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Introduction to


Scope of the Course

To serve as a comprehensive introduction

to architecture and town planning most
likely to be encountered and used by students
in pursuit of their careers in engineering.
Planned Curriculum

An overview of historical development from earliest
examples of human settlement to 21st century post modern
area. Focused study of history of Islamic architecture while
exploring the factors related to its emergence/development.
Key features of Islamic architecture as seen in Spain,
Morocco, Syria, Iraq, Persia and the Indo Pak continent.
Study & Analysis of geographical climatic, politico religious,
socio-cultural issues influencing architecture. Reinforcing &
enhancement of aesthetic aspects in architecture as control
on proportion, scale, balance, texture to achieve strength,
vitality, grace, truth & beauty. Study of use of materials both
for construction as well as finishing of surfaces e.g. stone,
wood, metals, concrete, synthetic polymers & ceramics.
Development of building. Forms by study & analysis of walls,
openings, roofs & their development, frame structure
buildings, moldings/decorative cement, sun control devices.
Planned Curriculum

Definitions, trends in urban growth, objective of town
planning and study of modern trends. Preliminary studies
related to natural/economic resources effecting Architecture
& Town Planning. Legal & administrative issues, city survey
& prep of different type of maps/studies. Zoning & land use
patterns various theories. Location of parks/open green
spaces, recreational areas, public/semi public buildings,
hierarchy of commercial/shopping centers, community
centers. Schools, health care facilities, industrial &
residential areas. Street patterns different concepts &
layouts. City extensions as sub-urban developments,
concept of neighborhood units, satellite towns & garden city.
Urban planning issues related to inner city urban design &
emergency/up-gradation of squatter settlements. An
introduction to urban & regional planning using GIS.
Miscellaneous Course Information

Instructor: Engr. Tariq Shah

Office: Geotech Lab
Office Hours for Students: 8:30 AM to 4:30 PM
Textbooks: Lectures only
Exams: There will be Two Class Tests (One hour Each) and One final
examination (3 hours). The final examination will be held during the final
exam week, and covers the entire course,
Home Work: Homework will be given after completion of a major topic
(a total of 4 Homework Assignments)
Quiz and Attendance:
There will be 4 quiz tests including a couple of pop-up quizzes in class.
Students are expected to attend all classes. Poor attendance will affect
the final grade of students.
Final Grade: Final grade will depend on the following components with
the proportions mentioned against each (subject to variation):
Homework (5-10%), Quiz (10-15%), Class Tests (25-30%), Term
project (10-15%) and Final exam (45-50%).

Always try your best and be

contented on whatever comes to
you, because it is the will of Allah.
Always believe that whatever is
happening to you in this life is the
best from HIM.
It is only HE who knows the BEST
and HE knows ALL.
Points for Consideration

Be attentive
Do not hesitate to ask questions
Make notes of what is being taught
in the class
Follow the rules/instructions
Attendance will strictly observed
Always try to be positive

Originate from Latin Architectura

The art and science of buildings;

Architecture refers to process of designing
buildings and administering their construction
It also refers to the buildings that are product
of architectural design
It refers therefore to both the process and
product of design and construction
The Difference Between
Architecture and Building
Any Building Architecture
Architecture = Design BEFORE Building
Architecture is DESIGNED

Buildings, Spaces and Environments According to

Human Needs Using Technology and Science, With
Aesthetic Qualities.

Architecture is the whole of the environment

built by humans
Human give expression to feelings and
values by building
So buildings have messages, either
conscious or unconscious

Architecture has many artistic qualities but

must also satisfy practical considerations.
Example: Office Buildings
A building cannot just be aesthetically
Needs to accompany the comfort an
efficiency levels for people in it.
If the building does not fulfill comfort, it fails

The aim of architecture is the

creation of a perfect, and most
beautiful efficiency.
The Context of Architecture

Architecture is a very
broad field that is at the
same time technical,
artistic and social.
Doing architecture requires
strong technical
knowledge in the fields of
engineering, geometry,
building techniques etc.
It also requires a certain
sensibility to arts and
The knowledge of architecture covers
Architecture Vs Civil Engineering


Architecture focus on the functionality Civil Engineering concentrates on the
and aesthetics of the development structural elements of the design,
work and is more concerned with the making certain that the structure can
artistry, look, feel and functionality of endure normal and extreme
the design conditions.
Architecture's primary concern is Civil engineering's responsibility is
designing the development work. ensuring that the design is
implemented in a safe and reliable
Architecture Vs Civil Engineering

Projects involving both Architects and Civil

Engineers are Residences, Commercial
complex, Public Buildings etc.
But Civil Engineering has got more scope
beyond this. A Civil Engineer can work in
Bridges, Railway track and Harbor also
where an Architect has no work or not
Architecture Vs Civil Engineering
Both Architects and Civil Engineers are involved in this project
Architecture Vs Civil Engineering

Only Civil Engineers are involved in this project

Architecture Vs Civil Engineering

So chances of Architect relying on an Civil

Engineer is more than a Civil Engineer
relying on an Architect.