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Contents
International : Treaties and Agreements ................................................ 4
Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of Somalia (CGPCS) ......................................... 4
Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage ............................ 4
Hague Code-of-Conduct ................................................................................................ 4
International Chemical Weapons Convention .............................................................. 5
International Grains Council ......................................................................................... 5
MTCR ............................................................................................................................. 5
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) ................................................................. 6
Pelindaba Treaty ............................................................................................................ 6
Sendai Framework ......................................................................................................... 6
The Australia Group ...................................................................................................... 6
Trade Facilitation Agreement ........................................................................................ 6
National Committee on Trade Facilitation (NCTF)....................................................... 7
TRIPS ............................................................................................................................. 7
Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations ................................................................ 7
Wassenaar Arrangement ............................................................................................... 7
International Governance ....................................................................... 7
Asian Development Bank (ADB) ................................................................................... 7
Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)...............................................................8
Financial Action Task Force (FATF)..............................................................................8
Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) .................................................................... 9
International Astronomical Union ................................................................................ 9
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) ................................................................ 9
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) ............................... 9
International Court of Justice (ICJ) ............................................................................ 10
International Criminal Court (ICC) ............................................................................. 10
International Development Association (IDA)............................................................ 10
International Energy Agency (IEA) ............................................................................. 10
International Labor Organization (ILO) ...................................................................... 11
International Maritime Organisation ........................................................................... 11
International Seabed Authority .................................................................................... 11
International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea .............................................................. 11
New Development Bank ............................................................................................... 11
Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)........................................................................ 12
UN Convention on the Law of the Sea ......................................................................... 12
UNHRC ........................................................................................................................ 13
United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL).................... 13
World Health Organization (WHO) ............................................................................ 13
World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) ..................................................... 14
World Bank .................................................................................................................. 14
World Food Programme .............................................................................................. 14
International Groups ............................................................................ 14
APEC ............................................................................................................................ 14
ASEAN ......................................................................................................................... 15
ASEM ........................................................................................................................... 16
BBIN ............................................................................................................................ 16
BCIM ............................................................................................................................ 16
BIMSTEC ..................................................................................................................... 17

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BRICS ........................................................................................................................... 17
Commonwealth of Nations .......................................................................................... 18
East Asia Summit ......................................................................................................... 18
Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) ................................................................................ 19
G4 ................................................................................................................................. 19
G7 .................................................................................................................................20
G20...............................................................................................................................20
India-Africa Forum ...................................................................................................... 21
IBSA ............................................................................................................................. 21
IORA ............................................................................................................................ 21
Mekong-Ganga Cooperation ........................................................................................ 22
OPEC ............................................................................................................................ 22
OECD ........................................................................................................................... 23
RCEP ............................................................................................................................ 23
SAARC.......................................................................................................................... 24
Shanghai Cooperation Organisation............................................................................ 24
Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP) .................................................................................. 25
Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) ........................................... 26
International NGOs and Others............................................................. 26
African Development Bank .......................................................................................... 26
European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN) ............................................... 27
Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI).......................................... 27
Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR)27
Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) ...........................................................................28
EU vs EEA ....................................................................................................................28
International Consortium of Investigative Journalists ............................................... 29
International Vaccine Institute (IVI) ........................................................................... 29
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)................................................................. 29
SARTTAC .....................................................................................................................30
World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) ..........................................................................30
National : Constitutional ...................................................................... 30
CAG ..............................................................................................................................30
CEC .............................................................................................................................. 31
Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT) ....................................................................... 31
National Commission for SC........................................................................................ 31
National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) ................................................... 32
National Commission for Socially and Educationally Backward Classes (NSEBC) .... 32
National : Non Constitutional................................................................ 33
Archaeological Survey of India (ASI)........................................................................... 33
BCI- Bar Council of India............................................................................................. 33
Bureau of Civil Aviation Security ................................................................................. 33
CCI ............................................................................................................................... 33
Central Electricity Authority........................................................................................ 34
Central Pollution Control Board .................................................................................. 34
Central Silk Board ........................................................................................................ 34
Central Water Commission (CWC).............................................................................. 35
CIC ............................................................................................................................... 35
Chief Vigilance Commission (CVC) ............................................................................. 35
CSIR ............................................................................................................................. 35
Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB) ............................................................. 36

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FSSAI ........................................................................................................................... 36
Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) ......................................................... 36
Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR) ............................................................ 36
Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India ................................................................. 36
International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid-Tropics (ICRISAT) .......... 37
Law Commission of India ............................................................................................ 37
National Commission for Safai Karamcharis (NCSK) ................................................. 37
National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) ................................................................... 37
National Council of Senior Citizens .............................................................................38
National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) .................................................................38
National Industrial Corridor Development & Implementation Trust (NICDIT) ........ 39
National Innovation Foundation ................................................................................. 39
National Regulatory Authority of India ....................................................................... 39
National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) ......................................................... 40
National Water Development Agency ........................................................................ 40
National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC) ................................................. 40
Press Council of India .................................................................................................. 41
SHRC............................................................................................................................ 41
Securities Appellate Tribunal ...................................................................................... 41
Tea Board of India ....................................................................................................... 42
Technology Development Board (TDB)....................................................................... 42
UGC .............................................................................................................................. 42
Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB) ...................................................................... 43
Wildlife Institute of India (WII) .................................................................................. 43
National : NGOs .................................................................................... 43
Bombay Natural History Society (BHNS) ................................................................... 43
National Anti-Doping Agency ...................................................................................... 43
National Productivity Council (NPC) .......................................................................... 44
The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) ............................................................... 44
National : PSUs and Companies ...........................................................44
NABARD ...................................................................................................................... 44
National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC) ................................................... 44
NHAI ............................................................................................................................ 45
Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) .......................................................... 45
Solar Energy Corporation India (SECI) ....................................................................... 45
Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) ........................................................... 45
Uranium Corporation of India (UCIL) ........................................................................ 45
National : Security and Forces ..............................................................46
Border Road Organisation (BRO)................................................................................ 46
Border Security Force (BSF) ........................................................................................ 46
Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) ......................................................................... 46
CERT-In ....................................................................................................................... 46
CRPF ............................................................................................................................ 47
Indian Coast Guard ...................................................................................................... 47
National Security Council ............................................................................................ 47
Nuclear Command Authority (NCA) ........................................................................... 47
Strategic Forces Command (SFC)................................................................................ 47

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 It provides a uniform framework for channelling liability and providing speedy compensation after the nuclear accident.000 quality MCQs which are organised topic wise.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ International : Treaties and Agreements Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of Somalia (CGPCS)  It is an international governance mechanism  Established in 2009  Aims to facilitate the discussion and coordination of actions among states and organizations to suppress maritime piracy near Somali  So far more than 60 countries and international organizations have become part of this forum to work collectively for the prevention of piracy off the Somali coast. Therefore.  Established in 2002  It does not ban ballistic missiles.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 4 . o Practice all past year UPSC papers o Study Notes in mobile o Track your Progress o http://www. However.ias4sure.  Austria is the administrative centre coordinating the information exchange under HCOC.  It is the only normative instrument to verify the spread of ballistic missiles. Track your progress (http://www. but it calls for restraining their production. This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. membership of HCoC is not restricted while the membership of MTCR is limited to only 34 export group members. the aim of both HCoC and MTCR are same. All past year UPSC papers.ias4sure.000 Quality practice MCQs.com/mobile-app/ Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage What is Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage?  It sets parameters on a nuclear operator’s financial liability.ias4sure.  It protects nuclear suppliers from liability for an acciden  Why in news? India ratified it Hague Code-of-Conduct What is Hague Code of Conduct?  It is a voluntary  It is legally non-binding  It is a confidence building and transparency measure  It seeks to prevent the proliferation of ballistic missiles that are capable of delivering weapons of mass destruction (WMD).ias4sure. > 10.  Seychelles is the current chairman of the CGPCS for the biennium 2016-17  Why in news? India has become the co-chair of Working Group on Maritime Situational Awareness (WG- MSA) under CGPCS  Download other free notes from http://www. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. o Practice more than 10. and export.  It Seeks to establish a uniform global legal regime for compensation to victims in the unlikely event of a nuclear accident. What is the difference between HCoC and MTCR? MTCR is an informal and voluntary partnership to prevent the proliferation of missile and UAV technology.com/download/  Try IAS4Sure Android App and ensure your success in Prelims. testing. please visit http://www.

Track your progress (http://www.  Most recently. MTCR  35 nation (India is 35th member) grouping that controls export of missile technology. which is headquartered in The Hague. including drones. producing.  The CWC is implemented by the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW).  Chemical weapons use or military preparation for use. and use of chemical weapons and their precursors and entered into force in 1997  CWC negotiations started in 1980 in the UN Conference on Disarmament.  Assisting. Angola deposited its instrument of accession to the CWC on 16 September 2015. 1995 which is effective from July 1. > 10.ias4sure. 1995 and its Grain Trade Convention (GTC).  Setup in 1987 by the G7 countries  Aims to limit the proliferation of missile and other unmanned delivery systems that could be used for chemical or nuclear attacks.  It is an informal and voluntary partnership between 35 countries which urge each other to restrict their missile export and technologies capable of carrying a 500-kilogram payload a minimum of 300 kilometres  India has become 35th member of MTCR in June 2016 Benefits to India:  Would help India in getting access to world-class technology  It would have also allowed India to export its own technology to countries that comply with MTCR  MTCR membership would improve India’s stature among world nations. established under the Food Aid Convention. for co-operation in wheat and coarse grain matters. also services the Food Aid Committee. 1993. stockpiling. the OPCW inspects and monitors states-parties’ facilities and activities that are relevant to the convention.  The direct or indirect transfer of chemical weapons.” International Grains Council International Grains Council  India is a member of the IGC which was previously known as International Wheat Council. Israel has signed but has yet to ratify the convention.  The use of riot control agents “as a method of warfare. please visit http://www.  India can also sell Thorium which is abundant in India This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. to ensure compliance. based in London.  IGC is an intergovernmental forum of exporting and importing countries.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ International Chemical Weapons Convention The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) is a multilateral treaty that bans chemical weapons and requires their destruction within a specified period of time  CWC is an arms control treaty which outlaws the production. acquiring.ias4sure.  The OPCW receives states-parties’ declarations detailing chemical weapons-related activities or materials and relevant industrial activities.  India has been included in the category of exporting members in July. 1995. especially because India is a non- signatory of both NPT and CTBT that are necessary for membership  India will get to play a role in decision making process of the global body. it would help India to address some of our concerns especially with Pakistan’s nuclear program and promote our interest.  International Grains Agreement comprises of Grains Trade Convention (GTC) and Food Aid Convention (FAC).  The IGC Secretariat.  India is a signatory to the International Grains Agreement (IGA). Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. stockpiling. and entered into force on April 29. encouraging.  As of October 2016. The convention opened for signature on January 13.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 5 . or retaining chemical weapons. It administers the Grains Trade Convention 1995.000 Quality practice MCQs. After receiving declarations. 1997. or inducing other states to engage in CWC-prohibited activity. 2003 and represented in the meetings/session of the council held from time to time. The Chemical Weapons Convention prohibits:  Developing. about 93% of the world’s declared stockpile of chemical weapons had been destroyed. All past year UPSC papers. A key non-signatory includes North Korea.  The CWC is open to all nations and currently has 192 states-parties.

> 10. stockpiling. which are to be used exclusively for peaceful purposes  All African Union members are the signatories of the treaty  It also requires all parties to apply full-scope International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards to all their peaceful nuclear activities  Why in news? o Indian wants to import Uranium from African nations and thus wants relaxation in it. o India Civil Nuclear Agreement with Namibia is in limbo because of this treaty. testing.  It is based on a system of collective defence whereby its member states agree to mutual defence in response to an attack by any external party. Australia Group and Wassenaar Group) North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)  The NATO is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty signed in April 1949. development.000 Quality practice MCQs.e. The Australia Group  The Australia Group is an informal forum of countries that seeks to ensure that exports do not contribute to the development of chemical or biological weapons. control or stationing of nuclear explosive devices in the territory of parties to the Treaty and the dumping of radioactive wastes in the African zone by Treaty parties  The Treaty also prohibits any attack against nuclear installations in the zone by Treaty parties and requires them to maintain the highest standards of physical protection of nuclear material. Belgium. Negotiations for it completed at Bali summit. Track your progress (http://www. Trade Facilitation Agreement  Under WTO. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. acquisition.  The treaty aims to prevent nuclear proliferation in Africa and also stops unchecked supply of Uranium to the nuclear powers of the world.  It consists of 28 independent member countries across North America and Europe.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________  It will be a big step in opening doors for India’s entry into other nuclear regimes it is eyeing for (NSG.ias4sure. This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info.  Its headquarters of Allied Command Operations is near Mons. All past year UPSC papers.  India is not a member. 2013  It is for both developing and developed countries  Aims to remove "Red Tape" at customs i.ias4sure. possession.  Why in news? Montenegro will become 29th member if all 28 members agree Pelindaba Treaty  It is also known as African Nuclear Weapons Free Zone Treaty  It was signed in 1996 and came into force in 2009  Treaty has been ratified by 40 countries.  NATO’s headquarters are located in Brussels.  The combined military spending of all NATO members constitutes over 70% of the global defence spending. please visit http://www.  The Treaty prohibits the research.  It was established in 1985 and presently has 42 members. to make import/export hassle free and less cumbersome  Also have provisions of technical assistance and capacity building  Issue? India wants TFA for services too.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 6 . o Namibia has not ratified the agreement due to this treaty Sendai Framework Sendai Framework  It is a 15 year agreement  Voluntary  Non-binding  It recognizes that the State has the primary role to reduce disaster risk but that responsibility should be shared with other stakeholders including local government. facilities and equipment. manufacture. the private sector and other stakeholders.

International Governance Asian Development Bank (ADB)  Established in 1966  HQ : Manila. however. All past year UPSC papers. Track your progress (http://www.ias4sure.  It aims to promote transparency and greater responsibility in transfer of conventional arms and dual-use goods and technologies. he was released. The charges are that he was found to be in possession of defence-related documents. covering content producers including performers. integrated circuit layout-designs. and dispute resolution procedures. Soon after the arrest.  The participating states ensure that transfer of materials do not contribute to the development or enhancement of military capabilities.  It is a national level body to facilitate domestic co-ordination and implementation of TFA provisions. Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations  It is a treaty that came into force in 1964  It lays out the rules and regulations for diplomatic relations between countries as well as the various privileges that diplomats and diplomatic missions enjoy.000 Quality practice MCQs. patents.ias4sure. Philippines  It is modeled on the World Bank  It has a similar weighted voting system where votes are distributed based on member's capital subscriptions. industrial designs. Why in news?  Indian security agencies recently arrested a Pakistani High Commission staffer on allegations of espionage.  It was negotiated at the end of the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in 1994. producers of sound recordings and broadcasting organizations.  It has 41 member states and was established in 1996 as an extension of Coordination committee for Multilateral export Controls (COCOM). trademarks. trade dress.  ADB borrows from international capital markets with its capital as guarantee  Japan and USA are its major donors.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 7 .  The agreement also specifies enforcement procedures. geographical indications. > 10.  It will have three tier structure with main national committee for monitoring implementation of TFA TRIPS TRIPS is an international agreement administered by the World Trade Organization (WTO). declared persona non grata.  TRIPS requires WTO members to provide copyright rights. remedies. please visit http://www. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. new plant varieties. and informed that he must leave India within 48 hours  Pakistan has accused India of violating the international convention for protection of diplomats Wassenaar Arrangement  Wassenaar Arrangement was established to contribute to regional and international security and stability.  One of these privileges is legal immunity for diplomats so that they don't have to face prosecution as per their host country’s laws. This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. including appellations of origin. and undisclosed or confidential information. which sets down minimum standards for many forms of intellectual property (IP) regulations as applied to the nationals of other WTO Members.  It aims to develop the pan-India road map for trade facilitation.  India is not a member of the Wassenaar Arrangement. The United States is likely to support India’s bid.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ National Committee on Trade Facilitation (NCTF)  The NCTF is a mandatory requirement under the WTOs Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA). but hopes to be one soon.

Germany. USA 2nd highest)  It is owned by 67 members – 48 from the region including India. labour and procurement standards that are essential to the mission of development lenders. terrorist financing and other related threats to the integrity of the international financial system. and regional integration.ias4sure.  India is a member  FATF Secretariat is housed at the headquarters of the OECD in Paris. All past year UPSC papers.  It comprises over 36 countries.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________  There has been criticism that ADB's large scale projects cause social and environmental damage due to lack of oversight  India has about 6% voting rights (4th highest. China says the AIIB will adopt international best practises. drawing protests from the USA Financial Action Task Force (FATF)  It is an inter‐governmental policy making body  It aims to establish international standards for combating money laundering and terrorist financing. regulatory and operational measures for combating money laundering. Track your progress (http://www.000 quality MCQs which are organised topic wise.com/download/  Try IAS4Sure Android App and ensure your success in Prelims.ias4sure. Japan highest.  It is dedicated to reducing poverty in Asia and the Pacific through inclusive economic growth.  Initially it was only dealing with developing policies to combat money laundering.  AIIB is regarded by some as a rival for the IMF. and the shares of non-Asian countries will be restricted to 25% of the total  The purpose of the multilateral development bank is to provide finance to infrastructure projects in the Asia Pacific region. > 10.000 Quality practice MCQs. and France have now decided to join in as founding members. China  37 founding members  The capital of the bank is $100 billion. Functions: This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info.ias4sure. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. please visit http://www. But in 2001 its purpose was expanded to act against terrorism financing. o Practice more than 10.  It was established in 1989 during the G7 Summit in Paris (France) to combat the growing problem of money laundering.com/mobile-app/ Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)  This is an international financial institution  It aims to support the building of infrastructure in the Asia Pacific region  It is an initiative of government of China  HQ : Beijing. environmentally sustainable growth.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 8 . the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank (ADB). The UK. which the AIIB says are dominated by developed countries like the United States and Japan  AIIB will concentrate on infrastructure  Critics (such as the US) warn that the China-led bank may fail to live up to the environmental. o Practice all past year UPSC papers o Study Notes in mobile o Track your Progress o http://www.ias4sure.  Download other free notes from http://www. Objectives: Set standards and promote effective implementation of legal. equivalent to 2/3 of the capital of the Asian Development Bank and about half that of the World Bank  China will remain the biggest shareholder in the bank (India second largest).

Respond to new and emerging threats. asteroids. Set international standards to combat money laundering and terrorist financing. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. are collectively known as the World Bank This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. at the PhD level and beyond.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ 1. 4. forestry and fisheries practices. the International Development Association. o provide international safeguards against misuse of nuclear technology and nuclear materials. o providing information and developing standards to ensure the safety and security of nuclear facilities. acts as a neutral forum where all nations meet as equals to negotiate agreements and debate policy  FAO is also a source of knowledge and information. Track your progress (http://www. such as proliferation financing (used for promoting proliferation of chemical. trends and techniques. o It is an internationally recognized authority for assigning designations (names) to celestial bodies (stars. and o Safeguards and Verification  The IAEA executes this mission with three main functions: o the inspection of existing nuclear facilities to ensure their peaceful use. planets. Italy  In theory. biological and nuclear weapons) Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO)  It is a UN body  It leads international efforts to defeat hunger  Established : 1945  HQ : Rome.) and any surface features on them. 2. ensuring good nutrition and food security for all  India is a member of FAO International Astronomical Union  IAU is a collection of professional astronomers. and o promote nuclear safety (including radiation protection) and nuclear security standards and their implementation  Three main areas of work that underpin the IAEA's mission are: o Safety and Security. etc.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 9 . active in professional education and research in astronomy. including manufacturing of nuclear weapons  It reports to the UNGA and the UNSC (although it is an independent body)  IAEA : o Promotes development of peaceful applications of nuclear technology. France  Objective: o Promote and safeguard the science of astronomy in all its aspects through international cooperation.ias4sure. please visit http://www. and helps developing countries and countries in transition modernize and improve agriculture. o Science and Technology.ias4sure.000 Quality practice MCQs. All past year UPSC papers. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)  Established in 1957  HQ : Vienna. and to prohibit its use for any military purpose. and o as a hub for the various fields of science involved in the peaceful applications of nuclear technology International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)  It is an international financial institution that offers loans to middle-income developing countries. Assess and monitor compliance with the FATF standards.  Founded: 1919  HQ : Paris. Austria  It seeks to promote peaceful use of nuclear energy. > 10. Conduct studies of money laundering and terrorist financing methods.  HQ in Washington DC  It was established in 1944 with the mission of financing the reconstruction of European nations devastated by World War II  The IBRD and its concessional lending arm. 3.

the problem of finding impartial prosecutors acceptable to the entire international community and the definition of crimes that would come within the ICC’s jurisdiction emerged are some of the challenges that India cites for not accepting ICC’s jurisdiction International Development Association (IDA)  The International Development Association (IDA) is an international financial institution which offers concessional loans and grants to the world’s poorest developing countries. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. the jurisdiction of ICJ is mandated by a treaty or a pre-existing agreement  India is a party to ICJ International Criminal Court (ICC)  It is an intergovernmental organisation and international tribunal  It sits in The Hague. and o access to improved sanitation International Court of Justice (ICJ)  It is the primary judicial branch of the United Nations  Established in 1945  It is seated in The Hague. and the UN General Assembly  Judge term : 9 years  Number of Judges : 15  ICJ only has jurisdiction over any dispute. the difficulty of collecting evidence.Under this.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 10 . India is not one of them (neither are China and the USA)  The ICC is intended to complement existing national judicial systems and it may therefore only exercise its jurisdiction when certain conditions are met. nine investigations have been opened. o domestic policy. All of the official investigations have been in Africa. > 10. and hence the ICC has been accused of selective enforcement of western imperialism towards African countries  Why India is not a member of the ICC? The issue of State sovereignty and national interests versus the powers of the ICC. o healthcare. so it’s a debate whether India will be a beneficiary because India really needs support from it International Energy Agency (IEA) This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. o education. please visit http://www. o environmental consciousness. and 36 individuals have been indicted. The Netherlands  The court settles legal disputes submitted to it by states and provides advisory opinions on legal questions submitted to it by duly authorized international branches. a state accepts jurisdiction of ICJ for a particular case or class of cases. crimes against humanity. o Compulsory Jurisdiction . if the both concerned parties (states) submit to the jurisdiction of ICJ This can be done in two ways – o Voluntary Jurisdiction . such as when national courts are unwilling or unable to prosecute criminals or when the United Nations Security Council or individual states refer investigations to the Court  So far.Under this. agencies.ias4sure. the Bank's mandate expanded to advancing worldwide economic development and eradicating poverty  The IBRD provides commercial-grade or concessional financing to sovereign states to fund projects that seek to o improve transportation and infrastructure. and war crimes  It was created by the ‘Rome Statute’  Has 122 member countries. All past year UPSC papers. o access to food and potable water. o energy investments. The Netherlands  The ICC has the jurisdiction to prosecute individuals for the international crimes of genocide.ias4sure.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________  Following the reconstruction of Europe.000 Quality practice MCQs. Track your progress (http://www.  HQ in Washington DC  Recent issue: India is no longer eligible for IDA fund because India per capita income is greater than $1260.

 HQ : Jamaica  It functions under the aegis of the United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)  It has an observer status to UN  Why in news? India extended contract with ISA to explore Polymetallic Nodules in Indian Ocean International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea  It is an intergovernmental organisation  Created by UNCLOS in 1982 (Came in force in 1994)  It established an international framework for law over "all ocean space. First meeting)  HQ : London. regulates and control all mineral (non-living resources) related activities in the international seabed area beyond the limits of national jurisdiction. UK  The IMO's primary purpose is to develop and maintain a comprehensive regulatory framework for shipping and its remit today includes safety. it does not impose sanctions on governments International Maritime Organisation  It is a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for regulating shipping. o economic development. Track your progress (http://www. social protection. as well as serving as an information source on statistics about the international oil market and other energy sectors. environmental concerns. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. particularly international labour standards. especially China. Germany New Development Bank  Also referred as BRICS Development Bank  It is a multilateral development bank operated by BRICS states.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________  Located in Paris  Autonomous intergovernmental organization  Established in 1974 in the wake of the 1973 oil crisis  The IEA was initially dedicated to responding to physical disruptions in the supply of oil. please visit http://www. and work opportunities for all  India is a member of ILO  The ILO registers complaints against entities that are violating international rules. > 10.  Established in 1948 (Came into force in 1959.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 11 .ias4sure. and multinational energy technology co-operation International Labor Organization (ILO)  Established in 1919  It is a UN agency  HQ : Geneva. maritime security and the efficiency of shipping International Seabed Authority  It is an intergovernmental body that organizes. and o environmental protection  The IEA has a broad role in promoting alternate energy sources (including renewable energy). All past year UPSC papers. India.  The IEA acts as a policy adviser to its member states. technical co-operation.000 Quality practice MCQs. however.  The bank's primary focus of lending will be infrastructure projects  The bank will have starting capital of $50 billion. Switzerland  It deals with labour issues. and Russia  India is not a member  The Agency's mandate has broadened to focus on the "3Es" of effectual energy policy: o energy security. but also works with non-member countries. its uses and resources"  Based in Hamburg. legal matters.ias4sure. with capital increased to $100 billion over time This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. rational energy policies.

and provide technical assistance for projects to be supported by the Bank Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)  It is an international organisation  HQ : The Hague.ias4sure. Russia. on the board of the bank. Track your progress (http://www.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________  Brazil. and the management of marine natural resources  It defines : This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. o shall cooperate with international organizations and other financial entities. China  Formed in 2015  The first regional office of the NDB will be opened in Johannesburg. establishing guidelines for businesses. here each participant country will be assigned one vote. and no country will have veto power  Countries apart from the BRICS countries will also be members. and international and regional trade. which assigns votes based on capital shares. equity participation and other financial instruments. The Netherlands  Established in 1899  It is not a court and does not have permanent judges. sovereignty. > 10. guarantees.the bank will have some countries from ‘the south’ on a rotational basis. which took place between 1973 and 1982  The Law of the Sea Convention defines the rights and responsibilities of nations with respect to their use of the world's oceans.  The cases span a range of legal issues involving territorial and maritime boundaries. intergovernmental organizations.000 Quality practice MCQs.  The PCA is a permanent bureaucracy that assists temporary tribunals to resolve disputes among states (and similar entities).ias4sure. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. the environment. the UN’s Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague ruled that Sergeant Salvatore Girone (Italian Marine) be allowed to return home until the dispute is resolved through arbitration UN Convention on the Law of the Sea  It is also called the Law of the Sea Convention or the Law of the Sea treaty  It is the international agreement that resulted from the third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS III). and they will be allowed to vote  The bank will allow new members to join but the share of BRICS countries cannot drop below 55%  HQ : Shanghai.  The decision of the arbitrators is binding in all cases on the parties. human rights. please visit http://www. international investment. South Africa  K V Kamath is its President  What will NDB do? o the Bank shall support public or private projects through loans. All past year UPSC papers.  Why in news? In its interim ruling. or even private parties arising out of international agreements.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 12 . China and South Africa will initially contribute $10 billion each to bring the total to $50 billion  Unlike the World Bank. India.

All past year UPSC papers.  The General Assembly can suspend the rights and privileges of any Council member that it decides has persistently committed gross and systematic violations of human rights during its term of membership.  It meets at the UN Office at Geneva.ias4sure. Last year. please visit http://www.  The term of each seat is three years. Track your progress (http://www.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 13 .  India is only one of eight countries which have been a member of UNCITRAL since its inception. Membership is structured to ensure representation of the world’s various geographic regions and its principal economic and legal systems.  The Council is made up of 47 United Nations Member States which are elected by the UN General Assembly.  India is a founding member of UNCITRAL.  The council works closely with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights and engages the United Nations’ special procedures. (2016 World Health Organization (WHO) This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info.  It also aims to modernize and harmonize rules on international business. United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL)  UNCITRAL was established by the UN General Assembly in 1966 to promote the progressive harmonisation and unification of international trade law. The suspension process requires a two--thirds majority vote by the General Assembly. > 10.  The Commission comprises 60 member States elected by the United Nations General Assembly fo for a term of six years. it was re-elected elected for a term of six years (2016-2022).ias4sure. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ UNHRC  It is an inter-governmental governmental body within the United Nations system  It is responsible for strengthening the promotion and protection of human rights around the globe and for addressing situations of human rights violations and make recommendations on them.000 Quality practice MCQs.  It iss the core legal body of the United Nations system in the field of international trade law. and no member may occupy a seat for more than two consecutive terms.

World Bank The World Bank is an international financial institution that provides loans to developing countries for capital programs. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. International Groups APEC This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. United States. Membership: 189 countries (IBRD).ias4sure.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 14 .  It provides food assistance to an average of 80 million people in 75 countries each year. o Practice all past year UPSC papers o Study Notes in mobile o Track your Progress o http://www.ias4sure.  It is the world’s largest humanitarian organization addressing hunger and promoting food security. Motto: Working for a World Free of Poverty. All past year UPSC papers. Switzerland  India is a member of WIPO and party to several treaties administered by WIPO.  It was established in 1961 after the 1960 Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) Conference. Formation: July 1944.000 Quality practice MCQs.  Its headquarter is in Rome (Italy) and has more than 80 country offices around the world. > 10. It comprises of two institutions:  International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)  International Development Association (IDA).  Created in 1967  Aims to encourage creative activity.com/download/  Try IAS4Sure Android App and ensure your success in Prelims. World Food Programme  The WFP is the food-assistance branch of the United Nations. which is part of the United Nations system.ias4sure. please visit http://www.000 quality MCQs which are organised topic wise. Track your progress (http://www.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________  WHO is a specialised agency of UN  It is concerned with international public health  Established in 1948  HQ : Geneva. o Practice more than 10. Switzerland  India is a founder member of WHO  Download other free notes from http://www. Headquarters: Washington DC. 173 countries (IDA) The World Bank is one of the five components of the World Bank Group.com/mobile-app/ World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO)  The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is one of the 17 specialized agencies of the United Nations. to promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world  HQ : Geneva.  It is a member of the United Nations Development Group (UNDG) and part of its Executive Committee.  It works to help people who cannot produce or obtain enough food for themselves and their families.ias4sure.

Peru. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. Laos i. Singapore. Malaysia c. all 10 current members were not founding members  Current members are: a. Vietnam  Aims: o Accelerating economic growth.ias4sure. Philippines d.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________  APEC stands for Asia-Pacific Pacific Economic Cooperation  It is a regional economic forum of 21 Pacific Rim member economies  Established in 1989  APEC’s 21 members aim to promote free trade throughout the Asia-Pacific Asia region  APEC account for about half the world’s trade and almost 60 per cent of global GDP  Why was it established?  In response to the growing interdependence inter of Asia-Pacific Pacific economies and the advent of regional trade blocs in other parts of the world. please visit http://www. Nov 2016 ASEAN  ASEAN stands for Association of South East Asian Nations  It is a political and economic organisation of 10 SE Asian nations  Formed in 1967  Founding members were Indonesia. Track your progress (http://www.000 Quality practice MCQs. > 10. Cambodia h.ias4sure. the Philippines. and Thailand i. Singapore e. Indonesia Malaysia. Myanmar (Burma) j. India has applied but membership was denied because it does not border Pacific Ocean  India is an observer member in APEC  HQ: Singapore  Map : Latest Summit:  Pasay. Thailand f. o Protection of regional stability o Providing a mechanism for member countries to resolve differences peacefully ‘The ASEAN Way’: Doctrine that the member countries will largely mind their own business when it comes to internal matters of member countries ASEAN Plus Three: Was created to improve existing ties with the China. Brunei g. Metro Manila (Philippines).  To fears that highly industrialized Japan (a member of G8) would come to dominate economic activity in the Asia-Pacific region. Indonesia b.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 15 . and sociocultural evolution among its members. If the ASEAN nations were a single country. and  To establish new markets for agricultural products and raw materials beyond Europe  India is not a member. growth social progress..e. All past year UPSC papers. Nov 2015  Lima. Japan and South Korea. their combined economy would rank the 7th largest in the world HQ : Jakarta. Indonesia India o Has and FTA with ASEAN (operational since 2010) o Shares border both land/marine This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info.

Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. Bhutan. Nov 2015 ASEM  ASEM stands for ASIA-Europe Europe Meeting Summit  It is an informal dialogue process  It brings together 53 entities – including 51 countries (including ( India)) from Asia and Europe and two regional bodies European Union (EU) and the ASEAN  Established in 1996 in Bangkok  The dialogue alogue addresses political.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ o Large number of Indian origin people living in these countries  Map: Latest Summit:  Kuala Lampur (Malaysia). Track your progress (http://www.ias4sure. and infrastructure BCIM  BCIM stands for Bangladesh-China China-India-Myanmar  It is a sub-regional organisation This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. > 10. transport.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 16 . connectivity of power. All past year UPSC papers. economic and cultural issues between the two regions  It also seeks to strengthen the relationship between the two regions in a spirit of mutual respect and equal partnership  Map BBIN  BBIN stands for Bangladesh.ias4sure. India and Nepal  It is a sub-regional regional architecture of these 4 countries  Aims to formulate. implement and review quadrilateral agreements across areas such as water resources management.000 Quality practice MCQs. please visit http://www.

Taw Myanmar in March 2014.  The multi-modal modal corridor will be the first expressway between India and China and will pass through Myanmar and Bangladesh  BCIM evolved from ‘Kunming Kunming Initiative’ Initiative (A platform in 1990s) BIMSTEC  BIMSTEC stands for Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Multi Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation  It is an international organisation involving a group of countries in South Asia and South East Asia. tourism. political and cultural cooperation between the BRICS nations This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. All past year UPSC papers. > 10. Track your progress (http://www. India.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________  It aims at greater integration of trade and investment between the four countries  BCIM economic corridor is an initiative conceptualised for significant gains through sub sub-regional economic cooperation within the BCIM. transport and communication. BRICS  BRICS is an acronym for Brazil. Bangladesh  The main objective of BIMSTEC is technological and economic cooperation among south Asian and south east Asian countries along the coast of the bay of Bengal . fisheries. India.000 Quality practice MCQs. Russia.ias4sure. please visit http://www. Africa included in 2010). China and South Africa  Originally it was BRIC (S. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. leather etc. and Thailand were founding members  HQ : Dhaka. human resource development. Commerce.ias4sure. agriculture. have been included in it  BIMSTEC uses the alphabetical order for the Chairmanship  Bhutan has never been chairman (Skipped itself)  Current chairmanship : Nepal  Map: Latest Summit:  Third Summit was held in Nay Pyi Taw. technology. Term coined in 2001  Members are : o Major emerging national economies o Developing or newly industrialised nations o G 20 members  First formal summit was held in 2009 in Russia  Formed in 2011  It encourages commercial. Sri Lanka.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 17 . textiles.  7 members : o Bangladesh o India o Myanmar o Sri Lanka o Thailand o Bhutan o Nepal  Established in 1997 in Bangkok  Bangladesh. investment.

1999).  Map : This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. > 10.ias4sure. Russia. commonwealth countries can seek assistance at the British embassy. It is an ASEAN led initiative. July 2015 Commonwealth of Nations  Formerly called the British Commonwealth  It is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that were mostly territories of the former British Empire  HQ : London  Mozambique and Rwanda are also its members. October 2016  2017 (9th) Summit will be held in China  7th Summit.000 Quality practice MCQs.ias4sure. South East Asian and South Asian nations. thee five BRICS countries represent over 3 billion people. world peace etc.  Commonwealth countries tries in theory do not consider each other ‘foreign’. please visit http://www. the commonwealth has suspended members for not not maintaining democratic governments (such as Nigeria from 1995-1999). and hence send ‘High Commissioners’ and not ‘Ambassadors’  Several countries (such as Britain. human rights. Recently.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________  New Development Bank is an outcome of this platform  Except India. It aims to promote democracy. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. or 42% of the world population  Map Latest Summit:  8th Summit Goa. Caribbean islands) grant the right to vote to any commonwealth country citizen residing in their territory to o vote in their elections  In non-commonwealth commonwealth countries. to maintain close economic ties with its erstwhile colonies that were now rapidly becoming independent  It is not a trade block.  18 members : o 10 ASEAN nations o China. Japan and South Korea (ASEAN + 3) o Australia o New Zealand o India o Russia o USA  Started in 2005 from Kuala Lumpur  EAS meetings are held after annual ASEAN leaders’ meetings. in case their own country does not have consular services in that country  On occasion. all other members GDP is slowing down bringing average GDP growth of the BRICS to near zero  As of 2015.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 18 . All past year UPSC papers. given the war crimes inflicted on Tamils during the civil war East Asia Summit  It is a forum of East Asian. there have been lots of protests demanding that Sri Lanka be dropped. Track your progress (http://www. who were never colonies of Britain  This was set up after the second world war (in 1949) by Britain.

> 10.  Their economic and political influence has grown significantly in the last decades. Reforms.ias4sure. agriculture and energy policies  In future. Track your progress (http://www. Germany and Japan  All members support each other’ss bids for permanent seats on the United Nations Security Council  2004  Each of these four countries have figured among the elected non-permanent non permanent members of the council since the UN's establishment. in the UNSC  France supports inclusion of G4 and an African representative as permanent member with no objection to the veto power being extended to new permanent members. including more representation for developing countries countries. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. Nov 2015 Eurasian Economic Union (EEU)  It is an economic union of states located in Northern Eurasia  Established in 2015  HQ : Moscow  5 members : o Armenia o Belarus o Kazakhstan o Kyrgyzstan o Russia  The EEU introduces the free movement of goods. All past year UPSC papers. capital.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 19 . This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. both in the permanent and non-permanent permanent categories.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ Latest Summit:  Kuala Lampur (Malaysia). please visit http://www. Brazil. UK supports G4 as new members but without veto power.ias4sure. services and people and provides for common transport. reaching a scope comparable to the permanent members (P5)  G4 campaigns for U. it can evolve with provisions for a single currency and greater integration integrati  Map: G4  Members : India.N.000 Quality practice MCQs.

will be held in Hamburg. o Italy. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. o Canada. Italy. o Brazil.000 Quality practice MCQs. May 2016 G20  It is an international forum for the governments and central bank governors from 20 major economies. o Australia. and the United States.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ G7  The Group of 7 (G7) is a group consisting of Canada. o India. China in September 2016  In 2017. Japan. o Japan. please visit http://www. o South Korea. o China. Germany This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. the United Kingdom. o France.  Founded in 1999  Its aim was to review policy decisions to enhance international financial stability  It now deliberates on global economic issues and other important development challenges. o Germany. o United Kingdom and o United States  G20 economies account for around 85% of the gross world product (GWP). o Mexico. if excluding EU intra-trade.  The European Union is also represented within the G7. 80% of world trade (or.  These countries are the seven major advanced economies as reported by the International Monetary Fund. France.  First Head of State Summit was held in 2008 (Due to Economic Crisis)  20 Members ( EU U + 19 Countries) : o Argentina. o Russia.  G7 countries represent more than 64% of the net global wealth  Common denominator among members is the economy and long-term term political motives Latest Summit:  Kashiko Island (Japan). o Saudi Arabia. All past year UPSC papers. 75%). o Indonesia. Pink : Guests) Latest Summit:  Hangzhou. o Turkey. > 10. Track your progress (http://www.ias4sure.ias4sure. and two-thirds thirds of the world population  G20 replaced G8 as the main economic council of wealthy nations  Map: (Blue : members.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 20 . Germany. o South Africa.

Iran. Mauritius. culture. Saudi Arabia. Comoros. Australia and Somalia. 2011 (Addis Adaba) . please visit http://www. Indonesia. All past year UPSC papers. Thailand.  IBSA was formalised and launched through throu the adoption of the “Brasilia Brasilia Declaration Declaration” in 2003  Brasilia Declaration (2003) : Approved urgent need for reforms in the United Nations. Track your progress (http://www.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ India-Africa Forum India Africa Summit  The India–Africa Africa Forum Summit (IAFS) is the official platform for the African--Indian relations. 7. Add that) Factual Information:  The 2017 Indian-Ocean Ocean Rim Association (IORA) Summit (March 5-7. Marrakesh to Mombassa" Mombassa  Credit at concessional rates of $10 billion over 5 years (in addition to 4. India. Myanmar are not members  Secretariat of IORA is located at Ebene. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. UAE. Business and Academia.  Maldives. Seychelles. India-Africa Health fund) IBSA  IBSA stands for India-Brazil-South South Africa  South-South cooperation  All Developing Democracies  The forum provides the three countries with a platform to engage in discussions for cooperation in the field of agriculture."Cairo Cairo to cape town. Madagascar.ias4sure.000 Quality practice MCQs. Singapore.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 21 . Yemen. 2015 (New Delhi) Summit 2015  Delhi Declaration  Infrastructure building . Mozambique. trade. Mauritius. > 10. IORA  IORA stands for Indian Ocean Rim Association  It consists of coastal statess bordering the Indian Ocean  The IORA is a regional forum which bring together representatives of Government. especially the Security Council. Sri Lanka. Tanzania. Malaysia.ias4sure. for promoting co-operation operation and closer interaction among them  21 member states : South Africa. 2017) was the first IORA Summit Summit. Oman. Kenya.  The organisation was first established as Indian Ocean Rim Initiative in Mauritius on March 1995 and formally launched in 1997 by the conclusion of a multilateral treaty known as the Charter of the Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Co-operation operation  Map: (Somalia is not shown in this. Pakistan. This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info.  Started in 2008  Intergovernmental attempt to give direction and thrust to bilateral synergy  Summits: 2008 (New Delhi). Bangladesh. and defence among others.7 billion that India had already pledged since 2008)  Grant rant assistance of $600 million (India-Africa (India dev fund .

o Thailand. please visit http://www. o Cambodia. o Ecuador. and o Venezuela.ias4sure. o culture. one vote  OPEC sets production targets for its member nations and generally.  Gabon left OPEC  It operates on the principle of unanimity. o Libya. Track your progress (http://www.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 22 . and one member. and o transportation  The organization takes its name from the Ganga and the Mekong.  OPEC decisions have come to play a prominent role in the global oil market and international relations  Map : This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. o Kuwait. o Qatar. o Saudi Arabia (the de facto leader). Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. o Indonesia.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ Mekong-Ganga Cooperation  Established in 2000  It comprises six member : o India..ias4sure. All past year UPSC papers. oil prices increase  As of 2015. two large rivers in the region  Map: OPEC  OPEC stands for Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries  Founded in 1960 in Bagdad  HQ : Vienna  13 members o Algeria. the 13 countries accounted for 43 percent of global oil production and 73 percent of the world's "proven" oil reserves. o Iraq. o Laos and o Vietnam  They emphasised four areas of cooperation: o tourism. o Iran. o Nigeria.000 Quality practice MCQs. > 10. giving g OPEC a major influence on global oil prices. o education. o Myanmar. o United Arab Emirates. o Angola. when OPEC production targets are reduced.

ias4sure.000 Quality practice MCQs. Malaysia.  10 ASEAN nations are : a. Track your progress (http://www. New Zealand  RCEP negotiations were formally launched in November 2012 at the ASEAN Summit in Cambodia  RCEP is viewed as an alternative to the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade agreement. Thailand. Australia. Japan.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ OECD  OECD stands for Organisation for Economic Co-operation Co and Development  It is an international economic organisation  Established in 1961  Secretariat : Paris  Members : 34  Aims to stimulate economic progress and world trade  Its members are committed to Democracy and Market Economy  Most OECD members are high-income income economies with a very high igh Human Development Index (HDI) and are regarded as developed countries  India is not a member of OECD  Map: (Dark Blue : Founding members) RCEP  RCEP stands for Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership  It is a proposed free trade agreement between between countries of ASEAN(10 countries) and 6 other countries with which ASEAN has existing FTAs (including India). Burma (Myanmar). Indonesia. Cambodia. g. Singapore. Vietnam  6 Other Nations are : a.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 23 . f. Laos. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. e. c. South Korea and f. h. > 10. j. i. d. Brunei. c. All past year UPSC papers. e. b. China. India. d. which includes the United States but excludes China This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. Philippines. b. please visit http://www.ias4sure.

 Map: SAARC  SAARC stands for South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation  It is regional intergovernmental organization and geopolitical union in South Asia. Myanmar.3 trillion. All past year UPSC papers. European Union. China. and United States. Track your progress (http://www.  Founded in Dhaka in 1985  Secretariat : Kathmandu  8 Members: o Afghanistan (Joined in 2007) o Bhutan o Bangladesh o India o Pakistan o Nepal o Sri Lanka o Maldives  Myanmar and China are not its members  Nine observer states: Australia. Iran. Pakistan Shang Shanghai Cooperation Organisation This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. Nepal in 2014  2016 Summit to be held in Islamabad.  SAARC compromises 3% of the world's area. accounting for about 40 percent of world trade  The combined GDP of potentialtial of RCEP members surpassed the combined GDP of Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) members in 2007. Mauritius.12% of the global economy.ias4sure. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. Japan.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________  RCEP potentially includes more than 3 billion people or 45% of the world’ss population. > 10.000 Quality practice MCQs. 21% of the world's population and 9.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 24 . Light : Observer status) Latest Summit:  Kathmandu. and a combined GDP of about $21. please visit http://www. South Korea. as of 2015  The organization promotes development economics and regional integration  SAFTA : South Asia Free Trade Agreement was launched in 2006  Map: (Dark : members.ias4sure.

Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. o Brunei. Track your progress (http://www. and military organisation  Founded in 2001 in Shanghai  6 members: o China. the SCO decided to admit India and Pakistan as full members.000 Quality practice MCQs. o enhance innovation. o support the creation and retention of jobs. > 10. o Singapore.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________  It is a Eurasian political. o Malaysia. please visit http://www. productivity and competitiveness. o Kyrgyzstan. o Mexico. o Australia. o Canada. and economic and cultural cooperation  Member countries are rich in energy resources (both fossil fuels and uranium)  HQ : Beijing. o New Zealand. Uzbekistan. o Chile.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 25 . o reduce poverty ty in our countries. o Tajikistan. military activities. New Zealand  It has not entered into force  Goals: o promote economic growth.ias4sure. June 2016 Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP)  TPP is a Trade Agreement among 12 Pacific Rim countries  It was signed on 4 February 2016 in Auckland. and they are expected to join by 2016  Main activities: cooperation on security. economic.ias4sure. o enhanced labor and environmental protections  12 Signatories: o USA. This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. July 2015  Tashkent. o Japan. o Peru. o Kazakhstan. All past year UPSC papers. China  Map: Latest Summit:  Ufa (Russia). and o Uzbekistan  SCO evolved from Shanghai Five (All above minus Uzbekistan)  On July 10. o raise living standards. o Russia. 2015. good governance. o promote transparency.

Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. Track your progress (http://www.  India became member of the African Development Bank (AfDB) in 1983.ias4sure.  Map: (Orange : members. please visit http://www. Blue : Potential members) Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)  It is a proposed trade agreement between the European Union and the United States  Aims to promote trade and multilateral economic growth  Its main three broad areas are: o market access.  The Union Finance Minister and Secretary.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 26 .  Why in news? India will be hosting the next Annual Meetings of the African Development Bank (A(AfDB) Group in Ahmedabad in May 2017 This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. o specific regulation. All past year UPSC papers. Department of Economic Affairs (DEA). Ministry of Finance are the Governor and Alternate Governor of the Bank respectively.ias4sure. and o broader rules and principles and modes of co-operation co  It is under negotiation  Map: International nternational NGOs and Others African Development Bank  The African Development Bank (AfDB) was established in 1963 with a view to promote the Economic Development and social progress of its regional members.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ o Vietnam  The agreement covers 40% of the world’s economy  India is not a part of this. > 10.000 Quality practice MCQs.

electronics hardware and software engineers will pave the path for overall knowledge development in the best possible way.  How this membership helps India? o As an Associate Member of CERN. a keystone component of the Antarctic ecosystem and over-exploitation of several other marine resources in the Southern Ocean This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. o They also had played significant role in the CMS (Compact Muon Experiment). > 10. o Through the Teachers programme. MERS. Australia. software development and deployment in the machine. o It will also open opportunities for Indian industries to participate directly in the CERN project. development and supply of hardware accelerator components.ias4sure. Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI) What is CEPI?  CEPI is a public-private alliance to finance and coordinate the development of new vaccines to prevent and contain infectious disease epidemics.  It is situated in North West suburbs of Geneva on France-Swiss Border.  Goal: Preserve marine life and environmental integrity in and near Antarctica  The CCAMLR was established in response to increasing commercial interest in Antarctic krill resources.ias4sure. chikungunya. All past year UPSC papers. and Nipah virus.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN)  CERN is world's largest nuclear and particle physics laboratory. SARS. Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. four associate member states (including India and Pakistan) and three International Organisations have observer status. and others.  It was established in . please visit http://www. teachers teaching in the higher secondary schools would also be able to participate in the programme and pass on the knowledge and quest for high-end science to their students. India will be a part of the huge scientific and technological endeavour.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 27 . o The India-CERN association as a whole is interdisciplinary in nature and the involvement of physicists.  CEPI’s plan includes preparations for possible outbreaks of Marburg fever. Lassa fever. o It is associated with the discovery of the Higgs Boson which is popularly known as the God particle. India (Department of Biotechnology) and Germany. World Economic Forum (WEF). o Indian scientists has been active in construction of the LHC in the areas of design. thereby encouraging large number of students to pursue their career in science. Why in news?  It received $460-million to develop vaccines against 3 emerging highly-contagious and fatal diseases.  It is part of the Antarctic Treaty System. one of the two large experiments that led to discovery of God particle.  It is being funded by the Wellcome Trust. Track your progress (http://www. Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR)  The CCAMLR was established by international convention in 1982 with the objective of conserving Antarctic marine life.  Achievements: o CERN operates the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) which is the world’s largest and most powerful particle accelerator.  These three diseases are Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS)-coronavirus. Japan. Lassa fever.  Members: It has 22 member states.  Functions: o The laboratory helps scientists and engineers probing fundamental structure of Universe using the most sophisticated scientific instruments and advanced computing systems o Provide the necessary infrastructure needed for high-energy physics research including particle accelerators. Nipah virus.  It was signed by 14 states and has been ratified by 35 states (including India) and the European Community  Headquarters: Tasmania.  Why in news? India has become an associate member. Governments of Norway. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. Rift Valley fever. o Becoming Associate Member of CERN will enhance participation of young scientists and engineers in various CERN projects and bring back knowledge for deployment in the domestic programmes.000 Quality practice MCQs.

ias4sure. Netherlands.com/download/  Try IAS4Sure Android App and ensure your success in Prelims. It operates an internal (or single) market which allows free movement of goods.ias4sure.com/mobile-app/ EU vs EEA  The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 28 countries. Croatia. Sydney and Lausanne. Belgium.  Since 2016. It allows them to be part of the EU’s single market  Switzerland is neither an EU nor EEA member  What is EEA? o EEA provides for the free movement of persons.  Its Headquarter is located in Lausanne (Switzerland). capital.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 28 . Germany.ias4sure. Malta. Greece. > 10. Portugal. Finland. services and capital within the internal market of the European Union (EU). It had replaced earlier mechanism of the IOC disciplinary commission.  Its courts are located in New York. France.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS)  CAS is an international quasi-judicial body  It is established to settle disputes related to sport through arbitration.  According to rule 61 of the Olympic Charter. Liechtenstein and Norway.000 Quality practice MCQs. goods. Poland. Republic of Cyprus. All past year UPSC papers. services and people between member states  The EU countries are: Austria. Bulgaria. UK has an option to be part of EEA  Map: This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. Sweden and the UK  The EEA includes EU countries and also Iceland. o Practice more than 10. o Practice all past year UPSC papers o Study Notes in mobile o Track your Progress o http://www. o The EEA was established on 1 January 1994 upon entry into force of the EEA Agreement  Why in news? After Brexit. Luxembourg. Lithuania. Spain. Romania. Denmark. Czech Republic.ias4sure. Latvia. Track your progress (http://www. Slovakia. please visit http://www. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. Estonia. Slovenia. all disputes in connection with the Olympic Games can only be submitted to CAS.  Why in news? CAS has banned Indian wrestler Narsingh Yadav for four years in doping case  Download other free notes from http://www.000 quality MCQs which are organised topic wise. Hungary. an anti-doping division of CAS was given full authority to judge doping cases at the Olympic Games. Italy. Ireland.

International Vaccine Institute (IVI)  IVI is an international non-profit organization devoted to developing and introducing new and improved vaccines to protect the people.  Its work is exclusively on vaccine development and introduction specifically for people in developing countries.  It was established in 1997 on the initiatives of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).ias4sure. OIC has permanent delegations to United Nations and the European Union.  Members: It consists of 57 member states including Iran and Pakistan. garnering global media attention."  For the Panama Papers more than 80 journalists worked on the data. 2. especially children. India is a blocked country. corruption. with a focus on neglected diseases affecting these regions. Saudi Arabia. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ International Consortium of Investigative Journalists  The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) is a Washington-based international network launched in 1997 by the Center for Public Integrity which includes 165 investigative journalists in over 65 countries who work together on "issues such as "cross-border crime. This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. > 10.  Administrative centre (headquarters): Jeddah.ias4sure. All past year UPSC papers. Collectively work to safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony. please visit http://www. 3. against deadly infectious diseases. IVI has 40 countries and the World Health Organization (WHO) as signatories to its Establishment Agreement.  Issues with India: In this organisation. Raise the collective voice of the Muslim world. culminating in a partial release on 3 April 2016. though it has about 12% of the world’s Muslim population.  Objective: 1. India has been blocked by Pakistan from joining the OIC over Kashmir issue.  Currently. Track your progress (http://www.  Why in news? India has become full-time member of IVI Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)  The OIC is an international organization founded in 1969. and the accountability of power.000 Quality practice MCQs.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 29 .

> 10. Maldives. the powers of the ECI are absolute and even litigation before the judiciary can only come after the completion of the election process. as they might be deemed inconvenient by the government of the day. which are special committees in the Parliament of India and the state legislatures. On appointment. both at the Centre and in the States. All past year UPSC papers. European Union and United Kingdom. World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) It is an international non-governmental organization (NGO) working in the field of the biodiversity conservation.  The reports of the CAG are taken into consideration by the Public Accounts Committees (PACs) and Committees on Public Undertakings (COPUs).ias4sure. SARTTAC  SARTTAC stands for South Asia Training and Technical Assistance Centre  Opened by IMF  Located in New Delhi  It purpose is economic capacity building in South Asia. i. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. Demand to Make CAG accountable to Parliament  Demand to make CAG responsible to parliament through constitutional amendment  Often CAG's report are not presented to legislature on time. Track your progress (http://www. This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. Apropos the elections. Bhutan.  CAG audits all receipts and expenditure of the Government of India and the state governments.e. Nepal and Sri Lanka to build human and institutional capacity and implement policies for growth and poverty reduction  SARTTAC is financed mainly by its six member South Asia countries (mentioned above) with additional support from Australia. This dilutes CAG's effectiveness in ensuring Executives accountability to parliament The present constitutional structure ensures independence of the CAG to go into the entire gamut of audit functions where public interest is involved. direct and control the election of the President.  The CAG is also the external auditor of Government-owned corporations and conducts supplementary audit of government companies.000 Quality practice MCQs.  It will allow the IMF to meet more of the high demand for technical assistance and training from the region. please visit http://www. the Vice-President and the legislatures. established by the Constitution of India under article 148.  Appointment: CAG is appointed by the President of India following a recommendation by the Prime Minister.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 30 . It is useful to draw the public’s attention to Article 324 of the Constitution. any non-banking/ non-insurance company in which the state and Union governments have an equity share of at least 51% or subsidiary companies of existing government companies.  Removal: The CAG can be removed only on an address from both house of parliament on the ground of proved misbehaviour or incapacity. and the reduction of humanity’s footprint on the environment..ias4sure.  The CAG enjoys the same status as a judge of Supreme Court of India in Indian order of precedence. National : Constitutional CAG  The Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India is an authority. India. including those of bodies and authorities substantially financed by the government. which fully empowers the Election Commission of India (ECI) to superintend. South Korea.  It will work to support local member countries of South Asia viz.The CAG vacates the office on attaining the age of 65 years age even without completing the 6 years term.  It is expected to become the focal point for the delivery of IMF capacity development services to South Asia. Bangladesh.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________  OIC regard parts of Kashmir as “occupied by India”. he/she has to make an oath or affirmation before the President of India.  It strategic goal is to help its member countries strengthen their institutional and human capacity to design and implement macroeconomic and financial policies that promote growth and reduce poverty.

 The Principal seat of Central Administrative Tribunal is at New Delhi and it has 16 Outlying Benches scattered all over the Country. the erstwhile National Commission for SCs & STs was bifurcated into two different Commissions. Track your progress (http://www.  The setup of the Commission of 1978 underwent change in 1987 and it was named as National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. the Constitution on its inception provided for appointment of a special office under Article 338 of the Constitution to investigate all matters relating to the safeguards provided for Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes and report to the President about the working of these safeguards.  The Chairman is normally a retired Chief Justice of a High Court. This Commission being a National Level Advisory body played the role of adviser on major policy and developmental issues relating to SCs/STs  Later. please visit http://www. he or she is independent of both the executive and the legislature.  It was established in 1985 under Section 29 of the Administrative Tribunals Act.000 Quality practice MCQs. and he or she reports directly to Parliament and to the PAC. Conventionally. senior-most Election Commissioner is appointed as CEC(no collegium like for CIC/ CVC) Removal is only by impeachment-like action Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT) Basic Facts:  CAT was established under Article 323A of the Constitution (inserted by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment. In pursuance of this provision a Special Officer known as the Commissioner for Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes was appointed for the first time on 18th November. 1976). In some instances. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App.) while in some other instances. How this institution has evolved over time?  In order to ensure that the safeguards provided to SCs and STs are properly implemented.  The Tribunal is headed by the Chairman and 65 Members. > 10. National Commission for SC NCSC  It is a constitutional body established with a view to provide safeguards against the exploitation of Scheduled Castes.  A proposal was mooted for amendment of Article 338 of the Constitution (46th Amendment) by replacing the single member Special Officer by multi-member system. through the 89th Amendment of the Constitution it was decided to have a separate National Commission for Scheduled Castes & separate National Commission for Scheduled Tribes. educational. 1985. 1978. the legislative auditor is the Auditor-General. 33 from Judicial (including Chairman) and 33 from the Administrative stream. This came into effect in 2004.K. with the latter guaranteeing him independence from the executive (as in the case of Australia and the U. Functions of the tribunal:  The tribunal adjudicates disputes and complaints with respect to Recruitment and Conditions of Service of the persons appointed to the Public Services and Posts in connection with the affairs of the Union or any State or of any other Local Authorities within the territory of India or under the control of the Government of India. the Auditor-General is an officer of Parliament. special provisions were made in the Constitution.  Apart from above the Tribunal also has the jurisdiction on the employees of 208 Public Sector Undertakings/ Organizations notified by the Government. CEC The President of India (based on a recommendation from incumbent Govt of India) appoints the Chief Election Commissioner. 1950.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 31 . This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info.  Thus. whose office is a core element of parliamentary oversight.ias4sure.  Aims to promote and protect their social.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ In most Commonwealth countries. All past year UPSC papers. The first Commission for SC & ST came into being on August.  It is a multi-member body consisting of Chairman and members.ias4sure. economic and cultural interests. as in the case of India.

 Repealing of National Commission for Backward Classes Act.  To discharge such other functions in relation to the protection.  All of them have tenure of three years from the date of assumption of charge.  To participate and advise on the planning process of socio-economic development of the Scheduled Castes and to evaluate the progress of their development under the Union and any State. welfare and socio- economic development of the Scheduled Castes. o It has to recommend measures to be taken by Governments for effective implementation of those safeguards and other measures for the protection. o Inquire into specific complaints with respect to the deprivation of rights and safeguards of STs.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ Functions of the commission:  To investigate and monitor all matters relating to the safeguards provided for the Scheduled Castes under this Constitution or under any other law for the time being in force or under any order of the Government and to evaluate the working of such safeguards. National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST)  NCST is constitutional body set up under Article 338A added through Constitution (89th Amendment) Act.ias4sure.  In this regard. o Present before President.  Composition: o Chairperson. please visit http://www. 2003.  To inquire into specific complaints with respect to the deprivation of rights and safeguards of the Scheduled Castes. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App.000 Quality practice MCQs. National Commission for Socially and Educationally Backward Classes (NSEBC)  It will replace National Commission for Backward Class. Composition:  The Commission consists of a chairperson. by rule specify.  Dissolution of the Commission constituted under the Act of 1993 This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info.  The First commission was constituted on 2004 with Kunwar singh as the chairperson. a vice-chairperson and three other members. reports upon the working of those safeguards. welfare and development and advancement of the Scheduled Castes as the President may.  Their conditions of service and tenure of office are also determined by the president. o A Vice-Chairperson and o Three full-time Members (including one lady Member).  The commission presents an annual report to the president.  Insertion of provision after Article 341 and 342 by inserting Article 342 A to provide for Parliament’s approval for every inclusion into and exclusion from the Central List of Other Backward Class (OBCs). 1993 and Rules framed under it. o Participate and advise in planning process of socio-economic development of the STs and to evaluate the progress of their development under the Centre and any State. All past year UPSC papers. constitutional amendment bill for amending Constitution mainly by insertion of Article 338B will be soon introduced in the Parliament. > 10.ias4sure. Vice Chairperson and three other Members. What has been approved?  Creation of a National Commission for Socially and Educationally Backward Classes (NSEBC) under new Article 338 B.  To present to the President. annually and at such other times as the Commission may deem fit.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 32 .  It was bifurcated from erstwhile National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. subject to the provisions of any law made by Parliament.  They are appointed by the President by warrant under his hand and seal.  Composition of the new NSEBC will include Chairperson.  Functions: o Investigate and monitor all matters relating to the safeguards provided for the STs under the Constitution or under any other law or under any order of the Government and evaluate the working of such safeguards. Track your progress (http://www. annually reports upon the working of those safeguards.  Insertion of a new Clause (26C) under Article 366 of the Constitution to define Socially and Educationally Backward Classes.  To make in such reports recommendations as to the measures that should be taken by the Union or any State for the effective implementation of those safeguards and other measures for the protection. welfare and socio-economic development STs.

please visit http://www. Mock exercise to test efficacy of Contingency Plans and operational preparedness of the various agencies. and their security agencies responsible for implementing Aviation Security measures b. Ensure that the persons implementing security controls are appropriately trained and possess all competencies required to perform their duties. It held that only in Rarest of rare cases abstention from court is justified. ancient monuments and remains of national importance. airlines operators.  Headquarters: New Delhi.  Numerous cases of Lawyer strikes o 2009: clash between lawyers and police in Madras HC --> led to formation of ShriKrishna Committee o September 2015: group of lawyer protesting against judges in Madras HC o June 2015: Madurai Lawyers against decision of wearing helmet in Court premises o July 2015: Indefinite strike by Delhi district court lawyers  Madras HC directed the Union government to consider entrusting the functions of Bar Council to an Expert Committee headed by retired SC judge along with academicians. 1987 following the 1985 bombing of Air India Flight 182. BCI. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App.  SC order in Common Cause vs UOI: It is unprofessional for lawyers to go on strike or boycott court.ias4sure. 1972. d.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ National : Non Constitutional Archaeological Survey of India (ASI)  The ASI is the premier organization for the archaeological researches and protection of the cultural heritage of the country.ias4sure. Laying down Aviation Security Standards in accordance with Annex 17 to Chicago Convention of ICAO for airport operators. legal experts. in TN --> DMK. It also regulates Antiquities and Art Treasure Act.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 33 .  The main responsibilities of BCAS include laying down standards and measures with respect to security of civil flights at international and domestic airports in India. IAS and police officers. Surprise/Dummy checks to test professional efficiency and alertness of security staff. All past year UPSC papers. Prominent Social workers. Track your progress (http://www. retd.  It regulates all archaeological activities as per the provisions of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act.g.Bar Council of India  Body entrusted with regulating the legal profession and to deal with lawyers who step out of line.  Established: 1861 by Alexander Cunningham. c.000 Quality practice MCQs. 2002 throughout India and to prevent activities that have an adverse effect on competition in India.  The prime objection of ASI is to maintain the archaeological sites. Doctors. 1958.  The BCAS was reorganized into an independent department under the Ministry of Civil Aviation on 1st April. It was established This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. Some concerns:  Politicization of bar associations e. It is duty of state and National bar councils to take action against striking associations. > 10. CCI Competition Commission of India is a body of the Government of India responsible for enforcing The Competition Act. a.  It functions under the aegis of the Union Ministry of Culture. PMK  Quality of lawyers deteriorating o Suggestion to stop three year degree and retain only 5-year course o Amend Advocates Act to prevent entry of criminal or extremist elements into the profession Bureau of Civil Aviation Security  The Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS) was initially set up as a Cell in the DGCA in January 1978 on the recommendation of the Pande Committee. AIDMK.

 The Competition Act. All past year UPSC papers. create public awareness and impart training on competition issues. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App.ias4sure.  Ensure fair and healthy competition in economic activities in the country for faster and inclusive growth and development of economy. as the Chief Executive of the authority. > 10.  It is the designated authority for cross border trade of electricity.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 34 .com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ on 14 October 2003. Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC). the authority shall consist of not more than 14 members.  The CEA is headed by a chairperson who.  It was established in 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of pollution) Act.  Implement competition policies with an aim to effectuate the most efficient utilization of economic resources.  The Commission is also required to give opinion on competition issues on a reference received from a statutory authority established under any law and to undertake competition advocacy. the Competition Commission of India endeavours to do the following:  Make the markets work for the benefit and welfare of consumers.  It is also responsible for concurrence of hydro power development schemes of central. state and private sectors for efficient development of river and its tributaries for power generation.  It is a national organization for overall development of silk sector in India This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. 1948.  Effectively carry out competition advocacy and spread the information on benefits of competition among all stakeholders to establish and nurture competition culture in Indian economy.  It functions under the aegis of Union Ministry of Textile.  Develop and nurture effective relations and interactions with sectoral regulators to ensure smooth alignment of sectoral regulatory laws in tandem with the competition law. To achieve its objectives.  It was established as a part time body in 1951 and made a full time body in the year 1975. which causes or likely to cause an appreciable adverse effect on competition within India. As per Section 70 (3) of the Electricity Act. acquiring of control and Merger and acquisition).  It serves as a field formation and also provides technical services to the Ministry of Environment and Forests under the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act.  CCI consists of a Chairperson and 6 Members appointed by the Central Government. 2002 prohibits anti-competitive agreements. oversees largely the development of power sector in the country. 2003. 1986.000 Quality practice MCQs. please visit http://www. safety and grid standards and installation and operation of meters. Central Pollution Control Board  The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) of India is a statutory organisation under the Ministry of Environment. protect the interests of consumers and ensure freedom of trade in the markets of India. Central Silk Board  CSB is a statutory body established under the Central Silk Board Act. Track your progress (http://www.  It also prescribes the standards on matters such as construction of electrical plants. 1948 and continued under Section 70 of the Electricity Act. promote and sustain competition. electric lines and connectivity to the grid.  It advises the government on matters relating to the National Electricity Policy (NEP) and formulates short-term and perspective plans for the development of electricity systems. including its chairperson of whom not more than eight shall be full time members to be appointed by the Central Government. 1974.ias4sure.  CPCB is also entrusted with the powers and functions under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act. 2003.  It Co-ordinates the activities of the State Pollution Control Boards by providing technical assistance and guidance and also resolves disputes among them. Central Electricity Authority Central Electricity Authority  The Central Electricity Authority (CEA) is a statutory organization constituted under Section 3 (1) of the repealed Electricity (Supply) Act.  The objectives of the Act are sought to be achieved through the Competition Commission of India (CCI). It became fully functional in May 2009.  The duty of the Commission is to eliminate practices having adverse effect on competition. abuse of dominant position by enterprises and regulates combinations (acquisition. 1981.

ought to be removed.  It also undertakes the investigations.  CVC is advisory body. All past year UPSC papers. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. utilization and conservation of water resources throughout the country. Navigation. CIC Central Information Commission: The Central Information Commission (CIC) is set up under the Right to Information Act and is the authorised body. under the Government of India. Designs and Research Wing (D&R) and 3. Union Home Minister and Leader of the Opposition in Lok Sabha (if there is no LoP then the leader of the single largest Opposition party in the Lok Sabha).  The Leader of Opposition in the Lok Sabha. Drinking Water Supply and Water Power Development.  The Chief Information Commissioner heads the Central Information Commission. This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. CIC hears appeals from information-seekers who have not been satisfied by the public authority. Track your progress (http://www. whichever is earlier. River Management Wing (RM).  A Union Cabinet Minister to be nominated by the Prime Minister. who shall be the Chairperson of the committee. CSIR Established 26th September.ias4sure. the body consists of central vigilance commissioner along with 2 vigilance commissioners. The Chief Information Commissioner and Information Commissioners are appointed by the President on the recommendation of a committee consisting of—  The Prime Minister. Water Planning and Projects Wing (WP&P).  Presently. on a reference made to it by the President. 2. established in 2005.  The work of the Commission is divided among 3 wings namely : 1. 1942 Chairperson Prime Minister of India About:  It is an autonomous body and the largest research and development (R&D) organisation in India – running 37 laboratories and 39 field stations or extension centres. River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation.  It was created via executive resolution (based on the recommendations of Santhanam committee) in 1964 but was conferred with statutory status in 2003.ias4sure.  The Central Vigilance Commissioner or any Vigilance Commissioner can be removed from his office only by order of the President on the ground of proved mis behavior or incapacity after the Supreme Court.  They are appointed by the President of India on the recommendations of a committee consisting of Prime Minister. as the case may be. please visit http://www.  It submits its report to the President of India. reported that the Central Vigilance Commissioner or any Vigilance Commissioner. Chief Vigilance Commission (CVC)  It is the apex vigilance institution.000 Quality practice MCQs.  It is charged with the general responsibilities of initiating and coordinating schemes of control.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ Central Water Commission (CWC)  CWC is apex Technical Organization of India in the field of Water Resources. Irrigation. on inquiry.  It is presently functioning as an attached office of Union Ministry of Water Resources.  These schemes are meant for purpose of Flood Control.  Their term is 4 years or 65 years. and also addresses major issues concerning the RTI Act. has. > 10. construction and execution of any such schemes as required.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 35 .

 However.  It is housed in the Department of Economic Affairs. Latest developments  CSIR has been asked in 2016.000 crore rupees are given final clearance by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) FSSAI  FSSAI is a nodal statutory agency responsible for protecting and promoting public health in India through the regulation and supervision of food safety.  It was established by an Administrative Order of the then Union Ministry of Education and Social Welfare. ocean sciences.  The Union Minister of Agriculture serves as its president.000 crore rupees are cleared by the FIPB. Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)  ICAR is an autonomous body responsible for co-ordinating agricultural education and research in India.  It reports to the Department of Agricultural Research and Education under the Union Ministry of Agriculture. grants.  It is the largest network of agricultural research and education institutes in the world. and symposia made to ICHR or through HRD Ministry. > 10. Union Ministry of Finance.  FSSAI was established under the Food Safety and Standards Act. Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India  IBBI has been tasked to regulate functioning of insolvency professionals. employees. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 36 . individuals and partnership firms in a time-bound manner. it operates as an autonomous body registered under the Registration of Societies Act. insolvency professional agencies and information utilities under Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code 2016. Track your progress (http://www. Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR)  ICHR is an autonomous body of the Union Ministry of Human Resource Development.  It is based in New Delhi with regional centers in Bengaluru (Karnataka) and Gowahati (Assam). petroleum.000 Quality practice MCQs. All past year UPSC papers.  ICHR disburses funds for carrying out research to Indian as well as foreign scholars on their applications for fellowships. food. please visit http://www. Structural engineering.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________  Although it is mainly funded by the Ministry of Science and Technology.  It has provided financial assistance to the historians and direction to the research scholars in their multifarious topics of historical research.  The Code was notified by the Union Government in May 2016 replacing existing bankruptcy laws.  The finance secretary is the chairman of the FIPB.  The research and development activities of CSIR includes aerospace engineering. Why important? CSIR Platinum Jubilee celebrations in 2016 Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB)  The FIPB is inter-ministerial body that offers a single window clearance for applications on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) that are under the approval route. leather. 2006 and operates under aegis of Union Ministry of Health & Family Welfare. to aim to self-generate half of its budget from its portfolio of inventions as well encourage its staff scientists to become entrepreneurs and start companies of their own. Life sciences.  It seeks to consolidate and amend laws relating to reorganisation as well as insolvency resolution of corporate persons.ias4sure. 1860.  Under this new law.ias4sure. and environment.  Why in news? ICHR is planning to document stories and legends relating to villages and towns across India into an encyclopaedia. chemicals.  Presently. metallurgy. mining. creditors and shareholders will have powers to initiate winding up process at first sign of financial stress such as serious default in repayment of bank loan This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. those proposals involving FDI of more than 3. FDI proposals up to 3.

 The Commission was originally constituted in 1955 and is re-constituted every three years. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App.ias4sure.  Undertake studies and research for bringing reforms in the justice delivery systems for elimination of delay in procedures.  It was founded in 1972 by a consortium of organizations convened by the Ford and the Rockefeller Foundations.  The tenure of the 20th Law Commission was upto 31st August.  Secretary.  It aims to promote and safeguard the interests and rights of Safai Karamcharis. National Commission for Safai Karamcharis (NCSK)  The NCSK was established in 1994 to deal with the grievances of persons engaged in manual scavenging.  Secretary.000 Quality practice MCQs.  It has a sanctioned strength of four members and a chairperson. 2015. Functions  Undertake research in law and review of existing laws in India for making reforms therein and enacting new legislations.  Its charter was signed by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). from time to time.  Various Law Commissions have been able to make important contribution towards the progressive development and codification of laws of the country.  four full-time Members (including a Member-Secretary). 1993.  Suggest enactment of new legislations as may be necessary to implement the Directive Principles and to attain the objectives set out in the Preamble of the Constitution.  Retired Judge of the Supreme Court Justice B S Chauhan was appointed as its Chairman About  The Law Commission of India is a non-statutory body constituted by the Government of India from time to time. speedy disposal of cases.  It has several regional centres around globe. All past year UPSC papers. studies and research undertaken by it and recommend in such reports for effective measures to be taken by the Union or any State. matters.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid-Tropics (ICRISAT)  ICRISAT is a non-profit agricultural research organization. India has granted special status to ICRISAT as a UN Organization operating in the Indian Territory making it eligible for special immunities and tax privileges.Niamey (Nigeria). reports on all issues. reduction in cost of litigation etc. Bulawayo (Zimbabwe).  Since its inception. National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. evaluate and monitor the implementation of various schemes for Safai Karamcharis as an autonomous organisation. Nairobi (Kenya) and research stations Bamako (Mali). Department of Legal Affairs as ex officio Member. > 10. please visit http://www. and  not more than five part-time Members. Law Commissions have so far submitted 262 reports.ias4sure.  HQ : Hyderabad. Track your progress (http://www.  Identify laws which are no longer relevant and recommend for the repeal of obsolete and unnecessary enactments.  Prepare and submit to the Central Government.  It is statutory body established under National Commission for Safai Karamcharis Act.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 37 . Law Commission of India  21st Law Commission of India is for a period of 3 years (2015-2018). Telangana. Legislative Department as ex officio Member. Composition  a full-time Chairperson.  Its mandate is to study.

Bengaluru. 1956)  All proceedings pending before any District court or High Court under the Old Act  Cases pending before the Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction (BIFR). Chandigarh. Chennai. thus.  The mandate of the National Council of Senior Citizens is to advise the Central and State Governments on the entire gamut of issues related to the welfare of senior citizens and enhancement of their quality of life.000 Quality practice MCQs. o Promotion of physical and financial security. Track your progress (http://www.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 38 .ias4sure. Guwahati.M. Structure The NCLT has eleven benches. including those pending under the Sick Industrial Companies (Special Provisions) Act. proving to be a boon for litigants. 2016 (Companies Act. Kumar) and judicial and technical members. National Council of Senior Citizens  The council is chaired by the Minister of Social Justice & Empowerment. please visit http://www.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ The National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) is a quasi-judicial body in India that adjudicates issues relating to companies in India. However. as necessary.  Being the sole forum dealing with company related disputes.  The Council is mandated to meet at least twice a year. It was renamed in 2012.ias4sure. Allahabad. 2013) Composition President (Justice M. Kolkata and Mumbai.  It is expected that once all relevant provisions under the Companies Act and the Bankruptcy Code are made effective. Powers of the National Company Law Tribunal The NCLT has been given wide powers under the Companies Act. Established 1st June.  The council was originally known as National Council for Older Persons (NPOP). 2016 (Bankruptcy Code). also provides wide powers to the NCLT to adjudicate upon the 'insolvency resolution process' and liquidation of corporate debtors. health and independent and productive living. programmes and legislative measures. oppression/mismanagement and insolvency. Note  All appeals against any order of the NCLT may be filed by the aggrieved parties with the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT). National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) Facts:  NDRF stands for National Disaster Response Force  It comes under Ministry of Home Affairs This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. any appeal against the orders of the CLB before the constitution of the NCLT would continue to lie before the relevant High Court and not the NCLAT.  In addition. 2013 to adjudicate:  Cases initiated before the Company Law Board under the previous act (Companies Act. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. Benefits of NCLT and NCLAT  The formation of the NCLT and the NCLAT is a significant step towards attaining fast and efficient resolution of disputes relating to affairs of the Indian corporates. including those of winding up. two at New Delhi (one being the principal bench) and one each at Ahmedabad. Hyderabad. > 10. 1985  Appeals or any other proceedings pending before the Appellate Authority for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction (AAIFR)  Fresh proceedings pertaining to claims of oppression and mismanagement of a company. the recently enacted Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code. these tribunals would also eliminate any scope for overlapping or conflicting rulings and minimise delays in resolution of disputes. o Awareness generation and community mobilization. All past year UPSC papers. with special reference to the following:- o Policies. these tribunals would provide holistic solutions to issues being faced by companies. winding up of companies and all other powers prescribed under the Companies Act.

Union Ministry of Science and Technology.  Capabilities for undertaking disaster response. Role and Mandate of NDRF:  Specialized response during disasters. Minister of Road Transport & Highways.  It will also coordinate all efforts of Union Government for the development of industrial corridor projects and will monitor their implementation. Reconnaissance.  Since then.  It was set up in February 2000 to provide institutional support for scouting.  Proactive deployment during impending disaster situations. sustaining. > 10.  Organize Public Awareness Campaigns.  It has been given permission to utilise financial assistance already sanctioned and an additional sanctioned amount of Rs 1. Track your progress (http://www.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 39 .  It is committed to making India innovative by documenting. Ministry of Commerce & Industry.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________  It is the only dedicated disaster response force in the world Background:  The Disaster Management Act. mitigation and capacity building. It will implement all the five proposed industrial corridors. high- tech. prevention. Civil Defence and Home Guards). standalone nature. Minister of Railways. National Innovation Foundation  NIF is an autonomous body of the Department of Science and Technology. spawning and scaling up the grassroots innovations across the country.e.ias4sure.  Impart basic and operational level training to State Response Forces (Police. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. adding value.  Besides.584 crore within the extended period up to 31 March.  It will consist of Minister of Commerce & Industry. All past year UPSC papers. Why it is said to be UNIQUE?  It is the only dedicated disaster response force of the world. please visit http://www. Rehearsals and Mock Drills.  The only agency with comprehensive response capabilities having multi-disciplinary and multi-skilled.  It will help in bringing in holistic planning and development approach and sharing the learning from development of industrial corridors.  Two national calamities in quick succession in the form of Orissa Super Cyclone (1999) and Gujarat Earthquake (2001) brought about the realization of the need of having a specialist response mechanism at National Level to effectively respond to disasters.  Community Capacity Building Programme. 2005 has made the statutory provisions for constitution of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) for the purpose of specialized response to natural and man-made disasters. National Industrial Corridor Development & Implementation Trust (NICDIT) NICDIT will be the apex body to oversee integrated development of all industrial corridors across the country.  Experienced paramilitary personnel specially trained and equipped for disaster response. About NICDIT:  NICDIT will function under the administrative control of Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) i.ias4sure. Vice-Chairman of NITI Aayog and Chief Ministers of states concerned as members.  It has taken major initiatives to serve knowledge-rich but economically poor people of the country. This realization led to the enactment of the DM Act on 26 Dec 2005. protecting IPR of contemporary unaided technological innovators as well as of outstanding traditional knowledge-holders and disseminating their innovations on non-commercial and commercial basis National Regulatory Authority of India This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. it has been actively engaged in promoting creativity and innovation in society. Minister of Shipping.000 Quality practice MCQs. an Apex Monitoring Authority will be constituted under the chairpersonship of the Finance Minister to periodically review the activities of NICDIT and progress of the projects. 2022. together covering 15 States.  Acquire and continually upgrade its own training and skills.  Liaison.

com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________  It is India's vaccine regulatory body. a Chairperson who is or has been a judge of the Supreme Court or of a High Court. One of the requirements to become eligible and retain prequalification status is to get assessed.000 Quality practice MCQs. 2. 1972.  It also provides strengthened institutional mechanisms for the protection of ecologically sensitive areas and endangered species. as a large vaccine producing country.  It addresses the administrative as well as ecological concerns for conserving tigers. it was also entrusted with the task of Himalayan Rivers Development Component of National Perspectives.  NRAI comprises the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO). Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App.  The commission considers inclusions in and exclusions from the lists of communities notified as backward for the purpose of job reservations and tenders the needful advice to the Central Government. who have special knowledge in matters relating to backward classes.  It was established to carry out the water balance and other studies on a scientific and realistic basis for optimum utilisation of Water Resources of the Peninsular rivers system. National Water Development Agency  NWDA is the agency of the Union Ministry of Water Resources. Adverse Events Following Immunization (AEFI) and Pharmaco-vigilance Programme of India (PvPI) structures at the Central and States levels. 2006 which had amended Wild Life (Protection) Act.ias4sure.  It also hears complaints of under-inclusion or over-inclusion of any backward class in such lists and tenders such advice to the Union Government as it deems appropriate. 3. by providing a statutory basis for protection of tiger reserves. National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA)  NTCA is a statutory body under the Union Ministry of Environment.  Besides it was tasked to prepare feasibility reports and give concrete shape to Peninsular Rivers Development Component of National Perspective.  In 1990. India.  It was provided statutory status by the Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act. a social scientist.  Why in News? WHO has given maximum ratings to NRAI  Significance of these ratings : India is one of the main players in the pharmaceutical industry worldwide and often is referred as pharmacy of the world.  The advice of the NCBC is ordinarily binding upon the Union Government This Commission will be replaced by a constitutional body now i. a Member-Secretary. WHO and PAHO).  It examines requests for inclusion of any class of citizens as a backward class in the lists of OBCs. 1982 as autonomous society under the Societies Registration Act.  It ensures enforcing of guidelines for tiger conservation and monitoring compliance of the same.  It was set up in July.  Recently. please visit http://www. the functions of NWDA have been further modified and the work of preparation of detailed Project Reports (DPR) of various link proposals and Pre-feasibility Reports. who is or has been an officer of the Central Government in the rank of a Secretary to the Government of India. Forest and Climate change. and 4. National Commission for Socially and Educationally Backward Classes (NSEBC) This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. Track your progress (http://www. State Drug Regulatory Authorities.  It is statutory body  The commission has five members: 1. All past year UPSC papers.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 40 .  Their term is of Three years.ias4sure. 1860. is currently supplying several vaccines to the United Nations agencies (UNICEF. > 10.e.  It has been also entrusted to prepare feasibility reports of intra-State links as proposed by the States.  It also places motivated and trained officers having good track record as Field Directors of tiger reserves. A fully functional NRAI is a pre-requisite for WHO prequalification of vaccines. National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC)  National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC) was set up as per the NCBC Act. two persons. 1993 in pursuance to the Supreme Court judgement in the Indra Sawhney case (1992).

the Council functions under the Press Council Act 1978 which arose from the recommendations of the Second Press Commission of India (1978). 1992  Its task is to hear and dispose of appeals against orders passed by the Securities and Exchange Board of India or by an adjudicating officer under the Act  It also exercise jurisdiction.  The chairperson should be a retired Chief Justice of a High Court and members should be a serving or retired judge of a High Court or a District Judge in the state with a minimum of seven years of experience as District Judge and a person having knowledge or practical experience with respect to human rights.ias4sure.ias4sure.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 41 . if any such case is already being inquired into by the National Human Rights Commission or any other Statutory Commission. whichever is earlier. Securities Appellate Tribunal  Securities Appellate Tribunal is a statutory body established under the provisions of Section 15K of the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act. > 10. Composition:  The State Human Rights Commission is a multi-member body consisting of a chairperson and two members. please visit http://www. It adjudicates the complaints against and by the press for violation of ethics and for violation of the freedom of the press respectively. It says. they can be removed only by the President (and not by the governor).  After their tenure. However. Term:  The chairperson and members hold office for a term of five years or until they attain the age of 70 years.  The President can remove them on the same grounds and in the same manner as he can remove the chairperson or a member of the National Human Rights Commission.  The Press Council is a quasi-judicial body which acts as a watchdog of the press.000 Quality practice MCQs. All past year UPSC papers. SHRC Issue: The Centre has told the Supreme Court that Delhi cannot have a State Human Rights Commission as it is a Union Territory and not a State.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ Press Council of India The Press Council of India is a statutory body in India that governs the conduct of the print media.  In the case of a state having Legislative Council. the speaker of the Legislative Assembly." Basics: The Protection of Human Rights Act of 1993 provides for the creation of not only the National Human Rights Commission but also a State Human Rights Commission at the state level. then the State Human Rights Commission does not inquire into that case. Appointment and Removal:  Although the chairperson and members of a State Human Rights Commission are appointed by the governor.  A sitting judge of a High Court or a sitting District Judge can be appointed only after consultation with the Chief Justice of the High Court of the concerned state.  Why in news? It quashed a SEBI order for giving different punishment to different companies for same offence. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. the chairperson and members are not eligible for further employment under a state government or the Central government. powers and authority conferred on the Tribunal by or under this Act or any other law for the time being in force.  Presently. the state home minister and the leader of the opposition in the Legislative Assembly. Jurisdiction: A State Human Rights Commission can inquire into violation of human rights only in respect of subjects mentioned in the State List (List-II) and the Concurrent List (List-III) of the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution. Track your progress (http://www. “Delhi has to continue without an SHRC until Parliament amends the law.  The chairperson and members are appointed by the Governor on the recommendations of a committee consisting of the chief minister as its head. the chairman of the Council and the leader of the opposition in the Council would also be the members of the committee.  It covers the whole of India.

 It coordinates research institutes.000 Quality practice MCQs. Delhi.ias4sure.com/download/  Try IAS4Sure Android App and ensure your success in Prelims.  The Tea Board India’s tasks include endorsement of the diverse production and productivity of tea. In 1947.  It provides recognition to universities in India. tea brokers. UGC  Statutory body  Set up in 1956  It is charged with coordination. 1949 and the Indian Tea Control Act.  It is the first organization of its kind within the government framework with the sole objective of commercializing the fruit of indigenous research. > 10. 1938 which were repealed.ias4sure.  The Board is reconstituted every three years. Innovation etc.  It consists of 11 Board members. ensuring the technical support of the tea trade in the global industry. This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. o Practice all past year UPSC papers o Study Notes in mobile o Track your Progress o http://www. determination and maintenance of standards of higher education. financial support of research organisations and the monitoring of advances in tea packaging as it relates to health beneficial aspects. Functions:  The Tea Board India is responsible for the assignment of certification numbers to exports of certain tea merchants.com/mobile-app/ Technology Development Board (TDB)  TDB is a statutory body established under Technology Development Board Act. the Committee was entrusted with the responsibility of dealing with all the then existing Universities. All past year UPSC papers. and representatives of Governments from the principal tea producing states. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. tea traders. 1995. please visit http://www.ias4sure. which in turn would reduce the amount of fraudulent labelling on rare teas.  It provides financial assistance to research and development institutions and equity capital or loans to industrial concerns.  Download other free notes from http://www. UGC was formed in 1946 to oversee the work of the three Central Universities of Aligarh. o Practice more than 10. the tea trade and government bodies.  Its mandate is to promote development and commercialisation of indigenous technology and adaptation of imported technology for wider application.  Previously.  The Board is constituted of 31 members (including Chairman) drawn from Members of Parliament. NOTE: TDB can be used in answers related to Make in India.  The Union Government had reconstituted the board in March 2000. and disburses funds to such recognized universities and colleges. Banaras and. This certification is intended to ensure the teas’ origin.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 42 . Track your progress (http://www.000 quality MCQs which are organised topic wise. and trade unions . tea producers.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ Tea Board of India  The Tea Board is set up under the Tea Act 1953.  The board plays a pro-active role by encouraging enterprises to take up technology oriented products. It has succeeded the Central Tea Board and the Indian Tea Licencing Committee which functioned respectively under the Central Tea Board Act.  The Tea Board is functioning as a statutory body of the Central Government under the Ministry of Commerce.ias4sure. consumers.

 It also assists and advises the Customs authorities in inspection of the consignments of flora & fauna as per the provisions of Wild Life Protection Act.  It supports many research efforts through grants and publishes the Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________  After independence. please visit http://www.  The UGC was however. the University Education Commission was set up in 1948 under the Chairmanship of S.  It was founded on 15 September 1883 and headquartered at Hornbill House. Wildlife Forensics. and five border.  It is tasked with capacity building of the wildlife crime enforcement agencies for scientific and professional investigation into wildlife crimes and assist states to ensure success in wildlife crimes prosecutions. Habitat Ecology. three sub-regional offices at Amritsar. Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) to combat organized wildlife crime in the country.  It assist foreign authorities and international organization concerned to facilitate co-ordination and universal action for wildlife crime control. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. Dehradun. and monitoring doping control program in sports in all its forms. by an Act of Parliament as a statutory body of the Government of India. Wildlife Policy.  Comes under Union Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports.  HQ : New Delhi  Regional offices at Delhi. and Climate Change.000 Quality practice MCQs. it is mandated to collect and collate intelligence related to organized wildlife crime and disseminate it to state and other enforcement agencies for immediate action. CITES and EXIM Policy governing such an item. Functions: It conducts specialised research in areas of study like Endangered Species. Mumbai. All past year UPSC papers. a special Act to protect the wildlife and fauna in the country. coordinating.  It was established in June 2007 by amending the Wildlife (Protection) Act (WLPA).  It advises Union Government on issues relating to wildlife crimes having national and international ramifications. Wildlife Institute of India (WII)  WII is an autonomous institution under the Union Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change. > 10. Guwahati. relevant policy and laws. Chennai and Jabalpur. Wildlife Management. Track your progress (http://www. 1972. formally established in November 1956.  It is based in Chandrabani. and Cochin.ias4sure. Radhakrishnan and it recommended that the UGC be reconstituted on the general model of the University Grants Commission of the United Kingdom. Spatial Modelling. National Anti-Doping Agency NADA  It was set up as registered society under the Societies Registration Act of 1890 in 2005  It has a mandate for ensuring Dope free sports in India.ias4sure. National : NGOs Bombay Natural History Society (BHNS)  BNHS is one of the largest non-governmental organisations in India engaged in conservation and biodiversity research. Functions:  Under Section 38 (Z) of WLPA. Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB) Basics:  It is a statutory body  It is a multi-disciplinary body under the Union Ministry of Environment.  It is responsible for promoting. Biodiversity.  Department of Science and Technology has designated it as a ‘Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation’.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 43 . This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. Kolkata. Ecodevelopment. 1972. Mumbai.

Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App.  Transfer of 0.  It was established as a registered society on 12th February 1958 by the Government with aim to stimulate and promote productivity and quality consciousness across all sectors in the country. National : PSUs and Companies NABARD  NABARD is an apex development bank in India.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 44 . > 10. All past year UPSC papers. planning and operations in the field of credit for agriculture and other economic activities in rural areas in India.  It is active in developing financial inclusion policy and is a member of the Alliance for Financial Inclusion. 2.000 Quality practice MCQs.  It also includes certain other amendments including changes in long title and certain sections to bring Handlooms and Medium Enterprises in NABARD’s mandate. 1981.  Established in 1974 as Tata Energy Research Institute and was renamed The Energy and Resources Institute in 2003. to the Union Government. please visit http://www. Recent Amendments:  Amendments in Act to increase authorized capital of NABARD from Rs.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ National Productivity Council (NPC)  NPC is a national level autonomous organization under Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion.  It has been entrusted with matters concerning policy. in respect of Long Term Irrigation Fund (LIF) and Government’s decision regarding on-lending to cooperative banks. small-scale industries.ias4sure. Facilitate credit flow for promotion and development of agriculture.  It also implements the productivity promotion schemes of Government and carry out programmes of Tokyo based Asian Productivity Organization (APO).  It will enable NABARD to augment its business and enhance its activities.000 crore to Rs.  Focus: It aims to focus on formulating local and national level strategies for shaping global solutions to critical issues.  It is a tri-partite non-profit organization (NGO) with equal representation from government.  Established: 1982 on the recommendations of Shivaraman Committee to implement the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development Act.  Mandate: 1. environment and sustainable development.4% equity of RBI in NABARD amounting to Rs. 20 crores.  Headquarters: Mumbai. thus facilitating promotion of integrated rural development and securing prosperity of rural areas by generating of more employment. handicrafts and other rural crafts.  It also has representatives from technical and professional institutions including members from local productivity councils and chamber of commerce on its Governing Body.  The transfer of entire shareholding of RBI held in NABARD to the Union Government will remove the conflict in RBI’s role as banking regulator and shareholder in NABARD National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC) This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. Maharashtra. Why these amendments?  Increase in authorized capital will enable NABARD to respond to the its commitments undertaken. employers and workers’ organizations. Support all other allied economic activities in rural areas. promote integrated and sustainable rural development and secure prosperity of rural areas.  The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) holds the majority stake in it. 30. Ministry of Commerce & Industry to promote productivity culture in India. 30.000 crore in consultation with RBI. as deemed necessary from time to time.ias4sure. an inter-governmental body of which India is founder member.000 crore and further increase it beyond Rs. cottage and village industries. 5. Track your progress (http://www. The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)  TERI is a non-profit research institution that conducts research work in the fields of energy.

com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________  NHPC is enterprise of Central Government incorporated with an objective to plan.  It is responsible for the development. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App.ias4sure. between two or more service providers.50. > 10. promote the development of securities market and to regulate the securities market. called the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India Act. operation and maintenance of National Highways.000 Million NHAI  NHAI is an autonomous agency of the Union Government. including fixation/revision of tariffs for telecom services which were earlier vested in the Central Government. hydroelectric power the company has expanded its objects to include other sources of energy like Solar. Wind etc.ias4sure. NHPC is a Mini Ratna Category-I Enterprise of the Central Government with an authorised share capital of Rs.  In February 1995.  SEBI is responsive to needs of three groups. responsible for management of a network of over 70. between a service provider and a group of consumers. All past year UPSC papers. 1992. and to hear and dispose of appeals against any direction. o investors and o market intermediaries. 1988.  The TRAI Act was amended by an ordinance.  Besides.e. establishing a Telecommunications Dispute Settlement and Appellate Tribunal (TDSAT) to take over the adjudicatory and disputes functions from TRAI. o quasi-judicial (passes rulings and orders in its judicial capacity) and o quasi-executive (conducts investigation and enforcement action in its executive function). it was formally made an autonomous body. effective from 24 January 2000.  It was founded in 1967 This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. Tidal. please visit http://www.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 45 . 1997  Aims to regulate telecom services.  It has three functions: o quasi-legislative (drafts regulations in its legislative capacity).000 km of national highways in India. Geothermal. decision or order of TRAI Uranium Corporation of India (UCIL)  UCIL is a centrally owned Public Sector Undertaking (PSU). which constitute the market i. under the Department of Atomic Energy for uranium mining and uranium processing. o issuers of securities. promote and organise an integrated and efficient development of hydroelectric power in all aspects.  It is a nodal agency of the Union Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. Haryana.  It was established through National Highways Authority of India Act. 1. management.  Purpose: Protect the interests of investors in securities. Solar Energy Corporation India (SECI)  SECI is a not-for-profit company established in 2011 under Section-25 of the Companies Act 1956  It comes under the direction of Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE).  At present.  It is a facilitation and implementation institution dedicated to Solar Energy sector Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI)  Established in 1997  Established by an Act of Parliament.  Established: 1975 Headquarters: Faridabad. Track your progress (http://www.000 Quality practice MCQs.  TDSAT was set up to adjudicate any dispute between a licensor and a licensee. Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)  SEBI is the statutory regulator for the securities market in India.  It was established in 1988 and given statutory powers through the SEBI Act.

o Strengthen security-related defence of the Indian Internet domain.  It was renamed to present nomenclature in 1963.  Motto: Industry. the organisation maintains operations in twenty-one states. Bhatin. natural calamities etc. Military Police and army personnel on extra regimental employment.  Headquarters: New Delhi.  It was created by merging various State Armed Police Battalions for achieving a better coordinated synergy between the border guarding functions in peace time and fighting the war during the eventuality on both Western and Eastern fronts.  The BRO operates and maintains over 32. procedures.  At present.885 kilometres of roads and about 12.  Headquarters: New Delhi  Objective: o Protect Indian cyberspace and software infrastructure against destructive and hacking activities.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 46 . Line of Control (LoC) along with Indian Army and in Anti-Naxal Operations.  It came into existence on 1st December.  It is nodal department under the aegis of Union Ministry of Communications and Information Technology.  Currently. and Sri Lanka. Bhutan.  Since its inception. and neighbouring countries such as Afghanistan.000 Quality practice MCQs.  He is selected as per the provisions of Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) Act. advisories. Chief Justice of India and Leader of Opposition or leader of the largest party in opposition in Lok Sabha CERT-In  CERT-In stands for Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In)  CERT-In is nodal government agency that deals with cyber security threats like hacking and phishing in India. 1946  It was established in 1941 as the Special Police Establishment. Track your progress (http://www.ias4sure. an IPS officer of DGP rank. prevention.  It derives power to investigate from the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act. Indo-Bangladesh International Border. Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. Border Security Force (BSF)  BSF is the sentinels of Indian borders with Pakistan and Bangladesh. 1965.  It is staffed by officers and troops drawn from the Indian Army’s Corps of Engineers. Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)  CBI is the foremost investigative police agency in India.200 meters of permanent bridges in the country.  Officers from the Border Roads Engineering Service and personnel from the General Reserve Engineer Force (GREF) form the parent cadre of the Border Roads Organisation. National : Security and Forces Border Road Organisation (BRO)  The Border Roads Organisation (BRO) develops and maintains road networks in India’s border areas and friendly neighbouring countries. Myanmar. the UCIL has uranium mining projects are in Jadugora. Integrity. response and reporting of cyber security incidents. Issue guidelines.  BSF is deployed on Indo-Pakistan International Border. 2003  The CBI Director is selected by a collegium comprising Prime Minister. Turamdih and Banduhurang in Jharkhand and Andhra Pradesh respectively.  It is non constitutional and non-statutory body. and whitepapers regarding to information security practices. Narwapahar. vulnerability notes. This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info.ias4sure. one UT (Andaman and Nicobar Islands). Electrical and Mechanical Engineers. internal security duties.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________  It is responsible for the mining and milling of uranium ore in India.  It is headed by Director. Impartiality. All past year UPSC papers. > 10. Army Service Corps. please visit http://www. BSF has proven its credentials during various counter insurgency and anti-militancy operations.

The military has no representation in this tier.  Its primary role is to assist States/Union Territories in police operations to maintain law and order and contain insurgency. the National Security Advisory Board and a Secretariat represented by the Joint Intelligence Committee.  The Political Council is chaired by the Prime Minister and is advised by the Executive Council. please visit http://www. space and high technology. 1949.000 Quality practice MCQs. with the National Security Adviser as its Secretary.ias4sure. Besides it act as a Command and Control (C2) mechanism prevents their accidental or unauthorised use.  This separation of power mechanism is meant to ensure that the nuclear weapons are under civilian control (elected government).  It was established in 1939. 2003 by an executive order of Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) headed by then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. o Lead intelligence agency for coastal and sea border. This document is a part of IAS4Sure Notes | For more info. counter terrorism.ias4sure. counter insurgency.  It functions under the aegis of Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).  It undertakes the assigned tasks during peace time and to supplement the efforts of Indian Navy during war.  It is headed by the Prime Minister.  It has been entrusted the : o Offshore security coordination authority.com © 2017 IAS4Sure | All Rights Reserved | Last Updated: 05 April 2017 47 .  It gives inputs to the Political Council. All past year UPSC papers.  It was created on January 4.  The NCA’s directives are executed by the Strategic Forces Command  The Executive Council is chaired by the National Security Adviser (NSA). Institutions Try IAS4Sure Android App. Nuclear Command Authority (NCA)  NCA is India’s nodal authority responsible for command. Strategic Forces Command (SFC)  The SFC is a tri-Service command that forms part of India’s Nuclear Command Authority (NCA).  At present. under Crown Representative’s Police but after independence it was made statutory CRPF after enactment of the CRPF Act.  It has a three tiered structure comprising the Strategic Policy Group. Indian Coast Guard  Under Coast Guard Act. CRPF is the world’s largest paramilitary force with 228 battalions and over three lakh personnel. > 10. preservation and protection of marine environment. installations and devices in maritime zones. control and operational decisions regarding India’s nuclear weapons programme.  It has Executive Council and Political Council. o National maritime search and rescue coordinating authority.  Function: It is responsible for the management and administration of the country’s tactical and strategic nuclear weapons stockpile. protection & assistance to fishermen at sea while in distress. which authorises a nuclear attack if need be. economy and environment.com/mobile-app/) _______________________________________________________________ CRPF  CRPF is the largest central armed police force or paramilitary force in India.  The duties are safety and protection of artificial islands and offshore terminals.  It is headed by a Commander-in-Chief of the rank of Air Marshal. assistance to customs & other authorities in anti-smuggling operations. 1978. conventional and non- conventional defense. Track your progress (http://www. military affairs. o Coastal security in territorial waters National Security Council  It was established in 1998  It is the apex agency looking into – external and internal security.