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Lesson Code: 190_B95_071206 July 12th 2006 / 2006ᐕ7᦬12ᣣ
95
Kanji Transcript
Kana Transcript
Rǀmaii Transcript
Translation
Vocabulary
Grammar Points
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3
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May I?
Beginner Lesson
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Lesson Code: 190_B95_071206 July 12th 2006 / 2006ᐕ7᦬12ᣣ
2
ṽሼ 
ߎߩ㔚ゞߪ․ᕆ੩ㇺⴕ߈ߢߏߑ޿߹
ߔޕ
ߚߌ ߔߺ߹ߖࠎޕߎߩᏨߪⓨ޿ߡ޿߹ߔ
߆ޕ
ࠃߒ ߪ޿ޔⓨ޿ߡ޿߹ߔࠃޕ
ߚߌ ޽ޔߔߺ߹ߖࠎޕᥤ޿ߢߔߨޕ
ࠃߒ ߘ߁ߢߔߨޕ
ߚߌ ߔߺ߹ߖࠎ߇ޔ⓹ࠍ㐿ߌߡ߽޿޿ߢߔ
߆ޕ
ࠃߒ ޿޿ߢߔߌߤޕ
ߚߌ ޽޽ޔᶭߒ޿ߢߔߨޕ᳇ᜬߜ޿޿ޕ
ࠃߒ ޽޽ޕ
ߚߌ ޽ࠅ߇ߣ߁ߏߑ޿߹ߔޕ޽޽ޔ੹ᣣߩ
ᣂ⡞ߢߔ߆ޕ
ࠃߒ ߪ޿ޔߘ߁ߢߔޕ
ߚߌ ߔߺ߹ߖࠎޕߜࠂߞߣ⷗ߡ߽޿޿ߢߔ
߆ޕᤓᣣߩᩣଔࠍ࠴ࠚ࠶ࠢߒߚ޿ࠎߢ
ߔ߇ޕ
ࠃߒ ޿޿ߢߔߌߤޕ޽ࠅ߇ߣ߁ߏߑ޿߹
ߔ㧍
߆ߥ߫ࠎ
ߎߩߢࠎߒ߾ߪߣߞ߈ࠀ߁߈ࠂ߁ߣࠁ
߈ߢߏߑ޿߹ߔޕ
ߚߌ ߔߺ߹ߖࠎޕߎߩߖ߈ߪ޽޿ߡ޿߹ߔ
߆ޕ
ࠃߒ ߪ޿ޔ޽޿ߡ޿߹ߔࠃޕ
ߚߌ ޽ޔߔߺ߹ߖࠎޕ޽ߟ޿ߢߔߨޕ
ࠃߒ ߘ߁ߢߔߨޕ
ߚߌ ߔߺ߹ߖࠎ߇ޔ߹ߤࠍ޽ߌߡ߽޿޿ߢ
ߔ߆ޕ
ࠃߒ ޿޿ߢߔߌߤޕ
ߚߌ ޽޽ޔߔߕߒ޿ߢߔߨޕ߈߽ߜ޿޿ޕ
ࠃߒ ޽޽ޕ
ߚߌ ޽ࠅ߇ߣ߁ߏߑ޿߹ߔޕ޽޽ޔ߈ࠂ߁
ߩߒࠎ߱ࠎߢߔ߆ޕ
ࠃߒ ߪ޿ޔߘ߁ߢߔޕ
ߚߌ ߔߺ߹ߖࠎޕߜࠂߞߣߺߡ߽޿޿ߢߔ
߆ޕ߈ߩ߁ߩ߆߱߆ࠍ࠴ࠚ࠶ࠢߒߚ޿
ࠎߢߔ߇ޕ
ࠃߒ ޿޿ߢߔߌߤޕ޽ࠅ߇ߣ߁ߏߑ޿߹
ߔ㧍
Translation
This train is the express train for Kyoto.
Take Excuse me, is this seat Iree?
Yoshi Yes, it`s Iree.
Take Thank you. It`s hot, isn`t it?
Yoshi That`s right.
Take Excuse me, but may I open the window.
Yoshi Umm, I suppose so.
Take Ah, it`s cool isn`t it? Feels nice.
Yoshi Umm, yeah.
Take Thank you. Ah, is that today`s newspaper?
Yoshi Yes, it is.
Take Excuse me, but may I take a look? I want
to check yesterday`s stock market.
Yoshi Yeah, you may.
Take Thank you.
Rǀmaii
Kono densha wa tokkynj Kyǀto yuki de
gozaimasu.
Take Sumimasen. Kono seki wa aite imasu ka?
Yoshi Hai, aite imasu yo.
Take A, sumimasen. Atsui desu ne.
Yoshi Sǀ desu ne.
Take Sumimasen ga, mado o akete mo ii desu
ka?
Yoshi Ii desu kedo.
Take Aa, suzushii desu ne. Kimochi ii.
Yoshi Aa.
Take Arigatǀ gozaimasu. Aa, kyǀ no shinbun
desu ka.
Yoshi Hai, sǀ desu.
Take Sumimasen. Chotto mite mo ii desu ka?
Kinǀ no kabuka o chekku shitai n desu ga.
Yoshi Ii desu kedo.
Take Arigatǀ gozaimasu.
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Lesson Code: 190_B95_071206 July 12th 2006 / 2006ᐕ7᦬12ᣣ
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Vocabulary - න⺆
Kanji Kana 5ǀPDML English
․ᕆ ߣߞ߈ࠀ߁ tokkynj express train
ᕆⴕ ߈ࠀ߁ߎ߁ kynjkǀ express train
Ꮸ ߖ߈ seki seat
ⓨᏨ ߊ߁ߖ߈ knjseki open seat, vacant seat
ḩᏨ ߹ࠎߖ߈ manseki full occupancy
⓹ ߹ߤ mado window
ᶭߒ޿ ߔߕߒ޿ suzushii cool
ᥦ߆޿ ޽ߚߚ߆޿ atatakai warm
ᣂ⡞ ߒࠎ߱ࠎ shinbun newspaper
ᦺᣣᣂ⡞ ޽ߐ߭ߒࠎ߱ࠎ Asahi shinbun Asahi Shinbun
⺒ᄁᣂ⡞ ࠃߺ߁ࠅߒࠎ߱ࠎ Yomiuri shinbun Yomiuri Shinbun
ᣣᧄ⚻ᷣᣂ⡞ ߦ߶ࠎߌ޿ߑ޿ߒࠎ߱ࠎ Nihon keizai shinbun Nikkei Shinbun
ᩣଔ ߆߱߆ kabuka stock prices
᧲੩⸽೛ขᒁᚲ ߣ߁߈ࠂ߁ߒࠂ߁ߌࠎߣ
ࠅ߭߈ߓࠂ
Tǀkyǀ shǀken torihikiio Tokyo Stock Exchange
(TSE)
࠴ࠚ࠶ࠢ ࠴ࠚ࠶ࠢ chekku check
ⓨߊ ޽ߊ aku to open, to become empty
Today`s grammar point introduces the construction -te mo ii, which is used to give permission or express
that an action or state is alright, or to ask Ior permission to do something. To Iorm this construction, attach
mo ii to the te-Iorm oI a verb or i-adiective, or to the te-Iorm oI the copula Iollowing a noun or na-adjec-
tive. Some Iormation examples Iollow:
Verb: Noun:
㘩ߴߡޓ߽ޓ޿޿ ቇ↢ޓߢޓ߽ޓ޿޿
tabete mo ii gakusei de mo ii
may eat, it is alright to eat it is alright iI (someone) is a student
i-adiective: na-adiective:
಄ߚߊߡޓ߽ޓ޿޿ 㕒߆ޓߢޓ߽ޓ޿޿
tsumetakute mo ii shizuka de mo ii
it is alright iI (something) is cold it is alright iI (something) is quiet
Grammar Points
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Lesson Code: 190_B95_071206 July 12th 2006 / 2006ᐕ7᦬12ᣣ
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Examples oI usage:
࡜ࠫࠝࠍ⡞޿ߡ߽޿޿ߢߔޕ
Rajio o kiite mo ii desu.
(Someone) may listen to the radio.
ߎߎߢᧄࠍ⺒ࠎߢ߽޿޿ߢߔ߆ޕ
Koko de hon o yonde mo ii desu ka?
May I read a book here?
ߘࠇ߇᰼ߒ޿ߩߢޔ㜞ߊߡ߽޿޿ߢߔޕ
Sore ga hoshii node, takakute mo ii desu.
I want it, so it is alright iI it is expensive.
ᕆ޿ߢ޿ࠆ߆ࠄޔ࠲ࠢࠪ࡯ߢ߽޿޿ߢߔޕ
Isoiae iru kara. takushƯ aemo ii aesu.
I am in a hurry, so a taxi is alright.
In contrast, when -te mo ii used with the negative te-Iorm oI a verb, it means that the subiect does not have
to do something, or it is alright iI the subiect is not someone/something. For example:
੹ᣣޔቇᩞߦⴕ߆ߥߊߡ߽޿޿ߢߔ߆ޕ
Kyǀ, gakkǀ ni ikanakute mo ii desu ka?
Is it all right iI I don`t go to school today?
Furthermore, more polite expressions, such as yoroshii and kamaimasen, can be used in place of ii to make
the phrase more polite. For example:
⓹ࠍ㐿ߌߡ߽ࠃࠈߒ޿ߢߔ߆ޕ
Mado o akete mo yoroshii desu ka?
Would it be all right to (May I) open the window?