You are on page 1of 19

2011

Survey
on Children
Presented By:
Carmelita N. Ericta
Administrator, National Statistics Office

A Joint Project of the


Philippine National Statistics Office
and International Labour Organization
Outline of Presentation
Definition of Terms

Features on the Questionnaire

Highlights of the 2011 SOC (Preliminary Results)

2011 Survey on Children


Working Children Child Labor Hazardous Child
Labor
Children 5 to 17 Working children Working children
years old who who reported to who reported to
worked even for have worked in have worked in
only one hour hazardous hazardous
during the past 12 industries and industries and
months occupations and occupations
worked for long
hours and/or at night
(in industries and
occupations not
designated as
hazardous)
[RA 9231]

2011 Survey on Children


Type of Hazards
Chemical Physical Biological
Work involves Work involves exposure Work involves
exposure to to exposure to
Dust (e.g. silica, Noise Viral
dust, sanding dust) Temperature or Bacterial
Liquid (e.g. oil, humidity Fungal
gasoline, mercury) Pressure Parasitic (e.g.
Mist, fumes or Inadequate illumination drinking infected
vapors (e.g. paint, or lighting water with amoeba
insecticides or Slip, trip or fall hazards Others, specify
pesticide spraying) Insufficient exit for
Gas (e.g. oxygen, prompt escape
ammonia) Congested lay-out
Others, specify Radiation, ultraviolet or
microwave
Others, specify

2011 Survey on Children


PermissibleWork

5to14YearsOld 15to17YearsOld
Nonhazardous
4hours/day 8hours/day

2011 Survey on Children


2011 SOC Questionnaire
The screening questions asked if the child
engaged in any work for at least one hour
during the past twelve months.

Right after are the screening questions


seven follow-up questions were framed to ask the
classification of the possible activities of the child
during the past 12 months

2011 Survey on Children


2011 SOC Questionnaire
Seven follow-up questions:

During the past week, did you do any of the following activities
even for only one hour:

a. Run or do any kind of business, big or small, by yourself or


with one or more partners?

b. Do any work for wage, salary, commission or any payment


in kind (excluding domestic work)?

c. Do any work as domestic worker for a wage, salary or any


payment in kind?

d. Help without pay in own household-operated business of


any kind?

2011 Survey on Children


2011 SOC Questionnaire

continuation

Did you do any of the following activities even for only one hour:

e. Do any work on your own or your households plot, farm, food


garden, or help in growing farm produce or in looking after
animals that you own or own by your household or those of
other households?

f. Do any construction or major repair work on your own home,


plot, or business or those of other households

g. Catch any fish, prawns, shells, wild animals or other food for
sale or for your households consumption?

2011 Survey on Children


Preliminary Results

Population
517yearoldChildren
29.019M

Working NotWorking
18.9% 81%
(5.49M) (23.53M)

ChildLabor NotChildLabor
55.1% (PermissibleWork)
44.9%
(3.03M)
(2.46M)

HazardousChild OtherChild
Labor Worstformof
Labor ChildLabor
98.9% (Longhours)
(2.99M) 1.1%

2011 Survey on Children


Children in Hazardous Labor by Age Group

Figure 1. Number of Children Engaged in Hazardous Labor


By Age Group, Philippines: 2011
(in thousands)
2,500

1,999
2,000

1,500

994 1,015
1,000 869

458 464
500

115 72
-
All Ages 5 to 9 10 to 14 15 to 17

Boys Girls

2011 Survey on Children


Children in Hazardous Labor by Region

Figure 2. Number of Children Engaged in Hazardous Labor


by Region, Philippines: 2011

350
316

300

250
In thousands

200

150

100
70

50

Region

2011 Survey on Children


Children in Hazardous Labor by School Attendance and Age Group

Figure 3. Percent of Children Engaged in Hazardous Labor


by School Attendance and Age Group, Philippines: 2011

91.0
5 to 9
9.0

86.7
10 to 14
13.3

52.7
15 to 17
47.3

0.0 20.0 40.0 60.0 80.0 100.0

Attending school Not attending school

2011 Survey on Children


Children in Hazardous Labor by Type of Hazards

Figure 4. Venn Diagram of Children Engaged in Hazardous


Labor by Type of Hazards, Philippines: 2011

ChemicalHazards PhysicalHazards

19.1% 39.9%

10.4%
13.7%
9.1%
1.8%

6.1%

BiologicalHazards

2011 Survey on Children


Children in Hazardous Labor by Reasons for Working

Figure 5. Percent of Children Engaged in Hazardous Labor


by Reasons for Working, Philippines: 2011

42.2
To help in own household-operated farm
or business
To supplement family income or important
30.0
to family well-being

To gain experience or acquire training 9.0

To pay for own schooling 6.4


Others, like buy things for self, "baon" for
5.7
schooling, and others

To appreciate value of work 4.6

To earn money to start own business 1.0

To help pay family debts 1.0

0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45

2011 Survey on Children


Children in Hazardous Labor by Major Industry Group

Figure 6. Percent of Children Engaged in Hazardous Labor by


Major Industry Group of the Primary Occupation, Philippines: 2011

Agriculture
51.2
67.9
62.4

Services
43.6
23.3
30.1

Industry
5.2
8.7
7.6

0 20 40 60 80

Girls Boys Both Sexes

2011 Survey on Children


Children in Hazardous Labor by Class of Worker

Figure 7. Percent of Children Engaged in Hazardous Labor


by Class of Worker, Philippines: 2011
55.3
Unpaid worker in own household-operated
farm or business

Worker in private establishment 26.2

Worker in private household 6.7

Self-employed without any paid employee 5.6

Worker on own household 2.7

Paid worker on own household-operated


1.8
farm or business
Unpaid worker for other members who
0.8
work for others
Worker in government or government
0.5
corporation
Home-based worker/Employer in own
0.3
household-operated farm or business

0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0

2011 Survey on Children


Children in Hazardous Labor by Place of Work

Figure 8. Percent of Children Engaged in Hazardous Labor


by Place of Work, Philippines: 2011

Farm 55.4

Own house 12.2

Street 9.0

Others like seas and oceans 8.9

Market place 5.1

Employer's house 4.9

Other person's house 1.8

Construction sites or quarry sites 1.5

Factory 0.7

Mines & Office 0.7

0.0 20.0 40.0 60.0

2011 Survey on Children


Table 1. Sampling Errors and Coefficients of Variation of Estimate of Number of Working Children 5 to 17 Years Old
by Sex, by Region and by Type of Child Labor, Philippines: October 2011

Coefficient of 95% Confidence Interval


Category Estimate Standard Error
Variation (%) Lower Upper

Working Children 5,492,267 93,323 1.7 5,309,265 5,675,269

Sex
Boys 3,287,651 61,136 1.9 3,167,767 3,407,535
Girls 2,204,616 48,670 2.2 2,109,177 2,300,055

Region
National Capital Region 579,242 57,737 10.0 466,023 692,461
Cordillera Administrative Region 150,354 17,159 11.4 116,707 184,001
Ilocos Region 443,068 31,944 7.2 380,427 505,709
Cagayan Valley 332,656 25,120 7.6 283,397 381,915
Central Luzon 824,124 51,258 6.2 723,611 924,637
CALABARZON 1,077,172 64,202 6.0 951,276 1,203,067
MIMAROPA 485,875 42,850 8.8 401,848 569,901
Bicol 808,507 46,542 5.8 717,241 899,773
Western Visayas 872,426 55,258 6.3 764,069 980,783
Central Visayas 1,045,238 82,967 7.9 882,544 1,207,931
Eastern Visayas 722,534 60,398 8.4 604,098 840,970
Zamboanga Peninsula 646,119 51,495 8.0 545,140 747,098
Northern Mindanao 724,484 51,294 7.1 623,900 825,068
Davao 590,338 50,678 8.6 490,962 689,715
SOCCSKSARGEN 538,493 43,471 8.1 453,250 623,736
Caraga 232,830 20,490 8.8 192,649 273,010
ARMM 382,670 27,712 7.2 328,327 437,012

Type of Child Labor


Hazardous 2,992,999 71,686 2.4 2,852,427 3,133,571
Non-Hazardous child labor 34,676 4,883 14.1 25,100 44,251
Not Child labor 2,464,593 64,022 2.6 2,339,050 2,590,135
Source: PreliminaryResults,2011SurveyonChildren(SOC)
Have a Good Day !

2011 Survey on Children