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DYWI® Drill Hollow Bar System

DYWI® Drill Hollow Bar System
Fields of Application
Underground
Face Bolting Injection Works Portal Stabilization Footwall Stabilization
DY_0897_010_BRP_02_Pikto_Injection-works_02sw

Roof and Rib Bolting Radial Bolting DY_0897_010_BRP_02_Pikto_Forepoling_03sw
Forepoling Utility Hangers
DY_0897_010_BRP_02_Pikto_Utility-and-hanger-bolts_02sw

Civil Engineering
Slope Stabilization Tie Back Anchorage Uplift Control Pile Foundation
DY_0897_010_BRP_02_Pikto_Pile-foundation_02sw
DY_0897_010_BRP_02_Pikto_Uplift-control_01sw

Rock Fall Protection Ground Consolidation
DY_0897_010_BRP_02_Pikto_Ground-consolidation_02sw
Abutments
DY_0897_010_BRP_02_Pikto_Tension-piles_05sw
Tie Rods
010_BRP_02_Pikto_Rock-fall-protection_03sw DY_0897_010_BRP_02_Pikto_Tie-back-anchorage_02sw

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DYWI® Drill Hollow Bar System
Contents
Introduction ...................................................................................................................4

Main Advantages ..........................................................................................................5

System Components ....................................................................................................6

Rock and Soil Nail .........................................................................................................8

Ground Anchor ............................................................................................................10

Micropile .....................................................................................................................12

Spile and Injection Lance ............................................................................................14

Specifications .............................................................................................................16

Corrosion Protection ...................................................................................................20

Drill Bits .......................................................................................................................22

Self-Drilling Installation ................................................................................................24

Testing and Monitoring ...............................................................................................27

Further References ......................................................................................................29

System Accessories ....................................................................................................30
S-D Expansion Bolt .................................................................................................32
Expansion Shell ......................................................................................................34
Yielding Anchor Head .............................................................................................35
Lock Coupling .........................................................................................................36
Sealing Coupling .....................................................................................................37
Post-Injection Coupling ..........................................................................................38
Utility Nuts ..............................................................................................................39
Anchorage Elements ...............................................................................................40
Rock Drilling Equipment .........................................................................................42
Injection Adapters ...................................................................................................44
Grout Mixing Pump .................................................................................................45
Injection Flow-Pressure Meter ................................................................................45

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Introduction
The DYWI® Drill Hollow Bar System is The DYWI® Drill Hollow Bar System also Installations in weak ground and unstable
a self-drilling ground control solution features a wide range of applications in borehole conditions represent no
used for Underground applications and Civil Engineering such as rock and soil difficulty and are ideal for the application
in Civil Engineering. Underground, it nails, micropiles, or ground anchors. The of the DYWI® Drill Hollow Bar System.
can be used for bolting, foot piles, face system features an “all in one” tool for DSI Underground has long-term
stabilization, as forepoling element for drilling, flushing, post- or simultaneous experience in the design, development,
pre-support, or as a lance for injection grouting, and finally the load-carrying manufacturing, testing, and distribution
works. member itself. of the DYWI® Drill Hollow Bar System.

System Solution

Micropile

DYWI® Drill
Hollow Bar System
Rock and Soil Nail Ground Anchor
(Bolt)
A Versatile
Ground Control Solution

Injection Lance Spile

System Description
■ Self-drilling ground control solution ■ Hollow bar with continuous left-hand, ■ Grouting can either be performed
■ Preferably used under unstable cold-rolled outside thread utilized as during drilling with a rotary injection
borehole conditions drill rod during installation adapter or after the drilling operation
■ Self-drilling installation without casing ■ Easy extension of hollow bars using ■ Threaded profile allows an ideal
using a lost drill bit couplings bond between the hollow bar and the
grouting medium
■ Installation with standard rotary or
rotary-percussive drilling machines

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installation. design. accordance with the principles of total planning and installation of its systems as well as quality management and quality management. Quality means safety and reliability for our customers. QUALITY SAFETY on-site supervision. and optional ■ Minimization of ground disturbance thread designed for the demands of grouting in a single operational step ■ Drill bit designs and diameters can the construction industry ■ Proven installation process in difficult be adjusted to different and varying ■ High level of quality control measures ground conditions ground conditions among all levels of design and ■ Minor space requirements for manufacturing installation Quality Assurance DSI Underground’s comprehensive DYWI® Drill Hollow Bar System in services include the conception. Our aim is to provide To satisfy your requirements and needs.Main Advantages ■ Fast and safe self-drilling installation ■ Sound and efficient alternative ■ Functional adjustment of required ■ Trouble-free application in unstable compared to time-consuming cased lengths using couplings boreholes drilling installation methods and ■ Broad range of hollow bar load capacity products classes allows basic dimensioning and ■ Easy and similar operating principle using on-site personnel and standard ■ Same installation principle for all adaptation of design drilling machinery applications and ground conditions ■ Robust system and high-strength ■ Drilling. RELIABILITY Quality Assurance Process Incoming In-Process Production Outgoing Customer Goods (Production) End Goods Feedback Inspection Quality Control Control Control and Survey 5 . product quality and safety through the DSI Underground has implemented a quality assurance process for the entire manufacturing and distribution process.

System Components Basic Elements ■ Hollow bar ■ Coupling ■ Drill bit ■ Used as drill rod during installation ■ Continuous inside thread with middle ■ One drill bit per installed unit ■ Suitable for simultaneous or stop or center bridge ■ Different diameters and designs subsequent grouting ■ Controlled drilling energy transmission ■ Hardened and carbide insert versions ■ Tension or compression member ■ Full load bearing capacity ■ Optimized for various ground conditions Design Examples 6 .

System Components Anchorage and Foundation Constructions ■ Nut ■ Plate ■ Hex or domed version ■ Flat or domed ■ Weldable square nut ■ Plate design adjusted to system demands ■ Different designs and dimensions available ■ Various solutions for angle compensations and special plate designs available Design Examples Nail Head with Domed Plate Anchor Head with Angle Compensation Micropile Head (Compression Pile) Reverse Anchor Head System Accessories ■ Structural elements ■ Drilling. grouting. and monitoring ■ Post-injection coupling ■ S-D expansion bolt ■ Bayonet connector ■ Drill bit adapter ■ Expansion shell ■ Injection adapter ■ Rock drilling equipment ■ Yielding anchor head ■ Rotary injection adapter ■ Centralizer ■ Lock nut ■ Grout mixing pump ■ Injection flow-pressure meter ■ Eye nut and loop nut ■ DYWI® Inject Systems ■ Pull testing equipment ■ Bail nut ■ Sealing coupling ■ Drill rod wrench ■ Reverse anchor head ■ Tensioning tool ■ Lock coupling ■ Angle compensation disk ■ Sleeve for free length ■ Protective cap 7 .

or embankments. or geotextiles. Hence. as the nail is installed The design of a nail head construction over-steepened existing slopes. DYWI® Drill rock and soil nails nail is based on the installation of such they are able to act as a complete are installed self-drilling. intended lifetime of the structure.Rock and Soil Nail Basic Concept Soil nailing is a construction technique system significantly differs from ground supported by shotcrete. grouted simultaneously during drilling or the ground. nails increase the load. Conventional nail systems consisting to as rock nails or bolts. Schematic Drawing Drill Bit Grout Body Coupling Hollow Bar Nail Head Approvals ■ European Technical Approval (ETA) ■ National technical approval in Germany ■ National technical approval in Poland ■ National technical approval in Austria (DIBt) (IBDiM) (BmVIT) ■ German approval for Underground ■ Project-specific application 8 . The center-to-center into pre-drilled holes and subsequently The basic concept of a soil or rock distance of nails must be chosen as grouted. naturally unstable slopes or securing of tensile piles. this load-bearing the excavation face is generally afterwards. as well un-tensioned (passive system). soil nails are also referred and act as a group of elements. and are either longitudinal reinforcement elements into nailing system. precast generally used for the stabilization of anchors (actively tensioned) and concrete elements. mesh. Prior to nail installation. depends on the application and the as the stabilization of retaining walls Consequently. For Underground bearing capacity of the entire structure applications. withstanding tensile and shear forces of solid threaded bars are installed acting on the nails.

0 x R32 Bond length 5.2 0.4 1.0 Displacement [mm] Bond length 2. Rock and Soil Nail Bonding Characteristics DYWI® Drill R32-400 20 18 16 Bond Strength [N/mm²] 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 0.2 1.6 1.0 x R32 Design value according to ETA-12/0603 Applications 9 .5 x R32 (nominal external diameter) Bond length 5.6 0.8 2.0 1.4 0.8 1.0 0.

precast to support structures. pre-drilled holes pits and retaining walls – or permanent. the following three system components: the anchor system Schematic Drawing Drill Bit Hollow Bar Grout Body Sleeve Structural Element Supporting Structure Anchor Head 10 . Fields of applications are ■ Unbonded (or free) length: the tendon Strand or solid bar ground anchor systems either temporary – such as excavation is uncoupled from the borehole wall are installed into cased.Ground Anchor Basic Concept In Civil Engineering. force to the substructure (e. using a sheathing (sleeve) which is and subsequently grouted. sealed towards the coupling or hollow ground anchors are installed self-drilling bar.g. tie backs or masts. ground anchors consist of extend and tension can be applied to the drill string during installation. the unbonded portion can freely with a pre-mounted sleeve attached to By definition. DYWI® Drill e. ground anchors are ■ Bond length: the anchor is set in the ■ Anchor head: transfers the anchor elements which are actively tensioned borehole using cement grout (mortar). anticipated load-bearing soil via bond and skin anchored deformations are minimized or entirely friction eliminated. Due to the active and is able to transfer the forces to the concrete elements) that needs to be tensioning of the system.g.

000 1.100 1. Ground Anchor Torque-Tension Diagram DYWI® Drill Hollow Bar Type R32-280 120 100 Pre-Tension Force [kN] 80 60 Domed Nut R32 40 20 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1.300 1.400 Torque [Nm] Hexagonal Nut R32 Domed Nut R32 (±10%) Hexagonal Nut R32 (±10%) Applications Self-Drilling (S-D) Expansion Bolt 11 .200 1.

A larger grout coverage also By definition.5 . drill bit. micropiles consist of with rotary or rotary-percussive drilling enhances the corrosion protection of tubular steel elements with an outer equipment.200 [mm] conditions and intended installation of single piles (monopiles) or a group of (2. depending on the ground the system. especially under limited drilling. Installation is accomplished friction. typically using a large-diameter the forces to the soil in terms of skin space conditions or time constraints. Micropiles are drilling or afterwards.0 [in]).Micropile Basic Concept Pile foundation systems either consist diameter range of approx. Filling/grouting of the borehole is piles which are connected to each other as a passive foundation system. The grout serves typically used for underpinning civil DYWI® Drill micropiles are installed self. Schematic Drawing (Tension Pile) Shotcrete or Structural Concrete Hexagonal Nut Flat Plate Lock Nut Constructive Reinforcement Pile Neck Reinforcement Hollow Bar Coupling Centralizer Grout Body Drill Bit Approvals ■ National technical approval in Austria ■ National technical approval in Poland ■ Project-specific (BmVIT) (IBDiM) 12 .8. micropiles act length. either performed simultaneously while by a pile cap structure. In general. as bonding medium which transfers structures. 60 .

65 x Fp0. Micropile Load Transfer Testing (ETAG 013) 900 800 700 600 Axial Load [kN] 500 400 300 200 100 0 0 0.2.5 4.2.nom Applications 13 .95 x Fp0.0 3.nom 0.0 1.5 2.5 3.0 Displacement [mm] R51-800 0.0 2.5 1.

to ensure the stability of drilling machinery (jumbos). allow the use of default Underground of a tunnel. DYWI® Drill spiles and injection connection to any injection hose system. threaded the perimeter of the open span until the In difficult ground and in case of unstable hollow bars enable a durable and easy primary lining is installed. working area in tunnel headings. They are injection medium to the designated Self-drilling spiles and injection lances installed in the crown and sidewall area injection area. boreholes. Schematic Drawing Drill Bit Optional Injection Holes Coupling Hollow Bar Bending Tests Bending Moment [kNm] Transition from Elastic to Plastic Maximum Curvature [1/m] 14 . Spile and Injection Lance Basic Concept Spiles are used as temporary pre-support Injection lances are used for the targeted lances are a preferred solution to ensure elements for the stabilization of the transport of a cement or resin based a safe and fast installation procedure.

Spile and Injection Lance Applications 15 .

70 4.5 Nominal cross-sectional area 3) S0 [mm²] 340 370 410 470 510 560 Nominal weight 4) m [kg/m] 2.0 18.nom [kN] 420 500 550 Yield strength 6) Rp0.0 17.nom [mm] 51 Actual external diameter De [mm] 49.5 16.2.nom [kN] 350 400 450 Nominal ultimate load 5) Fm.2.5 15.0 26.90 3.15 Ultimate load strain 7) Agt [%] ≥ 5.0 Fatigue strength 2·σa 8) – [N/mm²] 190 Bond strength 9) ak [N/mm²] 5.8 Average internal diameter 2) Di [mm] 34.0 12.15 Ultimate load strain 7) Agt [%] ≥ 5.1 Technical Data Series R51 Characteristic Value / Type 1) Symbol Unit R51-550 R51-660 R51-800 R51-950 Nominal external diameter De.2 7) – [–] ≥ 1.2 7) – [–] ≥ 1.1 16 .0 – Fatigue strength 2·σa 8) – [N/mm²] 190 – Bond strength 9) ak [N/mm²] 5.8 Average internal diameter 2) Di [mm] 21.2 7) – [–] ≥ 1.nom [mm] 38 Actual external diameter De [mm] 37.25 Specific rib area fR [–] 0.13 Nominal yield load 5) Fp0.2.15 Ultimate load strain 7) Agt [%] ≥ 5.5 33.0 20.nom [mm] 32 Actual external diameter De [mm] 31.95 7.13 Nominal yield load 5) Fp0.15 5.13 Nominal yield load 5) Fp0.Specifications SI Units Technical Data Series R32 Characteristic Value / Type 1) Symbol Unit R32-210 R32-250 R32-280 R32-320 R32-360 R32-400 Nominal external diameter De.2 [N/mm²] 530 530 560 Ultimate strength 6) Rm [N/mm²] 640 670 690 Rm/Rp0.0 Nominal cross-sectional area 3) S0 [mm²] 890 970 1.1 Average internal diameter 2) Di [mm] 21.1 Technical Data Series R38 Characteristic Value / Type 1) Symbol Unit R38-420 R38-500 R38-550 Nominal external diameter De.85 6.60 Specific rib area fR [–] 0.40 Specific rib area fR [–] 0.0 Nominal cross-sectional area 3) S0 [mm²] 660 750 800 Nominal weight 4) m [kg/m] 5.nom [kN] 160 190 220 250 280 330 Nominal ultimate load 5) Fm.nom [kN] 450 540 640 780 Nominal ultimate load 5) Fm.2 [N/mm²] 510 560 560 640 Ultimate strength 6) Rm [N/mm²] 620 680 700 770 Rm/Rp0.00 4.0 Fatigue strength 2·σa 8) – [N/mm²] 190 Bond strength 9) ak [N/mm²] 5.225 Nominal weight 4) m [kg/m] 6.65 9.20 3.65 2.5 19.00 9.150 1.0 29.2 [N/mm²] 470 510 540 530 550 590 Ultimate strength 6) Rm [N/mm²] 620 680 680 680 710 710 Rm/Rp0.nom [kN] 210 250 280 320 360 400 Yield strength 6) Rp0.nom [kN] 550 660 800 950 Yield strength 6) Rp0.

24 Nominal yield load 5) Fp0.5 18. and the nominal cross-sectional area.2.0 1) Status: 2016-04.Specifications SI Units Technical Data Series T76 Characteristic Value / Type 1) Symbol Unit T76-1300 T76-1650 T76-1900 Nominal external diameter De.000 [N/mm²] 17 .nom [kN] 1.2.0 52. all values are subject to change 2) Calculated from the actual external diameter.6 75.nom [mm] 76 Actual external diameter De [mm] 74.2 [N/mm²] 630 610 640 Ultimate strength 6) Rm [N/mm²] 820 840 810 Rm/Rp0.360 Nominal weight 4) m [kg/m] 12.15 Ultimate load strain 7) Agt [%] ≥ 5.nom [kN] 1.85 4) Deviation: -3% to +9% 5) Characteristic value (5%-fractile) 6) Calculated from the nominal load and the nominal cross-sectional area.200 1.975 2.000 1.20 0. the average thread height.590 1. rounded 7) Characteristic value (10%-fractile) 8) Values are determined at an upper force Fup = 0.300 1.nom and 2 million load cycles 9) Characteristic values.0 Nominal cross-sectional area 3) S0 [mm²] 1.2 7) – [–] ≥ 1.5 Specific rib area fR [–] 0.6 Average internal diameter 2) Di [mm] 56.0 47.7 x Fp0.5 15.650 1. rounded 3) Calculated from the nominal weight S0 = 10³ x m / 7.500 Nominal ultimate load 5) Fm.900 Yield strength 6) Rp0. determined by pull-out tests using mortar with a prism compressive strength ≥ 55 [N/mm²] Modulus of elasticity E = 205.

nom [in] 1.87 Nominal weight 4) m [lb/ft] 1.nom [kip] 36 43 49 56 63 74 Nominal ultimate load 5) Fm.14 1.85 0.49 Nominal cross-sectional area 3) S0 [in²] 0.30 1.2 [ksi] 77 77 81 Ultimate strength 6) Rm [ksi] 93 97 100 Rm/Rp0.0 – Fatigue strength 2·σa 8) – [ksi] 28 – Bond strength 9) ak [ksi] 0.73 0.7 18 .01 Actual external diameter De [in] 1.15 Ultimate load strain 7) Agt [%] ≥ 5.0 Fatigue strength 2·σa 8) – [ksi] 28 Bond strength 9) ak [ksi] 0.26 Actual external diameter De [in] 1.nom [kip] 47 56 63 72 81 90 Yield strength 6) Rp0.13 Nominal yield load 5) Fp0.13 Nominal yield load 5) Fp0.96 Average internal diameter 2) Di [in] 1.15 Ultimate load strain 7) Agt [%] ≥ 5.57 0.73 0.2 [ksi] 68 74 78 77 80 86 Ultimate strength 6) Rm [ksi] 90 99 99 99 103 103 Rm/Rp0.36 1.15 Ultimate load strain 7) Agt [%] ≥ 5.nom [kip] 101 121 144 175 Nominal ultimate load 5) Fm.20 Specific rib area fR [–] 0.96 Specific rib area fR [–] 0.nom [kip] 79 90 101 Nominal ultimate load 5) Fm.2 7) – [–] ≥ 1.nom [in] 2.65 0.49 Average internal diameter 2) Di [in] 0.02 Nominal cross-sectional area 3) S0 [in²] 1.2 7) – [–] ≥ 1.2 [ksi] 74 81 81 93 Ultimate strength 6) Rm [ksi] 90 99 102 112 Rm/Rp0.2.78 1.14 6.nom [in] 1.78 1.69 2.nom [kip] 124 148 180 214 Yield strength 6) Rp0.53 0.50 1.75 0.0 Fatigue strength 2·σa 8) – [ksi] 28 Bond strength 9) ak [ksi] 0.22 Average internal diameter 2) Di [in] 0.45 Specific rib area fR [–] 0.13 Nominal yield load 5) Fp0.95 2.90 Nominal weight 4) m [lb/ft] 4.7 Technical Data Series R38 Characteristic Value / Type 1) Symbol Unit R38-420 R38-500 R38-550 Nominal external diameter De.79 0.2.50 Actual external diameter De [in] 1.83 0.46 3.49 2.2.24 Nominal weight 4) m [lb/ft] 3.Specifications US Customary Units Technical Data Series R32 Characteristic Value / Type 1) Symbol Unit R32-210 R32-250 R32-280 R32-320 R32-360 R32-400 Nominal external diameter De.93 4.15 2.67 Nominal cross-sectional area 3) S0 [in²] 1.05 6.64 0.nom [kip] 94 112 124 Yield strength 6) Rp0.2 7) – [–] ≥ 1.67 5.79 0.16 1.59 0.02 1.7 Technical Data Series R51 Characteristic Value / Type 1) Symbol Unit R51-550 R51-660 R51-800 R51-950 Nominal external diameter De.38 1.

7 x Fp0.0 1) Status: 2016-04.20 0.66 Nominal weight 4) m [lb/ft] 8.98 Average internal diameter 2) Di [in] 2.05 1.40 10.94 2.24 Nominal yield load 5) Fp0. determined by pull-out tests using mortar with a prism compressive strength ≥ 8 [ksi] Modulus of elasticity E = 29. and the nominal cross-sectional area.42 12.0 Actual external diameter De [in] 2. rounded 3) Calculated from the nominal weight 4) Deviation: -3% to +9% 5) Characteristic value (5%-fractile) 6) Calculated from the nominal load and the nominal cross-sectional area.85 Nominal cross-sectional area 3) S0 [in²] 2.46 3.2 7) – [–] ≥ 1.2.20 2.2 [ksi] 91 88 93 Ultimate strength 6) Rm [ksi] 119 122 117 Rm/Rp0.43 Specific rib area fR [–] 0. the average thread height.nom [kip] 225 270 337 Nominal ultimate load 5) Fm. all values are subject to change 2) Calculated from the actual external diameter.nom and 2 million load cycles 9) Characteristic values.nom [in] 3.2.06 3.Specifications US Customary Units Technical Data Series T76 Characteristic Value / Type 1) Symbol Unit T76-1300 T76-1650 T76-1900 Nominal external diameter De. rounded 7) Characteristic value (10%-fractile) 8) Values are determined at an upper force Fup = 0.700 [ksi] 19 .nom [kip] 292 371 427 Yield strength 6) Rp0.15 Ultimate load strain 7) Agt [%] ≥ 5.

and corrosion media. Hence. Sacrificial Corrosion Protection Blank Hot-Dip Galvanizing Corrosion Protection Methods Double Corrosion Protection Duplex Coating Cement Stone Coverage 20 . and Protection Introduction By definition. a cement stone permeability of the concrete through For civil applications. the sacrificial corrosion principle structures. Corrosion of the Reinforcement in the Concrete In properly fabricated reinforced concrete in general can be transferred to the cases. grout causing a measurable change in the corrosion attack and the respective body. corrosion is the reaction of Therefore. if an adequate gas and water working life. reinforcement element. Three main factors of concrete first requirement for the penetration elements reduces the strength of the corrosion are pH-value.Corrosion Protection Definitions. Corrosion of Concrete This principle applies for grout and cement Concrete damage on the surface is a Subsequently. Principle. reinforcement elements are reinforcement. From a practical standpoint. of concrete” and “corrosion of the complete corrosion protection cannot reinforcement in the concrete”. concrete is more protected against corrosion than a porous one. material (e.g. where a proper coverage and respective carbonation cracks occurs. a lifetime. causing steel corrosion is a recommended tool for the design of generally not subjected to corrosion. presence of of harmful substances as far as the structure.g. air containing carbon and complete cement stone or grout generally helps to reduce the corrosion dioxide. to start. or corrosive water cover cannot be guaranteed in many rate. ground. be achieved. are directed towards a reduction of the e. sulfides. applied protective methods Corrosion refers to the entire system. ground control systems with an extended Hence. rust) which can lead to damages to the reinforcement or ground and is expressed in terms of two main function impairment of a component or control elements during their intended mechanisms of action: “corrosion system. a material with its ambient environment. reinforcement in the concrete is located. the corrosion of reinforcing mortar. Dense and impenetrable oxygen. and ion concentration.

3 0.1 0. medium. The first corrosion protection method is the one is called active.0 – 50 Hot-dip galvanized 0. without considering service life of the structure. Low.2 0.4 Blank 0. and high corrosion loads are defined in EN 12501-2 Double Corrosion Protection Duplex Coating Cement Stone Coverage ■ Factory-made corrugated sheathing ■ Painting or powder coating of a ■ Encapsulation of load-bearing elements with controlled crack width previously galvanized element ■ Carbonation reduces the influence of ■ Not applicable for self-drilling ■ Protective layer can be destroyed corrosive environments installation during the self-drilling installation ■ Guaranteed full encapsulation and ■ Installation into pre-drilled boreholes process limitation of crack development and post-injection ■ Coating thickness depending on the required for a successful application of application this method 21 .5 7 Hot-dip galvanized 0 0. The second one is passive cement stone encapsulation.7 – 1) A working life up to 100 years can be considered in accordance with EN 1993-5 2) Typically applied average zinc layer thickness: ≥ 85 [μm] in accordance with ISO 1461 3) According to ETA-12/0603.3 0.g. depending on ground with cement mortar or grout is not for load-bearing system components conditions and other influencing considered in accordance with ISO 1461 or factors ■ Blank or galvanized ground control national standards ■ Element design in accordance with elements – galvanization leads to a ■ Corrosion protection of head an increase of cross-section due to delay of the corrosion start and to an constructions must be considered corrosion over the intended service life increased service life separately Working Life According to European Standards and Approvals Working Steel 2) Corrosion in [mm] for different Corrosion Loads 3) Life in Years 1) Low Medium High Blank 0 0 0.2 2 Hot-dip galvanized 0 0 0. A common example for active corrosion on the corrosive environment and the and the type as well as the intended protection is encapsulation with expected lifetime. and the to produce a protective layer on grouted corrugated sheathing) is not head construction must be assessed corrosion endangered parts. duplex coating systems. including methods corrosion protection (e.2 0. type coatings can be damaged by the self-drilling installation process.Corrosion Protection Corrosion Protection Methods The selection of the optimal corrosion influencing methods which eliminate or which is based on corrosion rates of protection method(s) depends on the reduce the corrosion reaction.6 – 30 Hot-dip galvanized 0. Corrosion protection methods are A preferred and recommend active divided into two main groups.4 – Blank 0. EN 14490 and EN 14199 also define classes of ground aggressiveness and corrosion rates for achieving the intended working life.5 1. factory-made between borehole and surface.1 0.1 Blank 0. duplex separately. Double The load-bearing element. Sacrificial Corrosion Protection ■ Definition of corrosion rates (sacrificial ■ The system inherent encapsulation ■ Hot-dip galvanizing: preferred method corrosion). blank and galvanized steel depending corrosion potential of the environment. concrete. transition zone corrosion protection. and comprises all sacrificial corrosion design principle. for example used for self-drilling applications.

the choice of the proper drill bit. A key issue during the self-drilling installation procedure is to In harder soil or rock. In this case.). brittle. of cutting and scraping. strength. Cross. the drill bit and therefore types. or arc-shaped drill bits are typically used in combination For example in mixed fill type soils. ”(X)” markings possible combinations 22 . Arc.Drill Bits Introduction The drilling performance is affected by retro flush drill bits. Arc. less fractured concrete 1) Indications are general guidelines. hard sandstone. the drilling Ground such as clays. and cross drill bits are application (e. silt fault zone material and clay mixtures Non-cohesive and Easily cohesive sand. and borehole slate. drill with carbide inserts. Hardened Carbide Hardened Carbide R-Flush Button. Cross. or clayey silt is removed in terms length. Borehole diameter and drilling length influence drill bit selection. For these soil Furthermore. Button. Stage Shaped Shaped Shaped. micropiles. mainly depends on the hardness and abrasiveness of the ground. and depend on on-site conditions. two-stage flush drill bits. sand. soft method. bits. etc. Arc. Average weathered removable rock Soft rock X (X) X X X X Conglomerate Limestone. cross drill bits. silt and clay Mixed fills Difficult Soils with a higher removable soil Gravel gravel content of (X) X (X) X (X) X larger sizes Riverbeds Jointed. Shaped. arc-shaped drill bits. schist Difficult Higher abrasiveness removable rock and/or Hard rock compressive (X) (X) (X) X Volcanic rock. borehole diameter. removable soil Cohesive soils (X) X X X (X) X (X) gravel. "X" markings show standard applications. Button. button drill and the applied energy. which or cross drill bits. loams. Arc. bit types typically used are two-stage Application Range Ground Properties Drill Bit Type 1) Designation Description Examples Two. arc- the borehole diameter depend on the shaped drill bits. the use of minimize the impact on the surrounding percussive energy plays a more soil or rock by optimizing drilling rates dominant role. Button. possibly water-bearing Alluvium Peat and sludge X (X) (X) X Sedimentary fills. Hardened Carbide Inserts Inserts and Hardened Carbide Inserts RS-Flush Inserts Humus and Top soil or flowing organic layers ground.g. and mixtures X (X) (X) X X with small clay Mixed fills contents Average Mixtures of sand. Gravel. rock or soil nails. typically used. removable soil Sands gravel.

5 R51 X X X X X X T76 R32 R38 X 130 5. Arc.1 R51 X X T76 X X X X X X R32 R38 150 5. other dimensions available on request 23 .5 R51 X X T76 R32 X R38 X X X 100 3. Side Flush). Button. Cross.9 R51 X T76 X X X X X X R32 R38 200 7. (Retro & Button. Cross.9 R51 T76 X X 1) X-marked fields indicate standard drill bit types.0 R51 X X X X T76 R32 X X R38 X X X X X X 90 3. Button. Hardened Carbide Hardened Carbide (Retro.0 R51 T76 R32 X X X X X X X X X R38 X X X X X X X 76 3. Hardened Carbide Inserts Inserts Flush).Drill Bits Portfolio ■ Successful installation performance ■ Optimized in regards to installation ■ Further information regarding drill bit depends on selecting the adequate parameters such as cutting ability and design and selection are included in drill bit drilling performance a separate leaflet on drill bits for the ■ Large drill bit portfolio for various ■ Adjusted to the requirements of DYWI® Drill Hollow Bar System ground conditions Civil Engineering as well as for ■ Selection of optionally used centralizers Underground applications must be accomplished dependent on the drill bit diameter Diameter 1) Thread Drill Bit Type Two-Stage Two-Stage Arc. Arc. Button. Arc. Hardened Carbide Inserts Hardened Hardened Inserts [mm] [in] R32 X X X X X X R38 51 2. R-Flush RS-Flush Shaped Shaped Shaped.9 R51 X X X X T76 R32 R38 X X X X X X 115 4. Shaped.

24 . While Underground the installation of the DYWI® Drill Hollow feature a wide range of percussion rates. depending on the available drilling and grouting can be combined drilling. Civil Engineering. into one single operational procedure. for default “smooth rock/soil drilling” final installed element length is normally These values have been determined using drill steel and multiple-use drill short. Here. the feed pressure should DYWI® Drill type and the applied torque of the feed rate is not as critical as in be adjusted so that it matches the is shown in the following diagram.7 bits should be applied. drilling machinery. parameters which are listed and using either rotary or rotary-percussive the DYWI® Drill type as well as the final described in the following have to be drilling machines. percussion rates of results. Depending on the installation length. Rotation Speed Torque Percussion The rotation speed is controlled by the The recommended maximum torque for Different types of rock drilling equipment rotation motor used.Self-Drilling Installation Self-drilling installation may be The DYWI® Drill Hollow Bar System Selection of the proper drilling machinery accomplished either manually or semi. the same percussion rate as run on higher rotation rates and the for different types and feed ratios. rotation motors of (hydraulic) rock drills Bar System has been determined In general. experience from Civil Engineering numerically with a safety factor of 0. adjustment features. Feed The recommended maximum feed range For shorter installation lengths required and accuracy of the drill string are key for installation depending on the for Underground applications. as is key to ensure efficient and sound automated. the main drilling adjusted accordingly. offers high rates of installation. For directional applications has shown that rates in the with regards to the yield load. stability and drilling efficiency in range of 120 . where the stability achievable smooth drilling rate. Installation Parameters Self-drilling installation is accomplished application.150 [rpm] provide sound Civil Engineering. 300 to 600 [bpm] have shown good results. the ground conditions.

000 250 500 0 0 0 100 200 300 0 100 200 300 400 Impact Energy [J] Impact Energy [J] R32-210 R32-280 R32-360 R38-420 R38-550 R51-660 R32-250 R32-320 R32-400 R38-500 R51-550 R51-800 25 . they reduce ■ Air. properly and uniformly distributed over grouting. Grout which replaces water For granular soils.000 500 1. Additional injection holes mainly depends on: drilled into hollow bars may also support grout distribution along the entire ■ Amount and type of flushing medium element length. In case given ground higher for long ground anchors than for conditions require further improvement. ■ Generally between 0. hence a constant installation feature. water. the required pressure is coupling connector.500 Torque [Nm] Torque [Nm] 2. and has shown proper results into the drill string over a rotary injection for cohesive soils. or grout the load-bearing capacity of the hollow ■ Simultaneous drilling and grouting bar. is a combined flushing and injection technique Simultaneous Drilling and Grouting This technique ensures that the grout is properly established by post injection forms bulbs for increased bond strength. The grouting pressure operation. advances. Self-Drilling Installation Grouting Grout mixing pumps used for injection ■ Ground conditions of the DYWI® Drill Hollow Bar System ■ Non-binding soils or fractured rock typically comprise of a mixing and a result in an increased consumption pumping unit. larger grouting/flushing in ground types where a cement grout adapter. This subsequent grouting must be customized to respective and procedure is accomplished with a machine capacity. water-air mixture.35 and 0. multiple injections using post-injection couplings further enhance the grouting The consumption of injection medium performance. short bolts.000 3. pressure requirements are not high Besides the common self-drilling (< 7 [bar] / 100 [psi]).500 3. bulb around the hollow bar cannot be concurrently with the installation and Recommended Pairs of Impact Energy and Torque 1. it permeates the ground amounts may be necessary.000 750 2. grouting may either supply rate is required to ensure that be performed while drilling with a rotary the grout circulates within the borehole injection adapter or after the drilling during drilling.500 1. however. conical push adapter or a threaded For example.70 For simultaneous drilling and grouting. a small return of grout the entire installation length as drilling or air as a flushing medium is injected at the collar of the borehole is required. Those injection pumps of injection media must feature a complete mixing of the ■ Water-cement ratio grout and a steady pumping pressure.

water or air-water mixture flushing ■ Optional extension using couplings ■ Optional extension using couplings ■ De-coupling from the rotary injection adapter ■ De-coupling from the drilling machinery. subsequent grouting using an injection adapter ■ Assembly of anchorage or head construction (plate and nut).Self-Drilling Installation Simultaneous Drilling and Grouting Drilling and Subsequent Grouting ■ Assembly of the DYWI® Drill Hollow Bar System and ■ Assembly of the DYWI® Drill Hollow Bar System and connection to the rotary injection adapter connection to the rock drill ■ Rotary self-drilling installation and simultaneous grouting ■ Rotary percussive self-drilling installation without casing: single-use drill bit and hollow bar drill steel. depending on the application 26 .

the prior to the main works ultimate load resistance at the ground. k ec A hydraulic hollow core cylinder and D o a press chair as bearing on the soil On-Site Design or rock surface are connected to the Execution Verification hollow bar with a pull adapter and fixing nut. ■ Test loading demonstrates the ground anchor's ability to withstand Testing and monitoring features economic For example. Monitoring and regular inspection ■ Conducted on trial anchors installed increase the service life of both the used In the course of investigation tests. Depending on the application. ■ Investigation tests tests are the preferred testing types. a tensile load is applied by using a hydraulic tension jack with a Ch load measurement system. micropiles are tested either selected. investigation tests and suitability the construction design may be possible.Testing and Monitoring Introduction On-site testing ensures proper functioning ■ Suitability tests Pull-out tests are the default on-site and allows to proof the performance ■ Conducted on ground anchors testing procedure for ground anchors. Suitability tests confirm stage. force and displacement of the hollow bar must be measured and recorded. Depending on the System. suitability of design. Those trial elements should ■ Acceptance tests Spiles and injection lances are generally be prepared and installed as performed ■ May be applied to all working anchors not tested in-situ. During pull-out tests. and levels of safety a particular design in comparable ground conditions by test loading. because ■ Investigation tests provide information structural damages or imperfections of grout interface and the characteristics on the expected performance of of the system in the working load range construction can be detected at an early working anchors. Pull tests can be conducted A on actual lengths (soil nails) or on short lan encapsulated samples. testing of ground anchors a load exceeding its working load advantages during the product service involves three general testing types for life cycle. of the installed DYWI® Drill Hollow Bar identical to the working anchors soil nails. and bolts. during the construction process. elements. Tests are carried out on trial working anchors can be measured by pull-out tests and/or static load tests. ■ Data provides a reference against loading mechanism (tensile. pull rod. product and the entire structure. and fixing nut ■ Press chair (bearing element) ■ Hydraulic system: hollow core cylinder and pump ■ Load and displacement measurement systems 27 . Re-Design At the excess length of the installed hollow bar. an appropriate test method must be which the performance of the or alternating). With the information from quality control purposes: For micropiles as well as rock and soil in-situ tests at hand. compressive. Tensile loading is applied over the extension of the hollow core cylinder. an optimization of nails. pull test equipment includes the following main parts: ■ Tension adapter. Pull-Out Tests A pull-out (or simply pull) test measures the characteristics and the performance Monitoring Design of the load transfer mechanism of the installed DYWI® Drill Hollow Bar ct P System. are determined. In general.

Testing and Monitoring Applications In-Situ Pull Testing (DIN 21521-2): Load-Displacement Diagram R32-360 with DYWI® Inject SILO 8044-M 350 10 300 7 9 250 6 200 Force [kN] 5 150 4 100 1 3 50 0 2 8 11 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Displacement [mm] 28 .

GZ: ■ EN 13438: Paints and ■ ASTM A-934: Standard Specification BMVIT-327.120/0030-IV/IVVS2/2015 ■ EN 14490: Execution of special mining and tunnel support. general geotechnical works – Soil nailing specifications for steel-bolts.Further References ■ EN 1461: Hot dip galvanized coatings ■ EN 15773: Industrial application of ■ Hollow Bar Soil Nails – Pullout Test on fabricated iron and steel powder organic coatings to hot dip Program. Innovation and and non alloyed ferrous materials Bars Technology. tests. Innovation and geotechnical works – Micropiles Technology. 2010 articles – Specifications and test galvanized or sherardized steel articles ■ European Technical Approval (ETA) methods [duplex systems] – Specifications. Vienna. FHWA-CFL/TD-10-001. GZ: ■ DIN 21521-2: Rock bolts for BMVIT-327. Vienna. as self-drilling rock and soil nail for ■ EN 12501-1: Protection of metallic recommendations and guidelines temporary and permanent application: materials against corrosion – Corrosion ■ ASTM A153: Standard Specification ETA-12/0603 likelihood in soil – Part 1: General for Zinc Coating (Hot-Dip) on Iron and ■ Approval for application as soil nail ■ EN 12501-2: Protection of metallic Steel Hardware for temporary and semi-permanent materials against corrosion – Corrosion ■ ASTM A-775: Standard Specification application by the Austrian Federal likelihood in soil – Part 2: Low alloyed for Epoxy-Coated Steel Reinforcing Ministry of Transport. ■ Designs and dimensions of system testing methods components as well as primary material specifications are included in ■ ISRM: Suggested Methods for Rockbolt DSI Underground’s system brochures Testing and approvals 29 .120/0012-IV/ST2/2015 varnishes – Powder organic coatings for Epoxy-Coated Prefabricated Steel ■ Approval for application as micropile for galvanized or sherardised steel Reinforcing Bars for temporary and semi-permanent products for construction purposes ■ ASTM D4435: Standard Test Method application by the Austrian Federal ■ EN 14199: Execution of special for Rock Bolt Anchor Pull Test Ministry of Transport.

which safe and successful product performance.System Accessories DSI Underground provides a wide range System accessories are essential for a Local support and short-term availability of modular system accessories. grouting. ■ Yielding anchor head ■ Bayonet connector ■ Post-injection coupling ■ Angle compensation disks ■ Reverse anchor head ■ Protective caps ■ Anchorage and foundation elements ■ Sleeves ■ Utillity nuts ■ Injection flow-pressure meter ■ Grout mixing pump ■ Post-injection adapter ■ Rotary injection adapter 30 . and monitoring. as structural load-bearing elements and THE SOLUTION PROVIDER. for drilling. is provided by local competence complete the premium quality series of Typical system accessories can be used centers – DSI Underground is the DYWI® Drill Hollow Bar System.

System Accessories ■ Drill rod wrench ■ Pull testing equipment ■ Rock drilling equipment ■ Sealing coupling ■ Lock coupling ■ S-D expansion bolt ■ Expansion shell ■ Centralizer ■ Drill bit adapters ■ Drill bits 31 .

(face bolts) and longer vertical bolts This innovative DYWI® Drill S-D drilling installation. R38. The key factor for the S-D expansion bolt can be optionally success of this combination bolt type tensioned following the fixation of System Description System Components ■ Expansion bolt: mechanically anchored ■ Immediate load-bearing capacity via ■ Drill bit and fully grouted the mechanical end anchorage ■ Single-use drill bits in different ■ Self-drilling installation based on the ■ Subsequent optional grouting feature diameters and designs ■ Hardened or carbide inserts principle of the DYWI® Drill Hollow Bar ■ Flexible application range from System 210 to 800 [kN] (47 . and ■ Hollow bar with continuous cold-rolled R32-210 to R51-800 left-hand outside thread utilized as drill R51 ■ Utilization of several subsequently ■ R38 and R51: several coupled rod during installation aligned extension expansion elements extension expansion elements can ■ Rotary-percussive installation allows a higher load-bearing capacity be used using standard Underground drilling even in weak ground machines ■ Hollow bar R32. face support feature. Subsequent grouting. The DYWI® Drill type of self-drilling combination bolt. borehole drilling One important application in Civil The self-drilling bolt product family has and bolt installation are accomplished in Engineering is the use in excavation now been extended by an expansion one operational step. or R51 ■ Conventional or automated installation ■ Plate ■ Different designs and dimensions available on request ■ Nut ■ Drive adapter ■ Couplings in different versions S-D Expansion Bolt R38-076 with two Coupled Expansion Elements 32 .180 [kip]: ■ S-D expansion element ■ Standard diameters: R32. various so-called is the use of the long-term proven plate and nut. ground conditions is an important capacity. “one-step” bolting systems have been DYWI® Drill principle with a robust and de-coupled from the actual installation developed. Civil Engineering. Underground. procedure.S-D Expansion Bolt Introduction In the past decade. R38. procedures and the ensuing higher The DYWI® Drill S-D expansion bolt is need for self-drilling bolts. This is a result of steadily innovative expansion element. installed self-drilling. pits. permits further optimization increasing requirements on installation of installation cycle times. Immediately after the self. where the construction process shell element for the DYWI® Drill Hollow The system’s adaptability to changing requires an immediate load-bearing Bar System. an activation of the (large-span support in caverns) are (self-drilling) expansion bolt is used both expansion element leads to an instant typical application examples for this for Underground applications and in load-bearing capacity.

water or air-water mixture flushing ■ Optional extension using couplings ■ Activation of the expansion element after the final drilling depth has been reached: withdrawal of the rock drill with hammer strokes ■ De-coupling of the drive adapter ■ Fixation and assembly of the anchorage (plate and nut) ■ Optional de-coupled grouting 33 .S-D Expansion Bolt Main Advantages ■ Immediate load-bearing capacity ■ Ability to maintain load-bearing ■ Improved drilling accuracy thanks to after installation and activation of the capacity even when undergoing large the directional guidance of the expansion element deformations self-drilling expansion element ■ Cycle time reduction due to the ■ Tough system components de-coupling of the grouting procedure ■ Safe. easy. and reproducible installation from installation procedure Ready-For-Use S-D Expansion Bolt R32-051 Installation Procedure ■ Assembly and connection of the drive adapter to the rock drill ■ Rotary percussive self-drilling installation (counterclockwise rotation) without casing: single-use drill bit and hollow bar drill steel.

■ Immediate loading-bearing capacity ■ Unproblematic installation in aquiferous The DYWI® Drill expansion shell anchor boreholes is installed into pre-drilled boreholes.78 90 . optimum anchor force ■ Continuous DYWI® Drill Hollow Bar The injection of the annular gap between thread allows flexible length the DYWI® Drill Hollow Bar tension adjustments and posterior extension member and the borehole using cement on site grout or DYWI® Inject Systems is ■ Available for series R32.7 7.95 Required borehole diameter Db [in] 2. approx.3.1 [mm] 170 186 230 Length L [in] 6.5 .nom [kip] 52 90 142 1) Determined in the course of laboratory pull tests in model rock mass (concrete) Installation Procedure ■ Drilling of a borehole in accordance with the specifications.1 [kg] 1.7 [kN] 230 400 630 Nominal load-bearing capacity 1) Fm.2 [mm] 52 .0 7. Immediate load-bearing capacity ■ The choice of the appropriate is achieved by an activation of the DYWI® Drill Hollow Bar ensures the expansion shell.8 .nom [in] 1. Specifications Characteristic Value / Type Symbol Unit SK-R32-048 SK-R38-068 SK-R51-078 [mm] 48 68 78 Nominal external diameter De.9 2.8 17.3 2.8 Nominal weight m [lb] 4.1 3. R38.Expansion Shell Introduction Main Advantages Bolts with a variable free length ensure ■ Simple handling and optimized a pre-tensioning of the anchor and thus installation time an active force transmission.8 4. 150 [mm] (6 [in]) longer than the expansion shell anchor when installed ■ Insertion of the assembled expansion shell anchor into the borehole – shell must fit into the borehole tightly ■ Pre-tensioning via impact screw driver or adequate driver tool ■ Optional post grouting after installation 34 .3 9.2.0 8.58 72 . and R51 accomplished in a second working step.0 .3.7 3.

Design Example DYWI® Drill Yielding Anchor Drill Bit Hollow Bar R32 Sleeve (Free Length) DYWI® Drill Yielding Anchor Head Specifications Yielding Characteristics 200 Characteristic Value / Type Unit R32-GK 150-L 1) [kN] 130 . Installation is pre-assembled components ■ Constant high yielding force level accomplished either self-drilling or in a pre-drilled borehole.Yielding Anchor Head Introduction Main Advantages The DYWI® Drill yielding anchor head ■ Controlled accommodation of large ■ German approval for Underground plus integrated free (de-bonded) length deformations application is used for applications in squeezing ■ Adjustable to given ground conditions ■ Simple and secure manipulation of and loose ground. the bond length is ■ Tough and durable design grouted. preferably in combination elongation of the hollow bar in the ■ Absorbing mechanism based on a with an expansion shell free length cylinder with integrated piston ■ Anchorage: ■ Induced controlled yielding of the ■ Defined force-displacement plate and yielding anchor head head construction characteristics ■ Adjustable to project-specific requirements 35 .34 150 [mm] Up to 600 Yield length 125 [in] Up to 23.6 Force [kN] 1) Recommended default DYWI Drill type: R32-360 ® 100 75 50 25 0 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 Displacement [mm] Basic Concept Installation Principle Working Mechanism Plate DYWI® Drill Yielding Anchor Head DYWI® Drill SK-R32-048 Free Length (Variable) Bond Length Yield Length Nut Hollow Bar R32 Sleeve DYWI® Inject SILO 8044-M ■ Load transfer ■ Working mechanism ■ Yielding anchor head ■ Bond length: ■ Ground deformations result in an ■ Discrete component grouted.150 175 Yield force [kip] 29 .

rotation of the drill string strokes applied in the course of drill ■ Trouble-free extension or de-coupling string extension. a loosening of couplings inside the ■ Suitable for free length sections borehole – the hollow bar is installed Faulty installation may be caused by continuously in one piece. the hollow the drill string ■ Optionally available with a one-sided bar coupling is locked against clockwise or double locking mechanism rotation and loosening. and R51 ■ Handling during installation is the same a DYWI® Drill lock coupling. 36 . R38. Thus. ■ Controlled removal of defined hollow worn out coupling adapters. couplings inside the couplings if non system-conform not detach itself during a clockwise borehole may loosen due to hammer components have been used.Lock Coupling Introduction Main Advantages When using standard couplings for or missing clamping jaws. There may be no The DYWI® Drill lock coupling prevents of the drill string external signs for this failure. damaged bar sections by the selective use of standard couplings and lock couplings System Description Specifications Technical Features The standard coupling is replaced by ■ Available for series R32. the inside locking mechanism ■ R32-400 rotary-percussive installation (toothed gear with radial and ■ R38-550 (counterclockwise) and locks the longitudinal teeth) cuts transverse ribs ■ R51-800 coupling during clockwise rotation of onto the hollow bar. During the ■ Designed for highest load-bearing as for standard couplings counterclockwise rotation of the drill capacities ■ The DYWI® Drill lock coupling permits string. or loose ■ The DYWI® Drill lock coupling does installation.

the pre-installed capacities chamfered hollow bar ends ensures centered sealing ring ensures a tight ■ R32-400 optimum leak tightness fitting between the chamfered surfaces ■ R38-550 of two hollow bars. During installation ■ R51-800 and injection. R38.Sealing Coupling Introduction Main Advantages Due to the design of conventional The DYWI® Drill sealing coupling allows ■ Targeted and safe injection of the couplings for standard applications. R51. 37 . the DYWI® Drill sealing ■ T76-1900 coupling ensures a tight connection under default working pressures. an optimized installation procedure with flushing and/or injection medium absolute leak tightness of the couplings regards to the leak tightness of the drill ■ DYWI® Drill sealing couplings ensure cannot be warranted when applying string. and T76 same as for standard couplings Upon establishment of a proper and ■ Designed for highest load-bearing ■ A sealing ring inside the coupling and tight connection. This advantage is significant leak tightness when applying standard standard flushing pressures. same operating principle as for standard couplings System Description Specifications Technical Features The standard coupling is replaced by a ■ Available for series R32. ■ Handling during installation is the DYWI® Drill sealing coupling. for simultaneous drilling and injection flushing pressures operations. ■ Easy application.

and T76 same as for standard couplings This special coupling type allows ■ Designed for highest load-bearing ■ The load-bearing capacity of the targeted multiple injections through capacities system (hollow bar . R38. Valve opening pressures ■ R38-550 ■ Multiple injections can be can be adapted on customer request. sealing. the annular gap between the cleaned inner hole of the hollow bar ■ Application in all ground types hollow bar and ground is grouted via using different injection media. R51. ■ Repetition of working steps in case ■ Rotary self-drilling installation and simultaneous grouting depending on the grout mixture used a consecutive injection process is ■ Primary injection process through the (generally 12 to 18 hours) required ■ Post-injection with an injection ■ Preparation of the head construction.coupling) remains circumferentially aligned injection holes ■ R32-400 completely intact with valves. ■ R51-800 accomplished through valves with ■ T76-1900 injection holes ■ Adjustable rated valve opening pressure: from 8 to 20 [bar] (115 to 290 [psi]) Installation Procedure ■ Assembly of the DYWI® Drill Hollow ■ Post-injection and final assembly with a pressure exceeding 8 [bar] Bar System and connection to the ■ Flushing of the injection channel (115 [psi]) rotary injection adapter (inside of the hollow bar) with water ■ Maximum injection pressure ■ Note: self-drilling installation and using a plastic hose shortly after the depending on application and ground subsequent grouting is also possible installation is completed conditions ■ Short curing time primary injection. drill bit ■ Extension of hollow bars with adapter through the if required DYWI® Drill post-injection couplings DYWI® Drill post-injection couplings 38 . These injections can be carried out ■ Controlled and targeted post-injection for ground improvement. ■ No partial loss of drilling and cooling the outlet port at the drill bit to achieve medium during installation improved load transmission. allows the targeted post-injection through ■ Adjustable rated opening pressure System Description Specifications Technical Features The standard coupling is replaced by ■ Available for series R32.Post-Injection Coupling Introduction Main Advantages By default. or of the ground The DYWI® Drill post-injection coupling compensating grouting. ■ Handling during installation is the a DYWI® Drill post-injection coupling.

Utility Nuts Loop and Eye Nut ■ Eye nut: heavy duty version ■ Loop nut: standard version ■ Utility hangers ■ Fixation of ropes and mats ■ Anchorage of mesh and geogrid Bail Nut ■ Light utility hangers ■ Mounting of instrumentation tools 39 .

Anchorage Elements Sleeves ■ De-bonding ■ Free length(s) ■ Additional corrosion protection ■ Micropiles: pile neck reinforcement ■ Steel and plastic versions available Protective Caps ■ Temporary corrosion protection ■ Construction walls where shotcrete is not used for sealing ■ Protection of personnel when head constructions are exposed to walkways ■ Steel and plastic versions available 40 .

Anchorage Elements Angle Compensation Disks ■ Secure anchorage even when undergoing large inclinations ■ Standard application in combination with domed nuts ■ Standard version for hollow bar series R32 and R38 Reverse Anchor Head ■ Sheet piles ■ Tie-back anchorage ■ Limited space conditions 41 .

Flat Face. Flat Face Couplings Adapter Couplings Cross Drill Bits Drill Bit Adapters ■ Connection of hollow bar and drill bit threads of different diameters ■ Large drill bit portfolio for diameter ranges outside standard versions ■ Controlled transmission of the drilling energy from the hollow bar onto the drill bit Drill Rod Wrench and Tensioning Tool ■ Tough design ■ Various lengths and wrench sizes 42 .Rock Drilling Equipment System Components ■ Shank adapters ■ Extension drilling equipment ■ Drill bits ■ Drill bits in either flat face or ■ Couplings ■ Coupling adapters retrac design ■ Adapter couplings ■ Cross drill bits Shank Adapters Extension Drilling Equipment Button Drill Bits. Retrac Coupling Adapters Button Drill Bits.

R38.Rock Drilling Equipment Bayonet Connector The bayonet connector is a sealed. easy- to-remove connection between hollow bars used for self-drilling installation. and T76 43 . A bayonet connector efficiently transfers the total impact energy and torque from the hydraulic drifter or rotary head onto the hollow bar drill string. R51. ■ Sealed connection for micropile installation ■ Easy to disconnect ■ Removal of defined hollow bar sections ■ Transfer of the drilling energies nearly without any loss Centralizers ■ Centralization of DYWI® Drill Hollow Bars inside the borehole ■ Increased directional installation accuracy ■ Optimum grout cover ■ Available for series R32. It consists of two parts: adapter and coupling. Defined hollow bar sections can be easily removed once drilling has been completed.

Injection Adapters Rotary Injection Adapter System Components ■ Flushing head housing ■ Flushing shaft with connecting thread for the hollow bar and the shank adapter ■ Gasket and wiper (internal) ■ Fixing bracket with connection thread for the injection hose ■ Grease fitting ■ Dampening rubber Main Advantages ■ Simultaneous drilling and grouting ensures an ideal bond with the loose rock or soil ■ Penetration of the injection material into the surrounding ground ■ Ground improvement and homogeneous distribution of the injection material Fixing Bracket Flushing Head Housing Flushing Shaft Grease Fitting Flushing Connection (Connecting Thread) Injection Adapter ■ Different versions for cement grout or resin injection ■ Conical push adapters or threaded adapter couplings ■ Various grout hose connections available on request 44 .

which allows the input of the working data into spreadsheet calculation program. are a benefit for each job site. for suitable for: ■ Backfilling Main Advantages ■ Tough design and galvanized pump casing ■ Low empty weight ■ Simple operation and maintenance due to modular design ■ Low start-up and cleaning times ■ Low filling and overall height ■ High delivery rate at continuous pressure ■ Variable discharge ■ All-purpose equipment Injection Flow-Pressure Meter Introduction The revolutionary injection flow-pressure exact and comprehensible as well as a control system for specified meter DSI MAI® LOG400 permits an documentation of ground improvement injection termination criteria. System Components ■ Flow meter ■ Pressure transmitter ■ Operating and analysis unit ■ Data transfer via compact flash card or USB ■ Tripod ■ Technical documentation ■ User manual ■ Software package 45 . The manipulation-proof digital data recording is operated via a user-friendly and simple touch-screen terminal. and building excavations. ■ Re-injection Underground conditions. System Description Flow rates and injection pressures are recorded separately for each injection borehole.Grout Mixing Pump Introduction DSI MAI® grout mixing pumps have been example for the shoring of slopes. The easy handling and the integrated software. They have been ■ Drillhole filling successfully used around the world The proven and delivery technology is in Tunneling and Civil Engineering. hill ■ Injection and grouting works developed for extremely challenging sides.

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04390-1/05.16-web he provided herein shall be considered TURKEY non-binding and may be subject to change ”MAI®” is a trademark of MAI International GmbH.Austria ARGENTINA DSI Underground Austria GmbH AUSTRALIA Alfred-Wagner-Strasse 1 4061 Pasching/Linz AUSTRIA Austria BELGIUM Phone +43-7229-610 49 0 BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA Fax +43-7229-610 49 80 E-mail office@dywidag-systems. VENEZUELA www. USA please do not hesitate to contact us. U N I T E D A R A B E M I R AT E S without notice.at BRAZIL CANADA CHILE CHINA COLOMBIA C O S TA R I C A C R O AT I A CZECH REPUBLIC DENMARK EGYPT ESTONIA FINLAND FRANCE GERMANY GREECE G U AT E M A L A HONDURAS HONG KONG INDIA INDONESIA IRAN I T A LY J A PA N KOREA LEBANON LUXEMBOURG M A L AY S I A MEXICO NETHERLANDS NIGERIA N O R W AY OMAN PA N A M A PA R A G U AY PERU POLAND PORTUGAL Q ATA R RUSSIA SAUDI ARABIA SINGAPORE SOUTH AFRICA S PA I N SWEDEN SWITZERLAND Please note: TA I W A N This brochure serves basic information ”DYWI®” (4197869) is a registered trademark of THAILAND purposes only. Technical data and information DSI Underground.at . Should you require further information on particular products. for losses or damages attributed to the use UNITED KINGDOM of this technical data and any improper U R U G U AY use of our products.dywidag-systems. We do not assume any liability DSI Underground is a partner of MAI International GmbH.