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Design Availability Spreadsheet

Project:
Size: XXXMW
Timing: 20XX
Location: Example

Availability Calculation - Unplanned Outages


Circuit
Units Length Class Equipment Failure Rate
(km)
1 Converter Bipole with earth return (Onshore) 2
1 150 Cables Offshore Bipole with Metallic Return Cable 0.078
1 20 Cables Onshore Bipole No Return Cable 0.0176
1 Converter Bipole no earth return (onshore) 2
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Availability Calculation - Scheduled Maintenance

Maintenance
Units Class Maintenance Case (H/M/L) Rate/year

1 Other Scheduled Maintenance Medium Case (1) Err:508

Offshore Transmission Design


and Technology Study
ability Spreadsheet No. 1
Average
Restricted access

Less frequent
Average
More frequent

Available
MTBF Years MTTR Days Unavailability % Tot Capacity %

0.50 0.6 0.0016 Err:508 50% Sensitivities


12.82 65.0 0.0069 Err:508 50% Weather
56.82 40.0 0.0019 Err:508 0% Maintenance
0.50 0.6 0.0016 Err:508 50% Converter Outages
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A

Maintenance Maintenance Available


Period (years) Duration (Days) Unavailability % Tot Capacity %

- Err:508 Err:508 Err:508 0%

Total unavailability Err:508

Overall availability Err:508

Offshore Transmission Design


and Technology Study
Weather Sensitivity
Typical North Sea Weather around UK - Average 65 days MTTR for cable
Average 90 days MTTR for cable

Maintenance Sensitivity
Fewer Maintenance requirements equating to 24 hours per year
Typical expected maintenance of 48 hours per year
Higher Maintenance requirements equating to 72 hours per year

Average
Average
Medium Case

Offshore Transmission Design


and Technology Study
Asset Classes
Converter
Cables
Other

Offshore Transmission Design


and Technology Study
Design Availability Spreadsheet

Project:
Size: XXXMW
Timing: 20XX
Location: Example

Availability Calculation - Unplanned Outages


Circuit
Units Length Class Equipment Failure Rate
(km)
1 Converter Symmetrical Monopole (Onshore) 2
1 110 Cables Project 1 Offshore Cable Section 0.0572
1 29 Cables Project 1 Onshore Cable Section 0.02552
1 Converter Symmetrical Monopole (Onshore) 2
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Availability Calculation - Scheduled Maintenance

Maintenance
Units Class Maintenance Case (H/M/L) Rate/year

1 Other Scheduled Maintenance Medium Case (1) Err:508

Offshore Transmission Design


and Technology Study
ability Spreadsheet No. 1
Average
Restricted access

Less frequent
Average
More frequent

Available
MTBF Years MTTR Days Unavailability % Tot Capacity %

0.50 0.6 0.0033 Err:508 0% Sensitivities


17.48 65.0 0.0102 Err:508 0% Weather
39.18 40.0 0.0028 Err:508 0% Maintenance
0.50 0.6 0.0033 Err:508 0% Converter Outages
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A Project 1 1000 MW Symmetrical
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A This is similar to that envisaged for
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A

Maintenance Maintenance Available


Period (years) Duration (Days) Unavailability % Tot Capacity %

- Err:508 Err:508 Err:508 0%

Total unavailability Err:508

Overall availability Err:508

Offshore Transmission Design


and Technology Study
Weather Sensitivity
Typical North Sea Weather around UK - Average 65 days MTTR for cable
Average 90 days MTTR for cable

Maintenance Sensitivity
Fewer Maintenance requirements equating to 24 hours per year
Typical expected maintenance of 48 hours per year
Higher Maintenance requirements equating to 72 hours per year

Average
Average
Medium Case To vary converter MTBF, change sensitivity in New Project

1000 MW Symmetrical Monopole, 139 km connection with 110km offshore and 29 km onshore.
ar to that envisaged for the NEMO project.

Offshore Transmission Design


and Technology Study
Asset Classes
Converter
Cables
Other

Offshore Transmission Design


and Technology Study
Design Availability Spreadsheet

Project:
Size: XXXMW
Timing: 20XX
Location: Example

Availability Calculation - Unplanned Outages


Circuit
Units Length Class Equipment Failure Rate
(km)
1 Converter Bipole with earth return (Onshore) 2
1 700 Cables Project 2 offshore 0.364
1 50 Cables Project 2 onshore 0.044
1 Converter Bipole with earth return (Onshore) 2
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Availability Calculation - Scheduled Maintenance

Maintenance
Units Class Maintenance Case (H/M/L) Rate/year

1 Other Scheduled Maintenance Medium Case (2) Err:508

Offshore Transmission Design


and Technology Study
ability Spreadsheet No. 1
Average
Restricted access

Less frequent
Average
More frequent

Available
MTBF Years MTTR Days Unavailability % Tot Capacity %

0.50 1 0.0016 Err:508 50% Sensitivities


2.75 65 0.0324 Err:508 50% Weather
22.73 40 0.0024 Err:508 50% Maintenance
0.50 1 0.0016 Err:508 50% Converter Outages
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A Project 2 1400 MW Bipole, 750 k
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A

Maintenance Maintenance Available


Period (years) Duration (Days) Unavailability % Tot Capacity %

- Err:508 Err:508 Err:508 50%

Total Err:508 Err:508

Total unavailability Err:508

Overall availability Err:508

Offshore Transmission Design


and Technology Study
Weather Sensitivity
Typical North Sea Weather around UK - Average 65 days MTTR for cable
Average 90 days MTTR for cable

Maintenance Sensitivity
Fewer Maintenance requirements equating to 24 hours per year
Typical expected maintenance of 48 hours per year
Higher Maintenance requirements equating to 72 hours per year

Average
Average
Medium Case To vary converter MTBF, change sensitivity in New Project

1400 MW Bipole, 750 km with 700 km of offshore cable and 50 km of onshore cable, a possible long interconnection.

Offshore Transmission Design


and Technology Study
Asset Classes
Converter
Cables
Other

long interconnection.

Offshore Transmission Design


and Technology Study
Design Availability Spreadsheet

Project:
Size: XXXMW
Timing: 20XX
Location: Example

Availability Calculation - Unplanned Outages


Circuit
Units Length Class Equipment Failure Rate
(km)
1 Converter Symmetrical Monopole (Onshore) 2
1 140 Cables Project 3-1 Offshore 0.0728
1 10 Cables Project 3-1 Onshore 0.0088
3 Other HVDC Circuit Breaker (3-1) 0.0273
1 140 Cables Project 3-1 Offshore 0.0728
1 10 Cables Project 3-1 Onshore 0.0088
1 Converter Symmetrical Monopole (Onshore) 2
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Availability Calculation - Scheduled Maintenance

Maintenance
Units Class Maintenance Case (H/M/L) Rate/year

1 Other Scheduled Maintenance Medium Case (3-1) Err:508

Offshore Transmission Design


and Technology Study
ability Spreadsheet No. 1

Available
MTBF Years MTTR Days Unavailability % Tot Capacity %

0.50 1 0.0033 Err:508 0%


13.74 65 0.0130 Err:508 0%
113.64 40 0.0010 Err:508 0%
36.63 25 0.0019 Err:508 0%
13.74 65 0.0130 Err:508 0%
113.64 40 0.0010 Err:508 0%
0.50 1 0.0033 Err:508 0%
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A

Maintenance Maintenance Available


Period (years) Duration (Days) Unavailability % Tot Capacity %

- Err:508 Err:508 Err:508 0%

Total unavailability Err:508

Overall availability Err:508

Offshore Transmission Design


and Technology Study
Offshore Transmission Design
and Technology Study
Weather Sensitivity
Average Typical North Sea Weather around UK - Average 65 days MTTR for cable
Restricted access Average 90 days MTTR for cable

Maintenance Sensitivity
Less frequent Fewer Maintenance requirements equating to 24 hours per year
Average Typical expected maintenance of 48 hours per year
More frequent Higher Maintenance requirements equating to 72 hours per year

Sensitivities
Weather Average
Maintenance Average
Converter Outages Medium Case To vary converter MTBF, change sensitivity in New Project

Project 3 (1) - 1800 MW symmetrical monopole, 300km interconnector with an onshore HVDC node consisting
of 3 HVDC circuit breakers (CBs) splitting the connection into two 150 km sections.
Each 150 km section consists of 140 km offshore and 10 km onshore.
At this first stage, the project will be considered as a point to point 1800 MW interconnector.

Offshore Transmission Design


and Technology Study
Offshore Transmission Design
and Technology Study
Asset Classes
Converter
Cables
Other

New Project

e consisting

Offshore Transmission Design


and Technology Study
Design Availability Spreadsheet

Project:
Size: XXXMW
Timing: 20XX
Location: Example

Availability Calculation - Unplanned Outages


Circuit
Units Length Class Equipment Failure Rate
(km)
1 Converter Symmetrical Monopole (Onshore) 3-2 2
1 140 Cables Project 3-2 Offshore 0.0728
1 10 Cables Project 3-2 Onshore 0.0088
3 Other HVDC Circuit Breaker (3-2) 0.0273
1 140 Cables Project 3-2 Offshore 0.0728
1 10 Cables Project 3-2 Onshore 0.0088
1 Converter Symmetrical Monopole (Onshore) 3-2 2
1 Converter Symmetrical Monopole (Onshore) 3-2 2
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Availability Calculation - Scheduled Maintenance

Maintenance
Units Class Maintenance Case (H/M/L) Rate/year

3 Other Scheduled Maintenance Medium Case (3-2) Err:508

Offshore Transmission Design


and Technology Study
ability Spreadsheet No. 1

Available
MTBF Years MTTR Days Unavailability % Tot Capacity %

0.50 1 0.0016 Err:508 50%


13.74 65 0.0065 Err:508 50%
113.64 40 0.0005 Err:508 50%
36.63 25 0.0009 Err:508 50%
13.74 65 0.0065 Err:508 50%
113.64 40 0.0005 Err:508 50%
0.50 1 0.0016 Err:508 50%
0.50 1 0.0016 Err:508 50%
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A
- #N/A 0.0000 Err:508 #N/A

Maintenance Maintenance Available


Period (years) Duration (Days) Unavailability % Tot Capacity %

- Err:508 Err:508 Err:508 50%

Total unavailability Err:508

Overall availability Err:508

Offshore Transmission Design


and Technology Study
Offshore Transmission Design
and Technology Study
Weather Sensitivity
Average Typical North Sea Weather around UK - Average 65 days MTTR for cable
Restricted access Average 90 days MTTR for cable

Maintenance Sensitivity
Less frequent Fewer Maintenance requirements equating to 24 hours per year
Average Typical expected maintenance of 48 hours per year
More frequent Higher Maintenance requirements equating to 72 hours per year

Sensitivities
Weather Average
Maintenance Average
Converter Outages Medium Case To vary converter MTBF, change sensitivity in New Proje

Project 3 (2) - 600 MW of generation is connected to the HVDC node via an HVDC converter forming a multi-terminal arran
The interconnector now has a capacity of 3600 MW during normal operation (with 1800 MW delivered to each side of the in
During an outage of either of the 150 km sections, the capacity of the interconnector is restricted to 1800 MW.

Offshore Transmission Design


and Technology Study
Offshore Transmission Design
and Technology Study
Asset Classes
days MTTR for cable Converter
Cables
Other

urs per year

urs per year

BF, change sensitivity in New Project

onverter forming a multi-terminal arrangement.


00 MW delivered to each side of the interconnector).
is restricted to 1800 MW.

Offshore Transmission Design


and Technology Study
Offshore Transmission Design
and Technology Study
Converter Outage Factors

Unplanned Outage

MTBF Factor (x No
Range MTTR Factor of faults/year)
Worst Case 1 1.5
Medium Case 1 1
Best Case 1 0.5

Project Converter Database

Converter Unscheduled Outages

Converter Type MTTR MTBF

Monopole (Onshore) Medium Case Medium Case


Monopole (Offshore) Medium Case Medium Case
Symmetrical Monopole (Onshore) Medium Case Medium Case
Symmetrical Monopole (Offshore) Medium Case Medium Case
Bipole with earth return (Onshore) Medium Case Medium Case
Bipole with earth return (Offshore) Medium Case Medium Case
Bipole no earth return (onshore) Medium Case Medium Case
Bipole no earth return (offshore) Medium Case Medium Case
Symmetrical Monopole (Onshore) 3-2 Medium Case Medium Case
User Defined 1 (Offshore) Medium Case Medium Case
User Defined 2 (Onshore) Medium Case Medium Case
User Defined 2 (Offshore) Medium Case Medium Case
User Defined 3 (Onshore) Medium Case Medium Case
User Defined 3 (Offshore) Medium Case Medium Case
Medium Case
Medium Case
Medium Case
Medium Case
Medium Case
Medium Case
Medium Case
Medium Case

Base Converter Component Availability Data

Unplanned Outage
Component MTBF (years) MTTR (Days)
Monopole (Onshore) 0.5 0.59375
Monopole (Offshore) 0.5 1.1875
Symmetrical Monopole (Onshore) 0.5 0.59375
Symmetrical Monopole (Offshore) 0.5 1.1875
Bipole with earth return (Onshore) 0.5 0.59375
Bipole with earth return (Offshore) 0.5 1.1875
Bipole no earth return (onshore) 0.5 0.59375
Bipole no earth return (offshore) 0.5 1.1875
Symmetrical Monopole (Onshore) 3-2 0.5 0.59375
User Defined 1 (Offshore) 0.5 1.1875
User Defined 2 (Onshore) 0.5 0.59375
User Defined 2 (Offshore) 0.5 1.1875
User Defined 3 (Onshore) 0.5 0.59375
User Defined 3 (Offshore) 0.5 1.1875
AC Filter
Energisation Resistor/Short Switch
DC Converter
DC Reactor
DC Filter

Converter Design Database

Monopole (Onshore) Total Unavailability 0.0033


Avaialability 99.67%

Converter Unscheduled Outages

Units Equipment Failure Rate

1 Monopole (Onshore) 2

Monopole (Offshore) Total Unavailability 0.0065


Avaialability 99.35%

Converter Unscheduled Outages

Units Equipment Failure Rate

1 Monopole (Offshore) 2
Symmetrical Monopole (Onshore) Total Unavailability 0.0033
Avaialability 99.67%

Converter Unscheduled Outages

Units Equipment Failure Rate

1ymmetrical Monopole (Onshore) 2

Symmetrical Monopole (Offshore) Total Unavailability 0.0065


Avaialability 99.35%

Converter Unscheduled Outages

Units Equipment Failure Rate

1ymmetrical Monopole (Offshore) 2

Bipole with earth return (Onshore) Total Unavailability 0.0016


Avaialability 99.84%

Converter Unscheduled Outages

Units Equipment Failure Rate

1pole with earth return (Onshore) 2

Bipole with earth return (Offshore) Total Unavailability 0.0033


Avaialability 99.67%

Converter Unscheduled Outages

Units Equipment Failure Rate

1pole with earth return (Offshore) 2

Bipole no earth return (onshore) Total Unavailability 0.0016


Avaialability 99.84%
Converter Unscheduled Outages

Units Equipment Failure Rate

1 Bipole no earth return (onshore) 2

Bipole no earth return (offshore) Total Unavailability 0.0033


Avaialability 99.67%

Converter Unscheduled Outages

Units Equipment Failure Rate

1Bipole no earth return (offshore) 2

Symmetrical Monopole (Onshore) 3-2 Total Unavailability 0.0016


Avaialability 99.84%

Converter Unscheduled Outages

Units Equipment Failure Rate

1 etrical Monopole (Onshore) 3-2 2

User Defined 1 (Offshore) Total Unavailability 0.0065


Avaialability 99.35%

Converter Unscheduled Outages

Units Equipment Failure Rate

1 User Defined 1 (Offshore) 2

User Defined 2 (Onshore) Total Unavailability 0.0016


Avaialability 99.84%

Converter Unscheduled Outages


Units Equipment Failure Rate

1 User Defined 2 (Onshore) 2

User Defined 2 (Offshore) Total Unavailability 0.0033


Avaialability 99.67%

Converter Unscheduled Outages

Units Equipment Failure Rate

1 User Defined 2 (Offshore) 2

User Defined 3 (Onshore) Total Unavailability 0.0033


Avaialability 99.67%

Converter Unscheduled Outages

Units Equipment Failure Rate

1 User Defined 3 (Onshore) 2

User Defined 3 (Offshore) Total Unavailability 0.0065


Avaialability 99.35%

Converter Unscheduled Outages

Units Equipment Failure Rate

1 User Defined 3 (Offshore) 2


Failure Rate Unavailability
MTBF MTTR Available Capacity %
(PU) (per Unit)
0.50 0.59 2.00 0.0033 0%
0.50 1.19 2.00 0.0065 0%
0.50 0.59 2.00 0.0033 0%
0.50 1.19 2.00 0.0065 0%
0.50 0.59 2.00 0.0016 50%
0.50 1.19 2.00 0.0033 50%
0.50 0.59 2.00 0.0016 50%
0.50 1.19 2.00 0.0033 50%
0.50 0.59 2.00 0.0016 50%
0.50 1.19 2.00 0.0065 0%
0.50 0.59 2.00 0.0016 50%
0.50 1.19 2.00 0.0033 50%
0.50 0.59 2.00 0.0033 0%
0.50 1.19 2.00 0.0065 0%
0.00 0.00 0.0000 0%
0.00 0.00 0.0000 0%
0.00 0.00 0.0000 0%
0.00 0.00 0.0000 0%
0.00 0.00 0.0000 0%
0.00 0.00 0.0000 0%
0.00 0.00 0.0000 0%
0.00 0.00 0.0000 0%
Unavailability
MTBF Years MTTR Days % Tot Available Capacity %
(per Unit)

0.5 0.59375 0.0033 100% 0%

Unavailability
MTBF Years MTTR Days % Tot Available Capacity %
(per Unit)

0.5 1.1875 0.0065 100% 0%


Unavailability
MTBF Years MTTR Days % Tot Available Capacity %
(per Unit)

0.5 0.59375 0.0033 100% 0%

Unavailability
MTBF Years MTTR Days % Tot Available Capacity %
(per Unit)

0.5 1.1875 0.0065 100% 0%

Unavailability
MTBF Years MTTR Days % Tot Available Capacity %
(per Unit)

0.5 0.59375 0.0016 100% 50%

Unavailability
MTBF Years MTTR Days % Tot Available Capacity %
(per Unit)

0.5 1.1875 0.0033 100% 50%


Unavailability
MTBF Years MTTR Days % Tot Available Capacity %
(per Unit)

0.5 0.59375 0.0016 100% 50%

Unavailability
MTBF Years MTTR Days % Tot Available Capacity %
(per Unit)

0.5 1.1875 0.0033 100% 50%

Unavailability
MTBF Years MTTR Days % Tot Available Capacity %
(per Unit)

0.5 0.59375 0.0016 100% 50%

Unavailability
MTBF Years MTTR Days % Tot Available Capacity %
(per Unit)

0.5 1.1875 0.0065 100% 0%


Unavailability
MTBF Years MTTR Days % Tot Available Capacity %
(per Unit)

0.5 0.59375 0.0016 100% 50%

MTBF Years MTTR Days Unavailability % Tot Available Capacity %


(per Unit)

0.5 1.1875 0.0033 100% 50%

Unavailability
MTBF Years MTTR Days % Tot Available Capacity %
(per Unit)

0.5 0.59375 0.0033 100% 0%

Unavailability
MTBF Years MTTR Days % Tot Available Capacity %
(per Unit)

0.5 1.1875 0.0065 100% 0%


Total Unscheduled 0.0032534

Overall Availability calculations


Unscheduled
Unscheduled Overall MTTR Overall Capacity
Avilability
1.188 0.000

Total Unscheduled 0.0065068

Overall Availability calculations


Unscheduled
Unscheduled Overall MTTR Overall Capacity
Avilability
2.375 0.000
Total Unscheduled 0.0032534

Overall Availability calculations


Unscheduled
Unscheduled Overall MTTR Overall Capacity
Avilability
1.188 0.000

Total Unscheduled 0.0065068

Overall Availability calculations


Unscheduled
Unscheduled Overall MTTR Overall Capacity
Avilability
2.375 0.000

Total Unscheduled 0.0016267

Overall Availability calculations


Unscheduled
Unscheduled Overall MTTR Overall Capacity
Avilability
1.188 0.594

Total Unscheduled 0.0032534

Overall Availability calculations


Unscheduled
Unscheduled Overall MTTR Overall Capacity
Avilability
2.375 1.188

Total Unscheduled 0.0016267


Overall Availability calculations
Unscheduled
Unscheduled Overall MTTR Overall Capacity
Avilability
1.188 0.594

Total Unscheduled 0.0032534

Overall Availability calculations


Unscheduled
Unscheduled Overall MTTR Overall Capacity
Avilability
2.375 1.188

Total Unscheduled 0.0016267

Overall Availability calculations


Unscheduled
Unscheduled Overall MTTR Overall Capacity
Avilability
1.188 0.594

Total Unscheduled 0.0065068

Overall Availability calculations


Unscheduled
Unscheduled Overall MTTR Overall Capacity
Avilability
2.375 0.000

Total Unscheduled 0.0016267

Overall Availability calculations


Unscheduled
Unscheduled Overall MTTR Overall Capacity
Avilability
1.188 0.594

Total Unscheduled 0.0032534

Overall Availability calculations


Unscheduled
Unscheduled Overall MTTR Overall Capacity
Avilability
2.375 1.188

Total Unscheduled 0.0032534

Overall Availability calculations


Unscheduled
Unscheduled Overall MTTR Overall Capacity
Avilability
1.188 0.000

Total Unscheduled 0.0065068

Overall Availability calculations


Unscheduled
Unscheduled Overall MTTR Overall Capacity
Avilability
2.375 0.000
Overall unscheduled Failure Overall Overall unscheduled
Rate unscheduled MTTR capacity availability
2 0.59375 0%

Overall unscheduled Failure Overall Overall unscheduled


Rate unscheduled MTTR capacity availability
2 1.1875 0%
Overall unscheduled Failure Overall Overall unscheduled
Rate unscheduled MTTR capacity availability
2 0.59375 0%

Overall unscheduled Failure Overall Overall unscheduled


Rate unscheduled MTTR capacity availability
2 1.1875 0%

Overall unscheduled Failure Overall Overall unscheduled


Rate unscheduled MTTR capacity availability
2 0.59375 50%

Overall unscheduled Failure Overall Overall unscheduled


Rate unscheduled MTTR capacity availability
2 1.1875 50%

Overall unscheduled Failure Overall Overall unscheduled


Rate unscheduled MTTR capacity availability
2 0.59375 50%
Overall unscheduled Failure Overall Overall unscheduled
Rate unscheduled MTTR capacity availability
2 1.1875 50%

Overall unscheduled Failure Overall Overall unscheduled


Rate unscheduled MTTR capacity availability
2 0.59375 50%

Overall unscheduled Failure Overall Overall unscheduled


Rate unscheduled MTTR capacity availability
2 1.1875 0%

Overall unscheduled Failure Overall Overall unscheduled


Rate unscheduled MTTR capacity availability
2 0.59375 50%
Overall unscheduled Failure Overall Overall unscheduled
Rate unscheduled MTTR capacity availability
2 1.1875 50%

Overall unscheduled Failure Overall Overall unscheduled


Rate unscheduled MTTR capacity availability
2 0.59375 0%

Overall unscheduled Failure Overall Overall unscheduled


Rate unscheduled MTTR capacity availability
2 1.1875 0%
Project Cable Database

Selection f

Failure Rate
Cable Name Technology (H/M/L)
Project 1 Offshore Cable Section HVDC subsea MIND Cable Average
Project 1 Onshore Cable Section HVDC Onshore MIND Cable Average
Project 2 onshore HVDC Onshore MIND Cable Average
Project 2 offshore HVDC subsea MIND Cable Average
Project 3-1 Offshore HVDC subsea MIND Cable Average
Project 3-1 Onshore HVDC Onshore MIND Cable Average
Project 3-2 Onshore HVDC Onshore MIND Cable Average
Project 3-2 Offshore HVDC subsea MIND Cable Average
Offshore Symmetrical Monopole Cable HVDC subsea MIND Cable Average
Onshore Symmetrical Monople Cable HVDC Onshore MIND Cable Average
Offshore Bipole with Metallic Return Cable HVDC subsea MIND Cable Average
Onshore Bipole with Metallic Return Cable HVDC Onshore MIND Cable Average
Offshore Bipole No Return Cable HVDC subsea MIND Cable Average
Onshore Bipole No Return Cable HVDC Onshore MIND Cable Average

Base Availability Data

External Failures (No/km/year)

Cable Type High Low


AC subsea XLPE Cable 0.000375 0.0001875
AC Onshore XLPE Cable 0.00087 0.000435
HVDC subsea XLPE Cable 0.000375 0.0001875
HVDC Onshore XLPE Cable 0.00087 0.000435
HVDC subsea MIND Cable 0.000375 0.0001875
HVDC Onshore MIND Cable 0.00087 0.000435
Selection factors

Converter Cable
Installation Risk Burial Depth MTTR arrangement Configuration
Average Normal Burial Average Symetrical Monopole Unbundled
Average Normal Burial Average Symetrical Monopole Unbundled
Average Normal Burial Average Bipole with earth rerun Unbundled
Average Normal Burial Average Bipole with earth rerun Unbundled
Average Normal Burial Average Symetrical Monopole Unbundled
Average Normal Burial Average Symetrical Monopole Unbundled
Average Normal Burial Average User Defined 1 Unbundled
Average Normal Burial Average User Defined 1 Unbundled
Average Normal Burial Average Symetrical Monopole Unbundled
Average Normal Burial Average Symetrical Monopole Unbundled
Average Normal Burial Average Bipole with earth rerun Unbundled
Average Normal Burial Average Bipole with earth rerun Unbundled
Average Normal Burial Average Bipole no earth return Unbundled
Average Normal Burial Average Bipole no earth return Unbundled

(No/km/year) MTTR (Days) Internal Failures (No/km/year)

Average Average High High Low


0.00025 65 90 0.000405 0.0002025
0.00058 20 30 0.00045 0.000225
0.00025 65 90 0.000405 0.0002025
0.00058 20 30 0.00045 0.000225
0.00025 65 90 0.000405 0.0002025
0.00058 40 65 0.00045 0.000225
External Failures Internal Failures

Available
Capacity Failure
Failure Rate (PA) MTTR (%) Rate MTTR Availability Capacity
0.00025 65 0% 0.00027 65 0%
0.00058 40 0% 0.0003 40 0%
0.00058 40 50% 0.0003 40 50%
0.00025 65 50% 0.00027 65 50%
0.00025 65 0% 0.00027 65 0%
0.00058 40 0% 0.0003 40 0%
0.00058 40 50% 0.0003 40 50%
0.00025 65 50% 0.00027 65 50%
0.00025 65 0% 0.00027 65 0%
0.00058 40 0% 0.0003 40 0%
0.00025 65 50% 0.00027 65 50%
0.00058 40 50% 0.0003 40 50%
0.00025 65 0% 0.00027 65 0%
0.00058 40 0% 0.0003 40 0%
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Cable Factors

s (No/km/year) MTTR (Days) Converter Arrangement

Converter
Average Average High Arrangement
0.00027 65 90 Monopole
0.0003 20 30 Symetrical Monopole
0.00027 65 90 Bipole no earth return
0.0003 20 30 Bipole with earth rerun
0.00027 65 90 User Defined 1
0.0003 40 65 User Defined 2
User Defined 3
AC 1
AC2
AC3

Converter Type
Total Failures

Failure Rate Available


(PA) MTTR Capacity
0.00052 65 0%
0.00088 40 0%
0.00088 40 50%
0.00052 65 50%
0.00052 65 0%
0.00088 40 0%
0.00088 40 50%
0.00052 65 50%
0.00052 65 0%
0.00088 40 0%
0.00052 65 50%
0.00088 40 50%
0.00052 65 0%
0.00088 40 0%
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Arrangement Cable Bundling Arrangement Installation Risk Factor

Available
Capacity (%) Arrangement Factor Risk
0% Bundled 0 High
0% Unbundled 1 Low
0% Average
50%
50% Burial Depth
50% Burial Depth Factor
75% Deep Buried (>1.5m) 0.8
0% Normal Burial 1
86% Unburied 1.2
67%

Symmetrical Monopole (Onshore)


Risk Factor

Factor
1.2
0.8
1
Other Equipment Database

Unplanned Outage

Component Failure Rate (PA) MTTR (Days)


Scheduled Maintenance Less frequent Case (1 0 0
Scheduled Maintenance Medium Case (1) 0 0
Scheduled Maintenance more frequent Case (1 0 0
HVDC Circuit Breaker (3-1) 0.0091 25
Scheduled Maintenance less frequent Case (3- 0 0
Scheduled Maintenance Medium Case (3-2) 0 0
Scheduled Maintenance more frequent Case (3 0 0
HVDC Circuit Breaker (3-2) 0.0091 25
Scheduled Maintenance less frequent Case (2) 0 0
Scheduled Maintenance Medium Case (2) 0 0
Scheduled Maintenance more frequent Case (2 0 0
Scheduled Maintenance less frequent Case (3- 0 0
Scheduled Maintenance Medium Case (3-1) 0 0
Scheduled Maintenance more frequent Case (3 0 0
Converter Transformer 0.03276 7.5

Transformer Failure Rate Breakdown

Failure Rate
Name Outage Type (PA)
Transformers - Unplanned Outages
Converter Transformer In-Situ Repair 0.02637
BTWR 0.00639
Overall 0.03276
Available
Capacity
Scheduled Maintenance (%)

Maintainence
Rate (PA) MTTR (Days)
1 1 0%
1 2 0%
1 3 0%
0 0 0%
1 1 50%
1 2 50%
1 3 50%
0 0 50%
1 1 50%
1 2 50%
1 3 50%
1 1 0%
1 2 0%
1 3 0%
0 0 0%

MTTR (Days)

7.5
90
23.592032967