. Via a semi-structured and -
/detail?sid=843f57d quantitative questionnaire survey among
5-79a8-46f9-92c8- informal stakeholders we could ascertain
8e91cdb6c2a3%40 daily individual collection quantities
sessionmgr4010&vi (kg/cap/day), thereby generated
d=0&hid=4107&bda revenues and respective trading network
ta=JnNpdGU9ZWh and structures (informal recycling value
vc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d chain) of informal stakeholders. The field
%3d#AN=1201429 survey identified three groups of informal
35&db=8gh collectors, namely Waste Pickers, Waste
Merchants and Middle Men, who on
average collect 16, 311, and 890 kg of
recyclables per day and capita
respectively, and achieve turn-over
levels of 1200; 2500 and 5250 CNY per
month. In order to explain the strong
performance of the IS the approach of
the old institutional economics has been
chosen as analytical tool.
AUTHOR OBJECTIVES VARIABLES METHODS FINDINGS

Zotesso, J., Et. Al., To determine the University cafeteria in Case Study Environmental problems that result from
Case Study on quantities and types of Brazil food waste increases in the generation of urban solid
Analysis of Solid waste generated by a waste are compounded by the inadequate
Waste Generation university cafeteria in management of wastes generated by
in a University Brazil to help large-scale meal production at Food and
Cafeteria in Brazil: implement a solid Nutrition Units (FNUs). During the study,
A Case Study. waste management 6,553.5 kg of waste was generated, of
Retrieved from : plan that adhered to which 82.6% resulted from organic food
http://web.a.ebscoh the Brazilian National waste and 17.4% resulted from recyclable
ost.com/ehost/detail Policy on Solid Waste. and other residual waste. Based on the
/detail?sid=86bfdbb collected data and structured
8-04f7-4684-9f3a- observations, certain recommendations
35e83db83070%40 were provided for reducing the waste
sessionmgr4008&vi generated during cafeteria processes and
d=0&hid=4107&bda for modifying the cafeteria activities to
ta=JnNpdGU9ZWh meet environmental and hygienic-sanitary
vc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d requirements. The analysis presented in
%3d#AN=1205668 this study could guide the implementation
85&db=8gh of waste management plans in similar
establishments that seek sustainability in
meal production and that intends to
comply with current legislation.
AUTHOR OBJECTIVES VARIABLES METHODS FINDINGS

EvinemI, O., Case To investigate waste Private health Questionnaire The study concluded that waste was
Study on Solid collection, storage institutions in administration and disposed of by private waste collectors
Waste Storage, and disposal Ibadan direct observation (77.1%). Thus, the study recommends that;
Collection and practices in the metropolis a consistent public enlightenment and
Disposal Practices selected private environmental sensitization for all the
in Private Health health institutions managers and waste management officers
Institutions in (PHIs) in Ibadan of the health institutions. To this end,
Ibadan, Nigeria metropolis, Nigeria storage containers should be of adequate
Retrieved from : size with side handles, tight-fitting covers,
http://web.b.ebscoh leak-proof, light in weight and easily
ost.com/ehost/detail cleanable. In conclusion, Enlightenment
/detail?vid=8&sid=c program is recommended to educate the
1e1f2cb-4460-407f- private health institution operators on the
893e- consequences of indiscriminate waste
125624a86896%40 disposal.
sessionmgr104&hid
=115&bdata=JnNpd
GU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2
ZQ%3d%3d
AUTHOR OBJECTIVES VARIABLES METHODS FINDINGS

Spallini, S., Et. Al., To identify the most Urban Case Study The study confirms that municipalities are
Case Study : efficient management municipalities and not efficient in coping with urban hygiene
The Efficiency of models operating in hygiene services services. In fact, only seven municipalities
the Municipal accordance with Italian out of 107 demonstrate high level of
Waste regulatory requirements. efficiency. If we analyze the management
Management Model models among the top seven municipalities,
in the Italian there is no municipality that has outsourced
Municipalities the service to a company with completely
Retrieved from : private equity capital.
http://web.b.ebscoh In fact, the rest municipality that has this
ost.com/ehost/detail management model has a level of efficiency
/detail?sid=09ce97 or not of 2%. The municipalities that adopt
26-3c8a-4281- advanced management models with
9552- different municipalities managing the waste
487ad40ee521%40 services are more efficient, whether they
sessionmgr103&vid have public or private and public equity. To
=0&hid=115&bdata confirrm that a spatial dimension greater
=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc than that of the municipality is necessary to
3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3 take advantage of economies of scale, we
d#AN=120550450& note that in the rest class of efficiency,
db=a9h there are, generally, large cities. Broader
management models are the most efficient,
in fact, are the most numerous in the rest
and second-class efficiency groups.
This confirms the validity of the existing
legislation, which seeks to promote
cooperation between municipalities in order
to exploit economies of scale.
AUTHOR OBJECTIVES VARIABLES METHODS FINDINGS

Macias, A., To provide better Incorrect system Case Study Improper handling of waste causes many
Piniarski, W., Case access to information solutions applied environmental problems. With reference to the
Study on Municipal about the environment by the findings of the study , the key problem for the
Solid Waste for all inhabitants municipality ; Pobiedziska and Pobiedziska rural area waste
Management through presentation of Fieldwork management system is illegal dumping sites,
Problems on a problems caused by the which result from incorrect system solutions
Local Scale: A previous waste applied by the municipality. The problem is also
Case Study from management system recognized by the local authorities, who
Rural Poland (until 1 July 2013) in systematically request municipal services to
Retrieved from : comparison with the eliminate the sites. It is hoped that new system
http://web.b.ebscoh current. solutions introduced in mid-2013 and the
ost.com/ehost/detail systematic improvement of ecological
/detail?sid=4bb41d awareness of inhabitants (who are aware of this
26-875e-46b9- problem, which is evident from the survey) will
a650- contribute over time to complete elimination of
14b12797fd57%40s the problem of illegal dumps. The findings of this
essionmgr103&vid= study are a good starting point for further
0&hid=115&bdata= studies that will determine whether the newly
JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3 introduced system of waste management and
QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d consequential trends turn out to be correct in the
#AN=117386681&d long-term perspective. Further studies in this
b=a9h respect are planned for a few years after
introducing the new system in hopes of
determining whether the system has lived up to
its promise.