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CODE OF PRACTICE

Safe electrical work
on low voltage
electrical installations

GOVERNMENT OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA

Prepared by: 2001 EDITION
Office of Energy
Technical & Safety Division
20 Southport Street
WEST LEEDERVILLE WA 6007

Tel (08) 9422 5200
Fax (08) 9422 5244
TSD T045 0401
S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S S
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Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page i

O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y

Code of Practice

Safe Electrical Work
on Low Voltage Electrical
Installations
This document is based on guidelines that were developed in liaison
with industry organisations and subsequently issued by the Office of the
Chief Electrical Inspector, Victoria.

Should you have suggestions and comments for further improving the Code, please
forward them to the Principal Engineer Electrical Installations & Appliances at the
Office of Energy.

Earlier drafts of this code were also issued to West Australian industry for use and
comment. This has now enabled the release of this first formal version.

This “Code of Practice” is a set of formal guidelines issued under the authority of
Section 33AA of the Electricity Act 1945 (WA).

Compliance with the practices and procedures contained in this code is recommended
by this office and is also a means by which persons can ensure they are not adopting
unsafe, dangerous or non-complying work practices.

A KOENIG

DIRECTOR OF ENERGY SAFETY
OFFICE OF ENERGY (WA).

S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S i

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O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y

Table of Contents

1. SCOPE AND APPLICATION 1

2. INTRODUCTION 1

3. REFERENCED DOCUMENTS (STANDARDS) 2

4. DEFINITIONS 3

5. AUTHORISATION FOR THE WORK 4

6. HAZARDS OF HIGH FAULT CURRENT LEVELS 5

7. PLANNING AND RISK ASSESSMENT 5
7.1 AWARENESS 6
7.2 AREAS OF REDUCED MOBILITY 6
7.3 TRAFFICABLE AREAS 6
7.4 LIGHTING 7
7.5 SPECIAL SITUATIONS 7

8. SAFETY OBSERVER (WORK-SITE OBSERVANCE) 7
8.1 INSTRUCTIONS AND SKILLS 8
8.2 USE OF OBSERVER 8
8.3 SAFETY APPAREL 8

9. SUPERVISION OF TRAINEES (ELECTRICAL INSTALLING WORK) 9

10. PERMITS 11

11. TESTING EQUIPMENT 11
11.1 CONDITION 11
11.2 ACCURACY 11
11.3 SUITABILITY 12
11.4 PROOF OF OPERATION 12

12. TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT 12
12.1 HAND TOOLS 13
12.2 PORTABLE ELECTRICAL TOOLS 13
12.3 TAGGING OF EQUIPMENT 14
12.4 LADDERS AND STEP LADDERS 14
12.5 ELEVATING WORK PLATFORMS 14
12.6 SAFETY BELTS AND HARNESSES 15
12.7 BARRIERS AND INSULATING MATS 15

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ELECTRIC SHOCKS AND ACCIDENTS 27 22.4 TAG 18 14.1 REMOVAL OF EARTH BONDS 20 15.2 ISOLATE 18 14.1 ASSESSMENT 21 16.8 ALTERNATIVE POWER SUPPLIES 25 20.6 NEUTRAL CONNECTIONS 22 16.6 COLD CATHODE LIGHTING SYSTEMS 25 19.5 ASBESTOS 24 19. FAULT FINDING 22 18. RESTORATION OF SUPPLY TO ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT 19 15.6 BOND TO EARTH 19 14.1 IDENTIFY 17 14. IN-SERVICE TESTING OF ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT 23 19.4 BATTERIES 24 19.4 SAFETY APPAREL 22 16.Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page iii O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y 13.7 ELEVATED ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT AND OVERHEAD CONDUCTORS 25 19.2 CAPACITORS 23 19.7 REMOVAL OF OUT-OF-SERVICE ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT 19 15. WORKING ON LIVE ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT 21 16.1 CUTTING CABLES 23 19.2 OPERATION OF OTHER EQUIPMENT 20 15. SPECIAL SITUATIONS 23 19.3 HAZARDOUS FLAMMABLE LOCATIONS 24 19.3 PRECAUTIONS 22 16.5 LOCK OFF 19 14. ISOLATING AND MAKING SAFE (PREPARATION FOR WORKING ON DE-ENERGISED EQUIPMENT) 17 14. FURTHER INFORMATION 28 S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S iii . HIGH VOLTAGE INSTALLATIONS 26 21.2 COMPETENCY 21 16.3 TEST 18 14.4 TESTS 20 16.7 BARRIERS AND INSULATION MEDIUMS 22 17.5 EARTHING 22 16. SAFETY APPAREL 16 14.3 RESTORATION OF SUPPLY 20 15.

This Code may be used to check existing documented work procedures. 1 S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S .  provide information. although many of the safe work practices will have relevance to all kinds of electrical work. to:  provide and maintain a safe working environment for all employees. SCOPE AND APPLICATION This Code of Practice outlines principles and methods of safe work. this Code has not been written to specifically apply to electricity supply network activities of electricity supply authorities. This type of work must only be carried out when other options are inappropriate and only when an adequate risk assessment process has been undertaken and appropriate safety measures are in place. It will assist users to improve their safety and meet the various Western Australian statutory requirements including:  Electricity Act 1945  Electricity Regulations 1947  Electricity (Licensing) Regulations 1991  Occupational Safety and Health Act 1984  Occupational Safety and Health Regulations 1996  Mines Safety and Inspection Act 1994  Mines Safety and Inspection Regulations 1995 Good general principles for safety on the job include: For employers. Also. and  report all electric shocks and electrical accidents (refer to “21. instructions and training as necessary to all employees. the electrical worker is called upon to undertake functions which include working on or near live exposed electrical equipment. the minimum standards in this Code should already apply. 2. organisation and performance on low voltage electrical installations. Statutory regulations take precedence over this Code of Practice. authorised to perform work on electrical equipment and installations. INTRODUCTION From time to time. Where quality systems are in place. ELECTRIC SHOCKS AND ACCIDENTS” on page 27).  ensure all workers are provided with adequate protective clothing and equipment. This document is designed principally for use by electrical workers but will also have application for others such as electrical linepersons and cable jointers. It sets out minimum requirements for a safe working environment for electrical workers (including self employed workers).Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page 1 O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y 1.

Selection. safety and welfare.Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page 2 O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y For employees. to:  take reasonable care to ensure their own health and safety at work.  avoid adversely affecting the health or safety of any other person through any act or omission. Use and Maintenance AS 2676.2 Occupational Protective Footwear . REFERENCED DOCUMENTS (STANDARDS) The following Standards Australia International (SAI) publications are referred to in this document: AS/NZS 1270 Acoustics . 3.Specification AS 2225 Insulating Gloves for Electrical Purposes AS 2626 Industrial Safety Belts and Harnesses - Selection.  not misuse or damage any equipment provided in the interests of health.  wear protective clothing and equipment provided by an employer.  comply with instructions given by an employer to preserve health or safety.1 Low-Voltage Switchgear and Controlgear Assemblies - Type-tested and Partially Type-tested Assemblies AS/NZS 3760 In-Service Safety Inspection And Testing of Electrical Equipment HB13 Electrical Equipment for Hazardous Areas S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S 2 .Hearing Protectors AS/NZS 1337 Eye Protectors for Industrial Applications AS/NZS 1801 Industrial Safety Helmets AS/NZS 1891. Safe Use and Care AS/NZS 2210.1 Guide to the Installation. and  report any situations that could constitute an accident or a hazard to any person in the workplace.1 Occupational Protective Footwear - Guide to Selection. Care & Use AS/NZS 2210. Testing and Replacement of Secondary Batteries in Buildings AS 2865 Safe Working in Confined Spaces AS/NZS 2978 Insulating Mats for Electrical Purposes AS/NZS 3000 Wiring Rules AS/NZS 3017 Electrical Installations .Testing Guidelines AS/NZS 3108 Approval & Test Specification Particular Requirements for Isolating Transformers and Safety Isolating Transformers AS 3190 Approval & Test Specification Residual Current Devices (Current Operated Earth Leakage Devices) AS 3439.1 Industrial Safety Belts and Harnesses AS/NZS 1892 Portable Ladders . Maintenance.

or proper for. isolating links or fuses and/or connections. The physical break must be of a length appropriate to the voltage and the insulating medium (air or SF6 etc). Electrical Worker Person engaged in the installation. Appropriate Being suitable to. High Voltage Voltage exceeding 1000 volts a. maintenance. air or SF6 etc). 3 S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S . DEFINITIONS For the purpose of this Code of Practice. accidental or inadvertent contact with electrical equipment is possible. earthed or out of commission. Equipment (electrical) Any appliance. Extra-low Voltage Voltage not exceeding 50 volts a.c. in a safe and effective manner.component. wire. Isolator A device which for reasons of safety. long objects. repair or testing of electrical equipment. conveys or controls electricity which is live or can be made alive. De-energised Means equipment has been disconnected from all sources of electricity supply but not necessarily isolated.Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page 3 O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y 4. cutting blades etc. drills. Competent Means having acquired the knowledge and skills enabling that person to perform the task required. where deliberate.c.c. the following definitions apply. either direct or indirect through tools. or 1500 volts d. Discharged Means an electric charge has been removed by the application of a suitably earthed conductor. Words or terms not specifically defined are to be interpreted as commonly understood. Authorised Has the permission of the appropriate authority for the duty concerned. Close Proximity (of electrical equipment) Refers to locations on installations. fitting. Approved Has the endorsement of the appropriate organisation for a specified function. conduit or apparatus that uses.c or 120 volts d. The length of the break is dependant upon the voltage and the insulating medium (eg. Isolated Equipment is isolated when disconnected from all sources of supply by the operation of isolators. the duty concerned. provides physical break in the circuit in the open position.

the employer. ie. in certain cases. the following terms apply:  Must . work should only be carried out on electrical equipment that has been de-energised and isolated from electricity supply. or 1500 volts d. but not exceeding 1000 volts a.Is to be understood as advisory. the employer or the employer’s authorised representative prior to carrying out any electrical work.Is to be understood as mandatory. However. or the employer’s authorised representative. for the work to be performed. Low Voltage Voltage exceeding 50 volts a. Where practicable.  Should . be competent and familiar with the equipment and aware of all the potential risks involved.c.c. from the owner or occupier of the premises. but not mandatory. It is preferable to gain written authorisation from the owner or occupier of the premises. This is particularly important when working near live exposed high voltage equipment. Personnel working on live electrical equipment must have had appropriate training. before proceeding. Where practicable. it may be necessary for personnel to work on or in the vicinity of live electrical equipment.Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page 4 O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y Live (energised) A term applied to part or all of an item of electrical equipment when a difference of potential exists between it and the mass of earth under normal conditions of operation. Safety Observer A person specifically assigned the duty of observing and warning against unsafe approach to equipment and other potential hazards. AUTHORISATION FOR THE WORK Personnel must ensure that relevant authorisation has been granted. authorisation should be in writing.c. 5. For the purpose of this Code of Practice.c. or 120 volts d. S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S 4 .

7. weather conditions. Miraculously. 5 S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S . water and other electrical circuits. Where isolation or the use of suitable insulating barriers is deemed impractical. It may only require the slip of a screw driver or the fall of a spanner to create a fault. the worker standing beside this switchboard when the fault occured was unharmed. Furthermore. PLANNING AND RISK ASSESSMENT An assessment must be made so work is planned to minimise the risk of inadvertent contact with live electrical equipment. fault current of up 20 times the rated current of the supply transformer can flow for short times during fault conditions. proximity to live electrical equipment. Consideration should also be given to the consequences of any inadvertent operation whilst working on live electrical equipment which may affect the safe operation of other equipment remote from the work site and affecting the safety of others. severe damage to the electrical switchboard equipment may occur. telephone. High fault current levels release an enormous amount of energy. site conditions. eg. In such circumstances. the operation of control devices. flame resistant and non-synthetic overalls should be worn and leather gloves and full face shields should be used. noise. Any work being performed in the vicinity of electrical equipment must be organised in such a way as to eliminate any conceivable risk of any person. eg. prospective fault levels. consideration must be given to using a safety observer when working on or in close proximity to live electrical equipment. non-electrical equipment. HAZARDS OF HIGH FAULT CURRENT LEVELS Electrical workers should be aware that. gas. either performing work or accidentally entering work areas. eg. work environment. Circuit protection may not always operate in such circumstances. data communications. Arcs that are produced under these conditions have the energy to cause an explosion and/or melt switchboards and cause severe burns to the skin and/or cause flash burns to the face and eyes. particularly where other services are likely to be present. when working on or near live electrical equipment. resulting in expensive repairs and lost production time. to come in contact with live electrical equipment. Electrical workers need to plan this type of work in advance.Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page 5 O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y 6. All factors which reflect on safe working procedures should be considered.

Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page 6 O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y 7. 7. safety observers and those assisting electrical workers working on electrical equipment must understand the potential hazards involved in attempting work on electrical equipment if other workers are physically or mentally impaired. eg. Details of these arrangements must also be made clear to persons who will be carrying out the work.1 Awareness Electrical workers must maintain a high level of mental and physical ability at all times when in close proximity to. Personnel. eg. under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Any other factors that may impact on safety or services such as gas. barriers and/or signage for personal safeguard and protection. should install suitable screens. isolation. disconnection procedures and other necessary precautions must be identified by the person in charge of the work and. where a door may be inadvertently closed or opened and cause the electrical worker to fall into a live electrical source or cause other serious injury. lack of rest. identifies the hazards to persons entering and working in confined spaces and sets out the precautions to be taken to prevent occupational injuries and fatalities associated with such work environments. Before electrical equipment is worked on. behind switchboards.3 Trafficable Areas Persons working in close proximity to passing traffic. due to movement restriction and the inability of being able to readily escape from the immediate area.Safe Working in Confined Spaces. communications or water should be taken into account. eg. on a scaffold or in a trench. vehicular and pedestrian.2 Areas of Reduced Mobility Particular care must be taken when working in these areas. under dwellings. Planning the work before arrival at the site ensures a clear understanding of the task at hand and how it should be approached. including supervisors. electrical equipment. AS 2865 . up a ladder. verified by another experienced person. the switching. 7. Caution should be exercised when working in a passageway or narrow access area. in roof spaces. or when working on. S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S 6 . eg. where practicable.

SPECIAL SITUATIONS” on page 23. Illumination devices used in areas of reduced mobility should be operated at extra-low voltage. Where a person. Should this potential exist. 8. equipment or mobile plant may inadvertently contact live electrical equipment. The safety observer’s duty is to:  observe personnel working in a potentially hazardous situation and warn them when necessary to prevent inadvertent contact with live electrical equipment.4 Lighting Adequate lighting is essential at all times. Lamps should be protected against inadvertent breakage. 7 S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S . This requires that the observer must not have any disabilities and must not be involved in any other duties whilst observing. and  provide assistance in the case of an emergency. Persons carrying out the functions of a safety observer should have no other duties assigned during that time as a safety observer.Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page 7 O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y 7. a safety observer must be posted. SAFETY OBSERVER (Work-Site Observance) An assessment of all risks involved in undertaking work associated with either live (energised) or de-energised equipment must consider all factors which may have the potential to cause injury or damage. 7. such as bare or overhead wires. Portable lighting devices should be of the fully insulated type and have no metallic or conductive exterior surfaces when used in close proximity to electrical equipment. precautionary measures may include the use of an independent safety observer. The safety observer must at all times be alert and ready for emergencies. refer to “19.  ensure that work is stopped if a dangerous situation occurs.5 Special Situations For details.

Unless local medical and rescue services are readily available. the observer should be fully conversant and skilled in first aid procedures including appropriate safety rescue techniques for persons in contact with live electrical equipment. S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S 8 . SAFETY APPAREL” on page 16. 8. First aid procedures should be at least equivalent to Level 1 First Aid Training as provided by St John Ambulance Australia. As long as the potential hazard exists.3 Safety Apparel The observer must be suitably attired with appropriate safety apparel relative to the situation. the observer must remain at the work site at all times and not undertake other duties that will distract from this role. 8. Any observer so employed must be appropriately skilled in all aspects of safety observation and be fully aware of the potential risks associated with the work. Refer to “13.2 Use of Observer Where it is established that an observer is deemed necessary for any work in close proximity to live electrical equipment. the person must not have any known disabilities which would adversely affect their role and performance as an observer. then work must not be undertaken without the presence of an observer.Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page 8 O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y Also. the level of supervision may be relaxed. Supervision of trainees and apprentices must be adhered to.1 Instructions and Skills Safety observers must be specifically instructed in their duties on each occasion. or similar organisations. As the trainee / apprentice progresses and becomes more competent. 8.

on a direct and constant basis. For the purposes of preventing danger to life and property.does not require constant attendance of the supervisor. The supervising electrical worker is responsible for ensuring that all electrical work is checked and tested and complies with the appropriate Acts. the person employing the electrical worker shall:  ensure the supervision is carried out by a person licensed to carry out the electrical work in question without supervision. A gradual relaxation of supervision is logical as an apprentice/trainee develops the skills. Regulations and Australian Standards. General supervision . unless the person carrying out the electrical work is licensed to carry out the work without supervision. particularly AS/NZS 3000 Australian/New Zealand Wiring Rules.  consider the kind of electrical work being undertaken especially with regard to whether live parts are being worked on or are in the vicinity of the work area. the supervisor is in close proximity to. at all times. and  ensure that. the apprentices/trainees. SUPERVISION OF TRAINEES Regulation 50 of the Electricity (Licensing) Regulations 1991 details supervision requirements for electrical workers. The degree of supervision can vary from direct to general supervision. depending upon the type of work being carried out. where apprentices/trainees are working on or are in the vicinity of live parts. The following levels of supervision may be applied: Direct supervision . knowledge and experience leading to a trade qualification. Where an electrical worker is required to be supervised.the personal supervision of a worker.  have regard to the level of competence of the person to be supervised. The table “Supervision Guidelines for Apprentices/Trainees” on page 10 may be used as a guideline to the above supervision requirements and should be varied dependant upon the competence of the apprentice/trainee. is in sight of and can communicate directly with. all electrical work shall be effectively supervised. 9 S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S .Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page 9 O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y 9. Employers of electrical workers and electrical workers themselves must be aware of and comply with the supervision requirements of Regulation 50 of the Electricity (Licensing) Regulations 1991. The degree of supervision (direct or general) requires continual assessment of an apprentice’s/trainee’s experience and competence and the nature of the task being undertaken.

S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S 10 .Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page 10 O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y Supervision Guidelines for Apprentices / Trainees Type of Work Apprentice/trainee Supervision Year Required New Installations 1st Direct (not connected 2nd Direct/General to electricity supply) 3rd General 4th or final General Alterations 1st Direct and Additions 2nd Direct (existing installations) 3rd Direct 4th or final General Maintenance of 1st Direct Installations and 2nd Direct Equipment 3rd General (under isolation permit system) 4th or final General Workshop Tasks 1st Direct 2nd General 3rd General 4th or final General Live Work 1st * 2nd * 3rd * 4th or final Direct Isolation of 1st * Installations and 2nd * Equipment 3rd Direct 4th or final General * Live work is not to be carried out until fourth or final year.

use of safety observers.1 Condition Testing equipment must be in good condition and working order. PERMITS In work places that engage electrical workers. probes and clips of test equipment.2 Accuracy Instruments such as multi-meters. TESTING EQUIPMENT Test equipment including leads and probes must be appropriate and adequate for the tests being performed.Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page 11 O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y 10. contact the Office of Energy. 11 S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S . A work permit system may require practices additional to the requirements detailed in this document. A work permit system should be used for any work being performed in the vicinity of electrical equipment where potential hazards of injury to personnel or equipment damage exist. electrical and/or mechanical isolation of equipment. The work permit should set out relevant conditions of accessing electrical equipment. The equipment must be suitable for use on the highest voltage and available fault current levels likely to be encountered in accordance with its operating instructions. Particular care must be taken as to the condition of the insulation on leads. supervision of work. RCD performance testers. use of safety equipment. voltage testers. 11. 11. clean and not have cracked or broken insulation components. A work permit system should be used for any work being performed in the vicinity of electrical equipment where potential hazards of injury to personnel or equipment damage exist. insulation resistance testers and similar instruments must be regularly tested for accuracy of operation. For further information. conditions of restoring operational status etc. earth loop impedance testers. it is desirable to use a work permit system for undertaking electrical wiring work within that workplace. 11.

All hand tools used in close proximity to live electrical equipment and used in contact with live electrical equipment must be insulated to the highest voltage likely to be encountered.4 Proof of Operation Test equipment used for detecting an energised source should be tested on a known source to prove that it is functioning correctly immediately before the test and after the test has taken place. TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT Correct tools should be chosen to suit a particular job.3 Suitability Testing equipment must not pose a danger of accident to personnel or damage to the electrical equipment during testing. test leads and testing devices need to be provided with suitable fuse protection. Earthing and short circuiting equipment must be adequate for the fault level and protection clearing time of the conductors or apparatus concerned. must be designed and clearly marked as being suitable for use in such locations. Test equipment used for detecting an energised source should be tested on a known source to prove that it is functioning correctly immediately before the test and after the test has taken place. where used in hazardous flammable areas.Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page 12 O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y 11. 11. Properly designed and correctly insulated tools must be used. Test probes and other equipment must be designed and selected so that they cannot inadvertently short circuit between live conductors or live conductors and earth. Where appropriate. S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S 12 . Test equipment. 12. All tools and equipment must be in good order and regularly maintained.

or destroyed. appliances and equipment must be supplied through a residual current device (RCD). appliances and equipment must be supplied through a residual current device (RCD) providing personnel protection.NOT TO BE OPERATED’ if it is to be repaired. Caution must be exercised when using portable electrical equipment with exposed conductive parts. If portable RCDs are used. All portable electrical tools. Equipment found to be defective must immediately be withdrawn from service and labelled ‘OUT OF SERVICE . or destroyed. tool and equipment insulation should be a minimum Class II type (double insulated) or equivalent. or otherwise directly made inoperable and safely disposed of. rulers or tools with exposed conductive parts when working on or in the vicinity of live electrical equipment. breakages and damage before use. Tools found to be defective must immediately be withdrawn from service and labelled ‘DANGER . 12. Equipment found to be defective must be withdrawn from service immediately and labelled ‘OUT OF SERVICE .1 Hand Tools Hand tools must be checked for wear. Do not use metallic measuring tapes.Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page 13 O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y 12. eg. However.2 Portable Electrical Tools Where practicable. if the use of hand tools with exposed conductive parts is unavoidable in the vicinity of live electrical equipment. extreme care must be exercised to prevent an electric shock and/or arcing hazard. Type II (30 mA) or Type I (10 mA) complying with AS 3190. or otherwise directly made inoperable and safely disposed of. 13 S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S .NOT TO BE OPERATED’ if it is to be repaired. It is necessary to check equipment for wear. they should be utilised as close as practicable to the point of supply.DO NOT USE’ if they are to be repaired. at the supply end of an extension lead and not at the appliance end. or supplied through an isolating transformer complying with AS/NZS 3108. All portable electrical tools. breakages and damage before use.

Persons working from elevating work platforms must not over-reach or climb out of the basket whilst it is elevated. must not be used in close proximity to equipment where an electrical hazard may result from their use. including flexible cords. eg. 12. as described in AS/NZS 3760 “In-service safety inspection and testing of electrical equipment”. or held secure by other means. RCDs and portable isolation transformers. held securely at the base by an assistant. Metallic. boom lifts and cherry pickers. Extended ladders should be secured top and bottom.4 Ladders and Step Ladders Portable ladders and step ladders should comply with the appropriate Australian Standard and be used in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. Insulated elevating work platforms should be used where possible. cord extension sets. S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S 14 . by securing at the ladder head. Only one person should work from a ladder at any one time. All persons using elevating work platforms.Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page 14 O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y 12. be of correct size and length for the associated work and be provided with anti-slip feet where practicable. should be trained in their use. These types of ladders should not be used for any kind of electrical work.3 Tagging of Equipment Inspection and test procedures should be followed for the routine in-service and testing of electrical tools. should be trained in their use. portable outlet devices. wire-reinforced or otherwise conductive ladders. Persons must never enter or leave elevating work platforms whilst they are elevated except in an emergency. including scissor hoists.5 Elevating Work Platforms All persons using elevating work platforms. boom lifts and cherry pickers. Ladders must be located and positioned to provide a safe and secure working medium. Persons should not over-reach when using a ladder. including scissor hoists. 12. Ladders should have a load rating of at least 120kg.

12.1 and AS 2626 for further information. 12. Insulated barriers must be of suitable material to effectively isolate electrical workers from adjacent live equipment. Insulated barriers must be of suitable material to effectively isolate electrical workers from adjacent live equipment. be constrained by an appropriate safety belt or harness.7 Barriers and Insulating Mats Insulating covers and mats for electrical purposes must comply with and be tested in accordance with the requirements of AS/NZS 2978. Elevating work platforms. wherever practicable. must not be used in close proximity to equipment where an electrical hazard may result from their use. Insulated covers and mats must be visually inspected for possible defects prior to each use. The surface area should be checked to make sure that there are no surface faults or obstructions that could cause violent movement or overturning of the platform.Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page 15 O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y Elevating work platforms should only be used on a solid level surface. Reference should be made to AS/NZS 1891. unless suitable for the purpose. A safety harness must also be worn and suitably attached when using elevated platforms. 15 S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S .6 Safety Belts and Harnesses Persons using ladders on poles or similar structures should.

Safety Belt/Harness . rings. the following safety apparel should be considered. Clothing made from conductive material or containing metal threads should not be worn. Leather work gloves may be used when working on de-energised installations. of non-fusible material and be flame resistant. in accordance with AS 2225. Safety apparel must never be relied upon as the sole means of insulation from live electrical parts. such as ear plugs and ear muffs should comply with AS/NZS 1270. S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S 16 . Footwear .Safety belts and harnesses must be checked and inspected each time before use with particular attention being paid to buckles. Noise Protection . or in close proximity to. Dependent on the type of work and the risks involved. Gloves . clips and webbing in accordance with AS 2626.Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page 16 O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y 13. or in close proximity to.2 and be selected and maintained in accordance with AS/NZS 2210.Gloves should be insulated to the highest voltage expected for the work being undertaken. be non-synthetic.Protective clothing should cover the full body (including arms and legs). Clothing . Electrical workers and their assistants must wear appropriate protective apparel when working on. and  in good condition. Safety apparel must never be relied upon as the sole means of insulation from live electrical parts. Protective clothing worn by personnel must be:  suitable for the tasks being carried out. Rated gloves should be tested regularly. Safety Helmets .SAFETY APPAREL Electrical workers and their assistants must wear appropriate protective apparel when working on.  of correct fit.Protective headwear should meet the requirements of AS/NZS 1801.Eye protection should comply with AS/NZS 1337.Shoes or boots should comply with AS/NZS 2210.Noise protection. hooks. Eye Protection . live electrical equipment.1. Gloves should be inspected each time before use. live electrical equipment.

control isolator and main point of supply.It is strongly recommended that bracelets.1 Identify Clearly identify the electrical equipment to be worked on and the appropriate point of supply. neck chains. rings.PREPARATION FOR WORKING ON DE-ENERGISED EQUIPMENT Electrical safety is primarily dependent upon appropriate job planning. No electrical equipment should be assumed to be de-energised after isolation .IT MUST BE TESTED. The instructions in the procedure must be followed at all times. eg. ALWAYS TEST PRIOR TO TOUCHING. No electrical equipment should be assumed to be de-energised after isolation . exposed metal zips. 14. isolation of circuits and equipment and correct testing procedures and techniques. watches etc. Persons required to work in association with electrical equipment must be appropriately trained and competent in isolation procedures and in the use of testing equipment.IT MUST BE TESTED. ISOLATING AND MAKING SAFE . Identification of equipment should include legible labelling at the equipment to be worked on and at all points of possible isolation. There must be an adequate isolating and testing procedure for each installation. are not worn whilst performing electrical work in the vicinity of live electrical equipment. 17 S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S . 14.Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page 17 O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y General .

14. Such notices must be clearly understandable and. thermostats. Consideration must be given to the possibility of circuit wiring or electrical equipment becoming live due to any operation of automatic control devices. To safeguard against inadvertent reconnection by others. Such notices must be clearly understandable and. after being absent from the immediate work area. must be treated as live. isolation or disconnection. S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S 18 . float switches. where appropriate. removing fuses or switching circuit breakers. then it should be racked out or removed to provide a visible break for isolation verification.4 Tag Appropriate warning tags should be placed at all points of switching. to confirm that the instrument is still working.Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page 18 O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y 14.3 Test All electrical equipment. When voltage testers are used. Tags should only be removed with the permission of all the Appropriate warning tags should be placed at all points of switching. PLCs and other interface devices. signed and dated by all personnel involved in the work or by the supervisor in charge of the work party. 14. isolation or disconnection. It is also important that control circuits are isolated. The use of a tester which detects an electric field surrounding a live conductor may not be suitable to test cables which are surrounded by a metallic screen. unless proven to be de-energised. Where isolation is effected at a removable or “rack-out” circuit breaker or combined fuse switch. Voltage tests must be conducted between all conductors and between all conductors and earth. they must be tested [on a known source] for correct operation immediately before use and again after use. where appropriate. eg. signed and dated by all personnel involved in the work or by the supervisor in charge of the work party.2 Isolate The electrical equipment to be worked on must be isolated from all sources of supply either by opening switches. it is imperative that checks and tests be carried out to ensure that electrical equipment being worked on is still isolated.

multiple points of supply. which are adequate to carry the potential short circuit currents. the equipment must be isolated from supply and appropriate tests made to ensure the equipment is de-energised. Securing devices must be able to withstand any disrupting environment. eg. 15.6 Bond to Earth If practicable. RESTORATION OF SUPPLY TO ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT Before restoring supply after isolation. Where fitted locking facilities are not available. 19 S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S .5 Lock Off All circuit breakers. 14. Suitable safety apparel should be used when attaching or removing temporary bonding conductors. insulation resistance and earth continuity. then by their immediate supervisor. the procedure must be adhered to. where isolation of electrical equipment is made at a remote location. Temporary bonding conductors must always be bonded together and attached to the general earth before any attempt is made to attach them to any de-energised component portion of the electrical installation.7 Removal of Out-of-Service Electrical Equipment When removal of out-of-service or decommissioned electrical equipment is required. all conductors supplying the equipment should be bonded together and to the general mass of earth at the work site. Where a formal permit system is used. these alterations or additions must pass the appropriate tests. Further tests must be made at any point where a cable is required to be cut. switches and combined fuse switch units should be locked off where possible. After any alterations or additions to electrical equipment are made. Removal of the bonding conductors must be carried out in reverse order. eg. ensure all relevant personnel are notified and a visual inspection conducted to ensure that all tools. if not possible by the signatories. surplus material and wastes have been removed. Bonding to earth may be effected by connecting conductors. and the work verified that it is safe to connect to electricity supply. those parts which have been altered or added must comply with relevant regulations. to the electrical installation earthing system. Identification labels should also include warnings for any abnormal hazards. not becoming ineffective due to vibration. ie.Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page 19 O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y signatories to the tags or. Before supply is restored. temporary securing devices must be used. 14. 14.

the designated sign-off procedure must be adhered to. 15. and  it is safe to restore supply. tests must be carried out to confirm that polarity is correct. actives are switched and. S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S 20 . where applicable. tests must be carried out to confirm that polarity is correct. ensure that:  all personnel are aware and understand that power is to be restored. phase sequences are correct before equipment is operated. 15. actives are switched and. When power is restored.4 Tests When power is restored. where applicable. phase sequences are correct before equipment is operated. Where a formal permit system is used. Refer also to AS/NZS 3017 and AS/NZS 3760 as appropriate.  all safeguards including temporary bonds and short circuiting devices have been removed. all signatories to any tags or notices must agree that power can be restored and locks removed where used.Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page 20 O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y 15.3 Restoration of Supply In general. Refer also to AS/NZS 3017 and AS/NZS 3760 as appropriate. 15.1 Removal of Earth Bonds Before supply to equipment is restored.2 Operation of Other Equipment Precautions against the inadvertent operation of other equipment must be carefully considered when supply is restored. Suitable safety apparel should be used when attaching or removing temporary bonding conductors.

16. the following precautions must be included:  adequate insulating barriers are installed on adjacent parts. However. Where the person doing the work considers that it cannot be carried out safely without assistance or a safety observer. 21 S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S .  tools and equipment are appropriate for the work to be carried out. 16. Every effort should be made to isolate circuits and equipment from electricity supply. WORKING ON LIVE ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT Working on live electrical equipment should only be considered as a last resort. where it is unavoidable that work must be carried out on energised circuits. precautions must be taken to prevent the likelihood of simultaneous contact with conductors or conducting objects at different potentials.1 Assessment An assessment must be made of the associated risks prior to commencing any work on live electrical equipment. or the work delayed until isolation can be arranged. and  warning signs are posted to alert personnel in the vicinity of the danger areas.2 Competency Any persons undertaking work on live electrical equipment must be skilled and competent in the work to be carried out. then that person must be provided with that assistance or safety observer. When work is to be carried out on or near live low voltage equipment.Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page 21 O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y 16.  all personnel are wearing suitable safety apparel.

a voltage may be present between conductors or between conductors and earth. precautions must be taken to ensure earthing continuity is maintained to all component parts of the equipment at all times.6 Neutral Connections Particular care should be taken when removing neutral connections as tests may have indicated a de-energised situation.Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page 22 O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y 16.4 Safety Apparel Electrical workers and their assistants must wear appropriate protective clothing suitable for the task when working on. other appropriate safety measures need to be taken. including building structures such as concrete and steel which may be earthed.7 Barriers and Insulation Mediums Only conductors at one potential should be worked on at any one time. In those instances. it is strongly recommended that power be isolated before commencing work on electrical circuits or equipment. live component part separated from its connected earthing medium. SAFETY APPAREL” on page 16. Insulating mats or barriers should be used between electrical workers and conductors and between electrical workers and earth. 16. However. S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S 22 . there will be instances when fault finding or obtaining test results is only possible whilst equipment is live. 16. Protective clothing worn by personnel must be of correct fit and in good condition. However.5 Earthing When working on live electrical equipment having earthed metal. Bonding conductors must be rated to withstand the “let through” energy of the primary protection without failing. or in close proximity to. FAULT FINDING As described in “16. precautions must be taken to prevent the likelihood of simultaneous contact with conductors or conducting objects at different potentials. When work is to be carried out on or near live low voltage equipment. live (energised) electrical equipment. 16. when these connections are removed. WORKING ON LIVE ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT” on page 21. Refer also to “13. Insulated barriers should be utilised in the work area between conductors of different phases or voltage potentials.3 Precautions The person responsible for authorising work to be carried out live must specify any particular precautions to be taken to eliminate hazards and to prevent injury. 16. 17. eg. Bonding conductors may be required to be installed when removing electrical equipment from earthed metal.

Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page 23 O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y The electrical worker must be competent in the work and the requirements for working on live electrical equipment. When applying discharging devices. a substance which has proven to be toxic. 23 S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S . The worker should also be familiar with the equipment involved.1 Cutting Cables When carrying out work which involves cutting existing cables. 19. SPECIAL SITUATIONS 19.2 Capacitors When working on equipment that includes capacitors. electrical workers should be aware that substantial energy and subsequent arcs can be produced that may cause burns to workers or ignite material. care should be taken against the harmful effects of arcing. to low voltage supply. IN-SERVICE TESTING OF ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT The procedures specified in Australian Standard AS/NZS 3760 should be used for the in-service safety inspection and testing of equipment. the cable must be treated as live. cord connected portable residual current devices and portable isolation devices. an RCD or an isolating transformer should be used. Capacitors that do not have discharge devices attached may reinstate the full line voltage. electric portable outlet devices (power boards). Capacitors and associated circuitry must be proved to be fully discharged and de- energised by the use of a voltage tester prior to performing work on them and their associated circuit wiring. 19. Appropriate procedures must be used when handling this type of equipment. which is designed for connection by a supply flexible cord and plug. other than fixed equipment. Capacitors containing PCBs should be managed and handled in an environmentally responsible manner in accordance with health and safety requirements. Always test to prove that these units are discharged immediately prior to commencing work. When testing for faults within plug-in electrical equipment whilst live. The procedures for working on live electrical equipment contained in “16. The Standard also applies to the testing of cord extension sets. Note: Many older types of capacitors contain Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs). The electrical worker should be aware of the risk of electric shock or flashover between conductors and between conductors and earth whilst testing and take appropriate precautions. WORKING ON LIVE ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT” on page 21 should be adhered to until positive tests proving the cable is de-energised can be made at the point where the cable is to be cut and after the cable is cut. 18.

or equipment that contains batteries. grain storage. petro-chemical installations. eg. Part 1: Vented cells and Part 2: Sealed cells. petro-chemical installations.4 Batteries When working on batteries.3 Hazardous Flammable Locations Any work on live electrical equipment in areas classified as hazardous. S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S 24 . Handling and removal of asbestos must be carried out in accordance with the Occupational Safety and Health Regulations 1996. Maintenance. Additional information is available in document HB13 “Electrical Equipment for Hazardous Areas”. 19. electrical workers should be aware that accidental short circuiting of battery terminals or connections may create substantial arcs that can cause burns or ignite hazardous gases or material and appropriate preventative precautions must be taken.1 “Guide to the Installation. is not permitted due to the risk of causing explosion or ignition. must be carried out using procedures applicable to the hazardous location. Appropriate procedures must be used when handling batteries as their contents may be harmful. 19. eg. Any electrical work within flammable or potentially flammable areas. Testing and Replacement of Secondary Batteries in Buildings”.5 Asbestos Asbestos may have been installed in some electrical switchboards as a fireproofing material. which provides guidance on safe practices during battery installation and maintenance. Any electrical work within flammable or potentially flammable areas. must be carried out using procedures applicable to the hazardous location. other than intrinsically safe equipment. Refer to AS 2676. appropriate precautions must be used. grain storage. Appropriate non sparking hand tools and equipment must be used when working in hazardous locations. flour mills and fine particle process areas.Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page 24 O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y 19. drilling or cutting. flour mills and fine particle process areas. Where there is a likelihood of the asbestos being disturbed by activities such as removal.

19. Any work or replacement of component parts must not be performed unless the system is isolated from the electricity supply.6 Cold Cathode Lighting Systems These systems of illumination. as far as practicable. standby generators. Where a safety observer is deemed necessary.Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page 25 O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y 19. main power with separate auxiliary power supply for control. Metal or wire reinforced ladders and scaffolds must not be used on live circuits and elevated platforms should be tested to ensure they are effectively insulated to the appropriate voltage. that they are safe for the work to be carried out without special precautions. transformation up (backfeed from ELV controls). multiple control/ supplies etc. Approved safety harnesses and other necessary safety apparel should be used where appropriate.7 Elevated Electrical Equipment and Overhead Conductors Extra caution must be used when working on live uninsulated overhead conductors or other live electrical equipment in elevated positions as even a slight shock can result in a fall which could prove fatal. Alternative systems may include inverter/UPS systems. including outline lighting systems. ring main systems. may have open circuit voltages up to 15 000 volts. 25 S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S . the observer should be proficient in pole top rescue or other relevant rescue procedures. Poles and structures must be tested and inspected to establish.8 Alternative Power Supplies Care must be taken when alternative power supplies are connected to the installation or equipment. 19. Isolation procedures should include steps to ensure isolation of automatic connection of alternative supply. No portion of the system should be touched whilst energised.

S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S 26 . in approved work procedures and practices. isolation and earthing must be appropriately instructed and provided with a safe work permit by an authorised person (HV switching operator). Refer to the Office of Energy for further information. Refer to the Office of Energy for further information. An appropriate safe work permit must be used.  These distances may be reduced for nominal voltages not exceeding 33kV if approved insulating or earthed metal guards or barriers are used. For work on high voltage equipment:  Persons who intend to or are required to work on high voltage equipment after switching. An appropriate safe work permit must be used. For work on low voltage equipment in the proximity of exposed live high voltage parts or equipment:  No person shall come or bring any conducting object within the distance given below from any exposed live part at the voltages specified: above 650 volts to 22 000 volts (Nominal) 700mm 33 000 volts (Nominal) 700mm 66 000 volts (Nominal) 1000mm 132 000 volts (Nominal) 1200mm 220 000 volts (Nominal) 1800mm 330 000 volts (Nominal) 2800mm  These shall be the distances beyond the reach of any part of the body or any conducting body or unapproved object touching any part of the body.  Persons who intend to or are required to work on live high voltage equipment must be specially trained by a competent authority for this purpose. These are specialised safety requirements beyond the scope of this code. HIGH VOLTAGE INSTALLATIONS Work carried out on or in close proximity to high voltage installations must only be carried out by persons competent to do so. Work carried out on or in close proximity to high voltage installations must only be carried out by persons competent to do so.Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page 26 O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y 20. if required. if required.

The full effects of an electric shock may not be immediately obvious. Regulation 63 of the Electricity (Licensing) Regulations 1991 states the requirements for reporting occurrences of electrical accidents. However. symptoms of internal injuries may not materialise until some time after the occurrence.Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page 27 O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y 21. A Freecall telephone number is available for reports of electrical (and gas) accidents to the Office of Energy: All electrical and gas accidents must be reported to the Office of Energy Telephone: 1800 678 198 (all hours) Any person receiving a severe electric shock should always seek medical attention promptly. In this way. any person who is aware of the accident or danger must report the fact to the Director of Energy Safety (Office of Energy) and to the relevant electricity supply authority. An employer who receives a report of an electrical accident must report the matter to the Office of Energy and to the relevant electricity supply authority. or is likely to cause. ELECTRIC SHOCKS AND ACCIDENTS Electricity supply authorities and the Office of Energy have legislative roles to investigate all incidences of electric shock. Regulation 63A of the Electricity (Licensing) Regulations 1991 requires that a person shall not do anything at the scene of the accident with the intention of hindering or obstructing an investigation of the accident by an inspector or police officer. Where an accident has caused. the cause of accidents can be determined and procedures set in place to prevent a recurrence of the incident in the future. danger to a person or property. 27 S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S . if the person who is aware of the occurrence is an electrical worker. An employer who receives a report of an electrical accident must report the matter to the Office of Energy and to the relevant electricity supply authority. it is sufficient for the matter to be reported to the employer of that person.

Special thanks go to the following parties for their assistance with photographs: Western Power Corporation Campbell’s Electrical Services State West Power G&S Industies S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S 28 . Further Information Employers and employees should actively seek and promote other documentation that addresses important safe working matters.Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page 28 O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y 22. The Office of Energy has the following information that contains related safe working information:  Safety Guidelines for Electrical Workers  Apprentice Safety Assessment Guidelines This publication was produced in consultation with industry.

Internal Copy 8799 new ppp 9/5/06 12:57 PM Page 29 O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y Notes 29 S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S .

Cover New 8799 ppp 9/5/06 12:59 PM Page 1 O F F I C E O F E N E R G Y O O FF FF II CC EE O O FF EE NN EE RR G G YY CODE OF PRACTICE Safe electrical work on low voltage electrical installations GOVERNMENT OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA Prepared by: 2001 EDITION Office of Energy Technical & Safety Division 20 Southport Street WEST LEEDERVILLE WA 6007 Tel (08) 9422 5200 Fax (08) 9422 5244 TSD T045 0401 S A F E E L E C T R I C A L W O R K O N L O W V O LTA G E E L E C T R I C A L I N S TA L L AT I O N S S SAA FF E E E E LL E ECC TT R R II C CAA LL W WOOR RKK O ONN LL O OWW V VOO LL TT A AGGE E E E LL E ECC TT R R II C CAA LL II N NSS TT A A LL LL A A TT II O ONNS S .