You are on page 1of 12

IJoDR Commentary

Synchronicity: did Jung have it right?
Kurt Forrer
Maldon Victoria, Australia

Summary. 1. The Problem or the Day of the Tooth: Description of a synchronistic event from personal experience. It is a puz-
zling experience the observation of which requires a certain alertness of mind. It took Jung twenty years to pluck up enough
courage to make his thoughts on this matter public. Jung proposed an ‘acausal law’ that was to form together with the triad
of space, time and causality a ‘quaternio’. This would have to make science even more uncertain than Schrödinger’s cat.
The Celestine Prophecies refer to this phenomenon as ‘insights’ with a spiritual bias. Stripped of its bias it turns out to be
mindfulness possessed by different individuals to varying degrees. 2. Day of the Fishes: Jung’s example of serial synchronic-
ity. He admits that it is a difficult subject that requires an open mind. Six fish motifs appear within 24 hours. His attempts of
explaining the phenomenon. 3. The Scarab Incident: The classic synchronistic event that leads Jung to explain this occur-
rence as the workings of an ‘acausal connecting principle’. The occasion that gave birth to the synchronicity principle was
the apparent accidental appearance of an European scarab while one of Jung’s patients was telling him her dream in which
she was given a piece of jewellery in form of a gold-green scarab. Jung fails to see the obvious yet comes ever so close to
the real explanation. He states that such synchronicities are often accompanied by a kind of foreknowledge. 4. Foreknowl-
edge in Dreams and Waking. Jung realises that such foreknowledge can come from our dreams. But, so he argues, it may
also come in the waking state. He fails to see that foreknowledge can only come from dreams. When it comes in waking
it is nothing more mysterious than a dream remembered ‘cryptomnesically’. This must be examined more closely. 5. The
Déjà Vu: Jung discovered that this experience is rooted in a dream. The déjà vu is the classic example of a dream come
true. There are two variants of the déjà vu: one is based on a cryptomnesic recall of a dream, the other on a direct recall of
a precursory dream. 6. Speak of the Devil: The description of this occurrence explains the cryptomnesic recall of a dream. It
simply means the ability to recall the content of a dream without being able to detect the source of this knowledge. This is
no different to recalling that Canberra is the capital of Australia without remembering where and when we had learnt this fact.
It also demonstrates that foreknowledge or premonition is dream based. 7. The Broken Dream: The exclamation ‘you have
broken my dream!’ explains that dreams may be recalled in course of conversations that touch upon the central motif of the
dream. Speaking of babies, for instance, will recall the dream of this morning in which a baby figured as the highlight of the
dream. 8. The Scarab Dream revisited: The synchronistic mystery of the scarab dream and its materialisation in Jung’s clinic
is explained in terms of the “Speak of the Devil Syndrome”. 9. Return to the Day of the Fishes: The serial synchronicities of
the fish motif are explained: a precursory dream spawned the recurrence of the fish motif. Jung did not realise that the main
motif of a dream manifests serially. Once he went along with Kammerer who believed that there was such a thing as a law of
seriality. Jung rejects this later as nothing more than a statistical problem. The serial manifestation of a dream engenders se-
rial synchronicities. 10. The Serial Manifestation of Dreams. The V-dream from my book “Pregrams of Tomorrow” is provided
as an example. 11. The Royal Road to the Unconscious. Freud’s assertion that our conscious as well as our unconscious life
is determined by the Unconscious. Freud can’t prove this since he denies that the dream can see the future. He is unclear
about the function of the dream. He only knows that it is the mirror of the Unconscious that determines our ways. He cannot
come to the conclusion that the dream is a picture of the future because he believes that the dream can only picture the past.
Freud remains confused. Logic can provide the crucial answer. Confusion of the masters tends to block the understanding
of the followers. 12. The Star Witness to the Dream’s Anticipatory Nature. The case of Michael Barnsley, a mathematician
and inventor of the image compression soft ware. He had a nightmare for 20 years, which formed the basis of his eventual
invention. He did not realise this until 20 years after the first nightmare. This is evidence that the dream leads and knows the
whole story whereas the dreamer will be unaware of what is brewing in his Unconscious. 13. Experimental Corroboration of
the Dream’s Anticipatory Nature. According to a report in “The New Scientist” of 14th September 2002, Benjamin Libet of the
California University experiments with brain functions and discovers that our actions are motivated unconsciously. Freud’s
assertion is vindicated. My finding that the dream is the template of waking experience is underpinned. 14. The Experiment
of the Posthypnotic Suggestion. The posthypnotic suggestion takes place under similar conditions as the nocturnal dream.
It can serve therefore as an illustration of how the dream dictates to us what to do in a similar way as does the hypnotist. The
result tallies with what John Gray said who had penned the article on Libet’s experiment: “If cognitive science is right, the
picture of humans that philosophers conjure up when defending the ideal of personal autonomy is at least partly a chimera.”
15. Determinism as the Solution to the Riddle of Synchronicity. In view of strong evidence that the dream is the precursor
of waking, synchronicity is no longer a mystery, but becomes simply a series of déjà vus. 16. Causality versus the Acausal
Connecting Principle of Jung. Everything points to the fact that synchronicity is not an acausal connecting principle but an
‘ordinary’ linking of ‘ordinary’ causal events. What is different is that the brain function that induces a physical action remains
hidden until it is exposed experimentally. 17. Return to the Day of the Tooth 18. Extension of the Causal Chain. Causality is
led back from the 3rd dimension of every day life to the 4th dimension of the dream and ultimately to the 5th dimension of the
Pre-existent Reality. 19. Time and Space. The dream as the best illustration that time and space are illusory. Causality as the
ultimate casualty. 20. Galileo II A changed way of seeing the world. From the geocentric to egocentric. 21. The Unitive Vision

152 International Journal of Dream Research Volume 8, No. 2 (2015)

the greater is our spiritual Carl Jung. We have prisingly.” (419) cently fitted crown of a tooth on the upper right. In short. this is hard a more forthright and rigorous approach to this mystifying to digest. Somebody happens to mention the custom Professor Pauli who was a student of quantum mechanics. and although he the fish symbol in history. brought the problem ever of ordinary cause and effect known to science. like all of ‘insights’ is commensurate with increased awareness. using this series for a larger work and had just finished writ- ing it down. our in- incidences’ prevalent in western science is “in many ways ability to spot such ‘insights’ is. The experiments of Benjamin Libet of the University of While I cannot share the author’s spiritual bias. In the afternoon a former patient of not one of physics. never part of the cur- told me a dream in which she stood on the shore of a lake rent conversation. merely al- Sitting in my car I was listening to the radio while having a luding to it “without discussing it any further. something went crunch in my mouth. when I was it out to him. Just as a program on dental hesitated because. In a footnote eyes on the butterflies on the double page. And conversely. “The New Scientist”. of the reader. Commentary IJoDR The causalistic view of ‘chance runs’ and meaningful co. which impelled him to speculate that we were dealing When we find out just what occurred on the ‘Day of the Fish- here with an ‘a-causal connecting principle’. is medius piscis ab imo’. The definitive occasion began on the first of tific observation would be open to all sorts of uncertainties April 1949. not until we have pointed appendix on synchronicity: “A few months later. heart and put the matter courageously on the table? The we are most likely sceptics. “Not now. of making an ‘April fish’ of someone. a certain butterfly when his little boy. Indeed. Corresponding address: This time a fish a foot long lay on the sea-wall.” Jung. might be phrased something like this: the increase connection whatsoever. as he confessed. 2 (2015) 153 . Since no one else was present. according to “The Celestine Prophecy”.com another face than that of a single coincidence such as I have described at the beginning of this paper. of a mental alertness that is present in fore we take the decisions to act. for them there can be no meaningful ity have multiplied themselves over decades. which she had painted everybody is aware of such ‘coincidences’. “The Structure and Dynamics of the Psyche” alertness supposed to be. steeped in mechanics and physics.” (426) But this was not all. yet they are in in the meantime. Our actions are initiated different persons to varying degrees. I was at this time engaged in a study of busy. he admitted in his foreword to it that he had “lacked the courage” to air his ruminations about this 1. the more often we can spot these coincidences. 14th Sep. Indeed. awareness. as he says in his essay on synchronicity. 2. he may not have on page 427 he added something. Jung found support in his view from the physicist fish for lunch. if I am not mistaken. the subject “made un- health began. That same morning I There is.” (419) He had humble sandwich for lunch. To put it simply. but one of perception. daddy is landed at her feet. Indeed. had grap- pled with this problem for a long time without publishing his John Gray. it is chiefly be- the crown of my tooth that my dentist had fitted with such cause my experiences of the phenomenon of synchronic- skill and care. while on the connection at all between two such occurrences since it is other hand. are fully aware that listening to a Jung’s own words: “If I have now conquered my hesitation dental care program could not have caused the snapping of and at last come to grips with my theme. and not something that would appear to be subject to the laws of the fish symbol in particular. I must California demonstrate that “the electrical impulse in the agree that having these ‘insights’ is clearly a matter of brain that initiates action occurs up to half a second be. Johnny. In the evening I was shown a piece of em- everybody’s life. So what gave him the impetus in the end to open his If our first reaction to this anecdote is: “Just coincidence”. The pip common demands on the open-mindedness and goodwill of a so-called pitted olive had managed to snap off the re. closer to me. For folks of es’. Only one person mentioned knew may have clearly seen the open book and actually set his anything about it. in short. mine whom I had not seen for months.” (419) Jung was certainly of the opinion that connections be- tween such events were outside the known laws of phys. I have no idea how the fish could have got Kurt Forrer there. when purged of its spiri- two intimately related matters that have no apparent causal tual bias. We may for example be in the garden of a broidery with fish-like sea-monsters in it.” sure of spiritual retardation. No. 2002 concern. which he reiterated in the noticed the glaring coincidence. for the real problem. my researches into the history of symbols. Australia This remarkable episode shows that synchronicity has Email: dnaofdreams@gmail. however. suddenly comes rushing out of the house and saw a large fish that swam straight towards her and with an open book in his hand. I walked over to a spot by the lake in front of the house where I had already been several times that morning. we are not surprised that Jung could no longer defer the west. whom I had not seen for many years. On the morning of friend of ours who is deeply engrossed in telling us about April 2 another patient. reason he gave for this fits in with the observations made in dental coming together at one particular moment in time of “The Celestine Prophecy” which. Here is his own record of the sixfold recurrence that would put Schrödinger’s cat puzzle to shame. a mea- a prejudice and a bias that ought to be corrected. The ‘Day of the Fishes’ ics.” our friend admonishes his tiny son. unconsciously. with such a rogue law the rest of scien- phenomenon. Sceptics believe in an acci. sceptics. no need for us to get embroiled in that made a note of an inscription. as we shall see.” (521) 26 Parkins Reef Road. Maldon Victoria 3463. In common sense individuals. which read: ‘Est homo totus branch of science. Not sur- of the fish motif within 24 hours: “Today is Friday. This kind of International Journal of Dream Research Volume 8. The Problem or the Day of the Tooth vexing phenomenon in public for twenty years. showed me some The first thing in support of this view is the fact that not extremely impressive pictures of fish.

and re. telepathy. with an apology stating: “I am only too conscious that syn- ing it. he caught the insect as it flew in. This time his atten- As he constantly kept coming across connections. he saw it “as a paradigm of the materialised in perfect literality shortly after he went to innumerable cases of meaningful coincidences that have Spain on holidays (522) he touched upon what I see as the been observed not only by me but by many others.” (525-6) Jung admitted that nothing like it ever happened to him Finally. which then the mystery of synchronicity. after telling this classic case of synchronicity he kept hover- merer. cornerstone to the edifice that is the theory of the predictive corded in large collections.. Instead. “It was a scarabaeid he had been all along to the resolution of synchronicity’s beetle”. to recog- about the dream of an unknown officer. Foreknowledge in Dreams & Waking your scarab’. Jung was inclined to go along with his explanation ing around the solution to the problem. span makes this phenomenon even more extraordinary. yet Jung did not make the expected atically and with greater resolution. (425) But in the end he dismissed this view of dream that predicted Goddard’s aeronautic accident and things by saying that Kammerer’s “concepts of seriality… the scarab dream of his recalcitrant patient there and then. Should that not have rung a bell in the steeple of this giant as he put it. that was not the end of the matter for Jung. of ‘runs of chance’.” (525) After Jung had opened the win. No. One such ‘coincidence’ was the famous scarab incident. similar 3. Jung thought that there was Jung listening to his own words? Dream! Prediction! were two kinds of foreknowledge: one gained in dreams. It for “we often (!) dream about people from whom we receive began with the dream of one of his patients. from Rhine’s investigations into the psi Of course. Unfortunately he did not explain before that a patient of his had a dream in which someone how we might obtain foreknowledge or precognition in the had handed her a golden scarab gem. he wrote. after telling us that startling example of the horse before or since. The Scarab Incident occurrences. unwillingness. This is evident from that these ‘runs’ must be subject to something like a ‘law the fact that instead of making the connection between the of seriality’. and not just at odd occasions. had been predictive. who just told us in the paragraph dreams in the waking state. In the end it led him to connection. confirming that dreams to be psychologically inaccessible. or indeed. instead of mockingly exposing would represent a degree of improbability that would have itself within striking distance at the edge of the woods. It seems to ambush even the most brilliant professionals in Jung was. (525) In this dream someone had given her a costly chronicity is a highly abstract and ‘irrepresentable’ quan- piece of jewellery in the shape of a golden scarab.” (525) Because of this do come true. on foreknowledge in dreams. the master interpreter over. Because it epitomised. or as he It is indeed fascinating how this event of events bowled put it. trological experiment (459-484) a review of forerunners of And turn up it did. a young woman a letter by the next post.” (425) Egyptian soul birds. since ners. he had to confine himself in the end “to the hope that some. and carriage dream a student friend of his had.” (444) he had been treating without success because she “proved Yet even after this crucial insight. When he turned around he discovered “that it wanted to hunt down and dispatch so he could pull out its was a fairly large flying insect that was knocking against the still palpitating heart. mystery. frequent recurrences of one and the same motif. It is the more captivating. One among them that loomed rather large was Kam. into the dark room.” (526) From there he went on to nature of dreams. he overlooked all these appended offerings. While tity. I handed the beetle to my patient with the words. But then he added something that possibly explains the holm to the recent report by Air Marshall Sir Victor Goddard reason for his hesitation. Jung heard a rapping on contains a host of choice cuts of that retractable beast he the window.” (526) icity: “But we saw that this foreknowledge can also occur As we read this last part of the quote we wonder at once: in the waking state. Once again it was confirmed that it too he was dragooned into pursuing the matter more system. to be expressed by an astronomical figure. tell us no more than that the ‘run of chance’ corresponds to he skipped from birds heralding death to Babylonian and statistical and mathematical probability. It came in form of an “impressive dream the idea of synchronicity (485-504) a conclusion (505-519) the night before” she found herself at Jung’s clinic retell.” and finally an appendix (520-531) which amazingly she was still relating her dream. he once again skirted around the crux of the matter in order thing unexpected and irrational would turn up”. window-pane from the outside in the obvious effort to get Incredibly. telepa- 154 International Journal of Dream Research Volume 8. something to ponder subject matter that was far removed from dreams that might burst her Cartesian rationalism with which she and their materialisation. These ruminations included an as- had girded herself.” (437) And so.W. he went on to say that people often live scarab of gold-green colour on the day after? How curi.” (522) Swedenborg’s well-attested vision of the great fire in Stock. of course.” (522) Clearly. which tion came to rest on the case of J.IJoDR Commentary proliferation of one particular motif within such a short time ous is this phenomenon of not seeing the forest for trees. green colour most nearly resembles that of a golden scarab. He enumerated many forerun. volcanic disaster. ‘Here is 4. and the other apprehended independently of of dream interpretation. not the first one to have noticed such their very own field of expertise. 2 (2015) . “or a common rose-chafer whose gold. put this gift in the same basket with “clairvoyance. Dunne’s dream of a he “simply could not explain as chance groupings or runs”. Instead of stamping his foot and crying out ‘eu- confess: “What I found were ‘coincidences’. only to be handed a waking state. from of cases. which were reka!’ he continued as if his quarry was roaming deep in the connected so meaningfully that their ‘chance’ concurrence heart of a darksome forest. as I have found in a number that goes by the name of clairvoyance. he proceeded by telling us that Dunne’s expe- rience of dreaming things ahead was not really so unusual. like nothing else. happily oblivious to the proximity of the solution to that teasing beetle episode and a host of other. factor to yet another predictive dream. which predicted the nise the role of the dream as the pivotal point in synchron- subsequent accident to Goddard’s plane. etc. It is the déjà vu of which Jung wrote: “The say something quite remarkable: “They include everything sentiment du déjà vu is based. displaying with even greater drama how spectacularly close dow. but frequently.

From this is evident once more that we can recall some- I found that a significant number of people who have had thing we have dreamt about without realising that we had the experience of this curious ‘double-take’ have. in order to make a more astute chatting. a lost baby that my dream came to mind. at such fore’. or only one. there are not two kinds of keeping a dream diary. Naturally. on the other hand. “It is difficult to avoid the impression that there ence such dreams come to us often the night before the is a sort of foreknowledge of the coming …events. It is at such occasions that we exclaim: “Speak and how it relates to foreknowledge. What I here waking manifestation. No. so the recall of dreams. why I should have had such a dream. 2 (2015) 155 . in the succinctly: The classic déjà vu is a literal manifestation of midst of our conversation our friend will unexpectedly inter- an anticipatory dream overlaid by its precisely synchronous rupt the dialogue and exclaim as we speak: “You’ve just bro- recall. Commentary IJoDR thy etc. It is this curi. This closeness is obviously enough to different from any other memory failure not connected with stimulate the hidden memory of the precursory dream. the positivists will declare that foreknowledge that we are able to clearly identify as having these people would have ‘reconstructed’ the sort of dream been grounded in a dream. In my experi. It was when you talked about was unable to see the synchronicity of the butterfly conver. In such a scenario and remember here is that both the classic prototype and the cryptomnesic content of a dream impinges on our mind its variant demonstrate that a dream memory may readily with the result that we will have the distinct sensation of a surface at the moment a precursory dream is manifest- International Journal of Dream Research Volume 8. as we keep addressed and resolved. and that one is When. So we can do will appear out of a crowd of people. This is really no different from any other associative trigger to the memory in situations away 6. the very person we had mentioned in conversation judgement about the root of synchronicity. Suddenly. Clearly. The situation that illustrates this best that gives us that vexing sensation of a ‘double-take’. When I investigated this matter. In short. remembered a dream that had anticipated the very the classic déjà vu together. observe the subsequent waking periods. it is nevertheless something that our friend has ‘seen be- cryptomnesically instead of openly. we apprehend its source vu. of the Devil!” Jung attested to such occasions of which he said that 5. I am aware that the positivists explain this phenomenon instead of overlapping with its manifestation. but we can also have foreknowl- memory that in their view went ahead of its subsequent edge the source of which we do not recognise. ‘something we have heard or seen before’. we can be like the father who my dream from this morning. The Déjà Vu they “occur in every conceivable form and by no means in- frequently. Such a consist of. we soon discover that the déjà vu is merely the classic case of a dream come 7. Memory is after all built on an associative Recall: network. They insist that it is fore its actual realisation in the waking state. I wondered upon gence. he did say. Put has us chatting with a friend.” (523) about a certain person. as the argument of the positivists suggests. When we now put the two cases of flection. but after the first momentary astonishment they My own research into the déjà vu convinced me that Jung are as a rule quickly forgotten. Only patient and careful observance and meticulous waking. not ev. speaking in the course of our conversation perception. Whenever I have discussed this with then propose is that the ‘foreknowledge’ Jung had called positivists and other sceptics. for instance. dreamt it beforehand. foreknowledge. but a revisit of something we had dreamt before. where in fact the dream memory manifests verbatim and presents itself in our consciousness together with its Apart from cryptomnesic déjà vus there are other variants of waking manifestation in perfect simultaneity. the ‘broken dream’ is nothing but a variant of the A typical example for such cryptomnesic recalls is what I classic déjà vu. must be ticular acquaintance or friend. bringing it to the surface. ‘Speak of the Devil’ as typical Cryptomnesic from dream recall. we do keep a dream diary and indubitably rooted in a dream. One such variant ous overlap of the dream memory with its waking realisation is the ‘broken dream’. without being able to explain what these faculties kind of foreknowledge of what is about to happen. we need to look first at the déjà vu itself next corner. Yet it is close enough to what has been said being unable to remember the dream as such. we can see that we can have event in question. or what means of transmission they use in order situation is prone to arise when we are chatting with a friend to render events distant in space and time accessible to our in the street. happens be- by means of a ‘split brain function’. We may then suddenly From this is evident that the question whether or not be getting the feeling that we are about to meet that par- there are two types of foreknowledge. for I don’t recording will in time reveal that every déjà vu is based on a have any friends or acquaintances with small babies. for instance. ken my dream!” If we have never heard this expression and But.” (521) déjà vu occurs. she will say: “What you have just said to me brought back When it comes to this ability.” (522) Jung did not claim that was absolutely right when he declared that the déjà vu was such occasions were based on a dream memory as I do. The ‘Broken Dream’ true. I have found that they were ‘foreknowledge in the waking state’ is really a ‘cryptomne- not exactly prolific dreamers and none was in the habit of sic recall’ of a dream. And sure enough. an illusion of perception. the “Speak of the Devil” episode is principally a patient the night before she retold it at his clinic. upon re. and I dream. The explanation for certainly am well past looking after babies of my own!” this is that in the case when we don’t recall the dream that While this does not fit into the mould of the classic déjà hatched its waking counterpart. This is no in the conversation. although not in the literal manner that is evident in the times we recall only the content of the source-dream while classic déjà vu. In other words. ask our friend: “What do you mean by ‘broken my dream’?” eryone is able to recall the dream that hatched the déjà vu. cryptomnesic déjà vu where the recall of the dream memory. instead there is only one.. whether this is recognised or not. or come around the that systematically. What is of paramount importance to note call the ‘Speak of the Devil Syndrome’. just as the scarab dream came to Jung’s As I see it.

We stop and cook our meal after could not also be rooted in a dream.IJoDR Commentary ing in the waking state. which he saw as synchronistic occasions. spreading beetle of the dream. es. This showed me clearly So how then is it with the scarab dream? Is it also a variant of that these apparent ‘chance runs’ were no less rooted in a a déjà vu? What happened in Jung’s clinic is most certainly dream than the scarab incident or the ‘Speak of the Devil something that had been ‘seen before’ by the dreamer. In waking she was handed a gold-green it was simply because the dream that had spawned his fish- scarab. the fact spot a flock of swans overhead flying in typical V-formation. They shriek with delight at the sizzling and hissing waking experience. Faced with such a SM3 1:47 p. dream. When I came across the passage of the ‘Day of the we normally say: “That reminds me of…” Fishes’. The girls ‘Day of the Fishes’. a golden scarab. when its physical counterpart miraculously ap. Each time such 8. He then took me straight to the library of the univer- call of the dream will be simultaneous and overlapping with sity where we were studying and pulled out the volume of its corresponding manifestation. While in the classic version the re. generally. And ing left of it except a feeling of happy expectations. or the ‘Broken Dream Syndrome’. as he called them. it was nevertheless easily and unmis. where icity. in the ‘broken dream’ the Jung’s ‘The Structure and Dynamics of the Psyche’. foreknowledge was identical in substance. I cut déjà vu and its many variants. and of the Fishes’. there was noth- of the Devil!” while handing the beetle to his patient. They were in fact a lot closer in form and colour than many the more the foreseen details of an event pile up. of course. In Syndrome’. Shortly af. and quite fact. I familiarised myself with Jung’s essay on synchron- the usual manner of an associative memory trigger. a stake for each and sharpen it to a spear. The Scarab Dream revisited a run occurred to me. it is not so obvious to recognise what is happen. Which variant? The ‘Speak of the Devil” variant! Just as manifestations was as follows: in the ‘Speak of the Devil’ case. the dreamer of the scarab “A pack of huskies is rushing out into the wide open episode was talking about her golden scarab she was given spaces of the polar region. particularly 10. queried. he was so particular about following the plot of the By way of demonstrating what exactly happens in such cas- dream. Per chance we come to a picnic ground case we must nevertheless ask ourselves if runs of this kind called ‘Love’s Creek’. The plots of both the nocturnal event and its corresponding this was like saying that Jung should have had some sort of waking manifestation were perfectly parallel. which as giving of the piece of jewellery of the golden scarab and the we now see. This was contrary that one was a piece of jewellery while the other was a live to other occasions when he observed that in connection beetle. I could point to a dream that I had re- corded in the morning upon waking. No. 2 (2015) . barking exu- peared. the more improbable does chance become. Here is an abbreviated reproduction of the seven serial manifestations of the dream: While the ‘synchronicity’ of the scarab incident is easily SM1 6. It is some. Indeed. expectantly: “Are we going out anywhere this weekend?” ing when a series of motifs recurs as in the example of the SM2 11:38 a. They go about Long before I had read any of Jung’s papers I was deeply spearing papers and burn them in the picnic fire. The Serial Manifestation of Dreams in connection with his criticism of Freud’s disregard for con- text. across the featureless white of the landscape. There was the foreknowledge in conjunction with the fish series. That in recall will follow the manifestation of the congruent motif in hand. much the same as the which I ask the girls to clean the litter on the grounds. When stead. As he said himself: “Now. the idea of dousing the glowing sticks in the nearby (Love’s) ter a harrowing nightmare that was more real than everyday creek.50 a.” When I woke up from this dream. what curious to discover that Jung paid little attention to this congruence of action when at other times. We are on the way to a picnic. that the dream came back to me takably identified as its waking counterpart. For this reason in a flash. my arms wide and high. Cleaning up papers is now forgotten. And this became ever clearer in the course of the 9. The central objects of the two scenes. back the dream. If Jung didn’t have a sation in Jung’s clinic. After re- preoccupied with the mystery of the dream quite generally. As I stretch out my arms my focus is on the explained by means of a manifestation of a dream as it is V of the cornice in one corner of the bedroom. the two girls hold the tips of the spears together so I told one of my fellow students who was steeped in Jungian that the flames at the points stay alight. were nevertheless identical in motif. The only difference between those two gifts was es did not impinge in anyway on his mind.” (522) In a way. which ensures good psychology he exclaimed: “Synchronicity!” “What is that?” I sizzling. in the case of the scarab incident we are face to that I have published in my dream book “Pregrams of To- face with nothing more mysterious than a variant of the déjà morrow” (Pp. I had a dream that engendered seven this engenders. the déjà vu of either kind. nor was he There is general excitement. I knew from experience that it must be the sode of a dream come true! V-formation of the huskies in the dream that was its cen- tral motif. distinctly part of the experience.m. The girls get and with its power to foresee events in particular. My wife asks being told. Jung might well have exclaimed: “Speaking berantly. 64-72) The dream that engendered the ‘run’ of vu. I wish to reproduce a condensed form of the V-dream Clearly. the dream scenario varied very little from its actuali. In typical V-formation they travel in her dream.m. In- manifestations of its central motif on the ensuing day. Since it was this very V of my arms that brought the scarab incident may legitimately be regarded as an epi. although not with such ‘pile-ups’. the more of the fish motifs Jung enumerated in the series of the ‘Day definite is the impression of an existing foreknowledge.m. In this way the two spears form a clear V with burn- 156 International Journal of Dream Research Volume 8. that Jung had no precursory dream to report. It was although the beetle was not identical in substance with the only when I sat up in bed and stretched myself. The reason for this is. must have been founded in some precursory handing over of the live golden-green scarab. I recognised it at once as an experience I had been having quite regularly since my nightmare. In the dream the patient was given precursory dream or some kind of foreknowledge to report. in order to arrive at a valid interpretation. Return to the ‘Day of the Fishes’ day. peated burning the spear tips catch on fire. speaking of any kind of foreknowledge.

The dream day. that the V of the dream the dream or after you had the dream?” (Ibid 172) If Freud had been formed by a pack of huskies when the only mani. the whole series might be put into the a footnote (Opus cit. so must we ask. October 14) SM7 11:45 Exuberant lovemaking. led me along the piece of street up to the little house and call here that Freud had said that the eye was symbolical of pushed the door open. for a start all he had to do is to ask his patients Clearly. harmonious story. their indifference or frustrations on the threads of emotions that pervade the seven episodes. test”. Yet. I am walking in the garden with baby son ness for insisting that the ‘concrete’ sexual interpretation of in my arms. it is being held together by the associative ties. which they later plunge into the Cyclops’ eye. Mary Queen of this would have given him the framework for a scientific test Scots stands before the block. I point to it to the dream had no place or only a subservient role in psy- attract the boy’s attention. “To test or not too figures in the illustration form a clear V. he would soon have found himself festation with a dog was that of the queen’s lap dog under devising a systematic framework of prediction and valida- her skirt. if Freud had made the same index fingers join at the tip to form a V.m. and the flaming lances dipped in the creek.e. For this. the waking period immedi- a fire. was to make the appropriate SM6 9:56 p.” he insisted that the dreamer did the vagina. the soul of the dead king (or queen) to the North Pole where. paradoxically. But as we look closer. August 1975. dream was capable of seeing the future. i. But then. Later scientifically. 7 No 2. As we realise not have the kind of intercourse indicated by the dream out this. Commentary IJoDR ing apex. the burning pole. pg. the Queen’s skirt formed a ‘canine V’ by association. Rohwolt Taschen- runner of what we later experience in waking as an apparent buch Verlag GmbH. my translation) As is easy to random run. had followed this model. They sexual predictions based on a series of dreams. For this practice in the mould of the ancient art of ing of motifs and themes that transforms the whole series dream divining was not only logical. 172) he would have stood corrected eighth house of astrology. “The Interpretation dream and so couldn’t test his assertion by means of pre- of Dreams”. Suddenly she lunges her tor. death. Apart from sharing a if the results of his analyses tallied with their sexual activi- common motif. he asserted.” (Sigmund Freud. But the more one is driven to recognize that the majority of the how did Freud arrive. when he didn’t believe in the anticipatory character of the sion to erotic wishes. Elizabeth R is screened. page 81. in so forward with her arms spread out like wings behind her. and in his Praguian interpretation. This classic example of his disregard for the plot is to be found theme is continued in the death of the queen that seems in the Praguian dream where he interpreted the buildings to fly out of this life. the dream is the blueprint of every waking experience. A bright moon shines overhead. In short. which Jung considered impossible. it would reincarnate. This But Freud was. which is about sex. When read to. the collection of episodes becomes a terse story of his analyses would have been confirmed in most cases. a test. verified. dreams of adults deal with sexual material and give expres. The fam.m. Golden Press. Indeed. but also wise. into his hands. prised him. der to substantiate his claims. but it representative of the female body. this is not a random series. apart from being strong evidence that the dream is the fore. their master feeling the back of each sheep. we learn that they were thought to carry dency to go against the context of the dream on occasion. Octave Mannoni. Excitedly he too points and our choanalysis. of “consideration for her”. he would have had to ask Freud for forgive- SM4 8:10 p. this series also underscores Freud’s conviction see. compare them with the subsequent sexual behaviour of the The illustration shows Odysseus’ men holding a pole over dreamer on the dream day. A in the swan’s breeding ground. of a dream. and learnt at the same time transformation. these Arab interpret- a coherent. It tations: “Did you copulate with your wife the night before may seem strange. When we look at the mythol. The recognition of ily is watching TV. Jung deservedly rapped him over his knuckles. instead. barred from this because he picture is further augmented by the story of Odysseus with didn’t acknowledge that a dream was predictive of things the lines that say: “When morning came. for he would have seen to his astonishment that gether. But exuberance. excitement and loving. the flocks surged to come. 522) Had he followed. of course.” ascribe to coincidence or free choice are in reality subject (The Iliad and the Odyssey. No. the practice of the Mesopotamian Arabs (who had ant rushing out towards the polar region an unmistakably inherited the Babylonian practice of interpretation) cited in erotic slant. in or- her lap dog is found to have been under her skirts. Vol. to unconscious mechanisms. other words. When it from an apparent random collection of identical motifs to came to questions of a sexual nature.” (“Freud”. Indeed. The scene of the Cyclops is not just a of the citadel of Prague with perfect appropriateness as portrayal of blinding for the sake of gaining freedom. he would have had to acknowledge that the SM5 Minutes after this we return to the lounge. 2 (2015) 157 . observations. this is a direct corroboration of my observations that that “the more one is concerned with the solution of dreams. give the exuber. the interplay between the feminine V. we see that the shape of tion of his interpretative work. (Opus cit. “the actions we out to pasture. that the sexual meaning of dreams could be scientifically Much more could be said here of the amazing interweav. And conversely. their abstinence. at such a conclusion. instead of go- also prefigures sexual intercourse that too is liberating and ing along with the dream’s plot that clearly stated: “My wife is followed by the death of countless spermatozoa. page 520) diction and verification? If Jung had been able to observe a series like the one described. This may not be apparent in every case. 57) Thus. and then choose the story of Odysseus’ encounter with the Cyclops. Rohwolt’s Monographien. (See IJoDR. tions had failed to hit their target mainly because of his ten- ogy of the swans. echoing the theme of the ers would regularly ask the dreamers prior to their interpre- source-dream. The girls clamour for a bedtime story. “Love’s Creek” flies like he would also have discovered that some of his interpreta- a banner over the whole day. The ately following the dreams. for instance. all that was needed for Freud. The results of such an enquiry would have sur- whole series begins in bed and ends in bed. We re. that was able to verify his sexual interpretation which engenders surprisingly deep emotions in me. But the V too is a feminine image. together with the realisation that it was born International Journal of Dream Research Volume 8.

we need to such impediments set up by the masters that we must now find experimental support that demonstrates that it is not look at a case of the materialisation of a recurrent dream the waking ego that initiates action. he should also have seen that it ries that came from his dreams. we are face to face with that curi. for instance. It seems to me that this very failure of the masters to spot the obvious must have been. as he maintained. or indeed the nightmare. He evades the meta. The Star Witness to the Dream’s Anticipatory to modern instrumentation that allows us to observe directly Nature what is happening in our brain when faced with situations that require action on our part. California. fashioned telephone exchange. venson’s suspicion that it was not only the plots of his sto- scious. where an expert copyist!” fails to see the forest for trees. It suffices Freud to show that the actions. (In it) I saw how scious. and indeed the actions in our daily life. This experimentation has now been made possible thanks 12. he invariably proved Unconscious exactly the same as what he had maintained unequal to this task.” (Documentary film hosted by Arthur physical difficulties for which he has no interest. despite the numerous materialisations of may still seem too anecdotal to be conclusive for the scien- dreams he had witnessed and recorded.IJoDR Commentary 11. And ultimately this also allows us to understand why the future. tember 2002 shows that “the electrical impulse in the brain pear time and time again until its message is understood that initiates action occurs up to half a second before we and acted upon. Strangely task would be if he managed to sort out the wiring. Once more. the dream. and thus a clear view of world. has been devised by Benjamin Libet of the University of ture than the recurring nightmare that plagued the math. It also corroborates Robert Louis Ste- the matter. It seems that his sceptical in the documentary called ‘Colours of Infinity’: “The dis- attitude towards the dream’s capacity to anticipate the fu. you could straighten out the switchboard. page 80) twenty-year-old nightmare returned. But this time it came We can only speculate how Freud had arrived at such a in a totally new dress. shows that it was not the dreamer but the dream itself that ously it was not that Freud lacked interest in pursuing the was in charge from the beginning to the end. remodelling of the dream stories into tales of the waking ing contents of the Unconscious’. Obvi. one would have thought that he would have said of the tangle the bewildering muddle of wires. which was now to be able to capture this fire of Prometheus. it was an inadequate under. he came to the opposite conclusion. that resembled something like the switchboard of an old- pening in the Unconscious. The main reason for this was that he of the dream: that it was incapable of viewing the future and had no idea what the confronting matrix was for. But the day sciously. covery of how to automatically calculate the collage of an ture was overruled by the machinations of his own Uncon. how all the wires In view of this contradictory stance Freud had taken.” (Opus cit. Clearly. if the dream was the way to the Uncon. and still is. it would come untangled and be nicely connected. enough. it demonstrates that it was the dream’s idea to build standing of the role the dream had to play in relation to the image compression software and use Michael Barnsley as Unconscious that bogged him down and forced him to quit its head and hands. and how is not surprising that Mannoni. but something beyond that is strong enough to break this 100-year deadlock. thus taking all the decision making fractal mathematics. Thus. As is well A report of his work in ‘The New Scientist’ of 14th of Sep- known in psychological circles. may re. As much as he tried to un- ror. Instead. it future possibilities. Armed with such a magic mir. will 158 International Journal of Dream Research Volume 8. namely that These distressing nocturnal upheavals harassed him un- the Unconscious and not our personal awareness was the til he came across a demonstration of Benoit Mandelbrot’s driving force in our life. a factor in preventing their followers from seeing 13. This is what Barnsley himself said deterministic view of existence. Realising its potential as a means to out of our hands. C. The experiment in question There is no better example of the dream’s anticipatory na. available to everyone. said in this the grid. its control. put it in a box and being able to make this in reality unconscious mechanisms. It is because of tific mind. Freud retarded the recognition of the Anticipatory Nature dream’s prognostic ability due to his point blank denial that While all this may be strong evidence in favour of the idea the dream could see the future. The Royal Road to the Unconscious disappear. Clark) page 80) Like no other. a recurring dream will reap. he explored possible implied for him a determinism that rules both the conscious ways to go about it. way. what its was condemned to look forever towards the past. while Jung had the same that the dream is in charge of inventions and all sorts of effect by insisting that the dream was merely reconnoitering artistic activities. He did not have to wait long before the and unconscious life absolutely.” (Opus cit. take the decisions to act. this we ascribe to coincidence or freely made decisions obey fractal wonder. Something similar happened to Michael Barnsley who began to be visited by a disturbing dream while still It is well known that Freud believed that the dream was the a student of mathematics. arbitrary picture came to me in a dream. In it he was presented with the Royal Road to the Unconscious. As Mannoni had put it. ematician Michael Barnsley for twenty years.” he gets a new job. A man out of work. who had penned the little you would join all the wires from big blocks to little blocks in booklet from which I have quoted the above. Put another question any further. 2 (2015) . Our actions are initiated uncon- peatedly dream that he keeps missing the bus. To put this on solid scientific ground. Experimental Corroboration of the Dream’s it themselves. “(the Unconscious) create image compression software. I woke up one morning and I knew I had discovered connection: “This theory (of Freud) is not completely worked the total secret to fractal image compression…So the goal through. No. but also the subsequent was nothing less than a direct reflection of the ‘predetermin. By this he could only have problem of sorting out a tangled mess of wires on a matrix meant that the dream was a reflection of what was hap. I am a mere ous phenomenon encountered earlier on. this case of a dream-inspired invention Here Mannoni was too kind in his adjudication. Mozart said of himself: ‘I am not a composer.

” on in the Unconscious. tion of choice loses its potency when we remember the Fortunately we have a splendid example of how all this can dream that inspired us to act in this or in that way. These mean that I can’t be as sure about being in charge of my life brain waves have been dubbed Theta waves. precisely at the required time. But after a barrage of stinging words she suddenly words. for instance. the subject will find a perfectly rational justification. The answer to this is simple: Free will is without any doubt One of the things that must worry us is the unbelievable a distinct and undeniable feeling everyone has. But when we unravel did this. defending the ideal of personal autonomy is at least partly a We have seen that this kind of premonitory activation of chimera. responding waking manifestations. we will never know memory must have been built in the very command that Li. brought back to ordinary waking consciousness. Mozart nodding their heads. When asked why he propensity of apprehending the future. I can see the hackles rise on the sceptics and their al- What is required for this experiment is a subject that is lies. grab the vase with those flowers in it. choose and own that precious commodity we call free will? ative insights. flashes of intuition or spiritual experiences. When deep hypnosis shares the precise symptoms of the noctur. like the hypnotist’s. Normally we take it for granted. that all dreams must be components of a blue- to the table there. we learn something thoroughly fundamental as we follow including dream memories. work. veto what the brain had initiated. For all practical purposes it might as well not exist. But the no- synchronisation that is involved in such split-second timing. Commentary IJoDR Freud’s assertion that the Unconscious implied a de. I put this view once to a young woman who was normally nal dream and thus parallels what is happening to us while well in control of herself. it can give the orders to us to act at a precisely So what then is happening half a second before Libet asks given time. take print for life. sistency principle that operates within nature that impels us When you wake up you will not be able to remember that to ask: “If one dream has come true. For the majority of those educated in a western climate susceptible to deep hypnosis. they are also characteristic of Indeed. but it is unclear how we ample we have examined in this regard is the ‘Speak of the can even know that we have deliberately exercised this ca- Devil Syndrome’. But what about Michael Barn- quently. The first evidence in support of this is the con- out the flowers and pour the water in the vase over my head. prompting our every action. it evidences REM and with it the same brain wave stopped and asked: “Why am I so upset about this? Does it frequencies of 4-8 Hertz or 4-8 cycles per second. the dream clearly From this we see that the dream (which in this case was becomes instrumental in bringing the contents of the Un. 2 (2015) 159 . record them meticulously. True”. All justifications we give for bet would give his subject half a second after the activation them remain pure rationalisation. but after the first momentary astonishment they are sley? Somewhat nonplussed he asked: “How can we rec- as a rule quickly forgotten. 15. pacity. Once in deep mental is the fact that the more we look into this matter. predetermination is absolute anathema. No. drops into our be the memory of the dream the subject had in the morn. We are impelled to deduce that the appropriate his experimental subject to get off his chair. In short.” ness often and of which he had said that such occasions I see inspired dreamers like Robert Louis Stevenson and “occur in every conceivable form and by no means infre. the true motivation for our acts. to our waking consciousness. something which Jung himself had wit. and dream memory must be constantly shadowing us through- walk to the door? Put another way: What makes the precise out the day. waking consciousness allowing us to believe that it was our ing or even days before experimentation with Libet. It also illustrates the section of the subject’s brain ‘light up’ that is needed for the workings of the cryptomnesic recall in a truly ideal manner: direction of the muscular system in such a task? It can only the dream’s command. why not all the others?” I have ordered you to do all this. at least half a second before the picture of humans that philosophers conjure up when Libet was able to make his request. a veritable storm of protest was un- we are immersed in the dream state of the night. This is necessary since only of thought. Freud arrived at this table. artificially induced) is perfectly synchronised with waking conscious to the surface. The Experiment of the Posthypnotic Sugges- Whenever the idea of determinism comes up in conversa- tion tion. The ex. and spot their cor- The experiment itself goes something like this: The hyp.” After this the subject is I am aware of Schrödinger’s cat sitting right behind me. grab the vase. Apart from as I thought I was.” (522) oncile free will with Newton’s determinism…how does God It seems incredible that the dream could be so intimately do that?” interlinked with its corresponding waking manifestation. Determinism as the Solution to the Riddle of Synchronicity 14. “Libet allowed that we can the brain is quite within the capability of the dream. But this changes when But they also play an important part in retrieving memories. we see that the dream as the path to the He may say: “I saw that you looked very feverish and so I Unconscious is inevitably also a reflection of what is going thought I would cool you down to save you from collapse. In short. who wrote the report on Libet’s experimen- take place the dream memory would have to have surfaced tation agrees when he said: “If cognitive science is right. This something funda- notist puts the subject into the hypnotic state. so he continued. not International Journal of Dream Research Volume 8. of that particular sector of the brain! For this to be able to John Gray. Seen in this light. This example is provided by an experiment in post- hypnotic suggestions. do we really know that we have the power to the deep meditative state. the hypnosis he will say to his subject: “Five minutes after I have denser becomes the evidence that all dreams seem to be brought you back to waking consciousness you will go over predictive. or when we have sudden cre. time. In other leashed. The hyp- terminism that rules both the conscious and unconscious notist will chat with his subject about this and that when ex- life absolutely is vindicated. In that own idea to act in a given way. his tangled logic. As we have seen in context of actly five minutes after waking up the subject will go to the “The Royal Road to the Unconscious”. our dreams. that I have free will?” occurring in the dream state. take out the flowers and then pour the conclusion despite his inability to credit the dream with the water in the vase over the hypnotist.

But a device of economy. the notion of coincidence gradually fades away. it might be said. how many people think about this? How many will If we observe such past memories taken up by the dream. Thus. But what western Once we realise that the dream can see the future. for instance. Dunne came to this tually in the driver’s seat like the hypnotist in the scenario of conclusion. but it is ac- the other 50% were about the past. But future itself must be right here and now. From observations such as these. Return to the Day of the Tooth the future events foreshadowed by means of such modi- fied past memories will differ according to the respective The unravelling of a dream motif as it drops from the dream’s modifications. is and will be. which the Multiverse. would also become little more than idle speculation. the posthypnotic suggestion. or even the more modest Parallel Universe. Indeed. If it could be shown that it was an intelligent link reported numerous dreams that had materialised. as J. Indeed. all of them might well do ing tooth. it is not fourth dimension into the third of waking time and space will such a giant step to reach the all-important conclusion that help us understand the synchronistic mystery of the break- if one dream can see the future. but the way quantum mechanics examination of the scarab incident. As an isolated incident. Put another way: in when we learn that such episodes may well be one of many the background of everything that was. In light of such studies the predictive nature of the chain of cause and effect. intelligent mental activity cannot be excluded from a Osborn. the fact forces its adherents to apprehend it! that in such a scenario the dream shows to be much more The second piece underpinning the idea that all dreams than an arbitrary mental function. there must be an In- Before pursuing these roots of causality further. not “a perfect likeness of the past. we will have to acknowledge that such isolated members of a serial 16. of course. he did not fully compre. of course. while and integral part of a particular chain of events. In that be a part of a natural and effective causal sequence. In view of this the dream can Those who have read Dunne’s book. Within the re- lationship of the dream and of waking the law of causality is 18. it is totally incomprehensible and can would be that if our dreams are able to see the future. which we then turn into physical form. 2 (2015) .IJoDR Commentary exactly purring. In mentioning in this context is “The Future is Now”. of everything that was. Put the fact that the cause of our action has deeper and subtler another way. but a host between mind and matter instead of a mere random occur- of other people all over the world as well. Once we have had the opportunity to observe this phe- nomenon as it occurred in the V-dream. Extension of the Causal Chain at work as much as in any other situation. “An Experiment with justly be classified as an effective and intelligent and fully Time”. Another book worth definitely recognise as a serious factor in its judgement. which presents the real come true in one way or another is that not only Jung had difficulty. Libet’s experiment that shows first clearly articulate that synchronicity is not an acausal that our actions are initiated unconsciously reinforces this connecting principle. for in. there members of a serial manifestation of a particular motif born would have to be an Infinite Pre-existent Reality instead of a dream. In other words 17.” (Opus cit. as we have seen in our the world that is uncertain. dream can no longer be blithely dismissed as was done by The dream is not merely a random sparking off in the neu- Freud at the end of the 19th century. Dunne did. but someone else’s. science could have no objection if we declared it to Brian Inglis’ “The Power of Dreams” exemplify this. And with that that stemmed from a serial manifestation of a dream. such as rence. It is. ask: “Where did my idea come from?” Now we know. of Dunne’s Serial Universe. the thought never occurs to us that . And if that were the case. by Arthur short. This is supported by means Indeed. past event won’t be exactly the same as its past precursor. In its simplest form it is that of a dream manifesting in since it may well be that it is not the underlying reality of terms of a waking correspondence. when we observe. because like Freud. generally speaking. bias that ought to be corrected’? Clearly not. is and will be. what has happened long ago . it is as I have said earlier on: in the background roots than what is ordinarily presumed. Instead. may interject here reminding us that Dunne believed integrated mental activity.or even yesterday to act in this or that way. Once we understand that In principle this causal chain is no different from any oth- the dream makes good use of past experiences much in er mental activity that will translate into physical action or the same way as our everyday language does. then the ultimate inference matrix of the dream.will come up again!” But. which he construed in order to we will see the tooth episode as part of a dental Leitmotiv explain how it was possible to see the future. 783) They are in fact modified to one degree or another. we must finite Pre-existent Reality. that in the case of a So was Jung right when he said: ‘The causalistic view prev.W. this ‘recurrence’ of a the idea might not have been our own. After work he devotes a whole chapter of 171 pages to ‘Dreaming all premeditation to a murder is a mental act that may have the Future’ and records some amazingly long dreams that physical consequences. Books. we auto- science. would have pervaded the whole day. it becomes some other circumstance. No. serial manifestation of a dream we are simply experiencing alent in western science is in many ways a prejudice and a serial déjà vus. rological system of the brain. I am not sure if I should worry about that age. Causality versus an Acausal Connecting Prin- manifestation are as much of a déjà vu experience as its ciple classic variation. But it also reveals at the same time what exactly 160 International Journal of Dream Research Volume 8. hend the language of dreams. they are come from our dreams. Michael Barnsley’s nightmare. the only be explained in terms of an absolute coincidence. of Libet’s experiment. the posthypnotic suggestion. it is not only an intelligent that only 50% of our dreams were about the future. Here the dream simply says to us: here comes the crunch: when we have an idea or inspiration “Watch. which a court of law would most manifested literally in the waking world. the notion of coincidence fades away. Ideas we will find that. is matically understand that the future must already exist. has not yet acknowledged. but instead a definite causal link- notion. It is no different from getting an at once apparent that its references to the past are simply abstract idea. contrary to Freud’s observation. and stance. disconnected from the so.

Clearly. such a world synchronicity has no place since everything is there can be no doubt as to why we perceive the coinciding synchronous. it will no longer appear as an inexplicable mystery. or where they are about to cross or just have crossed. it is still relative and utterly subjective. Space and Time limited outlook that creates the sensation of synchronistic events where dream memory and waking perception over- Once we realise that synchronicity is nothing but the mani. The only thing that does not change. In his chapter on ‘Forerunners of the Idea of Synchronic- For this reason it must be conceded that neither deserves ity’ Jung wrote: “The synchronistic principle asserts that a superior reality status when measured with the standing of the terms of a meaningful coincidence are connected by Pre-existence. We will no longer wonder how it was At one time we were made to believe that the earth was in possible for my tooth to break at the same time as the pro. lap. where we experience which is unchanging. of view generated in the neurological network of the brain. that not only includes past perception once again. of all these changing perceptions. we will have to abandon truth a radio session in waking is as much in our head as is our belief that we are moving through space and time when a radio session experienced in a dream. neither the coinciding of two terms that are connected by simulta- waking nor dreaming qualifies for it since both states are neity and meaning. Indeed. der the impression of wandering through fields. There. 2 (2015) 161 . In its place a view of what ing or in dreaming. Although the waking world may appear 21. This is. which turns out to be nothing more mysteri. While the dream world after from the dream memory to the perception of it as a dream waking up appears to be less solid than the world of the day. when it comes to what Jung had defined as the synchronistic principle. whether it was done in wak. the past and the fu- not the case.” from place to place. that which we see as causality becomes the ultimate Reality. the middle of the Universe and that the sun was our satellite gram on dentistry was being aired hundreds of miles away. but will come 20. In the same way we will object in such a fusion. is and will be. Since the ordinary waking experience takes place within It is at this point where we must address the question of the 3rd dimension. There is no better illus- we have learnt so far it must be clear that all processes tration for the illusory nature of movement than the dream along this chain from the 5th to the 3rd dimension are totally state. The Unitive Vision to be of a different substance to that of the dream world. In are completely familiar with what we have discovered so far. Based on such a condition. But even if such a correspondence were truly is would open up before us. In light of what terpret in terms of cause and effect. Although we are not going anywhere. No. space and in reality it is the brain functions of the ego that create that time are the progeny of the dream and are thus in waking lit. Indeed. keeping perfectly still upon our bed. If it were possible for us to have a complete view certainly true in the case of lucid dreaming. Galileo II across as a fusion of two disparate. in such a of two synchronistic terms as meaningful. which we in- Reality automatically to the 5th dimension. And. we are nevertheless un- chronicity. It is that very Infinite Pre-existent state. This highlights the comparatively illusory charac- ter of both worlds. does simply not arise. and thus know what actually is happening at the moment mittent than dreaming. due to its all-inclusive nature to which nothing can thoroughly investigated the déjà vu with all its variants and be added and from which nothing can be taken away. accord. Once we have course. It clearly is our restrictive point of and present factors. In other words. although we are integrated. The sense of a more or less irrelevant brain function to a fully integrated movement is not engendered by an actual shift of the body member of an unbreakable chain that links one and all to or the sense of self. it is nothing but this constant fluctuation of our 19. to the perception of it as a waking variant of the dream it nevertheless employs the same neuronal system. In time this geocentric We will need no longer marvel at this because distance is no view was recognised as illusory. of course. Included in this chain is the phenomenon of syn. the dream. is also a description of the déjà vu. defining reality. apprehension of what clenching the fists. In light of this unashamedly egocen- tle less dream-like as the dream itself. casualty. everything is NOW. continued: “What that factor. for instance. waking is no less inter. have to make a similar adjustment if we wish to see the way ceive as distant is merely a characteristic of perception. in order to reveal fragment upon frag. seems to be would be obliterated. In things truly are. it is indisputable that both the dream world ture would all fuse into a mysterious present that is outside and that of waking are utterly dependent on the function of the capabilities of the ordinary brain functions. the question of ‘meaning itself’. It is meaningful to us because déjà vu is a translation of one term into an- International Journal of Dream Research Volume 8. whatever that that indeed cannot change. story. particular sensation.” (485) Some lines further on he of waking our apprehension is constrained by a vastly lim. limited. we can only accept something as truly real. In both the world of dreams and the realm simultaneity and meaning. we have no possibility of knowing. This elevates the Pre-existent mode that produces the sense of movement. which appears to us as ‘mean- ited point of view. This is memory. which necessitates apparent movement ing’ may be in itself. of a déjà vu. is Pre-existence itself. yet strictly correspond- ing states of perception. Indeed. This raises the dream from in lakes and rivers and flying through the air. there would be no syn- ing to findings made at the Max Planck Institute in Munich chronicity since there would be nothing ‘going on’. swimming ous than a dream come true. wandering from horizon to horizon. the brain. Commentary IJoDR the Unconscious is. of might want to convey. but also those of the future. When we see synchronicity in this light equally subject to change. We tend to forget that tric perspective we will realise that in the scarab episode it in both dream and waking the head is equally indispensable was the point of view of the participants that was changing as the organ of apprehension. There. must be view that we must take up in both the waking and dreaming seen as the 4th dimension. but by the constant drifting of our point that which always was. (485) It does not need a great deal of reflection to see that ment of the Pre-existent Reality. At such (2011) it transpired that the same brain activity occurs for a vantage point the usual. festation of a dream in terms of a waking experience. It is no object because what we per.

the solitary ‘me’ becomes the dualistic field of experience that we could speak of them as conform. it should be formulated as spective of the dream is its propensity to portray the dream- the fusion of a 4th dimensional reality with that of a 3rd er’s body by means of features of the landscape. 2 (2015) . It is precisely at this moment be some mystery independent of the common principle of that the dream is becoming fully manifest in waking terms. transposed into an equivalent term of the 3rd on the mobile phone and then. which I have portrayed as the living persons. context Freud wrote in his “The Interpretations of Dreams’.” (488) This sort of ego-transference not only happens between the We recognise these two quotations as perfect parallels dreamer and TV images. sation. after having From such transferences we learn that the waking experi- described the ‘mechanics’ of synchronicity by means of ences will split certain dream images into two or even more ancient philosophies. that of the virtual reality of the and a bias that ought to be corrected. they supposed that the same living reality was ex. in the dream itself. is but one short step away from the absolute unity of the festation of a dream in the waking world. In other words. after asserting that it is nonetheless disintegration of the comparative unity of the 4th dimension a phenomenon that occurs with far greater frequency than as it translates into the dualistic 3rd. here too we find that the compara- philosophy quoting from Lao-tzu’s commentary on the Tao: tively unitive reality of the 4th dimension is brought down to “There is something formless yet complete that existed the dualistic denominator of the 3rd dimension. These A good example of such ego-transference is this: I dreamt two sages were King Wen and the Duke of Chou. While following this.” (500-501) There are many more ways in which the dream reveals its That underlying principle. it was my daughter that was inoculated with an injection in plain the simultaneous occurrence of a psychic state with her right arm. Put another way: what in waking conscious- the synchronistic phenomena. so demonstrating that it plest description nothing more mysterious than the mani. he looked at eras and civilisations that were not exclusively we also recognise the latent synchronistic capacity in the captive of the law of causality. we mechanism. we will in fact discover that this wsky has published a collection of dreams illustrated by principle of the fusion of two levels of reality. This words. on little segments of existence only. there happens a tence. our phone rings. or will be. he failed to spot its unmistakably causalistic did in the dream. Phrased another way: it is meaning. But once we have recognised this potential differentiation.” (488) phenomena. have a dream of wading in a mountain stream while talking or has been. happens not only between close relations but also between pressing itself in the psychic state as in the physical. Or again. comparatively unitive point of view. as Chuang-tzu had put it over two ing to a law. which on this it is no longer a valid definition of synchronicity by simply scale has to be seen as the 5th dimension. selves watching a show on TV. is latent in various ways landscapes and other localities occurring in dreams. for instance. equivalent term. quoting a verse that the dream makes no distinction between the dreamer and contains this line: “Tao is obscured when you fix your eye what later is clearly someone else’s image in a virtual world. dreamer one single identity. In this dimensional one. before heaven and earth. ‘you and me’. And when we read or the week. he wrote: “We still do not know words.” (486) From there he proceeded But there is more. the left to right inversion is (452) something very common in manifestations of the dream. cause and effect. is in its sim. describing it as a ‘meaningful coincidence’ of an ‘acausal A most palpable example of this relatively ‘holistic’ per- connecting principle’. As we keep precise and extensive records of our dreams published at the beginning of the last century: “Marcino- and their manifestations. which we cannot comprehend because we are ity that very thing happened to someone else later in the day fed only small fragments of it at a time. I have called this ego-transference. couched in still other one suspects at first sight. of finding a solution to his vexing puzzle in other mindsets. later in the day. once we wake up from the relatively unitive experi- whether they occur so frequently and so regularly in any ence of the dream. we find my own the papers or on TV. when we ful because a term of the 4th dimension is being. we could not even guess its possible division prevalent in western science was in many ways a prejudice into two levels of existence.” (485) In the hope TV show and that of the living reality of us on the phone. ness appears to us as two or more separate items are for the cally…are so exceptional that most people doubt their exis. just as we come true. I have recorded hundreds of examples where all-encompassing source of existence. For this reason he clung to the idea that it must get up and answer the call. These 162 International Journal of Dream Research Volume 8. find our- dimension. or. This disintegration from the dream’s ‘me’ into the much older civilisation of the Chinese had always thought ‘you and me’ of waking reality. For this reason All-encompassing and Pre-existent NOW. After having been so close to his quarry. is actually a very frequent differently from us in this respect and we have to go back to transposition that occurs in the course of a dream’s transla- Heraclitus if we want to find something similar in our civili. In such a situation we are face to face with a physical process as an equivalence of meaning.IJoDR Commentary other. a state of being. We discover this. Basing that I got an injection in my left arm. where we spot an actor on Because Jung did not recognise synchronicity as a dream the screen wading in that very mountain stream. Instead. tion into waking terms.” total strangers. which might possibly explain all such (related) are no longer opposed is called the pivot of Tao. those of the their dreamers with drawings that ostensibly represent dream and that of the waking world. We only know that there must be an underly. This example also demonstrates that to Chuang-tzu’s elucidation of the Tao. which can be verified empiri. but also between the dreamer and to the ‘Pre-existent Now’.” (485) After that he touched upon the Chinese Taoist As we have seen before. “they sought to ex. either to a known person or to one reported in Jung’s report on two other Chinese sages. discoveries restated in terms of Chinese philosophy. thousand years ago: “The state in which ego and non-ego ing principle.” (500) And then. Before its manifestation the dream sequence looked per- istic view of ‘chance runs’ and ‘meaningful coincidences’ fectly unified. In his own words: “The very dream. Jung then bemoaned the fact “that components. Incidentally. As a result he declared that “the causal. as we have seen. On the following day their hypothesis on the unity of nature. in I dreamt that something was happening to me when in real- other words. No. In other the total identification of one living person with another.

revised edition by Angela Richards.. the Unitive Vision onto the ordinary dualistic manner of perception. the ultimate judgment of any matter invari- ably depends on the point of view taken up by the observer: Thus. we must part company with Jung’s belief that the causalistic view of ‘chance runs’ and ‘meaningful coincidences’ preva- lent in western science is “in many ways a prejudice and a bias that ought to be corrected”. inspirational dream with its projection on the level of waking reality. And indeed. But it makes equally no sense to graft. 1975 tive of the dreamer as compared with the distinctly dualistic. who have dreamt their dream influence the creative process?” verse. a fusion. the 5th “The Celestine Prophecy”. of a psychic state with its corresponding physical manifestation? Whatever we may think of that. Jung has a point: the causalistic perspective is not just a prejudice. 1997. But as always. as surprising and meaningful as is the appearance lished in ‘Electric Dreams’ of June 2007. and only then do the dreams become intel. maps. Mannoni. is the immense popularity of the book of “The Celestine Prophecies”. under the title “To what extent does the of creative people quite generally. revised and republished in IJoDR.G. point of view of the waking person. No. Dunne. but a “law of the transposition of the 4th dimension into that of the 3rd dimension”. observed from there. the XX. as we have seen. Midorus House. or the law of déjà vus. 474) James Strachey. as he seems to be doing.F. A more extensive treatment of this nightmare and its consequences may be accessed in my article pub- startling. reprint 1973 gests that poetry is closer to the language and metaphor of “The New Scientist”. Princeton University Press. 2 (2015) 163 . dimension. “innumerable cases of meaningful coinci- dences have been observed not only by me. which makes synchronicity to its fundamental theme. but frequently.” (Opus cit. and so on. their sculptures. This not only sug. “The Interpretation of Dreams”. James Redfield. and not just at odd occasions. and recorded in large collections. synchronicity is as causal- istic as anything else in the world of duality. one measure. 69-72) state to the ‘absolutely unitive Pre-existent NOW’. Forrer.W. however not an acausal one. we may see syn- chronicity subject to a ‘law’. Commentary IJoDR drawings bring out very clearly the distinction between a References dream’s manifest and latent meaning. it highlights the comparative closeness of the dream 03146 5 (Pgs. Warner Books. Whereas to the inno- “The Structure and Dynamics of the Psyche”. their technological inventions. a documentary film hosted by Arthur C.C. 2002 the dream. Rowohlt. their paintings. J. Jung himself had said. “Freud In Selbstzeugnissen und Bilddokumenten”.” As well as that he confirmed that dreams do come true. Octave Once again it demonstrates the relatively unitive perspec. but by many others. reprinted 1977. Hull. Bollingen Series inspection shows that they represent the human body. which shows that synchronicity. seen from the platform of the Unitive Vision. of “An Experiment with Time”. Dreams as Pathway to a New World indeed ‘separative’. their music? Is not their work also a fusion of an . International Journal of Dream Research Volume 8. In principle this identification of the dreamer’s body and its Penguin Books. Instead. the body with its surroundings in poetry. Indeed. is not so ‘exceptional that most people must doubt its existence’. Of interest is here. Jung. for. Faber and Faber Ltd. Vol7 there not a host of poets and writers. “Pre-grams of Tomorrow”. “Colours of Infinity”. but also to the 5th dimension. artists and all sorts No1. in other words. And Perspective”. “The Cinder- of a beetle while its precursory dream is being told? And are ella Complex. closer ond edition. that we find such identifica. genitals etc. Jung’s regret that ‘we only know that there must be an underlying principle. sec- cent eye they appear to be plans. is not the work of the poet as mysterious and Clark. Sigmund Freud. parts with its surroundings is the same as ego-transference. April 2014. but it makes no sense whatsoever. C. or more generally. When we add to this the innumer- able reports that come from all over the world that testify to dreams materialising. can be changed into a more affirmative form: Now. which might possibly explain all such phenomena’. ISBN 0446671002 tion of the body with the landscape. translated by R. 1991 ISBN 0 646 again. 14th Sep. translated by ligible. that we know that the underlying principle is nothing more mysterious than the natural and regular transmutation of a dream into terms of waking.