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Tablon Retaining Wall Ht. _clark_with Wind

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INC DESIGN NO : -

DWG TITLE : PREP'D BY : / 07/07/17

DESCRIPTION : 0 0 0 0 0 CHECKED BY : / 07/07/17

PROJECT ID : 0 APPRV'D BY : / 07/07/17

SHT. NO : of

Rev

- No Date Nature of Revision

- -

DESIGN OF RETAINING WALL

q = 0 KPa

0.00

4.80 Ø = 30 F1 = 0.00

g = 18 F2 = 69.12

Soil 1

GWT 28.80

5.70

28.80

Ø2 = 30 F = 100.12

g2 = 18 F3 = 25.92

0.90

F4 = 5.08

Soil 2

2.46 8.83

40.09

DATA

Ø = Angle of internal friction above GWT = 30.00 degrees

g = Unit weight of soil above GWT = 18.00 KN/m3

Ø2 = Angle of internal friction below GWT = 30.00 degrees

g2 = Unit weight of soil below GWT = 18.00 KN/m3

gw = Unit weight of water = 9.81 KN/m3

**fc' = Compressive Strength of Concrete = 21.00 MPa
**

fsy = Yield strength of steel = 275.00 MPa

tw = Thickness of wall at bottom = 350.00 mm

ts = Thickness of Slab = 350.00 mm

Øwv = Wall vertical bar diameter = 20.00 mm

Øwh = Wall horizontal bar diameter = 20.00 mm

h = Distance from top of wall to GWT = 4.80 m

H = Total Wall Height = 5.70 m

Bx = Width along transverse direction = 1.50 m

Bz = Width along longitudinal direction = 1.00 m

Hv = Footing Height = 0.00 m

LOADINGS

**q = Surcharge due to vehicle, crane or footing = 0.00 KN/m2
**

q' = Surcharge (300 KPa acted on GWT Level) = 0.00 KN/m2

Wev = Selfweight of Wall = 60.27 KN

Wov = Selfweight of foundation = 63.68 KN

Eq = Earthquake Load = 10.50 KN

SLAB REINFORCEMENT

**ØST = Slab transverse bar diameter = 20.00 mm
**

NST = Number of bar along transverse direction = 8 pcs.

ØSL = Slab horizontal bar diameter = 20.00 mm

NSL = Number of bar along longitudinal direction = 8 pcs.

**PROJECT : CEPALCO CAGAYAN ELECTRIC POWER & LIGHTING CO. INC DESIGN NO : -
**

DWG TITLE : PREP'D BY : / 07/07/17

DESCRIPTION : 0 0 0 0 0 CHECKED BY : / 07/07/17

PROJECT ID : 0 APPRV'D BY : / 07/07/17

SHT. NO : of

Rev No Date Nature of Revision

LOAD ANALYSIS

- Solve for Ka value of each soil: - Pressure due to soil 2

Ka1 = 1 - sin Ø P4 = P3 - P'2

1+ sin Ø = 2.46 KPa

= 0.333 - Solve for the pressure contributed by water:

Ka2 = 1 - sin Ø Pw = gwzw

1+ sin Ø = 8.83 KPa

= 0.333 - Solve for Forces:

- At top of wall where surcharge acts: F1 = 0.00 x 4.8 ; y = 3.3 m

P1 = q Ka1 = 0.00 KN / m

= 0.00 KPa F2 = 28.80 x 4.80 / 2 ; y = 2.5 m

- At the interface of top of the stratum: 69.12 KN / m

z1 = 4.80 m F3 = 29 x 0.90 ; y = 0.45 m

Then the surcharge carries through, the effect is: 25.92 KN / m

P2 = (q + g1 z1)Ka1

= 28.80 KPa - Include water and soil with F4:

- Considering soil 2 (where the location of GWT is) F4 = 11 x 0.90 / 2 ; y = 0.3 m

z + dz = 4.80 = 5.08 KN / m

solve for g' - Summation of forces:

g' = g2 - g water F = 100.12 KN / m

= 8.19 KN / m3 - Summation of moments:

P'2 = [q + gz1+ g'dz] ka2 F y' = F1 y + F2 y + F3 y + F4 y

P'2 = 28.80 KPa y' = 1.86 m

- Solve for pressure at the bottom of the wall: MF = F y'

P3 = [q + q'+ gz1+ g'dz] ka2 = 185.99 KN.m / m

dz = 0.90 m - Solve for ultimate moment

Mui = 1.4 ( Mt )

P3 = 31.26 KPa = 260.38 KN.m / m.

DESIGN OF WALL

**Solve for Vertical Reinforcement: - Horizontal Reinforcement
**

d = 290.00 mm Use F = 0.052 ( Max Bending Coeff;Anchor R.D)

d = 270.00 mm

Mu = F qu H2 Muv = F qu B2

= 129.65 KN.m./m = 6.74 KN.m/m

ØMuo = ø b f'c d² w (1-0.59w) ØMuo = ø b f'c d² w (1-0.59w)

w = 0.09 w = 0.00

p = w f'c / fy p = w f'c / fy

p = 0.006561 p = 6.56E-05

Ast = p b d Ast = p b d

Ast = 1902.81 mm2 Ast = 17.71 mm2

**Asmin = 0.002 b d Asmin = 0.002 b d
**

= 580 mm2 = 540 mm2

Load Fyt/(BxBz) 6Mxt/BxBz2 6Mzt/BzBx2 1 2 3 4 Number KN/m2 KN/m2 KN/m2 KN/m2 KN/m2 KN/m2 KN/m2 11 278./m. q = (Fyt/BL) .00 KN Live Load = 1.65 12 Dead + Soil 0. = 582 ~ 300 mm DESIGN OF SLAB Dead Load: Earthquake Load: Wc = g V of concrete slab V = 0.77 14 278.13 10.00 402.73 -585. Earthquake = 1.65 KN.77 13 278.69 451.60 345.9924 kPa = ### Take maximum moment: = ### Mz = 129.00 mm dez = 245.21 0.51 1142.65 129.60 345.65 Fyt = RFy + UFy/BxBz Mzt = Mz + FxHv Mxt = Mx + FzHv Point 1 ./m.98 105.00 402.m.13 KN Wov = Weight of soil use V : = 160.21 0.006 > 0.(6Mzt/BL2) + (6Mxt/LB2) x-x z-z Actual soil pressure.13 402.00 10.m.64 518.15 G + jcQ = 8 KN/m2 = 24.77 Allowable bearing Capacity of Soil = 380.00 10.98 105.89 KN V = 24.73 -585.73 -585.(6Mzt/BL2) . NO : of Rev No Date Nature of Revision Sreq.65 13 Dead + Live + Soil + Eqx 24.69 451.00 Mz = 129.25 = 0.(6Mxt/LB2) Point 3 .(6Mxt/LB2) Point 2 .64 518.50 Mx = 129.60 345.69 451. dex = 265.(q)at point no.98 105.65 129.69 451.64 518.65 14 Dead + Live + Soil + Eqz 0.60 345.50 Loads induced by soil: Soil Pressure = 1.77 12 278.m.50 129.00 10.73 -585.8/fsy x-x 0.65 129. q = (Fyt/BL) + (6Mzt/BL2) .50 129.13 KN Live Load: Factored Load: L = Live Load Dead Load = 1.51 1142.PROJECT : CEPALCO CAGAYAN ELECTRIC POWER & LIGHTING CO.64 518. INC DESIGN NO : - DWG TITLE : PREP'D BY : / 07/07/17 DESCRIPTION : 0 0 0 0 0 CHECKED BY : / 07/07/17 PROJECT ID : 0 APPRV'D BY : / 07/07/17 SHT.98 105.65 KN.50 129. q = (Fyt/BL) .65 KN.65 129.51 1142.21 24.00 mm Temperature & Shrinkage: Primary r/f Ast / bd ≥ 0. S Fx R Fy S Fz U Fy S Mx S Mz LOAD COMB KN KN KN KN/m2 KN-m KN-m 11 Dead + Live + Soil 0.003 ok!!! .00 402.21 0. q = (Fyt/BL) + (6Mzt/BL2) + (6Mxt/LB2) Point 4 .50 129. = 165 ~ 150 mm Sreq.51 1142.

> 129.003 ok!!! Primary r/f Muo > 1.006 Ru = 0.85f'c 2 1.m. p- 2 0.85f'c fy 0.750 Check maximum reinforcement: x-x: p = 0.2 Z f'cf f'cf = 0.010 Ru = 0.81 KN.6 fc' = 2.7/fsy z-z 0.PROJECT : CEPALCO CAGAYAN ELECTRIC POWER & LIGHTING CO.m.85f'c 2 1.85f'c fy = 1.65 ok!!! ØMcr = 57.65 ok!!! ØMcr = 33. ok!!! . ok!!! z-z: p = 0. NO : of Rev No Date Nature of Revision Secondary r/f Ast/bD ≥ 0.598 ØMuo = Ø Ru b d2 = 140.010 > 0.01 KN.36 KN. p- 2 0.2Mcr Where 1. INC DESIGN NO : - DWG TITLE : PREP'D BY : / 07/07/17 DESCRIPTION : 0 0 0 0 0 CHECKED BY : / 07/07/17 PROJECT ID : 0 APPRV'D BY : / 07/07/17 SHT.85f'c fy = 2.85f'c fy 0.2Mcr = 1.93 KN.654 ØMuo = Ø Ru b d2 = 156.m. > 129.m.

- .

.

.

.

54 31.30 7.58 3. Active Weight of wall: Volume x Vx Uwt.38 1.82 5.1525 0.48 43.2675 1.64 kN.36 9.23 0. Mwt.54 6.697 > 1. Wwt.00 110.2675 1.3375 1.394 23. STABILITY CHECK Check for stability against overturning: Take 1 meter strip: Weight of wall 250 5700 350 o 350.27 4 6.525 0.99 kN.68 5 0.5 ok OM Check for stability against sliding: Fs = 20. RM = 1.m.m.18 0.75 63.29 2 0.70 6 185.00 1500 OM = 185.00 4.328 23. 1 1.99 Resisting Pressure Total RM = 315.839 23.71 3 0.54 12.317 18.75 0.538 18.02 kN .

75 ok Fr .85 kN Fs = 4.Fr = 82.138 > 1.

88 1.10 0.22 0.80 .0.

.

Ø = 0. Ybb = 16. hw = 5. FSo = 1.00 kPa specific weight of soil above ground water (backfill).98 65.00 kN/m3 unit weight of water. βh = 0. ccw = 50.00 4400 4400 SOIL PROPERTIES: soil retained is active angle of internal friction (retained soil). f'c = 21. hp = 1.00 Mpa reinforcement yielding strength.81 kN/m3 reinforcement diameter (wall) db = 16 mm reinforcement diameter (footing) db = 20 mm strength reduction factors. Ør = 26.00 250 5550 400 900 40.00 m heel width.00 mm desired factor of safety against overturning. angle of internal friction (base).00 kN/m3 allowable soil bearing pressure. Yba = 16. B = 4. H = 5.75 concrete cover for wall.00 kN/m3 specific weight of soil below ground water (backfill). Cb = 0. fy = 275.20 m total height of structure (hw + tf). qs = 0.40 m LOADING CALCULATION: surcharge load at heel.00 m height of ground water. Qall = 80.00 deg.00 Mpa unit weight of concrete.77 0.90 for shear. βt = 0.00 kPa MATERIAL PROPERTIES: minimum compressive strength of concrete. tt = 250 mm wall thickness at bottom.00 m height of soil over toe.00 deg. ccf = 75. backfill slope (toe side).00 deg. tf = 350 mm height of wall. bh = 0. cohesion (base). for flexure. bt = 4. hGWT = 5. Yw = 9.50 DIMENSIONS: wall thickness at top.00 deg. tb = 400 mm footing thickness. backfill slope (heel side).00 kPa .20 m toe width. FSS = 1. Ø = 0.55 m base width (bt + bh + tb). 0.00 mm concrete cover for foorting. Yc = 24. Øb = 26.50 desired factor of safety against sliding.

00 kPa Lateral pressure due to ground water. ko = 1 .57 51. Wst = bt * (hp .75 kN/m weight of soil at toe side. Ww = (tt + tb)/2 * hw * Yc Ww = (0.0. Wf = tf * (bt + tb + bh) * Yc Wf = 0. cos β + (cos2 β . PGWT = hGWT * Yw = 51.39 Passive lateral pressure coefficient. surcharge and soil retained -consider 1m strip weight of wall.2 * 24) = 40.56 At rest lateral soil coefficient.4 + 0) * 24 = 36. Pa1 = ka * Yba * (H .tf) * Yb Wst = 4 * (1 .4) * 5.00 kN/m lateral forces computation -consider 1m strip Fh1 Fsu 5. Pa2 = ka * Y' * hgwt = 12.00 2.cos2 Ø)1/2 kp = cos β * (Rankine Theory) cos β .57 kPa Lateral pressure due to surcharge.20 Fh2 Fh3 Fp 1.(cos2 β .tp) + bh + hw tan Ø)/2) * Yb Wsh = 5. Wsh = hw * (bh + (tb .56 kN/m weight of footing.98 0.Active lateral pressure coefficient. Wsu = qs * b h Wsu = 0*0 = 0.2 * (0 + (0.25 kN/m weight of surcharge.19 kPa Lateral soil pressure below ground water (heel side).56 Lateral soil pressure above ground water (heel side).cos2 Ø)1/2 ka = cos β * (Rankine Theory) cos β + (cos2 β .5 * (0.00 40.cos2 Ø)1/2 ka = 0. Ps = ka * qs * H = 0.35) * 16 = 43.96 kN/m weight of soil at heel side.4 .35 * (4 + 0.19 12.25) + 0)/2) * 16 = 111.(cos2 β .sin Ø (Rankine Theory) ko = 0.01 .hgwt) = 2.(0.55 Fh1' 5. cos β .25 + 0.98 kPa weight of structure. Pp = kp * Yba * hp = 40.01 kPa Lateral soil pressure (toe side).cos2 Ø)1/2 kp = 2.

85 Fsu 0.6 * Wsh 39.26 kN-m eccentricity from middle of base.24 27.2) * 0.28 FT 177.57 Fh1 11.6 * Ww 0.67 201.312 1. Qall = 80.00 4.14 167.57 Fh2 32.32 FAILED! allowable soil bearing pressure.75 0.89 1.778 1.00 Fp 40. qmax = 232.144 1. Fh2 = (Pa2 * hgwt)/2 Fh2 = (12. water and surcharge factored loads factored loads W x Wx load factors yW yWx F y Fy load factors yW yWx Ww 40.2 * Wf 44.50 check for soil bearing capacity total base length.6 * 1.2 = 0.56 4.4) 64.17 21.0344 1.51 1.19 * 5. FS = FR / FT FS = 0.05 factor of safety against overturning.35 97.08 FAILED! desired factor of safety against overturning.4971 1.5 = 0.38 5.44 qallmax = 193.78 0 1. FS = RM / OM FS = 1. Fh3 = (PGWT * hgwt)/2 Fh3 = (51.5.68 1.37 kN/m Lateral soil force below ground water (heel side). RM = 376.98 * 1 = 40.68 kN/m Lateral force due to ground water (heel side).63 1.6 29. qmin = 232.33 13.4 * (1 .40 m total vertical forces.30 Wsh 111.33 Fh1 0.4) -29.38 kN sum of sliding lateral forces FT = 177.00 2.80 Fh3 132. ### 435.32 2. Fsu = Ps * hgwt Fsu = 0 * 5.98 kN/m STABILITY CHECK: righting moments overturning moments weight of structure. Fh1 = (Pa1 * (H .50 check structure against sliding sum of resisting lateral forces FR = (WT * tan Øb) + Fp + (Cb * B) FR = 154. Fp = (Pp * hp)/2 Fp = 40.40 0 1.00 86. B = 4.73 56.4592 3.37 2.73 229.06 kN factor of safety against sliding.15 367.39 kN-m overturning moment. ### ### Surcharge passive force Factored Loads Factored Loads F y Fy load factors yW yWx F y Fy load factors yW yWx Wsu 0.57 * 5.06 1.2) * 0.63 kN/m Lateral force due to surcharge (heel side).218 90.64 Wst 43.25 2.98 0.73 .6 * Wf 13.6 * Wst 159.6 * Wf 0 0.00 kPa qmin = WT/B * (1 .82 WT 232.6 * Fp 49.51484970792/4.63 since qmax < allowable therefore SAFE! allowable soil bearing pressure.2 * Wst 51.Lateral soil force above ground water (heel side).96 2.80 ### .6e/B).644 47.55 .649 1.51 kN net moment moment.5 = 32.56 362.563 1.9 103.(MT/WT) e = 1. e = B/2 .94944351198139/4.00 check structure against overturning resisting moment.87 FAILED! desired factor of safety against sliding.2 81.4 * (1 + 6 * 1.2 qmin = -87.2 = 11.19 * (5.2) * 0. surcharge and soil retained lateral forces of soil.659 1.00 kPa with UPLIFT! . FSS = 1.OM MT = 58.hgwt))/2 Fh1 = (2.2 * Ww 48. FSo = 1.94944351198139/4.00 kN/m Lateral soil force (toe side).01 * 5. WT = 232. MT = RM . OM = 347.26 Wf 36.38 kN/m Fh1' = Pa1 * hgwt Fh1' = 2.2 * Wsh 134 32.6 * Wf 0 0.5 = 132.95 mm solving for bearing capacity qmax = WT/B * (1 + 6e/B).24 kN-m -0. Qall = 80.51484970792/4.

21 Mpa ρ = (0.00 kN 4.85 * f'c))) ρ = 0.0333818 #DIV/0! ρmin = 0. Vc = 0. Wh = 1. d = 342 mm calculated shear at base. Vc = 0.6 * qs * bh p' f2 Ws = 0. eqn.95 mm use.75 * (0.85 * f'c)/fy * (1 . Mu = 1.√1 .00 kN Wh + Wb + Ws weight of soil retained.85 * f'c)/fy * (1 . y = #DIV/0! m Mu = V*y Mu = #DIV/0! kN-m reinforcement design at heel side (footing). Ru = Mu / (Ø * b * d2) Ru = 1. moment arm.85 * f'c)/fy * (600/(600+fy) ρmax = 0.00 kN V = Wh + Wb + Ws . check for shear capacity at wall base. S = 275 mm therefore use spacing 16mmØ @ 275mm CALCULATING REINFORCEMENT FOR HEEL FOOTING : check for shear capacity heel footing effective depth of heel.47 kN shear capacity of concrete.85 * f'c)/fy * (600/(600+fy) ρmax = 0.6H .5.2 * Yc * bh * tf Wh = 0. S = #DIV/0! mm #DIV/0! .6L Mu = 127.75 * (0.40 f2 = qUMin * bh f2 = 0.17 * Ø * λ * (√f'c) * b * d Vc = 199. p' = (qUMax .85 * f'c))) ρ = #DIV/0! ρmax = 0.83 kN (ACI 318M-14.06 kN-m reinforcement design at wall (vertical).qUMin) * bh/B p' = 0. eqn.002 therefore use.1) incease wall thickness or concrete strength calculating maximum moment at wall base.14 -149. s = 128.0045602 ρmax = 0.31 f1 pressure change.1) adequate! calculating maximum moment in heel footing.00 kN 276.6Hp + 1.17 * Ø * λ * (√f'c) * b * d Vc = 154.REINFORCEMENT DESIGN (STRUCTURE): CALCULATING REINFORCEMENT FOR WALL.82 kN (ACI 318M-14.2 * Yb * bh * hw Wb = 0.5.92 mm use. d = 267 mm therefore use. ρ = 0.((2 * Ru)/(0. Ws = 1. d = 265 mm ultimate bearing pressures: selfweight of heel.f2 V = 0.00456 As = ρ*b*d As = 1559.5. Ru = Mu / (Ø * b * d2) Ru = #DIV/0! Mpa ρ = (0.5.f1 .00 kN weight of surcharge. 22.00 f1 = (p' * bh)/2 f1 = 0. ρ = #DIV/0! As = ρ*b*d As = #DIV/0! mm2 reinforcement spacing.0333818 OK! ρmin = 0.((2 * Ru)/(0. S = 125 mm therefore use spacing 16mmØ @ 125mm reinforcement design at wall (horizontal). effective depth of wall base.5843 mm2 reinforcement spacing.1.00 kPa 0. ρ = 0.002 As = ρ*b*d As = 684 mm2 s = 293.002 therefore use. Wb = 1.√1 . V = 212. s = #DIV/0! mm use.00 kN shear capacity of concrete. 22.

S = Err:502 mm Err:502 .85 * f'c)/fy * (1 .002 therefore use.40 Vc = 0.2 * Yc * bt * tf Wt = 40. Wt = 1.41 m Mu = V*y Mu = 943. eqn. d = 265 mm ultimate bearing pressures: selfweight of toe. p' = (qUMax . Ru = Mu / (Ø * b * d2) Ru = 14. y = 4.80 kN pressure change.32 kN Wt + Wb Wb = 1.2 * Yb * bt * hp Wb = 76.85 * f'c))) ρ = Err:502 ρmax = 0.54 kN 276.qUMin) * bT/B f2 p' = 386.89 kN 4.1) incease footing thickness or concrete strength! calculating maximum moment in heel footing. moment arm.0333818 Err:502 ρmin = 0.f2 V = 213. ρ = Err:502 As = ρ*b*d As = Err:502 mm2 reinforcement spacing. check for shear capacity heel footing effective depth of heel.√1 .5.CALCULATING REINFORCEMENT FOR TOE FOOTING.5.f1 . s = Err:502 mm use.75 * (0.83 kN (ACI 318M-14.93 Mpa ρ = (0.77 kPa p' -149.46 kN-m reinforcement design at heel side (footing).((2 * Ru)/(0.14 f2 = (qUMax .17 * Ø * λ * (√f'c) * b * d Vc = 154.00 V = Wh + Wb . 22.31 f1 f1 = (p' * bt)/2 f1 = 773.85 * f'c)/fy * (600/(600+fy) ρmax = 0.p') * bt f2 = -442.53 kN 4.

375 -0.555 Net Moment : 186.m.9 kN 4.65 939.9 kN Shear : 177. Net Weight : 156.79 1120.3154 2.66 1065.8988 0.1 kN.9 1409.96 1598.8988 1 1 active at rest 1.06 1.40 .75 1. cos 0.74 1681.

36 4.2 4.35 0 4.24 4.7 39.175 128.78 w1 x w2 x w1x w2x sum 6.125 9.1440003 0 27.144 .4 27.078 167.w1 x w2 x w1x w2x sum 31.

73 229.1654 0.3 kN.63 1.32 MT = 119.00 0 1.38 5.672 95.6 43.659 1.81 .38 0.64 Wst 43.56 1.292 34.6 * Fp 49.2 qmin = P / A .08 Y= 2. Net Moment: -13.6 * Wf 13.80 ### .98 0.26 Wf 36.4592 3.64 4.15 367.2 * Ww 48.63 2.649 1.40 0.25 2.m.37 2.28 -12.644 47.173 21.moment at c.2 * Wsh 134.878736 2.73 1.6 29.0 kN Allowable Net Moment with wind : Net Moment : 119.504 Wall Sheal Stoe a= 0.25 e = B / 2 .75 2.14 111.40 m 0.275506 1.41 6.00 5.1 Use Ultimate Loads to be compared with q ult : 0.6 * Wst 159. Net Weight : 233.716 1.82 WT ### 1.m.563 1.65 X= 0.4 kN.00 4.87 . 279.68 1.24 Ultimate : 4.78 2.6 * Ww 0.466667 0.218 90.33 13.33 Allowable Net Moment: Ultimate Net Moment: Net Moment : 90.70 394. Net Weight : 232. ### ### Wind Loads: factored loads W x Wx load factors yW yWx FWw 4.00 2.106 1.25 -0.73 Fh2 32.4 3.2 * Ww 5.02 kN 40.1 392.75 B = 4.93 327.o.60 29.g foundation : Vertical Loads: Horizontal loads: factored loads factored loads W x Wx load factors yW yWx F y Fy load factors yW yWx Ww 40.352 0.00 WT = 233.93 WtW 0.68 132.0 kN Shear : 177.73 56.5 kN.2 * Wf 44.5 Fh3 132.m.(MT / WT) 1.30 Wsh 111.66 Fh1 0.56 2.97 79.50 kN-m moment center of footing 32.(6*M / B2) qmin = 15.6 * Wsh 39.89 1.2 * Wst 51.00 H= 5.69 mm qallmax = P / A + (6*M / B2) qallmax = 90.85 b= 0.73 e = 1.1209892 1.5 kN Net Weight: 279.20 0.32 2.898 -14.0344 1.02 ### FT ### 1.96 0.00 Fh1' 11.20 5.32 Fp 40.

00 0. qult = c Nc Sc bc +q Nq Cwq Sq bq dq + 0.00 0 0.00 0.5 g Bf ng Cwy Sy by c = W x f1 x f2 x Wx f1x f2x sum 0.00 0 0 0 0 0 .

54 2.12 2.000 773.8 -885.1 -943.53 2.5 .24 2062.000 234. W x f1 x f2 x Wx f1x f2x sum 117.666667 -442.

bh = 1. tt = 250 mm wall thickness at bottom.00 250 5950 450 2000 81.00 deg.50 m height of soil over toe. hp = 2. hw = 5. tb = 450 mm footing thickness. H = 5.00 kN/m3 unit weight of water. fy = 275. B = 4. cohesion (base). Ybb = 16. hGWT = 0.00 kN/m3 allowable soil bearing pressure. FSo = 1. Qall = 80.75 concrete cover for wall.50 desired factor of safety against sliding. ccf = 75. backfill slope (toe side).50 DIMENSIONS: wall thickness at top. Yw = 9.00 m total height of structure (hw + tf). Cb = 0.50 m toe width.17 0.70 m heel width. angle of internal friction (base). Yc = 24.00 kN/m3 specific weight of soil below ground water (backfill).90 for shear.00 mm concrete cover for foorting. for flexure.00 kPa MATERIAL PROPERTIES: minimum compressive strength of concrete. βt = 0.65 m . ccw = 50. Øb = 26. FSS = 1.00 Mpa reinforcement yielding strength.00 m height of ground water. 0. bt = 2.81 kN/m3 reinforcement diameter (wall) db = 16 mm reinforcement diameter (footing) db = 20 mm strength reduction factors.00 4650 4650 SOIL PROPERTIES: soil retained is active angle of internal friction (retained soil).00 kPa specific weight of soil above ground water (backfill).00 mm desired factor of safety against overturning.95 m base width (bt + bh + tb). Ø = 0. f'c = 21.00 deg. tf = 450 mm height of wall. Yba = 16.00 deg.00 deg.00 Mpa unit weight of concrete. Ø = 0. Ør = 26. backfill slope (heel side). βh = 0.95 37.

96 kN/m weight of surcharge.20 kN/m weight of footing.25) + 1.sin Ø (Rankine Theory) ko = 0.5) * 24 = 50.56 At rest lateral soil coefficient.(0.0.5 + (0.95 kPa weight of structure. Pp = kp * Yba * hp = 81.tp) + bh)/2) * Yb Wsh = 5.5 = 0.45 + 1. Wsu = qs * b h Wsu = 0 * 1.00 kPa Lateral soil pressure (toe side).cos2 Ø)1/2 ka = cos β * (Rankine Theory) cos β + (cos2 β .00 37.cos2 Ø)1/2 ka = 0. ko = 1 .95 Fh1' 0.25 + 0.5)/2) * 16 = 140. Ww = (tt + tb)/2 * hw * Yc Ww = (0.5 * 24) = 46.22 kN/m weight of soil at heel side.80 kN/m weight of soil at toe side.00 Fh2 Fh3 Fp 2.00 kPa Lateral pressure due to ground water.00 81.hgwt) = 37. Wst = bt * (hp .7 * (2 . PGWT = hGWT * Yw = 0.45) * 5.17 0.45 * (2.00 0.LOADING CALCULATION: surcharge load at heel.cos2 Ø)1/2 kp = cos β * (Rankine Theory) cos β .5 * (0.(cos2 β .5 * (1.tf) * Yb Wst = 2. Pa2 = ka * Y' * hgwt = 0. qs = 0. cos β .45) * 16 = 66.(cos2 β .00 kPa Lateral pressure due to surcharge. Pa1 = ka * Yba * (H . Wsh = hw * (bh + (tb .00 . Wf = tf * (bt + tb + bh) * Yc Wf = 0.00 kN/m lateral forces computation -consider 1m strip Fh1 Fsu 5.39 Passive lateral pressure coefficient.00 kPa Active lateral pressure coefficient. surcharge and soil retained -consider 1m strip weight of wall.7 + 0.95 0. cos β + (cos2 β .45 .17 kPa Lateral soil pressure below ground water (heel side).cos2 Ø)1/2 kp = 2.56 Lateral soil pressure above ground water (heel side). Ps = ka * qs * H = 0.

00 kN/m Lateral force due to ground water (heel side).01 SAFE against overturning desired factor of safety against overturning.15/4.65 m total vertical forces.00 Wsh 140.90 0 1.5 = 0.98 ### .50 check for soil bearing capacity total base length.6 * Wst 0 0. Qall = 80.00 3.00 kN/m Lateral force due to surcharge (heel side).00 0 1.2 * Ww 55. qmin = 304.7 350.00 Wst 66.00 kN/m Lateral soil force below ground water (heel side). OM = 219.65) qmax = 78.35 108.933 1. WT = 304.89 880. Fsu = Ps * hgwt Fsu = 0*0 = 0.5 = 110.59 kN factor of safety against sliding.00 kN/m Lateral soil force (toe side).6e/B).2 * Wsh 169 650.84 Fsu 0.00 0 1.6 * Wf 0 0.32 Fh2 0.82 SAFE against sliding desired factor of safety against sliding.17 * 0 = 0. B = 4.6 * Wf 0 0.6 * Wsh 0 0. Fp = (Pp * hp)/2 Fp = 81.OM MT = 661.15/4. FSo = 1. ### 1056.16 kN-m eccentricity from middle of base.50 check structure against sliding sum of resisting lateral forces FR = (WT * tan Øb) + Fp + (Cb * B) FR = 312.00 Fp 163.18/4.67 Fh1 110.58 FT 110.00 0 0 1.98 0 1.18 2.65) qmin = 52.33 1.(MT/WT) e = 0.95 * 2 = 163.95 .00 WT 304.hgwt))/2 Fh1 = (37.67 109.325 116.08 since qmax < allowable therefore SAFE! allowable soil bearing pressure. ### ### surcharge passive force factored loads factored loads F y Fy load factors yW yWx F y Fy load factors yW yWx Wsu 0.11 Fh1' 0.93 Wf 50. Fh2 = (Pa2 * hgwt)/2 Fh2 = (0 * 0) * 0.59 kN/m Fh1' = Pa1 * hgwt Fh1' = 37.6 * 0.272 1.96 1.65 * (1 + 6 * 0. Fh1 = (Pa1 * (H .27 kN sum of sliding lateral forces FT = 110.17 * (5. water and surcharge factored loads factored loads W x Wx load factors yW yWx F y Fy load factors yW yWx Ww 46.59 1.44 157.395 1.00 check structure against overturning resisting moment.6 * Ww 132.75 since qmax < allowable therefore SAFE! allowable soil bearing pressure.5 = 0.48 Fh3 0.00 kPa qmin = WT/B * (1 .00 2. FS = RM / OM FS = 4.91 0.49 . Qall = 80.18 kN net moment moment.6 * Wf 0 0.85 541.0) * 0.26 140.15 mm solving for bearing capacity qmax = WT/B * (1 + 6e/B). qmax = 304.22 2.762 1.98 219.18/4. FSS = 1.35 90. RM = 880.65 * (1 .84 131. e = B/2 .6 * Fp 197 174.20 2.91 kN/m STABILITY CHECK: righting moments overturning moments weight of structure. MT = RM .49 kN-m overturning moment.00 0. surcharge and soil retained lateral forces of soil.396 1.00 0.00 kPa no uplift . Fh3 = (PGWT * hgwt)/2 Fh3 = (0 * 0) * 0.2 * Wst 80.59 1.Lateral soil force above ground water (heel side).2 * Wf 60. FS = FR / FT FS = 2.80 3.33 kN-m factor of safety against overturning.

S = 75 mm therefore use spacing 16mmØ @ 75mm reinforcement design at wall (horizontal).002 As = ρ*b*d As = 784 mm2 s = 256.17 * Ø * λ * (√f'c) * b * d Vc = 213.85 * f'c))) ρ = 0.85 * f'c))) ρ = 0. s = 88.002 therefore use.26 kN (ACI 318M-14. Wb = 1.75 * (0.85 * f'c)/fy * (1 .61963 mm2 reinforcement spacing.49 kN V = Wh + Wb + Ws .65 f2 = qUMin * bh f2 = 58.50 f1 = (p' * bh)/2 f1 = 19.5.1) adequate! calculating maximum moment at wall base.04 kN (ACI 318M-14. Mu = 1.6H .85 * f'c)/fy * (1 . Wh = 1.11 kN 4. d = 292 mm therefore use. ρ = 0. eqn. V = 132.52 mm use.49 kPa 1.95 kN-m reinforcement design at heel side (footing). 22.31 kN-m reinforcement design at wall (vertical).005825 As = ρ*b*d As = 2283.1.6 * qs * bh p' f2 Ws = 0.75 * (0.85 * f'c)/fy * (600/(600+fy) ρmax = 0. ρ = 0. Vc = 0.0333818 OK! ρmin = 0.6L Mu = 211.5. S = 300 mm therefore use spacing 20mmØ @ 300mm . check for shear capacity heel footing effective depth of heel.46 mm use.70 kN shear capacity of concrete.44 kN Wh + Wb + Ws weight of soil retained.05 mm use.85 * f'c)/fy * (600/(600+fy) ρmax = 0.6Hp + 1.67 Mpa ρ = (0.2 * Yc * bh * tf Wh = 19.2 * Yb * bh * hw Wb = 158. 22.002 therefore use. y = 0. d = 365 mm ultimate bearing pressures: selfweight of heel.80 m Mu = V*y Mu = 79.00 39.53 Mpa ρ = (0. S = 250 mm therefore use spacing 16mmØ @ 250mm CALCULATING REINFORCEMENT FOR HEEL FOOTING. Vc = 0. check for shear capacity at wall base.√1 . moment arm. ρ = 0.00 f1 pressure change. Ru = Mu / (Ø * b * d2) Ru = 0.17 * Ø * λ * (√f'c) * b * d Vc = 229.4029 mm2 reinforcement spacing.f1 .00 kN 118. effective depth of wall base.f2 V = 100. s = 346. d = 392 mm calculated shear at base. p' = (qUMax .((2 * Ru)/(0.002484 As = ρ*b*d As = 906. Ru = Mu / (Ø * b * d2) Ru = 1.0333818 OK! ρmin = 0.((2 * Ru)/(0.√1 .1) adequate! calculating maximum moment in heel footing.005825 ρmax = 0. eqn.23 kN shear capacity of concrete.5.qUMin) * bh/B p' = 25. Ws = 1.5.0024839 ρmax = 0.REINFORCEMENT DESIGN (STRUCTURE): CALCULATING REINFORCEMENT FOR WALL.40 kN weight of surcharge.

22. p' = (qUMax .78 mm use.2 * Yb * bt * hp Wb = 103.002 therefore use.85 * f'c)/fy * (1 .70 V = Wh + Wb .5.17 kN-m reinforcement design at heel side (footing).√1 . eqn.59 m Mu = V*y Mu = 187.85 * f'c)/fy * (600/(600+fy) ρmax = 0. S = 125 mm therefore use spacing 20mmØ @ 125mm . Wt = 1. y = 1.5. d = 365 mm ultimate bearing pressures: selfweight of toe.((2 * Ru)/(0. check for shear capacity heel footing effective depth of heel.75 * (0.93 kN 118.65 Vc = 0.p') * bt f2 = 194.85 * f'c))) ρ = 0.9159 mm2 reinforcement spacing.qUMin) * bT/B f2 p' = 45.005945 As = ρ*b*d As = 2169.74 kN 2.00 f2 = (qUMax .87 kPa p' 39.f2 V = 118. ρ = 0.17 * Ø * λ * (√f'c) * b * d Vc = 213.0333818 OK! ρmin = 0.00 f1 f1 = (p' * bt)/2 f1 = 61.f1 . moment arm.2 * Yc * bt * tf Wt = 34.CALCULATING REINFORCEMENT FOR TOE FOOTING. s = 144.1) adequate! calculating maximum moment in heel footing.99 kN Wt + Wb Wb = 1.68 kN pressure change.005945 ρmax = 0.00 kN 4. Ru = Mu / (Ø * b * d2) Ru = 1.56 Mpa ρ = (0.26 kN (ACI 318M-14.

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