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Verbal Ability Test Sheet (28th May 2017- FSFG(First step for Goal)): Q1. Directions: Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions. The subject “Good Governance” is both topical and timely. It is an axiom of political science that a State comes into being for life but it exists for good life. The duty of the state is not only to protect life and liberty but goes further, to enable the people to live in a measure of physical and mental comfort. Democracy is a government by the citizens themselves. The people should realise that they are responsible for choosing the right and proper persons to represent them in national affairs. In colonial administration the government was different from the people. Those governments ruled but without the consent and concurrence of the people. This old concept still persists in the masses today. They do not realise that the general election is the occasion for them to choose a government for themselves. On the contrary, the masses feel that the franchise is a patronage to be conferred on their kith and kin, or the local candidate, or one of their caste and religious fraternity. In mature democracies, a person who changes his party affiliation or crosses the floor, seldom gets re-elected by the electorate. They do not trust him to stand firm by the policies and programmes proposed by him. In India a person who was in the Congress Government and immediately thereafter in the Janata Government and then in Chandrashekhar Government was re-elected and came once again into the Congress Government! The electorate votes for a criminal or a corrupt candidate, and bemoans that the country has a bad government. The electorate does not realise that even as it contributes to its own household expenditure, it has to contribute to the country’s governance. It is easily misled by the unscrupulous promises of political parties of free food, free clothes, free electricity, free everything. Even enlightened people plead for tax concessions, subsidies and incentives oblivious of the fact that they are met by borrowings which in turn impose burdens indirectly on themselves. Besides, in a true democracy, the people voluntarily observe the laws, rules and regulations as they are forged by themselves in the interest of good governance. It is only because 90% of the people abide by the laws and 10% transgress them that the state is able to maintain order and harmony. If the situation were reversed with 90% transgressing the law and 10% abiding by it, there can be no organised society, no peace and harmony. Some of the advanced countries, notably Switzerland, have perhaps the highest degree of compliance. A mere board stating that the road is closed will be complied with by almost 100% of the people. 1. Which of the following is supposed to be the most relevant duty of the state? 1) to ensure sovereignty of the region 2) to ensure prosperity of the region 3) to look after the welfare of its people 4) to develop better terms with other nations 5) None of these 2. What is the basic difference between democracy and colonial rule? 1) In a democracy, people’s will prevails, whereas in a colonial rule, ruler’s will prevails. 2) Democracy is a rule by different parties whereas a colonial rule is a single- party rule. 3) Democracy can be opposed by the people but such is not the case with colonial rule. 4) A colonial rule can be converted into a democracy but the same cannot happen with a democracy. 5) None of these 3. If the people want to have a responsible government in a democracy 1) they must call for free and fair elections. 2) they should take charge of the elections. 3) they should elect educated and experienced representatives. 4) they should look for single-party rule. 5) they should elect desirable candidates. 4. Why does a person changing his party find it hard to get re-elected in mature democracies? 1) Because political parties suspect his fidelity. 2) Because he loses his image in the political circle. 3) Because his eligibility for fighting elections gets questioned. 4) Because he has to depend upon the stand of his new party. 5) None of these 5. In a country like India, who is mainly responsible for good or bad governance? 1) The system of electing our representatives 2) The political parties 3) The voters 4) The political party in power 5) None of these 6. Which of the following is true in the context of the passage? 1) Good governance is related to the welfare of the people. 2) We have a mature democracy in India. 3) The leaders who change parties face hurdles in getting re-elected in our country. 4) Colonial rule was much better than the present democracy. 5) None of these 7. What makes Switzerland a successful democracy? 1) Clear instructions regarding public concerns marked on boards, even on roadsides 2) High rate of literacy among the populace 3) Law-abiding citizens 4) Governance with a mission 5) None of these 8. Which of the following suggestions may not be necessary to make India a mature democracy? 1) The voters should elect candidates with clean image. 2) The voters should not entertain candidates who frequently change their party and ideology. 3) The voters should shun their narrow interests while voting for their candidates. 4) The people should respect the law of the land. 5) None of these 9. With which stream does the author seem to be related? 1) Sociology 2) History 3) Political Science 4) Constitution of India 5) None of these Directions : Choose the word which is the same in meaning as the word given in bold as used in the passage. 10. CONCURRENCE 1) satisfaction 2) agreement 3) participation 4) loyalty 5) dependence 11. FRATERNITY 1) society 2) groups 3) background 4) ethnicity 5) brotherhood Q 2. Spot the errors: 1. A free press is not a privilege (a) / but the organic necessity (b) / in a free society (c) / No error (d) 2. Where he (a) / to see you, (b) / he would have been surprised. (c) / No error. (d) 3. The number of marks carried by each questions (a) / are indicated (b) / at the end of the question. (c) / No error (d) 4. It is tme (a) / we did something (b) / to stop road accidents (c) / No error. (d) 5. An animal (a) / can be just as unhappy in a vast area (b) / or in a small one. (c) / No error (d) 6. This is an excellent site (a) / for a stadium (b) / and which we should like to acquire (c) / No error (d) 7. If you absent from (a) / college your name is likely (b) / to be struck off the rolls (c) / No error (d) 8. When I lived in England (a) / it was natural for me (b) / to speak a lot of English. (c) / No error (d) 9. Neither he is (a) / nor his wife is (b) / coming. (c)/ No error (d). Q 3. Fill in the blanks with best suitable match: 1. The car broke down and we ____ get a taxi. (1) were to (2) are to (3) had to (4) have to 2. Our rich culture inspires us to take ____ in our heritage. (1) prided (2) proudly (3) pride (4) proud 3. He will not work ____ he is compelled. (1) till (2) if (3) after (4) unless 4. The teacher said disappointedly. ‘’There is ____ in my class who can solve this problem.’’ (1) anybody (2) somebody (3) everybody (4) nobody 5. He said I ____ use his car whenever I wanted. (1) could (2) can (3) will (4) would 6. Did the child ____ from the chair? (1) fell (2) fallen (3) falling (4) fall 7. Do you ____ to see my collections? (1) cared (2) like (3) want (4) got 8. After initial setback, all ____ programmes were successful due to the initiative of the new dynamic team. (1) consequent (2) subsequently (3) consequently (4) subsequent 9. Bread is usually made ____ wheat. (1) of (2) from (3) with (4) by 10. He ____ his living by hard work. (1) earns (2) wins (3) creates (4) ables Q 4. Choose the best suitable match for “BOLD” portion: 1.Fishing and swimming are two different activities, independence of one another. (a) independent of the other (b) independence of the other (c) independent of each other (d) interdependence on each other (e) No correction required 2.An early action on our suggestion, preferably before the elections are announced, will be appreciative. (a) would be appreciate (b) would have been appreciate (c) would have been appreciated (d) will be appreciated (e) No correction required 3.He is the man whose advice is difficult in following. (a) advice is not easy in following (b) advice is difficult to follow (c) advice has difficult to follow (d) advice has difficulty to follow (e) No correction required 4.He told me that he only had a little money. (a) tells me that he only has a little (b) told me that only he has a little (c) only told me that he has little (d) told me that he had only a little (e) No correction required 5.You must ensure that I get my cheque encash before Saturday. (a) my cheque cashed (b) cash my cheque (c) my cheque cash (d) encash my cheque (e) No correction required 6.He persevered and succeeded to the face of all obstacles (a) in facing all the (b) to all the face of (c) by the face of all (d) at the face of the all (e) No correction required 7.The quality of services provided by them has not been effectively monitored. (a) has not being effective in monitoring (b) have not been effectively monitored (c) has not being effectively monitored (d) is not being effective in monitoring (e) No correction required 8.We appreciate your resourcefulness in effectively handling considerable difficult exercises. (a) considerable difficulty (b) considerably difficult (c) considered difficulty (d) considerably and difficulty (e) No correction required 9.The Chairman approved the recommendations of the committee with partiality modifications. (a) by partially modified (b) with partial modifications (c) with partial modifies (d) by partially modifying (e) No correction required 10.The possible market where the product can sold depends upon several considerations including the tastes, likes, dislikes, etc. of the inhabitants. (a) produce can sold (b) product can sale (c) product can be sold (d) product can be selling (e) No correction required NOTE: Answers will be disclosed at 9 P.M. today.