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.

J

MlSSISQUOI

COUNTY.,

,

'.

.,

EASTERN

(

TOWNSHIPS,

QUE.,

1770' 8-1867

/ • • " • )
/
"
)

"

;

COUNTY., , '. . , EASTERN ( TOWNSHIPS, QUE., 1770' 8-1867 / • • " •

\ t

COUNTY., , '. . , EASTERN ( TOWNSHIPS, QUE., 1770' 8-1867 / • • " •
COUNTY., , '. . , EASTERN ( TOWNSHIPS, QUE., 1770' 8-1867 / • • " •

.f

COUNTY., , '. . , EASTERN ( TOWNSHIPS, QUE., 1770' 8-1867 / • • " •
COUNTY., , '. . , EASTERN ( TOWNSHIPS, QUE., 1770' 8-1867 / • • " •

,r.

,

.

THE COUNTY OF MI~SISQUOI

IN THE

EASTERN TQWNSHIPS OF THE
(

(17·70'8 -

PROVINCE

1867)

OF tlUEBEC

BRUCE

BY

"""

DUDLEY WALKER

,A THESIS S~BMITTED TO MCGILL_ UNIV~RSfTY

DUDLEY WALKER ,A THESIS S~BMITTED TO MCGILL_ UNIV~RSfTY IN THE , (FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER

IN

THE

, (FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF

PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF

REQUlREMENTS

ARTS

IN THE

DEPARTMENT~OF H1STORY

.

"

MARCH 1974

i

,

:(

~ Bruce Dudley Walker

1974

.

L

.

.,

,

,.:.,

OF REQUlREMENTS ARTS IN THE DEPARTMENT~OF H1STORY . " MARCH 1974 i , :( ~ Bruce

\.

BRUCE

DUDLEY WALKER

\. BRUCE DUDLEY WALKER TITLE: - OF THE THE COUNTY OF MISSISQUOI PROVINCE OF QUEBEC, IN
\. BRUCE DUDLEY WALKER TITLE: - OF THE THE COUNTY OF MISSISQUOI PROVINCE OF QUEBEC, IN

TITLE:

-

OF

THE

THE

COUNTY OF MISSISQUOI

PROVINCE

OF

QUEBEC,

IN

THE

(1770's

DEPARTMENT OF

HISTORY

EASTERN TowNsHIPS

-

1867)

"

DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY EASTERN TowNsHIPS - 1867) " { This ,MASTER OF ARTS . J' \~

{ This

,MASTER OF

ARTS

.

J'

\~

thesis

dea1s

with

the qenera1

h~t04Y of the

County

of

Missisquoi

in

the

Easte~n Townsbips

of

the

ProviQce ,

of Quebec

from

approximate1y

the

1770's

up

unti1

the

time

of

Confederation

in 18;~.

It is an attempt

to

show

the

effect

the

sett1ers

had

on

this

part of

the

Eastern

Townships

in

the period

mentioned.

The

thesis

en~e~Vors to portray

the

w~y the

County of

Missisquoi

evo.1ved

from

the

i 770 ' s

unti1

1867 showing the se~lemenc a~ well as th~ e~onomic:

political

and

,

social develqpments

j

1

/

se~lemenc a~ well as th~ e~onomic: • political and , social develqpments j 1 / 1

1

/

/

1

ii

in

this

periode

fi

\

se~lemenc a~ well as th~ e~onomic: • political and , social develqpments j 1 / 1

/

.

\. "

- \

TITRE:

LE

DE

')

BRUCE

o

COMTf

L'EST

DE

DUDLEY

WALKER

MIS

SSQUOI

PROVINCE

DANS

LES

CANTONS

DE

QUfBEC ~

 

'S

-

1867)

 

D'HISTOIRE

 

MAîTRISE

EN

ARTS

Le

sujet de cette

thèse

est

l'histoire générale du

comté de

Mississquoi

dans

les cantons de

l'est ,de

la province

de

Québec

Jusqu'à

la

depu~s,

période

approx1mativement.

la période de 1770

de

la

Conféderat1on

en

1867.

Je

m'efforce

de

démontrer

l'effet que

les

pionniers

ont

eu

sur

cette partie

des

Cantons

de

l'Est dans

la période ment10née ci-dessus.

 

Cette-thèse

essaie

d'indiquer

la

façon

dont

le comté de

c

Mississquo1

a

évo1vé depuis

1770

jusqu'en

1867,

tout en

At

démontrant l'établissement de~. dévéloppements économiques,

politiques

et sociaux de cette période •

.

")

)

 

"

"

iii

,

'

\.

,

,

of

to

i'

i

J

/

o f to i' i J / get a PREFACE ,. the has been very 11ttle

get

a

PREFACE

,.

the

has

been very

11ttle

qnd

consequently

it

material

on

this

work

has

done

on

County

been

rather

difficult

l

havr,

however,

lot of

subJect.

'-

J,

been

able

to

flnd

sorne

lnformatlon

ln

the

Redpath

Llbrary.

The

County pf

Missisquol

Hlstorlcal

Soclety

which

operates

A'Museum

ln

~

the

Village of

4

S~anbrldge East

ln

the

County

has

 

also

sup~lied me wlth

materlal

on

the

early

hlstory

of

the

reglon.;

Mr.

Edward

Struthers,

Mayor

of

the

village

of

Stanstead

 
 

\

\

 

ln

the

Eastern

Townships,

has

also

been

very

kin~ in

providing

 

me

with

materlai

on

the

County

of

MIsslSqU01.

Mr.

Strutheri,

 

'lt lS belleved,

lS

one

of

the

best

authorities

on

the history

 

of

the

Eastern

TownshIps.

He

has

a

weal th

of mat~rial on

tht!'

 

Elarly

hlstory

of

the

Eastern

TownshlpS.

He

has

been niost

help'-

 

.'

Jul

to

me

when

trying

to

secure

materlal

for

this

thesis.

l

 

/

 

have

also

obtained

materlal

from

sorne

of

the

resldents

of

County

 

of

MissisqUOl

whose

ancestors

were

among

the

first

 
 

)

 

people

 

ta

settle

in

this region.

Another

source of

informa-

 

tian has been p~ovlded b~ th~_Provincial and Feder~l Archives.

 

,

.

'\

Finally,

l

would

like

to

thank· D1;".

J.

Cooper

and

Dr.

L. LaPler~e--not nnly for

their patience--but for

their

gUldanc.e

and

l.nspiratl.on

in

encouraging

me

to

proce"ed

in

tlilS

venture.

Iv

/

1

.e

(

This

assignment ~

been very challenging,

and,

although rather sketchy in sorne areas' due to the lack of information, it is the first piece of work, to my knowledge,

done on the history of the County of Missisquoi in the period

'from

history of the County of Missisquoi in the period 'from the \ 1 1770's up unti1

the

\

1

1770's up unti1

"

1867.

1

/

, ,

,

/

/

.1

County of Missisquoi in the period 'from the \ 1 1770's up unti1 " 1867. 1

v

\

,

,

<>,

Chapter

,

1.

TABLE

OF

CONTENTS

Précis

It'

ii,

iii

:

Preface

 

• •

• ••••• •

iv

 

p

List

of

Illustrations

x

GEOGRAPHICAL

DESCRIPTION

OF

THE

COUNTY OF

MISSISQUOI

 

1

 

a)

Location

'

1

 

b)

Physiographic

Description

 

.•

 

•.•

 

4

c)

Drainage

,

5

d)

Vegetation

and

Soil

.•

• •

10

e)

MineraIs

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

12

II.

THE

SETTLEMENT OF

THE

COUNTY

OF

UP

UNTIL

1867

14

A.

1730's-1775:

Pre-American

Revolution

 

Period:

The

French

Regime

in

the

 

County

 

of

Missisqu01

 

.",

'.

14

Seigniory

o.f

Foucau1 t

 

,

16

Seigniory

of

Noyan

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

• •

17

Seigniory

of

St.

Armand

• •

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

18

B.

1775-1791:

in

the

The

United

Empire Loyaliste •••

County

of Missisquoi

•.•••••••

20

C,.

1791-1812:

The

Development

of

Townships

in the Coun~y of Missisquoi

•• •••• ••

47

,- 1

of Missisquoi •• •••• •• 47 ,- 1 Township of Dunham T6wnship of West Farnham ••

Township of Dunham

T6wnship of West Farnham •• ••.•.•.• • Township of Stanbridge •.•• • • •••

Parish

Parish of St. Armand East ••.• • ••.•••

of

St.

Armand

West

:

1

1

vi-

Parish of St. Armand East ••.• • ••.••• of St. Armand West : 1 1 •

-.,

-,

58

63

64

69

72

'\

'.

 

D. 1814-1850:

American

and

British

Sett1ement

 
 

in the County of Missisquoi • • .

• .

.

.

.

.

.

• •

79

The

Missisquoi

Bay

Region

.

• .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

• •

82

Township

of

Stanbridge

• .

• .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

• •

84

Township

of

Dunham

• .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

• .

.

.

• .

.

.

.

.

• .

87

; Township

of

West

Farnham

",

.

.

.

.

.

89

 

E.

1850-1867: ~rench-Canadian Sett1ement ln •

the, County of Missisquoi

4 ••••••••••••••

92

III

THE

ECONOMIC

DEVELOPMENT

OF

THE

COUNTY

OF

 

MISSISQUOI

UP

UNTIL

1867

••

 

•.••••.•

 

99

A. Forest IAdustrles ln the County of MissisqUOl up un ti 1 1867 • ••• •

Potash

Lumber i ng

F'urnl ture

••

(1.

Maklng

Maple

Sugar

.

~

'

'"

t'~l••• ~ •••••

B. Agrictf1 tural Development 1n the County ••

of MisslSquoi up unti1 1867 •.•

\

100

100

101

103

104

105

C. The

Development

of

Mil1s

in

the

County

of

Missisquoi

up

untl1

1867

••

••

III

,e

,

D.

The

Development

~

of

Transportatl0n

and

 

Communlcation

in

the

County

of

Missisquoi

 

up

until

1867

•••••.••

 

120.

Wa ter Transportation

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

• .

.

120

Development

of

Roads

 

1.

121

Development

of

Rai1roads

•.•••

131

 

E.

Misce11anéous

Trade

and

Commerce

 

in

the

 
 

CouI;lty

of

Missisquol

up

untll

1867.

 

• •••

 

/.

133

 

1

 

F.

Banking in the County of Mis61squoi •

up

unti1

1867

••

\ .••

 

•••

 

137

IV.

-THE

POLITICAL

DEVELOPMENT

OF

 

THE

 

COUNTY

OF

 

MISSISQUOI

UP

UNTIL

1867

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

141

A.

Polltical

Developments-rn-the

County

of

 
 

Missisquoi .Op unt*i

 

• .

• •

.

.

• .

• .

.

.

.

• ••

 

141

War

of

1812

and

its

Effect on

   

County

of Mit's.sisquoi:

• .

.

.

.

the • • • •

• •

.

.

• • •

144

1

Vii).

B. Po1itica1 Deve10pments in the County of Missisquoi from 1830-1867 J ••••••••••••

Po1itical Deve~opments in

the

and

their

Missisquoi

Effect

.

.

.

.

.

on

.

.

.

the

.

.

.

.

County

.

.

.

.

.

.

l860's

of

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

,"'

The

Fenian

Raid

of

1866

into

the

County

of Missisquoi

 

V.

NEWSPAPERS

IN

THE

COUNTY OF

MISSISQUOI

 

UP

UNTIL

1867

~ .1.

••

 

.

VI.

THE

SOCIAL

DEVELOPMENT OF

THE

COUNTY OF

 

MISSISQUOI

.

UP

UNTIL

1867

1

Intercommunity

Pattern

Masonic

Order

. UP UNTIL 1867 1 Intercommunity Pattern Masonic Order (~ • •• It ••••.•••••••• The .

(~

••

It ••••.••••••••

The

.

The French-Canadian Social S

Country

Crossroads

'

Sett ement

.

Social S Country Crossroads ' Sett ement . The of Mlssisquoi Development of'Churches •." in,

The

of Mlssisquoi

Development of'Churches

•."

in, the

County

••

a)

Baptist

b) Methodist

k

••••••••••••••••••••••

1

•••••

Methodist in the Parishes of St. Armand West and St. Armand East •.•.• • Methodist in the Township of Dunharn •• ••• •

and Stanbridge

c)

Church

of

Eng1and

Church of England in the Parishes of St'. Armand West and St. Armand East .•• Church of England in the Township

of

•.

Church of England in the Township

of Stanbridge

Church of England in the Township

Dunham

of West Farnham

Church

of

England

in

the

"

Parishes

of

• ,.

St.

George

de

C1arenceville

and

St.

Thomas

de

Foucault

••.

 

viii

148

155

157

163

167

167

i 70

174

175

177

177

180

180

184

188

1e8

193

196

197

200

~

!"

~'".,"'-

1

'

.

.- 1

• • !" ~'"., "'- 1 ' . . - 1 d) e) Congregationals of in

d)

e)

Congregationals

of

in

•.•

the County

• •

Missi.squoi

• • • •

'.•

.

.j

.

.

• •

• •

.

• •

• • •

.

The 'Millerites

The

Adventist

Chûrcn

'

JI

f)

Movement

g) Roman Catholic Church in the County

of Missisquoï

Opve1opment

of

Schools

in

of

Missisquoi

•••.•••

Period

"

Period

(1790-1830)

(1830-1860's)

the

The

County

•.•••

a) Ear1y

b) Later

~he Development of 1 Stanbridge Academy

IOGRAPHY

,

,

-

1

l-

f

\

'.

.

,

~' c

-

1x

c,

\

.

.,

,

202

206

207

20~

210

-

2"1;0

-

216

, , - 1 l- f \ '. . , ~' c - 1x c, \

,

'

•JI

',.l

,

" \ ~ , LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS <, Maps i. -1961' Census Divisions-"':j,Uss-isquoi County "

"

\ ~

,

LIST OF

ILLUSTRATIONS

<,

Maps

i.

-1961' Census

Divisions-"':j,Uss-isquoi County

"

2. Relief Ma~ of the County of Missisquoi

3. Drainage Map

,

.

~

Page

('

,

3

6

9

4. Granting of Land in the County of

Mis~isquoi

•••••••.•••

5. Town::thip of Dunham •••

6. Townsh.j.,p,,,Of West Farnham

~

~. ,~,

,

7. Township of

8. Parish of St. Armand West

11

Stan'bridge

••••

•• ~ ••. :

••••

.

.

.

'

.

.

.

:. •

.

.

.

• •

- .

46

57

62

65

70

u

9. Parish of St. Armand ·,East

73

10.

Plan of Miss~quoi County, by Hiram Corey, D.P.S.--1845, Showing S~age Roads and Other Rô~ds in the County ••••. ~•• ~•••••••••

. 126

Photographs

Early Log Cabin, (Still 'in use today, just ••••••••

outside Village of Stanbridge East)

56

l

-.

2.

Cornell Mfll

115

3. Missisquoi Hotel'

136 O(

4. Ridge Chapel, 1842 .~

.

.

180.

5. First MethQdist Church in the' kastern Townships, Phi1ipaburg, 1819 •••••••••••••••

\

, ,

 

.

\

fi C'

,

h

~l.>

'01

(fi

.~\.\

d

X

r

"0

\

~ .'.

'r:

0

181

~

• . , " ~ x ,', jr! . .r ' • . '6. /

.,

"

~

x

,',

jr!

.

.r

'

.

'6.

/

Dunnam' Methodist

Church,.

~~ Jv.

''1

I",P~e

"

bui 1 t

in

1846

.'

1.

••••••••••••••••••••

:

••••••

~85

7. St.

James

~

t

Anglican Cfi~rCh,

:oJo.)4

. Erec'ted, in ,1859

.

P1geon

.

H~l

1

at

t~ Village

'

of

,

••••••••••••.••••••••••••• t'. • • • •

""

193

8.

George's Anglican

Church

in

~t. ~larenceville, Ereèted in 1820,

. ~estored in 1897

•.

201

in 1820, . ~estored in 1897 • • • • • •. 201 f - e

f

-

e·

,~\ - P . .: , ; '" " '. .
,~\
-
P
.
.:
,
;
'"
"
'.
.

xi

in 1897 • • • • • •. 201 f - e · ,~\ - P

.~

,

.

. '\

in 1897 • • • • • •. 201 f - e · ,~\ - P

\.

s

ù

GEOQRAPHICAL

a)

Location

CHAPTER,

»ESCRIPTION OF

l

THE

1

COVNTY OF

MISSISQUOI

 

The

County

of

Missisquoi

is

located

in

the

south

west

patt

of

the

Province

of

Quebec,

in

the

are a

known

as the

Eastern

Townships.

It

lS

located

in

the

extreme

western

.

l

'

j

portion

of

thlS

area,

wlth

its

southern

boundary

 

with

the

United

States

border.

 

Missl~quoi County

extends

from

the

Internatlonal

Border

t~ the

south,

at

point

45 0

north

latitude,

to

45 0

15'

at its

most

northerly posltion.

 

It

extends

from

72 0

43'

west

longitude

on

the

east

to

73 0

20'

F

at the Richelieu

thirty-three (33) miles from east to west and twenty-four (24)

Rlver.

At

its

widest points

",.

it extends r some

mlles

from

north

to

south.

The

County

today covers

an

area

of

three

hundred

and

seventy-five

(375)

square

miles,

( 240 , 000

acres).

 

Prior

to

1829

the

County

of

Missisquoi

did

not exist

ln name

as

it was included in

the

County

of

Bedford.

In

1829

the County of

,

Bedford

was

divided

into

two counties~

Rouville

and Missisquoi.

The

County of

Missisquoi

now

included

the

 

"

selgniory Qf St'.

Armand

and

the

Townships

of

Dunham,

Stanbridge

and

COuhty of Brome.

Sutton.

In

1857

The

Townships

of

Dunham,

the

TownshlP

of

Sutton

County

of

Missisquoi

became

part of

now

incluaed

the

the

Stanbridge,

Farnham West

and· the

Parishes

of St.

Armand

East,

St.

Armand

West,

St.

Thomas,

and

l

"-"""""~" ,. -\" """""""""~\,,-~ 2 ~"~ St.

"-"""""~"

,.

-\" """""""""~\,,-~

2

~"~

St.

George.

With

the

increase

iJl'settlemen~in the County.

the

Township

of

Stanbridge

 

Idter broken down into parishes.

Today

the

County

Ior

the

sake

of

is

divided

convenience.

townships

or parishes.

(see

into

fourteen

census

divisions

These

map)

consist of either

AREA OF

THE

DIVISIONS

OF

MISSISOUOI

COUNTY

     

'.

Area

in

Area

in

 

Subdivision

Square Miles

Acres

 

Bedford

 

15

9,600.

 

Dunham

89

56,960

Farnham

West

 

36

23,040

Notre 'Dame de

Stanbridge \J

18

Il,520

't St.

Armand

East

48

30, 720

St.

Armand

West

19,520

,

 

St.

Geor.ge

de

Clarenceville

23

14, 720

 

St •

Ighace

de

Stanbridge

30

19,200

St.

Pierre

de

Véronne

15

9,600

St.

Sabine

21

13,440

St.

Thomas

18

Il,520

Stanbridge

Station

5,440

Venise-en-Ouébec

5

3,200

-

Source:

1961

Census

Divisions; Missisquoi

County.

,

n

cO<

,

/

e

/ e 1961 CENSUS DIVISIONS MISSISQUOI COUNTY e t --'- W'tsr FARNHAM- 3. IGNI\CE DI.JNI-«AM 2.

1961

CENSUS

DIVISIONS

MISSISQUOI

COUNTY

e

t

--'-

W'tsr FARNHAM- 3. IGNI\CE DI.JNI-«AM 2. 1STANMI'DGE 12. ST. ARMAND EAST " ,• 1 .
W'tsr
FARNHAM-
3.
IGNI\CE
DI.JNI-«AM
2.
1STANMI'DGE
12.
ST. ARMAND
EAST
" ,•
1
.
'" 1
t ~
.S.
t "

-

= 4 mi te STE. -SABINE 1inch 10 ST. !lE - 8. BEDFORD 1. ~
= 4 mi te
STE. -SABINE
1inch
10
ST.
!lE
-
8.
BEDFORD
1.
~
M 1)[
ST ARMAND
WEST
NO,'AN
CLAltE~1i:V'I UE
!
6.
11 7.

SCALE:-

w

4

b) Physiographic

Description

(Relief map)

areas,

MisS1Squoi

County

occupies

the

Appalachian

Highiand

and

two dlstinct

physlographic

the

St.

Lawrence

Lowland

or

Montreal

Plaln.

The

latter

lS

a

featureless

plain,

with

~n elevat~on averaglng

from

one

hundred

to

two

hundred

feet

above

sea

level.

The

former

lS

part

of

the

complexly

folded

and faulted 'Appalachlan system. It varies from gently rolling

country

ln

the

north

and

west,

to

the

much more

rugged

high-

lands

ùround

the

Pinnacle

Mountain

in 'the

south

east part

of

the

County

ln

the

Parlsh

of

St.

Armand

East.

A regional

descrlption

\

plcture of

by

the

census

arèa.

The

areas

'b

Venlse-en-Que

.

ec,

of

St.

divisions

will

St.

Thomas,

St.

give

a

George

better general

de

Clarenceville,

'\

PIerre

.

de

Veronne,

,

.

Notre

Dame.de

Stanbridge,

St.

SabIne,

and

the

western

part of

the

Townships

of

West

Farnham

are

located on

the

Montreal

and

vary

from

just

under

one

hundred

feet

to

two

hundred

feet

ln

elevation.

St.

Armand

West,

Stanbrldge

Statlon,

St.

Ignace

de

Stanbridge,

and

Farnham

form

 

Â

the

transltion

between

the plaln

and

th~· APpalàèhian

Hlghlands.

The

ChamplaIn

fault

passes

through

"

thes~\r~giqns, but

."

it

is

 

,

~ l

llttle more than a hill,

undulating. Stanbrldge and Dunham Townships become more rolling

behlnd

which

the

land

becomes

more

toward

the

St.

Armand

south-east

East.

St.

as

one

Almand

approaches

the

itself

changes

highlands

of

from

rolling

land

in

the

west

to

the

rugged

high

land

of

the

Pinnacles.

(

approaches the itself changes highlands of from rolling land in the west to the rugged high

c)

of

Drainage

c) of Drainage Thére Misslsquoi. are many Almost smail every 5 creeks and rivers ,in the

Thére

Misslsquoi.

are

many

Almost

smail

every

5

creeks

and

rivers ,in

the

hillside

has

ltS

springs

County,

of water,

which

of

the

were

a

County

vaIuable

means

of

supplying

wi th ~drinking water.

The

the

early

inhabitants

numerous

streams

al,so

furnished

an

abundance

of

water

power

for

the

early

set tIers

as

weIl

as

a

means

of

transportation.

Many

of

the

rivers

and

creeks

ln

the

County

supplied

the

pioneers

with

food

as

there

 

,>J

was

a

great

abundance

of

fish,

such

as

bass,

plke,

pickerel,

muskelunge,

trout,

perch,

catflsh,

surfish,

dory

and

eel.

There

are

two

maln

drainage

systems

ln

the

County,

of

WhlCh

Plke

River

lS

the

more

extenslve.

.

THe

other

is

the

Yamaska.

The

two

systems

are

separated

by

a

divlde

that runs

north-west

from

the

highlands

of

St.

Armand

East,

Ieavlng

the

el

r

County

ln

the

Parlsh

of

St.

Sablne •

 
 

.-

PIKE

RIVER

 
 

Plke

River

rlses

in

Lake

Carroi,

located

ln Ver~ont

 

about

ten

miles

from

the

International

Border.

It flows north

 

to

the

Town

of

Frelighsburg

where

it

is

jOlned

by

a

branch

which

rises

in

seIgy

Lake.

From

Frelighsburg

the

r~ver flows

 

north-west.

In

this

atea

it

is

deeply

entrenched,

flowing

 

in

a

rather meandering course

through

the

hiiis.

It

is

joined

by

severai

small

brooks

and

finaIIy

by

the

North

Pike

branch which

enters

it from the north.

Shortly

after

this

the

river

swings

\

 

towards

the

south

west,

but

then

resumes

its

northerly

direction

at

the

Town

of

Bedford

where

it

is

joined

by

Groat Creek.

 

The

streams

ln

the

Pari~sh of St.

Armand

East

are

drained

by

Groat

Creelt.

/

e

/

e

!.l'Low

100 FT,

TItE

REUEF

f

Cou, nt'f

OF

o~

MAP

MISS ISQUOI

~

~ 0 2.00 FT. " D 300 ~T, Sca.I~:- l irLcn. : t mIles 1.,
~
0
2.00 FT.
"
D
300 ~T,
Sca.I~:-
l
irLcn. :
t mIles
1.,
"-
"
W
v.,
+00 FT .
~--
b (J()
FT •
800 FT
~
1,000 r:r•
1,1-00 FT.
1
~
~.
~
1,400 FT
tI"
/
\.
~
f_- -=---'-"'--~ • • _- •• /J 1'1 "
J
.~E

0'\

~

,.

cl

~

Pike

River

continues

on

its

7

,."!,

,

nortb~rly direction

until

it

reaches

the

edge

of

the

Appaiachlan

Highlands.

A brook

 

flowing

from

the

north,

le

RUIsseaU

aux

Morpions,

WhlCh

flowa

alocg

the

faulted

zone,

enters

here.

The

river

then

swings

to