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# Section A

[28 marks]

Answer all questions in this section

1. A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the increase in
temperature, Δθ, of water and the mass, m, of the water. The initial temperature, θO, of the
basin of water was measured with a thermometer as shown in Diagram 1.1.

A mass, m = 0.20 kg of the water taken from the basin was placed in a polystyrene cup and
heated for 1 minute as shown in Diagram 1.2. The final temperature, θ, of the water is read
on the thermometer. Diagram 1.3 shows the meniscus of the mercury column in the
thermometer.

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4. 1.60 kg.7. 2 .30 kg. 0.80 kg taken from the basin. The final positions of the meniscus of the mercury column in the thermometer are shown in Diagrams 1. 0.The procedure is repeated with different masses of water. 1. and 0.6 and 1.5.40 kg. m = 0.

𝑚.4. of the thermometer. 1. (b) Based on Diagram 1. 1.5. [1 mark] (ii) Record the initial reading.(a) For the experiment described on pages 2 and 3.7 on pages 2. and the readings. 3 and 4: 1 (i) For each value of m in 1 (b)(i). Your answers must be in two decimal places.1.7 on pages 2. θ. [2 marks] 1 (c) Tabulate the results for all values of m. 1. Δθ. θ and Δθ in the space below. 1. calculate the increase in temperature.6 and 1. θo. 1.3. by using the following equation: ∆𝜃 = 𝜃 − 𝜃𝑜 Record the value of Δθ. 1. calculate the value of 𝑚.1. 3 and 4. 1. [1 mark] (iii) For each value of θ in 1 (b)(ii). 1. [3 marks] 3 . identify: (i) manipulated variable _______________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (ii) responding variable _______________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (iii) constant variable _______________________________________________________________ [1 mark] Write your answers for question 1 (b) in the spaces provided in Diagram 1.6 and 1.4.5.3.

1 (d) On the graph paper in page 6. [5 marks] 1 (e) Based on the graph in 1 (d). _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] 4 . draw a graph of Δθ against 𝑚. state the relationship between Δθ and 𝑚.

_____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] 5 . He used an ammeter. State how the internal resistance varies with current. V and the current flows it. determine the value of V when I = 0.1 The results of the experiment is shown in graph of V against I as shown in Diagram 2. r. (a) Based on the graph in Diagram 2. rheostat.2. and voltmeter which connected as shown in the Diagram 2.2.40 A. how you determine the value of V. Show on the graph. I. if the current flows increase? _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (c) The gradient of the graph represent the internal resistance of the battery. A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the potential difference across a battery.2. _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] (b) What will happen to the value of V.

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E. r of the graph. r = __________________________________ [3 marks] (ii) Calculate the electromotive force. of the battery using the formula E = V + Ir. where r is the gradient of the graph. _____________________________________________________________________ [1 mark] 7 . [3 marks] (e) State one precaution that should be taken to improve the results of the experiment. V and I is voltage and current are correspondence. Show on the graph how you determine value of r.(d) (i) Calculate the gradient.

Diagram 3. describe an experimental framework to test your hypothesis. screen. Based on your observation. The paper burn when it is at the focal point of the lens. 3. light box. (a) State one suitable inference that can be made [1 mark] (b) State one appropriate hypothesis for an investigation [1 mark] (c) With the use of apparatus such as a few convex lenses of different thickness but same diameter.1 shows a boy using a convex lens to concentrate light from the sun on to a piece of paper to burn the paper. The diameter and shapes of the two lenses are as shown. Diagram 3.2 shows another boy using a different lens to do the same thing. Section B [12 marks] Answer any one question. state clearly the following: (i) Aim of the experiment (ii) Variables of the experiment 8 . Observe the distance of the lens from the paper and the thickness of the lens in two cases. plasticine and other apparatus. In your description.

(iii) List of the apparatus and materials (iv) Arrangement of the apparatus. Same experiment is repeated by using longer wavelength of monochromatic light.1 shows the interference pattern of monochromatic light passing through a double slit. Diagram 4. [10 marks] 4. (vi) The way you would tabulate the data (vii) The way you would analyse the data. The result is shown in Diagram 4.2 9 . (v) The procedure of the experiment which include the method of controlling the manipulated variable and the method of measuring the responding variable.

state clearly the following: (i) Aim of the experiment (ii) Variables of the experiment (iii) List of the apparatus and materials (iv) Arrangement of the apparatus. wooden rod and other apparatus. motor. (vi) The way you would tabulate the data. describe an experimental framework to test your hypothesis. In your description. (v) The procedure of the experiment which include the method of controlling the manipulated variable and the method of measuring the responding variable. [10 marks] 10 .Based on the observation above and your knowledge on waves phenomena: (a) State one suitable inference that can be made [1 mark] (b) State one appropriate hypothesis for an investigation [1 mark] (c) With the use of apparatus such as ripple tank. (vii) The way you would analyse the data.