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Mathematics Notes for Class 12 Chapter 2


Inverse Trigonometric Functions
Inverse Function

If y = f(x) and x = g(y) are two functions such that f (g(y)) = y and g (f(y)) = x, then f and y are
said to be inverse of each other

i.e., g = f-1

IF y = f(x), then x = f-1(y)

Inverse Trigonometric Functions

If y = sin X-1, then x = sin-1 y, similarly for other trigonometric functions.

This is called inverse trigonometric function .

Now, y = sin-1(x), y [ / 2 , / 2] and x [-1,1].

(i) Thus, sin-1x has infinitely many values for given x [-1, 1].

(ii) There is only one value among these values which lies in the interval [ / 2 , / 2]. This
value is called the principal value.

Domain and Range of Inverse Trigonometric FunctionsGraphs of Inverse Trigonometric


Functions

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Properties of Inverse Trigonometric Functions

Property I

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Property II

Property III

Property IV

Property V

Property VI

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Property VII

Property VIII

Property IX

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Property X

Property XI

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Property XII

Important Results

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where Sk denotes the sum of the product of x1,x2,xn takes k at a time.

Inverse

Trigonometric Equation

An equation involving one or more trigonometrical ratios of unknown angle is called a


trigonometric equation .

Solution/Roots of a Trigonometric Equation

A value of the unknown angle which satisfies the given equation, is called a solution or root of
the equation.

The trigonometric equation may have infinite number of solutions.

(i) Principal Solution The least value of unknown angle which satisfies the given equation,
is called a principal solution of trigonometric equation.

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(ii) General Solution We know that, trigonometric function are periodic and solution of
trigonometric equations can be generalised with the help of the periodicity of the trigonometric
functions. The solution consisting of all possible solutions of a trigonometric equation is called
its general solution.

Important Results

Important Points to be Remembered

(i) While solving an equation, we have to square it, sometimes the resulting roots does not
satisfy the original equation.

(ii) Do not cancel common factors involving the unknown angle on LHS and RHS.Because it
may be the solution of given equation.

(iii) (a) Equation involving sec or tan can never be a solution of the form (2n + 1) / 2.

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(b) Equation involving coseca or cote can never be a solution of the form = n.
For Class 11

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