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National Workshop on Finding Pathways to Achieve

the Sustainable Development Goals in Timor-Leste

Organized by UNTL and VU (Dili, 4-5 July 2017)

Integrated Coastal & Oceans Management

A National Oceans Policy for Timor-Leste

Presented by: Mario M. Cabral (Project Coordinator)

for the SDS-SEA Scaling up Implementation in Timor-Leste
Partnerships in Environmental Management for
the Seas of East Asia (PEMSEA)
PEMSEA: An International Organization focused on
Coastal and Ocean Governance in East Asia

ICM Implementation in East Asia (1993-2014)

3 phases of GEF support (1993-2014)

1993: 2 ICM sites (2 countries)

Focus - marine pollution prevention
and management

2013: 35 sites (12 countries); 12% of

Focus - coastal and ocean
governance, CCA/DRR, Aichi
biodiversity targets, water
conservation/pollution management,
blue economy

Target for 2015: 20% (achieved 14%)

New target for 2020: 25%

A Typical Coastal Area

CRMP 1996
Sustainable development of the coastal & marine areas requires a paradigm shift in concept &
operational methodology in order to effective address management complexities


Human activities

Shift in the concept of governance

From predominantly unsustainable economic benefits to
sustainable economic, social and environmental benefits
towards the goals of sustainable development

Shift in operational methodology

Conventional to holistic management;
Issue-, resource-based to ecosystem-based;
Single to multi-sector

Central (top-down) to local (local-up);

Government dominated to multi-stakeholders participation
Short-term to long-term vision-oriented planning
Weak to strong/responsible coordination
Lack of / weak to strong integration of policy and agency functions
ome definitions of integrated coastal manageme
Chua 2006 A natural resource and environmental management
framework which employs an integrative, holistic
approach and an interactive planning process in
addressing the complex management issues of the
coastal area.
Cicin-Sain and A process by which rational decisions are made
Knecht 1998 concerning the conservation and sustainable use of
coastal and ocean resources and space. The process is
designed to overcome the fragmentation inherent in
single-sector management approaches.
GESAMP 1996 A broad and dynamic process that requires the active
and sustained involvement of the public and many
stakeholders with interests on how coastal resources
are allocated and conflicts are mediated.
World Bank An inter-disciplinary and inter-sectoral approach to
problem definition and solutions in the coastal zone
The Goal of Integrated Coastal Management (ICM

Attain sustainable development through integrated

planning and management and interagency, multi-
sectoral collaboration and partnership to:

Resolve multiple resource use conflicts

Maintain functional integrity of the ecosystems
and health of the environment
Facilitate the progress of multi-sectoral
ICM as Operational Tool for Sustainable Development

ICM as a recognized approach

UN Conferences and Action Plans
International & UN Organizations
GEF, World Bank, UNDP, UNEP, UNIDO, FAO, IUCN, etc.

ICM as a recognized management framework

Biodiversity and marine protected areas management (CBD)
Fisheries and sustainable livelihood (FAO Code of Conduct for
Responsible Fisheries)
Climate change and hazard management (UNFCCC, Hyogo Framework of
Pollution reduction (GPA)
Water resources management (IWRM)
Framework for Sustainable Development of Coastal Areas


ICM Program Development and Implementation Cycle

Site profiling/SOC baseline

Coordinating mechanism

Prioritization of management issues

Formulation of strategies and action plans


Monitoring, evaluation and reporting

Why TLs needs a National Oceans Policy

To ensure the development of the country, the oceans

ecosystems & their resources (living and non-living) must
be viewed as natural assets, to be protected while utilizing
their goods & services sustainably;
Timor-Leste has made considerable advances in the
sustainable management of its oceans, especially in
relation to management of its fisheries, defense activities
and offshore oil resources; and
Many of the possible threats to Timor-Lestes oceans cross
jurisdictions, sectors & stakeholder groups, including
issues like marine debris, pollution, climate change &
potential threats from over-fishing & illegal, unreported
and unregulated (IUU) fishing activity.
Scope of the National Oceans Policy
The geographical scope of oceans policy for Timor-
Leste is from the watershed through the coastal zone
to open ocean waters under the jurisdiction of Timor-
Leste; and
The institutional scope is across all the agencies of
government that have freshwater, brackish water &
marine interests in the geographical areas. The
planning process then includes the community in the
scope of the policy seeking feedback on the plans
arising from the NOP.
Timor-Lestes National Oceans Policys Vision

A healthy and secure ocean that sustains the livelihoods,

prosperity and social and cultural values of the people
of Timor-Leste in a fair and equitable manner
National Ocean Policys Objectives --- (1)
Working together: An integrated participatory ocean
governance system, which facilitates collaboration across
jurisdictions, allows for the exchange of knowledge, data,
ideas, skills, and experience, and recognizes and considers
local customary law, national law, and international and
regional commitments;
Securing national jurisdictions and exercising sovereign rights
over our oceans: maintenance and protection of the rights of
Timorese people to equitably and sustainably use and manage
their marine natural resources;
Our future: a diverse Blue Economy based on the sea;
National Ocean Policy Objectives --- (2)

Strengthening our natural defence: protecting,

maintaining and restoring coastal and ocean
resources and ecosystem services;
Investing in our people: developing the capacity of
Timorese to engage in ocean-based development and
protection through research, education and capacity
building; and
Climate change vulnerability, adaptation and
Principles of the National Oceans Policy
Sustainable development
Rationalization and optimization of State resources;
Complementarity and Subsidiarity;
Precautionary approach;
National legislation and legal framework;
International legal obligations and ocean policy;
Regional initiatives.
Integrated management approach for
developing the NOP

Multi-sector approach to National Oceans Policy Implementation:
oceans management (NOP) National Oceans
Strategic Plan(s)

Stage One: Stage Two

Defines national vision, Identifies specific actions,
objectives and governance strategies and
approach for integrated responsibilities for
ocean management integrated management
Implementation Mechanism
Implementation Process for National Oceans Policy
NOSC determine planning
prioirities, scope, timeframes and
responsibilities .Present to COM
through Primary Ministries

Implementation of the NOSP including Appointment of Technical Working

establishment of monitoring and Groups (TWGs) to workshop key
outlook program planning issues and develop draft
National Ocean Strategic Plan (NOSP)

Revision of draft NOSP by NOSC and TWGs work with the Stakeholder
TWGs. Present to COM through Advisory Committee and local
Primary Ministries authorities to refine the draft plan

NOSC review and refine the draft

Broad community consultation and plan. Present to COM through
engagement on draft NOSP Primary Ministries
Opportunities for Blue Economy Industries
Nine industries were identified that define the majority of
potential blue economy business activities in the region
1. Fisheries and Aquaculture
2. Ports, Shipping and Marine Transport
3. Tourism, Resorts and Coastal Development
4. Marine Technology and Environmental Service
5. Oil and Gas
6. Coastal Manufacturing
7. Seabed Mining
8. Renewable Ocean Energy
9. Marine Biotechnology/Pharmaceuticals
For Timor-Leste there are many related industries that could play a role in
the blue economy, not only those that depend on the unrenewable
resources, e.g. Oil and Gas to invest in other renewable resources, e.g.
Fisheries and aquaculture.
References for this presentation --- (1)
References for this presentation --- (2)

By end of 2017 have an

approved Oceans Policy
by Government of Timor-Leste
References for this presentation --- (3)

Programa Radio Igualdade

Intervista 3 Julho 2017 (15.30) NOAA-USAID workshop at MAFs
NGO Lao Hamutuk meeting room on 28 June 2017