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Lesson #2-Introduction to CUBES Strategy to Solve One-Step Addition Word Problems

Lesson Overview

This lesson will cover how to solve one-step addition word problems by understanding the terms

that relate to addition. The students will then be introduced to the C.U.B.E.S strategy in solving

these problems. Through this strategy and by understanding addition word problem vocabulary,

the students will read, analyze, identify, and solve these problems.

Resources or Materials Needed

Teacher: promethean board and pen, speakers, whiteboard, dry erase markers, C.U.B.E.S

strategy poster addition/subtraction t-chart (See Appendix B), addition fast fact fluency drill 1 for

each student, timer, highlighter (any color), one-step

addition word problem worksheet for each student, PowToon presentation for addition, Math is

Fun Illustrative Dictionary word: Addition, CUBES strategy poster

Students: math notebook, pencil, colored pencils, highlighter (any color)

Performance Objective:

1. Given one-step addition word problems, students will correctly represent, write, and

solve at least 4 out of 5 word problems.

2. Given one-step addition word problems, students will correctly identify the vocabulary

words/phrases that are associated with addition.

Time: Approximately 1 hour

Step 1: Pre-Instructional Activities

Fast fact drill of one-digit plus one-digit numbers to 20

The teacher will ask the students to share what they remember form yesterdays lesson.
The teacher will put up the t-chart with addition and subtraction vocabulary words on the

board but cover the subtraction portion.

The teacher will tell the students: We have 28 students in our class. Mrs. Cundiff is sick

today so 6 more students joined our class and the remaining 10 of her students went to

Mrs. Emonds class. Altogether, how many students do we have in our class now?

Today we will learn how to solve one-step addition word problems.

Step 2: Content Presentation

The teacher will project the Powtoon presentation for addition on the promethean screen

(See Appendix R).

The teacher will then ask the students to open their notebooks.

The teacher will have the students write the word addition in their notebooks.

The teacher will go to the Math is Fun Illustrated Dictionary and look up the word

addition (See Appendix T). The teacher will show the students the meaning of addition.

The students will use their notebooks to write a sentence to represent addition, draw a

picture, write a non-example, and write a list of words that belong with the addition


The teacher will show a word problem on the promethean board

The teacher will read the whole problem to the students.

The teacher will then dissect each sentence one at a time

The teacher will ask who is the problem about?

The teacher will ask: What are they doing?

The teacher will then write the correct response on the board.

The teacher will introduce the acronym C.U.B.E.S to the students

The teacher will use a YouTube video to introduce the CUBES strategy (See Appendix


Using C.U.B.E.S strategy, the teacher will walk through how to locate and highlight

important information by circling important information, underlining clue words, box the

question, and eliminate the unnecessary information.

Tell the students that when I solve word problems I read the whole problem and try to

visualize the story in my mind just like a movie.

The teacher will then read the problem again all the way through while students close

their eyes and try to visualize the story.

The teacher will then draw a visual representation and label everything

The teacher will reread the problem

Ask the students which clue words or phrases that we underlined tells us what operation

we will use to solve this problem?

Write the addition number sentence

Solve the equation

Answer the question using the appropriate label

Show students how to check work using the inverse operation.

Step 3: Learner Participation

Give each student a word problem that they can glue into their interactive math


Have the students take out their colored pencils to use when they are using C.U.B.E.S

The students will complete all of the steps for solving one step word problems in their

notebook including drawing a representation of the problem

The teacher will call several students to the front of the class to show their notebooks

under the document camera and explain how they solved the problem

The teacher will then pass out a one-step word problem worksheet for individual practice

Step 4: Assessment

The students will be given a one-step addition word problem worksheet that has 5 problems (See

Appendix G). The students will complete this worksheet individually.

Step 5: Follow-Through Activities

A center will be created that has manipulatives that the students can use to solve one-step

addition problems. The students will then draw the visual representation that they created with

their manipulatives in their centers notebook.

Assessment and Evaluation Method

The students will be assessed through observation and a formative assessment containing 5

addition word problems (See Appendix G). Students will show understanding of this concept if

they correctly answer 4 out of 5 problems.