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Revised Syllabus Structure

T. Y. B. Tech (Electronics and Telecommunication)

w.e.f 01/07/2008
Sr. Course Subject Title Contact Hours Credits
No Code
01 ET 301 Random Signals & Stochastic 3 1 -- 4
02 ET 302 Digital Communication Systems 4 -- -- 4
03 ET 303 Computer Organization and Advanced 4 -- -- 4
04 ET 304 Power Electronics 4 -- -- 4
05 ET 305 Digital Signal Processing 3 1 -- 4
06 ET 306 Digital Communication Systems Lab -- -- 2 1
07 ET 307 Computer Organization and Advanced -- -- 2 1
Microprocessors Lab
08 ET 308 Power Electronics Lab -- -- 2 1
09 ET 309 Digital Signal Processing Lab -- -- 2 1
Total 18 2 8 24

II Semester
Sr. Course Subject Title Contact Hours Credits
No Code
01 ET 310 Coding Techniques in Communication 4 -- -- 4
02 ET 311 Electromagnetic Waves 3 1 -- 4
03 ET 312 Electronic Measurements 4 -- -- 4
04 ET 313 Electronic Design and Mini Project 2 -- 4 4
05 ET 314 Coding Techniques in Communication -- -- 2 1
Systems Lab
06 ET 315 Electronic Measurements Lab -- -- 2 1
07 Institute level elective for E & TC 3 -- -- 3
07 ** Data Communication 3 -- -- 3
Total 16 1 8 21

** Institute level elective being offered by E & Tc Department for other department
ET 301 Random Signals & Stochastic Processes
Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme
Lectures : 3 hrs/week Mid-Sem – 30, Assignments, Quiz -20
Tutorial : 1 hr/week End-Sem Exam- 50.

Unit 1 (06)
Introduction to probability, sets, fields, events, Axiomatic definition of probability,
Joint, Conditional and Total Probabilities, Bayes’ theorem and applications.

Unit 2 (06)
Introduction and Definition of a Random Variables, Probability / Cumulative
Distribution Function, Probability Density Functions, Conditional and joint
distributions and densities, Functions of Random Variables.

Unit 3 (06)
Expectation and introduction to estimation: Conditional Expectations, Moments,
Chebyshev and Schwarz Inequalities, Characteristic Functions.

Unit 4 (06)
Basic Definitions and Important Random Processes, Useful classifications of
Random Processes.

Unit 5 (06)
Random Sequences and Linear systems, Wide Sense Stationary Random
Sequences, Markov Random Sequences (ARMA Models, Markov Chains),
Convergence of Random Sequences. .

Unit 6 (04)
Applications to statistical Signal Processing, Introduction of Adaptive Digital

Text Books
1. Henry Stark, John W. Woods, “Probability and Random Processes with
Applications to Signal Processing”, Third Edition, Pearson Education

Reference Book
1. Athanasios Papoulis, S. Unnikrishna Pillai, “Probability, Random Variables and
Stochastic Processes”, Fourth Edition, Tata Mc. Graw-Hill

ET 302 Digital Communication Systems

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme

Lectures : 4 Mid-Sem – 30, Assignments, Quiz -20
Tutorial : --- End-Sem Exam- 50.

Unit 1 (08)
Digital base band modulation and Waveform coding techniques:
Advantages of digital communication techniques, Sampling theorem, Practical
difficulties in signal reconstruction, Aliasing effect, Pulse code modulation (PCM),
Uniform and non-uniform quantization, Companded PCM, Bandwidth and output
SNR analysis of PCM.

Unit 2 (08)
Derivatives of PCM
Differential PCM, DPCM transmitter and receiver, Delta modulation (DM), Adaptive
delta modulation (ADM), performance comparison of the above systems with PCM.

Unit 3 (08)
Digital data transmission systems and transmission media:
Line coding, Pulse shaping, Scrambling, Regenerative repeater, M-ary
communication, Digital carrier systems, Digital multiplexing, Transmission media-
wired and wireless.

Unit 4 (08)
Base band demodulation techniques:
Signals and noise, Detection of binary signals in Gaussian Noise, Detection error
Probability for polar, on-off and bipolar signals, Inter-symbol interference, Eye
pattern, Equalization.

Unit 5 (08)
Bandpass modulation and demodulation techniques:
Digital Band pass Modulation techniques (all shift-keying techniques), Detection of
signals in Gaussian noise, Coherent detection, Non coherent detection, Complex
envelop, Error performance for Binary system, M-Ary signaling and performance,
Symbol error performance for M-ary Systems, Bit error Rate calculations.. .

Unit 6 (08)
Spread Spectrum techniques:
Spread Spectrum Overview, Pseudo-noise (PN) sequences, Direct-Sequence
Spread Spectrum (DSSS) systems, Frequency hopping systems,
Synchronization, Jamming considerations, Orthogonality between
codes, Multiple access techniques i.e., FDMA, TDMA, CDMA.
Commercial applications of Spread Spectrum - Cellular systems and GPS.

Text Books
1. Bernard Sklar, “Digital Communications - Fundamentals and
Applications”, Pearson Education Asia .
2. B.P.Lathi, “Modern Digital and Analog Communication Systems”, (Third
edition), Oxford University press.

Reference Book
1. Simon Haykin, “Digital Communication”, Wiley Eastern.
2. Leon W. Couch II, “Modern Communication Systems (Principles and
applications)”, Eastern Economic Edition.
3. Bruce Carlson, “Communication systems”, TMH.

ET 303 Computer Organization and Advanced Microprocessors

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme

Lectures : 4 hrs/week Mid-Sem – 30, Assignments, Quiz -20
Tutorial : ---- End-Sem Exam- 50.

Unit 1 (06)
Introduction to computer organization
Architecture and function of general computer system, CISC Vs RISC, Data types,
Integer Arithmetic, Fixed point representation and arithmetic, Control unit operation,
Hardware implementation of CPU with Micro instruction, Microprogramming,
System buses, Multi-bus organization

Unit 2 (06)
Memory organization
System memory, Cache memory, types and organization, Virtual memory and its
implementation, Addressable and extendable, dual port memory, Memory
management unit

Unit 3 (08)
Input–output Organization
Accessing I/O devices, Direct Memory Access and DMA controller, Interrupts and
Interrupt Controllers, Arbitration, Multilevel Bus Architecture, Single Board
Computers. Evolution of buses - ISA, EISA, VME, PCI, PCMCIA.

Unit 4 (08)
Introduction to 16, 32 and 64 bit microprocessors
Comparison of features, Generic methods to improve speed of execution,
Microprocessor evolution - INTEL 8086 to Pentium with focus on - Clock speed,
Concurrent operation of EU and BIU, Segmentation, Instruction set of 8086 and
programming examples

Unit 5 (08)
Advanced microprocessors
Introduction, Internal architecture, Real, Protected mode operation, Mode switching,
Memory addressing in protected mode, Virtual memory, Multitasking, Memory
protection, Task switching, Task state segment, Virtual 8086 mode .

Unit 6 (06)
PC hardware
Mother board, VGA Display adapter, MOUSE, Keyboard interface, Hard disk data
organization, CD ROM interface, Ports - Serial, Parallel, USB.

Text Books
V. Carl, Zvonko G., Safwat G.Zaky, “Computer organization”, McGraw-Hill,
international Edition
Barry Brey & C.R. Sarma, “The intel microprocessors”, Pearson Education

Reference Book
William Stalling, “Computer organization”, PHI, Fourth Edition
N. Mathivanan, “Microprocessors, PC Hardware and Interaction”, Prentice Hall
1. Yu-Cheng Lieu & Glenn A. Gibson, “Microcomputer Systems: The
8086/8088 Family”, Prentice Hall India.
2. John Uffenbeck, “The 8086/8088 Design, Programming, Interfacing”,
Prentice Hall India.
3. B. Govindarajalu, “IBM PC and Clones”, Tata McGraw Hill, Second Edition.
4. Peter Able, “8086 Assembly Language Programming”, Prentice Hall India.

ET 304 Power Electronics

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme

Lectures : 4 hrs/week Mid-Sem – 30, Assignments, Quiz -20
Tutorial : ------ End-Sem Exam- 50.

Unit 1 (08)
Characteristics of Semiconductor Power Devices:
Thyristor, power MOSFET and IGBT. Treatment should consist of structure,
Characteristics, operation, ratings, protections and thermal considerations. Brief
introduction to power devices viz. TRIAC, DIAC, MOS controlled thyristor (MCT),
Power Integrated Circuit (PIC) (Smart Power), TOP Switch. Series and parallel
operation of power devices, Tiggering/Driver, commutation and snubber circuits for
thyritor, power MOSFETs and IGBTs (discrete and IC based). Commutation circuits
for SCRs namely complementary voltage (class C), auxiliary current(class D) and
auxiliary voltage(class D). Turn on and turn off snubber for thyristor and IGBT.
Concept of fast recovery and schottky diodes as freewheeling and feedback diode.

Unit 2 (08)
Controlled Rectifiers
Single phase: study of semi and full bridge converters for R, RL ,RLE and level
loads. Analysis of load voltage and input current. Derivations of load form factor and
ripple factor, Input current Fourier analysis of input current to derive input supply
power factor, displacement factor and harmonic factor. Other power factor
improvement methods. Effect of source impedance.

Unit 3 (05)
Quadrant operations of Type A , Type B, Type C , Type D and type E choppers.
Control techniques for choppers – TRC and CLC Detailed analysis of Type A
chopper. Step up chopper.

Unit 4 (08)
Single-phase inverters:
Principle of operation of full bridge, square wave quasi-square wave PWM inverters
and comparison of their performance. Driver circuits for above inverters and
mathematical analysis of output (Fourier series), voltage and harmonic control at
output of inverter (Fourier analysis of output voltage). Filters at the output of
inverters. Single phase current source inverters.

Unit 5 (06)
Switching Power Supplies:
Analysis of fly back, forward and full bridge converters for SMPS, Resonant
converters - need, concept of soft switching, switching trajectory and SOAR,
advantages of ZVS and ZCS. Load resonant converter - series loaded half bridge
DC-DC converter.

Unit 6 (07)
Power line disturbances, EMI/EMC, power conditioners,Block diagram and
configuration of UPS, salient features of UPS, selection of battery and charger
ratings, sizing of UPS, PM Stepper motor Drives, Switched reluctance Motor or
variable reluctance stepper motor drive, Electronic ballast for fluorescent lighting.
Active power filters.

Text Books
1. V.R.Moorthi, “Power Electronics”, Oxford University Press.
2. Ned Mohan, Robbins, “Power electronics”, edition III, John Wiley and
3. P.C. Sen., “Modern Power Electronics”, edition II, S.Chand & Co.

Reference Book
1. Cyril W., Lander,” Power Electronics”, edition III,McGraw Hill.
2. SCR manual from GE, USA.
3. Muhammad H. Rashid, “Power electronics” Prentice Hall of India.

ET 305 Digital Signal Processing

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme

Lectures : 3 hrs/week Mid-Sem – 30, Assignments, Quiz -20
Tutorial : 1 hr/week End-Sem Exam- 50.

Unit 1 (07)
Basic Elements Of DSP And Its Requirements, Advantages Of Digital Over Analog
Signal Processing, Properties Of LTI Systems, Causality, Impulse Response,
Sequences, Sampling And Reconstruction Of Signals, Pole Zero Analysis.

Unit 2 (07)
DFT, Properties, IDF, Linear Filtering Methods Based On DFT, FFT Algorithms,
Goertzel Algorithm, Linear Convolution, Circular Convolution. Applications Of FFT,
Applications Of DSP To Speech And Voice Processing, EEG, ECG, Radar Signal

Unit 3 (07)
Symmetric And Antisymmetric FIR Filters, Design Of FIR Digital Filters Window
Method, Park-Mc Lellan’s Method, Frequency Sampling Methods, Alternation
Theorem In Equiripple Linear Phase FIR Filters, FIR Differentiators, FIR Filter
Structures - Direct Form Structures, Cascade Form Structures, Frequency –
Sampling Structures, Digital Sinusoidal Generator.

Unit 4 (07)
Design Of Iir Digital Filter Methods Like, Approximation Of Derivatives, Impulse
Invariance, Bilinear Transformation, Characteristics Of Butterworth, Chebyshev,
Frequency Transformations, Iir Filter Structures Like Direct Form, Parallel Form,
Lattice And Lattice –Ladder Structures, Effect Of Finite Register Length In Fir Filter

Unit 5 (07)
Introduction, Concepts Of Multirate Digital Signal Processing, Design Of Practical
Sampling Rate Converters, Polyphase Structures, Multistage Implementation Of
Sampling Rate Conversion, Quadrature Mirror Filters, Application Examples.

Text Books
1. J.G.Proakis, D.G.Manolikis, “Digital Signal Processing”, edition II, PHI.
2. Ifeachor, Jervis, “Digital Signal Processing “, edition I, Pearson
Reference Book
1. J.G.Proakis, D.G.Manolikis, “Digital Signal Processing”, edition II, PHI.
2. Ifeachor, Jervis, “Digital Signal Processing “, edition I, Pearson

ET 306 Digital Communication Systems Lab

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme

Practical: 2hrs/week Practical: 50 Marks
Term work: 50 Marks
1. Sampling & reconstruction.
2. Linear PCM system
3. Differential PCM system.
4. Delta Modulation system.
5. Adaptive Delta Modulation system.
6. Companded PCM ( A law & µ law).
7. Data formatting.
8. Shift Keying Techniques- ASK & FSK.
9. Shift Keying Techniques- BPSK & QPSK.
10. Study of Stochastic Process.
11. Spread Spectrum Techniques.

ET 307 Computer Organization and Advanced Microprocessors Lab

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme

Practical: 2hrs/week Practical: 50 Marks
Term work: 50 Marks

Based on Computer Organization, HDL based assignments for implementation of

1. Fast mulitipliers, dividing circuits etc.
2. ALU with minimum 10 arithmetic and logical operations
3. Floating point addition and subtraction
4. FSM implementation of Memory controller
5. Instruction Decoder for pseudo instruction set

Based on Assembly Language Programming of x86 family processors:

1. Arithmetic operations on unsigned and signed numbers [BCD packed,
unpacked nos]
2. File handling, creation, reading, writing
3. Terminate and Stay Resident programs
4. VGA programming – text and graphics modes
5. Interfacing ADC/ DAC using serial & parallel ports
6. PC to PC communication

ET 308 Power Electronics Lab

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme

Practical: 2hrs/week Practical: 50 Marks
Term work: 50 Marks

Any Eight Experiments to be conducted in laboratory for conduction of practical

1. Study of Power Devices and its characteristics: SCR, Triac, UJT, Power
2. Study of R, RC, UJT triggering methods for a SCR.
3. Measurement of Latching and Holding current of SCR.
4. Study of dv/dt limitation circuits for power devices.
5. Commutation methods: class C and class D
6. SCR converters and reactive loads.
7. Line commutated converters: Inverter operation and measurement of
overlap angle.
8. Parallel capacitor commutated (Type A/Class D) chopper.
9. Study of two quadrant Type C/Type D or study of four quadrant Type E
10. Single phase PWM inverter: measurement of frequency Vs output for
resistive and inductive loads.
11. Design of SMPS and regulation characteristics of SMPS
12. Regulation characteristics of DDC Motor, demonstration of ramp up/ ramp
down and field failure protection.
13. Three phase diode bridge rectifier.
14. Applications in power electronics
Crowbar circuit, lamp dimmer and fan control circuit, stabilizer,
15. Mini Project: design of complete system in power electronics
Viz. – Converters, Inverters, SMPS, Resonant converters, UPS, AC/DC
Drives, Chopper, Stepper Motor control etc.

ET 309 Digital Signal Processing Lab

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme

Practical: 2hrs/week Oral: 50 Marks
Term work: 50 Marks

1. Generation of Analog Signals using C and MATLAB

2. Generation of Discrete sequences in C and MATLAB
3. Verification of linear convolution in C and MATLAB using two finite
4. Programming for circular convolution in C and MATLAB
5. Generation of signal. Generate a noise signal. Mix both the signals. Design
a Filter. Recovery of original signal using filter.
6. Design of FIR filter in C and MATLAB
8. Design of IIR filter in C and MATLAB
Semester II

ET 310 Coding Techniques in Communication Systems

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme

Lectures : 4 hrs/week Mid-Sem – 30, Assignments, Quiz -20
Tutorial : ---- End-Sem Exam- 50.

Unit 1 ((07)
Information and Source Coding for discrete sources:
Mathematical models for Information, A Logarithmic Measure of Information:
Average and Mutual Information, Entropy, Coding for Discrete Sources-Coding for
Discrete Memory-less Sources, Discrete Stationary Sources, Shanon-Fano &
Huffman algorithms.

Unit 2 (0 7 )
Coding for analog sources:
Information Measures for continuous Random Variables, Coding for Analog Source:
Rate distortion function, Distortion rate function, Scalar quantization, Vector
quantization, Coding techniques taxonomy.

Unit 3 (07)
Channel coding:
Channel models, Channel capacity, Introduction to channel coding, Linear block
codes, Error correction and detection capability, Usefulness of the standard array,
Cyclic codes, Block codes examples such as Hamming codes, Golay codes.

Unit 4 (07 )
Convolutional codes:
Convolutional encoding, , Trellis coded Modulation, Formulation of the convolution
decoding problem, Properties of Convolutional codes, Convolutional-decoding
algorithms such as Viterbi, Sequential.

Unit 5 (07 )
Advanced Channel coding:
Reed-Solomon codes, Interleaving and Concatenated codes, Coding and
interleaving applied to the compact Disc, Bose-Choudury-Hocquenghem Codes

Unit 6 (0 5 )
Fundamentals of statistical Decision theory:
Bayes theorem, Decision theory, Signal decision example, Turbo codes
fundamentals, Introduction to fading multi path channels.

Text Books
1. Bernard Sklar, “Digital Communication: Fundamentals and Applications”,
Pearson Education Asia.
2. John G. Proakis, “Digital Communication”, Tata McGraw Hill.
3. Salvatore Gravano, “Introduction to Error Control Codes”, Oxford
University Press.
Reference Book
1. Simon Haykins, “Digital Communication”, edition II, Wiley.
2. B.P.Lathi, “Modern Digital and Analog Communication Systems”, edition
III, Oxford press.

ET 311 Electromagnetic Waves

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme

Lectures : 3 hrs/week Mid-Sem – 30, Assignments, Quiz -20
Tutorial : 1 hr/week End-Sem Exam- 50.

Unit 1 (0 7)
Maxwell's equations, TEM modes in a linear homogenous isotropic medium,
polarization, Pointing vector and power flow, TEM waves incident on a boundary ,
Snell's laws, wave propagation inside a conductor , skin depth, phase and group

Unit 2 (0 7)
Field analysis of guided TEM modes (transmission lines), characteristic
impedance, voltage and current relationships, impedance discontinuities and
standing waves,

Unit 3 (07 )
Smith chart, impedance matching, pulse propagation in transmission lines, lossy

Unit 4 (0 7)
Field analysis of guided non-TEM modes (rectangular and cylindrical
waveguides), quantization of modes by boundary conditions, mode cut-off
frequencies, dispersion relation, field patterns, power flow, orthogonality of
modes, excitation of waveguide modes by coaxial cables, non-TEM modes in
coaxial cables

Unit 5 (0 7)
Electromagnetic radiation - inhomogeneous wave equation, solution by
potentials ,retarded potentials, radiation from a Hertzian dipole, formulation of the
antenna problem as an integral equation,

Unit 6 (07)
Antenna gain, radiation resistance, radiation pattern, antenna feed structures,
study of some standard antennas - dipole, array, aperture, horn, and optical.
Text Books
1. William Hayt Jr, John Buck, “Engineering Electromagnetics”, 6th ed TMH.
2. Nathan Ida, “Engineering Electromagnetics”, 2nd ed , Springer

Reference Books
1. Ramo, S., Whinnery J.R., and van Duzer, T, “Fields and Waves in
Communication Electronics”, 3rd ed., Wiley
2. Narayana Rao, N, “Engineering Electromagnetics”, 3rd ed., Prentice
3. R.E. Collin, “Foundations for Microwave Engineering”, 2nd ed., McGraw-

ET312 Electronic Measurements

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme

Lectures : 4 Mid-Sem – 30, Assignments, Quiz -20
Tutorial : -- End-Sem Exam- 50.

Unit 1 (06 )
Digital Voltmeter
Types of DVM, block diagram, specifications, operating principles; DMM, True rms
voltmeter. Statistical analysis.

Unit 2 (08 )
Block diagram of dual trace oscilloscope, Detail circuits for trigger section, time base
generator & delay line; specifications in detail; DSO, block diagram, specifications,
relationship among sampling freq. memory & signal freq.; High freq. Oscilloscopes.
DSO applications.

Unit 3 (08 )
Signal Sources
Function generator; Signal generator; pulse generator; video pattern generator;
Microwave signal generator; Freq. Synthesizer; Sweep generator; Tracking
generator, block diagram, specifications, features, applications

Unit 4 (06 )
Time & freq. Measurements
Digital freq. counter; time, freq, ratio & event measurements; Universal counter;
freq. & period modes. Design concepts, calculations, specifications, applications.

Unit 5 (0 8)
Signal Analyzers
Wave analyzer, Distortion analyzer; logic analyzer; Spectrum analyzer; Signature
analyzer; Vector network analyzer; communication analyzer, Block diagram,
specifications, features, applications.
Unit 6 (08 )
Standards & automation
CAT1, CAT2, CAT3 standards; Tracebility, calibration, certification; Inventory:
Automatic test equipment; Computer controlled instrumentation; I2C & CAN bus; self
calibration technique; Virtual instrumentation

Text Books
1. Oliver Cage “Electronic Measurement” , Mc_Graw Hill Inc.
2. Albert D. Helfrick, William D. Cooper, “Modern Electronic Instrumentation
& Measurement Techniques. Prentice Hall of India. Fifth print & onwards
Reference Book
1. Clyde F. Coombs, Jr. “Electronic Instrument Handbook” Mc_ Graw Hill
2. David A. Bell, “Electronic Instrumentation & Measurements”, PHI. 2nd
Edition Onwards
3. Different Websites on Electronic Measurements.

ET-313 Electronic Design and Mini Project

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme

Lectures : 2
Practicals :4hrs/week End-Sem Exam- 100. (Oral)

Unit 1 (06 )
Linear power supply:
Linear supplies for laboratory use with tracking and continuously variable output
voltages, multiple output, CV-CC modes, current boosting techniques, over
current/short circuit, over voltage, thermal protection, indication of V, I and mode of
operation on panel meter or seven segment display , SOA protection, heat sink
consideration, 50Hz transformer design thermal consideration for enclosure design,
design may use three pin IC packages preferably.

Unit 2 ((06)
Data acquisition and display system for industrial applications:
Sensing signals, isolation using galvanic, optical techniques, conditioning using
techniques like V to F, F to V converter ,chopper amplifier etc. Selection of suitable
instrumentation amplifier ADCs, indication of parameter using LED/LCD alpha
numeric DPM, analog meter, RS 485, Fiber optic link. System should include
circuits as RMS to DC converters, PLL, Programmable gain amplifier, multiplier.

Unit 3 (06 )
State machines:
State machines, Moore and Mealy Models, state diagram, ASM charts
implementation of next state decoder, output decoder using MSI, LSI devices like
multiplexers decoders, PLDs, fuse map generation, steps in design using PLDs,
assignment based on real life problems like traffic light control, elevator, drink
vending machine, design using HDL
Unit 4 (06 )
Designing radio frequency amplifier system:
Differences in design consideration from LF to RF system with stress on PCB
design, front-end RF preamplifier, mixer, impedance matching and insertion loss
concepts, neutralization and stability, detail design of IF amplifier and detector
stage, monolithic IC’s on mixer, IF amplifier ,detector with AGC.

Unit 5
Topic identification and title finalization. Project should cater to a small system
required in laboratory or real life ,should encompass components, devices, IC’s
analog or digital, micro controllers with which functional familiarity is introduced.
Project to be designed, tested on breadboard fabricated using CAD based PCB
software, with due considerations to mechanical aspects, for enclosure and control
panel design. A complete documentation in the form of project report is to be

Reference books
1. Motorola, “Linear / Switch mode power supplies”
2. “National Semiconductor regulator design manual.”
3. “Philips small signal and power transistor manual.”
4. “Motorola power Transistors & Thyristors data hand book.”
5. Texas instruments, “Linear interface and applications circuit design”
6. www.
7. www. (this tool.)
9. Franklin P. Prosser, David E. Winkel, “The art of digital design” ,(PHI),
10. Hill and Peterson, “Digital design”
11. Fletcher, “Introduction to digital design”
12. “Stephen Brown. Digital design using VHDL”
13. Tubay Grame & Huelsmann (student Edition-Burr Brown), “Operational
14. Sergio Franco, “Design with Operational amplifiers and analog integrated
circuits”,(IIIrd edition-TMH)
15. “PIC 16XX data book.”
16. “ATMEL micro controller data book.”
17. Peatman, “Micro controller system design”

ET 314 Coding Techniques in Communication Systems Lab

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme

Practical: 2hrs/week Practical: 50 Marks
Term work: 50 Marks
1. Entropy computation (Joint entropy, conditional entropy, self information and
mutual information).
2. Huffman and Shanon-fano coding scheme.
3. Linear Block codes: Encoding and Decoding.
4. Cyclic Codes: Encoding and Decoding (Hardware using dividing circuits).
5. Convolution coding scheme: Generation of Trellis Codes.
6. Convolution coding scheme: Generation of Viterbi Codes for the propose of
7. Generation of Reed and Solomon Codes.
8. Turbo Codes Generation.

*The programming can be done using C, C++ and MATLAB software. The
hardware implementations can be done using digital circuitry.

ET 315 Electronic Measurements Lab

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme

Practical: 2hrs/week Practical: 50 Marks
Term work: 50 Marks

1. Calibration of voltage/current measuring instruments using Standard V / I

2. To study special features of HF sampling DSO like storage, cursor
measurements, zoom & mathematical abilities, transient & glitch capture,
advanced trigger & sweep modes etc.
3. Study of Arbitrary Waveform generator.
4. Study of Network Analyzer for analyzing characteristics of typical two port
RF device.
5. Analysis of waveforms in frequency domain using spectrum analyzer and
RF synthesized sweeper (for sine, square, AM, FM etc.).
6. Analyzing Recorder.
7. Distortion Factor meter.
8. Logic Analyzer.
9. LCR Q meter ( Analog and Digital models).
10. Arbitrary Waveform Generator – PC interfacing.
11. Spectrum Analyzer – PC interfacing.

ET Data Communications

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme

Lectures : 3 hrs/week Mid-Sem – 30, Assignments, Quiz -20
Tutorial : End-Sem Exam- 50.
Unit 1 (0 8)
Fundamentals of Data Communication: Basic idea of data transmission,
transmission characteristics, asynchronous and synchronous transmission, basic
terms and concepts such as messages, headers, codes, sessions etc.

Unit 2 (0 6)
Transmission Paths: Twisted-wire pairs, coaxial cables, microwaves, waveguides,
optical fiber communication, submarine cable, satellite communication,
factors contributing to errors in transmission, transmission impairments.

Unit 3 (06 )
Modems and Switching Technologies: Modulation Techniques, multilevel
transmission, low baud modems, advances in modems, broadband modems such
as cable modem, DSL modem, interface standards of modems, circuit switching,
message switching, and packet switching, virtual circuit switching techniques.

Unit 4 (0 6)
Multiplexing Techniques: Concept, types – TDM, FDM. Multiplexed common
carrier systems, multiplexing satellite signals, concentrators, data compression
using source coding technique – Huffman coding.

Unit 5 (0 6)
Data Link Controls: Data accountability and line control, classification of data link
controls: Message format, line control method, error detection and correction
methods – check sum and CRC, flow control, Medium Access Control (MAC),
HDLC specifications.

Unit 6 (08)
Network Architectures: ISO Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) model, functions
of all layers, Local Area Networks (LANs), LAN protocols, LAN standards such as
Ethernet, token ring, Wi-Fi, Introduction to Internet architecture and protocols.

Text Books
1. William Stallings, Data and computer Communication, Pearson Education.
2. Uyless D. Black, Data Communications and Distributed Networks, PHI International.

Reference Books
1. A S Tanenbaum , Computer Networks , Pearson Education.
2. B. A. Forouzan, Data Communications and Networking, Tata McGraw-Hill.